keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

ABG

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539252/the-outcomes-of-overlay-myringoplasty-endoscopic-versus-microscopic-approach
#1
Yuvatiya Plodpai, Nanatphong Paje
PURPOSE: To investigate the outcomes of overlay myringoplasty by comparing the endoscopic versus the microscopic approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective comparative study of 181 patients who underwent myringoplasty with overlay techniques between January 2010 and 2016 at Songklanagarind Hospital, Thailand. Group 1 underwent an endoscopic-assisted (n=90), and group 2 underwent the microscopic-assisted (n=91) overlay myringoplasty. The outcomes were graft take rates, the audiometric results, the need of canalplasty, complications and operative time...
May 9, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514897/biomaterials-and-bioactive-agents-in-spinal-fusion
#2
Rui M Duarte, Pedro Varanda, Rui L Reis, Ana Rita C Duarte, Jorge Correia-Pinto
Management of degenerative spine pathologies frequently leads to the need for spinal fusion, where bone growth is induced towards stabilization of the interventioned spine. Autologous bone graft (ABG) remains the gold standard inducer, while new bone graft substitutes attempt to achieve effective de novo bone formation and solid fusion. Limited fusion outcomes have driven motivation for more sophisticated and multidisciplinary solutions, involving new biomaterials and/or biologics, through innovative delivery platforms...
May 17, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part B, Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511435/agreement-and-correlation-between-arterial-and-central-venous-blood-gas-following-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery
#3
Masoumeh Esmaeilivand, Alireza Khatony, Gholamreza Moradi, Farid Najafi, Alireza Abdi
INTRODUCTION: Arterial blood sampling, used to assess patients in acute conditions, may result in complications such as thrombosis and embolism. However, it can be replaced by venous blood sampling, but there is a dearth of information on this. AIM: To assess the correlation and agreement between the arterial and central venous blood gases analyses in patients undergoing elective Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 100 ICU patients undergoing elective CABG surgery were recruited...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502060/comparison-of-univent-tube-and-ez-blocker-in-one-lung-ventilation-airway-pressures-and-gas-exchange
#4
Tülay Hoşten, Can Aksu, Alparslan Kuş, Sevim Cesur, Neşe Türkyılmaz, Mine Solak
Univent tube (UT) and EZ-blocker were used for one-lung ventilation (OLV). UT is a single lumen tube with a small separate lumen containing a bronchial blocker. EZ-blocker differs with its unique y-shaped double-cuffed distal end. We aimed to compare these two airway devices effects on airway pressures, oxygenation, ventilation and haemodynamics during OLV. Patients undergoing elective thoracotomy for the first time were included in this prospective randomized study. Patients were divided into two groups as UT and EZ...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498487/the-malleus-to-oval-window-revision-stapedotomy-efficacy-and-longitudinal-study-outcome
#5
Peter A Benedict, Ling Zhou, Robert Peng, Darius Kohan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the longitudinal effectiveness of the malleus to oval window stapedotomy technique among patients undergoing revision surgery when the incus is unavailable. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective, case series. METHODS: Charts of 15 patients who underwent 17 malleus attachment stapedotomies performed by a single surgeon from 2000 to 2015 were reviewed. Surgery was ambulatory, transcanal, with laser technique, and under local anesthesia...
May 12, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487415/randomized-comparison-of-helmet-cpap-versus-high-flow-nasal-cannula-oxygen-in-pediatric-respiratory-distress
#6
Giovanna Vitaliti, Maria Concetta Vitaliti, Maria Carla Finocchiaro, Vita Antonella Di Stefano, Piero Pavone, Nassim Matin, Nazgol Motamed-Gorji, Riccardo Lubrano, Raffaele Falsaperla
BACKGROUND: The current study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of 2 noninvasive respiratory support methods, which included helmet CPAP and high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) in children with respiratory distress admitted to a pediatric intermediate care unit. METHODS: This study was a prospective observational study conducted on children with respiratory distress (age 1-24 months) who were admitted to our acute and emergency operative unit. All included subjects were randomly treated with helmet CPAP or HFNC in a 1:1 fashion until their clinical picture, oxygen saturation, and arterial blood gas (ABG) parameters resolved...
May 9, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486894/a-snapshot-of-the-oxygenation-of-mechanically-ventilated-patients-in-one-australian-intensive-care-unit
#7
D Dennis, L Torre, S Baker, T Hebden-Todd
Hyperoxaemia in patients undergoing mechanical ventilation (MV) has been found to be an independent predictor of worse outcome and in-hospital mortality in some conditions. Data suggests that a fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO<sub>2</sub>) of 0.4 or lower may produce hyperoxaemia although it is commonly accepted without adjustment in ventilator settings. The primary aim of this study was to observe current practice at one Australian tertiary intensive care unit (ICU) with regard to prescription and titration of oxygen (O<sub>2</sub>) in patients undergoing MV, in particular whether they received higher FiO<sub>2</sub> than required according to arterial blood gas (ABG) results, and whether there was FiO<sub>2</sub> titration as a response to initial ABG results during the 12 hours following...
