Read by QxMD icon Read


Sara Whetstone, Meg Autry
An unprecedented number of medical students and residents express the desire to participate in global health work during their training and beyond. Preparing learners for work in underserved settings makes it more likely that they will continue to work in areas of need. Training programs that focus on global health have been criticized as there is ample work to be done in the US, and often global health work becomes learner-centric, which is difficult to maintain and potentially burdensome and harmful to the host site...
March 1, 2018: AMA Journal of Ethics
Ronit Koren, Yifat Wiener, Karen Or, Carlos A Benbassat, Shlomit Koren
OBJECTIVES: To study the current practices in the management of subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) and thyroid nodules during pregnancy of obstetricians/gynecologists (OB/GYNs) and endocrinologists in Israel. METHODS: An electronic questionnaire was sent by email to all members of the Israeli Endocrine Society and the Israel Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Questionnaires included demographic data and clinical scenarios with questions regarding the screening and management of pregnant women with SCH, hypothyroxinemia, and a palpable thyroid nodule...
March 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
Eva M Luo, Henry S Opare-Ado, Joseph Adomako, Kwabena A Danso, Talya Peltzman, Frank W J Anderson
Introduction To provide a qualitative perspective on the changes that occurred after newly placed OB/GYNs began working at district hospitals in Ashanti, Ghana. Methods Structured interviews of healthcare professionals were conducted at eight district hospitals located throughout the Ashanti district of Ghana, four with and four without a full-time OB/GYN on staff. Individuals interviewed include: medical superintendents, medical officers, district hospital administrators, OB/GYNs (where applicable), and nurse-midwives...
March 8, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Kaouther Dimassi, Ahmed Halouani, Dalenda Chelli, Badis Chanoufi, Amel Triki, Mohamed Faouzi Gara
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of a targeted training program on the quality of NT measures performed by OBST/GYN trainees. METHODS: Prospective study. Step1: each trainee achieved 10 T1US . All were evaluated by 2 experts. Step 2: interactive training session where participants received a detailed feedback report. Step3: each candidate performed again 10 T1US. The results obtained before and after the training session were compared. RESULTS: Step1: Herman score was 4...
April 2017: La Tunisie Médicale
Michael F Fialkow, Carrie M Snead, Jay Schulkin
Introduction: As the US health-care system has evolved over the past decade, access to obstetric care in rural communities has declined, and there has been a challenge in retaining obstetrics and gynecology (OB-GYN) providers to train the next generation of physicians. The current pilot study sought to identify the factors that influence faculty who train medical students within the field of OB-GYN with the hope of influencing recruitment and retention of providers for the future. Methods: Clinical OB-GYN faculty within the University of Washington School of Medicine regional medical education program were surveyed about practice patterns and beliefs regarding medical student training as part of a pilot study on provider recruitment and retention...
January 2018: Health Services Research and Managerial Epidemiology
Lars H Breimer, Torbjörn K Nilsson, Michael E Breimer
Declaration of conflicts of interest (COI, understood mainly as financial) in medical publications is long established. Most journals refer only to the guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) but not to those of the WAME (World Association of Medical Editors). We surveyed 17 journals and found only one (BJOG), which explicitly mentioned "religious interest" as an example of a possible COI and one other journal included "personal belief" (Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India) as a COI...
February 7, 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
Susan A Barr, Catrina C Crisp, Amanda B White, Shazia A Malik, Kimberly Kenton
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study are to identify screening, treatment, and referral practices of primary care physicians (PCPs) for patients with pelvic floor disorders (PFDs) and evaluate awareness of the Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery (FPMRS) subspecialty. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of PCPs using a random sample of 1005 American College of Physicians members, stratified by demographic region. Electronic survey content included awareness of FPMRS certification, comfort diagnosing and treating PFDs, and PFD referral patterns for PCPs...
