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Echocardiography and clinical cardiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778090/massive-pericardial-effusion-without-cardiac-tamponade-due-to-subclinical-hypothyroidism-hashimoto-s-disease
#1
Panteleimon E Papakonstantinou, Nikolaos Gourniezakis, Christos Skiadas, Alexandros Patrianakos, Achilleas Gikas
CONTEXT: Hypothyroidism is a significant cause of pericardial effusion. However, large pericardial effusions due to hypothyroidism are extremely rare. Hormone replacement therapy is the cornerstone of treatment for hypothyroidism and regular follow-up of patients after initiation of the therapy is indicated. Herein, the case of a 70-year-old woman with a massive pericardial effusion due to Hashimoto's disease is presented. ISSUES: A 70-year-old female from a rural village on the island of Crete, Greece, was admitted to our hospital due to a urinary tract infection...
May 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771705/the-causality-nexus-between-the-tako-tsubo-syndrome-and-an-assault-a-forensic-case-report
#2
Malek Zribi, Syrine Azza Manoubi, Narjes Karray, Salma Charfeddine, Wiem Benamar, Zouhir Hammami, Samir Kammoun, Samir Maatoug
"Tako-tsubo" cardiomyopathy, also known as "broken heart syndrome," is one of the rarest types of stress-induced cardiomyopathy. It frequently mimics acute coronary syndrome, characterized by transient left ventricular dysfunction, electrocardiographic changes, and release of myocardial enzymes. After treatment, the patients are cured in most cases without sequelae. Tako-tsubo syndrome is rarely considered as a reason for consultation in the forensic department.Herein, we report a case of a 68-year-old woman who was assaulted by her police officer neighbor...
May 4, 2018: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769494/clinical-profile-and-outcome-of-peripartum-cardiomyopathy-a-study-in-a-tertiary-cardiac-hospital-of-bangladesh
#3
N Fatema, S K Banerjee, C M Ahmed, A A Habib, F Rahman, S A Ahsan, H Hoque, R C Debnath, S Hashem, J Arzu
This study was done to evaluate the clinical profile, management and to analysis of pregnancy outcomes of peripartum cardiomyopathy pregnant women. Follow up was done after treatment and to see the prognosis. All patients admitted with peripartum cardiomyopathy from July 2009 to June 2014 in the department of Cardiology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh were considered for this observational study. Seventy two (72) women were evaluated. Primi-paras are 28 (39%) of the total study population...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747565/effects-of-post-discharge-management-on-rates-of-early-re-admission-and-death-after-hospitalisation-for-heart-failure
#4
Quan Huynh, Kazuaki Negishi, Carmine De Pasquale, James Hare, Dominic Leung, Tony Stanton, Thomas H Marwick
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether enrolment of patients in management programs after hospitalisation for heart failure (HF) reduces the likelihood of post-hospital adverse outcomes. DESIGN: Cohort study in which associations between adverse outcomes at 30 and 90 days for people hospitalised for HF and baseline clinical, socio-demographic and blood pathology factors, and with post-discharge management strategies, were assessed. Setting, participants: 906 patients with HF were prospectively enrolled in five Australian states at cardiology departments with expertise in treating people with HF...
May 14, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729173/indscators-of-blood-lipid-profile-acute-phase-reactions-and-uric-acid-in-patients-with-arterial-hypertension-combined-with-connective-tissue-dysplasia
#5
Yevheniya H Zaremba, Nataliya O Rak, Olha V Zaremba, Olena V Zaremba-Fedchyshyn, Marianna M Virna, Liliya O Odnorih
OBJECTIVE: Introduction:Changes in the cardiovascular system can be divided into 2 groups due to the connective tissue dysplasia (CTD) and changes in the circulatory system, caused by pathological processes that arose on the basis of the connective structures failure. One of the risk factors of arterial hypertension (AH) remaining insufficiently studied is collagen pathology - nondifferentiated connective tissue dysplasia (NCTD). The presence of connective tissue in all organs and systems, the common origin of smooth muscles, blood and lymph from mesenchyma leads to dysplastic changes in any organ and system...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728065/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-primary-left-sided-valve-disease-in-a-cohort-of-15-000-patients-undergoing-echocardiography-studies-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-uganda
#6
Joselyn Rwebembera, William Manyilirah, Zhang Wan Zhu, Juliet Nabbaale, Judith Namuyonga, Isaac Ssinabulya, Sulaiman Lubega, Peter Lwabi, John Omagino, Emmy Okello
BACKGROUND: Although rheumatic heart disease remains the leading cause of valve heart disease (VHD) in developing countries, other forms of valve disease have been over shadowed and not regarded as a public health problem. However, several facts suggest that the role of non-rheumatic VHD as a significant cardiovascular disease should be reconsidered. We aimed to assess the prevalence and characteristics of different forms of primary left sided valve diseases from a series of 15,009 echocardiographic studies...
