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Multiwall carbon nanotubes

Aishwarya V Menon, Giridhar Madras, Suryasarathi Bose
The effect of phase specific localisation of MWNTs (multiwalled carbon nanotubes) and magnetic FeNi (iron-nickel) alloy particles on bulk electrical conductivity and electromagnetic (EM) wave attenuation was investigated in biphasic co-continuous blends of PVDF/SMA (polyvinylidene fluoride/styrene maleic anhydride). It is envisaged that packing different functional nanoparticles in a given phase of a co-continuous blend can impede the charge transport phenomenon and the overall dispersion state. Therefore, phase specific localisation can facilitate the tuning of the functional properties in biphasic blends...
December 1, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Shital Patangrao Pawar, Sachin Kumar, Shubham Jain, Mounika Gandi, Kaushik Chatterjee, Suryasarathi Bose
The need of today's highly integrated electronic devices, especially working in the GHz frequencies, is to protect them from unwanted interference from neighbouring devices. Hence, lightweight, flexible, easy to process microwave absorbers were designed here by dispersing conductive multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) and silver nanoparticles decorated onto two-dimensional graphene sheets (rGO@Ag) in poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL). In this study, we have shown how dielectric losses can be tuned in the nanocomposites by rGO@Ag nano-hybrid; an essential criterion for energy dissipation within a material resulting in effective shielding of the incoming electromagnetic (EM) radiation...
December 1, 2016: Nanotechnology
Hasan Bagheri, Ali Hajian, Mosayeb Rezaei, Ali Shirzadmehr
In the present research, we aimed to fabricate a novel electrochemical sensor based on Cu metal nanoparticles on the multiwall carbon nanotubes-reduced graphene oxide nanosheets (Cu/MWCNT/RGO) for individual and simultaneous determination of nitrite and nitrate ions. The morphology of the prepared nanocomposite on the surface of glassy carbon electrode (GCE) was characterized using various methods including scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Wenhui Zong, Jian Chen, Wenyan Han, Jie Chen, Yue Wang, Weichao Wang, Guanghui Cheng, Lailiang Ou, Yaoting Yu
Chitosan-carbon nanotube composite beads combines the advantages of chitosan in forming a stable biocompatible framework and carbon nanotube that provide nanometer effects (high strength and high specific surface area etc.). In this study, chitosan/amino multiwalled carbon nanotubes (CS/AMWCNT) composite beads was prepared by phase-inversion method, in which CS and AMWCNT was crosslinked by ethylene glycol diglycidyl ether (EGDE). The CS/AMWCNT nanocomposite beads produced has been characterized by BET, SEM, TGA, and Raman spectroscopy which exhibited enhanced thermal stability due to the incorporation of AMWCNT...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
Chao Zhang, Yu-Cheng Wang, Bing An, Ruiyun Huang, Cheng Wang, Zhiyou Zhou, Wenbin Lin
A high-performance nonprecious-metal oxygen-reduction electrocatalyst is prepared via in situ growth of bimetallic zeolitic imidazolate frameworks on multiwalled carbon nanotubes (CNT) followed by adsorption of furfuryl alcohol and pyrolysis. The networking boosts the conductivity and performance in a polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell, yielding a maximal power density of 820 mW cm(-2) .
November 22, 2016: Advanced Materials
Lulu Li, Mian Wu, Yingying Feng, Faqiong Zhao, Baizhao Zeng
In this work, ionic liquid (IL, i.e. 1-hydroxyethyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate), carboxyl multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) were used to prepare three-dimensional porous material (MWCNTs-rGO-IL) by one-step self-assembly, then it was co-electrodeposited with polyaniline (PANI) on stainless steel wires by cyclic voltammetry. The resulting coating (PANI-MWCNTs-rGO-IL) was characterized by using FT-IR and scanning electron microscopy etc, and it showed porous structure and had high thermal stability...
December 15, 2016: Analytica Chimica Acta
Kusum Dagar, C S Pundir
An improved amperometric l-lactate biosensor was constructed based on covalent immobilization of lactate oxidase (LOx) from Pediococcus species onto carboxylated multiwalled carbon nanotubes (cMWCNT)/copper nanoparticles (CuNPs)/polyaniline (PANI) hybrid film electrodeposited on the surface of a pencil graphite electrode (PGE). The enzyme electrode was characterized by cyclic voltammetry (CV), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), while CuNPs synthesized by chemical reduction method, were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), UV spectrascopy and X-ray diffraction (XRD)...
