Read by QxMD icon Read

Msu and arthritis

Quan-Bo Zhang, Yu-Feng Qing, Cong-Cong Yin, Li Zhou, Xian-Shuang Liu, Qing-Sheng Mi, Jing-Guo Zhou
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) serve as important regulators of inflammatory and immune responses and are implicated in several immune disorders including gouty arthritis. The expression of miR-146a is upregulated in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells of patients with inter-critical gout when compared to normouricemic and hyperuricemic controls and those patients with acute gout flares. However, the role of miR-146a in the development of gout remains unknown. Here, we used miR-146a knockout (KO) mice to test miR-146a function in a monosodium urate (MSU)-induced gouty arthritis model...
March 15, 2018: Arthritis Research & Therapy
Yan Lin, Pei-Gang Liu, Wei-Qing Liang, Yi-Juan Hu, Pan Xu, Jie Zhou, Jin-Bao Pu, Hong-Jian Zhang
BACKGROUND: Gnaphalium affine D. Don is a folk medicine of China believed to be efficacious in the treatment of many ailments, including hyperuricemia and gout. PURPOSE: Based on a previous study, we isolated two flavones, luteolin and luteolin-4'-O-glucoside, from G. affine. Our aim was to assess the potential beneficial effects of treatment and mechanisms of these two flavones on hyperuricemia and acute gouty arthritis. METHODS: The model of potassium oxonate (PO)-induced hyperuricemia and monosodium urate (MSU) crystal-induced inflammation in mice has been established...
March 1, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Teng Ma, Xiao Liu, Zhifu Cen, Chuan Xin, Mingfeng Guo, Chaoyu Zou, Wenpeng Song, Rou Xie, Kailun Wang, Hong Zhou, Jun Zhang, Zhen Wang, Ce Bian, Kaijun Cui, Jiong Li, Yu-Quan Wei, Jing Li, Xikun Zhou
BACKGROUND: Interleukin-1β (IL-1β) is a pivotal proinflammatory cytokine that is strongly associated with the inflammation of gout. However, the underlying mechanism through which the production of IL-1β is regulated has not been fully elucidated. Our previous work identified that miR-302b had an important immune regulatory role in bacterial lung infections. This study was conducted to evaluate the function of miR-302b on monosodium urate (MSU) crystal-induced inflammation and its mechanism...
February 26, 2018: Arthritis Research & Therapy
Young-Eun Ji, Xiao Sun, Myong-Ki Kim, Wan Yi Li, Sang Woo Lee, Sushruta Koppula, Sang-Hyeun Yu, Han-Bi Kim, Tae-Bong Kang, Kwang-Ho Lee
Eucalyptus globulus Labill. (E. globulus, Myrtaceae) is used in Europe as a traditional folk remedy for inflammation-related disorders such as arthritis, diabetes, asthma, and gout. We investigated this study to evaluate the protective effects of E. globulus extract (EG) on inflammatory responses, and provide scientific and mechanistic evidence in in vitro and in vivo experimental models. LPS-stimulated murine bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) were used to study the regulatory effect of EG on inflammasome activation in vitro...
February 12, 2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
M Gamala, S P Linn-Rasker, M Nix, B G F Heggelman, J M van Laar, P C M Pasker-de Jong, J W G Jacobs, R Klaasen
To establish whether dual-energy CT (DECT) is a diagnostic tool, i.e., associated with initiation or discontinuation of a urate lowering drug (ULD). Secondly, to determine whether DECT results (gout deposition y/n) can be predicted by clinical and laboratory variables. Digital medical records of 147 consecutive patients with clinical suspicion of gout were analyzed retrospectively. Clinical data including medication before and after DECT, lab results, and results from diagnostic joint aspiration and DECT were collected...
January 27, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
Kuang-Hui Yu, Der-Yuan Chen, Jiunn-Horng Chen, Shih-Yang Chen, Shyh-Ming Chen, Tien-Tsai Cheng, Song-Chou Hsieh, Tsu-Yi Hsieh, Pai-Feng Hsu, Chang-Fu Kuo, Mei-Chuan Kuo, Hing-Chung Lam, I-Te Lee, Toong-Hua Liang, Hsiao-Yi Lin, Shih-Chang Lin, Wen-Pin Tsai, Gregory J Tsay, James Cheng-Chung Wei, Chung-Han Yang, Wen-Chan Tsai
Gout is an inflammatory disease manifested by the deposition of monosodium urate (MSU) crystals in joints, cartilage, synovial bursa, tendons or soft tissues. Gout is not a new disease, which was first documented nearly 5,000 years ago. The prevalence of gout has increased globally in recent years, imposing great disease burden worldwide. Moreover, gout or hyperuricemia is clearly associated with a variety of comorbidities, including cardiovascular diseases, chronic kidney disease, urolithiasis, metabolic syndrome, diabetes mellitus, thyroid dysfunction, and psoriasis...
