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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817138/influence-of-abutment-height-on-maintenance-of-peri-implant-crestal-bone-at-bone-level-implants-a-3-year-follow-up-study
#1
Lourdes Nóvoa, Pilar Batalla, Leticia Caneiro, Alexandre Pico, Antonio Liñares, Juan Blanco
In this 3-year follow-up study, peri-implant bone loss at bone-level implants was evaluated with two definitive abutment heights: 1 mm and 2.5 mm. Peri-implant bone loss was defined as the distance between the implant shoulder and the first bone-to-implant contact from the time of loading to the 36-month follow-up, estimated using periapical radiographs. The bone loss was increased at the time of follow-up, to 1.30 mm (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.70-1.89 mm; SD = 1.89) and 0.33 mm (95% CI: 0.11-0.55; SD = 0...
September 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811302/effects-of-temperature-and-uvr-on-organic-matter-fluxes-and-the-metabolic-activity-of-acropora-muricata
#2
Lucile Courtial, Christine Ferrier-Pagès, Stéphan Jacquet, Riccardo Rodolfo-Metalpa, Stéphanie Reynaud, Cécile Rottier, Fanny Houlbrèque
Coral bleaching events are predicted to occur more frequently in the coming decades with global warming. The susceptibility of corals to bleaching during thermal stress episodes depends on many factors, including the magnitude of thermal stress and irradiance. The interactions among these two factors, and in particular with ultra-violet radiation (UVR), the most harmful component of light, are more complex than assumed, and are not yet well understood. This paper explores the individual and combined effects of temperature and UVR on the metabolism of Acropora muricata, one of the most abundant coral species worldwide...
August 15, 2017: Biology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807639/a-survey-of-caesarean-section-surgical-site-infections-with-pico%C3%A2-single-use-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-system-in-high-risk-patients-in-england-and-ireland
#3
R J Searle, D Myers
This article reports audit data from the introduction of the PICO™ System for caesarean section patients with high body mass index (BMI) in four hospitals in the UK and Ireland. PICO was used on closed surgical incisions following caesarean section in 399 patients with BMI ≥35kg/m(2). Thirty-six out of 399 patients (9.0%) developed signs of surgical site infection (SSI), a rate lower than a previously reported incidence of 19.3% in a similar population. The readmission incidence was 0.8%. Therefore the use of PICO on closed surgical incisions may be associated with low incidence of SSI and readmission in this high-risk group...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805305/systematic-review-of-provider-involvement-in-heart-failure-self-care-interventions
#4
Rebecca Bryant, Amanda Alonzo, Hanna Schmillen
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Heart failure is a global concern impacting patient outcomes. Self-care interventions improve self-care behaviors in heart failure patients. The impact of direct provider involvement on patient self-care outcomes is unknown in research. The purpose is to review self-care interventions for adults with heart failure and describe direct provider involvement versus no direct provider involvement on patient self-care behaviors. METHODS: Review was conducted using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
August 14, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799703/the-pico-game-an-innovative-strategy-for-teaching-step-1-in-evidence-based-practice
#5
Kerry A Milner, Sheryl Cosme
This column shares the best evidence-based strategies and innovative ideas on how to facilitate the learning and implementation of EBP principles and processes by clinicians as well as nursing and interprofessional students. Guidelines for submission are available at https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1741-6787.
August 11, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797524/systematic-review-of-metformin-monotherapy-and-dual-therapy-with-sodium-glucose-co-transporter-2-inhibitor-sglt-2-in-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#6
Nagashekhara Molugulu, Lai Shu Yee, Yew Tze Ye, Tan Chew Khee, Lee Zhen Nie, Neoh Jia Yee, Tian Kar Yee, Tan Chee Liang, Prashant Kesharwani
BACKGROUND: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) is a chronic disorder and its treatment with only metformin often does not provide optimum glycemic control. Addition of sodium glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor (SGLT2) will improve the glycemic control in patients on metformin alone. In this study, an attempt is made to investigate the combined therapy of SGLT-2 with metformin in managing T2DM in terms of lowering HbA1c and body weight and monotherapy using metformin alone in HbA1c and body weight reduction...
July 25, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781031/practical-application-of-evidence-based-practice
#7
REVIEW
Michelle A Giuffrida
High-quality clinical practice requires veterinarians to stay abreast of new research and integrate relevant findings into patient care. Clinicians can achieve this goal using evidence-based practice (EBP), the stepwise process of integrating best research evidence into existing clinical decision-making processes. This article provides explanations and recommendations for performing key steps of the EBP process, with a focus on issues the exotic animal practitioner might encounter. Key areas of discussion include the development of focused PICO questions, types of literature and search strategies, and basic clinical epidemiology principles, including chance error, bias, confounding, and generalizability...
