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Pathology education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927229/creation-and-evaluation-of-a-laboratory-administration-curriculum-for-pathology-residents
#1
Jeannette Guarner, Charles E Hill, Timothy Amukele
Objectives: A clinical laboratory management (CLM) curriculum that can objectively assess the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education pathology systems-based practice milestones and can provide consistent resident training across institutions is needed. Methods: Faculty at Emory University created a curriculum that consists of assay verification exercises and interactive, case-based online modules. Beta testing was done at Emory University and Johns Hopkins...
September 11, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925287/assessing-and-developing-the-written-reflective-practice-skills-of-speech-language-pathology-students
#2
Kate Cook, Gina Tillard, Christine Wyles, Daniel Gerhard, Tika Ormond, Megan McAuliffe
PURPOSE: Written reflective practice aims to support critical thinking and problem solving skills in speech-language pathology (SLP) clinical education programmes. Yet, there has been limited investigation of students' development of written reflective practice skills over time and during a real-time clinical experience. The purpose of this study was to investigate students' development of breadth and depth of written reflective practice across a six-week clinical experience. METHOD: Participants were 59 undergraduate and 14 postgraduate SLP students...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922153/sex-dependent-associations-of-serum-uric-acid-with-brain-function-during-aging
#3
Alexandra M Kueider, Yang An, Toshiko Tanaka, Melissa H Kitner-Triolo, Stephanie Studenski, Luigi Ferrucci, Madhav Thambisetty
Serum uric acid (SUA) is an abundant natural antioxidant which could reduce the burden of cellular oxidation, a major cause of neurodegenerative disease. In line with this, SUA levels are lower in those with Alzheimer's disease; however, the association between SUA and cognition remains unclear. Results from studies examining the effects of SUA on cognition may be difficult to interpret in the context of normal versus pathological aging. This study examined sex-specific associations of baseline SUA with cognition during aging...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913416/using-focused-laboratory-management-and-quality-improvement-projects-to-enhance-resident-training-and-foster-scholarship
#4
Matthew D Krasowski, Bradley A Ford, J Stacey Klutts, Chris S Jensen, Angela S Briggs, Robert A Robinson, Leslie A Bruch, Nitin J Karandikar
Training in patient safety, quality, and management is widely recognized as an important element of graduate medical education. These concepts have been intertwined in pathology graduate medical education for many years, although training programs face challenges in creating explicit learning opportunities in these fields. Tangibly involving pathology residents in management and quality improvement projects has the potential to teach and reinforce key concepts and further fulfill Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education goals for pursuing projects related to patient safety and quality improvement...
January 2017: Acad Pathol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913415/forensic-pathology-education-in-pathology-residency-a-survey-of-current-practices-a-novel-curriculum-and-recommendations-for-the-future
#5
Amanda Spencer, Wayne K Ross, Ronald E Domen
Forensic pathology is a fundamental part of anatomic pathology training during pathology residency. However, the lack of information on forensic teaching suggests the highly variable nature of forensic education. A survey of pathology residency program directors was performed to determine key aspects of their respective forensic rotations and curriculum. A total of 38.3% of programs from across the country responded, and the survey results show 5.6% don't require a forensic pathology rotation. In those that do, most forensic pathology rotations are 4 weeks long, are done at a medical examiner's office, and require set prerequisites...
January 2017: Acad Pathol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912634/posterior-hip-instability-relocation-testing-a-resident-s-case-report
#6
Rich Maas, Scott Wallentine, Dale Gerke, Sam Crager, Jessica Stewart
BACKGROUND: Micro-instability (non-radiographic clinical instability) continues to gain recognition as a problem at the hip. Although most research has been directed to anterior hip instability, posterior hip instability (PHI) has also garnered attention. PHI is under recognized, difficult to identify, and confused with other hip pathologies such as a simple sprain or strain. A novel clinical test is introduced that may have helped identify PHI in this patient. Additionally, a conservative rehabilitation approach emphasizing stabilization exercises is described...
September 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910195/elevated-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-metabolic-syndrome-is-associated-with-increased-risk-of-colorectal-adenoma
#7
Jae Hyun Kim, Kyoung Im Cho, Young A Kim, Seun Ja Park
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is an important cardiovascular risk factor for insulin resistance and has been linked to colorectal adenoma via inflammation. The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been suggested as an important inflammatory marker. We initiated this investigation to determine the relationship between colorectal adenoma and NLR in patients with MetS. METHODS: We examined participants who visited the Health Promotion Center at Kosin University Gospel Hospital, Busan, Korea...
