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Cancer rehab

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419206/short-term-preoperative-exercise-therapy-does-not-improve-long-term-outcome-after-lung-cancer-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-study%C3%A2
#1
Wolfram Karenovics, Marc Licker, Christoph Ellenberger, Michel Christodoulou, John Diaper, Chetna Bhatia, John Robert, Pierre-Olivier Bridevaux, Frédéric Triponez
OBJECTIVES: Poor aerobic fitness is a potential modifiable risk factor for long-term survival and quality of life in patients with lung cancer. This randomized trial evaluates the impact of adding rehabilitation (Rehab) with high-intensity interval training (HIIT) before lung cancer surgery to enhance cardiorespiratory fitness and improve long-term postoperative outcome. METHODS: Patients with operable lung cancer were randomly assigned to usual care (UC, n  = 77) or to intervention group (Rehab, n  = 74) that entailed HIIT that was implemented only preoperatively...
April 17, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396717/annexin-a2-as-a-biomarker-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-egyptian-patients
#2
Mohamed K Shaker, Hanzada I Abdel Fattah, Ghada S Sabbour, Iman F Montasser, Sara M Abdelhakam, Eman El Hadidy, Rehab Yousry, Ahmed K El Dorry
AIM: To investigate the clinical utility of serum annexin A2 (ANXA2) as a diagnostic marker for early hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: This study was performed in HCC Clinic of Ain Shams University Hospitals, Cairo, Egypt and included: Group 1: Fifty patients with early stage HCC (Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage A); Group 2: Twenty five patients with chronic liver disease; and Control Group: Fifteen healthy, age- and sex-matched subjects who were seronegative for viral hepatitis markers...
March 28, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384913/study-of-dickkopf-1-dkk-1-gene-expression-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-patients
#3
Mona Watany, Rehab Badawi, Walaa Elkhalawany, Sherief Abd-Elsalam
INTRODUCTION: Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) is the sixth most common cancer in the world. Dickkopf -1 (DKK-1) protein is a new biomarker used in conjunction with Alpha Fetoprotein (AFP) to differentiate HCC from "non-malignant" liver disease. DKK-1 is an inhibitor of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway which is involved in embryogenesis and has been implicated in tumorigenesis in many tissues. AIM: To investigate the level of DKK-1 gene expression in the peripheral blood of patients with HCC who had a history of Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) and schistosomal infections...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340377/possible-protective-effect-of-royal-jelly-against-cyclophosphamide-induced-prostatic-damage-in-male-albino-rats-a-biochemical-histological-and-immuno-histo-chemical-study
#4
Sara Mohammed Naguib Abdel-Hafez, Rehab Ahmed Rifaai, Walaa Yehia Abdelzaher
Almost all the chemotherapy treat many cancer types effectively, but it leads to severe side effects. Chemotherapy like cyclophosphamide (CP) not works only on the active cells, such as cancer cells, but also acts on the healthy cells. Royal jelly (RJ) was reported to have a lot of therapeutic effects besides being an anti-oxidant and anti-cancer agent. The purpose of this study was to assess the possible protective role of RJ in ameliorating the toxic effects of CP overdose in the rat prostatic tissue. The rats were separated into 4 groups; control group, RJ group, CP group and RJ with CP group...
June 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214928/dendritic-cell-rehab-new-strategies-to-unleash-therapeutic-immunity-in-ovarian-cancer
#5
REVIEW
Chang-Suk Chae, Eli Teran-Cabanillas, Juan R Cubillos-Ruiz
Immune-based therapies that induce remarkable and durable responses against melanoma and lung cancer have unfortunately demonstrated limited success in ovarian cancer patients. This is likely due to the exceptional immunoregulatory nature of ovarian tumors, which employ numerous strategies to effectively suppress anti-tumor immunity. Here, we summarize a decade of research indicating that ovarian cancers possess an exquisite capacity to subvert the activity of host dendritic cells (DCs) as a key mechanism to impede the development and maintenance of protective T cell-based immune responses...