May 4, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694648/prosthetic-valve-endocarditis-clinical-bacteriological-and-therapeutic-aspects
#7
Meriem Drissa, Sana Helali, Marwa Chebbi, Khaled Ezzaouia, Fadwa Omri, Habiba Drissa
BACKGROUND: The prosthetic valve endocarditis(PVE) is a serious complication of valve replacement surgery. The aim of this work was to analyze the clinical and echocardiography characters of the PVE, deduce surgery indication, and determinate the prognostic factors Methods :We presented a retrospective descriptive study from 2000 to 2014 which included 30 patients hospitalized in department of cardiology in la Rabta hospital for certain PVE according to DUCKES criteria. RESULTS: Our study consisted of 18 male patients with sex ratio of 1...
July 2017: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690966/effects-of-lower-limb-cycle-training-on-echocardiographic-parameters-of-left-ventricle-in-dilated-cardiomyopathy-patients
#8
Mehwish Waseem, Naveed Yaqoob, Muhammad Iqbal Tariq, Muhammad Qasim Raza, Imran Amjad
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of lower limb ergometric training on echocardiographic parameters of left ventricle in dilated cardiomyopathy (DMC) patients. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized control trial. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Rawalpindi Institute of Cardiology, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, from September 2016 to February 2017. METHODOLOGY: Clinically stable patients with DCM (n=60), were randomly allocated into an interventional group with two-month interventional program and a non-trained control group (n=30 each)...
May 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677464/improving-the-quality-of-preclinical-research-echocardiography-observations-training-and-guidelines-for-measurement
#9
Daniel G Donner, Helen Kiriazis, Xiao-Jun Du, Thomas H Marwick, Julie R McMullen
Informal training in preclinical research may be a contributor to the poor reproducibility of preclinical cardiology research and low rates of translation into clinical research and practice. Mouse echocardiography is a widely used technique to assess cardiac structure and function in drug intervention studies using disease models. The inter-observer variability (IOV) of clinical echocardiographic measurements has been shown to improve with formalized training, but preclinical echocardiography lacks similarly critical standardization of training...
April 20, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675359/three-dimensional-speckle-tracking-echocardiography-detects-different-patterns-of-right-atrial-dysfunction-in-selected-disorders-a-short-summary-from-the-magyar-path-study
#10
Attila Nemes, Péter Domsik, Anita Kalapos, Árpád Kormányos, Nóra Ambrus, Tamás Forster
The right atrium (RA) is the most under-evaluated heart chamber in the clinical practice. Three-dimensional (3D) speckle-tracking echocardiography (STE) merges the benefits of 3D echocardiography and STE: volumetric and strain assessment of the RA can be performed at the same time from the same digitally acquired 3D echocardiographic dataset with a special equipment using a virtual 3D model of the RA. A diagnostic focused study is under way at the Second Department of Medicine and Cardiology Center, University of Szeged, Hungary to assess 3D-STE-derived RA variables in different patient populations, which serves as a substudy of Motion Analysis of the heart and Great vessels bY three-dimensionAl speckle-tRacking echocardiography in Pathological cases (MAGYAR-Path) Study...