September 14, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901868/calculable-people-standardising-assessment-guidelines-for-alzheimer-s-disease-in-1980s-britain
#8
Duncan Wilson
This article shows how funding research on Alzheimer's disease became a priority for the British Medical Research Council (MRC) in the late 1970s and 1980s, thanks to work that isolated new pathological and biochemical markers and showed that the disease affected a significant proportion of the elderly population. In contrast to histories that focus on the emergence of new and competing theories of disease causation in this period, I argue that concerns over the use of different assessment methods ensured the MRC's immediate priority was standardising the ways in which researchers identified and recorded symptoms of Alzheimer's disease in potential research subjects...
October 2017: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900573/the-effects-of-a-multimodal-rehabilitation-program-on-pain-kinesiophobia-and-function-in-a-runner-with-patellofemoral-pain
#9
Samuele Passigli, Pietro Capacci, Emanuele Volpi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Multimodal interventions possess the strongest evidence in the long-term management of patellofemoral pain, but despite receiving evidence-based treatments that are initially effective many patients report recurrent or persistent symptoms for years after the initial diagnosis. Untreated psychological factors could be a possible explanation for persistent symptoms and poor treatment outcome. The purpose of this case report was to describe and evaluate the effects of a multimodal rehabilitation program that included pain education, a graded program of lower limb strengthening, and running retraining on pain, kinesiophobia, and function in a runner with patellofemoral pain...
August 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895796/prevalence-and-severity-of-fatigue-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-acquired-brain-injury-a-nationwide-study
#10
Anne Norup, Susanne Wulff Svendsen, Karoline Doser, Trine Okkerstrøm Ryttersgaard, Nicole Frandsen, Louise Gade, Hysse Birgitte Forchhammer
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and severity of fatigue in adolescents and young adults with acquired brain injury (ABI) compared with healthy controls (HCs) and to examine associations between fatigue and gender, age and level of education. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 15-30 year old patients with ABI and a convenience sample of 15-30 year old HCs. All participants completed the 20-item Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory (MFI-20). Pathological fatigue was defined as "General Fatigue" ≥12...
September 12, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893632/patients-experiences-with-extramammary-paget-s-disease-an-online-pilot-study-querying-a-patient-support-group
#11
Paul H Chung, Jeremy T Kampp, Bryan B Voelzke
OBJECTIVE: To illustrate the heterogeneous care delivered to patients with Extramammary Paget's Disease (EMPD), a rare and lethal malignancy with poorly described treatment methodologies, by characterizing the clinical and pathological characteristics of an international patient support group. METHODS: Institutional review board approval was obtained to develop and distribute a non-validated survey to patients from an international, online EMPD support group. The survey was developed to capture patient clinical and pathological details and was distributed between January 2017 and February 2017...
September 8, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893532/passport-to-pathology-transforming-the-medical-student-pathology-elective-from-a-passive-educational-experience-to-an-exciting-immersive-clinical-rotation
#12
EDITORIAL
Paras S Minhas, Imarhia E Enogieru, Richard N Mitchell, Douglas A Mata
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892405/to-screen-or-not-to-screen-vitamin-d-deficiency-in-chronic-mental-illness
#13
Ivana Goluza, Jay Borchard, Nalin Wijesinghe, Kishan Wijesinghe, Nagesh Pai
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the current study was to examine the pathology test utilisation of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) within an Australian inpatient psychiatric setting. METHOD: A retrospective audit of 300 random hospital files of those admitted as inpatients between Nov 2014 and Nov 2015 was undertaken. Data was quantitatively analysed and described. RESULTS: The number of inpatients who had a vitamin D determination during their admission was 37/300 (12...
September 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891848/adjuvant-chemotherapy-after-preoperative-chemoradiation-improves-survival-in-patients-with-locally-advanced-rectal-cancer
#14
Zhifei Sun, Brian Gilmore, Mohamed A Adam, Jina Kim, Shiao-Wen D Hsu, John Migaly, Christopher R Mantyh
BACKGROUND: Practice guidelines differ in their support of adjuvant chemotherapy use in patients who received preoperative chemoradiation for rectal cancer. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of adjuvant chemotherapy among patients with locally advanced rectal cancer who received neoadjuvant chemoradiation and surgery. DESIGN: This was a retrospective study. Multivariable Cox proportional hazard modeling was used to evaluate the adjusted survival differences...
