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Multiwall carbon nanotubes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338473/impact-absorption-properties-of-carbon-fiber-reinforced-bucky-sponges
#1
Ramathasan Thevamaran, Deepika Saini, Mehmet Karakaya, Jingyi Zhu, Ramakrishna Podila, Apparao Rao, Chiara Daraio
We describe the super compressible and highly recoverable response of bucky sponges as they are struck by a heavy flat-punch striker. The bucky sponges studied here are structurally stable, self-assembled mixtures of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and carbon fibers (CFs). We engineered the microstructure of the sponges by controlling their porosity using different CF contents. Their mechanical properties and energy dissipation characteristics during impact loading are presented as a function of their composition...
March 24, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338429/study-on-the-release-of-carbon-nanoparticles-of-different-size-and-shape-from-nanocomposite-poly-lactic-acid-film-into-food-simulants
#2
Hristiana Velichkova, Stanislav Kotsilkov, Evgeni Ivanov, Rumiana Kotsilkova, Stanislav Gyoshev, Nikolay Stoimenov, Nikolay K Vitanov
Poly(lactic) acid (PLA) film with 2 wt % mixed carbon nanofillers of graphene nanoplates (GNPs) and multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) in weight ratio 1:1 with impurities of fullerene and carbon black (CB) was produced by layer to layer deposition and hot pressing. The release of carbon nanoparticles from the film was studied at varying time-temperature conditions and simulants. Migrants in simulant solvents were examined with laser diffraction analysis and transmission electron microscopy. The film integrity and the presence of migrants on the film surfaces were visualized by scanning electron microscopy...
March 24, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337626/application-of-a-novel-magnetic-carbon-nanotube-adsorbent-for-removal-of-mercury-from-aqueous-solutions
#3
Farshid Homayoon, Hossein Faghihian, Firoozeh Torki
In this research, multiwall carbon nanotube was magnetized and subsequently functionalized by thiosemicarbazide. After characterization by FTIR, BET, SEM, EDAX, and VSM techniques, the magnetized adsorbent (multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs)/Fe3O4) was used for removal of Hg(2+) from aqueous solutions and the experimental conditions were optimized. The adsorption capacity of 172.83 mg g(-1) was obtained at 25 °C and pH = 3 which was superior to the value obtained for initial multiwall carbon nanotube, magnetized sample, and many previously reported values...
March 23, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336884/influence-of-plasma-jet-temperature-profiles-in-arc-discharge-methods-of-carbon-nanotubes-synthesis
#4
Grzegorz Raniszewski, Slawomir Wiak, Lukasz Pietrzak, Lukasz Szymanski, Zbigniew Kolacinski
One of the most common methods of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) synthesis is application of an electric-arc plasma. However, the final product in the form of cathode deposit is composed of carbon nanotubes and a variety of carbon impurities. An assay of carbon nanotubes produced in arc discharge systems available on the market shows that commercial cathode deposits contain about 10% CNTs. Given that the quality of the final product depends on carbon-plasma jet parameters, it is possible to increase the yield of the synthesis by plasma jet control...
February 23, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336879/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-evaluation-of-a-three-dimensional-porous-multi-walled-carbon-nanotube-scaffold-for-bone-regeneration
#5
Manabu Tanaka, Yoshinori Sato, Mei Zhang, Hisao Haniu, Masanori Okamoto, Kaoru Aoki, Takashi Takizawa, Kazushige Yoshida, Atsushi Sobajima, Takayuki Kamanaka, Hiroyuki Kato, Naoto Saito
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have attracted a great deal of attention for the biological and medical science fields because of their characteristic physical and biological properties. In this study, we investigated the capacity of the 3D porous CNT scaffold (CNT porous block; CNTp) for bone regenerative medicine. Surface observations using a scanning electron microscope (SEM), crystal depositions on the surface of CNTps immersed in simulated body fluid (SBF), and evaluations of protein adsorption and controlled releasing were conducted to assess physical properties...
