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Alberto M Marchevsky, Ann E Walts
The checkpoint protein programmed cell death ligand-1 protein (PD-L1) binds to its receptor (PD-1) activating the PD-L1/PD-1 pathway, an important therapeutic target. There is limited information regarding PD-L1 and PD-1 expression in thymic lesions. Sections from non-neoplastic thymi (n=20), thymomas WHO types A, AB, B1, B2 and B3 (n=38) and thymic squamous cell carcinoma (n=8) were stained for PD-L1 (clone SP142 Spring BioScience), PD-1 (MRQ22 Cell Marque), CD4 (clone SPO32 Cell Marque) and CD8 (JCB117 Ventana)...
October 13, 2016: Human Pathology
Arne de Niet, Michel Mpj Reijnen, Ignace Fj Tielliu, Jan Willem Hp Lardenoije, Clark J Zeebregts
Since the introduction of fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair (FEVAR) in 1996, great advances have been made in endograft development. Custom-made and off-the-shelf fenestrated and branched endografts have been used to treat patients with complex abdominal aortic and thoraco-abdominal aneurysms. Most experience has been gained with the Cook Zenith® fenestrated endograft (Cook Medical Inc., Limerick, Ireland). The Cook Zenith® endograft is customized with fenestrations, (fixed) inner or outer branches, or a combination of them, to cover a wide range of complex aneurysms...
October 6, 2016: Surgical Technology International
Marlon C Rebelatto, Anita Midha, Amita Mistry, Constantine Sabalos, Nicole Schechter, Xia Li, Xiaoping Jin, Keith E Steele, Paul B Robbins, John A Blake-Haskins, Jill Walker
BACKGROUND: A high-quality programmed cell-death ligand 1 (PD-L1) diagnostic assay may help predict which patients are more likely to respond to anti-programmed cell death-1 (PD-1)/PD-L1 antibody-based cancer therapy. Here we describe a PD-L1 immunohistochemical (IHC) staining protocol developed by Ventana Medical Systems Inc. and key analytical parameters of its use in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) samples of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC)...
October 8, 2016: Diagnostic Pathology
A F Costa, P E Teodoro, L L Bhering, N R Leal, F D Tardin, R F Daher
Most strawberry genotypes grown commercially in Brazil originate from breeding programs in the United States, and are therefore not adapted to the various soil and climatic conditions found in Brazil. Thus, quantifying the magnitude of genotype x environment (GE) interactions serves as a primary means for increasing average Brazilian strawberry yields, and helps provide specific recommendations for farmers on which genotypes meet high yield and phenotypic stability thresholds. The aim of this study was to use AMMI (additive main effects and multiplicative interaction) and GGE biplot (genotype main effects + genotype x environment interaction) analyses to identify high-yield, stable strawberry genotypes grown at three locations in Espírito Santo for two agricultural years...
August 26, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Tzahi Neuman, Michal London, Juliane Kania-Almog, Anna Litvin, Yaniv Zohar, Ludmila Fridel, Judith Sandbank, Iris Barshak, Gilad W Vainer
INTRODUCTION: Immunotherapy is a novel treatment for lung cancer. Pembrolizumab (Merck Sharp and Dohme, Kenilworth, NJ) is a monoclonal antibody against programmed cell death 1 that has been approved for use with NSCLC together with a companion diagnostic by Dako (Carpinteria, CA). Ventana's BenchMark XT (Ventana Medical Systems, Tucson, AZ) is a widely used immunohistochemical (IHC) platform. However, data on its reliability and reproducibility with the 22C3 antibody are scant. METHODS: We performed a comprehensive calibration of 22C3 programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) staining on the BenchMark XT platform using Dako's prediluted 22C3 anti-PD-L1 primary antibody with two of Ventana's detection systems...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
Y Huang, C Y Wu, W Wu, L K Hou, L P Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinicopathological features and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene mutation of primary pulmonary mucoepidermoid carcinoma (PMC). METHODS: Fifth-five cases of PMC were included in the study; their clinicopathological, immunohistochemical features were evaluated, and in 31 cases, paraffin embedded specimens were subjected to mutation analysis of exons 18, 19, 20 and 21 of the EGFR gene by ARMS method. RESULTS: There were 32 females and 23 males...
