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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550611/-18-f-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-in-the-diagnosis-of-malignancy-in-patients-with-paraneoplastic-neurological-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Ana María García Vicente, Roberto C Delgado-Bolton, Mariano Amo-Salas, Jesús López-Fidalgo, Ana Paula Caresia Aróztegui, José Ramón García Garzón, Javier Orcajo Rincón, María José García Velloso, María de Arcocha Torres, Soledad Alvárez Ruíz
PURPOSE: The detection of occult cancer in patients suspected of having a paraneoplastic neurological syndrome (PNS) poses a diagnostic challenge. The aim of our study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the diagnostic performance of FDG PET for the detection of occult malignant disease responsible for PNS. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature (MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, and DARE) was undertaken to identify studies published in any language...
May 27, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547097/patient-completed-or-symptom-based-screening-tools-for-endometriosis-a-scoping-review
#2
REVIEW
Eric Surrey, Cathryn M Carter, Ahmed M Soliman, Shahnaz Khan, Dana B DiBenedetti, Michael C Snabes
PURPOSE: The objective of this review was to evaluate existing patient-completed screening questionnaires and/or symptom-based predictive models with respect to their potential for use as screening tools for endometriosis in adult women. Validated instruments were of particular interest. METHODS: We conducted structured searches of PubMed and targeted searches of the gray literature to identify studies reporting on screening instruments used in endometriosis. Studies were screened according to inclusion and exclusion criteria that followed the PICOS (population, intervention, comparison, outcomes, study design) framework...
May 25, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544593/performance-of-anti-nuclear-antibodies-for-classifying-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-systematic-literature-review-and-meta-regression-of-diagnostic-data
#3
Nicolai Leuchten, Annika Hoyer, Ralph Brinks, Monika Schoels, Matthias Schneider, Josef Smolen, Sindhu R Johnson, David Daikh, Thomas Dörner, Martin Aringer, George Bertsias
OBJECTIVE: To review the published literature on the performance of indirect immunofluorescence (IIF)-HEp-2 ANA testing for classification of SLE. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted in the MEDLINE, EMBASE and COCHRANE databases for articles published between January 1990 and October 2015. The research question was structured according to PICO (Population, Intervention, Comparator, Outcome) format rules, and PRISMA recommendations were followed where appropriate...
May 23, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544259/periodontal-maintenance-following-active-specialist-treatment-should-patients-stay-put-or-return-to-primary-dental-care-for-continuing-care-a-comparison-of-outcomes-based-on-the-literature
#4
REVIEW
P G Leavy, D P Robertson
OBJECTIVES: To review the evidence for the efficacy of periodontal maintenance (PM) carried out in primary dental care (PDC) compared to the specialist setting for patients previously treated in a specialist setting for chronic (ChP) or aggressive (AgP) periodontitis. METHODS: A focused PICO question and search protocol were developed. Online databases including MEDLINE, EMBASE, WEB OF SCIENCE™ and COCHRANE LIBRARY were searched along with specialist journals in the subject area of periodontal research...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542809/arterial-spin-labeled-mr-imaging-detecting-biphasic-neurovascular-changes-in-migraine-with-persistent-aura
#5
Robert Burns, Maxine De Malherbe, Marie-Laure Chadenat, Fernando Pico, Dan Buch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506567/the-impact-of-walk-in-centres-and-gp-co-operatives-on-emergency-department-presentations-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#6
REVIEW
Jessica Crawford, Simon Cooper, Robyn Cant, Ruth DeSouza
BACKGROUND: Internationally, non-urgent presentations are increasing the pressure on Emergency Department (ED) staff and resources. This systematic review aims to identify the impact of alternative emergency care pathways on ED presentations - specifically GP cooperatives and walk-in clinics. METHODS: Based on a structured PICO enquiry with either walk-in clinic or GP cooperative as the intervention, a search was made for peer-reviewed publications in English, between 2000 and 2014...
May 12, 2017: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506296/worlds-apart-a-scoping-review-addressing-different-stakeholder-perspectives-on-barriers-to-family-involvement-in-the-care-for-persons-with-severe-mental-illness
#7
Elleke Landeweer, Bert Molewijk, Marit Helene Hem, Reidar Pedersen
BACKGROUND: Empirical evidence shows that family involvement (FI) can play a pivotal role in the coping and recovery of persons with severe mental illness (SMI). Nevertheless, various studies demonstrate that FI in mental healthcare services is often not (sufficiently) realized. In order to develop more insights, this scoping review gives an overview of how various stakeholders conceptualize, perceive and experience barriers to FI. Central questions are: 1) What are the main barriers to FI reported by the different key stakeholders (i...