September 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780548/effect-of-single-family-rooms-for-preterm-infants-on-neurodevelopment-study-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#8
Nicole R van Veenendaal, Sophie R D van der Schoor, Jacqueline Limpens, Anne A M W van Kempen, Johannes B van Goudoever
INTRODUCTION: Preterm infants are at an increased risk for neurodevelopmental delay. They have to endure many stressors in early life, including parent-infant separation, noise and painful procedures during hospitalisation in the highly technological environment of the modern neonatal ward. Currently, a shift is being noticed in the architectural design of neonatal wards towards single family rooms instead of the common open bay units. The influence of the hospital environment on health and specifically neurodevelopment in this vulnerable patient population remains under discussion...
August 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771489/additional-value-of-screening-for-minor-genes-and-copy-number-variants-in-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#9
Irene Mademont-Soler, Jesus Mates, Raquel Yotti, Maria Angeles Espinosa, Alexandra Pérez-Serra, Ana Isabel Fernandez-Avila, Monica Coll, Irene Méndez, Anna Iglesias, Bernat Del Olmo, Helena Riuró, Sofía Cuenca, Catarina Allegue, Oscar Campuzano, Ferran Picó, Carles Ferrer-Costa, Patricia Álvarez, Sergio Castillo, Pablo Garcia-Pavia, Esther Gonzalez-Lopez, Laura Padron-Barthe, Aranzazu Díaz de Bustamante, María Teresa Darnaude, José Ignacio González-Hevia, Josep Brugada, Francisco Fernandez-Aviles, Ramon Brugada
INTRODUCTION: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most prevalent inherited heart disease. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) is the preferred genetic test, but the diagnostic value of screening for minor and candidate genes, and the role of copy number variants (CNVs) deserves further evaluation. METHODS: Three hundred and eighty-seven consecutive unrelated patients with HCM were screened for genetic variants in the 5 most frequent genes (MYBPC3, MYH7, TNNT2, TNNI3 and TPM1) using Sanger sequencing (N = 84) or NGS (N = 303)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769710/the-genus-apodrosus-marshall-1922-in-cuba-coleoptera-curculionidae-entiminae-polydrusini
#10
Robert S Anderson, Guanyang Zhang
The genus Apodrosus Marshall is newly recorded for, and revised for Cuba. Nine new species are recognized as follows: Apodrosus alberti (type locality, Granma, Parque Nacional Pico Turquino), A. alternatus (type locality, Guantánamo, El Yunque), A. franklyni (type locality, Cienfuegos, Parque Nacional Pico San Juan), A. griseus (type locality, Santiago de Cuba, Siboney-Jutici Ecological Reserve), A. mensurensis (type locality, Holguin, Parque Nacional La Mensura-Piloto), A. pseudoalternatus (type locality, Matanzas, Varahicacos), A...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768952/evaluation-of-an-evidence-based-medicine-educational-program-for-pharmacists-and-pharmacy-students
#11
Tadashi Shimizu, Masahiro Ueda, Mikoto Toyoyama, Shiho Ohmori, Nobumasa Takagaki
 This study evaluated the effect of an evidence-based medicine (EBM) educational program on EBM-related knowledge and skills of pharmacists and pharmacy students. Our preliminary educational program included the following four sessions: 1) ice breaker, 2) formulation of answerable clinical questions from virtual clinical scenario using the PICO criteria, 3) critical appraisal of the literature using a checklist, and 4) critical appraisal of the results and integrating the evidence with experience and patients values...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755568/what-patients-think-about-psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures-in-buenos-aires-argentina-a-qualitative-approach
#12
Mercedes Sarudiansky, Alejandra Inés Lanzillotti, María Marta Areco Pico, Cristina Tenreyro, Laura Scévola, Silvia Kochen, Luciana D'Alessio, Guido Pablo Korman
PURPOSE: To analyse the methods of reasoning with regard to patients' experiences of living with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) in Buenos Aires, Argentina. METHOD: A qualitative approach using semi-structured interviews was used to gain an in-depth and contextual understanding of the perspectives of five patients with PNES. Data collection and analysis were followed by an inductive and interpretive approach informed by the principles of thematic analysis...
July 20, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753511/assessing-drugs-of-abuse-distribution-in-turia-river-based-on-geographic-information-system-and-liquid-chromatography-mass-spectrometry
#13
María Jesús Andrés-Costa, Juan Pascual-Aguilar, Vicente Andreu, Yolanda Picó
Drugs of abuse are continuously discharged into wastewaters as part of their elimination process. Pollution at very low concentrations appears to be broad in environmental compartments near populated areas. A total of 42 drugs of abuse and metabolites were analysed in surface water samples collected in 2012 and 2013 by solid phase extraction and liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry. Analytical results of target compounds were georeferenced and integrated into a geographical information systems (GIS)...
