keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

PICO

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937886/effectiveness-of-biology-based-methods-for-inhibiting-orthodontic-tooth-movement-a-systematic-review
#1
M Cadenas de Llano-Pérula, R M Yañez-Vico, E Solano-Reina, J C Palma-Fernandez, A Iglesias-Linares
INTRODUCTION: Several experimental studies in the literature have tested different biology-based methods for inhibiting or decreasing orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) in humans. This systematic review investigated the effects of these interventions on the rate of tooth movement. STUDY DESIGN: Electronic [MedLine; SCOPUS; Cochrane Library; OpenGrey;Web of Science] and manual searches were conducted up to January 26th, 2016 in order to identify publications of clinical trials that compared the decreasing or inhibiting effects of different biology-based methods over OTM in humans...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927393/the-complete-digital-workflow-in-fixed-prosthodontics-a-systematic-review
#2
Tim Joda, Fernando Zarone, Marco Ferrari
BACKGROUND: The continuous development in dental processing ensures new opportunities in the field of fixed prosthodontics in a complete virtual environment without any physical model situations. The aim was to compare fully digitalized workflows to conventional and/or mixed analog-digital workflows for the treatment with tooth-borne or implant-supported fixed reconstructions. METHODS: A PICO strategy was executed using an electronic (MEDLINE, EMBASE, Google Scholar) plus manual search up to 2016-09-16 focusing on RCTs investigating complete digital workflows in fixed prosthodontics with regard to economics or esthetics or patient-centered outcomes with or without follow-up or survival/success rate analysis as well as complication assessment of at least 1 year under function...
September 19, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920435/molecular-packing-hydrogen-bonding-and-fast-dynamics-in-lysozyme-trehalose-glycerol-and-trehalose-glycerol-glasses-at-low-hydration
#3
Adrien Lerbret, Frédéric Affouard
Water and glycerol are well-known to facilitate the structural relaxation of amorphous protein matrices. However, several studies evidenced that they may also limit fast (~ pico-nanosecond, ps-ns) and small-amplitude (~ Å) motions of proteins, which govern their stability in freeze-dried sugar mixtures. To determine how they interact with proteins and sugars in glassy matrices and, thereby, modulate their fast dynamics, we performed molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of lysozyme/trehalose/glycerol (LTG) and trehalose/glycerol (TG) mixtures at low glycerol and water concentrations...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912550/calcium-mediated-adhesion-of-nanomaterials-in-reservoir-fluids
#4
Shannon L Eichmann, Nancy A Burnham
Globally, a small percentage of oil is recovered from reservoirs using primary and secondary recovery mechanisms, and thus a major focus of the oil industry is toward developing new technologies to increase recovery. Many new technologies utilize surfactants, macromolecules, and even nanoparticles, which are difficult to deploy in harsh reservoir conditions and where failures cause material aggregation and sticking to rock surfaces. To combat these issues, typically material properties are adjusted, but recent studies show that adjusting the dispersing fluid chemistry could have significant impact on material survivability...
September 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904205/hemodynamic-forces-can-be-accurately-measured-in-vivo-with-optical-tweezers
#5
Sébastien Harlepp, Fabrice Thalmann, Gautier Follain, Jacky G Goetz
Force sensing and generation at the tissular and cellular scale is central to many biological events. There is a growing interest in modern cell biology for methods enabling force measurements in vivo Optical trapping allows non-invasive probing of pico-Newton forces and thus emerged as a promising mean for assessing biomechanics in vivo Nevertheless, the main obstacles rely in the accurate determination of the trap stiffness in heterogeneous living organisms, at any position where the trap is used. A proper calibration of the trap stiffness is thus required for performing accurate and reliable force measurements in vivo Here, we introduce a method that overcomes these difficulties by accurately measuring hemodynamic profiles in order to calibrate the trap stiffness...
September 13, 2017: Molecular Biology of the Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902004/antiretroviral-therapy-in-hiv-infected-children-with-tuberculosis-a-systematic-review
#6
Giorgia Sulis, Silvia Amadasi, Anna Odone, Martina Penazzato, Alberto Matteelli
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis is the major cause of mortality in HIV-infected children globally. Current guidelines about the management of antiretroviral therapy in children with tuberculosis are based on a limited number of non-randomized studies involving small numbers of participants. The aim of the study was to systematically retrieve and critically appraise available evidence on the efficacy and safety of different antiretroviral regimens in children with HIV infection who are receiving treatment for active tuberculosis...
September 7, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895922/the-effect-of-nutrition-therapy-and-exercise-on-cancer-related-fatigue-and-quality-of-life-in-men-with-prostate-cancer-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Brenton J Baguley, Kate A Bolam, Olivia R L Wright, Tina L Skinner
BACKGROUND: Improvements in diet and/or exercise are often advocated during prostate cancer treatment, yet the efficacy of, and optimal nutrition and exercise prescription for managing cancer-related fatigue and quality of life remains elusive. The aim of this study is to systematically review the effects of nutrition and/or exercise on cancer-related fatigue and/or quality of life. METHODS: A literature search was conducted in six electronic databases. The Delphi quality assessment list was used to evaluate the methodological quality of the literature...
