Read by QxMD icon Read


Sinead Toomey, Stephen F Madden, Simon J Furney, Yue Fan, Mark McCormack, Carragh Stapleton, Mattia Cremona, Gianpiero L Cavalleri, Malgorzata Milewska, Naomi Elster, Aoife Carr, Joanna Fay, Elaine W Kay, Susan Kennedy, John Crown, William M Gallagher, Bryan T Hennessy, Alex J Eustace
BACKGROUND: Trastuzumab treatment for women with HER2-positive breast cancer (BC) resulted in the significant improvement of both relapse free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS). However, many women who are classified as HER2-positive do not respond. Many studies have focused on the role of somatic mutations rather than germline polymorphisms in trastuzumab resistance. RESULTS: We completed an Agena MassArray screen of 10 ERBB-family single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 194 adjuvant trastuzumab treated HER2-positive BC patients...
October 20, 2016: Oncotarget
Hui Feng, Yalei Wang, Jiaojiao Su, Hongwei Liang, Chen-Yu Zhang, Xi Chen, Weiyan Yao
OBJECTIVES: ErbB3 (HER3) has been associated with pancreatic cancer progression, but little is known about its regulatory mechanisms. We investigated whether microRNAs (miRNAs) regulate levels of ErbB3 in pancreatic cancer cells. METHODS: We used bioinformatic analyses to search for miRNAs that can potentially target ERBB3. Furthermore, the biological consequences of the targeting of ERBB3 by miR-148a were examined by cell proliferation and migration assays in vitro...
October 2016: Pancreas
Yoshikane Nonagase, Kimio Yonesaka, Hisato Kawakami, Satomi Watanabe, Koji Haratani, Takayuki Takahama, Naoki Takegawa, Hiroto Ueda, Junko Tanizaki, Hidetoshi Hayashi, Takeshi Yoshida, Masayuki Takeda, Yasutaka Chiba, Takao Tamura, Kazuhiko Nakagawa, Junji Tsurutani
BACKGROUND: Overexpression of heregulin, a HER3 ligand, is one mechanism that confers resistance to the anti-HER2 agents trastuzumab and lapatinib. We investigated the impact of heregulin expression on the efficacy of HER2-targeted therapeutic agents, including trastuzumab, trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) and lapatinib, in vitro and in vivo and evaluated the heregulin messenger RNA (mRNA) levels in specimens from patients with HER2-positive breast or gastric cancer. RESULTS: Cell proliferation and apoptosis assays demonstrated that heregulin conferred robust resistance to lapatinib and trastuzumab via HER3-Akt pathway activation followed by survivin overexpression; however, heregulin conferred minimal or no resistance to T-DM1 and paclitaxel...
October 19, 2016: Oncotarget
Hidehito Horinouchi
The mutation or expression of HER family members serves as a therapeutic target for tyrosine kinase inhibitors or monoclonal antibodies in diverse cancers, such as non-small cell lung cancer, breast cancer, gastric cancer, head and neck cancer, colorectal cancer, pancreatic cancer and glioblastoma. HER3, which heterodimerizes with HER1 and HER2, has received much attention as a potential target for anti-EGFR treatment. Patritumab is a novel, fully human monoclonal antibody directed against HER3. Areas covered: In this review article, an overview of the market, chemistry, pharmacodynamics, pharmacokinetics, efficacy, and safety of patritumab is provided based on data from phase I studies, a combination phase I trial, and a randomized phase II trial comparing two doses of patritumab...
