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Mahdi Shahmoradi, Michael V Swain
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to characterize the mineral density parameters through natural enamel brown spot lesions (BSLs) and to visualize and map their mineral distribution pattern in comparison to enamel white-spot lesions (WSLs). METHODS: Study specimens included seventeen proximal WSLs (ICDAS 1, 2), seventeen proximal BSLs and seventeen sound proximal specimens (ICDAS 0) collected from The Oral Surgery Department at Sydney Dental Hospital, Sydney, Australia...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
Marcela C Rodrigues, Tathy A Xavier, Victor E Arana-Chavez, Roberto R Braga
Dicalcium phosphate dihydrate particles functionalized with triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate were synthesized and added to a photocurable mixture of bisphenol-A glycidyl dimethacrylate and triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate with the purpose of developing a resin composite capable of releasing calcium and phosphate ions to foster dental remineralization. Particle functionalization would minimize the deleterious effect of adding low cohesive strength nano-structured particles with no chemical interaction with the organic matrix on the material's mechanical properties...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
Asli Baysal, Seher Nazlı Ulusoy, Tancan Uysal
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this 2-arm parallel trial was to evaluate enamel demineralization after rapid maxillary expansion (RME) compared with an untreated control group using quantitative light-induced fluorescence. METHODS: Thirty-six patients who needed RME as part of their orthodontic treatment were separated randomly into either the control group or the intervention group (RME). Eligibility criteria included crossbite, no previous orthodontic treatment, no systemic disease, and all permanent teeth erupted except second and third molars...
November 2016: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Rahul Gaybarao Naik, Arun Suresh Dodamani, Mahesh Ravindra Khairnar, Harish Chaitram Jadhav, Manjiri Abhay Deshmukh
OBJECTIVES: Glass ionomer cements (GICs), which are biocompatible and adhesive to the tooth surface, are widely used nowadays for tooth restoration. They inhibit the demineralization and promote the remineralization of the tooth structure adjacent to the restoration, as well as interfere with bacterial growth. Hence, the present study was conducted to assess and compare the antimicrobial activity of three commercially available GICs against two cariogenic bacteria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An agar plate diffusion test was used for evaluating the antimicrobial effect of three different GICs (Fuji IX, Ketac Molar, and d-tech) on Streptococcus mutans (S...
November 2016: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
Ashna Kapoor, K R Indushekar, Bhavna G Saraf, Neha Sheoran, Divesh Sardana
INTRODUCTION: Dentifrices are available in different formulations and more commonly a single dentifrice is used by whole family; be it an adult or child. However, concerns over high fluoride in pediatric formulations coupled with inability of the children to spit have led to recommendations to minimize fluoride ingestion during toothbrushing by using a small amount of toothpaste by children and incorporating minimal quantity of fluoride in the toothpastes. Literature is scarce on the remineralization potential of popularly known Indian pediatric dentifrices; hence, pediatric dentifrices containing lesser concentration of fluoride have been marketed relatively recently for the benefit of children without posing a threat of chronic fluoride toxicity at the same time...
July 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Hui-Ping Lin, Jun Lin, Juan Li, Jing-Hong Xu, Christian Mehl
Resin-dentin bond degradation is a major cause of restoration failures. The major aim of the current study was to evaluate the impact of a remineralization medium on collagen matrices of hybrid layers of three different adhesive resins using nanotechnology methods. Coronal dentin surfaces were prepared from freshly extracted premolars and bonded to composite resin using three adhesive resins (FluoroBond II, Xeno-III-Bond, and iBond). From each tooth, two central slabs were selected for the study. The slabs used as controls were immersed in a simulated body fluid (SBF)...
2016: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
Danijela Marović, Kristina Šariri, Nazif Demoli, Mira Ristić, Karl-Anton Hiller, Drago Škrtić, Martin Rosentritt, Gottfried Schmalz, Zrinka Tarle
AIM: To determine if the addition of inert fillers to a bioactive dental restorative composite material affects its degree of conversion (DC), polymerization shrinkage (PS), and microhardness (HV). METHODS: Three amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP)-based composite resins: without added fillers (0-ACP), with 10% of barium-glass fillers (Ba-ACP), and with 10% of silica fillers (Si-ACP), as well as commercial control (Ceram•X, Dentsply DeTrey) were tested in laboratory conditions...