March 2018: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643699/clinical-efficacy-of-transthoracic-echocardiography-for-screening-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-in-turkish-patients
#11
Salih Kilic, Erhan Saracoglu, Yusuf Cekici
Background: The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in Turkish patients aged ≥ 65 years, and to demonstrate the applicability of echocardiography to AAA screening. Methods: Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) was performed in all consecutive patients aged ≥ 65 years who were referred to cardiology clinics or were referred from other outpatient clinics. The abdominal aorta (AA) of each patient was scanned using the same probe, and the time spent was recorded...
March 2018: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629256/european-society-of-cardiology-proposed-diagnostic-echocardiographic-algorithm-in-elective-patients-with-clinical-suspicion-of-infective-endocarditis-diagnostic-yield-and-prognostic-implications-in-clinical-practice
#12
Andrea Barbieri, Francesca Mantovani, Roberta Lugli, Francesca Bursi, Matteo Fabbri, Ylenia Bartolacelli, Marcella Manicardi, Guglielmo Stefanelli, Cristina Mussini, Giuseppe Boriani
Background: Echocardiography plays a central role in diagnosing infective endocarditis (IE). Accordingly, the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) has proposed a diagnostic echocardiographic algorithm. However, new studies are still needed to evaluate the degree of implementation of these guidelines in clinical practice and their consequences on incidence and prognosis of IE. Aim: This study aims to investigate the diagnostic yield of the ESC proposed echocardiographic algorithm in patients with suspected IE...
January 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541614/role-of-echocardiography-for-takotsubo-cardiomyopathy-clinical-and-prognostic-implications
#13
REVIEW
Masaki Izumo, Yoshihiro J Akashi
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC) is newly-described secondary cardiomyopathy characterized by transient left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, which is increasingly recognized in the field of cardiology. TTC occurs in approximately 2% of the patients with acute coronary syndrome. Its onset is rare; however, its specific features play a crucial role in diagnosing the chest pain in clinical practice. TTC has generally favorable outcome with rapid recovery of LV function; however, an increasing evidence suggests that it should be regarded as a more serious acute cardiac disorder with a variety of complications...
February 2018: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518797/management-of-suspected-acute-coronary-syndrome-patients-admitted-to-cardiology-or-non-cardiology-services-at-auckland-city-hospital-implications-for-future-national-data-collection
#14
Tom Kai Ming Wang, Kok-Lam Chow, Aaron Lin, Alexei Chataline, Harvey White, Matthew Dawes, Greg Gamble, Chris Ellis
AIMS: To review the number, characteristics and clinical management of suspected ACS patients admitted to cardiology and non-cardiology services at Auckland City Hospital, to assess differences between these services and to assess the number who would potentially be enrolled in the All New Zealand Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) Quality Improvement Programme (ANZACS-QI) database. METHODS: Auckland City Hospital patient data was extracted from the Australia and New Zealand ACS 'SNAPSHOT' audit, performed over 14 days in May 2012...
March 9, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483765/clinical-use-of-the-amplatzer-device-in-the-management-of-intracardiac-defects-a-single-center-experience
#15
Seema S Rao, Tyler L Scaff, John Gurley, Sibu Saha
Device therapy is a viable alternative to open heart surgery in the management of intracardiac defects. The Amplatzer septal occluder (ASO) is one such device that has been adapted to close a wide variety of cardiac defects with few complications and a high success rate. This is a retrospective review of all the patients who received the ASO between 2012 and 2016 at the University of Kentucky. In total, 169 patients underwent percutaneous closure of a septal defect with Amplatzer during the timeframe studied, and of those, 91% received the device for an atrial septal defect or patent foramen ovale...
March 2018: International Journal of Angiology: Official Publication of the International College of Angiology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474699/rationale-and-design-of-the-eacvi-afib-echo-europe-registry-for-assessing-relationships-of-echocardiographic-parameters-with-clinical-thrombo-embolic-and-bleeding-risk-profile-in-non-valvular-atrial-fibrillation
#16
Maurizio Galderisi, Erwan Donal, Julien Magne, Francesco Lo Iudice, Eustachio Agricola, Leyla Elif Sade, Matteo Cameli, Ehud Schwammenthal, Nuno Cardim, Bernard Cosyns, Andreas Hagendorff, Alexandar N Neskovic, Josè Luis Zamorano, Patrizio Lancellotti, Gilbert Habib, Thor Edvardsen, Bogdan A Popescu
The European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines for management of atrial fibrillation (AF) recommend the use of CHA2DS2VASc risk score for assessment of thromboembolic (TE) risk, whereas the stratification of bleeding risk should be obtained by HAS-Bleed to balance the most appropriate anticoagulation (OAC) therapy. However, men with CHA2DS2VASc score = 1 and women with CHA2DS2VASc = 2, who are at intermediate TE risk, represent a grey zone where guidelines do not provide a definite OAC indication...
