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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339144/australian-and-new-zealand-pulmonary-rehabilitation-guidelines
#1
Jennifer A Alison, Zoe J McKeough, Kylie Johnston, Renae J McNamara, Lissa M Spencer, Sue C Jenkins, Catherine J Hill, Vanessa M McDonald, Peter Frith, Paul Cafarella, Michelle Brooke, Helen L Cameron-Tucker, Sarah Candy, Nola Cecins, Andrew S L Chan, Marita T Dale, Leona M Dowman, Catherine Granger, Simon Halloran, Peter Jung, Annemarie L Lee, Regina Leung, Tamara Matulick, Christian Osadnik, Mary Roberts, James Walsh, Sally Wootton, Anne E Holland
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of the Pulmonary Rehabilitation Guidelines (Guidelines) is to provide evidence-based recommendations for the practice of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) specific to Australian and New Zealand healthcare contexts. METHODS: The Guideline methodology adhered to the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE) II criteria. Nine key questions were constructed in accordance with the PICO (Population, Intervention, Comparator, Outcome) format and reviewed by a COPD consumer group for appropriateness...
March 24, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333369/in-vivo-multiphoton-microscopy-of-picosecond-laser-induced-optical-breakdown-in-human-skin
#2
Mihaela Balu, Griffin Lentsch, Dorota Z Korta, Karsten König, Kristen M Kelly, Bruce J Tromberg, Christopher B Zachary
IMPORTANCE: Improvements in skin appearance resulting from treatment with fractionated picosecond-lasers have been noted, but optimizing the treatment efficacy depends on a thorough understanding of the specific skin response. The development of non-invasive laser imaging techniques in conjunction with laser therapy can potentially provide feedback for guidance and optimizing clinical outcome. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the capability of multiphoton microscopy (MPM), a high-resolution, label-free imaging technique, to characterize in vivo the skin response to a fractionated non-ablative picosecond-laser treatment...
March 23, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333051/artificial-intelligence-based-model-for-optimization-of-cod-removal-efficiency-of-an-up-flow-anaerobic-sludge-blanket-reactor-in-the-saline-wastewater-treatment
#3
Alain R Picos-Benítez, Juan D López-Hincapié, Abraham U Chávez-Ramírez, Adrián Rodríguez-García
The complex non-linear behavior presented in the biological treatment of wastewater requires an accurate model to predict the system performance. This study evaluates the effectiveness of an artificial intelligence (AI) model, based on the combination of artificial neural networks (ANNs) and genetic algorithms (GAs), to find the optimum performance of an up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor (UASB) for saline wastewater treatment. Chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal was predicted using conductivity, organic loading rate (OLR) and temperature as input variables...
March 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329559/factors-correlated-with-residents-decisions-to-enter-academic-dermatology
#4
Brenda M Morales-Pico, Cary C Cotton, Dean S Morrell
The demand for dermatologic services and training at academic medical centers has outpaced the growth in the field's academic workforce. Recruitment of graduating residents has been proposed as a solution to the shortage of academic dermatologists. The purpose of this study was to further our current understanding of the factors that support the recruitment and retention of academicians. A survey questionnaire was mailed to graduates of the dermatology residency program at the University of North Carolina, and data were gathered retrospectively from participants' residency application materials...
November 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327874/left-atrial-deformation-analysis-in-patients-with-corrected-tetralogy-of-fallot-by-3d-speckle-tracking-echocardiography-from-the-magyar-path-study
#5
Kálmán Havasi, Péter Domsik, Anita Kalapos, Jackie S McGhie, Jolien W Roos-Hesselink, Tamás Forster, Attila Nemes
Background: Three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography coupled with speckle-tracking echocardiographic (STE) capability is a novel methodology which has been demontrated to be useful for the assessment of left atrial (LA) volumes and functional properties. There is increased scientific interest on myocardial deformation analysis in adult patients with corrected tetralogy of Fallot (cTOF). Objectives: To compare LA volumes, volume-based functional properties and strain parameters between cTOF patients and age- and gender-matched healthy controls...
