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Multiwall carbon nanotubes

Tamil Selvan Natarajan, Eshwaran Subramani Bhagavatheswaran, Klaus Werner Stöckelhuber, Sven Wiessner, Petra Potschke, Gert Heinrich, Amit Das
A detail study concerning the strain (tensile) dependent electrical conductivity of elastomeric composites is reported in this present paper. Multiwall carbon nanotubes (CNT), conducting carbon black (CB) and their combinations were considered as conducting filler in crosslinked natural rubber matrix. The loadings of the fillers were considered from 3 to 11 phr (filler concentration close to their percolation threshold). Without hindering the elastic nature of the composite (reversible stretchability up to several 100 %), the change of relative resistance, ∆R/R (∆R is the change in the resistance with respect to strain and R is the initial resistance of the sample) of the CB filled composites was found to be as much as ~1300 at around 120 % elongation...
January 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
N K Nirmal, K K Awasthi, P J John
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are promising candidates for various applications including biomedical purposes. Owing to their remarkable physical, mechanical, electrical and chemical properties, CNTs have become an area of intense research and industrial activity in recent years. Therefore, toxicity and risk assessment studies are becoming increasingly important. The present study was designed to assess the effects of hydroxyl-functionalized multiwalled CNTs (OH-f MWCNTs) on sperm health and testes of adult Wistar rats...
January 1, 2017: Toxicology and Industrial Health
Yanlong Tai, Gilles Lubineau
Carbon nanomaterials have excellent humidity sensing properties. Here, it is demonstrated that multiwalled carbon-nanotube (MWCNT)- and reduced-graphene-oxide (rGO)-based conductive films have opposite humidity/electrical resistance responses: MWCNTs increase their electrical resistance (positive response) and rGOs decrease their electrical resistance (negative response). The authors propose a new phenomenology that describes a "net"-like model for MWCNT films and a "scale"-like model for rGO films to explain these behaviors based on contributions from junction resistances (at interparticle junctions) and intrinsic resistances (of the particles)...
January 9, 2017: Small
Shayan Gholizadeh, Fathollah Moztarzadeh, Nooshin Haghighipour, Leila Ghazizadeh, Fatemeh Baghbani, Mohammad Ali Shokrgozar, Zahra Allahyari
A major limitation in current tissue engineering scaffolds is that some of the most important characteristics of the intended tissue are ignored. As piezoelectricity and high mechanical strength are two of the most important characteristics of the bone tissue, carbon nanotubes are getting a lot of attention as a bone tissue scaffold component in recent years. In the present study, composite scaffolds comprised of functionalized Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes (f-MWCNT), medium molecular weight chitosan and β-Glycerophosphate were fabricated and characterized...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Xiaoli Qin, Aigui Xu, Ling Liu, Yuyun Sui, Yunlong Li, Yueming Tan, Chao Chen, Qingji Xie
We report on an ultrasensitive metal-labeled amperometric immunoassay of proteins, which is based on the selective staining of nanocrystalline cadmium sulfide (CdS) on ZnO nanocrystals and in-situ microliter-droplet anodic stripping voltammetry (ASV) detection on the immunoelectrode. Briefly, antibody 1 (Ab1), bovine serum albumin (BSA), antigen and ZnO-multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) labeled antibody 2 (Ab2-ZnO-MWCNTs) were successively anchored on a β-cyclodextrin-graphene sheets (CD-GS) nanocomposite modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE), forming a sandwich-type immunoelectrode (Ab2-ZnO-MWCNTs/antigen/BSA/Ab1/CD-GS/GCE)...
December 22, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Hassan Alijani, Zahra Shariatinia
This research presents an efficient system for removing aqua's arsenic based on in situ zero valent iron doping onto multiwall carbon nanotube (MWCNT) through MWCNT growth onto the natural α-Fe2O3 surface in chemical vapor deposition (CVD) reactor. The as-synthesized magnetic nanohybrid was characterized by XRD, VSM, FE-SEM and TEM techniques. The result of XRD analysis revealed that MWCNT has been successfully generated on the surface of zero valent iron. Moreover, the material showed good superparamagnetic characteristic to be employed as a magnetic adsorbent...
