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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334082/economic-costs-due-to-workers-sick-leave-at-wastewater-treatment-plants-in-bulgaria
#1
Elka Ilieva Toseva, Rumyana Stoyanova, Tanya Turnovska
BACKGROUND: The compensatory mechanisms of social security include expenses for sick leave. The aim of the study is to determine the economic cost due to sick leave among workers in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), comparing with the same economic indicators of the National Social Security Institute (NSSI) in Bulgaria. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sick leave of 111 workers at 3 WWTPs was studied in the period 2012-2014 on the grounds of registered absences from work due to temporary incapacity for work...
January 12, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330410/the-impact-of-comt-and-childhood-maltreatment-on-suicidal-behaviour-in-affective-disorders
#2
Alexandra Bernegger, Klemens Kienesberger, Laura Carlberg, Patrick Swoboda, Birgit Ludwig, Romina Koller, Michelle Inaner, Melanie Zotter, Nestor Kapusta, Martin Aigner, Helmuth Haslacher, Siegfried Kasper, Alexandra Schosser
The inconsistent findings on the association between COMT (catecholamine-O-methyl-transferase) and suicidal behaviour gave reason to choose a clear phenotype description of suicidal behaviour and take childhood maltreatment as environmental factor into account. The aim of this candidate-gene-association study was to eliminate heterogeneity within the sample by only recruiting affective disorder patients and find associations between COMT polymorphisms and defined suicidal phenotypes. In a sample of 258 affective disorder patients a detailed clinical assessment (e...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294777/negative-emotions-as-risk-factors-for-self-directed-violence-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-chinese-college-students
#3
Ling Wang, Qinglu Wu, Anna Wai-Man Choi
In this study, we examined the unique contributions of negative emotions (i.e., anger, depression, and shame) for two different types of self-directed violence (i.e., nonsuicidal self-injury [NSSI] and suicidality) and three different types of intimate partner violence perpetration (i.e., physical, sexual, and psychological violence) in a college sample. We investigated the moderating role of gender in any link between the negative emotions and the violent behaviors. We also examined an association between self-directed violence and intimate partner violence perpetration...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294746/dating-violence-victimization-nonsuicidal-self-injury-and-the-moderating-effect-of-borderline-personality-disorder-features-in-adolescent-inpatients
#4
Claire Hatkevich, William Mellick, Tyson Reuter, Jeff R Temple, Carla Sharp
The aim of the study was to examine whether Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) features moderate the relation between dating violence victimization (DVV) experiences and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) in adolescent inpatients. A total of 184 adolescent inpatients completed measures on DVV, BPD features, and NSSI at admission to treatment. Bivariate analyses revealed significant relations between DVV, BPD features, and NSSI. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses demonstrated a moderating effect of BPD features such that in the low BPD features group, more severe DVV was associated with greater NSSI frequency; adolescents in the high BPD group endorsed elevated, though stable, levels of NSSI at all levels of DVV...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294571/-association-between-coping-styles-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-among-undergraduate-students-in-wuhan
#5
L Chen, R L Zhao, H Chen
Objective: This study aimed to explore the association of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and the coping styles in college undergraduate students. Methods: Cluster sampling techniques was used to recruit freshmen students from two universities in Wuhan. Brief COPE scale was used to measure the coping skills at the baseline study. Non-suicidal self-injury was studied one year later through a follow-up program. Results: The incidence of NSSI among college students was 2.3%. Students who reported NSSI had higher scores on Self-Blame dimension than those who did not...
December 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282024/emotion-regulation-individual-therapy-for-adolescents-with-nonsuicidal-self-injury-disorder-a-feasibility-study
#6
Johan Bjureberg, Hanna Sahlin, Clara Hellner, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf, Kim L Gratz, Jonas Bjärehed, Jussi Jokinen, Matthew T Tull, Brjánn Ljótsson
BACKGROUND: Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a serious health risk behavior that forms the basis of a tentative diagnosis in DSM-5, NSSI Disorder (NSSID). To date, established treatments specific to NSSI or NSSID are scarce. As a first step in evaluating the feasibility, acceptability, and utility of a novel treatment for adolescents with NSSID, we conducted an open trial of emotion regulation individual therapy for adolescents (ERITA): a 12-week, behavioral treatment aimed at directly targeting both NSSI and its proposed underlying mechanism of emotion regulation difficulties...
December 28, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276863/non-suicidal-self-injury-behaviors-features-and-relationship-with-adolescents-daily-life-activities-and-mental-status
#7
İrem Damla Çimen, Ayşen Coşkun, Nilay Etiler
Çimen İD, Coşkun A, Etiler N. Non-suicidal self-injury behaviors` features and relationship with adolescents` daily life activities and mental status. Turk J Pediatr 2017; 59: 113-121. This study investigated, characteristics of the non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) behaviors and behaviors` relationship with the sociodemographic characteristics, psychological problems and other features like daily life activities, between the ages of 12 and 17 years in the central district İzmit of Kocaeli; 555 students whose data included to study received a sociodemographic questionnaire (SQ) and Youth Self-Report (YSR)...