September 8, 2016: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
R Y Zhao, J Zhang, L Zhu, J C Shao, Q Zhang, H H Teng, G Qin, L X Zhao, M Ye, J K Zhao, W J Ding
Objective: To study the expression of ALK protein in pulmonary adenocarcinoma as detected by Ventana immunohistochemistry, with correlation of clinicopathologic features. Methods: Immunohistochemical study for ALK protein using Ventana ALK (D5F3) kit was carried in 7 371 pulmonary adenocarcinoma samples. The clinicopathologic features were subsequently analyzed. Results: ALK fusion protein was detected in 446 of the 7 371 lung adenocarcinoma samples studied (6.05%). The ALK positivity rate in small biopsy samples was higher than that in surgical specimens [9...
September 8, 2016: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
Wenbin Li, Jing Zhang, Lei Guo, Shannon Chuai, Ling Shan, Jianming Ying
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to explore the complicated rearrangement mechanisms underlying cases with atypical and negative anaplastic lymphoma receptor tyrosine kinase gene (ALK) fluorescence hybridization (FISH) and positive immunohistochemistry (IHC) results and to stress the importance of combinational assay of these two methods in current pathological diagnosis. METHODS: A total of 3128 NSCLCs were screened for ALK fusions through both FISH analysis and IHC assays with Ventana-D5F3 antibody...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
José Manuel Moreno Villares
El desarrollo durante el periodo fetal y los primeros años de vida se caracteriza por su crecimiento rápido y la maduración de órganos y sistemas. Los cambios tanto en la calidad como en la cantidad de los nutrientes que consumen la mujer embarazada y el niño en ese periodo pueden influir de forma permanente sobre esos órganos en desarrollo. Esos efectos se conocen como "programación" y constituyen un factor importante en la aparición de enfermedades no transmisibles a lo largo de toda la vida, fundamentalmente en la edad adulta; en especial, la enfermedad cardiovascular, el síndrome metabólico y la intolerancia a los hidratos de carbono...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Antonio Marchetti, Maria Vittoria Pace, Alessia Di Lorito, Sara Canarecci, Lara Felicioni, Tommaso D'Antuono, Marcella Liberatore, Giampaolo Filice, Luigi Guetti, Felice Mucilli, Fiamma Buttitta
OBJECTIVES: Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase (ALK) gene rearrangements have been described in 3-5% of lung adenocarcinomas (ADC) and their identification is essential to select patients for treatment with ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitors. For several years, fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) has been considered as the only validated diagnostic assay. Currently, alternative methods are commercially available as diagnostic tests. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A series of 217 ADC comprising 196 consecutive resected tumors and 21 ALK FISH-positive cases from an independent series of 702 ADC were investigated...
September 2016: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
Elizabeth N Kornaga, Alexander C Klimowicz, Natalia Guggisberg, Travis Ogilvie, Don G Morris, Marc Webster, Anthony M Magliocco
Estrogen receptor and progesterone receptor status are routinely assessed using immunohistochemistry assays to assist in patient prognosis and clinical management. Three commonly utilized autostainer vendors-Dako, Leica and Ventana-provide ready-to-use progesterone receptor assays; however, they have never been directly compared in a single breast cancer cohort. We looked at three immunohistochemical progesterone receptor assays, in addition to original ligand-binding assay results, in a single retrospective, tamoxifen-treated breast cancer cohort to investigate inter- and intra-observer agreement, concordance, prognostic ability and measures of test performance...
August 26, 2016: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
Kelly A Schats, Emily A Van Vré, Stefanie De Schepper, Carolien Boeckx, Dorien M Schrijvers, Wim Waelput, Erik Fransen, Isabelle Vanden Bempt, Bart Neyns, Ingrid De Meester, Mark M Kockx
AIMS: Tumour cell and/or immune cell programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression is considered as a potential biomarker for anti-PD1 and anti-PD-L1 immunotherapy. Currently, different PD-L1 assays are used. This study aims to compare the staining patterns of two PD-L1 antibody clones in melanoma metastases and correlate them with PD-L1 mRNA expression. METHODS AND RESULTS: The immunohistochemistry assays were optimized and validated independently on a Ventana Benchmark Ultra (Ventana Medical Systems Inc...
