keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Echocardiography and clinical cardiology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541602/three-dimensional-printing-in-cardiology-current-applications-and-future-challenges
#1
Hongxing Luo, Jarosław Meyer-Szary, Zhongmin Wang, Robert Sabiniewicz, Yuhao Liu
Three-dimensional (3D) printing has attracted a huge interest in recent years. Broadly speaking, it refers to the technology which converts a predesigned virtual model to a touchable object. In clinical medicine, it usually converts a series of two-dimensional medical images acquired through computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging or 3D echocardiography into a physical model. Medical 3D printing consists of three main steps: image acquisition, virtual reconstruction and 3D manufacturing. It is a promising tool for preoperative evaluation, medical device design, hemodynamic simulation and medical education, it is also likely to reduce operative risk and increase operative success...
May 25, 2017: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536728/neonatologist-performed-point-of-care-functional-echocardiography-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#2
Woei Bing Poon, Keng Yean Wong
Functional echocardiography (fECHO) refers to a bedside, limited assessment of the ductus arteriosus, myocardial performance and pulmonary or systemic haemodynamics that is brief in nature and addresses a specific clinical question or management dilemma. This point-of-care ultrasonography is increasingly used internationally and locally among neonatal units to assist with management of neonatal haemodynamic conditions. This article intends to explain the modality, its indications, interpretation and implications for management, and how it impacts long-term outcomes, particularly in chronic lung disease for premature infants born before 32 weeks of gestation...
May 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523319/amyloidosis-a-rare-cause-of-refractory-heart-failure-in-a-young-female
#3
Irina Iuliana Costache, Claudia Florida Costea, Mihai Danciu, Victor Vlad Costan, Viviana Aursulesei, Gabriela FlorenŢa Dumitrescu, Mihaela Dana Turliuc, Anca Sava
Cardiac amyloidosis may occur in any type of systemic amyloidosis. The clinical picture is often characterized by restrictive cardiomyopathy. We report the case of a 41-year-old female patient admitted to the Department of Cardiology with clinical signs of right heart failure: congested jugular veins, hepatomegaly, peripheral edema, ascites associated with atrial fibrillation, low values of arterial blood pressure and oliguria. Echocardiographic findings were helpful for the diagnosis of cardiac amyloidosis: enlarged atrial cavities, normal size ventricles, thickened ventricular septum and posterior left ventricle wall with normal left ventricular ejection fraction, mitral and tricuspid regurgitation...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506578/-congenital-heart-disease-in-adolescents-and-adults-management-in-a-general-cardiology-department-in-senegal
#4
A Mbaye, M Bodian, A A Ngaïdé, H Abdourafiq, M C B O Leye, S Savodogo, F Aw, M Ndiaye, I Kouamé, K Babaka, M Dioum, N D Gaye, S A Sarr, M B Ndiaye, A D Kane, A Kane
BACKGROUND: Congenital heart diseases in adults include malformations treated in childhood that decompensate secondarily and those asymptomatic at birth, appear later. This study aims to identify congenital heart diseases in adults in general cardiology department of Senegal and to assess clinical presentations, treatment and outcomes. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional and descriptive study based on the records of patients aged at least 16 years and followed for congenital heart disease in the cardiology department of the General Hospital of Grand-Yoff in Dakar between May 2003 and March 2015...
May 12, 2017: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501373/evaluating-appropriate-use-of-pediatric-echocardiograms-for-chest-pain-in-outpatient-clinics
#5
Reid C Chamberlain, Jonathan H Pelletier, Sarah Blanchard, Christoph P Hornik, Kevin D Hill, Michael J Campbell
BACKGROUND: Echocardiography is often used in the evaluation of pediatric chest pain, but the incidence of cardiac pathology is low. In 2014, the American College of Cardiology published appropriate use criteria (AUC) for echocardiography including recommendations for pediatric chest pain. We evaluated the frequency and diagnostic yield of echocardiograms performed for each AUC indication and cost associated with echocardiograms performed for indications meeting the "rarely appropriate" criteria...
