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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778052/self-reported-nonsuicidal-self-injury-nssi-and-sex-as-self-injury-sasi-relationship-to-abuse-risk-behaviors-trauma-symptoms-self-esteem-and-attachment
#1
Maria Zetterqvist, Carl Göran Svedin, Cecilia Fredlund, Gisela Priebe, Marie Wadsby, Linda S Jonsson
This study focuses on a conceptually unexplored behavior among adolescents who report deliberately using sex as a means of self-injury. In a large high school-based sample (n = 5743), adolescents who engaged in sex as self-injury (SASI, n = 43) were compared to adolescents who reported direct nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI, n = 933) and those who reported both NSSI and SASI (n = 82). Results showed that significantly more adolescents with SASI had experience of penetrating sexual abuse, as well as more sexual partners compared to those with NSSI...
May 7, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762064/mobile-apps-for-self-injury-a-content-analysis
#2
Aaron M Vieira, Stephen P Lewis
A growing body of research points to the salience of the Internet and mobile material among individuals who self-injure. However, to date, no research has investigated the mobile apps related to nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI). Such information would clarify which apps may be useful for those who self-injure while highlighting whether app-related content warrants improvement. The current study examined the content and usability of NSSI apps available on the two largest app-related platforms (Google Play and iTunes)...
May 2018: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753432/-links-between-self-harm-and-suicidal-behaviour-in-adolescents
#3
Salomé Grandclerc, Jonathan Lachal
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicidal behaviour (SB) are both important issues in adolescent health care. The fact that they frequently coexist means that it is important to consider the nature of the link between them and the ways they are understood. Suicide and self-injury share the same risk factors. Integrated models envisage NSSI as a gateway enabling teenagers to acquire a capability for suicide. The act short-circuits the thought process and the intention to die underlying the act appears difficult to assess...
May 2018: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729685/common-genetic-contributions-to-high-risk-trauma-exposure-and-self-injurious-thoughts-and-behaviors
#4
Leah S Richmond-Rakerd, Timothy J Trull, Ian R Gizer, Kristin McLaughlin, Emily M Scheiderer, Elliot C Nelson, Arpana Agrawal, Michael T Lynskey, Pamela A F Madden, Andrew C Heath, Dixie J Statham, Nicholas G Martin
BACKGROUND: Prior research has documented shared heritable contributions to non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicidal ideation (SI) as well as NSSI and suicide attempt (SA). In addition, trauma exposure has been implicated in risk for NSSI and suicide. Genetically informative studies are needed to determine common sources of liability to all three self-injurious thoughts and behaviors, and to clarify the nature of their associations with traumatic experiences. METHODS: Multivariate biometric modeling was conducted using data from 9526 twins [59% female, mean age = 31...
May 6, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727762/number-and-violence-of-suicide-attempt-methods-a-preliminary-investigation-of-the-associations-with-fearlessness-of-suicide-and-fearlessness-about-death
#5
Jami M Gauthier, David W Hollingsworth, Courtney L Bagge
The Interpersonal Psychological Theory of Suicide (IPTS) proposes that to attempt suicide one must not only desire death, but must also have acquired the capability to act on that desire. The IPTS states capability for suicide can be acquired through exposure to painful and provocative events, with events most closely related to suicide (e.g., non-fatal attempt) having the strongest effects on capability. We tested the effects of two aspects of suicide attempt history-number and violence of methods-on acquired capability, operationalized as both fearlessness about death and fearlessness of suicide, in a sample of psychiatric inpatients with a history of multiple suicide attempts...
April 26, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709788/perceived-effectiveness-of-nssi-in-achieving-functions-on-severity-and-suicide-risk
#6
Amy M Brausch, Jennifer J Muehlenkamp
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) continues to be a psychiatric problem for youth and young adults, and is a robust risk factor for suicidal thoughts and behaviors. Research has established that NSSI is motivated by intrapersonal and interpersonal functions; however, research on the perceived effectiveness of NSSI for achieving the desired functions is lacking. In the current study, it was expected that using NSSI to achieve intrapersonal functions would be rated as more effective than interpersonal functions, and that perceived effectiveness of NSSI would be differentially related to NSSI severity and suicide risk outcomes...
April 19, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697881/the-dsm-5-nonsuicidal-self-injury-disorder-among-incoming-college-students-prevalence-and-associations-with-12-month-mental-disorders-and-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviors
#7
Glenn Kiekens, Penelope Hasking, Laurence Claes, Philippe Mortier, Randy P Auerbach, Mark Boyes, Pim Cuijpers, Koen Demyttenaere, Jennifer G Green, Ronald C Kessler, Matthew K Nock, Ronny Bruffaerts
BACKGROUND: Approximately one in five college students report a history of nonsuicidal self-injury. However, it is unclear how many students meet criteria for the recently proposed DSM-5 nonsuicidal self-injury disorder (NSSI-D). In this study, we used full NSSI-D criteria to identify those students most in need of clinical care. METHODS: Using data from the Leuven College Surveys (n = 4,565), we examined the 12-month prevalence of DSM-5 NSSI-D in a large and representative sample of incoming college students...