January 24, 2018: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
Cory Iverson, Andrew Bacong, Sha Liu, Scott Baumgartner, Torbjörn Lundström, Jan Oscarsson, Jeffrey N Miner
This study assesses the efficacy and exposure-response relationship of omega-3-carboxylic acids (OM-3 CA) in models of crystal-based inflammation. Human THP-1 macrophages and primary peripheral blood mononuclear cells exposed to multiple inflammatory crystal types were used to determine the anti-inflammatory potential of omega-3 (OM-3) fatty acids in vitro. Anti-inflammatory effects of OM-3 CA in vivo were tested in rat monosodium urate (MSU) crystal air pouch and rat knee intra-articular MSU injection models...
January 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
Aida Marcotti, Ana Miralles, Eduardo Dominguez, Eliseo Pascual, Ana Gomis, Carlos Belmonte, Elvira de la Peña
The mechanisms whereby monosodium urate (MSU) crystals deposition in gout activate nociceptors to induce joint pain are incompletely understood. We tried to reproduce the signs of painful gouty arthritis, injecting into the knee joint of rats suspensions containing amorphous or triclinic, needle MSU crystals. The magnitude of MSU-induced inflammation and pain behavior signs was correlated with the changes in firing frequency of spontaneous and movement-evoked nerve impulse activity recorded in single knee joint nociceptor saphenous nerve fibers...
January 9, 2018: Pain
Quan-Bo Zhang, Yu-Feng Qing, Yong-Long He, Wen-Guang Xie, Jing-Guo Zhou
The NLRP3-interleukin1β (IL1β) signaling pathway is involved in monosodium urate (MSU)-mediated inflammation. The aim of this present study was to determine whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the NLRP3 gene are associated with susceptibility to gouty arthritis (GA) and whether these SNPs alter the expression of components of the NLRP3-IL1β signaling pathway. The rs10754558, rs4612666, and rs1539019 SNPs were detected in 583 patients with GA and 459 healthy subjects. NLRP3 and IL1β mRNA levels in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and serum IL1β levels were measured in different genotype carriers, and correlations between the NLRP3 SNPs and NLRP3 mRNA, IL1β mRNA, and serum IL1β levels were investigated...
January 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
Kang-Hyuck Heo, Xiao Sun, Do-Wan Shim, Myong-Ki Kim, Sushruta Koppula, Sang-Hyeun Yu, Han-Bi Kim, Tack-Joong Kim, Tae-Bong Kang, Kwang-Ho Lee
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Actinidia arguta (A. arguta) has been widely used in Asian countries as a traditional medicinal herb to treat inflammation-related diseases, such as gastritis, bronchitis, and arthritis. AIM OF THE STUDY: The inhibitory effect of A. arguta leaves' extract (AA) on inflammasome activation was investigated to verify its traditional use in treating inflammation-related diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) primed by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) were activated by selective inflammasome stimulators, and the effect of AA on inflammasome activation was investigated...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Jae Hyun Lee, Ji Ae Yang, Kichul Shin, Ga Hye Lee, Won Woo Lee, Eun Young Lee, Yeong Wook Song, Eun Bong Lee, Jin Kyun Park
Gout attacks are often accompanied by systemic inflammatory response. The aim of the retrospective study was to compare gout patients in different age groups in terms of their clinical features at gout attacks. Patients, who were treated for gout attack in two tertiary medical centers between January 2000 and April 2014, were divided into young (≤ 50 years), middle-aged, and elderly (> 65 years) groups. Patients in three age groups were compared in terms of presence of fever (> 37.8°C), C-reactive protein (CRP) levels, and erythrocyte sedimentation ratio (ESR) at the gout attacks...
December 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Shu-Min Liu, Ning Zhang, Dong-Hua Yu, Yu Wang, Qi Zhou, Fang Lu
To explore the prevention and protection effect of Diosocorea nipponica (DNM)) on acute gouty arthritis (AGA) rats based on liver metabonomics, and find potential biomarkers and related pathways. AGA model rats were induced by monosodium urate crystal suspension. UPLC-TOF-MS coupled with pattern recognition technique was employed to find out the potential biomarkers and related metabolic pathways. Eleven common potential biomarkers were identified. Among the potential intervention targets in normal rats given by DNM, 4 biomarkers were up-regulated, and the other 4 targets were down regulated...
May 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Laurent L Reber, Philipp Starkl, Bianca Balbino, Riccardo Sibilano, Nicolas Gaudenzio, Stephan Rogalla, Steven Sensarn, Dongmin Kang, Harini Raghu, Jeremy Sokolove, William H Robinson, Christopher H Contag, Mindy Tsai, Stephen J Galli
Gouty arthritis is caused by the deposition of monosodium urate (MSU) crystals in joints. Despite many treatment options for gout, there is a substantial need for alternative treatments for patients unresponsive to current therapies. Tyrosine kinase inhibitors have demonstrated therapeutic benefit in experimental models of antibody-dependent arthritis and in rheumatoid arthritis in humans, but to date, the potential effects of such inhibitors on gouty arthritis has not been evaluated. Here we demonstrate that treatment with the tyrosine kinase inhibitor imatinib mesylate (imatinib) can suppress inflammation induced by injection of MSU crystals into subcutaneous air pouches or into the ankle joint of wild type mice...