February 17, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336856/a-novel-heterostructure-of-bioi-nanosheets-anchored-onto-mwcnts-with-excellent-visible-light-photocatalytic-activity
#6
Shijie Li, Shiwei Hu, Kaibing Xu, Wei Jiang, Jianshe Liu, Zhaohui Wang
Developing efficient visible-light-driven (VLD) photocatalysts for environmental decontamination has drawn significant attention in recent years. Herein, we have reported a novel heterostructure of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) coated with BiOI nanosheets as an efficient VLD photocatalyst, which was prepared via a simple solvothermal method. The morphology and structure were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), UV-Vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS), and specific surface area measurements...
January 23, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335971/ultrasensitive-immunosensor-for-prostate-specific-antigen-using-biomimetic-polydopamine-nanospheres-as-an-electrochemiluminescence-superquencher-and-antibody-carriers
#7
Yuanyuan Liu, Yanhua Zhao, Zongwei Zhu, Zhenyuan Xing, Hongmin Ma, Qin Wei
In this work, biomimetic polydopamine nanospheres (PDANSs) were easily prepared and were firstly exploited as an electrochemiluminescence (ECL) nanoquencher for the development of a sandwich type immunosensor. The PDANSs with abundant active functional groups can facilely label the detection antibody and show remarkable quenching effect towards the ECL of the tris-(2,2'-bipyridine)ruthenium (Ru(bpy)3(2+)). The amino-modified multiwall carbon nanotubes/Nafion (MWCNTs-NH2@N) composite-film was adopted as a matrix to incorporate the luminophor Ru(bpy)3(2+) and immobilize the capture antibody...
April 22, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335309/separation-of-bacteria-protozoa-and-carbon-nanotubes-by-density-gradient-centrifugation
#8
Monika Mortimer, Elijah J Petersen, Bruce A Buchholz, Patricia A Holden
Sustainable production and use of carbon nanotube (CNT)-enabled materials require efficient assessment of CNT environmental hazards, including the potential for CNT bioaccumulation and biomagnification in environmental receptors. Microbes, as abundant organisms responsible for nutrient cycling in soil and water, are important ecological receptors for studying the effects of CNTs. Quantification of CNT association with microbial cells requires efficient separation of CNT-associated cells from individually dispersed CNTs and CNT agglomerates...
October 12, 2016: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335207/synergistic-effect-of-functionalized-nanokaolin-decorated-mwcnts-on-the-performance-of-cellulose-acetate-ca-membranes-spectacular
#9
Amina Afzal, Muhammad Shahid Rafique, Nadeem Iqbal, Asif Ali Qaiser, Abdul Waheed Anwar, Sadia Sagar Iqbal
In order to enhance salt rejection level and high pressure mechanical integrity, functionalized nanokaolin decorated multiwall carbon nanotubes (FNKM, 0-5 wt % loading) were incorporated into a cellulose acetate (CA) matrix using high temperature solution mixing methodology. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction technique (XRD), thermo-gravimetric analyzer (TGA) and Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FTIR) were used to characterize the prepared membranes. The obtained results revealed that with increasing FNKM concentration in the host polymeric matrix, composite membrane's structural, functional, thermal, water permeation/flux and salt rejection characteristics were also modified accordingly...