October 17, 2016: Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy
Corina Buta, Eva Benabou, Marie Lequoy, Hélène Régnault, Dominique Wendum, Fatiha Merabtene, Hamza Chettouh, Lynda Aoudjehane, Filomena Conti, Yves Chrétien, Olivier Scatton, Olivier Rosmorduc, Françoise Praz, Laetitia Fartoux, Christèle Desbois-Mouthon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 28, 2016: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
Megan Fracol, Jashodeep Datta, Lea Lowenfeld, Shuwen Xu, Paul J Zhang, Carla S Fisher, Brian J Czerniecki
BACKGROUND: We previously demonstrated a progressive loss of the anti-human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) CD4+ T-helper type 1 (Th1) response during HER2(pos) breast tumorigenesis. This loss is associated with residual disease following neoadjuvant therapy and increased risk of recurrence. In this study, we assessed the fate of anti-HER3 Th1 immunity during breast tumorigenesis. METHODS: Peripheral blood from 131 subjects, including healthy donors (HDs), patients with benign breast disease (BD), ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and invasive breast cancer (IBC), was collected...
September 23, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
José Esparza-López, Pier A Ramos-Elías, Andrea Castro-Sánchez, Leticia Rocha-Zavaleta, Elizabeth Escobar-Arriaga, Alejandro Zentella-Dehesa, Eucario León-Rodríguez, Heriberto Medina-Franco, María de Jesus Ibarra-Sánchez
BACKGROUND: It has become evident that intra-tumor heterogeneity of breast cancer impact on several biological processes such as proliferation, migration, cell death and also might contribute to chemotherapy resistance. The expression of Receptor Tyrosine Kinases (RTKs) has not been analyzed in the context of intra-tumor heterogeneity in a primary breast cancer cell culture. Several subpopulations were isolated from the MBCDF (M serial-breast cancer ductal F line) primary breast cancer cells and were successfully maintained in culture and divided in two groups according to their morphology and RTKs expression pattern, and correlated with biological processes like proliferation, migration, anchorage-independent cell growth, and resistance to cytotoxic chemotherapy drugs and tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs)...
2016: BMC Cancer
Gregory Weitsman, Paul R Barber, Lan K Nguyen, Katherine Lawler, Gargi Patel, Natalie Woodman, Muireann T Kelleher, Sarah E Pinder, Mark Rowley, Paul A Ellis, Anand D Purushotham, Anthonius C Coolen, Boris N Kholodenko, Borivoj Vojnovic, Cheryl Gillett, Tony Ng
Overexpression of HER2 is an important prognostic marker, and the only predictive biomarker of response to HER2-targeted therapies in invasive breast cancer. HER2-HER3 dimer has been shown to drive proliferation and tumor progression, and targeting of this dimer with pertuzumab alongside chemotherapy and trastuzumab, has shown significant clinical utility. The purpose of this study was to accurately quantify HER2-HER3 dimerisation in formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) breast cancer tissue as a novel prognostic biomarker...
July 13, 2016: Oncotarget
Andrea Mafficini, Eliana Amato, Ivana Cataldo, Borislav C Rusev, Luca Bertoncello, Vincenzo Corbo, Michele Simbolo, Claudio Luchini, Matteo Fassan, Cinzia Cantù, Roberto Salvia, Giovanni Marchegiani, Giampaolo Tortora, Rita T Lawlor, Claudio Bassi, Aldo Scarpa
OBJECTIVE: To identify molecular prognostic factors and potentially actionable mutations in ampulla of Vater cancer (AVC). BACKGROUND: The largely variable outcomes of AVCs make clinical decisions difficult regarding the need of postsurgical therapy, which is based on morphological and immunohistochemical classification that do not adequately consider the varying degrees of heterogeneity present in many AVCs. No approved targeted therapies for AVC exist, but some show promising results requiring better molecular characterization to identify potential responders...
September 8, 2016: Annals of Surgery
Melanie Kripp, Kirsten Merx, Ralph Markus Wirtz, Timo Gaiser, Sebastian Eidt, Juliana Schwaab, Stefan Post, Frederik Wenz, Andreas Hochhaus, Ralf-Dieter Hofheinz, Philipp Erben
Background. No predictive or prognostic biomarker is available for patients with locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) undergoing perioperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT). Members of the human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER) family of receptor tyrosine kinases EGFR (HER1, ERBB1), HER2 (ERBB2), HER3 (ERBB3), and HER4 (ERBB4) are therapeutic targets in several cancers. The analysis was performed to assess expression levels and study the potential prognostic impact for disease-free and overall survival in patients with LARC...