May 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498660/a-self-assembled-ruthenium-ii-porphyrin-aluminium-iii-porphyrin-fullerene-triad-for-long-lived-photoinduced-charge-separation
#8
Agnese Amati, Paolo Cavigli, Axel Kahnt, Maria Teresa Indelli, Elisabetta Iengo
A very efficient metal-mediated strategy led, in a single step, to a quantitative construction of a new three-component multi-chromophoric system containing one fullerene monoadduct, one aluminium(III) monopyridylporphyrin, and one ruthenium(II) tetraphenylporphyrin. The Al(III) monopyridylporphyrin component plays the pivotal role in directing the correct self-assembly process, and behaves as the antenna unit for the photoinduced processes of interest. A detailed study of the photophysical behavior of the triad was carried out in different solvents (DCM, THF, Toluene) by stationary and time-resolved emission and absorption spectroscopy in the pico- and nanosecond time domains...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495559/influence-of-adhesive-strategy-on-clinical-parameters-in-cervical-restorations-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Marcos Schroeder, Ivo Carlos Correa, José Bauer, Alessandro Dourado Loguercio, Alessandra Reis
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to answer the following PICO question: "Is the risk of postoperative sensitivity (POS), retention rates and marginal discoloration of composite restorations [CR] bonded with self-etch (SE) in non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs) of adults equals to etch-and-rinse (ER) adhesives?". METHODS: A comprehensive search was performed in May 2016 in the MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science, LILACS, BBO and Cochrane Library and SIGLE, abstracts of IADR, unpublished and ongoing trials registries, dissertations and theses without restrictions...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493311/ethqv6-3-is-involved-in-melon-climacteric-fruit-ripening-and-is-encoded-by-a-nac-domain-transcription-factor
#10
Pablo Ríos, Jason Argyris, Juan Vegas, Carmen Leida, Merav Kenigswald, Galil Tzuri, Christelle Troadec, Abdelhafid Bendahmane, Nurit Katzir, Belén Picó, Antonio J Monforte, Jordi Garcia-Mas
Fruit ripening is divided into climacteric and non-climacteric types depending on the presence or absence of a transient rise in respiration rate and the production of autocatalytic ethylene. Melon is ideal for the study of fruit ripening, as both climacteric and non-climacteric varieties exist. Two introgressions of the non-climacteric accession PI 161375, encompassed in the QTLs ETHQB3.5 and ETHQV6.3, into the non-climacteric "Piel de Sapo" background are able to induce climacteric ripening independently...
May 10, 2017: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491042/disentangling-working-memory-functioning-in-mood-states-of-bipolar-disorder-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Carolina Soraggi-Frez, Flávia H Santos, Pedro B Albuquerque, Leandro F Malloy-Diniz
Working memory (WM) deficits are often reported in patients with Bipolar Disorder (BD). However, it is not clear about the nature of these WM deficits (update or serial order processes) and their association with each BD states (euthymic, mania, and depressive). This review investigated the association between BD patient's states and the functioning of WM components. For this purpose, we carried out a systematic review fulfilling a search in the databases Medline, Scopus, SciELO, and Web of Science using specific terms in the abstracts of the articles that generated 212 outcomes in the restricted period from 2005 to 2016...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490062/impact-of-frozen-storage-time-on-the-volatile-profile-of-wheat-bread-crumb
#12
Joana Pico, Mario M Martínez, José Bernal, Manuel Gómez
The freezing of wheat bread before aroma analyses is a common practice in order to preserve loss of the volatile profile. However, the impact of the frozen storage time on the aroma profile has not been studied. For this purpose, the volatile profiles of wheat bread frozen for 1, 2 and 4weeks were analysed employing solvent extraction and static headspace methoologies with GC/MS. The results revealed that the freezing was effective to prevent the loss of volatiles during the first week. However, after two weeks, there was an increase of volatile compounds, probably generated by chemical reactions...
October 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487086/an-evaluation-of-the-trec-assay-with-regard-to-the-integration-of-scid-screening-into-the-dutch-newborn-screening-program
#13
Maartje Blom, Ingrid Pico-Knijnenburg, Marja Sijne-van Veen, Anita Boelen, Robbert G M Bredius, Mirjam van der Burg, Peter C J I Schielen
Newborn screening of severe combined immunodeficiency through the detection of T-cell receptor excision circles will provide the opportunity of treating before the occurrence of life-threatening infections. With the EnLite Neonatal TREC assay (PerkinElmer) and end-point PCR, 39 samples (3.0%) of 1295 heel prick cards of the Dutch newborn screening program required a retest after initial analysis. After retest, 21 samples (1.62%) gave TREC levels below cut-off. A significant reduction in TREC levels was observed in heel prick cards stored for three months (n=33) and one year (n=33)...
May 6, 2017: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482296/is-mercury-exposure-causing-diabetes-metabolic-syndrome-and-insulin-resistance-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#14
REVIEW
Cynthia Roy, Pierre-Yves Tremblay, Pierre Ayotte
INTRODUCTION: Several populations are exposed to mercury (Hg) via their environment, occupation or diet. It is hypothesized that Hg exposure can lead to the development of diabetes mellitus (DM). Metabolic syndrome (MS) is also a possible outcome as its symptoms are closely linked to those of DM. METHOD: We conducted a systematic review of the literature by screening Web of Science, MEDLINE, SciFinder and Embase and we included original studies pertaining to the relationship of total Hg exposure (elemental, inorganic or organic) to DM, MS or insulin resistance...
