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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888138/the-quality-of-placebos-used-in-randomized-controlled-trials-of-lumbar-and-pelvic-joint-thrust-manipulation-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Aaron A Puhl, Christine J Reinhart, Jon B Doan, Howard Vernon
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) has been attributed with substantial non-specific effects. Accurate assessment of the non-specific effects of SMT relies on high-quality studies with low risk of bias that compare to appropriate placebos. PURPOSE: This review aims to characterize the types and qualities of placebo control procedures used in controlled trials of manually-applied, lumbar and pelvic (LP) SMT, and to evaluate the assessment of subject blinding and expectations...
November 22, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27584868/addressing-the-challenges-of-pathogen-evolution-on-the-world-s-arable-crops
#2
Jeremy J Burdon, Jiasui Zhan, Luke G Barrett, Julien Papaïx, Peter H Thrall
Advances in genomic and molecular technologies coupled with an increasing understanding of the fine structure of many resistance and infectivity genes, have opened up a new era of hope in controlling the many plant pathogens that continue to be a major source of loss in arable crops. Some new approaches are under consideration including the use of nonhost resistance and the targeting of critical developmental constraints. However, the major thrust of these genomic and molecular approaches is to enhance the identification of resistance genes, to increase their ease of manipulation through marker and gene editing technologies and to lock a range of resistance genes together in simply manipulable resistance gene cassettes...
August 31, 2016: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27559284/a-model-for-teaching-and-learning-spinal-thrust-manipulation-and-its-effect-on-participant-confidence-in-technique-performance
#3
Christopher H Wise, Ronald J Schenk, Jill Black Lattanzi
BACKGROUND: Despite emerging evidence to support the use of high velocity thrust manipulation in the management of lumbar spinal conditions, utilization of thrust manipulation among clinicians remains relatively low. One reason for the underutilization of these procedures may be related to disparity in training in the performance of these techniques at the professional and post professional levels. PURPOSE: To assess the effect of using a new model of active learning on participant confidence in the performance of spinal thrust manipulation and the implications for its use in the professional and post-professional training of physical therapists...
July 2016: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27559278/cervicothoracic-junction-thrust-manipulation-in-the-multimodal-management-of-a-patient-with-temporomandibular-disorder
#4
Dhinu J Jayaseelan, Nancy S Tow
Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is a common condition that can be difficult to manage in physical therapy. A number of interventions, such as manual therapy, therapeutic exercise, and patient education have typically been used in some combination. However, the evidence regarding thrust manipulation of not only the local but also adjacent segments is sparse. Specifically, the use of cervicothoracic (CT) junction thrust manipulation has not previously been described in the management of individuals with TMD...
May 2016: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501193/visualizing-motion-patterns-in-acupuncture-manipulation
#5
Ye-Seul Lee, Won-Mo Jung, In-Seon Lee, Hyangsook Lee, Hi-Joon Park, Younbyoung Chae
Acupuncture manipulation varies widely among practitioners in clinical settings, and it is difficult to teach novice students how to perform acupuncture manipulation techniques skillfully. The Acupuncture Manipulation Education System (AMES) is an open source software system designed to enhance acupuncture manipulation skills using visual feedback. Using a phantom acupoint and motion sensor, our method for acupuncture manipulation training provides visual feedback regarding the actual movement of the student's acupuncture manipulation in addition to the optimal or intended movement, regardless of whether the manipulation skill is lifting, thrusting, or rotating...
2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27422591/how-should-we-teach-lumbar-manipulation-a-consensus-study
#6
Michael O'Donnell, Jo Armour Smith, Alex Abzug, Kornelia Kulig
BACKGROUND: Spinal manipulation is an effective intervention for low back pain, yet there is little consistency in how this skill is taught. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to identify what educators and clinicians believe are important characteristics of the patient and operator position prior to side-lying lumbar manipulation and the patient position and operator motion during the manipulative thrust. DESIGN: A multi-disciplinary correspondence-based Delphi method...
September 2016: Manual Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27308256/a-comparison-of-ketamine-versus-etomidate-for-procedural-sedation-for-the-reduction-of-large-joint-dislocations
#7
Philip Salen, Michelle Grossman, Michael Grossman, Anthony Milazzo, Jill Stoltzfus
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Ketamine and etomidate are used for procedural sedation (PS) to facilitate the performance of painful procedures. We hypothesized that ketamine produces adequate and comparable sedation conditions for dislocated large joint reduction when compared to etomidate and results in fewer adverse events. METHODS: This Institutional Review Board approved prospective trial compared a convenience sample of subjects, who were randomized to receive either ketamine or etomidate for PS to facilitate reduction of large joint dislocations...