2016: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Chris J Novotny, Sirkku Pollari, Jin H Park, Mark A Lemmon, Weijun Shen, Kevan M Shokat
The heterodimeric receptor tyrosine kinase complex formed by HER2 and HER3 can act as an oncogenic driver and is also responsible for rescuing a large number of cancers from a diverse set of targeted therapies. Inhibitors of these proteins, particularly HER2, have dramatically improved patient outcomes in the clinic, but recent studies have demonstrated that stimulating the heterodimeric complex, either via growth factors or by increasing the concentrations of HER2 and HER3 at the membrane, significantly diminishes the activity of the inhibitors...
November 2016: Nature Chemical Biology
Shu Zhang, Seema Mukherjee, Xuejun Fan, Ahmad Salameh, Kalpana Mujoo, Zhao Huang, Leike Li, Georgina To'a Salazar, Ningyan Zhang, Zhiqiang An
HER3/ErbB3 has emerged as a new therapeutic target for cancer. Currently, more than a dozen anti-HER3 antibodies are in clinical trials for treatment of various cancers. However, limited understanding of the complex HER3 signaling in cancer and lack of established biomarkers have made it challenging to stratify cancer patients who can benefit from HER3 targeted therapies. In this study, we identified DJ-1/PARK7 (Parkinson Protein 7) as a novel interaction partner of HER3 and demonstrated the potential of DJ-1 as a biomarker for anti-HER3 cancer therapy...
August 25, 2016: Oncotarget
Raffaella Castoldi, Jürgen Schanzer, Christian Panke, Ute Jucknischke, Natalie J Neubert, Rebecca Croasdale, Werner Scheuer, Johannes Auer, Christian Klein, Gerhard Niederfellner, Sebastian Kobold, Claudio Sustmann
Monoclonal antibody-based targeted tumor therapy has greatly improved treatment options for patients. Antibodies against oncogenic receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs), especially the ErbB receptor family, are prominent examples. However, long-term efficacy of such antibodies is limited by resistance mechanisms. Tumor evasion by a priori or acquired activation of other kinases is often causative for this phenomenon. These findings led to an increasing number of combination approaches either within a protein family, e...
October 2016: Protein Engineering, Design & Selection: PEDS
Birgitte Sandfeld-Paulsen, Birgitte Holst Folkersen, Torben Riis Rasmussen, Peter Meldgaard, Boe S Sorensen
OBJECTIVES: Contradicting results have been demonstrated for the expression of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) as a prognostic marker in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The complexity of the EGF system with four interacting receptors and more than a dozen activating ligands is a likely explanation. The aim of this study is to demonstrate that the combined network of receptors and ligands from the EGF system is a prognostic marker. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Gene expression of the receptors EGFR, HER2, HER3, HER4, and the ligands AREG, HB-EGF, EPI, TGF-α, and EGF was measured by quantitative polymerase chain reaction in tumor samples from 100 NSCLC patients without EGFR activating mutations...
August 2016: Translational Oncology
Brett L Ecker, Laura Taylor, Paul J Zhang, Emma E Furth, Gregory G Ginsberg, Matthew T McMillan, Jashodeep Datta, Brian J Czerniecki, Robert E Roses
Overexpression of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTK), including members of the HER family, has prognostic and therapeutic significance in invasive esophagogastric carcinoma. RTK expression in premalignant gastroesophageal lesions has not been extensively explored. Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue samples of esophageal biopsy specimens from 73 patients with Barrett's esophagus with either low-grade dysplasia (LGD) (n = 32) or high-grade dysplasia (HGD) (n = 59) were analyzed for HER1, HER2, HER3 and CMET expression by immunohistochemistry (IHC)...
