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Myasthenia and cardio

Francesco Paolo Caronia, Alfonso Fiorelli, Ettore Arrigo, Sebastiano Trovato, Mario Santini, Attilio Ignazio Lo Monte
BACKGROUND: Video-assisted thoracoscopy is become a widely accepted approach for the resection of anterior mediastinal masses, including thymoma. The current trend is to reduce the number of ports and minimize the length of incisions to further decrease postoperative pain, chest wall paresthesia, and length of hospitalization. Herein, we reported an extended resection of thymoma in a patient with myasthenia gravis through an uniportal bilateral thoracoscopic approach. CASE PRESENTATION: A 74 years old woman with myasthenia gravis was referred to our attention for management of a 3...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Marco Lucchi, Paul Van Schil, Ralph Schmid, Federico Rea, Franca Melfi, Kalliopi Athanassiadi, Marcin Zielinski, Tom Treasure
Thymic disorders, both oncological and non-oncological, are rare. Multi-institutional, randomized studies are currently not available. The Thymic Working Group of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery (EACTS) decided to perform a survey aiming to estimate the extent and type of current surgical practice in thymic diseases. A questionnaire was addressed to the thoracic and cardio-thoracic members of the society, and the answers received from 114 participants were analysed. High-volume surgeons cooperate more frequently with a dedicated neurologist and anaesthesist (P = 0...
June 2012: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
S Kolli, K M Mathew, P Thumbikat, M R McClelland, K P S Nair
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Myasthenia gravis (MG) complicating spinal cord injury (SCI) is extremely rare. We report a patient with SCI developing MG leading to death. There are no similar articles at present on literature search. CASE REPORT: A 54-year-old man, paralysed at the T12 level (ASIA A) for 40 years, was admitted for surgical repair of his grade IV sacral pressure sore. During the admission he developed diplopia, fluctuating dysphagia and slurred speech...
December 2011: Spinal Cord
Marjolein de Kraker, Jolanda Kluin, Nomdo Renken, Alex P W M Maat, Ad J J C Bogers
The surgical strategy in patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) is influenced by the suspicion of thymoma based on mediastinal imaging. Aim of this retrospective study was to analyse the accuracy of CT of the mediastinum in predicting the histological findings in patients with MG referred for thymectomy. Thirty-four CT-scans of MG patients referred for thymectomy between October 1989 and October 2003 were retrospectively evaluated by three cardio-thoracic surgeons and three radiologists. Data were analysed by Kappa statistics to judge inter-observer variance and were compared to the histopathological findings to determine predictive value...
June 2005: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
A A Spasov, I N Iezhitsa, I N Tiurenkov, V N Perfilova, N A Gurova, M S Kravchenko
L-carnitine (L-beta-hydroxy-gamma-N,N,N-trimethylaminobutyric acid) is conditionally necessary for mitochondrial transport and metabolism of long-chain fatty acids, and thus for myocardial energetic metabolism. D-carnitine is not biologically active and might interfere with proper utilization of the L isomer, and so there are claims that the racemic mixture (DL-carnitine) should be avoided. The pharmacological effects of carnitine are stereospecific: L-carnitine was effective in various animal and clinical studies, while D- and DL-carnitine was found to be ineffective or even toxic to some cells and tissues, such as muscle cells and the myocardium...
2006: Vestnik Rossiĭskoĭ Akademii Meditsinskikh Nauk
G Pfeifer, J Schulte am Esch, A Koenig
The value of artificial respiration for the bridging of crises in patients with myasthenia gravis is emphasized on some typical cases. Further use, beyond a life-saving indication, for limited periods is described. Such relative indications may exist, when there is not yet complete respiratory failure but when a worsening of myasthenic weakness or cholinergic intoxication may threaten a respiratory crisis. In order to prevent serious complications, early artificial respiration may be indicated in the following situations: deterioration of cardio-pulmonary complications, important changes in therapy, particularly at the start of immuno-suppressive treatment, following tracheobronchial aspiration, in chronic cholinergic intoxication, following operations under general anesthesia, particularly after thymectomy...
October 1977: Fortschritte der Neurologie, Psychiatrie, und Ihrer Grenzgebiete
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