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Multiwall carbon nanotubes

L Reinert, F Lasserre, C Gachot, P Grützmacher, T MacLucas, N Souza, F Mücklich, S Suarez
The use of lubricants (solid or liquid) is a well-known and suitable approach to reduce friction and wear of moving machine components. Another possibility to influence the tribological behaviour is the formation of well-defined surface topographies such as dimples, bumps or lattice-like pattern geometries by laser surface texturing. However, both methods are limited in their effect: surface textures may be gradually destroyed by plastic deformation and lubricants may be removed from the contact area, therefore no longer properly protecting the contacting surfaces...
February 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
Qian Chen, Yao Lin, Yunfei Tian, Li Wu, Lu Yang, Xiandeng Hou, Chengbin Zheng
Sensitive quantification of mercury distribution in fish is challenging because of insufficient sensitivities of conventional analytical methods, the limited mass of organs (tens of micrograms to several milligrams), and dilution of analyte concentration from sample digestion. In this work, a simple and robust approach coupling multiwall carbon nanotubes assisted matrix solid-phase dispersion (MWCNTs-MSPD) to single-drop solution electrode glow discharge-induced cold vapor generation (SD-SEGD-CVG) was developed for the sensitive determination of mercury in limited amount of sample...
February 7, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
Pietro Salvo, Nicola Calisi, Bernardo Melai, Valentina Dini, Clara Paoletti, Tommaso Lomonaco, Andrea Pucci, Fabio Di Francesco, Alberto Piaggesi, Marco Romanelli
Foot ulcers account for 15% of comorbidities associated with diabetes. Presently, no device allows the status of foot ulcers to be continuously monitored when patients are not hospitalized. In this study, we describe a temperature and a pH sensor capable of monitoring diabetic foot and venous leg ulcers developed in the frame of the seventh framework program European Union project SWAN-iCare (smart wearable and autonomous negative pressure device for wound monitoring and therapy). Temperature is measured by exploiting the variations in the electrical resistance of a nanocomposite consisting of multiwalled carbon nanotubes and poly(styrene-b-(ethylene-co-butylene)-b-styrene)...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Juan Ma, Ruibin Li, Yin Liu, Guangbo Qu, Jing Liu, Wenli Guo, Haoyang Song, Xinghong Li, Yajun Liu, Tian Xia, Bing Yan, Sijin Liu
Although numerous toxicological studies have been performed on carbon nanotubes (CNTs), a few studies have investigated their secondary and indirect effects beyond the primary target tissues/organs. Here, a cascade of events are investigated: the initiating event and the subsequent key events necessary for the development of phenotypes, namely CNT-induced pro-inflammatory effects on iron homeostasis and red blood cell formation, which are linked to anemia of inflammation (AI). A panel of CNTs are prepared including pristine multiwall CNTs (P-MWCNTs), aminated MWCNTs (MWCNTs-NH2 ), polyethylene glycol MWCNTs (MWCNTs-PEG), polyethyleneimine MWCNTs (MWCNTs-PEI), and carboxylated MWCNTs (MWCNTs-COOH)...
February 13, 2017: Small
Ceren Kaçar, Pınar Esra Erden, Esma Kılıç
Highly sensitive L-lysine enzyme electrodes were constructed by using poly(vinylferrocene)-multiwalled carbon nanotubes-gelatine (PVF/MWCNTs-GEL) and poly(vinylferrocene)-multiwalled carbon nanotubes-gelatine-graphene (PVF/MWCNTs-GEL/GR) composites as sensing interfaces and their performances were evaluated. Lysine oxidase (LO) was immobilized onto the composite modified glassy carbon electrodes (GCE) by crosslinking using glutaraldehyde and bovine serum albumin. Effects of pH value, enzyme loading, applied potential, electrode composition, and interfering substances on the amperometric response of the enzyme electrodes were discussed...
February 10, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Yaqi Li, Li Sun, Jing Qian, Lingliang Long, Henan Li, Qian Liu, Jianrong Cai, Kun Wang
With the increasing concern of potential health and environmental risk, it is essential to develop reliable methods for transgenic soybean detection. Herein, a simple, sensitive and selective assay was constructed based on homogeneous fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) between CdTe quantum dots (QDs) and multiwalled carbon nanotubes@graphene oxide nanoribbons (MWCNTs@GONRs) to form the fluorescent "on-off-on" switching for simultaneous monitoring dual target DNAs of promoter cauliflower mosaic virus 35s (P35s) and terminator nopaline synthase (TNOS) from transgenic soybean...