April 26, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689691/a-meta-analysis-of-the-prevalence-of-different-functions-of-non-suicidal-self-injury
#8
REVIEW
Peter J Taylor, Khowla Jomar, Katie Dhingra, Rebecca Forrester, Ujala Shahmalak, Joanne M Dickson
BACKGROUND: A broad variety of different functions can underlie acts of Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). Whilst research so far has identified many of the commonly reported functions, no reliable estimates of prevalence currently exist for these different NSSI functions. Understanding the prevalence of NSSI functions represents a key to better understanding the phenomenology of NSSI and addressing the differing needs of the NSSI population. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the prevalence of NSSI functions in community and clinical samples...
February 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679850/non-suicidal-self-injury-in-patients-with-eating-disorders-prevalence-forms-functions-and-body-image-correlates
#9
Sandra Pérez, Jos H Marco, Montse Cañabate
INTRODUCTION: More than one third of patients with eating disorders report NSSI. Moreover, negative attitudes and feelings toward the body, body dissatisfaction, and body image disturbances have been linked to NSSI in community and clinical samples. However, there is a lack of studies exploring NSSI frequency and functions and the specific relationship between multidimensional body image dimensions and NSSI in eating disorder patients. OBJECTIVES: First, we explored the frequency, types, and functions of NSSI in a sample of 226 Spanish female participants with eating disorders (ED)...
April 12, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665561/the-functions-and-addictive-features-of-non-suicidal-self-injury-a-confirmatory-factor-analysis-of-the-ottawa-self-injury-inventory-in-a-university-sample
#10
Camille Guérin-Marion, Jodi Martin, Audrey-Ann Deneault, Marie-France Lafontaine, Jean-François Bureau
The Ottawa Self-Injury Inventory (OSI) is a comprehensive self-report measure of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). In an effort to build on past research and further validate the OSI, this study presents a confirmatory factor analysis of the OSI's subscales measuring the functions and addictive features of NSSI using a university sample. Participants were 316 university students aged 17-25 years (84.8% female) who had engaged in NSSI at least once in their lifetime. Consistent with past research, results confirmed the four-factor structure of the Functions items (Internal Emotion Regulation, Social Influence, External Emotion Regulation, Sensation Seeking), as well as the single-factor structure of Addictive Features items...
April 7, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665047/neural-reward-responsiveness-in-children-who-engage-in-nonsuicidal-self-injury-an-erp-study
#11
Aliona Tsypes, Max Owens, Greg Hajcak, Brandon E Gibb
BACKGROUND: A better understanding of the correlates of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) in children is important for the identification and prevention of future suicide risk. However, although abnormalities in reward responsiveness might constitute one potential transdiagnostic mechanism of risk for NSSI, no studies have examined initial response to reward in children with a history of NSSI. The goal of the present study was to address this important gap in the literature. To objectively assess initial response to reward, we utilized the feedback negativity (FN) event-related potential, a well-established psychophysiological marker of reward responsiveness...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651223/the-mediating-role-of-self-criticism-in-the-relationship-between-parental-expressed-emotion-and-nssi
#12
Brooke A Ammerman, Seth Brown
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is found at high rates among adolescents and young adults and is associated with many negative consequences, warranting additional research. Two factors that may contribute to NSSI during this time period are one's levels of self-criticism and perceptions of their parental relationships; however, these relationships have received limited attention. The purpose of this current study was to address this gap in the literature. Adolescents and young adults (n=294) completed measures of perceived parental expressed emotion, self-criticism, and NSSI...
March 2018: Current Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593617/the-role-of-difficulty-in-identifying-and-describing-feelings-in-non-suicidal-self-injury-behavior-nssi-associations-with-perceived-attachment-quality-stressful-life-events-and-suicidal-ideation
#13
Rita Cerutti, Antonio Zuffianò, Valentina Spensieri
Objective: Core alexithymic features, such as the difficulty in identifying and describing feelings, are associated with poor attachment styles and emotional trauma, which influence the capacity to regulate affect. Additionally, emotional regulation has been found to be the most commonly identified function associated with non-suicidal self-injury behavior (NSSI) in adolescents as they attempt to modulate strong emotions. However, few studies have examined the link between difficulty in identifying and describing feelings (core components of alexithymia), NSSI behaviors, quality of attachment, life stressors and suicidal ideation in healthy early adolescents...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578277/understanding-the-pathways-from-depression-to-suicidal-risk-from-the-perspective-of-the-interpersonal-psychological-theory-of-suicide
#14
Nan Kang, Jianing You, Jiyi Huang, Yaxuan Ren, Min-Pei Lin, Sian Xu
Suicide is a major public health concern, especially in adolescence. Identifying risk factors for suicide is important to effectively prevent such behavior. Depression is one of the most widely examined risk factors for suicidal risk. How depression and suicidal risk are related, however, is still not clear. This study tested a model with three key constructs of the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behavior (IPTS)-perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness, and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI)-as mediators in the relationship between depression and suicidal risk among Chinese adolescents...
