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Jennifer Pearson, Ruth Westra
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Department of Family Medicine and Community Health Duluth has offered the Obstetrical Longitudinal Course (OBLC) as an elective for first-year medical students since 1999. The objective of the OBLC Impact Survey was to assess the effectiveness of the course over the past 15 years. METHODS: A Qualtrics survey was emailed to participants enrolled in the course from 1999-2014. Data was compiled for the respondent group as a whole as well as four cohorts based on current level of training/practice...
October 2016: Family Medicine
Kristina M Shumard, Jeffrey M Denney, Kristen Quinn, Arnold S Grandis, Paul W Whitecar, John Bailey, Rubymel J Jijon-Knupp, Chenchen Huang, Kendra Kesty, Brian C Brost, Joshua F Nitsche
OBJECTIVE: Simulation training has been demonstrated to increase medical student confidence with vaginal deliveries; however, effect on skill performance is still lacking. To determine if integration of simulation training into the OB/GYN clerkship improves performance of vaginal deliveries, we assessed the effectiveness of simulation in third-year medical students. METHODS: During the OB/GYN clerkship, third-year students were assigned to receive vaginal delivery simulation (n=54) or cervical exam simulation (n=56), with each group serving as a simulation naïve control for the other skill...
October 2016: Family Medicine
Bradley D Holbrook, Stephen M Petterson, William F Rayburn
Objectives Retirement of "baby boomer" physicians is a matter of growing concern in light of the shortage of certain physician groups. The objectives of this investigation were to define what constitutes a customary retirement age range of maternal-fetal medicine (MFM) physicians and examine how that compares with other obstetrician-gynecologist (ob-gyn) specialists. Study Design This descriptive study was based on American Medical Association Masterfile survey data from 2010 to 2014. Data from the National Provider Identifier were used to correct for upward bias in reporting retirement ages...
October 12, 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
Tina Melancon, Cory Bivona, Susan Klenke, Michelle Rockey, Jane Huh, Dave Henry, Dennis Grauer, Mazin Al-Kasspooles, Gary Johnson, Evelyn Reynolds, Julia Chapman
INTRODUCTION: Studies have shown the benefit of 28days of extended postoperative venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis for patients undergoing major cancer surgery in the abdomen or pelvis. We retrospectively evaluated the VTE incidence at the University of Kansas Hospital between gynecologic (GYN) cancer patients, who receive extended prophylaxis, and gastrointestinal (GI) cancer patients, who do not. METHODS: Patients were evaluated between January of 2010 and December of 2013, and VTE data for eligible patients were collected for 30 and 90days postoperatively...
October 6, 2016: Thrombosis Research
Christine Petrin, Scott Kahan, M Turner, C Gallagher, W H Dietz
INTRODUCTION: Rates of obesity pharmacotherapy use, bariatric surgery and intensive behavioural counselling have been extremely low. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to survey healthcare provider beliefs, practice and knowledge regarding obesity management. METHODS: Primary care physicians (PCPs), OB-GYN physicians and nurse practitioners (NPs) responded to a web-based survey related to drug therapy practice, bariatric surgery referral and reimbursement coding practice...
September 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
Kyle E Horst, Susan C Modesitt
OBJECTIVES: Endometrial cancer remains the fourth most common malignancy among US women, and hormonal contraceptives drastically reduce this risk. The study objectives were to assess the prescribing patterns, counseling practices, and knowledge of family physicians and obstetrician/gynecologists (OB/GYNs) regarding hormonal contraceptives, obesity, and cancer prevention. METHODS: A 25-question survey was mailed to 4600 OB/GYNs and family practitioners licensed in Virginia to assess self-reported hormonal contraceptive prescription practices, patient evaluation and counseling, and gynecologic oncology knowledge...
October 2016: Southern Medical Journal
Elizabeth Park, Tiny Masupe, Joseph Joseph, Ari Ho-Foster, Afton Chavez, Swetha Jammalamadugu, Andrew Marek, Ruth Arumala, Dineo Ketshogileng, Ryan Littman-Quinn, Carrie Kovarik
BACKGROUND: Since the UN Human Rights Council's recognition on the subject in 2011, the right to access the Internet and information is now considered one of the most basic human rights of global citizens [1,2]. Despite this, an information gap between developed and resource-limited countries remains, and there is scant research on actual information needs of workers themselves. The Republic of Botswana represents a fertile ground to address existing gaps in research, policy, and practice, due to its demonstrated gap in access to information and specialists among rural health care workers (HCWs), burgeoning mHealth capacity, and a timely offer from Orange Telecommunications to access Wikipedia for free on mobile platforms for Botswana subscribers...
