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Echocardiography and clinical cardiology

Masaki Izumo, Yoshihiro J Akashi
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC) is newly-described secondary cardiomyopathy characterized by transient left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, which is increasingly recognized in the field of cardiology. TTC occurs in approximately 2% of the patients with acute coronary syndrome. Its onset is rare; however, its specific features play a crucial role in diagnosing the chest pain in clinical practice. TTC has generally favorable outcome with rapid recovery of LV function; however, an increasing evidence suggests that it should be regarded as a more serious acute cardiac disorder with a variety of complications...
February 2018: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
Tom Kai Ming Wang, Kok-Lam Chow, Aaron Lin, Alexei Chataline, Harvey White, Matthew Dawes, Greg Gamble, Chris Ellis
AIMS: To review the number, characteristics and clinical management of suspected ACS patients admitted to cardiology and non-cardiology services at Auckland City Hospital, to assess differences between these services and to assess the number who would potentially be enrolled in the All New Zealand Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) Quality Improvement Programme (ANZACS-QI) database. METHODS: Auckland City Hospital patient data was extracted from the Australia and New Zealand ACS 'SNAPSHOT' audit, performed over 14 days in May 2012...
March 9, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
Seema S Rao, Tyler L Scaff, John Gurley, Sibu Saha
Device therapy is a viable alternative to open heart surgery in the management of intracardiac defects. The Amplatzer septal occluder (ASO) is one such device that has been adapted to close a wide variety of cardiac defects with few complications and a high success rate. This is a retrospective review of all the patients who received the ASO between 2012 and 2016 at the University of Kentucky. In total, 169 patients underwent percutaneous closure of a septal defect with Amplatzer during the timeframe studied, and of those, 91% received the device for an atrial septal defect or patent foramen ovale...
March 2018: International Journal of Angiology: Official Publication of the International College of Angiology, Inc
Maurizio Galderisi, Erwan Donal, Julien Magne, Francesco Lo Iudice, Eustachio Agricola, Leyla Elif Sade, Matteo Cameli, Ehud Schwammenthal, Nuno Cardim, Bernard Cosyns, Andreas Hagendorff, Alexandar N Neskovic, Josè Luis Zamorano, Patrizio Lancellotti, Gilbert Habib, Thor Edvardsen, Bogdan A Popescu
The European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines for management of atrial fibrillation (AF) recommend the use of CHA2DS2VASc risk score for assessment of thromboembolic (TE) risk, whereas the stratification of bleeding risk should be obtained by HAS-Bleed to balance the most appropriate anticoagulation (OAC) therapy. However, men with CHA2DS2VASc score = 1 and women with CHA2DS2VASc = 2, who are at intermediate TE risk, represent a grey zone where guidelines do not provide a definite OAC indication...
March 1, 2018: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
Chiara Locatelli, Danitza Pradelli, Giulia Campo, Ilaria Spalla, Alice Savarese, Paola G Brambilla, Claudio Bussadori
Objectives Large studies focusing on restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM) in the cat are scarce. The aims of this retrospective study were to describe epidemiological characteristics and to analyse prognostic factors affecting survival in cats with RCM. Methods The clinical archives of the Gran Sasso Veterinary Clinic (Milan, Italy) and of the cardiology unit of the Department of Veterinary Medicine (University of Milan, Italy) from 1997-2015 were reviewed for all cats diagnosed with RCM based on an echocardiographic examination (left atrial/bi-atrial enlargement, normal left ventricle wall thickness, normal or mildly decreased systolic function and restrictive left ventricle filling pattern with pulsed Doppler echocardiography)...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Masanari Kuwabara, Koichiro Niwa, Tomohiko Toyoda, Takeaki Shirai, Shigeru Tateno, Hideo Ohuchi, Yasuhiko Tanaka, Fukiko Ichida, Tomoo Fujisawa, Teiji Akagi, Yoshiki Mori
BACKGROUND: Fontan-associated liver disease (FALD) is an important late complication involving liver dysfunction, such as liver cirrhosis (LC) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), in patients undergoing the Fontan procedure. However, the prevalence, clinical manifestation, and methods of diagnosis of FALD are still not well established.Methods and Results:This study comprised 2 nationwide surveys in Japan. First, the prevalence of LC and/or HCC in patients undergoing the Fontan procedure was determined...