May 10, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460759/utility-of-physical-examination-and-comparison-to-echocardiography-for-cardiac-diagnosis
#6
Ashish Patel, Nitin Singh Tomar, Anil Bharani
OBJECTIVE: To find out the accuracy of cardiac auscultation using non-digital stethoscope in physical diagnosis of cardiac diseases. METHODS: We enrolled 104 consecutive patients with abnormal cardiac auscultatory findings attending cardiology clinic and not previously evaluated by echocardiography. One time detailed cardiac physical examination followed by echocardiography within 1 month was undertaken. Agreement between two methods was calculated using mean pair percentage agreement, kappa statistics (κ) and calculation of 95% confidence interval (CI) for kappa statistics...
March 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451089/the-significance-of-the-left-atrial-volume-index-in-prediction-of-atrial-fibrillation-recurrence-after-electrical-cardioversion
#7
Mehrnoush Toufan, Babak Kazemi, Negin Molazadeh
Introduction: Electrical cardioversion (ECV) is a safe method for the treatment of atrial fibrillation. It seems that left atrial volume index (LAVI) could be a good marker in predicting the success of ECV. The purpose of this study is to assess of the significance of LAVI measurement before ECV in predicting the recurrence of the AF. Methods: Fifty-one patients with AF, selected for ECV were studied in the cardiology department of Tabriz University of medical sciences. The clinical and demographic data of all the patients were obtained...
2017: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441030/measuring-cardiac-output-during-cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing
#8
Carlo Vignati, Gaia Cattadori
Cardiac output is a key parameter in the assessment of cardiac function, and its measurement is fundamental to the diagnosis, treatment, and prognostic evaluation of all heart diseases. Until recently, cardiac output determination during exercise had been only possible through invasive methods, which were not practical in the clinical setting. Since oxygen uptake (V.O2) is cardiac output times arteriovenous content difference [C(a-v)O2)], evaluation of cardiac output is usually included its measurement. Because of the difficulty of directly measuring peak exercise cardiac output, indirect surrogate parameters have been proposed, but with only modest clinical usefulness...
April 25, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425226/a-review-of-pediatric-pulmonary-hypertension-with-new-guidelines
#9
Serdar Kula, Ayhan Pektaş
This study aims to review pediatric pulmonary hypertension (PH) by comparing the guidelines of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC)/European Respiratory Society (ERS), the American Heart Association (AHA)/American Thoracic Society (ATS), and the European Pediatric Pulmonary Vascular Disease Network (EPPVDN). All three sets of guidelines define PH as having a mean pulmonary artery pressure of ≥25 mmHg and accept the validity of the World Health Organization (WHO) classification system. Every child with a high index of suspicion for PH should undergo an initial work-up of chest X-rays, electrocardiography, and echocardiography...