March 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
AnnaMarie Connolly, Alice Goepfert, Anita Blanchard, Elizabeth Buys, Nicole Donnellan, Cindy L Amundsen, Shelley L Galvin, Kimberly Kenton
Background : Few tools currently exist for effective, accessible delivery of real-time, workplace feedback in the clinical setting. Objective : We developed and implemented a real-time, web-based tool for performance-based feedback in the clinical environment. Methods : The tool (myTIPreport) was designed for performance-based feedback to learners on the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) Milestones and procedural skills...
February 2018: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
Layan Alrahmani, Elisabeth Codsi, Kristi S Borowski
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the current state of ultrasound training in obstetrics and gynecology (OB-GYN) residency programs across the United States. METHODS: An electronic survey was sent to OB-GYN residency program directors and OB-GYN residents. Responses were obtained in September 2016. Program directors and residents were asked to reflect on their current ultrasound curriculum. RESULTS: A total of 93 program directors and 437 residents responded...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Attila Bokor, Peter Lukovich, Noemi Csibi, Thomas D'Hooghe, Dan Lebovic, Reka Brubel, Janos Rigo
STUDY OBJECTIVE We first present a detailed description of a modified NOSE-colectomy technique. Secondly, we report the postoperative outcomes of our prospective case series when compared to conventional laparoscopic bowel resection in a relatively large series of patients. DESIGN Canadian Task Force Classification II-1. SETTING University tertiary referral center. PATIENTS Patient selection The last 90 consecutive patients in our care with DIE of the bowel are presented in this study. Patients were diagnosed at the 1st Department of OB/GYN Semmelweis Universtiy Budapest, Hungary...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Francesca Albani, Adriana Bonfigli, Francesca Consolaro, Luigi Rigano, Monica Campisi
Dehydration of genital areas, known as vaginal dryness, frequently affects woman's life, from fertile to postmenopausal period, and must be treated with specific products, including proper intimate cleansing. Based on that, two new cleanser formulations, characterized by Hyaluronic Acid 0.2% as main ingredient, have been developed (Hyalo Gyn® Intimo Active and Hyalo Gyn® Intimo Advance), with the aim to provide an effective hydration of the vaginal, vulvar, perianal and anal areas beyond guaranteeing daily intimate hygiene...
April 2018: Minerva Ginecologica
Christopher C DeStephano, Anita H Chen, Michael Heckman, Nicolette T Chimato, Paulami Guha, Mariana Espinal, Tri A Dinh
OBJECTIVE: Demonstrate the process for establishing or refuting validity for the Limbs and Things hysterectomy model. DESIGN: Prospective study using Kane's framework for establishing validity (Canadian Task Force Classification: II-2). SETTING: Laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) assessments completed in the operating room (OR) and simulation at three academic medical centers. PARTICIPANTS: OB/GYN residents (n=26 post-graduate year 3-4), a gynecologic oncology fellow (post-graduate year 5), and a gynecology oncology attending...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Christina Terrazas, Lisa S Segre, Cheryl Wolfe
In 2015, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists issued a recommendation to screen women for depression and anxiety symptoms at least once during the perinatal period. Nevertheless, many identified women will not receive care from a behavioral health specialist. Listening Visits (LV), developed for delivery by nurses and validated in the United Kingdom, have recently been evaluated in a US-based randomized controlled trial (RCT) which recruited research participants from three home-visiting programs and an urban OB/GYN practice...