February 14, 2018: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
Diana J Moke, Lynn E Schubert, Heather Y Sun, Beth F Printz, Andrew C Dietz
Current screening guidelines are available for anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity. However, the utility of echocardiogram screening for late-onset anthracycline cardiotoxicity especially in the decade immediately after end of therapy is debatable. A retrospective chart review of patients seen in the Thriving after Cancer Clinic at Rady Children's Hospital January 2006 to December 2013 was performed. Treatment data, echocardiogram results, cardiology referral notes and cardiac medication data were abstracted from anthracycline-exposed survivors...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
Raymond J Gibbons, Damita Carryer, Hongfang Liu, Peter A Brady, John Wells Askew, David Hodge, Naser Ammash, Jon O Ebbert, Veronique L Roger
OBJECTIVES: To determine how often unnecessary resting echocardiograms that are "not recommended" by clinical practice guidelines are performed in patients with stable chest pain and normal resting electrocardiograms (ECGs). BACKGROUND: There are scant data to indicate how often Class III recommendations are ignored in clinical practice. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We searched electronically all medical records of referral outpatients seen at Mayo Clinic Rochester from January 1, 2010, through December 31, 2013, to identify patients with stable chest pain and known or suspected coronary artery disease who underwent resting echocardiography and had normal resting ECGs and no other indication for echocardiography...
February 2018: American Heart Journal
Louis W Wang, Scott H Kesteven, Inken G Huttner, Michael P Feneley, Diane Fatkin
Echocardiography is an invaluable tool for characterizing cardiac structure and function in vivo. Technological advances in high-frequency ultrasound over the past 3 decades have increased spatial and temporal resolution, and facilitated many important clinical and basic science discoveries. Successful reverse translation of established echocardiographic techniques, including M-mode, B-mode, color Doppler, pulsed-wave Doppler, tissue Doppler and, most recently, myocardial deformation imaging, from clinical cardiology into the basic science laboratory has enabled researchers to achieve a deeper understanding of myocardial phenotypes in health and disease...
February 6, 2018: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
S Çetin, G Heper, M G Vural, T Hazirolan, F Tanrikulu, E Gülhan
Pericardial cysts are rare and benign lesions of the heart. They are usually asymptomatic and diagnosed incidentally on echocardiography or chest X-ray. In this report, we present an extremely rare case of a symptomatic giant pericardial cyst (11.6 cm × 10.6 cm × 8 cm) of a 55-year-old male patient who was admitted to our cardiology clinic. A thoracic computed tomography (CT) in 2013 revealed a giant pericardial cyst. However, at that time, the patient was asymptomatic and follow-up was recommended. Recent thoracic CT and magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a significantly growing feature of this cyst with impending possible complications...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Brit Long, Jennifer Robertson, Alex Koyfman, Kurian Maliel, Justin R Warix
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is an abnormal heart rhythm which may lead to stroke, heart failure, and death. Emergency physicians play a role in diagnosing AF, managing symptoms, and lessening complications from this dysrhythmia. OBJECTIVE: This review evaluates recent literature and addresses ED considerations in the management of AF. DISCUSSION: Emergency physicians should first assess patient clinical stability and evaluate and treat reversible causes...
January 30, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Jan Mrozek, Jana Petrova, Jana Vaclavkova, Vladimir Janovsky, Lubos Kraus, Pavel Jansa
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Thromboembolic disease is the third most common cardiovascular disorder and deep vein thrombosis carries the risk of pulmonary embolism (PE). Questions related to reperfusion after PE remain, especially risk factors. Incomplete reperfusion after PE is closely related to the development of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension. The aim of this study was to determine the relation between reperfusion after PE in the long term over a period of 24 months, laboratory results and clinical risk factors found during the initial PE event...
January 24, 2018: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
Masao Daimon, Makoto Akaishi, Toshihiko Asanuma, Shuji Hashimoto, Chisato Izumi, Shiro Iwanaga, Hiroya Kawai, Hiroyuki Toide, Akihiro Hayashida, Hirotsugu Yamada, Mitsushige Murata, Yutaka Hirano, Kengo Suzuki, Satoshi Nakatani
Echocardiography plays a pivotal role as an imaging modality in the modern cardiology practice. Information derived from echocardiography is definitely helpful for a patient care. The Japanese Society of Echocardiography has promoted echocardiography for a routine clinical and research use. One of the missions of the Society is to provide information that is useful for high-quality examinations. To ensure it, we believe equipment in good conditions and a comfortable environment are important for both a patient and an examiner...