February 18, 2017: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy: CII
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105363/incidence-and-survival-rates-of-ovarian-cancer-in-low-income-women-in-sudan
#6
Dafalla O Abuidris, Hsin-Yi Weng, Ahmed M Elhaj, Elgaylani Abdallah Eltayeb, Mohamed Elsanousi, Rehab S Ibnoof, Sulma I Mohammed
Ovarian cancer is the second most common gynecological cancer worldwide. Little is known about the disease in Sudan. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the incidence rate, age and stage at diagnosis, and median survival time of patients presenting at the National Cancer Institute-University of Gezira (NCI-UG), Sudan. Data were collected in a prospective study of women with ovarian cancer over a period of eleven years of follow-up (between 2000 and 2011). Descriptive statistics were used to summarize the distribution of the demographics of the sample...
December 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892682/can-serum-icam-1-distinguish-pancreatic-cancer-from-chronic-pancreatitis
#7
amal mohamed, Yasmine Saad, Doaa Saleh, Rehab Elawady, Rasha Eletreby, Ahmad S Kharalla, Eman Badr
Background and aim: Pancreatic cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide, with an overall 5-year survival of <5% mainly due to presence of advanced disease at time of diagnosis. Therefore development of valid biomarkers to diagnose pancreatic cancer in early stages is an urgent need. This study concerned the sensitivity and specificity of serum ICAM 1 versus CA 19-9 in differentiation between pancreatic cancer and healthy subjects and acohort of patients with chronic pancreatitis with a focus on assessing validity in diagnosis of early stages of pancreatic cancer...
October 1, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885099/rotationplasty-in-adult-cancer-patients-what-is-the-rehab-strategy-and-what-results-can-be-expected-a-case-study
#8
Mattia Morri, Cristiana Forni
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Rotationplasty is an important and demanding challenge for physiotherapists. The aim of this paper is to describe the functional outcome achieved by a patient undergoing rotationplasty in adult age following osteosarcoma. CASE DESCRIPTION AND METHODS: The patient was followed throughout the rehabilitation course and the results achieved were recorded at 6, 9 and 12 months after surgery. FINDINGS AND OUTCOMES: The results progressively improved in terms of function, functional performance and quality of life...
November 24, 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771425/short-term-preoperative-high-intensity-interval-training-in-patients-awaiting-lung-cancer-surgery-a%C3%A2-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Marc Licker, Wolfram Karenovics, John Diaper, Isabelle Frésard, Frédéric Triponez, Christoph Ellenberger, Raoul Schorer, Bengt Kayser, Pierre-Olivier Bridevaux
INTRODUCTION: Impairment in aerobic fitness is a potential modifiable risk factor for postoperative complications. In this randomized controlled trial, we hypothesized that a high-intensity interval training (HIIT) program enhances cardiorespiratory fitness before lung cancer surgery and therefore reduces the risk of postoperative complications. METHODS: Patients with operable lung cancer were randomly assigned to usual care (UC) (n = 77) or preoperative rehabilitation based on HIIT (Rehab) (n = 74)...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686263/dna-repair-genes-polymorphisms-and-risk-of-colorectal-cancer-in-saudi-patients
#10
Rehab A Karam, Bilal O Al Jiffry, Mohamed Al Saeed, Tamer M Abd El Rahman, Mohamed Hatem, Mona G Amer
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Polymorphisms in the DNA repair genes may influence individual capacity to repair DNA damage, which may be associated with increased genetic instability and carcinogenesis. Our aim was to evaluate the relation of genetic polymorphisms in 2 DNA repair genes, XPD Lys751Gln and XRCC1 (A399G), with colorectal cancer (CRC) susceptibility. We further investigated the potential effect of these DNA repair variants on clinicopathological parameters of CRC patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Both XPD and XRCC1 polymorphisms were characterised in one hundred CRC patients and one hundred healthy controls who had no history of any malignancy by polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method and PCR with confronting two-pair primers (PCR-CTPP), using DNA from peripheral blood in a case control study...
