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Kuisma Littunen, Galina Mai-Gisondi, Jukka Seppälä, Emma R Master
Wheat arabinoxylan was treated with two α-arabinofuranosidases exhibiting different mode of action to create three different polymeric substrates. These three substrate preparations were characterized by xylopyranose backbone sugars that are (1) singly substituted by arabinose at C2 or C3, (2) doubly substituted by arabinose at C2 and C3, and (3) largely unsubstituted. All xylan preparations were grafted with glycidyl methacrylate using cerium ammonium nitrate and then evaluated in terms of graft yield and adsorption to cellulose surfaces...
April 21, 2017: Biomacromolecules
Ganggang Kong, Wei Ji, Zucheng Huang, Junhao Liu, Jianting Chen, Qingan Zhu
Translaminar screw fixation (TSF) of the axis is considered as an efficient, safe and simple surgical procedure, however the study of the potential risk of TSF to the transverse foramen in lower cervical spine is lacked. Head-neck CT images of 60 patients were included in this study. Maximum screw length, laminar thickness, the screw angle and the laminar height were measured. The feasibility of 3.5-mm diameter screw fixation and the potential risk of transverse foramen injury was analyzed. The TSF was safe at C3 and C4, but risky to the transverse foraman at a rate of 8...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
Bence Kutus, Norbert Varga, Gábor Peintler, Alexandru Lupan, Amr A A Attia, István Pálinkó, Pál Sipos
The complex formation between Nd(iii) and d-gluconate (Gluc(-)) is of relevance in modelling the chemical equilibria of radioactive waste repositories. In the present work, the formation of NdpGlucqH-r complexes at 25 °C and pH = 2-8 was studied via spectrophotometry, potentiometry, freezing point depression, conductometry and NMR spectroscopy. In addition to the four mononuclear complexes (pq-r = 110, 120, 130 and 11-2), the formation of two binuclear, so far unknown complexes (pq-r = 23-2 and 24-2) was revealed...
April 21, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Yan-Lin Guo, Wei-Dan Jiang, Pei Wu, Yang Liu, Xiao-Qiu Zhou, Sheng-Yao Kuang, Ling Tang, Wu-Neng Tang, Yong-An Zhang, Lin Feng
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary iron on the growth, and immune function and structural integrity in head kidney, spleen and skin as well as the underlying signaling of young grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). Total 630 grass carp (242.32 ± 0.58 g) were fed diets containing graded levels of iron at 12.15 (basal diet), 35.38, 63.47, 86.43, 111.09, 136.37 mg/kg (diets 2-6 were added with ferrous fumarate) and 73.50 mg/kg (diet 7 was added with ferrous sulfate) diet for 60 days...
April 17, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Maria Adelaide Marini, Teresa Vanessa Fiorentino, Elena Succurro, Elisabetta Pedace, Francesco Andreozzi, Angela Sciacqua, Francesco Perticone, Giorgio Sesti
Hemoglobin glycation index (HGI), defined as the difference between the observed HbA1c value and the value of HbA1c predicted from plasma glucose levels, represents a measure of the degree of non-enzymatic glycation of hemoglobin and it has been found to be positively associated with micro- and macro-vascular complications in subjects with type 2 diabetes. To investigate the pathophysiological abnormalities responsible for the increased cardiovascular risk of patients with higher HGI, we evaluated the association of HGI with cardio-metabolic characteristics in nondiabetic offspring of type 2 diabetic individuals...
2017: PloS One
Werner Keenswijk, Johan Vande Walle
A 2-year-old boy presented with severe hypotension and acute kidney injury after a prodrome of non-bloody diarrhoea and fever in the preceding 3 days. He had a mild Ebstein cardiac anomaly but otherwise a normal past history and growth. On examination, he looked ill, his temperature was 37.5 °C, circulation was poor, and there were several purpuric lesions on the face, hands and scrotum. Haemoglobin was 7.8 g/dL (11-14), total white cell count 27 × 10(9)/L, platelets 62 × 10(9)/L, blood urea nitrogen 20...