January 28, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Mei-Syue Li, Reuben Wang, Dave Ta Fu Kuo, Yang-Hsin Shih
Accurate prediction of the sorption coefficients of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) on carbon nanotubes (CNTs) is of major importance for developing an effective VOC removal process and risk assessment of released nanomaterial-carrying contaminants. The linear free energy relationship (LFER) approach was applied to investigate the adsorption mechanisms of VOCs on multiwalled CNTs (MWCNTs). The gas-solid partition coefficients (log Kd) of 17 VOCs were determined at 0%, 55%, and 90% relative humidity (RH)...
February 6, 2017: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
Francesca Fontana, Federica Melone, Daniela Iannazzo, Salvatore Leonardi, Giovanni Neri
In this study, we report the preparation of a novel nanocomposite, 5-aza[5]helicene-CH2O-CO-MWCNTs, obtained grafting the 5-aza[5]helicene moiety on the surface of multiwalled carbon nanotubes. TGA, FTIR, UV and PL measurements provided evidences that the organic moiety is covalently grafted to the MWCNTs. The 5-aza[5]helicene-CH2O-CO-MWCNTs nanocomposite was utilized to fabricate modified commercial screen printed carbon electrodes (SPCEs). Its electrochemical behavior was studied in neutral buffer solution in the presence of ferricyanide and hydroquinone (HQ)...
February 6, 2017: Nanotechnology
Junwei Fu, Bicheng Zhu, Chuanjia Jiang, Bei Cheng, Wei You, Jiaguo Yu
Artificial photosynthesis of hydrocarbon fuels by utilizing solar energy and CO2 is considered as a potential route for solving ever-increasing energy crisis and greenhouse effect. Herein, hierarchical porous O-doped graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3 N4 ) nanotubes (OCN-Tube) are prepared via successive thermal oxidation exfoliation and curling-condensation of bulk g-C3 N4 . The as-prepared OCN-Tube exhibits hierarchically porous structures, which consist of interconnected multiwalled nanotubes with uniform diameters of 20-30 nm...
February 3, 2017: Small
Chun-Wei Hsu, Zhong-Yi Lin, Tzu-Yi Chan, Tai-Chia Chiu, Cho-Chun Hu
A novel method for the detection of dimethoate based on the peroxidase-like activity of silver-nanoparticles-modified oxidized multiwalled carbon nanotubes (AgNPs/oxMWCNTs) has been developed. The synthesized AgNPs/oxMWCNTs showed excellent peroxidease-like catalytic activity in hydrogen peroxide-Amplex red (AR) system (AR is oxidized to resorufinat, with the resorufin fluorescence at 584nm being used to monitor the catalytic activity). After dimethoate was added to AgNPs/oxMWCNTs, the interaction between dimethoate and the AgNPs inhibited the catalytic activity of AgNPs/oxMWCNTs...
June 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
Debanjan Polley, Animesh Patra, Anjan Barman, Rajib Kumar Mitra
We report the controllable conductivity of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) and multiwalled carbon nanotubes with their surface walls decorated by gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) with varying concentration in terahertz (THz) frequency range. Colloidal Au NPs of nominal diameter ∼15  nm are synthesized by the reduction of gold chloride solution using tri-sodium citrate. A simple chemical route is followed to attach Au NPs on the surfaces of both types of carbon nanotubes (CNTs). The attachment of Au NPs on the sidewalls of CNTs is confirmed by UV-visible spectroscopy and scanning electron microscope images...
February 1, 2017: Applied Optics
Xia Dong, Zhiting Sun, Xiaoxiao Wang, Dunwan Zhu, Lanxia Liu, Xigang Leng
Monitoring drug release and therapeutic efficacy is crucial for developing drug delivery systems. Our preliminary study demonstrated that, as compared with pristine multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs), transactivator of transcription (TAT)-chitosan functionalized MWCNTs (MWCNTs-TC) were a more promising candidate for drug delivery in cancer therapy. In the present study, a MWCNTs/TC-based drug delivery system was developed for an anticancer drug, doxorubicin (DOX). The drug loading and in vitro release profiles, cellular uptake and cytotoxicity were assessed...