April 21, 2016: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326239/nanostructured-carbon-materials-decorated-with-organophosphorus-moieties-synthesis-and-application
#10
Giacomo Biagiotti, Vittoria Langè, Cristina Ligi, Stefano Caporali, Maurizio Muniz-Miranda, Anna Flis, K Michał Pietrusiewicz, Giacomo Ghini, Alberto Brandi, Stefano Cicchi
A new synthetic approach for the production of carbon nanomaterials (CNM) decorated with organophosphorus moieties is presented. Three different triphenylphosphine oxide (TPPO) derivatives were used to decorate oxidized multiwalled carbon nanotubes (ox-MWCNTs) and graphene platelets (GPs). The TPPOs chosen bear functional groups able to react with the CNMs by Tour reaction (an amino group), nitrene cycloaddition (an azido group) or CuAAC reaction (one terminal C-C triple bond). All the adducts were characterized by FTIR, Raman spectroscopy, TEM, XPS, elemental analysis and ICP-AES...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324720/highly-sensitive-electrochemical-detection-of-palmatine-using-a-biocompatible-multiwalled-carbon-nanotube-poly-l-lysine-composite
#11
Balamurugan Thirumalraj, Subbiramaniyan Kubendhiran, Shen-Ming Chen, Kuan-Yu Lin
To date, the natural alkaloids are mostly used in the field of pharmacological applications and the active substance of palmatine was extensively used in cancer therapy and other biomedical applications. Hence, in this study we report a simple preparation of poly-l-lysine (PLL) electro-polymerized on the surface of functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotubes (f-MWCNT) for electrochemical detection of palmatine content in human serum and urine samples. The active amino group of PLL plays a vital role towards the oxidation palmatine and exhibits superior electrocatalytic activity...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303794/effect-of-cobalt-alloying-on-the-electrochemical-performance-of-manganese-oxide-nanoparticles-nucleated-on-multiwalled-carbon-nanotubes
#12
Sajad Yazdani, Raana Kashfi-Sadabad, Alessandro Palmieri, William E Mustain, Michael Thompson Pettes
MnO is an electrically insulating material which limits its usefulness in lithium ion batteries. We demonstrate that the electrochemical performance of MnO can be greatly improved by using oxygen-functional groups created on the outer walls of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) as nucleation sites for metal oxide nanoparticles. Based on the mass of the active material used in the preparation of electrodes, the composite conversion-reaction anode material Mn1-x Co x O/MWCNT with x = 0.2 exhibited the highest reversible specific capacity, 790 and 553 mAhg(-1) at current densities of 40 and 1600 mAg(-1), respectively...
April 18, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302968/electrodes-modified-with-composite-layers-based-on-poly-3-4-ethylenedioxythiophene-as-sensors-for-paracetamol
#13
Karolina Sipa, Ewelina Socha, Slawomira Skrzypek, Pawel Krzyczmonik
Two sensors for paracetamol were obtained on the basis of a GC electrode modified with poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT). The first sensor was a GC electrode modified with a conductive composite layer of PEDOT doped with poly(4-lithium styrenesulfonic acid) (PSSLi), and the second one was a GC electrode modified by a composite of PEDOT doped with PSSLi and multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNT). A conductive PEDOT polymer film was used as an electron mediator with a rich electron cloud. Both sensors were developed for the determination of paracetamol (ACOP) in the presence of interference compounds...
2017: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295953/three-dimensional-carbon-nanotube-scaffolds-for-long-term-maintenance-and-expansion-of-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#14
Gaurav Lalwani, Michael D'Agati, Anu Gopalan, Sunny C Patel, Yahfi Talukdar, Balaji Sitharaman
Expansion of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and maintenance of their self-renewal capacity in vitro requires specialized robust cell culture systems. Conventional approaches using animal derived or artificial matrices and a cocktail of growth factors have limitations such as consistency, scalability, pathogenicity and loss of MSC phenotype. Herein, we report the use of all-carbon 3D single- and multiwalled carbon nanotube scaffolds (SWCNTs and MWCNTs) as artificial matrices for long-term maintenance and expansion of human MSCs...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294638/potential-targetability-of-multi-walled-carbon-nanotube-loaded-with-silver-nanoparticles-photosynthesized-from-ocimum-tenuiflorum-tulsi-extract-in-fertility-diagnosis
#15
Pradeep K Jha, Rakhi K Jha, Dilip Rout, Sathishkumar Gnanasekar, Suresh Vs Rana, Maidul Hossain
Nanocarrier mediated targeted delivery and biosensing in reproductive health care is a major exploratory domain. This work demonstrates the loading of silver nanoparticle (AgNP) inside the multiwalled Carbon nanotube(MWCNT) and their targetability to the intracellular part of the sperm cell for its further application in biosensing based infertility diagnosis. Ocimum tenuiflorum (tulsi extract) mediated photosynthesized AgNP exhibited spherical shape, 5-40nm size and surface plasmonic resonance at 430 nm...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Drug Targeting
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291021/laser-patterning-of-highly-conductive-flexible-circuits
#16
Seok Young Ji, Muhammed Ajmal Chathanchira, Taehun Kim, Won Seok Chang, Seunghyun Baik
There has been considerable attention in highly conductive flexible adhesive (CFA) materials as electrodes and interconnectors for future flexible electronic devices. However, the patterning technology still needs to be developed to construct micro-scale electrodes and circuits. Here we developed the selective laser sintering technology where the pattering and curing were accomplished simultaneously without making additional masks. The CFA was composed of micro-scale Ag flakes, multiwalled carbon nanotubes decorated with Ag nanoparticles, and nitrile-butadiene-rubber matrix...