January 2017: Enzyme and Microbial Technology
You Jun Fan, Xian Song Meng, Hua Yang Li, Shuang Yang Kuang, Lei Zhang, Ying Wu, Zhong Lin Wang, Guang Zhu
A stretchable porous nanocomposite (PNC) is reported based on a hybrid of a multiwalled carbon nanotubes network and a polydimethylsiloxane matrix for harvesting energy from mechanical interactions. The deformation-enabled energy-generating process makes the PNC applicable to various mechanical interactions, including pressing, stretching, bending, and twisting. It can be potentially used as an energy solution for wearable electronics.
November 21, 2016: Advanced Materials
Sadin Özdemir, M Kadir Oduncu, Ersin Kilinc, Mustafa Soylak
In this study, uranium(VI) tolerance and bioaccumulation were investigated by using thermo -tolerant Bacillus mojavensis. The level of U(VI) was measured by UV-VIS spectrophotometry. The minimum inhibition concentration (MIC) value of U(VI) was experimented. Bacterial growth was not affected in the presence of 1.0 and 2.5 mg/L U(VI) at 36 h and the growth was partially affected in the presence of 5 mg/L U(VI) at 24 h. What was obtained from this study is that there was diversity in the various periods of the growth phases of metal bioaccumulation capacity, which was shown by B...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
Xiaojie Song, Xianyang Shi
Biogenetic nanomaterials research provides insights and valuable implications for the green synthesis of nanomaterials and auxiliary biodegradation behaviors. Ag nanoparticles (Ag NPs) fabricated on multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) (Ag/MWNTs nanocomposites) are prepared in situ assisted by Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 (S. oneidensis MR-1) that provide respiratory pathway to transmit electrons. The Ag/MWNTs nanocomposites are characterized by a scanning electron microscopy (SEM), an energy dispersive X-ray (EDX), a transmission electron microscopy (TEM), an X-ray diffraction (XRD), and an X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), respectively...
November 16, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Haiyun Zhang, Ye Liu, Xiaofang Shen, Meng Zhang, Yu Yang, Shu Tao, Xilong Wang
Influence of multiwalled carbon nanotubes with outer diameters > 50 nm (MW) and a surfactant sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate (SDBS) on bioaccumulation and translocation of pyrene and 1-methylpyrene (1-CH3-pyrene) in maize seedlings in single-(F1) and bi-(F2) compound systems was investigated. Pyrene concentration in shoots was detected in all treatments in F1 and F2, ranging in 10.43-60.28 ng/g and 21.46-40.21 ng/g, respectively, and its translocation factors (TFs) ranged in 0.12-0.19 and 0.07-0.16...
November 8, 2016: Environmental Pollution
Jing Fang, Minhao Wang, Bing Shen, Luqing Zhang, Daohui Lin
To date mechanisms underlying co-transports of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) with contaminants have not been adequately explored, which involve complex interactions among ENMs, contaminants, and soils. This study investigated co-transport behaviors of 3 oxidized-multiwalled carbon nanotubes (o-MWCNTs) with phenanthrene (PHE) and oxytetracycline (OTC) in soil and sediment columns. Sorptions and desorptions of PHE and OTC by the o-MWCNTs were examined to facilitate the discussion of co-transport mechanisms...
November 3, 2016: Water Research
Waluree Thongkam, Kirsten Gerloff, Damien van Berlo, Catrin Albrecht, Roel P F Schins
Due to the steeply increased use of nanomaterials (NMs) for commercial and industrial applications, toxicological assessment of their potential harmful effects is urgently needed. In this study, we compared the DNA-damaging properties and concurrent cytotoxicity of a panel of 10 engineered NMs in three different cell lines in relation to their intrinsic oxidant generating properties. The human epithelial cell lines A549, HK-2 and HepG2 were chosen to represent relevant target organs for NMs in the lung, kidney and liver...
