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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118562/obstetricians-and-gynecologists-knowledge-education-and-practices-regarding-chronic-hepatitis-b-in-pregnancy
#1
Bolin Niu, Dina Halegoua-De Marzio, Jonathan M Fenkel, Steven K Herrine
Background: In pregnant women with high viral loads, third-trimester initiation of antiviral agents can reduce the risk of vertical transmission. We aimed to assess obstetricians' and gynecologists' (OB-GYN) knowledge and clinical practice when treating pregnant women with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV). Methods: All program directors (PDs) from 250 US OB-GYN residency programs were invited to anonymously complete an 18-item questionnaire. Descriptive statistics were calculated and analyzed...
2017: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113516/medical-genetics-and-genomics-training-inobstetrics-and-gynecology-residencies-are-we-ready-for-the-future
#2
Manesha Putra, Jay Idler, Jing Dai, Miriam G Blitzer, Gerald Feldman, Robert J Sokol
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the availability and duration of formal medical genetics and genomics (MGG) education during obstetrics and gynecology (OB/GYN) residency training in the US compared to other noncore OB/GYN rotations. METHODS: We performed a review of rotation schedules published in all American Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME)-accredited OB/GYN residency programs' websites during the month of December 2016...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108155/healthcare-and-planned-parenthood-the-significance-for-pro-life-ob-gyns
#3
Jeffrey J Pauls, Carl Landwehr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Issues in Law & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108141/teaching-ob-gyn-residents-bioethics-within-a-catholic-healthcare-context
#4
Andrew Steele
Residents entering training in the specialty of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OB/GYN) often have misconceptions as to what medical interventions Roman Catholic healthcare institutions prohibit, and why certain restrictions are placed on the provision of reproductive health options that are otherwise legally available to women. The Ethical and Religious Directives for Catholic Healthcare Services, produced by the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops seeks to provide a stable framework upon which reproductive health decisions can be based...
2017: Issues in Law & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075382/mobile-application-use-among-obstetrics-and-gynecology-residents
#5
Rachel Perry, Roshan M Burns, Rebecca Simon, Julie Youm
BACKGROUND : Mobile applications (apps) are increasingly used in clinical settings, particularly among resident physicians. Apps available to patients and physicians are rapidly expanding. OBJECTIVE : We aimed to describe obstetrics and gynecology (ob-gyn) residents' use of and attitudes toward ob-gyn-related mobile apps. METHODS : We conducted a cross-sectional survey of residents at all 19 California ob-gyn programs using a web-based questionnaire...
October 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058132/an-evaluation-of-abdominal-wall-closure-in-general-surgical-and-gynecological-residents
#6
Z Williams, S Williams, H A Easley, H M Seita, W W Hope
PURPOSE: To evaluate abdominal wall closure knowledge base and technical skills in surgical and OB/GYN residents. METHODS: Residents consented to participate in a skills laboratory and quiz. The skills portion involved closure of a 10-cm incision on a simulated abdominal wall. Participants were timed, filmed, and graded using a standardized grading system. RESULTS: Thirty surgical and OB/GYN residents participated. All residents reported closing the abdominal wall continuously, 97% preferred slowly absorbing sutures (28/29), 97% preferred taking 1-cm bites (29/30), and 93% spaced bites 1 cm apart (27/29)...
October 22, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035681/cervical-spine-disease-in-surgeons-performing-arthroscopy-or-laparoscopy
#7
Elizabeth P Norheim, Mary Helen Black, Eunis W Ngor, Jiaxiao M Shi, Marc R Safran, Ronald A Navarro
BACKGROUND: Minimal research exists regarding cervical spine disorders in surgeons who perform endoscopy. METHODS: A confidential on-line survey regarding neck pain (NP), spine disease (SD), and radiculopathy/myelopathy (R/M) was sent to 722 surgeons from a managed, group-based health care system. RESULTS: 415 responded. 361░had endoscopy experience, of whom 24.4% had NP, 20.8% SD, and 3.9% R/M. Most respondents were less than 50 years of age (62...