2017: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247924/the-role-of-emotion-dysregulation-a-longitudinal-investigation-of-the-interpersonal-theory-of-suicide
#8
Taylor Heffer, Teena Willoughby
Emotion dysregulation is considered to be transdiagnostic in nature, given its association with a variety of problem behaviors. Of concern, emotion dysregulation also may be associated with key components of the Interpersonal Theory of Suicide (ITS), namely suicidal desire and acquired capability for suicide (ACS; heightened fearlessness toward death and pain tolerance). ITS suggests that experiencing suicidal desire in conjunction with ACS leads to greater risk for suicide attempts. The present 4-wave longitudinal study tested bidirectional associations among emotion dysregulation, NSSI, ACS, and suicidal desire...
December 6, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238313/differential-neural-processing-of-social-exclusion-and-inclusion-in-adolescents-with-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-young-adults-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#9
Rebecca C Brown, Paul L Plener, Georg Groen, Dominik Neff, Martina Bonenberger, Birgit Abler
Introduction: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a symptom of borderline personality disorder (BPD). However, NSSI often occurs independently of BPD. Altered neural processing of social exclusion has been shown in adolescents with NSSI and adults with BPD with additional alterations during social inclusion in BPD patients. Aims of this study were to investigate differences in neural processing of social inclusion and exclusion situations between adolescents with NSSI and young adults with BPD and NSSI...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236188/contributors-to-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-incarcerated-youth
#10
Larkin Street McReynolds, Gail Wasserman, Elise Ozbardakci
BACKGROUND: Despite elevations in risks associated with self-injurious behavior among community adolescents, the degree to which these features are associated with self-injury among incarcerated youth has rarely been examined. Although the DSM-5 recently proposed a distinct category of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), most studies of youths in forensic settings have not distinguished between subtypes of self-harming individuals. METHODS: Demographic, offense, and disorder contributors to NSSI in incarcerated youths of both genders (N = 358) were examined via a computerized self-report instrument (VISA), largely consistent with DSM-5...
December 13, 2017: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228788/understanding-the-experiences-of-middle-school-girls-who-have-received-help-for-non-suicidal-self-injury
#11
Kathleen S Tillman, Michael Prazak, Megan L Obert
This study aimed to understand the experiences of middle school girls who have engaged in non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and have received professional help for these behaviors. Participants described engaging in NSSI in response to uncomfortable feelings and invasive negative thoughts. They reported that engaging in NSSI decreased their uncomfortable feelings. While each participant had at least one person in her life who knew about her NSSI, participants did not feel supported or validated by these people...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223043/affect-toward-the-self-and-self-injury-stimuli-as-potential-risk-factors-for-nonsuicidal-self-injury
#12
Kathryn R Fox, Jessica D Ribeiro, Evan M Kleiman, Jill M Hooley, Matthew K Nock, Joseph C Franklin
Few risk factors for nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) have been identified. This study investigated diminished aversion toward self-injury (i.e., NSSI, suicide/death stimuli) and self-criticism as unique NSSI risk factors. After terminating a treatment study, 154 adults with a recent and frequent NSSI history completed self-report and computer-based measures of psychopathology, implicit and explicit self-criticism, and implicit aversion to NSSI and suicide/death. Participants were then contacted 4 weeks later to test factors predicting NSSI frequency over this follow-up period...
December 1, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202639/emotional-responding-in-nssi-examinations-of-appraisals-of-positive-and-negative-emotional-stimuli-with-and-without-acute-stress
#13
Ruth Tatnell, Penelope Hasking, Ottmar V Lipp, Mark Boyes, Jessica Dawkins
Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is commonly used by young adults to regulate emotional responses. Yet, experimental examination of how people who self-injure appraise and respond to emotional stimuli is limited. We examined appraisals of, and responses to, emotive images in young adults who did and did not self-injure, and assessed whether these were impacted by exposure to a stressor. Study 1 (N = 51) examined whether participants differed in their appraisals of emotional images. Study 2 (N = 78) assessed whether appraisals of images changed after exposure to the Trier Social Stress Test...