March 26, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577836/-boy-crisis-or-girl-risk-the-gender-difference-in-nonsuicidal-self-injurious-behavior-among-middle-school-students-in-china-and-its-relationship-to-gender-role-conflict-and-violent-experiences
#15
Xueyan Yang, Moye Xin
PURPOSE: We attempted to test if there were gender differences in nonsuicidal self-injurious (NSSI) behaviors among Chinese middle-school students, and analyze the impact of gender role conflict and violent experiences on these behaviors among middle-school students of different genders. METHOD: Based on the survey data from seven middle schools in Xi'an region of China, the gender difference in NSSI behaviors and its associated factors were analyzed in this study...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574356/use-of-ecological-momentary-assessment-ema-in-non-suicidal-self-injury-nssi-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Lucía Rodríguez-Blanco, Juan J Carballo, Enrique Baca-García
Conceptualization and assessment of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) has evolved substantially in recent years. In both cross-sectional and longitudinal studies, NSSI and its related variables have traditionally been assessed retrospectively, leading to less precise studies of the mechanisms involved in the maintenance, cessation, or aggravation of this behavior. Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) enables real-time collection of patient states, which can be very useful in the study of the mechanisms implied in this behavior...
February 27, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529508/the-unique-contribution-of-acceptance-without-judgment-in-predicting-nonsuicidal-self-injury-after-20-weeks-of-dialectical-behaviour-therapy-group-skills-training
#17
Lillian H Krantz, Shelley McMain, Janice R Kuo
The current research tested whether four dimensions of mindfulness - acceptance without judgment, observing, describing and acting with awareness - predicted frequency of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and mediate the relationship with NSSI outcomes during 20-weeks of Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT) skills training for borderline personality disorder (BPD). Eighty-four self-harming individuals with BPD were randomized to either DBT skills training or to a waitlist control group. A series of regressions revealed no relationship between dimensions of mindfulness and NSSI at baseline...
May 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522914/nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-community-adolescents-a-systematic-review-of-prospective-predictors-mediators-and-moderators
#18
REVIEW
Fatima Valencia-Agudo, Georgina Corbet Burcher, Lourdes Ezpeleta, Tami Kramer
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) usually starts during adolescence and is associated with an array of psychological and psychiatric symptoms and future suicide attempts. The aim of this study is to determine prospective predictors, mediators and moderators of NSSI in adolescent community samples in order to target prevention and treatment strategies. Two team members searched online databases independently. Thirty-nine studies were included in the review. Several variables were seen to prospectively predict NSSI: female gender, family-related variables, peer victimisation, depression, previous NSSI and self-concept...
June 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521070/non-suicidal-self-injury-nssi-and-suicidal-criteria-differentiation
#19
REVIEW
Joanna Halicka, Andrzej Kiejna
There are 2 types of basic self-destructive behavior: suicide and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). Currently, more and more researchers point out significant disorders which are NSSI behavior. This phenomenon is not new; NSSI seemingly has always been present in society, and certainly in approx. 10% of the population worldwide in recent times. Despite the enormous scale of the phenomenon, so far it has been overlooked and marginalized. They were considered transient behavior, typical of adolescence, a part of youthful rebellion...
February 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514726/sporadic-and-recurrent-non-suicidal-self-injury-before-age-14-and-incident-onset-of-psychiatric-disorders-by-17-years-prospective-cohort-study
#20
Paul O Wilkinson, Tianyou Qiu, Sharon Neufeld, Peter B Jones, Ian M Goodyer
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is highly prevalent in adolescents and may be a behavioural marker for emergent mental illnesses. Aims To determine whether sporadic or recurrent NSSI up to the age of 14 years predicted increased risk of new onset of psychiatric disorder in the subsequent 3 years, independent of psychiatric symptoms and social risk factors. METHOD: In total, 945 individuals aged 14 years with no past/present history of mental illness completed a clinical interview and completed a questionnaire about NSSI at the ages of 14 and 17 years...
April 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
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