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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922959/the-local-effect-of-puerarin-on-critical-sized-calvarial-defects
#1
Çiğdem Coşkun Türer, Akif Türer, Mustafa Cenk Durmuşlar, Mehmet Emin Önger
Pueraria, the root of Pueraria lobata, is a commonly used herb in alternative medicine. This study evaluates the effect of puerarin and autogenous graft material combination on bone regeneration in calvarial critical-sized bone defects. Twenty-four rats were randomly divided into 3 groups of 8 rats each. A 5-mm diameter critical-sized defect was created in the calvarium of each animal. In group C, defects were left unfilled and were allowed to heal spontaneously without the use of any grafting material. Critical-sized bone defect created in animals receiving no treatment...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917790/retrospective-air-bone-gap-evaluation-of-patients-with-tympanic-membrane-central-perforation
#2
Levent Küçükkavruk, Esra Temügan, Mesut Kaya, Selim Unsal, Nebi Mustafa Gumus, Mustafa Yüksel, Mehmet Gündüz
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate hearing recovery and air-bone gap (ABG) before and after tympanoplasty surgery in patients with tympanic membrane central perforation. METHODS: Histories and audiological assessments of 160 cases (total of 26 ears from 22 patients; 11 men and 11 women) from patients who had undergone tympanoplasty surgery and hearing reconstruction due to tympanic membrane central perforation were evaluated. Pre-postoperative audiograms and the pure tone, air-bone hearing thresholds and ABG gains were evaluated...
December 1, 2016: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916077/-intestinal-barrier-dysfunction-and-its-related-factors-in-patients-with-sepsis
#3
W Liu, X H Wang, X J Yang, X Y Zhang, W J Qi
Objective: To investigate the relationship between related factors of intestinal barrier dysfunction in patients with sepsis or septic shock and severity of the condition. Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted in 31 sepsis patients, 28 septic shock patients, and 21 postoperative patients without sepsis (control group) who were admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University between November 2015 and June 2016. Blood samples were collected from the patients within 24 hours following admission to ICU...
November 29, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895001/surgical-management-and-hearing-outcome-of-traumatic-ossicular-injuries
#4
Stefan Delrue, Nicolas Verhaert, Joost van Dinther, Andrzej Zarowski, Thomas Somers, Christian Desloovere, Erwin Offeciers
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate etiological, clinical, and pathological characteristics of traumatic injuries of the middle ear ossicular chain and to evaluate hearing outcome after surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty consecutive patients (31 ears) with traumatic ossicular injuries operated on between 2004 and 2015 in two tertiary referral otologic centers were retrospectively analyzed. Traumatic events, clinical features, ossicular lesions, treatment procedures, and audiometric results were evaluated...
November 28, 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884773/an-intelligent-prognostic-system-for-analyzing-patients-with-paraquat-poisoning-using-arterial-blood-gas-indexes
#5
Lufeng Hu, Feiyan Lin, Huaizhong Li, Changfei Tong, Zhifang Pan, Jun Li, Huiling Chen
The arterial blood gas (ABG) test is used to assess gas exchange in the lung, and the acid-base level in the blood. However, it is still unclear whether or not ABG test indexes correlate with paraquat (PQ) poisoning. This study investigates the predictive value of ABG tests in prognosing patients with PQ poisoning; it also identifies the most significant indexes of the ABG test. An intelligent machine learning-based system was established to effectively give prognostic analysis of patients with PQ poisoning based on ABG indexes...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879225/efficacy-of-posterior-canal-wall-reconstruction-using-autologous-auricular-cartilage-and-bone-p%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-in-chronic-otitis-media-with-cholesteatoma
#6
Min Kwan Baek, Sung Ho Choi, Dong Young Kim, Chang Hyun Cho, Yong Woo Kim, Kwang Ha Moon, Ju Hyoung Lee
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to investigate the long-term results using the technique of canal wall up mastoidectomy and reconstruction of the posterior canal wall using bone pâté and auricular cartilage in the treatment of chronic otitis media with cholesteatoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on 42 patients who underwent canal wall up mastoidectomy and posterior canal wall reconstruction at a single institution between November 2005 and November 2012...
November 23, 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872897/physiotherapy-practice-patterns-for-management-of-patients-undergoing-thoracic-surgeries-in-india-a-survey
#7
Sagarika Sultanpuram, Gopala Krishna Alaparthi, Shyam Krishnan Krishnakumar, Zulfeequer C P Ottayil
Aim. The aim of the current study is to determine the practice patterns of physiotherapists for patients undergoing thoracic surgeries in India. Materials and Methodology. A cross-sectional survey was conducted across India in which 600 questionnaires were sent in emails to physiotherapists. The questionnaire addressed assessment and treatment techniques of thoracic surgery. Results. A total of 234 completed questionnaires were returned with a response rate of 39%, with the majority of responses received from Telangana, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh...