April 18, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419035/clinical-practice-guidelines-decrease-unnecessary-echocardiograms-before-hip-fracture-surgery
#10
Chris Adair, Eric Swart, Rachel Seymour, Joshua Patt, Madhav A Karunakar
BACKGROUND: Preoperative assessment of geriatric patients with a hip fracture may include transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), which increases resource utilization and cost and may delay surgery. The purpose of this study was to evaluate preoperative TTE utilization at a single institution in order to determine (1) how often TTE is ordered in accordance with clinical practice guidelines (CPGs), (2) how frequently TTE reveals cardiac disease that may alter medical or anesthesia management, and (3) whether following CPGs reduces unnecessary TTE utilization without potentially missing important disease...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414667/the-mysterious-case-of-dyspnea
#11
S Saad, N Turaga, J Grant, N Jain
INTRODUCTION: Dehiscence of a mitral valve annuloplasty ring is a rare occurrence that often manifests as mitral regurgitation and heart failure. We present a case of mitral ring dehiscence which was initially unrecognized by standard 2-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (2D TTE); and 2-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (2D TEE);. CASE: A 65-year-old woman was referred to Cardiology clinic for evaluation of dyspnea. Her history included tobacco abuse, atrial fibrillation status post pulmonary vein isolation, nonischemic cardiomyopathy, and prior mitral valve repair with annuloplasty ring for rheumatic valvular disease...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412852/transitional-hemodynamics-in-infants-of-diabetic-mothers-by-targeted-neonatal-echocardiography-electrocardiography-and-peripheral-flow-study
#12
Ingrid Anne Mandy Schierz, Giuseppa Pinello, Ettore Piro, Mario Giuffrè, Simona La Placa, Giovanni Corsello
OBJECTIVE: Metabolic alterations of intrauterine environment in diabetes mellitus (DM) lead to fetal cardiac dysfunctions that can persist after birth. The aim of the study was to assess the cardiovascular adaptation in infants born to diabetic mothers (IDM) with different degrees of glycometabolic control, in relation to revised guidelines for diagnosis of DM and quality improvements in neonatal care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An observational case-control study was conducted on IDM with gestational, type 1 and type 2 DM...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395286/heart-failure-with-preserved-and-reduced-ejection-fraction-in-hemodialysis-patients-prevalence-disease-prediction-and-prognosis
#13
Marlies Antlanger, Stefan Aschauer, Chantal Kopecky, Manfred Hecking, Johannes J Kovarik, Johannes Werzowa, Julia Mascherbauer, Bernd Genser, Marcus D Säemann, Diana Bonderman
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Heart failure (HF) is a main cause of mortality of hemodialysis (HD) patients. While HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) is known to only affect a minority of patients, little is known about the prevalence, associations with clinical characteristics and prognosis of HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). METHODS: We included 105 maintenance HD patients from the Medical University of Vienna into this prospective single-center cohort study and determined the prevalence of HFpEF (per the 2013 criteria of the European Society of Cardiology) and HFrEF (EF <45%), using standardized post-HD transthoracic echocardiography...
2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382081/changes-in-strain-pattern-and-exercise-capacity-after-transcatheter-closure-of-atrial-septal-defects
#14
Jung Yoon Kim, Bong-Sic Yun, Sunho Lee, Se Yong Jung, Jae Young Choi, Nam Kyun Kim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Assessment of left ventricle (LV) function by using strain and strain rate is popular in the clinical setting. However, the use of these echocardiographic tools in assessing right ventricle (RV) failure, and the manner in which they both reflect the functional capacity of the patient, remains poorly understood. This study aimed to investigate the change in exercise capacity and strain between before and (1 month) after the transcatheter closure of atrial septal defects (ASDs)...
March 2017: Korean Circulation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357825/the-prevalence-of-electrocardiogram-abnormalities-in-professional-divers
#15
Ali Erdal Gunes, Maide Cimsit
BACKGROUND: The underwater environment presents physiological challenges for the cardiovascular, renal and pulmonary systems. Increases in external hydrostatic pressure reduce the capacity of the venous compartment and cause blood to move toward the lung. The aim of this study was to evaluate retrospectively electrocardiographic (ECG) changes in a cohort of professional divers. METHODS: Between January 2009 and January 2012, 225 randomly selected professional divers, 204 male (91%) and 21 female (9%) attended our clinic for their biannual diving medical assessment...