December 5, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197214/nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-a-naturalistic-sample-of-adolescents-undergoing-inpatient-psychiatric-treatment-prevalence-gender-distribution-and-comorbidities
#14
Kathrin Sevecke, Astrid Bock, Lucas Fenzel, Manuela Gander, Martin Fuchs
BACKGROUND: A growing body of research points toward nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) in adolescents as an important and frequent health-related risk factor. In 2013, NSSI was proposed in section 3 of the DSM-5 as a new diagnostic entity warranting further study. In line with that goal, the present study was conducted in order to evaluate prevalence, gender distribution and comorbidities of NSSI in a sample of adolescent psychiatric inpatients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study included 130 adolescents (mean age 15...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197206/characteristics-and-development-of-nonsuicidal-super-self-injury-among-borderline-inpatients
#15
Katalin Merza, Gábor Papp, Judit Molnár, Ildikó Kuritárné Szabó
BACKGROUND: Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a key feature of borderline personality disorder (BPD), which is strongly associated with childhood traumatization. To the best of our knowledge, there has been a lack of studies investigating extensively the characteristics of borderline patients who engage in extremely high numbers of NSSI, and their features of NSSI, trauma history and psychopathology. The aim of this study is to identify groups of borderline inpatients on the basis of the lifetime number of NSSI, and to explore the characteristics of these groups regarding the onset, reasons and methods of NSSI, history of childhood traumatization, and severity of psychopathology...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173741/traumatic-stress-interacts-with-bipolar-disorder-genetic-risk-to-increase-risk-for-suicide-attempts
#16
Holly C Wilcox, Janice M Fullerton, Anne L Glowinski, Kelly Benke, Masoud Kamali, Leslie A Hulvershorn, Emma K Stapp, Howard J Edenberg, Gloria M P Roberts, Neera Ghaziuddin, Carrie Fisher, Christine Brucksch, Andrew Frankland, Claudio Toma, Alex D Shaw, Elizabeth Kastelic, Leslie Miller, Melvin G McInnis, Philip B Mitchell, John I Nurnberger
OBJECTIVE: Bipolar disorder (BD) is one of the most heritable psychiatric conditions and is associated with high suicide risk. To explore the reasons for this link, this study examined the interaction between traumatic stress and BD polygenic risk score in relation to suicidal ideation, suicide attempt, and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) in adolescent and young adult offspring and relatives of persons with BD (BD-relatives) compared with adolescent and young adult offspring of individuals without psychiatric disorders (controls)...
December 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172592/non-suicidal-self-injury-and-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviors-a-study-of-the-explanatory-roles-of-the-interpersonal-theory-variables-among-military-service-members-and-veterans
#17
Carol Chu, Melanie A Hom, Ian H Stanley, Anna R Gai, Matthew K Nock, Peter M Gutierrez, Thomas E Joiner
OBJECTIVE: Research has identified non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) as a robust correlate of suicidal thoughts and behaviors; however, little is known regarding why these constructs may be related. Consistent with the interpersonal theory of suicide, this study investigated thwarted belongingness (TB), perceived burdensomeness (PB), and capability for suicide (CS) as explanatory links in the association between NSSI, ideation, and suicide attempt history. METHOD: Military service members and veterans (N = 973; agemean = 29...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169199/-internet-addiction-suicidality-and-non-suicidal-self-harming-behavior-a-systematic-review
#18
Toni Andreas Steinbüchel, Stephan Herpertz, Ina Külpmann, Aram Kehyayan, Jan Dieris-Hirche, Bert Theodor Te Wildt
Background Internet addiction (IA) is associated with a high rate of co-morbid mental disorders, especially depression, anxiety disorders, ADHD and personality disorders and a considerable level of psychological strain. In terms of risk assessment, the present work investigates the current research literature on suicidal behavior and non-suicidal self-injurious behavior (NSSI). Methods We performed a systematic literature search in 14 databases on title and abstract level for the most common keywords for IA, NSSI and suicidality...
November 23, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167651/nonsuicidal-self-injury-a-systematic-review
#19
Annarosa Cipriano, Stefania Cella, Paolo Cotrufo
Objective: Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) refers to the intentional self-inflicted destruction of body tissue without suicidal intention and for purposes not socially sanctioned. Our paper presents an up-to-date overview on nonsuicidal, self-injurious behaviors. Method: In accordance with PRISMA guidelines, a systematic literature search was conducted across two databases, PubMed and PsycARTICLES, regarding the main features of NSSI with a focus on epidemiological and etiologic data, diagnostic criteria, and functions...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156361/non-suicidal-self-injury-in-referred-adolescents-with-mood-disorders-and-its-association-with-cyclothymic-hypersensitive-temperament
#20
Gabriele Masi, Annarita Milone, Anna Rita Montesanto, Elena Valente, Simone Pisano
BACKGROUND: Non suicidal self-injuries (NSSIs) are deliberate self-harm behaviors without suicidal intent, usually starting in adolescence, with increasing rates of occurrence both in epidemiological and clinical samples. Several studies associated cyclothymic-hypersensitive temperament (CHT) with self-harm behaviors and suicidal risk. Aim of this study is to explore the association between NSSIs and CHT in a clinical sample of adolescents. We hypothesized that CHT may differentiate NSSI from non-NSSI adolescents with mood disorders, when other psychopathological features are controlled for...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
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