September 12, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893540/the-use-of-antibiotics-in-odontogenic-infections-what-is-the-best-choice-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
João Roig Martins, Otacílio Luiz Chagas Júnior, Bibiana Dalsasso Velasques, Ângelo Niemczewski Bobrowski, Marcos Britto Correa, Marcos Antonio Torriani
PURPOSE: Odontogenic infections are a common problem in dentistry, and their treatment often requires the use of antibiotics besides the removal of the source of infection, which frequently makes it more difficult for clinicians to make a decision regarding the choice of antibiotic. This study aimed to answer the following questions through the PICO format: When should antibiotics be used in dental infections (DIs)? Which are the most effective drugs? How long should antibiotics be administered? MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a systematic review using the PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane databases without restriction as to the period researched...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890434/international-ers-esicm-escmid-alat-guidelines-for-the-management-of-hospital-acquired-pneumonia-and-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-guidelines-for-the-management-of-hospital-acquired-pneumonia-hap-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-vap-of-the-european-respiratory
#9
Antoni Torres, Michael S Niederman, Jean Chastre, Santiago Ewig, Patricia Fernandez-Vandellos, Hakan Hanberger, Marin Kollef, Gianluigi Li Bassi, Carlos M Luna, Ignacio Martin-Loeches, J Artur Paiva, Robert C Read, David Rigau, Jean François Timsit, Tobias Welte, Richard Wunderink
The most recent European guidelines and task force reports on hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) were published almost 10 years ago. Since then, further randomised clinical trials of HAP and VAP have been conducted and new information has become available. Studies of epidemiology, diagnosis, empiric treatment, response to treatment, new antibiotics or new forms of antibiotic administration and disease prevention have changed old paradigms. In addition, important differences between approaches in Europe and the USA have become apparent...
September 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886916/annual-variations-of-total-and-fractionated-chlorophyll-and-phytoplankton-groups-in-the-gulf-of-cadiz
#10
C González-García, J Forja, M C González-Cabrera, M P Jiménez, L M Lubián
Chlorophyll and phytoplankton distribution and concentration in the Gulf of Cadiz were studied during 2014 and 2015. In both years the highest chlorophyll concentrations are found at coastal stations during spring. Pico- and nanophytoplankton are the main contributors to total chlorophyll, with highest concentrations at the outer limit of the continental shelf. Microphytoplankton is responsible for most of the inshore chlorophyll. Picophytoplankton was analyzed to determine density, biomass and distribution...
September 5, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885895/meta-analysis-of-comparative-trials-evaluating-a-prophylactic-single-use-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-system-for-the-prevention-of-surgical-site-complications
#11
Vicki Strugala, Robin Martin
BACKGROUND: We report the first meta-analysis on the impact of prophylactic use of a specific design of negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) device on surgical site complications. METHODS: Articles were identified in which the specific single-use NPWT device (PICO(⋄), Smith & Nephew) was compared with standard care for surgical site infection (SSI), dehiscence, or length of stay (LOS). Risk ratio (RR) ±95% confidence interval (CI) (SSI; dehiscence) or mean difference in LOS ±95% CI was calculated using RevMan v5...
September 8, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884367/pelvic-floor-muscle-activity-during-impact-activities-in-continent-and-incontinent-women-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Helene Moser, Monika Leitner, Jean-Pierre Baeyens, Lorenz Radlinger
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Investigating the activity of the pelvic floor muscles (PFMs) in women during impact activities such as jumping, running or coughing may elucidate different aspects of PFM activation and therefore clarify the pathophysiology of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). A systematic review (PROSPERO 2016:CRD42016035624) was conducted to summarize current evidence on PFM activity during impact activities in both continent and incontinent women. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane, and SPORTDiscus databases were systematically searched for studies published up to December 2016...
September 7, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884178/screening-of-potential-anti-adipogenic-effects-of-phenolic-compounds-showing-different-chemical-structure-in-3t3-l1-preadipocytes
#13
Andrea Mosqueda-Solís, Arrate Lasa, Saioa Gómez-Zorita, Itziar Eseberri, Catalina Picó, María P Portillo
This study was designed to analyze the anti-adipogenic effect of fifteen phenolic compounds from various chemical groups in 3T3-L1 pre-adipocytes. Cells were treated with 25 μM, 10 μM or 1 μM of apigenin, luteolin, catechin, epicatechin, epigallocatechin, genistein, daizein, naringenin, hesperidin, quercetin, kaempferol, resveratrol, vanillic acid, piceatannol and pterostilbene for 8 days. At 25 μM lipid accumulation was reduced by all the compounds, with the exception of catechin, epicatechin and epigallocatechin...