March 2017: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329307/eacvi-appropriateness-criteria-for-the-use-of-transthoracic-echocardiography-in-adults-a-report-of-literature-and-current-practice-review
#16
Richard P Steeds, Madalina Garbi, Nuno Cardim, Jaroslaw D Kasprzak, Elif Sade, Petros Nihoyannopoulos, Bogdan Alexandru Popescu, Alexandros Stefanidis, Bernard Cosyns, Mark Monaghan, Svend Aakhus, Thor Edvardsen, Frank Flachskampf, Leonarda Galiuto, George Athanassopoulos, Patrizio Lancellotti
The European Association for Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI) has outlined the rationale for setting appropriate use criteria (AUC) in cardiovascular (CV) imaging. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is the most common imaging modality in CV disease and is a central tool in diagnosis, follow-up, management planning and intervention. The purpose of AUC is to inform referrers, both to avoid under-use, which may result in incomplete or incorrect diagnosis and treatment, and also over-use, which may delay correct diagnosis, lead to 'treatment cascade', and wastes resources...
February 25, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303211/real-time-three-dimensional-echocardiography-characterization-of-cardiac-anatomy-and-function-current-clinical-applications-and-literature-review-update
#17
REVIEW
Omar Velasco, Morgan Q Beckett, Aaron W James, Megan N Loehr, Taylor G Lewis, Tahmin Hassan, Rajesh Janardhanan
Our review of real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) discusses the diagnostic utility of RT3DE and provides a comparison with two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE) in clinical cardiology. A Pubmed literature search on RT3DE was performed using the following key words: transthoracic, two-dimensional, three-dimensional, real-time, and left ventricular (LV) function. Articles included perspective clinical studies and meta-analyses in the English language, and focused on the role of RT3DE in human subjects...
2017: BioResearch Open Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265967/acc-aats-aha-ase-asnc-scai-scct-sts-2016-appropriate-use-criteria-for-coronary-revascularization-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndromes-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-appropriate-use-criteria-task-force-american-association-for-thoracic-surgery
#18
Manesh R Patel, John H Calhoon, Gregory J Dehmer, James Aaron Grantham, Thomas M Maddox, David J Maron, Peter K Smith
The American College of Cardiology, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, Society of Thoracic Surgeons, and American Association for Thoracic Surgery, along with key specialty and subspecialty societies, have completed a 2-part revision of the appropriate use criteria (AUC) for coronary revascularization. In prior coronary revascularization AUC documents, indications for revascularization in acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and stable ischemic heart disease were combined into 1 document. To address the expanding clinical indications for coronary revascularization, and in an effort to align the subject matter with the most current American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines, the new AUC for coronary artery revascularization were separated into 2 documents addressing ACS and stable ischemic heart disease individually...
April 2017: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259302/temporal-trends-in-utilization-of-transthoracic-echocardiography-for-common-outpatient-pediatric-cardiology-diagnoses-over-the-past-15%C3%A2-years
#19
Ritu Sachdeva, Curtis D Travers, Courtney E McCracken, Cyrus Samai, Robert M Campbell, Timothy C Slesnick, William L Border
BACKGROUND: No data exist regarding the temporal trends in utilization of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) in an outpatient pediatric cardiology setting. This study evaluates the trends in utilization of TTE for common diagnoses known to have low diagnostic yield and the factors influencing these trends. METHODS: Patients evaluated at our pediatric cardiology clinics from January 2000 to December 2014 and discharged with final diagnoses of innocent murmur, noncardiac chest pain, benign syncope, and palpitations were included...
March 2017: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243397/effect-of-fluoxetine-administration-on-clinical-and-echocardiographic-findings-in-patients-with-mitral-valve-prolapse-and-generalized-anxiety-disorder-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Reza Jafarzadeh Esfehani, Homan Kamranian, Majid Jalalyazdi
BACKGROUND: Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is accompanied by mental disorders including anxiety, which has similar presentations as MVP. It is hypothesised that treatment of anxiety might reduce the symptoms of MVP. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the clinical and echocardiographic effects of fluoxetine administration in patients with MVP and anxiety. METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was conducted on patients with documented MVP and generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) who were referred to Mashhad University of Medical Sciences cardiology clinics, Mashhad, Iran in 2015...
January 2017: Electronic Physician
keyword
keyword
29604
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"