keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

NSSI

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894037/psychopathology-profiles-of-acutely-suicidal-adolescents-associations-with-post-discharge-suicide-attempts-and-rehospitalization
#1
Johnny Berona, Adam G Horwitz, Ewa K Czyz, Cheryl A King
BACKGROUND: Suicidal adolescents are heterogeneous, which can pose difficulties in predicting suicidal behavior. The Youth Self-Report (YSR) psychopathology profiles predict the future onset of psychopathology and suicide-related outcomes. The present study examined the prevalence and correlates of YSR psychopathology profiles among suicidal adolescents and prospective associations with post-discharge rates of suicide attempts and psychiatric rehospitalization. METHODS: Participants were acutely suicidal, psychiatrically hospitalized adolescents (N=433 at baseline; n=355 at follow-up) who were enrolled in a psychosocial intervention trial during hospitalization...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888700/negative-mood-and-interference-control-in-nonsuicidal-self-injury
#2
Kenneth J D Allen, Jill M Hooley
People who engage in nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) often report high levels of impulsivity. However, results from behavioral tasks measuring impulsivity have been mixed: those with a history of NSSI generally perform comparably to healthy controls. Recent research suggests, however, that people who self-injure have specific deficits in response inhibition to negative emotional stimuli. Here, we extend this work by testing whether negative mood impairs interference control in NSSI. 33 participants reporting a history of NSSI (approximately half in the past year) and 31 age- and gender-matched healthy controls completed the multi-source interference task before and after a written negative mood induction designed to increase feelings of worthlessness, guilt, and shame...
November 4, 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858962/a-randomized-trial-of-brief-dialectical-behaviour-therapy-skills-training-in-suicidal-patients-suffering-from-borderline-disorder
#3
Shelley F McMain, Tim Guimond, Ryan Barnhart, Liat Habinski, David L Streiner
OBJECTIVE: Evidence-based therapies for borderline personality disorder (BPD) are lengthy and scarce. Data on brief interventions are limited, and their role in the treatment of BPD is unclear. Our aim was therefore to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of brief dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT) skills training as an adjunctive intervention for high suicide risk in patients with BPD. METHOD: Eighty-four out-patients were randomized to 20 weeks of DBT skills (n = 42) or a waitlist (WL; n = 42)...
November 13, 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835855/cross-sectional-and-temporal-association-between-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-suicidal-ideation-in-young-adults-the-explanatory-roles-of-thwarted-belongingness-and-perceived-burdensomeness
#4
Carol Chu, Megan L Rogers, Thomas E Joiner
Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a strong predictor of suicidal ideation and attempts. Consistent with the interpersonal theory of suicide, preliminary evidence suggests that NSSI is associated with higher levels of perceived burdensomeness (PB) and thwarted belongingness (TB). However, no study to date has examined the cross-sectional and prospective relationships between NSSI, TB, PB, and suicidal ideation (SI). To fill this gap, this study examined the mediating role of TB and PB in the relationship between NSSI and SI at baseline and follow-up...
October 14, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829508/the-role-of-seeing-blood-in-non-suicidal-self-injury-in-female-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#5
Janina Naoum, Sarah Reitz, Annegret Krause-Utz, Nikolaus Kleindienst, Franziska Willis, Sarah Kuniss, Ulf Baumgärtner, Falk Mancke, Rolf-Detlef Treede, Christian Schmahl
Patients with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) often engage in non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), to reduce arousal levels under stress. However, the importance of seeing blood for the effect of NSSI is yet unknown. The present pilot study examined 20 female BPD patients and 20 healthy controls (HC) to assess the role of seeing blood on arousal, pain, urge for NSSI (ratings) and heart rate (continuously measured). Participants completed two sessions consisting of stress induction (forced mental arithmetics with white noise), followed by a seven second non-invasive pain stimulus with a blade to the volar forearm...