March 14, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288373/facile-and-one-pot-synthesis-of-uniform-ptru-nanoparticles-on-polydopamine-modified-multiwalled-carbon-nanotubes-for-direct-methanol-fuel-cell-application
#17
Fengxia Chen, Junkai Ren, Qian He, Jun Liu, Rui Song
A facile, environment-friendly and one-pot synthesis method for the preparation of high performance PtRu electrocatalysts on the multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) is reported. Herein, bimetallic PtRu electrocatalysts are deposited onto polydopamine (Pdop) - functionalized MWCNTs by mildly stirring at room temperature. Without the use of expensive chemicals or corrosive acids, this noncovalent functionalization of MWCNTs by Pdop is simple, facile and eco-friendly, and thus preserving the integrity and electronic structure of MWCNTs...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285150/evaluation-of-multiwalled-carbon-nanotube-cytotoxicity-in-cultures-of-human-brain-microvascular-endothelial-cells-grown-on-plastic-or-basement-membrane
#18
Brittany N Eldridge, Fei Xing, Cale D Fahrenholtz, Ravi N Singh
There is a growing interest in the use of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) to treat diseases of the brain. Little is known about the effects of MWCNTs on human brain microvascular endothelial cells (HBMECs), which make up the blood vessels in the brain. In our studies, we evaluate the cytotoxicity of MWCNTs and acid oxidized MWNCTs, with or without a phospholipid-polyethylene glycol coating. We determined the cytotoxic effects of MWCNTs on both tissue-mimicking cultures of HBMECs grown on basement membrane and on monolayer cultures of HBMECs grown on plastic...
March 8, 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285087/resistance-bioaccumulation-and-solid-phase-extraction-of-uranium-vi-by-bacillus-vallismortis-and-its-uv-vis-spectrophotometric-determination
#19
Sadin Ozdemir, M Kadir Oduncu, Ersin Kilinc, Mustafa Soylak
Bioaccumulation, resistance and preconcentration of uranium(VI) by thermotolerant Bacillus vallismortis were investigated in details. The minimum inhibition concentration of (MIC) value of U(VI) was found as 85 mg/L and 15 mg/L in liquid and solid medium, respectively. Furthermore, the effect of various U(VI) concentrations on the growth of bacteria and bioaccumulation on B. vallismortis was examined in the liquid culture media. The growth was not significantly affected in the presence of 1.0, 2.5 and 5...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284932/chitosan-extraction-from-lobster-shells-and-its-grafted-with-functionalized-mwcnt-for-simultaneous-removal-of-pb-2-ions-and-eriochrome-cyanine-r-dye-after-their-complexation
#20
Shadi Kheirandish, Mehrorang Ghaedi, Kheibar Dashtian, Fatemeh Hidari, Faezeh Pourebrahim, Shaobin Wang
Chitosan (CS) extracted from lobster shells (Persian Gulf, Iran), was grafted with amino functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT). This novel material was characterized by FE-SEM and FT-IR and used for the ultrasound-assisted removal of Pb(2+) ions and eriochrome cyanine R (ECR) dye. A central composite design (SCCD) under response surface methodology was used for studying the influences of important variables in removal process such as initial ECR and Pb(2+) ions concentrations, adsorbent mass and sonication time on the removal efficiency...
March 8, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
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