February 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319887/physico-chemical-and-genotoxicity-analysis-of-guaribas-river-water-in-the-northeast-brazil
#6
João Marcelo de Castro E Sousa, Ana Paula Peron, Felipe Cavalcanti Carneiro da Silva, Ellifran Bezerra de Siqueira Dantas, Ataíde de Macedo Vieira Lima, Victor Alves de Oliveira, Leomá Albuquerque Matos, Márcia Fernanda Correia Jardim Paz, Marcus Vinicius Oliveira Barros de Alencar, Muhammad Torequl Islam, Ana Amélia de Carvalho Melo-Cavalcante, Cláudia Costa Bonecker, Horácio Ferreira Júlio
River pollution in Brazil is significant. This study aimed to evaluate the physico-chemical and genotoxic profiles of the Guaribas river water, located in Northeast Brazil (State of Piauí, Brazil). The study conducted during the dry and wet seasons to understand the frequency of pollution throughout the year. Genotoxicity analysis was done with the blood of Oreochromis niloticus by using the comet assay. Water samples were collected from upstream, within and downstream the city Picos. The results suggest a significant (p < 0...
March 3, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317711/analysis-of-cannabinoids-by-liquid-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-in-milk-liver-and-hemp-seed-to-ensure-food-safety
#7
Úrsula Escrivá, María Jesús Andrés-Costa, Vicente Andreu, Yolanda Picó
A method for determining cannabinoids, Δ9-tetrahidrocannabinol (THC), 11-nor-9-carboxy-Δ(9)-THC (THC-COOH) and 11-hidroxy-Δ(9)-THC (THC-OH) in milk, liver and hemp seeds based on liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry has been optimized and validated. Analytes were extracted with methanol and the extracts cleaned-up by solid-phase extraction using Oasis HLB (60mg). The developed method was validated according to the Commission Decision 2002/657/EC. The decision limit (CCα) and detection capability (CCβ) ranged from 3...
August 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315941/prospective-associations-between-dietary-patterns-and-high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-in-european-children-the-idefics-study
#8
Esther María González-Gil, Gianluca Tognon, Lauren Lissner, Timm Intemann, Valeria Pala, Claudio Galli, Maike Wolters, Alfonso Siani, Toomas Veidebaum, Nathalie Michels, Denes Molnar, Jaakko Kaprio, Yannis Kourides, Arno Fraterman, Licia Iacoviello, Catalina Picó, Juan Miguel Fernández-Alvira, Luis Alberto Moreno Aznar
PURPOSE: This prospective study explores high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels in relation to dietary patterns at two time points in European children. METHODS: Out of the baseline sample of the IDEFICS study (n = 16,228), 4020 children, aged 2-9 years at baseline, with available hs-CRP levels and valid data from a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) at baseline (T0) and 2 years later (T1) were included. K-means clustering algorithm based on the similarities between relative food consumption frequencies of the FFQ was applied...
March 18, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299192/respiratory-rhythm-generation-triple-oscillator-hypothesis
#9
REVIEW
Tatiana M Anderson, Jan-Marino Ramirez
Breathing is vital for survival but also interesting from the perspective of rhythm generation. This rhythmic behavior is generated within the brainstem and is thought to emerge through the interaction between independent oscillatory neuronal networks. In mammals, breathing is composed of three phases - inspiration, post-inspiration, and active expiration - and this article discusses the concept that each phase is generated by anatomically distinct rhythm-generating networks: the preBötzinger complex (preBötC), the post-inspiratory complex (PiCo), and the lateral parafacial nucleus (pF L), respectively...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298241/five-shared-decision-making-tools-in-5%C3%A2-months-use-of-rapid-reviews-to-develop-decision-boxes-for-seniors-living-with-dementia-and-their-caregivers
#10
Moulikatou Adouni Lawani, Béatriz Valéra, Émilie Fortier-Brochu, France Légaré, Pierre-Hugues Carmichael, Luc Côté, Philippe Voyer, Edeltraut Kröger, Holly Witteman, Charo Rodriguez, Anik M C Giguere
BACKGROUND: Decision support tools build upon comprehensive and timely syntheses of literature. Rapid reviews may allow supporting their development by omitting certain components of traditional systematic reviews. We thus aimed to describe a rapid review approach underlying the development of decision support tools, i.e., five decision boxes (DB) for shared decision-making between seniors living with dementia, their caregivers, and healthcare providers. METHOD: We included studies based on PICO questions (Participant, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome) describing each of the five specific decision...