January 23, 2018: Journal of Echocardiography
Michaela B Rehman, Rodrigue Garcia, Luc Christiaens, Elisa Larrieu-Ardilouze, Luke S Howard, Petros Nihoyannopoulos
BACKGROUND: Right ventricular function is the major determinant of morbidity and mortality in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). The ESC risk assessment strategy for PAH is based on clinical status, exercise testing, NTproBNP, imaging and haemodynamics but does not include right ventricular function. Our aims were to test the power of resting echocardiographic measurements to classify PAH patients according to ESC exercise testing risk stratification cut-offs and to determine if the classification power of echocardiographic parameters varied in chronic thrombo-embolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH)...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Benoy N Shah, Anita MacNab, Jane Lynch, Reinette Hampson, Roxy Senior, Richard P Steeds
Stress echocardiography is a widely utilised test in patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease (CAD), valvular heart disease and cardiomyopathies. Its advantages include the ubiquitous availability of echocardiography, lack of ionising radiation, choice of physiological or pharmacological stressors, good diagnostic accuracy and robust supporting evidence base. SE has evolved significantly as a technique over the past three decades and has benefitted considerably from improvements in overall image quality (superior resolution), machine technology (e...
January 22, 2018: Echo Research and Practice
Shinichi Minagoe
The three EBMs in the title refer to the following concepts: evidence-based medicine, experience-based medicine, and echo-based medicine. Evidence-based medicine: I have carried out the following clinical research using transthoracic Doppler echocardiography: (1) noninvasive pulsed-wave Doppler echocardiographic detection of the direction of shunt flow in patients with atrial septal defect: usefulness of the right parasternal approach (1985), (2) significance of laminar systolic regurgitant flow in patients with tricuspid regurgitation: a combined pulsed-wave, continuous-wave, and two-dimensional echocardiography (1990), (3) obstruction of the inferior vena caval orifice by the giant left atrium in patients with mitral stenosis: a Doppler echocardiographic study from the right parasternal approach (1992), and (4) demonstration of a localized acceleration flow signal in the transmural penetrating coronary artery using transthoracic color and pulsed-wave Doppler echocardiography in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (1996-2017)...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Echocardiography
Pupalan Iyngkaran, Nagesh S Anavekar, Christopher Neil, Liza Thomas, David L Hare
The symptom cluster of shortness of breath (SOB) contributes significantly to the outpatient workload of cardiology services. The workup of these patients includes blood chemistry and biomarkers, imaging and functional testing of the heart and lungs. A diagnosis of diastolic heart failure is inferred through the exclusion of systolic abnormalities, a normal pulmonary function test and normal hemoglobin, coupled with diastolic abnormalities on echocardiography. Differentiating confounders such as obesity or deconditioning in a patient with diastolic abnormalities is difficult...
December 26, 2017: World Journal of Methodology
Sebastian Greiner, Andreas Jud, Matthias Aurich, Christoph Geisenberger, Lorenz Uhlmann, Thomas Hilbel, Meinhard Kieser, Hugo A Katus, Derliz Mereles
BACKGROUND: The clinical relevance of non-invasively derived pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP) by Doppler echocardiography (DE) has been questioned in the past. However, transthoracic echocardiography is used as a cornerstone examination for patients with dyspnea and suspected pulmonary hypertension (PH). This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of non-invasive assessed PAP in a large population of patients with known or suspected cardiopulmonary disease. METHODS: The analyses are based on data of patients of a tertiary cardiology center that received right heart catheterization (RHC) as well as non-invasively assessed PAP by DE within five days, and includes serological and clinical parameters in a retrospective follow-up for up to eight years...
2018: PloS One
Rogier F Kievit, Aisha Gohar, Arno W Hoes, Michiel L Bots, Evelien Es van Riet, Yvonne van Mourik, Loes Cm Bertens, Leandra Jm Boonman-de Winter, Hester M den Ruijter, Frans H Rutten
Background Prevalence of undetected heart failure in older individuals is high in the community, with patients being at increased risk of morbidity and mortality due to the chronic and progressive nature of this complex syndrome. An essential, yet currently unavailable, strategy to pre-select candidates eligible for echocardiography to confirm or exclude heart failure would identify patients earlier, enable targeted interventions and prevent disease progression. The aim of this study was therefore to develop and validate such a model that can be implemented clinically...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Josef Finsterer, Claudia Stöllberger
Objectives: According to recent publications, some patients with spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (BSMA) develop cardiac disease, manifesting as ST-segment abnormalities, Brugada-syndrome, dilative cardiomyopathy, or sudden cardiac death. Here we present neurological and cardiac data of a BSMA patient who was followed up for 10 y. Case report: In a male patient aged 47 y, BSMA was diagnosed at age 37 y upon the typical clinical presentation (postural tremor since age 12 y, dysarthria since age 15 y, muscle cramps since age 29 y, general myalgias since age 32 y, general fasciculations since age 34 y, myoclonic jerks, easy fatigability, dyspnea upon exercise since age 36 y) and a CAG-repeat expansion of 47 ± 1 repeats in the androgen-receptor gene detected at age 37 y...
March 2018: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
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