April 20, 2017: Paediatrics and International Child Health
Sheng Wu, Xiao-Hong Jian, Hua Yuan, Wen-Bing Jin, Yue Yin, Ling-Yun Wang, Juan Zhao, Gong-Li Tang
CC-1065 is the first characterized member of a family of naturally occurring antibiotics including yatakemycin and duocarmycins with exceptionally potent anti-tumor activity. CC-1065 contains three benzodipyrroles (1a-, 1b- and 1c-) of which 1a-subunit is remarkable by being composed of a cyclopropane ring, and the mechanism for the biological formation of benzodipyrrole rings remains elusive. Previously, biosynthetic studies of CC-1065 were limited to radioactively labelled precursor feeding experiments, which showed that tyrosine (Tyr) and serine (Ser) were incorporated into the two benzodipyrrole (1b- and 1c-) subunits via the same mode but that this was different from the key cyclopropabenzodipyrrole (1a-) subunit with N1-C2-C3 derived from Ser...
April 20, 2017: ACS Chemical Biology
Sangseok Lee, Haeri Lee, Ok-Sang Jung
Self-assembly of Zn(ClO4)2 with 1,3,5-tris(dimethyl(pyridin-3-yl)silyl)benzene (L) as a new C3-symmetric tridentate N-donor gives rise to a discrete sandwich-shaped M3L2 architecture, [Zn3(μ-OH)3L2](ClO4)3·4CH3CN·2H2O. Its blue photoluminescence is significantly quenched only by CH2I2 among the various small molecules, CH2Cl2, CH2Br2, CHCl3, 1,2-dichloroethane, EtOH, CH3CN, benzene, toluene, and phenol.
April 20, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Laura L Cooling, John Sherbeck, Jonathon C Mowers, Sheri L Hugan
Ipilimumab, nivolumab, and pembrolizumab represent a new class of immunotherapeutic drugs for treating patients with advanced cancer. Known as checkpoint inhibitors, these drugs act to upregulate the cellular and humoral immune response to tumor antigens by inhibiting T-cell autoregulation. As a consequence, they can be associated with immune-related adverse events (irAEs) due to loss of self-tolerance, including rare cases of immune-related cytopenias. We performed a retrospective clinical chart review, including serologic, hematology, and chemistry laboratory results, of two patients who developed red blood cell (RBC) autoantibodies during treatment with a checkpoint inhibitor...
January 2017: Immunohematology
Maximilian D Palkowitz, Bo Tan, Haitao Hu, Kenneth Roth, Renato A Bauer
Acyl azetidines exhibit nonplanar hybridization, leading to lower amide-like character of the corresponding (O)C-N bonds. This impacts N-acryloyl azetidines by producing enhanced electrophilicy at appended Michael acceptors. Herein, reactivity data are reported in the presence of glutathione (GSH) in phosphate buffer (pH 7.4) at 37 °C. Wide reactivity ranges are observed by varying substitution at the Michael acceptor or by modulating the electron-withdrawing character of substituents at the C3 position of the azetidine...
April 20, 2017: Organic Letters
Ieng Chim Steven Wan, Martin D Witte, Adriaan J Minnaard
Site-selective photoredox reactions with somophiles readily enable branching of the carbon skeleton of unprotected glucosides, allosides, and xylosides regioselectively at C3. These reactions open the possibility of selective C-C bond formation in monosaccharides without multi-step protection-deprotection strategies.
April 20, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Xiaoyu Wu, Xuehe Lu, Luo Ge, Cang Cheng, Jie Chen, Weiguo Cao
In contrast to the well-studied asymmetric catalyzed synthesis of tetrahydroquinolines, the asymmetric methodologies toward 3,4-dihydroquinolin-2-ones are quite rare. Herein, we report the first asymmetric cascade reaction between ethynyl benzoxazinanones and mixed-anhydride generated from aryl acetic acid and pivaloyl chloride, based on synergistic catalysis. This methodology allows the formation of attractive 3,4-dihydroquinolin-2-ones bearing two vicinal chiral centers at C3 and C4 in high yields with excellent diastereo- and enantioselectivities...
April 19, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
Yong Ling, Jiao Feng, Lin Luo, Jing Guo, Yanfu Peng, Tingting Wang, Xiang Ge, Qibing Xu, Xinyang Wang, Hong Dai, Yanan Zhang
A series of hydroxamic acid histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors in which the β-carboline motif has been incorporated were designed and synthesized. The effect of substitution at the C3 amide on HDAC inhibition and antiproliferative activities was investigated. Most of these compounds were found to display significant HDAC inhibitory effects and good antiproliferative activity, with IC50 values in the low-micromolar range. In particular, the HDAC inhibition IC50 value of N-(2-(dimethylamino)ethyl)-N-(4-(hydroxylcarbamoyl)benzyl)-1-(4-methoxyphenyl)-9H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole-3-carboxamide (9 h) is five-fold lower than that of suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA, vorinostat)...
