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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928071/a-behavioral-and-cognitive-neuroscience-perspective-on-impulsivity-suicide-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-meta-analysis-and-recommendations-for-future-research
#1
REVIEW
Richard T Liu, Zoë M Trout, Evelyn M Hernandez, Shayna M Cheek, Nimesha Gerlus
We conducted a meta-analysis of neurobehavioral and neurocognitive indices of impulsivity in relation to suicidal thoughts and behaviors, as well as non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). In our systematic review, 34 studies were identified and submitted to a random-effects meta-analysis. A small pooled effect size was observed for the association between behavioral impulsivity and NSSI (OR=1.34, p<0.05). A small-to-medium pooled effect size (OR=2.23, p<0.001) was found for the association between behavioral impulsivity and suicide attempts, and a medium-to-large pooled effect size was observed for this outcome in relation to cognitive impulsivity (OR=3...
September 16, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927161/needlestick-and-sharp-injuries-among-registered-nurses-a-case-control-study
#2
Gabriele d'Ettorre
Objectives: The prevention of needlestick and sharp injuries (NSSIs) among registered nurses (RNs) employed in hospital wards represents an important issue. Accidental contact with blood, consequent to NSSIs, is the most frequent form of exposure to blood-borne pathogens that can be transmitted by accidental exposure. Aims: This study investigates the relationship occurring between consecutive workdays, night-shifts, cumulative hours, forward-rotating shift schedules (morning-afternoon-night), and occupational NSSIs frequency...
June 1, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925016/wall-object-punching-an-important-but-under-recognized-form-of-nonsuicidal-self-injury
#3
Nathan A Kimbrel, Shaun P Thomas, Terrell A Hicks, Michael A Hertzberg, Carolina P Clancy, Eric B Elbogen, Eric C Meyer, Bryann B DeBeer, Georgina M Gross, Paul J Silvia, Sandra B Morissette, Kim L Gratz, Patrick S Calhoun, Jean C Beckham
The present research investigated wall/object punching as a form of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) among 1,143 veterans seeking treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Wall/object punching was remarkably common in this sample (43%), and its inclusion in the definition of NSSI increased estimated prevalence of recent NSSI by 14%. As expected, wall/object punching was strongly associated with other traditional forms of NSSI, post-NSSI relief, and suicide ideation. Male veterans and veterans with PTSD were significantly more likely to engage in wall/object punching than female veterans and veterans without PTSD...
September 19, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903081/ethical-practices-in-community-based-research-in-non-suicidal-self-injury-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Nupur Singhal, Poornima Bhola
BACKGROUND: The growing interest in community-based research on non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) reflects the high prevalence rates found among vulnerable adolescents and young adults. A significant concern in research with vulnerable populations, and on sensitive topics, is the development of an ethical framework that protects the needs and rights of the participants while responding to researchers' goals and limitations and the broader clinical and public health concerns. AIM: The aim of the present study was to review the ethical practices followed in community-based research on NSSI...
September 1, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885089/non-suicidal-self-injury-elevates-suicide-risk-among-united-states-military-personnel-with-lifetime-attempted-suicide
#5
Margaret M Baer, Jessica M LaCroix, Joy C Browne, Helena O Hassen, Kanchana U Perera, Jennifer Weaver, Alyssa Soumoff, Marjan Ghahramanlou-Holloway
OBJECTIVES: Military psychiatric inpatients with and without a lifetime history of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), combined with a history of at least one suicide attempt, were compared on suicide ideation severity, number of suicide attempts, and Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide variables. METHODS: Data was derived from baseline assessments performed in a psychotherapy randomized controlled trial. Lifetime history of NSSI and lifetime number of suicide attempts were assessed using the Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS; Posner et al...
September 8, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876527/developmental-trajectories-of-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-adolescence-and-intrapersonal-interpersonal-risk-factors
#6
Biyao Wang, Jianing You, Min-Pei Lin, Sian Xu, Freedom Leung
This 3-wave study investigated the developmental trajectories of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and intrapersonal/interpersonal risk factors among 3,381 Chinese adolescents (56.2% females) aged from 13 to 17 years during a 1-year period. Using an accelerated longitudinal design and latent class growth analysis, we identified four subgroups of NSSI trajectories: negligible (74.6%), experimental (12.8%), moderate decreasing (10.8%), and high fluctuating (1.9%). Adolescents reporting both intrapersonal (i.e., impulsive behaviors and depression) and interpersonal (i...
