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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893697/morbidity-and-mortality-predictivity-of-nutritional-assessment-tools-in-the-postoperative-care-unit
#1
Şule Özbilgin, Volkan Hanc, Dilek Ömür, Mücahit Özbilgin, Mine Tosun, Serhan Yurtlu, Semih Küçükgüçlü, Atalay Arkan
The aim was to evaluate the nutritional situation of patients admitted to the Postoperative Acute Care Unit using classic methods of objective anthropometry, systemic evaluation methods, and Nutrition Risk in Critically Ill (NUTRIC) score, and to compare them as a predictor of morbidity and mortality.At admission to the postoperative care unit, patients undergoing various surgeries were assessed for the following items: Subjective Global Assessment (SGA), Nutritional Risk Index (NRI), Nutritional Risk Screening (NRS)-2002, Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), Charlson comorbidity index (CCI), and NUTRIC score, anthropometric measurements, serum total protein, serum albumin, and lymphocyte count...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887891/high-intake-of-nonmilk-extrinsic-sugars-is-associated-with-protein-and-micronutrient-dilution-in-home-dwelling-and-institutionalized-older-people
#2
Satu K Jyväkorpi, Kaisu H Pitkälä, Taija M Puranen, Mikko P Björkman, Hannu Kautiainen, Timo E Strandberg, Helena Soini, Merja H Suominen
BACKGROUND: High dietary sugar intake may compromise protein and micronutrient intakes in people with low energy intakes. The results of micronutrient dilution studies in older people have been few and conflicting. We examined the nutritional status and nutrient intakes associated with nonmilk extrinsic sugars (NMES) intakes in older people representing a broad spectrum of both healthy and vulnerable older populations. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: This cross-sectional study combined five Finnish data sets covering home-dwelling (n = 526) and institutionalized (n = 374) older people...
November 22, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883167/frailty-is-a-geriatric-syndrome-characterized-by-multiple-impairments-a-comprehensive-approach-is-needed
#3
L-K Chen, A-C Hwang, L-K Liu, W-J Lee, L-N Peng
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of frailty and the associated multimorbidity and functional impairments among community-dwelling middle-aged and elderly people in Taiwan. DESIGN: a cross-sectional study. SETTING: communities in I-Lan County of Taiwan. PARTICIPANTS: 1839 community-dwelling people aged 50 years and older. INTERVENTION: None. MEASUREMENTS: Frailty defined by Fried's criteria, Charlson's comorbidity index (CCI), Functional Autonomy Measurement System (SMAF), Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), Mini-Nutrition Assessment (MNA), Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), and Short Form-12 quality of life questionnaire...
2016: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853883/nutritional-status-and-its-effects-on-muscle-wasting-in-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure-insights-from-studies-investigating-co-morbidities-aggravating-heart-failure
#4
Masakazu Saitoh, Marcelo Rodrigues Dos Santos, Nicole Ebner, Amir Emami, Masaaki Konishi, Junichi Ishida, Miroslava Valentova, Anja Sandek, Wolfram Doehner, Stefan D Anker, Stephan von Haehling
BACKGROUND: Inadequate nutritional status has been linked to poor outcomes in patients with heart failure (HF). Skeletal muscle wasting affects about 20% of ambulatory patients with HF. The impact of nutritional intake and appetite on skeletal muscle wasting has not been investigated so far. We sought to investigate the impact of nutritional status on muscle wasting and mortality in ambulatory patients with HF. METHODS: We studied 130 ambulatory patients with HF who were recruited as a part of the Studies Investigating Co-morbidities Aggravating Heart Failure (SICA-HF) program...
November 16, 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792245/malnutrition-and-risk-of-structural-brain-changes-seen-on-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-older-adults
#5
Marian A E de van der Schueren, Sabine Lonterman-Monasch, Wiesje M van der Flier, Mark H Kramer, Andrea B Maier, Majon Muller
OBJECTIVES: To study the associations between protein energy malnutrition, micronutrient malnutrition, brain atrophy, and cerebrovascular lesions. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Geriatric outpatient clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Older adults (N = 475; mean age 80 ± 7). MEASUREMENTS: Nutritional status was assessed using the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) and according to serum micronutrient levels (vitamins B1, B6, B12, D; folic acid)...