May 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485522/effects-of-1-month-withdrawal-of-ventilatory-support-in-hypercapnic-myotonic-dystrophy-type-1
#8
Fergal J O'Donoghue, Jean-Christian Borel, Yves Dauvilliers, Patrick Levy, Renaud Tamisier, Jean-Louis Pépin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The benefits of domiciliary non-invasive ventilation (NIV) in myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) are unclear. We sought to determine the effects of elective discontinuation of ventilatory support for 1 month in DM1 patients receiving NIV for chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure. METHODS: At baseline, 12 patients underwent polysomnography, and assessment of subjective (Epworth Sleepiness Scale) and objective (Oxford Sleep Resistance Test) sleepiness, fatigue (Fatigue Severity Scale), respiratory function including muscle strength, arterial blood gas (ABG), hypercapnic ventilatory response (HCVR), Blood Pressure, peripheral arterial tonometry (PAT) and pulse wave velocity (PWV)...
May 9, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485284/functional-outcomes-of-tympanoplasty-surgery
#9
Izabela Matuszewska, Paweł Burduk, Wojciech Kaźmierczak, Joanna Janiak-Kiszka
OBJECTIVE: We reviewed functional outcomes of tympanoplasty. STUDY DESIGN: The results of tympanoplastic surgery are changing in time. We present late treatment outcomes among different types of tympanoplasty. METHODS: Eighty-six patients who underwent tympanoplasty were enrolled in the study. The results of pure tone audiometry performed 7 days before, then at 3 months, 1 year, and 3 years after the surgery were assessed. Type II tympanoplasty involved implantation of a partial ossicular replacement prosthesis and type III tympanoplasty involved reconstruction with a total ossicular replacement prosthesis and the use of autogenous homogenous material...
November 20, 2016: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473024/-prehospital-arterial-blood-gas-analysis-after-collapse-connected-to-triathlon-participation
#10
Asbjørn Ettrup-Christensen, Louise Amstrup-Hansen, Stine T Zwisler
Long-distance athletes are at risk of serious fluid and electrolyte disturbances, such as hypernatraemia (dehydration). Recently, cases of serious morbidity have been reported, due to acute exercise-associated hyponatraemia, which can advance to encephalopathy. An arterial blood gas analysis (ABG) was drawn from collapsed athletes at the championship of full-distance triathlon 2015, and different electrolyte imbalances were found. Our findings show that prehospital ABG can assist in differentiating the cause of collapse, and presumably, targeted treatment can be initiated already on scene...
May 1, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458630/an-objective-estimation-of-air-bone-gap-in-cochlear-implant-recipients-with-residual-hearing-using-electrocochleography
#11
Kanthaiah Koka, Aniket A Saoji, Joseph Attias, Leonid M Litvak
Although, cochlear implants (CI) traditionally have been used to treat individuals with bilateral profound sensorineural hearing loss, a recent trend is to implant individuals with residual low-frequency hearing. Notably, many of these individuals demonstrate an air-bone gap (ABG) in low-frequency, pure-tone thresholds following implantation. An ABG is the difference between audiometric thresholds measured using air conduction (AC) and bone conduction (BC) stimulation. Although, behavioral AC thresholds are straightforward to assess, BC thresholds can be difficult to measure in individuals with severe-to-profound hearing loss because of vibrotactile responses to high-level, low-frequency stimulation and the potential contribution of hearing in the contralateral ear...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449486/the-prevalence-of-pulmonary-hypertension-in-patients-with-obesity-hypoventilation-syndrome-a-prospective-observational-study
#12
Aljohara S Almeneessier, Samar Z Nashwan, Mostafa Q Al-Shamiri, Seithikurippu R Pandi-Perumal, Ahmed S BaHammam
BACKGROUND: One important cardiovascular morbidity that is associated with obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) is the development of pulmonary hypertension (PH). However, few studies have assessed PH in OHS patients. Therefore, we prospectively assessed the prevalence of PH in a large sample of OHS patients. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, all consecutive OHS patients referred to the sleep disorders clinic during the study period were included...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439386/usefulness-of-clinical-prediction-rules-d-dimer-and-arterial-blood-gas-analysis-to-predict-pulmonary-embolism-in-cancer-patients
#13
Asifa Karamat, Shazia Awan, Muhammad Ghazanfar Hussain, Fahad Al Hameed, Faheem Butt, Ali Saeed Wahla
OBJECTIVES: Pulmonary embolism (PE) is seven times more common in cancer patients than non-cancer patients. Since the existing clinical prediction rules (CPRs) were validated predominantly in a non-cancer population, we decided to look at the utility of arterial blood gas (ABG) analysis and D-dimer in predicting PE in cancer patients. METHODS: Electronic medical records were reviewed between December 2005 and November 2010. A total of 177 computed tomography pulmonary angiograms (CTPAs) were performed...
