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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145428/abnormal-brain-white-matter-microstructure-is-associated-with-both-pre-hypertension-and-hypertension
#1
Hideaki Suzuki, He Gao, Wenjia Bai, Evangelos Evangelou, Ben Glocker, Declan P O'Regan, Paul Elliott, Paul M Matthews
OBJECTIVES: To characterize effects of chronically elevated blood pressure on the brain, we tested for brain white matter microstructural differences associated with normotension, pre-hypertension and hypertension in recently available brain magnetic resonance imaging data from 4659 participants without known neurological or psychiatric disease (62.3±7.4 yrs, 47.0% male) in UK Biobank. METHODS: For assessment of white matter microstructure, we used measures derived from neurite orientation dispersion and density imaging (NODDI) including the intracellular volume fraction (an estimate of neurite density) and isotropic volume fraction (an index of the relative extra-cellular water diffusion)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140146/awareness-and-attitude-towards-use-of-dietary-supplements-and-the-perceived-outcomes-among-saudi-adult-male-members-of-fitness-centers-in-saudi-arabia
#2
Hanan A Alfawaz, Soundararajan Krishnaswamy, Latifah Al-Faifi, Halima Ali Bin Atta, Mohammad Al-Shayaa, Saad A Alghanim, Nasser M Al-Daghri
Dietary supplements are believed to enhance athletic performance and/or prevent/reverse pathological states. Despite the increasing use of dietary supplements in Saudi Arabia, systematic studies in this field are lacking. This study aims to assess the relation between demographic and social characteristics and dietary supplement use among adult males in Saudi Arabia. Demographic and dietary supplements data from fitness club participants were collected through a questionnaire and Pearson Chi-square test was used to determine associations...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138215/physiology-undergraduate-degree-requirements-in-the-u-s
#3
Valerie S VanRyn, James M Poteracki, Erica A Wehrwein
Course-level learning objectives and core concepts for undergraduate physiology teaching exist. The next step is to consider how these resources fit into generalizable program-level guidelines for Bachelor of Science (BS) degrees in Physiology. In the absence of program-level guidelines for Physiology degree programs, we compiled a selective internal report to review degree requirements from 18 peer BS programs entitled "Physiology" in the United States (U.S.). There was a range of zero to three required semesters of math, physics, physics laboratory, general biology, biology laboratory, general chemistry, chemistry laboratory, organic chemistry, organic chemistry laboratory, biochemistry, biochemistry laboratory, anatomy, anatomy laboratory, core systems physiology, and physiology laboratory...
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134507/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-orthorexia-nervosa-in-a-sample-of-university-students-in-italy
#4
L Dell'Osso, Barbara Carpita, D Muti, I M Cremone, G Massimetti, E Diadema, C Gesi, C Carmassi
AIMS: Orthorexia nervosa (ON) has been recently defined as a pathological approach to feeding related to healthiness concerns and purity of food and/or feeding habits. This condition recently showed an increasing prevalence particularly among young adults. In order to investigate the prevalence of ON and its relationship with gender and nutritional style among young adults, we explored a sample of students from the University of Pisa, Italy. METHODS: Assessments included the ORTO-15 questionnaire and a socio-demographic and eating habits form...
November 13, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129310/the-journal-of-comparative-pathology-educational-trust-2017-awards
#5
EDITORIAL
M J Day
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128284/-brain-injury-knowledge-in-family-members-of-neurosurgical-patients
#6
Blanca Navarro-Main, Ana M Castaño-León, Pablo M Munarriz, Pedro A Gómez, Marcos Rios-Lago, Alfonso Lagares
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Several studies have shown misconceptions about brain injury in different populations. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge and perceptions about brain injury of family members of neurosurgical patients in our hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The participants (n=81) were relatives of patients admitted to the neurosurgery department between February and August 2016. They voluntarily completed a 19-item true-false format survey about brain injury based on a translation of other questionnaires used in previous studies from other countries (USA, Canada, UK, Ireland and New Zealand)...