September 2016: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667706/enhanced-in-vitro-cytotoxicity-and-anti-tumor-activity-of-vorinostat-loaded-pluronic-micelles-with-prolonged-release-and-reduced-hepatic-and-renal-toxicities
#11
Elham Abdelmonem Mohamed, Irhan Ibrahim Abu Hashim, Rehab Mohammad Yusif, Ghada Mohamed Suddek, Ahmed Abdel Aziz Shaaban, Farid Abd Elreheem Badria
Vorinostat is the first histone deacetylase inhibitor approved by US FDA for use in cancer therapy. However, its limited aqueous solubility, low permeability, and suboptimal pharmacokinetics hinder its delivery. Thus, in this study, micelles of vorinostat with each of pluronic F68 (PF68) and pluronic F127 (PF127) were developed and optimized based on drug loading and entrapment. The optimized micelles were characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffractometry (XRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), zeta analyzer, and electron transmission microscopy...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27495153/w44x-mutation-in-the-wwox-gene-causes-intractable-seizures-and-developmental-delay-a-case-report
#12
Loai Elsaadany, Mahmoud El-Said, Rehab Ali, Hussein Kamel, Tawfeg Ben-Omran
BACKGROUND: WW domain containing oxidoreductase (WWOX) gene was cloned in 2000; alteration has been seen in many cancer cells. It acts as a tumor suppresser by blocking cell growth and causing apoptosis. WWOX protein showed different expression of mice brain and spinal cord, for which deletion causes seizure and early death. CASE PRESENTATION: Clinical and molecular characteristics of a consanguineous family show a homozygous mutation of WWOX gene at specific bases, causing a debilitating syndrome characterized by growth retardation, intractable epilepsy, intellectual disability, and early death...
August 5, 2016: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27458536/the-oncofetal-protein-imp3-is-an-indicator-of-early-recurrence-and-poor-outcome-in-mucoepidermoid-carcinoma-of-salivary-glands
#13
Mohamed R Elshafey, Rehab A Ahmed, Mohamed I Mourad, Essam T Gaballah
OBJECTIVE: Mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) is the most common primary malignancy of the salivary glands. Insulin-like growth factor-II mRNA-binding protein-3 (IMP3) is an important prognostic factor in some cancers and a tool that differentiates between benign and malignant pancreatic lesions. This study aimed to identify a relationship between the expression of IMP3 and the outcome of salivary gland MEC, as well as to differentiate MEC from pleomorphic adenoma (PA). METHODS: Tissue specimens from 70 cases of salivary gland MEC, 40 cases of PA, and 10 cases with normal salivary gland were examined immunohistochemically for IMP3...
June 2016: Cancer Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27370648/quality-of-care-provided-to-prostate-cancer-pc-patients-for-prevention-and-treatment-of-osteoporosis-induced-by-androgen-deprivation-therapy-adt
#14
Rehab Chahin, Husayn Gulamhusein, Henriette Breunis, Shabbir M H Alibhai
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to evaluate the quality of care (QOC) and use of validated risk algorithms provided in a specialized osteoporosis clinic to men with prostate cancer on androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) who are at risk of bone loss and fragility fractures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Charts for 100 consecutive men (mean age 73.0 years) on ADT referred to a tertiary osteoporosis clinic in Toronto, Canada between 2010 and 2014 were reviewed. The following QOC issues were examined: (a) bone health services provided, i...