2016: Surgery Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871409/the-efficacy-of-platelet-derived-growth-factor-as-a-bone-stimulating-agent
#8
REVIEW
Ethan S Krell, Christopher W DiGiovanni
Nonunion remains the most impactful complication following ankle and hindfoot arthrodesis. Historically, surgeons have relied on autologous bone graft (ABG) to combat nonunion risk. Although effective, ABG remains limited in quantity, varies in quality, and can be associated with harvest site pain and morbidity. Use of alternative bone-stimulating agents, however, avoids harvesting an autograft, and provides a more predictable dose-response efficacy. This article highlights findings from basic science, animal, and human clinical research that led to the approval of Augment Bone Graft...
December 2016: Foot and Ankle Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866528/-effect-of-non-invasive-nava-on-the-patients-with-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#9
D Q Wang, J Luo, X H Xiong, L H Zhu, W W Zhang
Objective: To observe the effect of non-invasive neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NIV-NAVA) on patient-ventilator synchrony and effect of gas exchange in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease compared with NIV-pressure support ventilation (PSV). Methods: This was a prospective study of 40 patients with AECOPD given 30-min trials of NIV with NIV-PSV group (n=20) and NAVA group (n=20) in random order. Arterial blood gas analysis (ABGs), main asynchrony events and asynchrony index were quantified...
November 15, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842708/-effects-of-different-levels-of-end-expiratory-pressure-on-hemodynamic-respiratory-mechanics-and-systemic-stress-response-during-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#10
Oznur Sen, Yasemin Erdogan Doventas
OBJECTIVE: General anesthesia causes reduction of functional residual capacity. And this decrease can lead to atelectasis and intrapulmonary shunting in the lung. In this study we want to evaluate the effects of 5 and 10cmH2O PEEP levels on gas exchange, hemodynamic, respiratory mechanics and systemic stress response in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: American Society of Anesthesiologist I-II physical status 43 patients scheduled for laparoscopic cholecystectomy were randomly selected to receive external PEEP of 5cmH2O (PEEP 5 group) or 10cmH2O PEEP (PEEP 10 group) during pneumoperitoneum...
November 11, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837423/the-effects-of-surgery-type-and-different-ossiculoplasty-materials-on-the-hearing-results-in-cholesteatoma-surgery
#11
Sultan Şevik Eliçora, Duygu Erdem, Aykut Erdem Dinç, Murat Damar, Sultan Bişkin
To investigate the effects of surgery type [intact canal wall (ICW) or canal wall down (CWD) mastoidectomy] and different ossiculoplasty materials on hearing outcome in single-staged cholesteatoma surgery. A retrospective case-control study. A total of 116 cases (97 adults, 29 children) underwent surgery, including ossiculoplasty, between 2012 and 2015 for cholesteatoma. Patients who had undergone surgery for the first time, and whose grafts were successful, were included in the study. Patients with adhesive otitis media, unsuccessful grafts, revision and recurrent cases, radical mastoidectomy, and craniofacial anomalies were excluded...
November 11, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818327/an-educational-intervention-optimizes-the-utilization-of-arterial-blood-gases-across-intensive-care-units-from-different-specialties-a-quality-improvement-study
#12
Carlos D Martínez-Balzano, Paulo Oliveira, Michelle O'Rourke, Luanne Hills, Andrés F Sosa
BACKGROUND: Arterial blood gas (ABG) overutilization leads to increased costs, inefficient use of staff work-hours, patient discomfort and blood loss. We developed guidelines to optimize ABG utilization in the intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: ABG utilization guidelines were implemented on all adult ICUs in our institution: three medical, two trauma-surgery, one cardiovascular and one neurosurgical ICU. While relying on pulse oximetry, we encouraged the utilization of ABGs after an acute respiratory event or for a rational clinical concern, and discouraged obtaining ABGs for routine surveillance, after planned changes of PEEP or FiO2 on the mechanical ventilator, for spontaneous breathing trials, or when a disorder was not suspected...