March 15, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291725/in-situ-operating-room-based-simulation-a-review
#11
Lily Owei, Christopher J Neylan, Raghavendra Rao, Robert C Caskey, Jon B Morris, Richard Sensenig, Ari D Brooks, Daniel T Dempsey, Noel N Williams, Joshua H Atkins, Dimitry Y Baranov, Kristoffel R Dumon
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the literature surrounding operating room-based in situ training in surgery. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted of MEDLINE. The review was conducted based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) methodology, and employed the Population, Intervention, Comparator, Outcome (PICO) structure to define inclusion/exclusion criteria. The Kirkpatrick model was used to further classify the outcome of in situ training when possible...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291656/diagnosis-of-exocrine-pancreatic-insufficiency-in-chronic-pancreatitis-13-c-mixed-triglyceride-breath-test-versus-fecal-elastase
#12
Víctor González-Sánchez, Rahma Amrani, Victoria González, Celia Trigo, Antonio Picó, Enrique de-Madaria
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy (PERT) is indicated in case of clinically relevant exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI). Clinical trials addressing PERT have used the coefficient of fat absorption (CFA) to define EPI but this test is cumbersome to perform. Our aim was to compare two easier-to-perform tests to detect clinically relevant EPI: Fecal Elastase-1 (FE-1) and (13)C-Mixed Triglyceride Breath Test (TGBT). METHODS: We prospectively included 54 patients with chronic pancreatitis (CP), 24...
March 6, 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290268/molecular-characterisation-genetic-variability-and-detection-of-a-functional-polymorphism-influencing-the-promoter-activity-of-oxt-gene-in-goat-and-sheep
#13
Gianfranco Cosenza, Marco Iannaccone, Boipuso Alpheus Pico, Daniela Gallo, Rosanna Capparelli, Alfredo Pauciullo
The purpose of the study described in this Research Communication was to report the full characterisation of the goat and sheep oxytocin-neurophysin I gene (OXT), their promoters and amino acid sequences. Using the genomic DNA as template, we sequenced and compared the whole OXT gene (3 exons), plus 958/960 nucleotides at the 5' flanking region and 478/477 nucleotides at the 3' flanking region, in 46 sheep and 24 goats belonging to different breeds/genetic types reared in Italy, Greece and Germany. The comparison of the obtained sequences showed a high degree of genetic variability at these loci...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Dairy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284227/the-association-between-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-and-maternal-human-papillomavirus-infection-a-systematic-review-protocol
#14
Joseph Niyibizi, Nadège Zanré, Marie-Hélène Mayrand, Helen Trottier
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most prevalent genital infection, especially in young women of reproductive age. In vitro and animal model experiments provide compelling evidence of the harmful effect of HPV on pregnancy outcomes, but results from epidemiologic studies are inconclusive. We aim to determine the strength of the relationship between adverse pregnancy outcomes (APO) and HPV infection and assess its consistency across studies, by systematically reviewing the literature...