October 16, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030157/bits-and-pieces-a-crowd-sourced-series-of-54-cases-of-fractured-hormonal-implants
#8
Bonnie C Crouthamel, Melissa A Schiff, Anne-Marie E Amies Oelschlager, Sarah W Prager, Katherine E Debiec
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The fracture of hormonal implants, including Implanon, Nexplanon, and histrelin acetate is rare. Our aim was to describe patient demographics, mechanisms, and consequences of fractured implants by surveying physicians' experience via listservs and social media. DESIGN: We developed a REDCap survey for physicians regarding their experience with implant fracture, including patient characteristics, mechanism of fracture, changes in menstrual bleeding patterns, time from insertion to fracture, and time from fracture to seeking care...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986335/mobile-health-apps-in-ob-gyn-embedded-psychiatric-care-commentary
#9
Aydan Mehralizade, Shayna Schor, Chad M Coleman, Claire E Oppenheim, Christy A Denckla, Christina Pc Borba, David C Henderson, James Wolff, Sarah Crane, Pamela Nettles-Gomez, Avik Pal, Snezana Milanovic
This paper explores the potential benefits of the use of mobile health (mHealth) apps in obstetrician-gynecologist (OB-GYN)-embedded psychiatric clinics in the United States. First, we highlight the increasing trend of integrating mental health care within the OB-GYN context. Second, we provide examples of successful uses of mHealth in the global health context and highlight the dearth of available research in the United States. Finally, we provide a summary of the shortcomings of currently available apps and describe the upcoming trial of a novel app currently underway at the Mother-Child Wellness Clinical and Research Center at Boston Medical Center...
October 6, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973251/full-disclosure-an-ob-gyn-s-personal-story-of-pregnancy-loss
#10
Angela S Kelley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 3, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959508/autonomic-dysreflexia-in-the-peripartum-patient-a-multidisciplinary-and-interprofessional-simulation-scenario
#11
Purnima M Rao, Adam Garber, Chandrew Rajakumar, Genevieve Rousseau, George Dumitrascu, Glenn D Posner
This case is one of an eight-case multidisciplinary curriculum designed and implemented at the University of Ottawa by simulation educators with specialty training in obstetrics and gynecology (ob/gyn) and anesthesiology. Consultation with a nurse educator maintained quality and relevance of objectives for nursing participants. The curriculum was prepared to train ob/gyn and anesthesiology residents and nurses to hone crisis resource management skills and to recognize and manage rare/critical medical events in an obstetrical setting...
July 25, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955717/new-partner-recruitment-to-rural-versus-urban-ob-gyn-practices-a-survey-of-practicing-ob-gyns
#12
Michael F Fialkow, Carrie M Snead, Jay Schulkin
PURPOSE: The purpose of this pilot study was to investigate the recruitment efforts of practicing obstetrics and gynecology (ob-gyns) from rural and urban practices. METHOD: The authors surveyed practicing ob-gyns from 5 states in the Pacific Northwest in 2016 about their background, practice setting, practice profile, partner recruitment, and retention. RESULTS: Seventy-three patients completed the study (53.2% response rate). Thirty-seven percent of respondents work in an urban practice and 43% have a rural practice, with the remainder in a suburban setting...
