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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211201/nonsuicidal-self-injury-is-predictive-of-suicide-attempts-among-individuals-with-mood-disorders
#1
Megan S Chesin, Hanga Galfavy, Cemile Ceren Sonmez, Amanda Wong, Maria A Oquendo, J John Mann, Barbara Stanley
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) prior to age 18 was evaluated as a risk factor for adulthood suicide attempt (SA). Archival data from 222 mood-disordered participants were analyzed using multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis. Participants with a youth SA were excluded. The hazards of SA among adult participants with a history of youth NSSI were twice than those of mood-disordered participants without youth NSSI (hazard ratio = 2.00, 95% confidence interval = 1.16-3.44, p = .01). Moreover, participants who had both youth and adult NSSI attempted suicide significantly earlier than participants who began NSSI as an adult...
February 17, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196773/the-link-between-dissociation-and-both-suicide-attempts-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-meta-analyses
#2
REVIEW
Raffaella Calati, Ismaïl Bensassi, Philippe Courtet
Dissociative disorders (DD) are frequently associated with suicidal behaviors. We performed the first meta-analysis of studies comparing rates of suicide attempts (SA) and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) in psychiatric individuals with and without DD. We included: 1) studies comparing SA and NSSI rates in psychiatric individuals with and without DD; 2) studies comparing Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES) scores in both SA and NSSI psychiatric patients versus non SA and non NSSI ones. Cochrane Collaboration Review Manager Software and STROBE statement were used...
January 17, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193582/longitudinal-development-of-pain-sensitivity-in-adolescent-non-suicidal-self-injury
#3
Julian Koenig, Lena Rinnewitz, Maren Niederbäumer, Tabea Strozyk, Peter Parzer, Franz Resch, Michael Kaess
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is associated with reduced pain sensitivity (PS). Existing theories posit that altered PS is a risk factor for NSSI. Cross-sectional data suggest that PS normalizes in those terminating self-injury. However, previously no study addressed the longitudinal course of PS in patients engaging in NSSI. We addressed changes in PS and clinical symptomatology in adolescents with NSSI (n = 18) and matched controls (n = 19) over one year. Despite significant clinical improvements, PS did not change in the NSSI group but decreased in controls...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165275/strong-schools-against-suicidality-and-self-injury-evaluation-of-a-workshop-for-school-staff
#4
Rebecca Groschwitz, Lara Munz, Joana Straub, Isabelle Bohnacker, Paul L Plener
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicidality are common among adolescents. School staff are often the first adults to be confronted with those behaviors. However, previous studies have shown a lack of knowledge and confidence in dealing with self-harming behaviors. Objectives of this study were to evaluate a workshop on NSSI and suicidality in adolescence for teachers, school social workers and school psychologists. In total, N = 267 school staff participated in 1 of 16 two-day workshops, which were offered in different cities in southern Germany...
February 6, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160318/the-relationship-between-nonsuicidal-self-injury-age-of-onset-and-severity-of-self-harm
#5
Brooke A Ammerman, Ross Jacobucci, Evan M Kleiman, Lauren L Uyeji, Michael S McCloskey
This study examined how age of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) onset relates to NSSI severity and suicidality using decision tree analyses (nonparametric regression models that recursively partition predictor variables to create groupings). Those with an earlier age of NSSI onset reported greater NSSI frequency, NSSI methods, and NSSI-related hospital visits. No significant splits were found for suicide ideation or attempts, although those with an earlier onset were more likely to have a suicide plan. Overall, findings suggest that onset of NSSI before age 12 is associated with more severe NSSI and may be a crucial age for prevention efforts...
February 3, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152395/a-longitudinal-investigation-of-the-relation-between-nonsuicidal-self-injury-and-spirituality-religiosity
#6
Marie Good, Chloe Hamza, Teena Willoughby
Despite increased research on factors that predict engagement in nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), one factor that has been neglected is spirituality/religiosity. While some researchers suggest that spiritual/religious beliefs and practice may protect against aversive mental health outcomes, it also is possible that certain aspects of spirituality/religiosity - specifically doubt and questioning - may be distressing. In this study, we examined whether multiple dimensions of spirituality/religiosity, including the often-overlooked experience of doubt/questioning, were associated with engagement in NSSI among university students over time...
January 23, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142107/non-suicidal-self-injury-within-the-school-context-multilevel-analysis-of-teachers-support-and-peer-climate
#7
N Madjar, S Ben Shabat, R Elia, N Fellner, M Rehavi, S E Rubin, N Segal, G Shoval
BACKGROUND: Recent studies regarding non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) among adolescents have focused primarily on individual characteristics (e.g., depressive symptoms) and background factors (e.g., parental relationship), whereas less emphasis has been given to the role of school-related factors in NSSI. Therefore, the purpose of the current study was to explore the relationships between teachers' support, peer climate, and NSSI within the school context. METHODS: The sample consisted of 594 high school students nested within 27 regular classes (54...