December 23, 2016: Chemosphere
Sourav Biswas, Injamamul Arief, Sujit Sankar Panja, Suryasarathi Bose
To minimize electromagnetic (EM) pollution, two key parameters, namely, intrinsic wave impedance matching and intense absorption of incoming EM radiation, must satisfy the utmost requirements. To target these requirements, soft conducting composites consisting of binary blends of polycarbonate (PC) and poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) were designed with doped multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and a three-dimensional cross-linked graphene oxide (GO) framework doped with ferrite nanoparticles. The doping of α-MnO2 onto the MWCNTs ensured intrinsic wave impedance matching in addition to providing conducting pathways, and the ferrite-doped cross-linked GO facilitated the enhanced attenuation of the incoming EM radiation...
January 13, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Markus Brammen, Paula Fraga-García, Sonja Berensmeier
Electrochemically modulated liquid chromatography is a special form of ion exchange chromatography in which the separation process is controlled by applying an electric potential to the stationary phase. This form of chromatography has so far only been applied in research studies. The present study shows that multiwalled carbon nanotubes are an effective resin material for an electrochemically modulated chromatography process. The experiments are carried out in a newly designed column which enables the packing of nanomaterials...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Separation Science
Jason Ivall, Gabriel Langlois-Rahme, Sylvain Coulombe, Phillip Servio
Multiwall carbon nanotube nanofluids are regularly investigated for phase change enhancement between liquid and solid states owing to their improved heat transfer properties. The potential applications are numerous, the most notable being latent heat thermal energy storage, but the success of all nanofluid-assisted technologies hinges greatly on the ability of nanoparticles to remain stably dispersed after repeated phase change cycles. In this report, the stability of aqueous nanofluids made from oxygen-functionalized multiwall carbon nanotubes (f-MWCNTs) was profiled over the course of 20 freeze/thaw cycles...
February 3, 2017: Nanotechnology
Junping Zhang, Bo Yu, Ziqian Gao, Bucheng Li, Xia Zhao
Although encouraging progress in the field of superamphiphobic coatings has been obtained, the superamphiphobic coatings with high durability, transparency, and repellency to hot liquids are very rare. Here, durable, transparent, and hot liquid-repelling superamphiphobic coatings were successfully prepared using polysiloxane-modified multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs@POS) as the templates. The hydrolytic condensation of n-hexadecyltrimethoxysilane (HDTMS) and tetraethoxysilane on the surface of MWCNTs formed MWCNTs@POS, which are highly dispersible in toluene...
January 5, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Ya Ma, Xiao-Lei Shen, Hai-Shui Wang, Jia Tao, Jian-Zhi Huang, Qiang Zeng, Li-Shi Wang
An electrochemical sensor with high selectivity in addition to sensitivity was developed for the determination of cardiac troponin I (cTnI), based on the modification of cTnI imprinted polymer film on a glassy carbon electrode (GCE). The sensor was fabricated by layer-by-layer assembled graphene nanoplatelets (GS), multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs), chitosan (CS), glutaraldehyde (GA) composites, which can increase the electronic transfer rate and the active surface area to capture a larger number of antigenic proteins...
December 23, 2016: Analytical Biochemistry
Charuksha Walgama, Matthew Gallman, Sadagopan Krishnan
We report single drop electroanalytical measurements of pharmaceutically and biologically relevant compounds using screen printed electrodes (SPEs) modified with carboxylated multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT-COOH) as the sensor surface. Acetaminophen, nicotine, ascorbic acid, and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide reduced form (NADH) were detected in a single drop of solution. We show that combined polar and nonpolar interactions of analytes with -COOH functional groups and large surface area of MWCNT, respectively, allow highly sensitive analyte detection with wide dynamic range...
November 2016: Electroanalysis
Kizhisseri Devi Renuka, C Lalitha Lekshmi, Kuruvilla Joseph, Sankarapillai Mahesh
Tuning the microstructure, conductance, band gap of a single molecule with an external stimuli such as light have vital importance in nanoscale molecular electronics. Azobenzene systems are inimitable light responsive molecules suitable for the development of optically modulated materials. In this work we have demonstrated the development of an optically active Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube (MWCNT)-hybrid material by the noncovalent functionalization of azo based chromophore derived from cardanol, a bioresource material...
January 18, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
ZeHong Xu, XiaoDan Cheng, JianHong Tan, Xianxue Gan
A simple and high sensitive cholesterol amperometric biosensor, which is based on in situ electropolymerization of multi-walled carbon nanotube-polyaniline (MWCNT-PANI) nanocomposite and electrodeposition of platinum nanoparticle (nano-Pt) films onto the glassy carbon electrode surface for cholesterol oxidase immobilization, was constructed in this study. The preparation process of the modified electrode was characterized by cyclic voltammetry, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and chronoamperometry...