March 11, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281253/microrna-biosensing-with-two-dimensional-surface-plasmon-resonance-imaging
#15
Ho Pui Ho, Fong Chuen Loo, Shu Yuen Wu, Dayong Gu, Ken-Tye Yong, Siu Kai Kong
Two-dimensional surface plasmon resonance (2D-SPR) imaging, which provides a real-time, sensitive, and high-throughput analysis of surface events in a two dimensional manner, is a valuable tool for studying biomolecular interactions and biochemical reactions without using any tag labels. The sensing principle of 2D-SPR includes angular, wavelength, and phase interrogation. In this chapter, the 2D-SPR imaging technique is applied for sensing a target microRNA by its corresponding oligonucleotide probes, with sequence complementarity, immobilized on the gold SPR sensing surface...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274420/evolution-of-volatile-compounds-in-gluten-free-bread-from-dough-to-crumb
#16
Joana Pico, Mario M Martínez, José Bernal, Manuel Gómez
Understanding the evolution of volatile compounds from dough to crumb is necessary in order to improve the weak aroma of gluten-free breads. Additionally, sensitive analytical methods are required to detect small changes. In the present study, a solvent extraction method combined with GC/MS was selected to examine the evolution of 31 principal volatile compounds from the beginning of fermentation to the end of baking in maize starch bread. During fermentation, only hexanal, hexanoic acid, benzaldehyde, benzyl alcohol, furfural and furfuryl alcohol remained constant whereas the rest became more abundant...
July 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272904/image-guided-lacrimal-drainage-surgery-in-congenital-arhinia-microphthalmia-syndrome
#17
Mohammad Javed Ali, Swati Singh, Milind N Naik
The aim of this study was to illustrate the surgical techniques and utility of stereotactic or image-guided navigation in the management of lacrimal drainage obstruction in congenital arhinia-microphtalmia syndrome and review the relevant literature. Image-guided combined external and endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy was performed in a female, aged 16 years with congenital partial arhinia and ipsilateral microphthalmus. The lacrimal sac was bypassed to the contra lateral nasal cavity through a septal window...
March 8, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272765/unusually-stable-picoloyl-protected-trimethylsilyl-glycosides-for-non-symmetrical-1-1-glycosylation-and-synthesis-of-1-1-disaccharides-with-diverse-configurations
#18
Kwok-Kong Tony Mong, Yen-Chu Luke Lu, Bhaswati Ghosh
Non-symmetrical 1,1'-disaccharides and conjugates, which are found in various glycolipids and natural products, have ben shown to exhibit diverse biological properties. We report a direct yet stereoselective 1,1'-glycosylation strategy for the synthesis of non-symmetrical 1,1'-disaccharides. The strategy is based on the joined forces of a new class of configurationally stable glycoside acceptors and stereo-directing thioglycoside donors. The new glycoside acceptors feature a nucleophilic trimethylsilyl (TMS) acetal group at the C1 position and a picoloyl (Pico) protecting group at the remote C4/C3 position...
March 8, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271021/tobacco-use-cessation-interventions-for-lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender-and-queer-youth-and-young-adults-a-scoping-review
#19
REVIEW
N Bruce Baskerville, Darly Dash, Alanna Shuh, Katy Wong, Aneta Abramowicz, Jennifer Yessis, Ryan D Kennedy
Smoking prevalence among LGBTQ + youth and young adults is alarmingly high compared to their non-LGBTQ + peers. The purpose of the scoping review was to assess the current state of smoking prevention and cessation intervention research for LGBTQ + youth and young adults, identify and describe these interventions and their effectiveness, and identify gaps in both practice and research. A search for published literature was conducted in PubMed, Scopus, CINAHL, PsychInfo, and LGBT Life, as well as an in-depth search of the grey literature...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270796/volcanic-soils-as-sources-of-novel-co-oxidizing-paraburkholderia-and-burkholderia-paraburkholderia-hiiakae-sp-nov-paraburkholderia-metrosideri-sp-nov-paraburkholderia-paradisi-sp-nov-paraburkholderia-peleae-sp-nov-and-burkholderia-alpina-sp-nov-a-member-of
#20
Carolyn F Weber, Gary M King
Previous studies showed that members of the Burkholderiales were important in the succession of aerobic, molybdenum-dependent CO oxidizing-bacteria on volcanic soils. During these studies, four isolates were obtained from Kilauea Volcano (Hawai'i, USA); one strain was isolated from Pico de Orizaba (Mexico) during a separate study. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities, the Pico de Orizaba isolate and the isolates from Kilauea Volcano were provisionally assigned to the genera Burkholderia and Paraburkholderia, respectively...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
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