October 28, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791228/mini-nutritional-assessment-and-mortality-after-hip-fracture-surgery-in-the-elderly
#6
J van Wissen, M F M van Stijn, H J Doodeman, A P J Houdijk
BACKGROUND: Hip fracture surgery in elderly patients is associated with a poor postoperative outcome and a high mortality. Malnutrition is a frequent problem in elderly patients and may be associated with mortality after hip fracture surgery. The Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) is a valuable tool to identify malnourished patients and those at risk for malnutrition. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between the preoperative MNA score and mortality after surgery for hip fractures in elderly patients...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791222/nutritional-and-functional-status-in-geriatric-day-hospital-patients-mna-short-form-versus-full-mna
#7
E Schrader, E Grosch, T Bertsch, C C Sieber, D Volkert
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of malnutrition in patients of a geriatric day hospital using the Mini Nutritional Assessment short form (MNA-SF) and the full MNA, to compare both tools, and to examine the relationship between nutritional and functional status. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Geriatric day hospital. PARTICIPANTS: 190 patients (72.1% female, median 80 years) aged 65 years or older...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749567/morbidity-and-mortality-predictivity-of-nutritional-assessment-tools-in-the-postoperative-care-unit
#8
Şule Özbilgin, Volkan Hancı, Dilek Ömür, Mücahit Özbilgin, Mine Tosun, Serhan Yurtlu, Semih Küçükgüçlü, Atalay Arkan
The aim was to evaluate the nutritional situation of patients admitted to the Postoperative Acute Care Unit using classic methods of objective anthropometry, systemic evaluation methods, and Nutrition Risk in Critically Ill (NUTRIC) score, and to compare them as a predictor of morbidity and mortality.At admission to the postoperative care unit, patients undergoing various surgeries were assessed for the following items: Subjective Global Assessment (SGA), Nutritional Risk Index (NRI), Nutritional Risk Screening (NRS)-2002, Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), Charlson comorbidity index (CCI), and NUTRIC score, anthropometric measurements, serum total protein, serum albumin, and lymphocyte count...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743519/risk-factors-for-malnutrition-in-seniors-aged-75-living-in-home-environment-in-selected-regions-of-the-czech-republic
#9
Iva Brabcová, Marie Trešlová, Sylva Bártlová, Jitka Vacková, Valerie Tóthová, Lenka Motlová
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Nutrition is an important social determinant of health that influences the ageing process. The aim of this study was to evaluate the nutritional condition of a group of seniors and identify the bio-psycho-social factors that increase the risk of malnutrition. METHODS: The research was conducted using a quantitative method. The standardised scales Mini Nutritional Assessment - Short Form (MNA-SF) and the Geriatric depression scale (GDS-5) were used to evaluate the nutritional condition and tendency towards depression of the tested group...
September 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710987/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-geriatric-malnutrition-in-an-outpatient-clinic-of-a-teaching-hospital-in-jeddah-saudi-arabia
#10
Sami Hamdan Alzahrani, Ismail Abdelmoneim El Sayed, Sarah Mohammed Alshamrani
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is highly prevalent among the elderly and is associated with poor clinical prognosis, decreased functional status, and increased morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of geriatric malnutrition among outpatients of a geriatric clinic and to determine factors associated with malnutrition. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Geriatric outpatient clinic of the King Abdul Aziz University Hospital, Jeddah...
September 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709237/visual-impairment-screening-at-the-geriatric-frailty-clinic-for-assessment-of-frailty-and-prevention-of-disability-at-the-g%C3%A3-rontop%C3%A3-le
#11
V Soler, S Sourdet, L Balardy, G Abellan van Kan, D Brechemier, M E Rougé-Bugat, N Tavassoli, M Cassagne, F Malecaze, F Nourhashémi, B Vellas
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate visual performance and factors associated with abnormal vision in patients screened for frailty at the Geriatric Frailty Clinic (GFC) for Assessment of Frailty and Prevention of Disability at Toulouse University Hospital. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational cross-sectional, single-centre study. SETTING: Institutional practice. PARTICIPANTS: Patients were screened for frailty during a single-day hospital stay between October 2011 and October 2014 (n = 1648)...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709234/early-nutritional-follow-up-after-discharge-prevents-deterioration-of-adl-functions-in-malnourished-independent-geriatric-patients-who-live-alone-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
J L Pedersen, P U Pedersen, E M Damsgaard
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of two nutritional follow-up interventions with regard to preventing short-term deterioration in ADL, and to compare their effects on physical function, emotional health, and health-related quality of life. DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial with two intervention groups and one control group, and a follow-up period of eight weeks. SETTING: Intervention in the participants' homes after discharge from hospital...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709228/mini-nutritional-assessment-short-form-validation-in-five-latin-american-cities-sabe-study
#13
L Lera, H Sánchez, B Ángel, C Albala
OBJECTIVES: To validate the short-form of the MNA (MNA-SF) and the cut-off point of 31 cm for calf circumference (CC) in older people in Latin America. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 5,722 community-dwelling older subjects (range: 60-102 years) in Latin America´s five main cities: Sao Paulo (Brazil), Santiago (Chile), Havana (Cuba), Mexico DF (Mexico) and Montevideo (Uruguay). All participants underwent an interview, which included anthropometric measurements, completing the MNA and obtaining socio-demographic, nutrition and health information...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687521/tongue-strength-is-associated-with-grip-strength-and-nutritional-status-in-older-adult-inpatients-of-a-rehabilitation-hospital
#14
Kotomi Sakai, Enri Nakayama, Haruka Tohara, Tomomi Maeda, Motonobu Sugimoto, Takahiro Takehisa, Yozo Takehisa, Koichiro Ueda
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate whether tongue strength observed in older adult inpatients of a rehabilitation hospital is associated with muscle function, nutritional status, and dysphagia. A total of 174 older adult inpatients aged 65 years and older in rehabilitation (64 men, 110 women; median age, 84 years; interquartile range, 80-89 years) who were suspected of having reduced tongue strength due to sarcopenia were included in this study. Isometric tongue strength was measured using a device fitted with a disposable oral balloon probe...