March 1, 2018: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451444/survival-and-prognostic-factors-in-cats-with-restrictive-cardiomyopathy-a-review-of-90-cases
#17
Chiara Locatelli, Danitza Pradelli, Giulia Campo, Ilaria Spalla, Alice Savarese, Paola G Brambilla, Claudio Bussadori
Objectives Large studies focusing on restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM) in the cat are scarce. The aims of this retrospective study were to describe epidemiological characteristics and to analyse prognostic factors affecting survival in cats with RCM. Methods The clinical archives of the Gran Sasso Veterinary Clinic (Milan, Italy) and of the cardiology unit of the Department of Veterinary Medicine (University of Milan, Italy) from 1997-2015 were reviewed for all cats diagnosed with RCM based on an echocardiographic examination (left atrial/bi-atrial enlargement, normal left ventricle wall thickness, normal or mildly decreased systolic function and restrictive left ventricle filling pattern with pulsed Doppler echocardiography)...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445059/liver-cirrhosis-and-or-hepatocellular-carcinoma-occurring-late-after-the-fontan-procedure-a-nationwide-survey-in-japan
#18
Masanari Kuwabara, Koichiro Niwa, Tomohiko Toyoda, Takeaki Shirai, Shigeru Tateno, Hideo Ohuchi, Yasuhiko Tanaka, Fukiko Ichida, Tomoo Fujisawa, Teiji Akagi, Yoshiki Mori
BACKGROUND: Fontan-associated liver disease (FALD) is an important late complication involving liver dysfunction, such as liver cirrhosis (LC) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), in patients undergoing the Fontan procedure. However, the prevalence, clinical manifestation, and methods of diagnosis of FALD are still not well established.Methods and Results:This study comprised 2 nationwide surveys in Japan. First, the prevalence of LC and/or HCC in patients undergoing the Fontan procedure was determined...
March 23, 2018: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432303/utility-of-echocardiography-as-screening-for-late-onset-anthracycline-induced-cardiotoxicity-in-pediatric-cancer-survivors-observations-from-the-first-decade-after-end-of-therapy
#19
Diana J Moke, Lynn E Schubert, Heather Y Sun, Beth F Printz, Andrew C Dietz
Current screening guidelines are available for anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity. However, the utility of echocardiogram screening for late-onset anthracycline cardiotoxicity especially in the decade immediately after end of therapy is debatable. A retrospective chart review of patients seen in the Thriving after Cancer Clinic at Rady Children's Hospital January 2006 to December 2013 was performed. Treatment data, echocardiogram results, cardiology referral notes and cardiac medication data were abstracted from anthracycline-exposed survivors...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421014/use-of-echocardiography-in-outpatients-with-chest-pain-and-normal-resting-electrocardiograms-referred-to-mayo-clinic-rochester
#20
Raymond J Gibbons, Damita Carryer, Hongfang Liu, Peter A Brady, John Wells Askew, David Hodge, Naser Ammash, Jon O Ebbert, Veronique L Roger
OBJECTIVES: To determine how often unnecessary resting echocardiograms that are "not recommended" by clinical practice guidelines are performed in patients with stable chest pain and normal resting electrocardiograms (ECGs). BACKGROUND: There are scant data to indicate how often Class III recommendations are ignored in clinical practice. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We searched electronically all medical records of referral outpatients seen at Mayo Clinic Rochester from January 1, 2010, through December 31, 2013, to identify patients with stable chest pain and known or suspected coronary artery disease who underwent resting echocardiography and had normal resting ECGs and no other indication for echocardiography...
February 2018: American Heart Journal
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