January 27, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140729/association-of-suicide-attempts-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-behaviors-with-substance-use-and-family-characteristics-among-children-and-adolescents-seeking-treatment-for-substance-use-disorder
#8
Neslim Guvendeger Doksat, Oguzhan Zahmacioglu, Arzu Ciftci Demirci, Gizem Melissa Kocaman, Ayten Erdogan
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies in youth and adults suggest strong association between substance use disorders and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicidal behaviors. There is paucity of studies exploring the association of substance use with history of suicide attempts (HSA) and NSSI in children and adolescents in Turkey. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the prevalence of NSSI and HSA and their relationship with substance use and family characteristics among youth seeking treatment for substance use in Turkey...
January 31, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121238/frequency-and-methods-of-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-relation-to-acquired-capability-for-suicide-among-adolescents
#9
Jacquelyn Matney, Nicholas J Westers, Sarah E Horton, Jessica D King, Michael Eaddy, Graham J Emslie, Betsy D Kennard, Sunita M Stewart
OBJECTIVE: To test the Interpersonal Psychological Theory of Suicide (IPTS) proposal that the association of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) with suicide attempt is mediated by acquired capability. METHODS: Inpatient adolescents (n = 134) reported on suicide ideation and attempts, NSSI frequency and methods, depressive symptoms, and acquired capability for suicide. RESULTS: Consistent with the IPTS, both measures of NSSI were positively associated with acquired capability after accounting for depressive symptoms and past history of attempts...
January 25, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105552/differentiating-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-risky-drinking-a-role-for-outcome-expectancies-and-self-efficacy-beliefs
#10
Penelope Hasking
Social cognitive theory articulates a role for two key thought processes in governing volitional behaviour: outcome expectancies and self-efficacy expectancies. These cognitions are behaviour-specific, and should thus differentiate people who engage in one behaviour over another. This paper presents the results of a study applying social cognitive theory to explore how outcome expectancies and self-efficacy expectancies differentially relate to non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and risky alcohol use amongst a sample of young adults...
January 20, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101133/temperament-and-character-traits-in-female-adolescents-with-nonsuicidal-self-injury-disorder-with-and-without-comorbid-borderline-personality-disorder
#11
Taru Tschan, Claudia Peter-Ruf, Marc Schmid, Tina In-Albon
BACKGROUND: Temperament and character traits of adolescents with nonsuicidal self-injury disorder (NSSI) might differentiate those- with and without comorbid borderline personality disorder (BPD). METHODS: Participants were 57 female adolescents with NSSI disorder without BPD (NSSI - BPD), 14 adolescents with NSSI disorder and BPD (NSSI + BPD), 32 clinical controls (CC), and 64 nonclinical controls (NC). Temperament and character traits were assessed with the Junior Temperament and Character Inventory, and impulsivity with the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale and a Go/NoGo task...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093658/distinguishing-pathways-from-negative-emotions-to-suicide-ideation-and-to-suicide-attempt-the-differential-mediating-effects-of-nonsuicidal-self-injury
#12
Xu Zhang, Yaxuan Ren, Jianing You, Chao Huang, Yongqiang Jiang, Min-Pei Lin, Freedom Leung
Negative emotion (NE) is one of the most widely examined risk factors for suicide ideation (SI) and suicide attempt (SA). However, little is known about the possibly different mechanisms underlying the pathways from NE to these two different suicide phenomena. Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is related to both negative emotions and suicidality. Thus, the present study aimed to test the differential roles of NSSI in the pathways from NE (specified by depression, anxiety, and stress) to SI and from NE to SA. This study hypothesized that NSSI served as a mediator in the relationship from NE to SA, but not in the relationship from NE to SI...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072044/predicting-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-borderline-personality-disorder-using-ecological-momentary-assessment
#13
Brooke A Ammerman, Thomas M Olino, Emil F Coccaro, Michael S McCloskey
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a highly comorbid disorder, and these comorbidities increase the impairment associated with BPD. For example, depression, which occurs in the majority of individuals with BPD, increases the likelihood of an individual with BPD to engage in nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI). Little research, however, has investigated potential mechanisms of NSSI engagement in this population. The current study aimed to fill this gap by examining momentary experiences, levels of distress tolerance, and NSSI among 51 individuals meeting current diagnostic criteria for BPD and a comorbid depressive disorder...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065425/clinical-outcome-of-patients-with-self-inflicted-burns
#14
P A Cornet, A S Niemeijer, G D Figaroa, M A van Daalen, T W Broersma, M E van Baar, G I J M Beerthuizen, M K Nieuwenhuis
INTRODUCTION: Patients with self-inflicted burns (SIB) are thought to have a longer length of stay compared to patients with accidental burns. However, other predictors for a longer length of stay are often not taken into account, e.g. percentage of the body surface area burned, age or comorbidities. Therefore, we wanted to study the outcome of patients with SIB at our burn center. METHODS: A retrospective, observational study was conducted. All adult patients with acute burns admitted to the burn center of the Martini Hospital Groningen, between January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2013 were included...