November 10, 2016: Mutagenesis
K Ramachandran, T Raj Kumar, K Justice Babu, G Gnana Kumar
The facile, time and cost efficient and environmental benign approach has been developed for the preparation of Nickel (Ni)-Cobalt (Co) alloy nanowires filled multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) with the aid of mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSN)/Ni-Co catalyst. The controlled incorporation of Ni-Co nanostructures in the three dimensional (3D) pore structures of MSN yielded the catalytically active system for the MWCNT growth. The inner surface of MWCNTs was quasi-continuously filled with face-centered cubic (fcc) structured Ni-Co nanowires...
November 11, 2016: Scientific Reports
Sharali Malik, Yoshihiro Nemoto, Hongxuan Guo, Katsuhiko Ariga, Jonathan P Hill
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have atomically smooth surfaces and tend not to form covalent bonds with composite matrix materials. Thus, it is the magnitude of the CNT/fiber interfacial strength that limits the amount of nanomechanical interlocking when using conventional CNTs to improve the structural behavior of composite materials through reinforcement. This arises from two well-known, long standing problems in this research field: (a) inhomogeneous dispersion of the filler, which can lead to aggregation and (b) insufficient reinforcement arising from bonding interactions between the filler and the matrix...
2016: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
Cécile Caoduro, Eric Hervouet, Corine Girard-Thernier, Tijani Gharbi, Hatem Boulahdour, Régis Delage-Mourroux, Marc Pudlo
: Carbon nanotubes represent promising transporters for delivery of DNA and other biomolecules into living cells. Various methods of CNTs surface functionalization have been developed. These are essential to improve CNTs dispersibility and permit their interactions with biological structures that broaden their use in advanced biomedical applications. The present review discusses the different single walled carbon nanotubes and multiwalled carbon nanotubes functionalization methods, leading to the formation of optimized and functionalized-CNT complexes with DNA...
November 5, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
Mona A Mohamed, Ali M Yehia, Craig E Banks, Nageh K Allam
A novel and highly sensitive biosensor employing graphene oxide nano-sheets (GO), multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs), and pyrogallol (PG) was fabricated and utilized for the sensitive determination of omeprazole (OME). The morphological and structural features of the composite material were characterized using different techniques. The modified electrode showed a remarkable improvement in the anodic oxidation activity of OME due to the enhancement in the current response compared to the bare carbon paste electrode (CPE)...
October 11, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Kyriaki Tsirka, Georgios Foteinidis, Konstantinos Dimos, Lazaros Tzounis, Dimitrios Gournis, Alkiviadis S Paipetis
We report the production of hierarchical all graphitic structures through a systematic study involving the use of wet chemical treatments for dip coating of carbon fibers (CFs) for surface grafting with multiwalled carbon nanotubes (CNTs). Realization of a thin homogeneous veil of CNTs onto the CF surface was achieved through an extensive parametric survey. Optimization of aqueous dispersions of CNTs eliminated the need for oxidation of the CF surface. The effects of chemical processes onto the surface and structural characteristics of the involved graphitic species were evaluated via thermogravimetric analysis, and X-ray photoelectron, infrared and Raman spectroscopies...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Han Shao, Peipei Zhao, Lin Su, Lingling Tian, Yongnu Zhang, Yuqiao Sun, Song Yue, Wei Xue, Seeram Ramakrishna, Liumin He
AIM: To investigate the influence of ion pairing of carboxylated multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT-COOH) and polycations on the layer-by-layer assembly of nanocomposites and their biocompatibility for biomedical applications. MATERIALS & METHODS: Strong polycation poly(dimethyldiallylammonium chloride), and weak polycations chitosan and polyethyleneimine were selected to assembly with MWCNT-COOH. The MWCNT-COOH/polycation nanocomposites were analyzed by their physicochemical, electrical properties and biocompatibility...
November 4, 2016: Nanomedicine
Chandra Sekhar Bongu, Jeevani Ragupathi, Kalaiselvi Nallathamby
MnFeO3, investigated for its application in sensors, catalysis, and semiconductors, was explored for the first time as anode for lithium ion batteries in the form of MnFeO3/multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) composite. A scalable and highly reproducible sonochemical process was adopted to form the composite, wherein the interweaved MWCNT ensures better electronic conductivity and pinning of pristine MnFeO3 particles with a conductive coating. MnFeO3/MWCNT composite anode exhibits superior electrochemical properties than pristine MnFeO3 anode in such a manner that a steady-state reversible capacity of 840 mAh g(-1) was obtained at 0...
November 3, 2016: Inorganic Chemistry
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