November 2, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816254/closing-in-on-crisis-informing-clinical-practice-regarding-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-youth
#6
Cara C Young, Amanda J Simonton, Stephanie Key, Amanda N Barczyk, Karla A Lawson
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) in youth is a major public health concern. A retrospective chart review was conducted within a hospital system to examine (a) youth self-reports of reasons for engaging in NSSI and (b) additional contextual circumstances that may contribute to youth NSSI. Detailed history, physical examination, and treatment/discharge data were extracted by thoroughly reviewing all electronic documents in each medical record. The final sample (N = 135) were predominantly female (71.1%), and well over half (63...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814456/the-role-of-parental-psychopathology-and-personality-in-adolescent-non-suicidal-self-injury
#7
Molly A Gromatsky, Monika A Waszczuk, Greg Perlman, Katie Lee Salis, Daniel N Klein, Roman Kotov
Adolescent non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), a significant risk factor for suicidal behavior, is strongly associated with adolescent psychopathology and personality traits, particularly those characterized by poor self-regulation. Some parental psychopathology and personality traits have also been identified as risk factors for adolescent NSSI, but specific parental characteristics and mechanisms involved in this association have not been systematically examined. The current study comprehensively investigated the contribution of parental psychopathology and personality to adolescent NSSI using data from the baseline wave of the Adolescent Development of Emotion and Personality Traits (ADEPT) study of 550 adolescent girls (mean age = 14...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808541/the-emotion-regulation-function-of-nonsuicidal-self-injury-a-momentary-assessment-study-in-inpatients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-features
#8
Marlies Houben, Laurence Claes, Kristof Vansteelandt, Ann Berens, Ellen Sleuwaegen, Peter Kuppens
Studies using retrospective self-report or proxies of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) in the lab have shown that NSSI is often preceded by intense negative emotions and followed by a decrease in negative emotions/tension, suggesting an emotion regulation function of NSSI. To investigate this emotion regulation function of NSSI in a more ecologically valid way, we used experience sampling methods to examine the temporal relationship between NSSI behavior and emotional experiences throughout the day in 30 inpatients currently staying in psychiatric hospitals...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797688/cannabis-involvement-and-nonsuicidal-self-injury-a-discordant-twin-approach
#9
Lauren R Few, Julia D Grant, Elliot C Nelson, Timothy J Trull, Richard A Grucza, Kathleen K Bucholz, Karin J H Verweij, Nicholas G Martin, Dixie J Statham, Pamela A F Madden, Andrew C Heath, Michael T Lynskey, Arpana Agrawal
OBJECTIVE: Cannabis use, particularly at an early age, has been linked to suicidal thoughts and behavior, but minimal work has examined the association between cannabis use and lifetime nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI). The current study aims to characterize the overlap between lifetime and early cannabis use and NSSI and to examine genetic and environmental mechanisms of this association. METHOD: Adult male and female twins from the Australian Twin Registry (N = 9,583) were used to examine the odds of NSSI associated with lifetime cannabis use and early cannabis use (i...
November 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797571/the-dbt-coach-mobile-application-as-an-adjunct-to-treatment-for-suicidal-and-self-injuring-individuals-with-borderline-personality-disorder-a-preliminary-evaluation-and-challenges-to-client-utilization
#10
Shireen L Rizvi, Christopher D Hughes, Marget C Thomas
Acquisition and generalization of specific behavioral skills is a key component of dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) for individuals with borderline personality disorder (BPD). We examined the feasibility, acceptability, usability, and immediate effects of the DBT Coach, a mobile phone application (app) designed specifically to augment skills generalization through interactive coaching in DBT skills. In this pilot study, we provided the DBT Coach installed on a mobile device as an adjunct to 6 months of standard DBT, among a sample of 16 individuals with BPD and a recent history of attempted suicide and/or nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI)...
November 2016: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767234/functions-of-nonsuicidal-self-injury-are-differentially-associated-with-suicide-ideation-and-past-attempts-among-childhood-trauma-survivors
#11
Michelle E Roley-Roberts, Melissa J Zielinski, Gabriela Hurtado, Joseph D Hovey, Jon D Elhai
Research into factors for suicide has revealed relations between trauma exposure and suicidality (e.g., Bridge, Goldstein, & Brent, ; Joiner, Sachs-Ericson, Wingate, Brown, Anestis, & Selby, ) wherein painful and provocative experiences (e.g., nonsuicidal self-injury [NSSI]) are an important link (e.g., Van Orden, Witte, Cukrowicz, Braithwaite, Selby, & Joiner, ; Smith, ). No prior research has assessed the relationship between functions of NSSI and suicidality among childhood trauma survivors. Participants who endorsed childhood trauma exposure (N = 121; Mage  = 18...
October 21, 2016: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761783/examining-the-course-of-suicidal-and-nonsuicidal-self-injurious-thoughts-and-behaviors-in-outpatient-and-inpatient-adolescents
#12
Catherine R Glenn, Elizabeth C Lanzillo, Erika C Esposito, Angela C Santee, Matthew K Nock, Randy P Auerbach
Suicidal and nonsuicidal self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs) among youth are major public health concerns. Although a growing body of research has focused on the complex association between nonsuicidal and suicidal self-injury, the temporal relationship between these two classes of behaviors is unclear. The current study addresses this empirical gap by examining the course of SITBs in adolescents receiving outpatient (N = 106; 82.1 % female) and inpatient (N = 174; 75.9 % female) treatment. SITBs (co-occurrence, age-of-onset, and time lag between SITBs) and major psychiatric disorders were assessed at a single time point with well-validated structured interviews...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760537/the-prevalence-of-nonsuicidal-self-injury-nssi-in-a-representative-sample-of-the-german-population
#13
Paul L Plener, Marc Allroggen, Nestor D Kapusta, Elmar Brähler, Jörg M Fegert, Rebecca C Groschwitz
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a proposed new "condition for further study" in the DSM-5. To date no prevalence data has been available on this diagnostic entity from a representative sample of the general population. METHODS: A representative sample of the German population (N = 2509, mean age = 48.8 years, SD = 18.1, female 55.4 %) completed the NSSI section of the German version of the Self-Injurious Thoughts and Behaviors Interview (SITBI-G)...