November 2016: International Journal of Medical Informatics
Abolfazl Mehdizadehkashi, Kobra Tahermanesh, Abbas Fazel Anvari-Yazdi, Shahla Chaichian, Negar Azarpira, Malihe Nobakht, Seyedeh Mehr Abed, Neda Hashemi
STUDY OBJECTIVE: In general, in the context of chronic pelvic pain (CPP) and endometriosis, there is no established relationship between the severity of pain and stage of endometriosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the pelvic peritoneum under chromoendoscopy by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) as well as light microscopy with H&E staining and immunohistochemical assay in patients of CPP associated with subtle endometriosis. DESIGN: Case series study. DESIGN: classification: Canadian Task Force classification II...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Juliana G Barnard, Amanda F Dempsey, Sarah E Brewer, Jennifer Pyrzanowski, Sara E Mazzoni, Sean T O'Leary
BACKGROUND: Many young and middle aged women receive their primary health care from their obstetrician-gynecologists (ob-gyn). A recent change to vaccination recommendations during pregnancy has forced the integration of new clinical processes at ob-gyn practices. Evidence-based best practices for vaccination delivery include the establishment of vaccination standing orders. OBJECTIVES: As part of an intervention to increase adoption of evidence-based vaccination strategies for women in safety-net and private ob-gyn settings, we conducted a qualitative study to identify the facilitators and barriers experienced by ob-gyn sites when establishing vaccination standing orders...
September 26, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
C S Roedner, J K Moulder, M T Siedhoff, S L Cohen, E T Carey, A C Yunker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
C C De Amorim Paiva, N Tang, C Prabakar, P Bral
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
A A Shields, K M Stampler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
S C Hong, S Agarwal, P Wong, M A Fraser, I Chen, S S Singh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Johnathan Michael Sheele, Rachel Bernstein, Francis L Counselman
A negative urine pregnancy test in the emergency department traditionally excludes the diagnosis of pregnancy. We report a rare case of ruptured ectopic pregnancy in a patient with a negative urine pregnancy test but with a serum beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) of 10 mIU/mL. The patient developed hemoperitoneum and required laparoscopy by Obstetrics and Gynecology (OB/Gyn). This case highlights the fallibility of the urine pregnancy test in diagnosing early pregnancy.
2016: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
Padma Kandadai, Samantha Mcvay, Jean-Robert Larrieux, Katharine OʼDell
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine factors associated with perceived comfort with pessary management among obstetrics and gynecology (OB/GYN) residents in the United States. METHODS: A 31-item anonymous electronic survey regarding experience with, attitudes toward, and comfort with pessary management was distributed to US OB/GYN residents in all postgraduate years (PGYs). Demographic and program-specific data on pessary education were collected. Descriptive statistical analyses were performed...
September 21, 2016: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
Kelly Shum, Amber Solivan, Parham Parto, Nichole Polin, Eiman Jahangir
BACKGROUND: Because of the improvements in survival rates, patients with breast cancer are now more likely to die from cardiovascular disease than from cancer. Thus, providing appropriate preventive cardiovascular care to patients with cancer is of the utmost importance. METHODS: We retrospectively compared the cardiovascular risk and management of 146 women treated at the Cardio-Oncology (Cardio-Onc) and the Obstetrics and Gynecology (Ob-Gyn) clinics. We calculated cardiovascular risk using the American College of Cardiology (ACC)/American Heart Association (AHA) atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk calculator and the Framingham Risk Score Calculator...
2016: Ochsner Journal
Ginger D Constantine, David F Archer, Shelli Graham, Brian A Bernick, Sebastian Mirkin
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prescribing patterns of general practitioners (GPs), obstetrician/gynecologists (OB/GYNs), and wellness physicians (WPs) of menopausal hormone therapy (HT) for both compounded (CHT) and Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved products, using a survey of US physicians. METHODS: Nine thousand one US physicians were invited to participate in a survey to report on their HT-prescribing patterns. Physicians were eligible if they prescribed HT for at least six patients per month...
October 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
Shad H Deering, Michael K Chinn, Laurie B Kavanagh, Tieneka M Baker, Peter E Nielsen
OBJECTIVE: To assess the specialty-specific procedures and clinical encounters U.S. Army obstetrician/gynecologist (OB/GYN) providers felt were affected by deployment and identify skills and areas that may benefit from postdeployment training. METHODS: Active duty Army OB/GYN physicians were invited to participate in an anonymous web-based survey to rate their comfort level and experience performing specialty-specific procedures before and after military deployment...
September 2016: Military Medicine
Shad H Deering, Laurie B Kavanagh, Michael K Chinn, Yong Choi, Robert M Rush, Imad Haque
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of deployment on basic laparoscopic skills of general surgeons and obstetrics/gynecology (OB/GYN) physicians. METHODS: This was a prospective 10-site study. Active duty Army OB/GYN and general surgery physicians scheduled to deploy were invited to participate. Before deployment, they performed fundamentals of laparoscopic surgery (FLS) tasks and specialty-specific procedures on a virtual reality laparoscopic simulator. Upon returning, physicians repeated the same evaluations...
September 2016: Military Medicine
Deborah Coady, Vanessa Kennedy
As cancer therapies improve, the number of women surviving or living long lives with cancer continues to increase. Treatment modalities, including surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and hormonal therapy, affect sexual function and may cause sexual pain through a variety of mechanisms, depending on treatment type. Adverse sexual effects resulting from ovarian damage, anatomic alterations, and neurologic, myofascial, or pelvic organ injury may affect more than half of women affected by cancer. Despite the fact that no specialty is better qualified to render care for this consequence of cancer treatments, many obstetrician-gynecologists (ob-gyns) feel uncomfortable or ill-equipped to address sexual pain in women affected by cancer...
October 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
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