October 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891705/-why-would-doctors-from-debrecen-go-abroad-results-of-a-questionnaire
#15
Zoltán Szekanecz, Zoltán Tóth, Attila Hamar, Levente Lánczi
INTRODUCTION: Numerous beliefs have arisen in relation to the emigration of doctors. First of all, in most cases emigration has been attributed to, almost exclusively, low salaries. There are a number of non-financial issues that could possibly be more easily addressed. METHOD: In order to get closer to these issues, we sent out a 37-item questionnaire to doctors, who originally graduated from the University of Debrecen. Altogether 82 of them sent back the questionnaire...
September 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889345/knowledge-about-the-relation-between-tobacco-and-disease-and-the-attitude-toward-advising-the-cessation-of-its-consumption-among-a-group-of-spanish-dental-students
#16
Alejandro Ismael Lorenzo-Pouso, Mario Pérez-Sayáns, Daniel Pérez-López, Eva María Otero-Rey, Abel García-García, Andrés Blanco-Carrión
Tobacco is one of the leading causes of preventable death in the developed world. Smoking is associated with a large number of oral pathologies, such as cancer and periodontitis. Dental professionals can play a key role in preventing these health problems. The objectives of this study were (1) to analyze tobacco consumption habits among a group of Spanish dental students, and (2) to assess their knowledge, perceptions, and attitudes regarding procedures to help patients quit smoking. A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out at the Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry of Santiago de Compostela (Galicia, Spain)...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885082/human-papillomavirus-testing-by-veterans-administration-women-s-health-providers-are-they-adhering-to-guidelines
#17
Laura D Hallett, Megan R Gerber
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based guidelines have been created by professional societies, including the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) and American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology (ASCCP), for use of human papillomavirus (HPV) cotesting in cervical cancer screening. We investigated whether Veterans Health Administration (VA) providers at one VA medical center follow these guidelines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective chart review of women aged 21-65 who had an HPV test ordered with pap testing in fiscal year 2014 at one Veterans Administration (VA) medical center to evaluate concordance of HPV ordering with screening (USPSTF) and management (ASCCP) guidelines...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884731/-optimization-of-the-algorithm-for-the-detection-and-the-differential-non-pharmacological-correction-of-the-risk-factors-and-the-preclinical-stages-of-atherosclerosis-at-the-level-of-the-health-resort-based-primary-care
#18
M A Vartazaryan, A T Bykov, A V Chernyshev, L S Khodasevich
This article presents the results of a comparative prospective study of 276 subjects at the age between 40 and 65 years presenting with risk factors (RF) of atherosclerosis and its preclinical stages (APC). All of them were reckoned to be at a moderate risk of developing APC based on the results of evaluation with the use of the SCORE scale which implied the necessity of their differential non-pharmacological treatment during a two-year period with the application of a variety of preventive therapeutic strategies...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882606/managing-spine-surgery-referrals-the-consultation-of-neurosurgery-and-its-nuances
#19
B Debono, P Sabatier, A Koudsie, K Buffenoir, O Hamel
INTRODUCTION: Spinal disorders, particularly low back pain, are among the most common reasons for general practitioner (GP) consultation and can sometimes be a source of professional friction. Despite their frequency and published guidelines, many patients are still mistakenly referred by their GP to specialists for spinal surgery consultation which can create colleague relationship problems, suboptimal or unnessary delayed care, as well as the financial implications for patients. PURPOSE: To assess the management of GP lumbar spine referrals made to 4 neurosurgeons from 3 neurosurgical teams specialized in spinal surgery...
September 4, 2017: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880984/association-of-a-perioperative-education-program-with-unplanned-readmission-following-total-laryngectomy
#20
Evan M Graboyes, Dorina Kallogjeri, Jan Zerega, Sara Kukuljan, Linda Neal, Kelsey M Rosenquist, Brian Nussenbaum
Importance: Patients undergoing total laryngectomy (TL) are at high risk for 30-day hospital readmission. Strategies to decrease the readmission rate remain unknown. Objectives: To assess the association of a comprehensive perioperative TL education program with unplanned readmissions; to determine the program's association with the rate of readmissions for stomal or tracheoesophageal puncture (TEP) complications and patient and caregiver knowledge of and preparedness for TL...
September 7, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
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