January 5, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040576/a-short-term-longitudinal-examination-of-the-relations-between-depression-anhedonia-and-self-injurious-thoughts-and-behaviors-in-adults-with-a-history-of-self-injury
#15
Melissa J Zielinski, Jennifer C Veilleux, E Samuel Winer, Michael R Nadorff
BACKGROUND: Limited research has addressed the role of anhedonia in predicting suicidality and/or nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) in adults, despite evidence suggesting that loss of interest or pleasure may increase vulnerability for self-inflicted harm, even beyond other depressive symptoms. METHODS: In the current study, we explored the role of symptoms of depression and recent changes in anhedonia in predicting suicidality, NSSI ideation, and perceptions of NSSI helpfulness among individuals with a history of NSSI or suicide attempts (N=187)...
December 7, 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039803/resting-cardiac-function-in-adolescent-non-suicidal-self-injury-the-impact-of-borderline-personality-disorder-symptoms-and-psychosocial-functioning
#16
Julian Koenig, Lena Rinnewitz, Peter Parzer, Franz Resch, Julian F Thayer, Michael Kaess
Vagally mediated heart rate variability (vmHRV) is reduced in borderline personality disorder (BPD). Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is associated with comorbid psychopathology, in particular BPD. We aimed to examine differences in cardiac function (vmHRV and heart rate [HR]) comparing adolescents (12-17 years) engaging in NSSI (n=30) and healthy controls (n=30). Further, we aimed to determine clinical concomitants of cardiac function in patients with NSSI. Analyses showed no significant group differences on cardiac function...
December 21, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004442/psychopathological-differences-between-suicide-ideators-and-suicide-attempters-in-patients-with-mental-disorders
#17
Sandra Pérez, Jose H Marco, Joaquin García-Alandete
BACKGROUND: Although suicide is one of the leading causes of death worldwide, there is a need for studies to identify variables that can differentiate patients with suicide ideation at risk of transitioning to an attempt. METHOD: In this study, we assessed suicide ideation and attempts, non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), hopelessness, borderline symptoms and meaning in life in a sample of 348 patients with different diagnoses of mental disorders. We divided the sample into four subgroups: patients without suicide ideation or suicide attempts; patients with current suicide ideation; patients with lifetime suicide attempts and patients with a suicide attempt in the previous year...
December 22, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995358/ecological-momentary-assessment-of-affective-and-interpersonal-instability-in-adolescent-non-suicidal-self-injury
#18
Philip S Santangelo, Julian Koenig, Vera Funke, Peter Parzer, Franz Resch, Ulrich W Ebner-Priemer, Michael Kaess
Affective and interpersonal instability, both core features of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD), have been suggested to underlie non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) is the method of choice when investigating dynamic processes. Previously no study addressed affective and interpersonal instability in daily life of adolescents engaging in NSSI. Female adolescents with NSSI (n = 26) and age- and sex-matched healthy controls (n = 20) carried e-diaries on 2 consecutive weekends and were prompted in hourly intervals to rate their momentary affective state and feelings of attachment towards their mother and best friend...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991808/suicide-and-self-injury-related-implicit-cognition-a-large-scale-examination-and-replication
#19
Jeffrey J Glenn, Alexandra J Werntz, S J Katarina Slama, Shari A Steinman, Bethany A Teachman, Matthew K Nock
Suicide and self-injury are difficult to predict because at-risk individuals are often unable or unwilling to report their intentions. Therefore, tools to reliably assess risk without reliance on self-report are critically needed. Prior research suggests that people who engage in suicidal and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) often implicitly (i.e., outside conscious control) associate themselves with self-harm and death, indicating that self-harm-related implicit cognition may serve as a useful behavioral marker for suicide risk...
February 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978502/associations-between-emotion-regulation-difficulties-eating-disorder-symptoms-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-suicide-attempts-in-a-heterogeneous-eating-disorder-sample
#20
Emily M Pisetsky, Ann F Haynos, Jason M Lavender, Scott J Crow, Carol B Peterson
BACKGROUND: This study examined the associations between specific dimensions of emotion dysregulation and eating disorder (ED) symptoms and behaviors, non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), and suicide attempts in a heterogeneous ED sample. METHODS: Participants (N=110) completed the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS), the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q), and self-reported the presence of lifetime NSSI and a lifetime suicide attempt. RESULTS: The EDE-Q global score, a primarily cognitive measure of ED symptoms, was significantly positively correlated with DERS strategies, clarity, and awareness subscale scores and DERS total score (ps<0...
February 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
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