2016: PloS One
Giulia Bon, Rossella Loria, Carla Azzurra Amoreo, Alessandra Verdina, Isabella Sperduti, Arianna Mastrofrancesco, Silvia Soddu, Maria Grazia Diodoro, Marcella Mottolese, Matilde Todaro, Giorgio Stassi, Michele Milella, Ruggero De Maria, Rita Falcioni
Although the medical treatment of colorectal cancer has evolved greatly in the last years, a significant portion of early-stage patients develops recurrence after therapies. The current clinical trials are directed to evaluate new drug combinations and treatment schedules. By the use of patient-derived or established colon cancer cell lines, we found that the tyrosine kinase receptor HER3 is involved in the mechanisms of resistance to therapies. In agreement, the immunohistochemical analysis of total and phospho-HER3 expression in 185 colorectal cancer specimens revealed a significant correlation with lower disease-free survival...
August 19, 2016: Oncotarget
K Tominaga, T Shimamura, N Kimura, T Murayama, D Matsubara, H Kanauchi, A Niida, S Shimizu, K Nishioka, E-I Tsuji, M Yano, S Sugano, Y Shimono, H Ishii, H Saya, M Mori, K Akashi, K-I Tada, T Ogawa, A Tojo, S Miyano, N Gotoh
The transcription factor nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) has important roles for tumorigenesis, but how it regulates cancer stem cells (CSCs) remains largely unclear. We identified insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2) is a key target of NF-κB activated by HER2/HER3 signaling to form tumor spheres in breast cancer cells. The IGF2 receptor, IGF1 R, was expressed at high levels in CSC-enriched populations in primary breast cancer cells. Moreover, IGF2-PI3K (IGF2-phosphatidyl inositol 3 kinase) signaling induced expression of a stemness transcription factor, inhibitor of DNA-binding 1 (ID1), and IGF2 itself...
August 22, 2016: Oncogene
Guo-Dong Cao, Ke Chen, Mao-Ming Xiong, Bo Chen
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER) family plays an important role in gastric cancer (GC), especially HER2. Too much attention has been paid to HER2; however, the functions of HER3 and HER4 overexpression in GC are always ignored. The clinicopathological and prognostic roles of HER3 and HER4 in GC are controversial. In this study, a systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the use of HER3 or HER4 as a predictor of clinicopathology and survival time in GC patients...
2016: PloS One
Magdalena Malm, Fredrik Y Frejd, Stefan Ståhl, John Löfblom
The human epidermal growth factor receptor 3 (HER3) has in recent years been recognized as a key node in the complex signaling network of many different cancers. It is implicated in de novo and acquired resistance against therapies targeting other growth factor receptors, e.g., EGFR, HER2, and it is a major activator of the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. Consequently, HER3 has attracted substantial attention, and is today a key target for drugs in clinical development. Sophisticated protein engineering approaches have enabled the generation of a range of different affinity proteins targeting this receptor, including antibodies and alternative scaffolds that are either mono- or bispecific...
August 17, 2016: MAbs
Antonio Jimeno, Jean-Pascal Machiels, Lori Wirth, Pol Specenier, Tanguy Y Seiwert, Feby Mardjuadi, Xiaodong Wang, Amy V Kapp, Stephanie Royer-Joo, Elicia Penuel, Bruce McCall, Andrea Pirzkall, Paul M Clement
BACKGROUND: This open-label, multicenter, phase Ib study assessed the safety and preliminary activity of duligotuzumab, a dual-action antibody that blocks ligand binding to human epidermal growth factor receptor 3 (HER3) and epidermal growth factor receptor, in combination with chemotherapy, in the first-line treatment of patients with recurrent/metastatic squamous cell cancer of the head and neck. METHODS: On day 1, duligotuzumab at a dose of 1650 mg intravenously was combined with cisplatin at a dose of 100 mg/m(2) and 5-fluorouracil at a dose of 1000 mg/m(2) /day on days 1 to 4 in treatment arm A, or carboplatin (area under the curve, 6 mg/mL/min) and paclitaxel (at a dose of 200 mg/m(2) ) in treatment arm B...
August 15, 2016: Cancer
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"