August 6, 2016: Histopathology
Johanna S M Mattsson, Hans Brunnström, Verena Jabs, Karolina Edlund, Karin Jirström, Stephanie Mindus, Linnéa la Fleur, Fredrik Pontén, Mats G Karlsson, Christina Karlsson, Hirsh Koyi, Eva Brandén, Johan Botling, Gisela Helenius, Patrick Micke, Maria A Svensson
BACKGROUND: Identification of targetable EML4-ALK fusion proteins has revolutionized the treatment of a minor subgroup of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. Although fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) is regarded as the gold standard for detection of ALK rearrangements, ALK immunohistochemistry (IHC) is often used as screening tool in clinical practice. In order to unbiasedly analyze the diagnostic impact of such a screening strategy, we compared ALK IHC with ALK FISH in three large representative Swedish NSCLC cohorts incorporating clinical parameters and gene expression data...
2016: BMC Cancer
Valquíria C S Ferreira, David Morcuende, Marta S Madruga, Silvia H Hernández-López, Fábio A P Silva, Sonia Ventanas, Mario Estévez
The effects of pre-cooking methods, namely, boiling (BL), roasting (RT) and grilling (GR), refrigerated storage (14 days/+4 °C) and microwave reheating on chicken patties were studied. Physical, chemical and sensory parameters were evaluated in order to correlate the chemical deterioration of ready-to-eat chicken patties with the acceptance of the odor. Chemical deterioration was evaluated through the chemical composition, Maillard compounds, Thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) and volatiles...
June 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Wenxian Wang, Wei Wu, Yiping Zhang
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer with ovarian metastasis or adnexal metastasis harboring anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene translocation is rare. Crizotinib, a novel ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitor, has already shown an impressive single-agent activity in ALK positive lung cancer. METHODS: To summarize the case of clinical data and treatment of a 33-year-old woman with pelvic adnexal metastasis NSCLC. RESULTS: Histological examination of the tumors showed lung adenocarcinoma...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
S Salmani-Ghabeshi, M R Palomo-Marín, E Bernalte, F Rueda-Holgado, C Miró-Rodríguez, F Cereceda-Balic, X Fadic, V Vidal, M Funes, E Pinilla-Gil
The Punchuncaví Valley in central Chile, heavily affected by a range of anthropogenic emissions from a localized industrial complex, has been studied as a model environment for evaluating the spatial gradient of human health risk, which are mainly caused by trace elemental pollutants in soil. Soil elemental profiles in 121 samples from five selected locations representing different degrees of impact from the industrial source were used for human risk estimation. Distance to source dependent cumulative non-carcinogenic hazard indexes above 1 for children (max 4...
November 2016: Environmental Pollution
Di Ma, Zheng Wang, Lin Yang, Xinlin Mu, Yan Wang, Xinming Zhao, Junling Li, Dongmei Lin
Although the Ventana immunohistochemistry (IHC) platform for detecting anaplastic lymphoma kinase gene (ALK) (D5F3) expression was recently approved by the US Food and Drugs Administration (FDA), fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) is still the "gold-standard" method recommended by the US National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guideline for NSCLC. We evaluated 6 ALK-positive lung adenocarcinoma patients who tested Ventana IHC-positive and FISH-negative and assessed their clinical responses to the ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) crizotinib...
July 13, 2016: Oncotarget
Yongfeng Yu, Zhengping Ding, Lei Zhu, Haohua Teng, Shun Lu
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the relationship between ALK status and lung adenocarcinoma subtypes, according to the IALSC/ATS/ERS classification in Chinese patients. METHODS: A reclassification of 2299 surgically resected lung adenocarcinomas was performed, and ALK status was detected by immunohistochemistry (Ventana Medical Systems) in Shanghai Chest Hospital. RESULTS: ALK rearrangements were identified in 93 of 2299 tumors (4.0 %)...
2016: SpringerPlus
(no author information available yet)
The FDA has conditionally approved atezolizumab, the first PD-L1 inhibitor, for metastatic urothelial carcinoma, along with a companion diagnostic, the Ventana PD-L1 (SP142) assay. The agency has also expanded nivolumab's indications to include classical Hodgkin lymphoma, making this PD-1 inhibitor the first to be approved for a hematologic malignancy.
August 2016: Cancer Discovery
Laura Lorido, Joanne Hort, Mario Estévez, Sonia Ventanas
The present study aimed to evaluate the influence of salt content (normal and reduced) and feeding system (montanera and concentrate) on the dynamic sensory characteristics of dry-cured hams using time-intensity (TI) and Temporal Dominance of Sensations (TDS) techniques. Differences in the temporal sensory information given by the two different techniques were found. Significant differences in the temporal perception of flavour and texture were detected between normal and reduced salt content dry-cured hams which are a Spanish pricy meat product very appreciated by consumers due to its particular sensory characteristics...
November 2016: Meat Science
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