November 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27336155/serum-vitamin-d-and-vitamin-d-receptor-gene-polymorphism-in-mycosis-fungoides-patients-a-case-control-study
#15
Hoda Rasheed, Rehab A Hegazy, Heba I Gawdat, Dina A Mehaney, Marwa M Kamel, Marwa M Fawzy, Mohammed M Nooh, Hebatallah A Darwish
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D has been considered a key player in various malignancies including cutaneous cancers. To date, mycosis fungoides (MF) has been the least studied in relation to vitamin D. Furthermore, the vitamin D receptor (VDR) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have not been tackled before in the context of MF, despite their incrimination in numerous diseases. AIM OF STUDY: To assess the role of vitamin D in MF by measuring its serum level, and studying VDR SNPs (TaqI, BsmI, FokI) in different stages of MF...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27259667/fibroblast-growth-factor-receptor-1-and-cytokeratin-20-expressions-and-their-relation-to-prognostic-variables-in-bladder-cancer
#16
Rehab S Abdul-Maksoud, Sally M Shalaby, Walid S H Elsayed, Saad Elkady
BACKGROUND: Tumor grade and stage are currently the most important prognostic variables in bladder cancer but establishing additional criteria is still needed for effective treatment. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess the expression of fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1) and cytokeratin 20 (CK20) in cancer bladder (CB) and to evaluate their association with the clinicopathological features of the disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 80 patients diagnosed as bladder cancer of different stages and grades and 80 patients with nonmalignant urothelial diseases of matched age and sex to the malignant group...
October 15, 2016: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27221862/colon-cancer-among-older-saudis-awareness-of-risk-factors-and-early-signs-and-perceived-barriers-to-screening
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Yasmine Samir Galal, Tarek Tawfik Amin, Abdulelah Khalid Alarfaj, Abdulaziz Abdullah Almulhim, Abdullah Abdulmohsen Aljughaiman, Abdulrhaman Khaled Almulla, Rehab Ahmed Abdelhai
BACKGROUND: Colon cancer screening (CRCS) uptake is markedly affected by public awareness of the disease. This study was conducted to assess levels of knowledge of CRC, to explore the pattern of CRCS uptake and identify possible barriers to screening among Saudis older than 50 years of age and primary care providers (PCPs) in Al Hassa region, Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in randomly selected primary health care (PHC) centers, 884 Saudis and 39 PCPs being enrolled for data collection...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26990747/the-role-of-hepsin-in-endometrial-carcinoma
#18
Hala S El Rebey, Mona A-H Kandil, Rehab M Samaka, Dalia R Al-Sharaky, Karim El Deeb
PURPOSE: Endometrial carcinoma is the sixth most common cancer in women worldwide and the most common invasive cancer of the female genital tract in developed countries. It is hoped that through a better understanding of the alterations implicated in endometrial cancer pathogenesis and prognosis, a more complete profile of risk factors and targeted therapy can be developed. Hepsin is a member of the type II transmembrane serine protease family. The importance of hepsin in prostate cancer has been demonstrated by several studies...
March 17, 2016: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26644915/vitamin-d-and-the-skin-focus-on-a-complex-relationship-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Wedad Z Mostafa, Rehab A Hegazy
The "sunshine" vitamin is a hot topic that attracted ample attention over the past decades, specially that a considerable proportion of the worldwide population are deficient in this essential nutrient. Vitamin D was primarily acknowledged for its importance in bone formation, however; increasing evidence point to its interference with the proper function of nearly every tissue in our bodies including brain, heart, muscles, immune system and skin. Thereby its deficiency has been incriminated in a long panel of diseases including cancers, autoimmune diseases, cardiovascular and neurological disorders...
November 2015: Journal of Advanced Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26576966/-i-didn-t-actually-know-there-was-such-a-thing-as-rehab-survivor-family-and-clinician-perceptions-of-rehabilitation-following-treatment-for-head-and-neck-cancer
#20
Sara McEwen, Ana Maria Rodriguez, Rosemary Martino, Ian Poon, Colleen Dunphy, Jorge Norman Rios, Jolie Ringash
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to obtain first-hand contributions from survivors, family members, and front-line health care professionals regarding the rehabilitation needs for head and neck cancer (HNC) patients, to inform development of a rehabilitation intervention. METHODS: The researchers conducted a series of focus groups with the three key stakeholder groups. RESULTS: A total of seven focus groups with 40 participants were conducted, two with survivors, one with family members, and four with health care professionals...
April 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
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