April 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27266885/the-effect-of-velocity-of-joint-mobilization-on-corticospinal-excitability-in-individuals-with-a-history-of-ankle-sprain
#8
Beth E Fisher, Andrew Piraino, Ya-Yun Lee, Jo Armour Smith, Sean Johnson, Todd E Davenport, Kornelia Kulig
Study Design Controlled laboratory study. Background Joint mobilization and manipulation decrease pain and improve patient function. Yet, the processes underlying these changes are not well understood. Measures of corticospinal excitability provide insight into potential mechanisms mediated by the central nervous system. Objectives To investigate the differential effects of joint mobilization and manipulation at the talocrural joint on corticospinal excitability in individuals with resolved symptoms following ankle sprain...
July 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27158051/a-reduction-in-the-knee-adduction-moment-with-medial-thrust-gait-is-associated-with-a-medial-shift-in-center-of-plantar-pressure
#9
Christopher Ferrigno, Markus A Wimmer, Robert M Trombley, Hannah J Lundberg, Najia Shakoor, Laura E Thorp
The knee adduction moment (KAM) is an established marker of compartmental load distribution across the tibiofemoral joint. Research suggests a link between the magnitude of the KAM and center of plantar pressure (COP) thus alterations in the two may be related. The objective of this study was to investigate whether the COP predictably shifts when the KAM is reduced through a gait adaptation. Twenty healthy adults underwent gait analysis walking with their normal gait pattern and with medial thrust gait, a gait adaptation known to significantly reduce the KAM...
July 2016: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27072513/methods-of-muscle-activation-onset-timing-recorded-during-spinal-manipulation
#10
Stuart J Currie, Casey A Myers, Ashok Krishnamurthy, Brian A Enebo, Bradley S Davidson
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine electromyographic threshold parameters that most reliably characterize the muscular response to spinal manipulation and compare 2 methods that detect muscle activity onset delay: the double-threshold method and cross-correlation method. METHODS: Surface and indwelling electromyography were recorded during lumbar side-lying manipulations in 17 asymptomatic participants. Muscle activity onset delays in relation to the thrusting force were compared across methods and muscles using a generalized linear model...
May 2016: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27059248/changes-in-manipulative-peak-force-modulation-and-time-to-peak-thrust-among-first-year-chiropractic-students-following-a-12-week-detraining-period
#11
David J Starmer, Brett P Guist, Taylor R Tuff, Sarah C Warren, Matthew G R Williams
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze differences in peak force modulation and time-to-peak thrust in posterior-to-anterior (PA) high-velocity-low-amplitude (HVLA) manipulations in first-year chiropractic students prior to and following a 12-week detraining period. METHODS: Chiropractic students (n=125) performed 2 thrusts prior to and following a 12-week detraining period: total peak force targets were 400 and 600 N, on a force-sensing table using a PA hand contact of the participant's choice (bilateral hypothenar, bilateral thenar, or cross bilateral)...
May 2016: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27049600/lumbar-thrust-manipulation-and-exercise-for-the-treatment-of-mechanical-low-back-pain-in-adolescents-a-case-series
#12
Zachary Walston, Dale Yake
Study Design Case series. Background Low back pain (LBP) is an increasing problem in health care. The evidence for the use of spinal manipulative therapy to treat pediatric patients with LBP is minimal. The treatment of pediatrics with manual therapy, particularly spinal manipulation, is controversial within the medical community, primarily with respect to adverse events. The purpose of this case series was to illustrate the feasibility and safety of lumbar manipulation plus exercise in the adolescent population with mechanical LBP...
May 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27012575/manual-therapy-improved-signs-and-symptoms-of-temporomandibular-disorders
#13
COMMENT
Gaston Coutsiers Morell
DATA SOURCES: Medline, Cochrane, Web of Science, SciELO and Embase databases from 1993-2014. STUDY SELECTION: Randomised Controlled Trials (RCTs) comparing a manual therapy physical therapy intervention to a reference group (placebo intervention, controlled comparison intervention, standard treatment or other treatment). DATA EXTRACTION AND SYNTHESIS: Two independent reviewers abstracted data and assessed quality and clinical relevance of each paper...