October 19, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726519/attachment-emotion-regulation-childhood-abuse-and-assault-examining-predictors-of-nssi-among-adolescents
#14
Ruth Tatnell, Penelope Hasking, Louise Newman, John Taffe, Graham Martin
OBJECTIVES: We examined the relative risk of Non-Suicidal Self-Injury (NSSI) associated with a history of physical and sexual abuse/assault, poor attachment relationships, and poor emotion regulation among adolescents. METHODS: 2,637 adolescents (aged 12-15 years) completed questionnaires at three time-points: baseline, 12, and 24 months later. RESULTS: Across the study, 9.4% reported a history of NSSI. Each of past or recent abuse/assault, poor attachment relationships and poor emotion regulation was associated with NSSI...
October 11, 2016: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716512/adolescent-self-injurers-comparing-non-ideators-suicide-ideators-and-suicide-attempters
#15
Jeremy G Stewart, Erika C Esposito, Catherine R Glenn, Stephen E Gilman, Bryan Pridgen, Joseph Gold, Randy P Auerbach
Adolescent non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicidality are serious health concerns; however, factors that contribute to the transition from NSSI to suicide ideation and suicide attempts are unclear. To address this gap, we investigated whether demographic characteristics, child maltreatment, and psychiatric factors are associated with the level suicidality among adolescents with a history of self-injury. Participants were three groups of adolescent inpatient self-injurers (n = 397, 317 female), aged 13-18 years (M = 15...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715606/self-criticism-and-depressive-symptoms-mediate-the-relationship-between-emotional-experiences-with-family-and-peers-and-self-injury-in-adolescence
#16
Ana Xavier, José Pinto-Gouveia, Marina Cunha, Sérgio Carvalho
Although the relationship between negative childhood experiences, peer victimization, depressive symptoms, and Non-Suicidal Self-Injury (NSSI) is widely recognized, the mechanisms involved are not fully understood, especially among adolescents. This study aims to test the mediating role of both self-criticism and depressive symptoms in the relationship between memories of negative or positive experiences, current peer victimization, and NSSI. The sample consists 854 Portuguese adolescents, 451 female and 403 male, with ages between 12 and 18 years (M = 14...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710776/buffering-the-effects-of-peer-victimization-on-adolescent-non-suicidal-self-injury-the-role-of-self-compassion-and-family-cohesion
#17
Yongqiang Jiang, Jianing You, Yang Hou, Chao Du, Min-Pei Lin, Xiaoling Zheng, Congfen Ma
Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a significant behavioral problem among adolescents all over the world. This study examined the longitudinal relationship between peer victimization and NSSI, as well as the buffering effects of self-compassion and family cohesion on this relationship. Data were collected at two time points from 525 secondary school students (226 girls; Mage = 12.97, SD = 1.02) in China. Results showed that peer victimization (marginally) significantly predicted NSSI over time even after controlling for Wave 1 NSSI...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702245/a-cognitive-emotional-model-of-nssi-using-emotion-regulation-and-cognitive-processes-to-explain-why-people-self-injure
#18
Penelope Hasking, Janis Whitlock, David Voon, Alyssa Rose
Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a complex behaviour, routinely engaged for emotion regulatory purposes. As such, a number of theoretical accounts regarding the aetiology and maintenance of NSSI are grounded in models of emotion regulation; the role that cognition plays in the behaviour is less well known. In this paper, we summarise four models of emotion regulation that have repeatedly been related to NSSI and identify the core components across them. We then draw on social cognitive theory to unite models of cognition and models of emotion in developing a new cognitive-emotional model of NSSI...
October 5, 2016: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672324/alexithymia-impulsiveness-and-psychopathology-in-nonsuicidal-self-injured-adolescents
#19
Michela Gatta, Francesco Dal Santo, Alessio Rago, Andrea Spoto, Pier Antonio Battistella
INTRODUCTION: Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a multifaceted phenomenon and a major health issue among adolescents. A better understanding of self-injury comorbidities is crucial to improve our ability to assess, treat, and prevent NSSI. PURPOSE: This study aimed at analyzing some of the psychobehavioral correlates of NSSI: psychological problems, alexithymia, impulsiveness, and sociorelational aspects. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a case-control study...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665080/hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis-childhood-adversity-and-adolescent-nonsuicidal-self-injury
#20
Corinna Reichl, Anne Heyer, Romuald Brunner, Peter Parzer, Julia Madeleine Völker, Franz Resch, Michael Kaess
BACKGROUND: Whereas childhood adversity (CA) and the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis have been suggested to play a major role in the etiology of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), no study has thus far investigated both its associations and interactions with adolescent NSSI. METHOD: We investigated CA (antipathy, neglect, physical, psychological, and sexual abuse) and indices of HPA axis activity (salivary and hair cortisol) in a clinical sample of 26 adolescents engaging in NSSI and 26 age- and gender-matched healthy controls (HC)...
September 16, 2016: Psychoneuroendocrinology
keyword
keyword
29600
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"