June 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865597/nonsuicidal-self-injury-and-suicidality-among-sexual-minority-youth-risk-factors-and-protective-connectedness-factors
#7
Lindsay A Taliaferro, Jennifer J Muehlenkamp
OBJECTIVE: We investigated differences in prevalence of repetitive nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), suicidal ideation, and a suicide attempt among youth who identified as bisexual, gay/lesbian, and questioning. In addition, we examined which types of social connections were associated with reduced risk of repetitive NSSI and suicidality among youth who identified with a specific sexual minority group. METHODS: Data came from the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey. The analytic sample included 77,758 students in grades 9 and 11...
September 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846988/emotional-reactivity-in-a-clinical-sample-of-patients-with-eating-disorders-and-nonsuicidal-self-injury
#8
Kathryn E Smith, Nicole A Hayes, Denise M Styer, Jason J Washburn
Emotional reactivity is theorized to contribute to both eating disorders (ED) and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI). Although EDs and NSSI frequently co-occur, no study has examined emotional reactivity in individuals with both conditions. This study examined the following hypotheses in a large clinical sample (N = 648): (1) patients with co-occurring ED and NSSI would report higher emotional reactivity and more severe clinical characteristics; (2) among those with EDs, patients with bulimia nervosa (BN) would be more likely to report NSSI and evidence higher emotional reactivity compared to those with anorexia nervosa (AN); and (3) higher emotional reactivity would be associated with worse treatment outcomes...
August 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846813/nonsuicidal-self-injury-increased-prevalence-in-engagement
#9
Kelly Wester, Heather Trepal, Kelly King
While some suggest nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is increasing, very little has been done systematically to explore this possibility. The current study employed three cohorts of freshman (total N = 949) from the same university across a period of 7 years to explore engagement in NSSI. Related intrapersonal factors were also examined. NSSI lifetime and current engagement use drastically increased across the three cohorts. Anxiety followed a similar trajectory as NSSI behaviors as increasing in reported levels, while depression and coping behaviors did not...
August 28, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838289/emotional-cascade-theory-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-the-importance-of-imagery-and-positive-affect
#10
Penelope A Hasking, Martina Di Simplicio, Peter M McEvoy, Clare S Rees
Grounded in Emotional Cascade Theory, we explored whether rumination and multisensory imagery-based cognitions moderated the relationships between affect and both odds of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), and frequency of the behaviour. A sample of 393 university students completed self-report questionnaires assessing the constructs of interest. Contrary to expectations, rumination did not emerge as a significant moderator of the affect-NSSI relationship. However, the relationship between affect and frequency of NSSI was moderated by the use of imagery...
August 25, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837951/latent-classes-of-trait-affect-and-cognitive-affective-regulation-strategies-are-associated-with-depression-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-well-being
#11
Taylor A Burke, Brae Anne McArthur, Issar Daryanani, Lyn Y Abramson, Lauren B Alloy
BACKGROUND: The present study sought to better understand the unique profiles of late adolescents' affective functioning by exploring patterns of trait affect and cognitive affective regulation strategies. The study also examined whether these unique profiles significantly predicted depressive symptoms, non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), and well-being outcomes. METHODS: Data from a sample of 590 late adolescents were examined (M = 19.14 years, SD = 1.41, 63% Female, 62% Caucasian, 38% African American/Biracial)...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837428/in-their-own-words-perspectives-on-nonsuicidal-self-injury-disorder-among-those-with-lived-experience
#12
Stephen P Lewis, Lindsay A Bryant, Brittany M Schaefer, Paul H Grunberg
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is included in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) as a condition warranting further study. Although potential advantages and disadvantages regarding this prospect have been documented, no study has examined the perspectives of those who self-injure. The goal of the current study was to give voice to these views. Seventy-six participants with an NSSI history completed quantitative and qualitative measures assessing perspectives about NSSI being included as a DSM disorder...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833450/interoceptive-deficits-nonsuicidal-self-injury-and-suicide-attempts-among-women-with-eating-disorders
#13
Dorian R Dodd, April R Smith, Lauren N Forrest, Tracy K Witte, Lindsay Bodell, Mary Bartlett, Nicole Siegfried, Natalie Goodwin
People with eating disorders (EDs) have an elevated risk for both nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicide compared to the general population. This study tests two theoretically derived models examining interoceptive deficits as a risk factor for NSSI, and examining interoceptive deficits, NSSI, fearlessness about death, and pain tolerance as risk factors for suicide. Ninety-six adult, treatment-seeking women with EDs completed self-report questionnaires at a single time point. Interoceptive deficits were significantly associated with NSSI, and NSSI was in turn associated with both pain tolerance and fearlessness about death...