March 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431494/surgical-results-of-modified-canal-wall-down-tympanoplasty
#14
Feng-Ming Gu, Fang-Lu Chi
CONCLUSION: Patients with mastoiditis and chronic suppurative otitis media which has small mastoids that make them ideal candidates for modified canal wall down mastoidectomy (MCWD) which contributes to a dry and spacious ear and the maintaining and improving hearing. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate surgical outcomes for chronic otitis media underwent MCWD. METHODS: A clinical retrospective study was performed on 47 ears with chronic otitis media which has relatively limited attic lesions have the small, sclerotic and hypocellular mastoids according to the preoperative high-resolution CT scan of the temporal bone that underwent MCWD and 32 ears with typical canal wall down operation form January 2010 to January 2016...
April 21, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412161/the-effect-of-the-apneic-period-on-the-respiratory-physiology-of-patients-undergoing-intubation-in-the-emergency-department
#15
Jason R West, Anthony Scoccimarro, Cody Kramer, Nicholas D Caputo
OBJECTIVES: We sought to examine the physiological impact the apneic period has on the respiratory physiology of patients undergoing intubation in the emergency department and whether DAO, the delivery of 15L oxygen by nasal cannula during apnea, can affect the development of respiratory acidosis. METHODS: This was a prospective observational cohort study conducted at an urban academic level 1 trauma center. A convenience sample of 100 patients was taken. Timed data collection forms were completed during the periintubation period...
April 2, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397537/titanium-ossicular-chain-reconstruction-revision-success-and-preoperative-factors-predicting-success
#16
Phong T Le, Brendan P O'Connell, Andrew B Baker, Robert G Keller, Paul R Lambert
Objective Determine rates of success after revision titanium ossicular chain reconstruction with either partial or total ossicular replacement prosthesis and assess preoperative factors predicting positive outcomes. Study Design Case series with planned data collection. Setting Tertiary hospital. Subjects and Methods The charts of 76 surgical patients who underwent revision titanium ossicular chain reconstruction from 2003 to 2014 were abstracted from a prospectively maintained database at the Medical University of South Carolina...
April 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393055/outcome-of-incus-interposition-after-preservation-in-soft-tissue
#17
Mohammad Faramarzi, Sareh Roosta, Mahboobe Dianat
INTRODUCTION: The lenticular process of the incus succumbs to necrosis in chronic otitis media. Few researchers have addressed the issue of autograft incus preservation in the soft tissue of the tragus or mastoid cavity. Nonetheless, preservation of the incus in this method during the second stage of ossiculoplasty is a subject that is still up for debate. This study was carried out to demonstrate the hearing outcome after a modification of the incus interposition technique, which involved preserving it in the periauricular soft tissue...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393052/comparison-of-temporalis-fascia-and-full-thickness-cartilage-palisades-in-type-i-underlay-tympanoplasty-for-large-subtotal-perforations
#18
Pradeep Pradhan, Abhimanyu Anant, Vellore-Pattabhiram Venkatachalam
INTRODUCTION: To demonstrate surgical techniques and to compare the anatomical and functional outcomes between temporalis fascia and cartilage palisade grafting in type-I underlay tympanoplasty in patients with large/subtotal perforation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Temporalis fascia and cartilage palisade grafting were conducted in Group A and Group B, respectively, each containing 30 patients with large/subtotal perforations. Pure tone audiogram (PTA) and speech reception thresholds (SRT) were performed preoperatively and at each postoperative visit; i...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390607/endoscopic-middle-ear-exploration-in-pediatric-patients-with-conductive-hearing-loss
#19
John M Carter, Stephen R Hoff
OBJECTIVE: To describe our indications, findings, and outcomes for transcanal endoscopic middle ear exploration in pediatric patients with conductive hearing loss of unknown etiology, without effusions. METHODS: Prospective case series for all pediatric patients undergoing totally endoscopic transcanal middle ear exploration between April 2012 and October 2015 at a pediatric tertiary care referral hospital. Demographic data, operative findings, and hearing results were reviewed...
May 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387196/bone-grafting-via-reamer-irrigator-aspirator-for-nonunion-of-open-gustilo-anderson-type-iii-tibial-fractures-treated-with-multiplanar-external-fixator
#20
Nicholas Kusnezov, Gautham Prabhakar, Matthew Dallo, Ahmed M Thabet, Amr A Abdelgawad
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the outcomes following reamer-irrigator-aspirator (RIA) autogenous bone grafting (ABG) of high-grade open tibia fracture nonunions stabilized via multiplanar external fixation. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all patients with Gustilo-Anderson type III open tibia fractures treated with multiplanar external fixation and who underwent RIA ABG for nonunion at our institutional Level 1 Trauma Center between 2008 and 2015...
2017: SICOT-J
keyword
keyword
2954
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"