September 8, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882125/evidence-mapping-based-on-systematic-reviews-of-therapeutic-interventions-for-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumors-gist
#14
Mónica Ballesteros, Nadia Montero, Antonio López-Pousa, Gerard Urrútia, Ivan Solà, Gabriel Rada, Hector Pardo-Hernandez, Xavier Bonfill
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumours (GISTs) are the most common mesenchymal tumours. Currently, different pharmacological and surgical options are used to treat localised and metastatic GISTs, although this research field is broad and the body of evidence is scattered and expanding. Our objectives are to identify, describe and organise the current available evidence for GIST through an evidence mapping approach. METHODS: We followed the methodology of Global Evidence Mapping (GEM)...
September 7, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874719/a-mutation-in-the-melon-vacuolar-protein-sorting-41prevents-systemic-infection-of-cucumber-mosaic-virus
#15
Ana Giner, Laura Pascual, Michael Bourgeois, Gabor Gyetvai, Pablo Rios, Belén Picó, Christelle Troadec, Abdel Bendahmane, Jordi Garcia-Mas, Ana Montserrat Martín-Hernández
In the melon exotic accession PI 161375, the gene cmv1, confers recessive resistance to Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) strains of subgroup II. cmv1 prevents the systemic infection by restricting the virus to the bundle sheath cells and impeding viral loading to the phloem. Here we report the fine mapping and cloning of cmv1. Screening of an F2 population reduced the cmv1 region to a 132 Kb interval that includes a Vacuolar Protein Sorting 41 gene. CmVPS41 is conserved among plants, animals and yeast and is required for post-Golgi vesicle trafficking towards the vacuole...
September 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873092/effect-of-cervical-cancer-education-and-provider-recommendation-for-screening-on-screening-rates-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Jonah Musa, Chad J Achenbach, Linda C O'Dwyer, Charlesnika T Evans, Megan McHugh, Lifang Hou, Melissa A Simon, Robert L Murphy, Neil Jordan
BACKGROUND: Although cervical cancer is largely preventable through screening, detection and treatment of precancerous abnormalities, it remains one of the top causes of cancer-related morbidity and mortality globally. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this systematic review is to understand the evidence of the effect of cervical cancer education compared to control conditions on cervical cancer screening rates in eligible women population at risk of cervical cancer...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872667/cognitive-and-neuroimaging-findings-in-developmental-coordination-disorder-new-insights-from-a-systematic-review-of-recent-research
#17
REVIEW
Peter H Wilson, Bouwien Smits-Engelsman, Karen Caeyenberghs, Bert Steenbergen, David Sugden, Jane Clark, Nick Mumford, Rainer Blank
AIM: To better understand the neural and performance factors that may underlie developmental coordination disorder (DCD), and implications for a multi-component account. METHOD: A systematic review of the experimental literature published between June 2011 and September 2016 was conducted using a modified PICOS (population, intervention, comparison, outcomes, and study type) framework. A total of 106 studies were included. RESULTS: Behavioural data from 91 studies showed a broad cluster of deficits in the anticipatory control of movement, basic processes of motor learning, and cognitive control...
September 5, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870940/inconsistent-reporting-between-meta-analysis-protocol-and-publication-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Alberto Falk Delgado, Anna Falk Delgado
BACKGROUND: Inconsistent reporting in published meta-analyses compared to registered protocol are poorly understood. The aim of the study was to assess inconsistencies between registered protocols and published reports among oncology drug meta-analyses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed including oncology drug meta-analyses published between January 1st and November 14th 2016 with a published protocol. Two investigators extracted data on: selection criteria, outcome(s) and statistical plan in protocol and manuscript, plus self-acknowledgement of inconsistent reporting between protocol and publication...
September 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869814/multi-residue-determination-of-47-organic-compounds-in-water-soil-sediment-and-fish-turia-river-as-case-study
#19
Eric Carmona, Vicente Andreu, Yolanda Picó
A sensitive and reliable method based on solid-liquid extraction (SLE) using McIlvaine-Na2EDTA buffer (pH=4.5)-methanol and solid-phase extraction (SPE) clean up prior to ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) was applied to determine 47 organic contaminants in fish, soil and sediments. The SPE procedure to clean-up the extracts was also used as extraction method to determine these compounds in water. Recoveries ranged from 38 to 104% for all matrices with RSDs<30%...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866781/dispositional-use-of-emotion-regulation-strategies-and-resting-state-cortico-limbic-functional-connectivity
#20
Maria Picó-Pérez, Pino Alonso, Oren Contreras-Rodríguez, Ignacio Martínez-Zalacaín, Clara López-Solà, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Antonio Verdejo-García, José M Menchón, Carles Soriano-Mas
Neuroimaging functional connectivity (FC) analyses have shown that the negative coupling between the amygdala and cortical regions is linked to better emotion regulation in experimental settings. Nevertheless, no studies have examined the association between resting-state cortico-amygdalar FC and the dispositional use of emotion regulation strategies. We aim at assessing the relationship between the resting-state FC patterns of two different amygdala territories, with different functions in the emotion response process, and trait-like measures of cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression...
September 2, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
keyword
keyword
29563
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"