November 2016: Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry
Bryan H R Suryanto, Sheng Chen, Jingjing Duan, Chuan Zhao
The role of carbon nanotubes in the advancement of energy conversion and storage technologies is undeniable. In particular, carbon nanotubes have attracted significant applications for electrocatalysis. However, one central issue related to the use of carbon nanotubes is the required oxidative pretreatment that often leads to significant damage of graphitic structures which deteriorates their electrochemical properties. Traditionally, the oxidized carbon nanomaterials are treated at high temperature under an inert atmosphere to repair the oxidation-induced defect sites, which simultaneously removes a significant number of oxygen functional groups...
December 28, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Chaoting Guan, Jin Jiang, Congwei Luo, Suyan Pang, Chengchun Jiang, Jun Ma, Yixin Jin, Juan Li
In this study, we interestingly found that peroxydisulfate (PDS) could be activated by a commercial multiwalled carbon nanotube (CNT) material via a nonradical pathway. Iodide (I(-)) was quickly and almost completely oxidized to hypoiodous acid (HOI) in the PDS/CNT system over the pH range of 5-9, but the further transformation to iodate (IO3(-)) was negligible. A kinetic model was proposed, which involved the formation of reactive PDS-CNT complexes, and then their decomposition into sulfate anion (SO4(2-)) via inner electron transfer within the complexes or by competitively reacting with I(-)...
January 3, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
Sonia Bahrani, Mehrorang Ghaedi, Mohammad Javad Khoshnood Mansoorkhani, Abbas Ostovan
A selective and rapid method was developed for quantification of curcumin in human plasma and food samples using molecularly imprinted magnetic multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MMWCNTs) which was characterized with EDX and FESEM. The role of sorbent mass, volume of eluent and sonication time on response in solid phase microextraction procedure were optimized by central composite design (CCD) combined with response surface methodology (RSM) using Statistica. Preliminary experiments reveal that among different solvents, methanol:dimethyl sulfoxide (4:1V/V) led to efficient and quantitative elution of analyte...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Ahmed M Abdalla, Rakesh P Sahu, Cameron J Wallar, Ri Chen, Igor Zhitomirsky, Ishwar K Puri
A novel approach for the fabrication of nickel oxide nanotubes based on multiwalled carbon nanotubes as a sacrificial template is described. Electroless deposition is employed to deposit nickel onto carbon nanotubes. The subsequent annealing of the product in the presence of air oxidizes nickel to nickel oxide, and carbon is released as gaseous carbon dioxide, leaving behind nickel oxide nanotubes. Electron microscopy and elemental mapping confirm the formation of nickel oxide nanotubes. New chelating polyelectrolytes are used as dispersing agents to achieve high colloidal stability for both the nickel-coated carbon nanotubes and the nickel oxide nanotubes...
December 15, 2016: Nanotechnology
Shadi Piramoon, Parviz Aberoomand Azar, Mohammad Saber Tehrani, Sirwan Mohammadiazar, Abdollah Tavassoli
A solid-phase nanoextraction method has been developed for the extraction and preconcentration of polychlorinated biphenyls using carboxyl multiwalled carbon nanotubes as a solid nano-sorbent. Parameters affecting extraction efficiency such as sorbent amount, desorption solvent type and volume, extraction time, pH, and salt content have been studied. Under optimized conditions, the correlation coefficient was up to 0.9989, the limits of detection was in the range of 1.4-3.5 ng/L, and limits of quantification was between 4...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Separation Science
Luyao Li, Haiqing Liu, Lei Wang, Shiyu Yue, Xiao Tong, Tatiana Zaliznyak, Gordon T Taylor, Stanislaus S Wong
Multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) represent a promising support medium for electrocatalysts, especially Pt nanoparticles (NPs). The advantages of using MWNTs include their large surface area, high conductivity, as well as long-term stability. Surface functionalization of MWNTs with various terminal groups, such as -COOH, -SH, and -NH2, allows for rational electronic tuning of catalyst-support interactions. However, several issues still need to be addressed for such systems. First, over the course of an electrochemical run, catalyst durability can decrease, due in part to metal NP dissolution, a process facilitated by the inherently high surface defect concentration within the support...
December 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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