January 2017: Health Services Research and Managerial Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950726/educational-intervention-to-improve-code-status-discussion-proficiency-among-obstetrics-and-gynecology-residents
#13
Benjamin Margolis, Craig Blinderman, Alexandre Buckley de Meritens, Sudeshna Chatterjee-Paer, Rini B Ratan, Holly G Prigerson, June Y Hou, William M Burke, Jason D Wright, Ana I Tergas
BACKGROUND: Obstetrics and gynecology (OB/GYN) residents receive little formal training in conducting code status discussions (CSDs). OBJECTIVE: We piloted an educational intervention to improve resident confidence and competence at conducting CSDs. DESIGN: The OB/GYN residents at a single institution participated in a 3-part educational program. First, participants reviewed a journal article and completed an online module. Second, they received a didactic lecture followed by a resident-to-resident mock CSD...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946174/ob-gyn-gender-preferences-of-gynecology-ambulatory-patients-and-students-choice-of-the-specialty
#14
Miriam da Silva Wanderley, Dejano Tavares Sobral
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 25, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942106/familiarity-with-long-acting-reversible-contraceptives-among-obstetrics-and-gynecology-family-medicine-and-pediatrics-residents-results-of-a-2015-national-survey-and-implications-for-contraceptive-provision-for-adolescents
#15
Susan A Davis, Nikolay P Braykov, Eva Lathrop, Lisa B Haddad
OBJECTIVE: To assess familiarity with long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARC) among current Obstetrics and Gynecology (OB/GYN), Family Medicine (FM), and Pediatrics senior residents in the United States. METHODS: We selected 156 OB/GYN, FM, and Pediatrics residency programs using the AMA Freida database. Senior residents completed a survey addressing any training they had received on LARC, and rated their comfort level counseling about and inserting LARC. Residents rated their likelihood of recommending LARC to an adolescent, nulliparous patient, and indicated whether they would like additional training on LARC...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937912/postpartum-contraceptive-use-and-rapid-repeat-pregnancy-among-women-who-use-substances
#16
Amy M Loree, Aileen Gariepy, Jennifer Prah Ruger, Kimberly A Yonkers
BACKGROUND: Postpartum contraception is especially important for women who use alcohol and other substances, given the risk of possible rapid repeat pregnancy and prenatal substance exposure. However, little is known about postpartum contraceptive use among women with substance use histories. OBJECTIVE: To characterize postpartum contraceptive initiation, 24-month continuation, and rapid repeat pregnancy among women who used substances during pregnancy. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of 161 pregnant women who enrolled in a randomized clinical trial to treat substance use in pregnancy and completed at least one follow-up assessment...
September 22, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926726/fertility-and-pregnancy-outcomes-after-transvaginal-cervico-isthmic-cerclage
#17
Marie-Emmanuelle Neveu, Hervé Fernandez, Xavier Deffieux, Marie-Victoire Senat, Marie Houllier, Perrine Capmas
INTRODUCTION: Prematurity is the leading cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Cervical insufficiency seems to be the main risk factor. Treatment is cervical cerclage. In case of failure, a cervico-isthmic cerclage by Fernandez' technique, with the placement of a polypropylene sling by vaginal approach during the first trimester of pregnancy, has proven its effectiveness. The aim of our study is to report effectiveness of Fernandez' cervico-isthmic cerclage in subsequent pregnancies...
September 11, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922318/vaccination-during-pregnancy-first-line-of-defense-for-expecting-mothers-and-vulnerable-young-infants
#18
Casidhe-Nicole Bethancourt, Tiffany L Wang, Joseph A Bocchini
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Maternal vaccination is a well-tolerated and effective way to protect mothers, their developing fetuses, and their young infants from infectious diseases. Although influenza vaccine and diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine are recommended for all pregnant women, uptake rates in the United States remain low. This review will focus on the rationale, scientific evidence, and perceptions of vaccination during pregnancy. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies show that administration of influenza and Tdap vaccines during pregnancy is well tolerated and provides protection to the pregnant woman, her fetus, and young infant...
December 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921538/a-fast-inverse-treatment-planning-strategy-facilitating-optimized-catheter-selection-in-image-guided-high-dose-rate-interstitial-gynecologic-brachytherapy
#19
Christian V Guthier, Antonio L Damato, Juergen W Hesser, Akila N Viswanathan, Robert A Cormack
PURPOSE: Interstitial high-dose rate (HDR) brachytherapy is an important therapeutic strategy for the treatment of locally advanced gynecologic (GYN) cancers. The outcome of this therapy is determined by the quality of dose distribution achieved. This paper focuses on a novel yet simple heuristic for catheter selection for GYN HDR brachytherapy and their comparison against state of the art optimization strategies. The proposed technique is intended to act as a decision-supporting tool to select a favorable needle configuration...
September 18, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891358/defensive-medicine-among-obstetricians-and-gynaecologists-in-turkey
#20
Mert Küçük
In recent years, there has been a remarkable increase in medical malpractice litigations against OB/GYNs in Turkey and globally. This high litigation atmosphere may have changed attitudes, behaviour and practice of OB/GYNs. In the current study, opinions and attitudes of OB/GYNs regarding defensive medicine and to what extent they practice it were investigated. One hundred and eight OB/GYNs participated in the study. All participants found obstetrics and gynaecology riskier when compared with other medical branches and reported that they were increasingly practising defensive medicine...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
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