August 22, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833395/depression-mediates-the-relationship-between-distress-tolerance-and-nonsuicidal-self-injury-among-adolescents-one-year-follow-up
#14
Min-Pei Lin, Jianing You, Yung Wei Wu, Yongqiang Jiang
Through a one-year follow-up design, this study examined whether distress tolerance would increase the risk for nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), mediated through depression in a representative sample of adolescents. Participants (N = 2,170) were recruited from senior high schools throughout Taiwan using both stratified and cluster sampling in time 1 (T1), and 1,832 students were followed-up one year later (T2). Structure equation modeling results revealed that after controlling NSSI measured at T1, NSSI (T2) was significantly predicted by distress tolerance (T1) and fully mediated through depression (T2)...
August 22, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830485/re-development-of-mental-health-first-aid-guidelines-for-supporting-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islanders-who-are-engaging-in-non-suicidal-self-injury
#15
Gregory Armstrong, Natalie Ironfield, Claire M Kelly, Katrina Dart, Kerry Arabena, Kathy Bond, Anthony F Jorm
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) disproportionally affects Indigenous Australians. Friends, family and frontline workers (for example, teachers, youth workers) are often best positioned to provide initial assistance if someone is engaging in NSSI. Culturally appropriate expert consensus guidelines on how to provide mental health first aid to Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders who are engaging in NSSI were developed in 2009. This study describes the re-development of these guidelines to ensure they contain the most current recommended helping actions...
August 22, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817427/what-predicts-ongoing-nonsuicidal-self-injury-a-comparison-between-persistent-and-ceased-self-injury-in-emerging-adults
#16
Glenn Kiekens, Penelope Hasking, Ronny Bruffaerts, Laurence Claes, Imke Baetens, Mark Boyes, Philippe Mortier, Koen Demyttenaere, Janis Whitlock
Although nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) peaks in adolescence, a significant proportion of young people continue to self-injure into emerging adulthood. Yet, little is known about factors prospectively associated with persistent NSSI. Using data from a 3-year longitudinal study (n = 1466), we compared 51 emerging adults (67.3% female; average age, 20.0 years) who continued to self-injure from adolescence and 50 emerging adults (83.7% female; average age, 20.3 years) who had ceased NSSI, on a broad range of psychosocial factors...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812444/a-psychometric-analysis-of-the-ottawa-self-injury-inventory-f
#17
Joshua Travis Brown, Fred Volk, Gabrielle L Gearhart
OBJECTIVE: This study seeks to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Ottawa Self-Injury Inventory-Functions (OSI-F) for assessing nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), a condition for further study in the DSM-5. PARTICIPANTS: Participants included 345 students who indicated a history of self-injury in a university counseling center over six semesters from August 2009 to May 2012. METHOD: Participants completed the OSI-F as a measure on the psychological intake for the university counseling center...
August 16, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805754/-a-phenomenological-analysis-of-non-suicidal-self-injuries-in-adolescents
#18
O B Levkovskaja, Ju S Shevchenko, L Ju Danilova, V V Grachev
AIM: To perform a phenomenological/clinical/psychopathological analysis of non-suicidal self-injury behavior (NSSI) in adolescents. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The authors studied 155 adolescents, 140 girls and 15 boys, aged 12-17 years, including 111 with self-cutting, 5 with self-burning, 4 with self-beating. Other cases included combined, multiple and other variants of NSSI. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: NSSI develop more often in female teenagers...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800516/repetitive-vs-occasional-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-school-related-factors-among-israeli-high-school-students
#19
Nir Madjar, Gil Zalsman, Tal Reshef Ben Mordechai, Gal Shoval
The current study explored the relationship between non-suicidal self-injuries (NSSI) and students' perceptions of school among adolescents. A sample of 594 high-school students (54.4% male; mean age 14.96) completed validated self-reported measures. Students were divided into three groups: repetitive-NSSI (more than 6 occasions), occasional-NSSI (at least once but less than 6), and no-NSSI. Multi-nominal regression, controlling for gender, age, and depression symptoms, indicated that teachers' psychological support, a sense of school belongingness, and negative perceptions of peer climate were significantly different between repetitive-NSSI and non-NSSI groups...
July 31, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800438/social-exposure-and-emotion-dysregulation-main-effects-in-relation-to-nonsuicidal-self-injury
#20
Rachel L Zelkowitz, Andrew C Porter, Ellen R Heiman, David A Cole
We examined the relation of interpersonal and media exposure to nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) among 340 university students in the southeastern United States (73.5% female, M age = 19.38 years, SD = 1.15). We also assessed interactions and main effects of each exposure and emotion dysregulation in relation to NSSI, testing the social learning hypothesis of NSSI. Most participants endorsed medium to high levels of exposure to NSSI via media sources. More than one-third of participants were somewhat or very familiar with someone who engaged in NSSI...
October 2017: Journal of Adolescence
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