November 8, 2017: Neurocirugía
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125952/getting-to-the-core-of-medicine-developing-undergraduate-forensic-medicine-and-pathology-teaching
#7
Richard Martin Jones
Teaching and learning of forensic medicine and pathology in the undergraduate medical curriculum has been in decline for decades in the UK, and yet graduates are expected to be able to recognise, and protect, those who are most vulnerable in society - i.e. at risk of abuse or neglect - a matter highly relevant to the role of the forensic medical practitioner. When Cardiff University School of Medicine created a new 'learner-centred' undergraduate curriculum, championing case-based discussion in small groups, and earlier clinical contact, residual teaching on 'the pathology of trauma' disappeared...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121195/a-national-survey-of-simulation-use-in-university-programs-in-communication-sciences-and-disorders
#8
Carol C Dudding, Elizabeth E Nottingham
Purpose: This study provides a framework for understanding the range and diversity of simulation use, along with the benefits and challenges to the growth of simulation in university programs in communication sciences and disorders (CSD) across the United States. Method: A web-based questionnaire was developed and deployed to educators in undergraduate and graduate speech-language pathology and audiology programs in the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association EdFind database (N = 309)...
November 9, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120563/diagnosing-and-managing-mild-cognitive-impairment
#9
Sophie Behrman, Vyara Valkanova, Charlotte L Allan
There has been a rapid rise in the number of people diagnosed with dementia in England from 232,000 in 2008 to 850,000 in 2014. Currently, it is estimated that the prevalence of mild cognitive impairment in adults aged 65 and over is 10-20%. It is likely that this figure will increase in line with trends in dementia diagnosis. In some cases, mild cognitive impairment may be a prodrome for dementia, and my be caused by any of the dementia pathology subtypes. The relationship between depression in the elderly and mild cognitive impairment is difficult to tease out as they are frequently comorbid conditions and both have been found to be independent risk factors for subsequent dementia: about 10% convert to dementia each year, compared with 1-2% of the general elderly population...
May 2017: Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118710/cognitive-vulnerability-in-aging-may-be-modulated-by-education-and-reserve-in-healthy-people
#10
María D Roldán-Tapia, Rosa Cánovas, Irene León, Juan García-Garcia
Aging is related to a deterioration of cognitive performance and to multiple alterations in the brain. Even before the beginning of a noticeable cognitive decline, the framework which holds cognitive function experiences these alterations. From a system-vulnerability point of view of cognition, the deterioration associated with age would be the collection of repercussions during a life. Brain function and structure are modified in a multidimensional way, which could concern different aspects like structural integrity, functional activity, connectivity, or glucose metabolism...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114732/amyloid-%C3%AE-deposition-and-suspected-non-alzheimer-pathophysiology-and-cognitive-decline-patterns-for-12-years-in-oldest-old-participants-without-dementia
#11
Yujing Zhao, Dana L Tudorascu, Oscar L Lopez, Ann D Cohen, Chester A Mathis, Howard J Aizenstein, Julie C Price, Lewis H Kuller, M Ilyas Kamboh, Steven T DeKosky, William E Klunk, Beth E Snitz
Importance: The prevalence of pathologic conditions of the brain associated with Alzheimer disease increases strongly with age. Little is known about the distribution and clinical significance of preclinical biomarker staging in the oldest old, when most individuals without dementia are likely to have positive biomarkers. Objective: To compare the patterns of long-term cognitive decline in multiple domains by preclinical biomarker status in the oldest old without dementia...
November 6, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114633/surgical-management-of-degenerative-meniscus-lesions-the-2016-esska-meniscus-consensus
#12
P Beaufils, R Becker, S Kopf, M Englund, R Verdonk, M Ollivier, R Seil
Purpose  A degenerative meniscus lesion is a slowly developing process typically involving a horizontal cleavage in a middle-aged or older person. When the knee is symptomatic, arthroscopic partial meniscectomy has been practised for a long time with many case series reporting improved patient outcomes. Since 2002, several randomised clinical trials demonstrated no additional benefit of arthroscopic partial meniscectomy compared to non-operative treatment, sham surgery or sham arthroscopic partial meniscectomy...
June 2017: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114552/introduction-to-clinical-pathology-a-brief-course-of-laboratory-medicine-in-the-field-for-medical-students
#13
Navid Omidifar, Ali Keshtkari, Mohammadreza Dehghani, Mansoureh Shokripour
OBJECTIVES: Teaching of clinical pathology to medical students has been ignored in many countries such as Iran. We aim to introduce a practical brief course and its proper timing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three groups of medical students from consecutive years of entrance passed a 1.5 working day practical course on the field. Their level of knowledge was assessed by pre- and post-tests. Their idea and satisfaction were gathered by questionnaires. RESULTS: Knowledge of students became significantly higher after the course...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114194/audiology-and-speech-language-pathology-practice-in-saudi-arabia
#14
Ahmad A Alanazi
Objectives: Audiology and speech-language pathology (SLP) are relatively new professions in Saudi Arabia. The idea of establishing new audiology and SLP programs in some education facilities has become popular across Saudi Arabia; yet, only four undergraduate and graduate programs are currently available. This study aimed to explore the fields of audiology and SLP in Saudi Arabia, obtain demography of audiologists and Speech-language pathologists (SLPs), understand their current practices, and identify their perspective on what both professions need to improve...