May 5, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480685/hormonal-responses-to-a-rugby-match-a-brief-review
#15
Maamer Slimani, Foued Cheour, Wassim Moalla, Julien S Baker
BACKGROUND: Rugby is an intermittent team sport, commonly stressing the endocrine system by physiological efforts. However, no review has synthesized the available literature on the hormonal responses to a rugby match. The purpose of this review was to examine the hormonal responses to a rugby match. Mediator and moderator variables for the rugby match- hormonal responses relationship were also discussed. METHODS: The systematic search was conducted using different databases and according to the Population/Intervention or Exposure/Comparison/Outcome(s) [PICO] criteria...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477348/the-potential-role-of-in-vivo-optical-coherence-tomography-for-evaluating-oral-soft-tissue-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Enrica Gentile, Claudio Maio, Antonio Romano, Luigi Laino, Alberta Lucchese
BACKGROUND: The introduction of optical coherence tomography (OCT) in dentistry enabled the integration of already existing clinical and laboratory investigations in the study the oral cavity. This systematic review, presents an overview of the literature, to evaluate the usefulness of in vivo OCT for diagnosing oral soft tissues lesions, to compare the OCT results with traditional histology, and to identify limitations in prior studies so as to improve OCT applications. METHODS: We performed a review of the literature using different search engines (PubMed, ISI Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library) employing MeSH terms such as "optical coherence tomography" and "OCT" in conjunction with other terms...
May 6, 2017: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473417/african-genomes-illuminate-the-early-history-and-transition-to-selfing-in-arabidopsis-thaliana
#17
Arun Durvasula, Andrea Fulgione, Rafal M Gutaker, Selen Irez Alacakaptan, Pádraic J Flood, Célia Neto, Takashi Tsuchimatsu, Hernán A Burbano, F Xavier Picó, Carlos Alonso-Blanco, Angela M Hancock
Over the past 20 y, many studies have examined the history of the plant ecological and molecular model, Arabidopsis thaliana, in Europe and North America. Although these studies informed us about the recent history of the species, the early history has remained elusive. In a large-scale genomic analysis of African A. thaliana, we sequenced the genomes of 78 modern and herbarium samples from Africa and analyzed these together with over 1,000 previously sequenced Eurasian samples. In striking contrast to expectations, we find that all African individuals sampled are native to this continent, including those from sub-Saharan Africa...
May 4, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469495/psychological-responses-to-acute-aerobic-resistance-or-combined-exercise-in-healthy-and-overweight-individuals-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Thomas J Elkington, Samantha Cassar, André R Nelson, Itamar Levinger
INTRODUCTION: Psychological distress and depression are risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD). As such, a reduction in psychological distress and increase in positive well-being may be important to reduce the risk for future development of CVD. Exercise training may be a good strategy to prevent and assist in the management of psychological disorders. The psychological effects of the initial exercise sessions may be important to increase exercise adherence. The aims of this systematic review were (a) to examine whether acute aerobic, resistance, or a combination of the 2 exercises improves psychological well-being and reduces psychological distress in individuals with healthy weight and those who are overweight/obese but free from psychological disorders, and (b) if so, to examine which form of exercise might yield superior results...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466628/effectiveness-of-physical-activity-promoting-technology-based-distance-interventions-compared-to-usual-care-systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression
#19
Sanna Hakala, Aki Rintala, Jaakko Immonen, Juha Karvanen, Ari Heinonen, Tuulikki Sjögren
INTRODUCTION: Technology has been thought to have strong potential for promoting physical activity, but the evidence has remained unclear. The aim of this study was to examine whether a technology-based distance intervention promoting physical activity is more effective than a physical activity intervention without the use of technology. This systematic review is registered in Prospero (CRD42016035831). EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic literature search of studies published between January 2000 to December 2015 was conducted in CENTRAL, EMBASE, Ovid MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, OT-Seeker, WOS and PEDro...
May 2, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463738/early-detection-of-the-growth-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-using-magnetophoretic-immunoassay-in-liquid-culture
#20
Jeonghyo Kim, Kil-Soo Lee, Eun Bee Kim, Seungwha Paik, Chulhun L Chang, Tae Jung Park, Hwa-Jung Kim, Jaebeom Lee
Tuberculosis (TB) is an often neglected, epidemic disease that remains to be controlled by contemporary techniques of medicine and biotechnology. In this study, a nanoscale sensing system, referred to as magnetophoretic immunoassay (MPI) was designed to capture culture filtrate protein (CFP)-10 antigens effectively using two different types of nanoparticles (NPs). Two specific monoclonal antibodies against CFP-10 antigen were used, including gold NPs for signaling and magnetic particles for separation. These results were carefully compared with those obtained using the commercial mycobacteria growth indicator tube (MGIT) test via 2 sequential clinical tests (with ca...
April 20, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
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