February 12, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
Lori R Berkowitz, Kaitlyn James, Emil Petrusa, Carey York-Best, Anjali J Kaimal
OBJECTIVE: To describe the development of a low-cost educational module for OB/GYN faculty skills maintenance for total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH), a low frequency core procedure in obstetrics and gynecology. DESIGN: After review of existing educational tools and utilization of a modified Delphi method to establish consensus regarding key procedural components for skills maintenance, a 2-hour workshop was developed to review knowledge and participate in a simulation focused on the critical steps in performing TAH...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
Gary Fruhman, Collin Miller, Erol Amon, Darbey Raible, Rachael Bradshaw, Kimberly Martin
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether obstetricians think that cardiac surgery is ethical in babies with common aneuploidies and whether insurance companies should be required to pay for these surgeries. STUDY DESIGN: A survey was e-mailed to 2,897 OB-GYNs and 898 (31%) actively practicing obstetricians responded to the survey. Respondents were asked whether it is ethical to offer cardiac surgery for babies with heart defects diagnosed with trisomies 21, 18, 13, and Turner Syndrome and whether insurance companies should be required to pay for such surgeries in cases of trisomy 18 or 13...
February 7, 2018: Prenatal Diagnosis
Jun Li, Qin Zhu, Bingyi Yang, Chengcheng Ning, Xiaoxia Liu, Xuezhen Luo, Xiaojun Chen
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the incidence of ovarian malignant involvement in young and premenopausal endometrioid endometrial cancer and study the possible risk factors. METHODS: Premenopausal patients 45 years of age or younger with endometrioid endometrial cancer treated at the OB/GYN Hospital of Fudan University between 2009 and 2013 were identified. The incidence of ovarian malignant involvement in young and premenopausal endometrioid endometrial cancer patients were calculated and the possible risk factors were investigated...
January 31, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Meghna R Sebastian, Constance M Wiemann, Fida Bacha, Sharonda J Alston-Taylor
STUDY OBJECTIVE: A polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) diagnosis in adolescence can have significant long-term health implications. The criteria for its diagnosis in adolescents have been subject to much debate. This study aimed to characterize the variability in diagnosis and management among different pediatric specialties. DESIGN, SETTINGS, PARTICIPANTS, AND INTERVENTIONS: This is a retrospective review of electronic medical records of females (11 - 21 years old) who presented to three specialties (adolescent medicine (AM), pediatric endocrinology (ENDO), and gynecology (GYN)), with a post-visit diagnosis of PCOS, menstrual disorders, or hirsutism, at a large tertiary care center, from November 1, 2011- October 31, 2012...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Wilson V Chan, Jo-Ann Johnson, R Douglas Wilson, Amy Metcalfe
BACKGROUND: Cell-free DNA (cfDNA) screening has recently acquired tremendous attention, promising patients and healthcare providers a more accurate prenatal screen for aneuploidy than other current screening modalities. It is unclear how much knowledge regarding cfDNA screening obstetrical providers possess which has important implications for the quality and content of the informed consent patients receive. METHODS: A survey was designed to assess obstetrical provider knowledge and attitudes towards cfDNA screening and distributed online through the Society of Obstetricians & Gynecologists of Canada (SOGC)...
January 23, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Ivan Fistonić, Nikola Fistonić
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: A growing body of evidence indicates that a non-invasive erbium yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Er:YAG) laser may be an effective and highly tolerable treatment for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in women. The primary objective was to identify pre-intervention predictors of short-term Er:YAG outcomes. The secondary objective was to identify patient segments with the best Er:YAG laser treatment short-term outcomes. METHODS: A prospective cohort study performed in 2016 at Ob/Gyn Clinic, Zagreb, Croatia, recruited 85 female patients who suffered from SUI...
January 23, 2018: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Daniela Grieco, Nicola Lacetera, Mario Macis, Daniela Di Martino
Umbilical cord blood is a source of hematopoietic stem cells essential to treat life-threatening diseases, such as leukemia and lymphoma. However, only a very small percentage of parents donate upon delivery. The decision to donate the cord blood occurs at a very specific time and when parents likely experience emotional, informational, and decisional overloads; these features of cord blood donation make it different from other pro-social activities. In collaboration with an OB-GYN clinic in Milan, Italy, we conducted the first randomized controlled trial that applies tools from behavioral science to foster cord blood donation, and quantified the gains that informational and behavioral "nudges" can achieve...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"