April 20, 2017: ChemMedChem
E J Ter Borg, J C Kelder
To investigate in a long-term study, the development of new extra-glandular manifestations (EGM) or associated auto-immune diseases (AID) from 1 year after establishing the diagnosis of primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). The primary goal was to examine the frequency and type of these manifestations and to find out which demographic, clinical and serological profile was most at risk. All outpatients diagnosed with primary Sjögren's syndrome were included in a retrospective study, with at least one check-up per year, from June 1991 until August 2015...
April 19, 2017: Rheumatology International
Yu-Nong Gong, Shu-Li Yang, Guang-Wu Chen, Yu-Wen Chen, Yhu-Chering Huang, Hsiao-Chen Ning, Kuo-Chien Tsao
Metagenomic approaches to detect viral genomes and variants in clinical samples have various challenges, including low viral titers and bacterial and human genome contamination. To address these limitations, we examined a next-generation sequencing (NGS) and iterative mapping approach for virus detection in clinical samples. We analyzed 40 clinical specimens from hospitalized children diagnosed with acute bronchiolitis, croup, or respiratory tract infections in which virus identification by viral culture or polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was unsuccessful...
April 19, 2017: Archives of Virology
Xiao-Yun Zhao, Qiang Chen, Hai-Ru Li, Yue-Wen Mu, Hai-Gang Lu, Si-Dian Li
The recently observed cage-like borospherenes D2d B40(-/0) and C3/C2 B39(-) have attracted considerable attention in chemistry and materials science. Based on extensive global minimum searches and first-principles theory calculations, we present herein the possibility of cage-like Cs B39(+) (1) and Cs B39(+) (2) which possess five hexagonal and heptagonal faces and one filled hexagon and follow the bonding pattern of σ + π double delocalization with 12 delocalized π bonds over a σ-skeleton, adding two new members to the borospherene family...
April 19, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Shuangcheng Gao, Wei Zhao, Xiang Li, Qingbo You, Xinjie Shen, Wei Guo, Shihua Wang, Guoan Shi, Zheng Liu, Yongqing Jiao
Cleome gynandra and Cleome hassleriana, which are C4 and C3 plants, respectively, are two species of Cleome. The close genetic relationship between C. gynandra and C. hassleriana provides advantages for discovering the differences in leaf development and physiological processes between C3 and C4 plants. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of important regulators of various biological processes. In this study, we investigate the differences in the characteristics of miRNAs between C. gynandra and C. hassleriana using high-throughput sequencing technology...
April 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
Tong Tong, Xian-Da Gao, Jia Li, Jing-Tao Zhang, Rui-Jie Niu, Zhao Liu, Yong Shen
PURPOSE: The cervical segmental instability often occurs simultaneously with Modic changes (MCs). However, it is unknown whether there is a relation between the two diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between MCs and cervical segmental instability, cervical curvature and range of motion (ROM) in the cervical spine. METHODS: A total of 464 patients with neck pain or cervical neurologic symptoms who underwent imaging examination were analyzed retrospectively...
April 18, 2017: European Spine Journal
M Sahebari, G Roshandel, N Saadati, M Saghafi, N Abdolahi, Z Rezaieyazdi
Background Cathelicidin (LL-37), an endogenous antimicrobial peptide, has recently been involved in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases. To assess whether LL-37 reflects disease activity, we measured serum levels of it in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients with active and inactive disease compared to healthy controls. LL-37 was also compared between new and old cases. Moreover, the correlation of LL-37 and pro-oxidant, antioxidant balance (PAB) was measured. Methods The study population consisted of 50 SLE patients and 28 healthy controls...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
Bei Lei Sun, Lisa Palmer, Shagufta Rehman Alam, Itunuoluwa Adekoya, Kathleen Brown-Steinke, Ammasi Periasamy, Bulent Mutus
S-nitrosoglutathione reductase (GSNOR) is a multifunctional enzyme. It can catalyze NADH-dependent reduction of S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO); as well as NAD(+)-dependent oxidation of hydroxymethylglutathione (HMGSH; an adduct formed by the spontaneous reaction between formaldehyde and glutathione). While initially recognized as the enzyme that is involved in formaldehyde detoxification, increasing amount of research evidence has shown that GSNOR also plays a significant role in nitric oxide mediated signaling through its modulation of protein S-nitrosothiol abundance via transnitrosation reactions with GSNO...
April 15, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
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