November 2017: Drug Delivery
Paolo Visconti, Patrizio Primiceri, Daniele Longo, Luciano Strafella, Paolo Carlucci, Mauro Lomascolo, Arianna Cretì, Giuseppe Mele
This work aims to investigate and characterize the photo-ignition phenomenon of MWCNT/ferrocene mixtures by using a continuous wave (CW) xenon (Xe) light source, in order to find the power ignition threshold by employing a different type of light source as was used in previous research (i.e., pulsed Xe lamp). The experimental photo-ignition tests were carried out by varying the weight ratio of the used mixtures, luminous power, and wavelength range of the incident Xe light by using selective optical filters...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
Sibel Ilbasmis-Tamer, Hakan Çiftçi, Mustafa Tu Rk, Tuncer Degim, Uğur Tamer
BACKGROUND: Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been considered highly successful and proficient in terms of their mechanical, thermal and electrical functionalization and biocompatibility. In regards to their significant extent in bone regeneration, it has been determined that CNTs hold the capability to endure clinical applications through bone tissue engineering and orthopedic procedures. In the present study, we report on a composite preparation, involving the use of CNT-chitosan as scaffold for bone repair and regeneration...
January 26, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
Mario Culebras, Chungyeon Cho, Michelle Krecker, Ryan Smith, Yixuan Song, Clara Gomez, Andres Cantarero, Jaime C Grunlan
In an effort to produce effective thermoelectric nanocomposites with multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT), layer-by-layer assembly was combined with electrochemical polymerization to create synergy that would produce a high power factor. Nanolayers of MWCNT stabilized with poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) or sodium deoxycholate were alternately deposited from water. Poly(3,4-ethylene dioxythiophene) [PEDOT] was then synthesized electrochemically by using this MWCNT-based multilayer thin film as the working electrode...
January 27, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
M Pacurari, R Kafoury, T Turner, S Taylor, P B Tchounwou
Thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) is a glycoprotein that plays a role in extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling. Previously, we have shown that multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) regulate ECM components TGFβ and its target Col3A1 in alveolar epithelial cells. In this study, we investigated the effect of MWCNT on TSP-1 and microRNA-1 (miR-1) in the regulation of TGFβ in ECM remodeling using alveolar epithelial A549 cells. A549 cells were treated with MWCNT (20 or 50 µg/mL) for 6 or 24 h and the expression of TSP-1 and miR-1, and the exogenous miR-1 effect on cell morphology were analyzed...
January 27, 2017: Environmental Toxicology
Yang Yang, Yao Xiao, Mei Li, Funian Ji, Changwei Hu, Yibin Cui
As a standard testing organism in soil ecosystems, the earthworm Eisenia fetida has been used widely in toxicity studies. However, tests at the individual level are time- and animal-consuming, with limited sensitivity. Earthworm coelomocytes are important for the assimilation and elimination of exogenous compounds and play a key role in the processes of phagocytosis and inflammation. In this study, we explored an optimal condition to culture coelomocytes of E. fetida in vitro and investigated the cytotoxicity of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and sodium pentachlorophenol (PCP-Na) using coelomocytes via evaluating lethal toxicity, oxidative stress, membrane damage, and DNA damage...
2017: PloS One
Yanyan Guo, Cui Lai, Guangming Zeng, Jilai Gong, Chang Su, Chunping Yang, Piao Xu
Organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in sediments could be released into water, posing great threats to human health and organisms. In this study, the treatment effectiveness of in situ sequestration of hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCHs) and dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDTs) in sediments was explored using multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) as adsorbents. Physicochemical tests (aqueous equilibrium concentrations, semipermeable membrane device (SPMD) uptake, and quiescent flux to overlying water) were conducted to evaluate the sequestration effectiveness of MWCNTs...
January 26, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Hyosang Lee, Donguk Kwon, Haedo Cho, Inkyu Park, Jung Kim
The practical utilization of soft nanocomposites as a strain mapping sensor in tactile sensors and artificial skins requires robustness for various contact conditions as well as low-cost fabrication process for large three dimensional surfaces. In this work, we propose a multi-point and multi-directional strain mapping sensor based on multiwall carbon nanotube (MWCNT)-silicone elastomer nanocomposites and anisotropic electrical impedance tomography (aEIT). Based on the anisotropic resistivity of the sensor, aEIT technique can reconstruct anisotropic resistivity distributions using electrodes around the sensor boundary...
January 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
Greg W Curtzwiler, Eric B Williams, Austin L Maples, Steven W Wand, James W Rawlins
Protective coatings are often erroneously thought of as perfect environmental barriers for metal substrates; however, a host of corrosion inducing environmental contaminants permeate through defect-free coatings. Carbon nanotubes are high aspect ratio nanofillers with unique mechanical, electrical, and polymer interaction properties with well-established yet, for practical reasons, often unrealized potential. The research objective was to quantify and understand the influential effects and relationships between low concentration levels of multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) dispersed into epoxy-amine matrix materials and the different water hydrogen bonding interactions on corrosion rates of steel substrates...
February 10, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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