November 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110805/a-population-based-epidemiologic-study-of-female-sexual-dysfunction-risk-in-mainland-china-prevalence-and-predictors
#15
Chunni Zhang, Jiali Tong, Lan Zhu, Lei Zhang, Tao Xu, Jinghe Lang, Yu Xie
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic data on female sexual dysfunction in China are sparse. AIM: To assess the prevalence of risk of female sexual dysfunction in mainland China and its regional and sociodemographic variations and physiologic, pathologic, and behavioral risk factors. METHODS: A survey of the general female population was conducted in mainland China from February 2014 through January 2016. Women were randomly selected using multistage, stratified, cluster sampling...
November 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099831/predictive-value-of-computed-tomographic-screening-of-aortic-aneurysms-in-the-mexican-population-older-than-55-years
#16
Carlos A Hinojosa, Javier E Anaya-Ayala, Karla Bermúdez-Serrato, Paula Leal-Anaya, Hugo Laparra-Escareno, Adriana Torres-Machorro
Objective: To determine the prevalence of aortic aneurysm (AA) in tomographic studies in the population at risk. Methods: An observational, cross-sectional study that consisted in systematically reviewing computed tomographies (CT) of the chest and abdomen was carried out at our institution. These studies were performed for different clinical indications, we selected studies of patients older than 55 years from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2016. Descriptive statistics was completed in the studied population and linear regression model was performed to determine the relationship of AA findings and the patient's age...
2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096630/trajectories-of-physical-function-prior-to-death-and-brain-neuropathology-in-a-community-based-cohort-the-act-study
#17
Andrea Z LaCroix, Rebecca A Hubbard, Shelly L Gray, Melissa L Anderson, Paul K Crane, Joshua A Sonnen, Oleg Zaslavsky, Eric B Larson
BACKGROUND: Mechanisms linking cognitive and physical functioning in older adults are unclear. We sought to determine whether brain pathological changes relate to the level or rate of physical performance decline. METHODS: This study analyzed data from 305 participants in the autopsy subcohort of the prospective Adult Changes in Thought (ACT) study. Participants were aged 65+ and free of dementia at enrollment. Physical performance was measured at baseline and every two years using the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB)...
November 2, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096594/immunophenotyping-application-to-safety-assessment
#18
Xiaoting Wang, Hervé Lebrec
A continuing education course entitled "What You Always Wanted to Know About Immunotoxicology in Pharmaceutical Development…But Were Afraid to Ask" was offered at the Society of Toxicologic Pathology (STP) 36th annual symposium in Montreal. This article summarizes some key points made during the presentation dedicated to immunophenotyping. It describes how clusters of differentiation (CDs) are well-defined antigens used to characterize cell subsets, and how lymphocyte subsets in humans and different rodent and nonrodent species can be defined by detection of various combinations of CDs...
January 1, 2017: Toxicologic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093769/hand-held-ultrasound-scanners-in-medical-education-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Victor Galusko, Mohammed Yunus Khanji, Owen Bodger, Clive Weston, John Chambers, Adrian Ionescu
Background: Ultrasound imaging devices are becoming popular in clinical and teaching settings, but there is no systematic information on their use in medical education. We conducted a systematic review of hand-held ultrasound (HHU) devices in undergraduate medical education to delineate their role, significance, and limitations. Methods: We searched Cochrane, PubMed, Embase, and Medline using the strategy: [(Hand-held OR Portable OR Pocket OR "Point of Care Systems") AND Ultrasound] AND (Education OR Training OR Undergraduate OR "Medical Students" OR "Medical School")...
September 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083262/-more-effort-and-more-time-considerations-in-the-establishment-of-interprofessional-education-programs-in-the-workplace
#20
Fiona Kent, Katrina Nankervis, Christina Johnson, Marisa Hodgkinson, Julie Baulch, Terry Haines
The argument for integrating interprofessional education (IPE) activities into the workplace has been made concurrently with the call for collaborative clinical practice. An exploratory case study investigation of existing activities in a large metropolitan health care network was undertaken to inform the development of future IPE initiatives. Purposive sampling invited clinicians involved in the design or delivery of workplace IPE activities to participate in a semi-structured interview to discuss their existing programs and the opportunities and challenges facing future work...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
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