July 25, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753191/the-patient-healthcare-professional-relationship-and-communication-in-the-oncology-outpatient-setting-a-systematic-review
#14
Anne Prip, Kirsten Alling Møller, Dorte Lisbet Nielsen, Mary Jarden, Marie-Helene Olsen, Anne Kjaergaard Danielsen
BACKGROUND: Today, cancer care and treatment primarily take place in an outpatient setting where encounters between patients and healthcare professionals are often brief. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to summarize the literature of adult patients' experiences of and need for relationships and communication with healthcare professionals during chemotherapy in the oncology outpatient setting. METHODS: The systematic literature review was carried out according to PRISMA guidelines and the PICO framework, and a systematic search was conducted in MEDLINE, CINAHL, The Cochrane Library, and Joanna Briggs Institute Evidence Based Practice Database...
July 27, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749146/rigid-branched-porphyrin-antennas-control-over-cascades-of-unidirectional-energy-funneling-and-charge-transfer
#15
Maximilian Wolf, Astrid Herrmann, Andreas Hirsch, Dirk M Guldi
Porphyrin arrays consisting of three peripheral Zinc porphyrins (ZnPs) and a central free base porphyrin (H2P)-all rigidly linked to each other-serve as light-harvesting antennas as well as electron donors and are flexibly coupled to an electron-accepting C60 to realize the unidirectional flow of (i) excited-state energy from the ZnPs at the periphery to the H2P, (ii) electrons to C60, and (iii) holes to H2P and, subsequently, to ZnP. Dynamics following photoexcitation are elucidated by time-resolved transient absorption measurements on the femto-, pico-, nano-, and microsecond time scales and are examined by multiwavelength as well as target analyses...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747645/quantum-parametric-mode-sorting-beating-the-time-frequency-filtering
#16
Amin Shahverdi, Yong Meng Sua, Lubna Tumeh, Yu-Ping Huang
Selective detection of signal over noise is essential to measurement and signal processing. Time-frequency filtering has been the standard approach for the optimal detection of non-stationary signals. However, there is a fundamental tradeoff between the signal detection efficiency and the amount of undesirable noise detected simultaneously, which restricts its uses under weak signal yet strong noise conditions. Here, we demonstrate quantum parametric mode sorting based on nonlinear optics at the edge of phase matching to improve the tradeoff...
July 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746042/50-years-ago-in-the-journal-of-pediatrics-double-blind-treatment-study-of-shigellosis-comparing-ampicillin-sulfadiazine-and-placebo
#17
Víctor M Pérez-Pico, Giordano Pérez-Gaxiola
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745154/using-telehealth-in-the-management-of-hypertension
#18
Charlotte Elizabeth Harrison, Karen Wild
Telehealth is a recent concept in hypertension management, and involves using electronic technology to monitor patients' vital signs, such as blood pressure, in their homes. This article presents the findings of a literature review that explored the issues associated with implementing telehealth in the primary care setting. It outlines the challenges associated with telehealth, as well as the potential benefits in terms of improving hypertension management. Aim To explore the usefulness of, and evidence for, telehealth in the management of hypertension in the primary care setting...
July 26, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744221/sexual-dimorphism-in-the-age-induced-insulin-resistance-liver-steatosis-and-adipose-tissue-function-in-rats
#19
Francisco Garcia-Carrizo, Teresa Priego, Nara Szostaczuk, Andreu Palou, Catalina Picó
Age-linked metabolic disturbances, such as liver steatosis and insulin resistance, show greater prevalence in men than in women. Thus, our aim was to analyze these sex-related differences in male and female Wistar rats (aged 26 days and 3, 7, and 14 months), and to assess their potential relationship with alterations in the capacity of adipose tissue expansion and the dysregulation of the main adipokines produced by the adipose tissue, leptin and adiponectin. Adiposity-related parameters, blood parameters, the expression of genes related to expandability and inflammation (WAT), lipid metabolism (liver), and leptin and insulin signaling (both tissues) were measured...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729235/improving-adherence-to-web-based-and-mobile-technologies-for-people-with-psychosis-systematic-review-of-new-potential-predictors-of-adherence
#20
Clare Killikelly, Zhimin He, Clare Reeder, Til Wykes
BACKGROUND: Despite the boom in new technologically based interventions for people with psychosis, recent studies suggest medium to low rates of adherence to these types of interventions. The benefits will be limited if only a minority of service users adhere and engage; if specific predictors of adherence can be identified then technologies can be adapted to increase the service user benefits. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to present a systematic review of rates of adherence, dropout, and approaches to analyzing adherence to newly developed mobile and Web-based interventions for people with psychosis...
July 20, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
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