March 2016: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26998630/learning-spinal-manipulation-a-best-evidence-synthesis-of-teaching-methods
#14
Brynne E Stainsby, Michelle C S Clarke, Jade R Egonia
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of different reported methods used to teach spinal manipulative therapy to chiropractic students. METHODS: For this best-evidence literature synthesis, 5 electronic databases were searched from 1900 to 2015. Eligible studies were critically appraised using the criteria of the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network. Scientifically admissible studies were synthesized following best-evidence synthesis principles...
March 21, 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26954273/a-prescriptively-selected-nonthrust-manipulation-versus-a-therapist-selected-nonthrust-manipulation-for-treatment-of-individuals-with-low-back-pain-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
Megan Donaldson, Shannon Petersen, Chad Cook, Ken Learman
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. BACKGROUND: Several studies that have investigated the effects of a therapist-selected versus a randomly assigned segmental approach have looked at immediate effects only for pain-related outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To examine differences in outcomes following a therapist-selected nonthrust manipulation versus a prescriptively selected nonthrust manipulation in subjects with low back pain. METHODS: Subjects with mechanically producible low back pain were randomly treated with nonthrust manipulation in a therapist-selected approach or a prescriptively selected approach...
April 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26917935/thoracic-manual-therapy-in-the-management-of-non-specific-shoulder-pain-a-systematic-review
#16
Aimie L Peek, Caroline Miller, Nicola R Heneghan
OBJECTIVES: Non-specific shoulder pain (NSSP) is often persistent and disabling leading to high socioeconomic costs. Cervical manipulation has demonstrated improvements in patients with NSSP, although risks associated with thrust techniques are documented. Thoracic manual therapy (TMT) may utilise similar neurophysiological effects with less risk. The current evidence for TMT in treating NSSP is limited to systematic reviews of manual therapy (MT) applied to the upper quadrant. These reviews included trials that used shoulder girdle manual therapy (SG-MT) in the TMT group...
September 2015: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26917934/to-letter-to-the-editor-safety-of-thrust-joint-manipulation-in-the-thoracic-spine-a-systematic-review
#17
Emilio J Puentedura, William H O'Grady
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2015: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26917933/safety-of-thrust-joint-manipulation-in-the-thoracic-spine-a-systematic-review
#18
Roger Mark Engel, Subramanyam R Vemulpad, Paul Dougherty
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2015: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26887215/-basic-characteristics-of-simplex-reinforcing-and-reducing-manipulations-of-filiform-acupuncture-needle-in-clinical-practice-based-upon-data-mining
#19
REVIEW
June-lei Li, Chun-sheng Jia, Jian-ling Wang, Qing-qing Yang, Xin-xin Feng, Zhan-na Tan, Bo-ying Li, Xue-liang Zhu, Jing Shi, Yan-hui Sun, Jing Xu, Xiao-feng Li, Xuan-ping Zhang, Xin Zhang, Yu-zhu Du, Na Bao, Qiong Wang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the regularities and features of clinical application of simplex reinforcing or reducing manipulation of filiform acupuncture needles by data mining in order to guide clinical decision in a better way. METHODS: A database about simplex reinforcing and reducing manipulations of filiform acupuncture needle was established first after collection, sorting, screening, type-in, and collation of the related papers, academic dissertations and theses of academic conferences published from January 1st of 1950 to January 31 of 2015 by using key word "acupuncture" "acupuncture and moxibustion" "needle manipulation" and "filiform needle" from database of China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI, a full-text database of Chinese journals), followed by data extraction and statistical analysis...
December 2015: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26887213/-effect-of-electroacupuncture-intervention-on-rehabilitation-of-upper-limb-motor-function-in-patients-with-ischemic-stroke
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jia-shun Yang, Xiao Gao, Ru Sun, Xuan Wang, Hong Wang, Ju-chan Zhang, Hai-shu Sun
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electro-elongated needle intervention on rehabilitation of upper limb motor function in patients with ischemic stroke. METHODS: A total of 100 ischemic stroke patients were equally and randomly divided into manual acupuncture group and electro-elongated needle group (n=50 cases/group). For patients of the manual acupuncture group, filiform needles were respectively inserted into Jianyu (LI 15), Jiquan (HT 1), Shousanli (LI 10), Neiguan (PC 6) and Hegu (LI 4) on the affected side, manipulated with lifting-thrusting reinforcing or reducing method for 40 min, once daily for two weeks except the weekends, and for those of the electro-elongated needle group, elongated needles were repeatedly penetrated from LI 15 to Binao (LI 14), and from LI 10 to Waiguan (TE 5) on the affected side, followed by electrical stimulation for 40 min, once daily for two weeks except weekends...
December 2015: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
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