September 29, 2016: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685613/-malnutrition-in-elderly-trauma-patients-comparison-of-two-assessment-tools
#15
C Ihle, C Bahrs, T Freude, M Bickel, I Spielhaupter, E Wintermeyer, L Stollhof, L Grünwald, P Ziegler, S Pscherer, U Stöckle, A Nussler
Background: The prevalence of malnutrition in hospitalised patients is reported to be between 16 and 55 % across disciplines. Within hospital care, screening for malnutrition is required. However, in orthopaedics and trauma surgery, there is still no generally accepted recommendation for the methods for such a data survey. In the present study, the following aspects are to be investigated with the help of two established scores: (1) the prevalence of malnutrition in the patient population of geriatric trauma care, and (2) the correlation between methods of data survey...
September 29, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672318/nutritional-intervention-in-cognitively-impaired-geriatric-trauma-patients-a-feasibility-study
#16
D Eschbach, T Kirchbichler, T Wiesmann, L Oberkircher, C Bliemel, S Ruchholtz, B Buecking
BACKGROUND: Most studies focusing on improving the nutritional status of geriatric trauma patients exclude patients with cognitive impairment. These patients are especially at risk of malnutrition at admission and of worsening during the perioperative fasting period. This study was planned as a feasibility study to identify the difficulties involved in including this high-risk collective of cognitively impaired geriatric trauma patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective intervention study included cognitively impaired geriatric patients (Mini-Mental State Examination <25, age >65 years) with hip-related fractures...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651115/urinary-incontinence-and-its-association-with-frailty-among-men-aged-80-years-and-older-in-taiwan-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Chih-Jen Wang, Cheng-Hao Hung, Ting-Ching Tang, Liang-Yu Chen, Li-Ning Peng, Fei-Yuan Hsiao, Liang-Kung Chen
AIMS: To evaluate the prevalence of urinary incontinence (UI) and its association with frailty among men aged 80 years and older in Taiwan METHODS: Residents living in four veterans retirement communities were invited for study and 440 men aged 80 years and older weer enrolled. Comprehensive geriatric assessment was performed for them, including using the following measurements: Clinical Frailty Scale, Northern Health and Social Care Trust (HSC)-Continence Assessment Form, Charlson's Comorbidity Index (CCI), Barthel Index (BI), Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL), Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Geriatric Depression Scale-5 (GDS-5), Mini-Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF)...
September 21, 2016: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650778/prevalence-of-malnutrition-and-sarcopenia-in-a-post-acute-care-geriatric-unit-applying-the-new-espen-definition-and-ewgsop-criteria
#18
Dolores Sánchez-Rodríguez, Ester Marco, Natalia Ronquillo-Moreno, Ramón Miralles, Olga Vázquez-Ibar, Ferran Escalada, Josep M Muniesa
BACKGROUNDS & AIMS: The European Society of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) consensus definition of malnutrition has been applied in hospitalized older diabetics and middle-aged patients, geriatric outpatients, and healthy elderly and young individuals. In a post-acute care setting, our aim was to assess malnutrition (ESPEN definition) and determine its relationship with sarcopenia in older in-patients deconditioned due to an acute process. METHODS: Eighty-eight in-patients aged ≥70 years with body mass index (BMI) <30 kg/m(2) were included (84...
September 9, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636839/nutritional-status-of-patients-with%C3%A2-alzheimer-s-disease-and-their-caregivers
#19
Mario Tombini, Maura Sicari, Giovanni Pellegrino, Francesca Ursini, Pasqualina Insardá, Vincenzo Di Lazzaro
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is one of the most important conditions that negatively affects the health of elder people, particularly in patients with dementia. OBJECTIVE: To provide an assessment of nutritional status of patients affected by Alzheimer's disease (AD) living at home and of their caregivers by means of Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), and to explore the influence of different factors on nutrition. METHODS: 90 patients affected by AD living at home and 90 age- and sex-matched caregivers were enrolled...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612921/pre-fracture-nutritional-status-is-predictive-of-functional-status-at-discharge-during-the-acute-phase-with-hip-fracture-patients-a-multicenter-prospective-cohort-study
#20
Tatsuro Inoue, Syogo Misu, Toshiaki Tanaka, Hiroki Sakamoto, Kentaro Iwata, Yuki Chuman, Rei Ono
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Malnutrition is common in patients with hip fractures, and elderly patients with hip fractures lose functional independence and often fail to recover previous functional status. The aim of this study was to determine whether pre-fracture nutritional status predicts functional status of patients with hip fracture at discharge from acute hospitals. METHODS: In the present multicenter prospective cohort study, pre-fracture nutritional status was assessed using the Mini Nutritional Assessment Short-Form (MNA-SF)...
August 31, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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