November 3, 2016: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795903/effects-of-pressure-controlled-and-volume-controlled-ventilation-on-respiratory-mechanics-and-systemic-stress-response-during-prone-position
#13
Oznur Sen, Mefkur Bakan, Tarik Umutoglu, Nurdan Aydın, Mehmet Toptas, Ibrahim Akkoc
BACKGROUND: Prone position during general anesthesia for special surgical operations may be related with increased airway pressure, decreased pulmonary and thoracic compliance that may be explained by restriction of chest expansion and compression of abdomen. The optimum ventilation mode for anesthetized patients on prone position was not described and studies comparing volume-controlled ventilation (VCV) and pressure-controlled ventilation (PCV) during prone position are limited. We hypothesized that PCV instead of VCV during prone position could achieve lower airway pressures and reduce the systemic stress response...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779578/does-small-volume-resuscitation-with-crystalloids-or-colloids-influence-hemostasis-and-survival-of-rabbits-subjected-to-lethal-uncontrolled-hemorrhage
#14
Bijan S Kheirabadi, Nahir Miranda, Irasema B Terrazas, Mary D Gonzales, Rose C Grimm, Michael A Dubick
INTRODUCTION: Prehospital, small-volume resuscitation of combat casualties with a synthetic colloid [6% hydroxyethyl starch (HES) 670/0.75] has been recommended when blood or blood components are unavailable. We studied hemostatic effects of a newer synthetic colloid (6% HES 130/0.4,) compared to either a natural colloid (albumin) or to crystalloids in an uncontrolled hemorrhage model. METHODS: Spontaneously breathing NZW rabbits (3.4±0.1 kg) were anesthetized, instrumented and subjected to a splenic injury with uncontrolled bleeding...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777693/comparison-of-end-tidal-carbon-dioxide-and-arterial-blood-bicarbonate-levels-in-patients-with-metabolic-acidosis-referred-to-emergency-medicine
#15
Ali Taghizadieh, Mahboub Pouraghaei, Payman Moharamzadeh, Alireza Ala, Farzad Rahmani, Karim Basiri Sofiani
Introduction: The routine and gold standard method to diagnose of acid - base disturbance is arterial blood gas (ABG) sampling. Capnography could be used to measure the end-tidal carbon dioxide (ETCO2) levels and ETco2 has a close correlation with the PaCo2. The aim of this study was comparison the ETco2 and arterial blood bicarbonate levels in patients with metabolic acidosis. Methods: In a descriptive-analytical study that performed in Emergency Department of Emam Reza Medical Research and Training Hospital of Tabriz on patients with metabolic acidosis, ETco2 level and blood bicarbonate levels in 262 patients were evaluated...
2016: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759474/poor-10-year-survivorship-of-hip-resurfacing-arthroplasty
#16
Matti Seppänen, Mikko Karvonen, Petri Virolainen, Ville Remes, Pekka Pulkkinen, Antti Eskelinen, Antti Liukas, Keijo T Mäkelä
Background and purpose - In a previous registry report, short-term implant survival of hip resurfacing arthroplasty (HRA) in Finland was found to be comparable to that of total hip arthroplasty (THA). Since then, it has become evident that adverse reactions to metal debris (ARMDs) may also be associated with HRA, not only with large-diameter head metal-on-metal THA. The aim of the study was to assess medium- to long-term survivorship of HRA based on the Finnish Arthroplasty Register (FAR). Patients and methods - 5,068 HRAs performed during the period 2001-2013 in Finland were included...
December 2016: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755370/outcomes-of-drill-canalplasty-in-exostoses-and-osteoma-analysis-of-256-cases-and-literature-review
#17
Golda Grinblat, Sampath Chandra Prasad, Gianluca Piras, Jingchun He, Abdelkader Taibah, Alessandra Russo, Mario Sanna
OBJECTIVE: 1) To describe the surgical technique of drill canaplasty for exostosis and osteoma and to evaluate our results. 2) To propose a new grading system for external auditory canal stenosis (EACS). 3) To review the recent literature. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review. SETTING: Quarternary referral center for Otology & Skull Base surgery. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Two hundred seventeen patients (256 ears) with exostosis or osteoma were included in the study...
December 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734979/the-audiological-and-take-results-of-perichondrium-attached-cartilage-island-graft-in-tympanoplasty-pacit
#18
F Solmaz, D Akduman, M Haksever, E Gündoğdu, M Yanılmaz, A Mescioğlu
Cartilage is one of the most preferable grafts for tympanoplasty (TPL). The anatomical and audiological results and take rates of perichondrium attached cartilage island graft in tympanoplasty (PACIT) are presented herein. One hundred ninety four ears of 191 patients (108 male, 83 female) were evaluated retrospectively in terms of the type of surgery, graft take rate and hearing results. Type I, II, and III TPL were performed in 127 (65.46%), 45 (23.20%), and 22 (11.34%) ears, respectively. The overall mean preoperative pure tone average-air bone gaps (PTA-ABGs) for TPL types were 33...
August 2016: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729143/myringoplasty-in-children
#19
Noa Rozendorn, Michael Wolf, Arkadi Yakirevich, Yisgav Shapira, Eldar Carmel
BACKGROUND: Tympanic membrane perforation (TMP) may be caused by acute and chronic otitis media, trauma and iatrogenic reasons. The goal of myringoplasty is to achieve a dry, self-cleansing ear with intact TM while preserving hearing. Literature review of myringoplasty outcome demonstrates results with different success rates and affecting factors. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate TMP closure (TMPC) rate and hearing improvement and to assess the effect of clinical and surgical parameters on residual and recurrent perforation...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727800/abg-abnormalities-in-chronic-kidney-diseases
#20
Dhaval Dave
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
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