2017: PloS One
Ju-Suk Nam, Supriya Jagga, Ashish Ranjan Sharma, Joon-Hee Lee, Jong Bong Park, Jun-Sub Jung, Sang-Soo Lee
Korean oriental medicine prescription is widely used for the treatment of gouty diseases. In the present study, we investigated anti-inflammatory effects of modified Korean herbal formulation, mixed extract of medicinal herbs (MEMH), and its modulatory effects on inflammatory mediators associated with gouty arthritis. Both in vitro and in vivo studies were carried out to assess the anti-inflammatory efficacy of MEMH on monosodium urate (MSU) crystals-induced gouty inflammation. MSU crystals stimulated human chondrosarcoma cell line, SW1353, and human primary chondrocytes were treated with MEMH in vitro...
August 2017: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
Lanzhou Li, Meiyu Teng, Yange Liu, Yidi Qu, Yuanzhu Zhang, Feng Lin, Di Wang
This study was performed to investigate the therapeutic effects and possible mechanisms of sunflower (Helianthus annuus) head extract (SHE) on gout. First, the components of sunflower head powder and SHE were analyzed systematically. SHE, especially SHEB (extracted with 20% ethanol and 80% double-distilled water), strongly suppressed the swelling of the ankles in rats with acute gout induced by monosodium urate (MSU) crystals and reduced the levels of uric acid and xanthine oxidase (XO) in mice with hyperuricemia induced by oteracil potassium and yeast extract powder...
2017: BioMed Research International
Weidong Zhou, Ying Wang, Rongfeng Wu, Yan He, Qun Su, Guixiu Shi
BACKGROUND: Gout is considered one of the most painful acute conditions caused by deposition of monosodium urate (MSU) crystals within joints. Recent studies have shown that interleukin (IL)-1β is a key inflammatory mediator in acute gouty arthritis (GA), and its level is regulated by microRNAs (miRNAs). However, the molecular mechanisms of the regulation remain unclear. METHODS: A miRNA microarray was used to analyze the miRNA expression profiles in peripheral white blood cells (WBCs) of patients with GA...
September 15, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
Kohei Yokose, Shuzo Sato, Tomoyuki Asano, Makiko Yashiro, Hiroko Kobayashi, Hiroshi Watanabe, Eiji Suzuki, Chikako Sato, Hideko Kozuru, Hiroshi Yatsuhashi, Kiyoshi Migita
OBJECTIVE: Monosodium urate (MSU) has been shown to promote interleukin-1β (IL-1β) secretion in human monocytes, but the priming signals for NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome pathway remains elusive. In this study, we investigated the role of Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) on MSU-mediated IL-1β induction in human neutrophils. METHODS: Human neutrophils were stimulated with MSU, in the presence or absence of TNF-α priming...
September 7, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
Yun Mi Lee, Eun-Jung Shon, Ohn Soon Kim, Dong-Seon Kim
BACKGROUND: Gout is an inflammatory condition induced by the deposition of monosodium urate (MSU) crystals in joints and soft tissues, and it can lead to acute or chronic arthritis. MSU are pro-inflammatory stimuli that can initiate, amplify and sustain an intense inflammatory response. In this study, we evaluated the anti-inflammatory effect of an extract of Mollugo pentaphylla (MPE) on MSU-induced gouty arthritis in a mouse model. METHOD: An MSU crystal suspension (4 mg/50 μL) was injected intradermally into the right paw...
September 6, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
B Ankli, D Kyburz, A Hirschmann, T Hügle, T Manigold, C T Berger, T Daikeler
OBJECTIVE: To characterize patients with both monosodium urate (MSU) and calcium pyrophosphate (CPP) crystals in their synovial fluid (SF). METHOD: Forty-nine gout patients with acute arthritis were included. Those patients with MSU crystals only in their SF were compared to those patients with both MSU and CPP crystals in their SF. RESULTS: A total of 36 out of 49 patients (73.5%) had only MSU crystals, whereas 13 out of 49 (26.5%) had both MSU and CPP crystals in their SF...
August 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
Jin-Hui Tao, Miao Cheng, Jiang-Ping Tang, Xiao-Juan Dai, Yong Zhang, Xiang-Pei Li, Qin Liu, Ya-Ling Wang
BACKGROUND: Gout is an inflammatory disease that is caused by the increased production of Interleukin-1β (IL-1β) stimulated by monosodium urate (MSU) crystals. However, some hyperuricemia patients, even gouty patients with tophi in the joints, never experience gout attack, which indicates that pathogenic pathways other than MSU participate in the secretion of IL-1β in the pathogenesis of acute gouty arthritis. The ATP-P2X7R-IL-1β axis may be one of these pathways. OBJECTIVE: This study examines the role of Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) in the pathogenesis of gout and the association of ATP receptor (P2X7R) function with single nucleotide polymorphisms and gout arthritis...
2017: PloS One
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"