October 31, 2016: Croatian Medical Journal
Richard Keil
Carbon preservation in marine sediments, supplemented by that in large lakes, is the primary mechanism that moves carbon from the active surficial carbon cycle to the slower geologic carbon cycle. Preservation rates are low relative to the rates at which carbon moves between surface pools, which has led to the preservation term largely being ignored when evaluating anthropogenic forcing of the global carbon cycle. However, a variety of anthropogenic drivers-including ocean warming, deoxygenation, and acidification, as well as human-induced changes in sediment delivery to the ocean and mixing and irrigation of continental margin sediments-all work to decrease the already small carbon preservation term...
November 2, 2016: Annual Review of Marine Science
Xian-Ju Xie, Dan Xing, Lin Wang, Han Zhou, Michael D Weir, Yu-Xing Bai, Hockin Hk Xu
White spot lesions (WSLs), due to enamel demineralization, occur frequently in orthodontic treatment. We recently developed a novel rechargeable dental composite containing nanoparticles of amorphous calcium phosphate (NACP) with long-term calcium (Ca) and phosphate (P) ion release and caries-inhibiting capability. The objectives of this study were to develop the first NACP-rechargeable orthodontic cement and investigate the effects of recharge duration and frequency on the efficacy of ion re-release. The rechargeable cement consisted of pyromellitic glycerol dimethacrylate (PMGDM) and ethoxylated bisphenol A dimethacrylate (EBPADMA)...
November 4, 2016: International Journal of Oral Science
Eliana M Takeshita, Marcelle Danelon, Luciene P Castro, Robson F Cunha, Alberto C B Delbem
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of a low-fluoride (F) toothpaste supplemented with sodium trimetaphosphate (TMP) on enamel remineralization in situ. DESIGN: Bovine enamel blocks were selected on the basis of their surface hardness (SH) after caries-like lesions had been induced, and randomly divided into 4 treatment groups, according to the toothpastes used: without F or TMP (placebo); 500 ppm F; 500 ppm F plus 1% TMP; and 1,100 ppm F. The study design was blinded and crossover and performed in 4 phases of 3 days each...
November 4, 2016: Caries Research
Ling Zhang, Michael D Weir, Laurence C Chow, Mark A Reynolds, Hockin H K Xu
White spot lesions (WSL) due to enamel demineralization are major complications for orthodontic treatments. Calcium phosphate (CaP) dental resins with Ca and P ion releases are promising for remineralization. However, previous Ca and P releases lasted for only weeks. Experimental orthodontic cements were developed using pyromellitic glycerol dimethacrylate (PMGDM) and ethoxylated bisphenol A dimethacrylate (EBPADMA) at mass ratio of 1:1 (PE); and PE plus 10% of 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) and 5% of bisphenol A glycidyl dimethacrylate (BisGMA) (PEHB)...
November 3, 2016: Scientific Reports
G Schmalz, F Hellwig, R F Mausberg, H Schneider, F Krause, R Haak, D Ziebolz
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate dentin protection of different desensitizing varnishes (light- and self-curing) during acid action/abrasion stress and thermocyclic loading in vitro. METHODS: Dentin discs of 2 mm thickness were cut from 120 human molars, embedded, and polished. Specimens were randomized into five groups (n=24): A, negative control; B, Gluma Desensitizer; C, Cervitec plus (self-curing); D, Seal&Protect; and E, Admira Protect (light-curing)...
November 1, 2016: Operative Dentistry
A B Borges, T M F Caneppele, D Masterson, L C Maia
OBJECTIVES: To determine if resin infiltration is an effective treatment for improving the esthetic appearance of tooth discoloration resulting from development defects of enamel (EDD) and white spot lesions (WSL) by means of a systematic review. DATA SOURCES: A comprehensive search was performed in PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, LILACS, BBO Library, Cochrane Library, and SIGLE, as well as in the abstracts of IADR conference, and in the clinical trials registry...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
Daniele Mara da Silva Ávila, Rayssa Ferreira Zanatta, Tais Scaramucci, Idalina Vieira Aoki, Carlos Rocha Gomes Torres, Alessandra Bühler Borges
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated if the incorporation of the bioadhesive polymers Carbopol 980, Carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC), and Aristoflex AVC in a fluoridated solution (NaF-900ppm) would increase the solution's protective effect against enamel erosion. METHODS: Enamel specimens were submitted to a 5-day de-remineralization cycling model, consisting of 2min immersions in 0.3% citric acid (6x/day), 1min treatments with the polymers (associated or not with fluoride), and 60min storage in artificial saliva...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
Christin Säwström, Glenn A Hyndes, Bradley D Eyre, Megan J Huggett, Matthew W Fraser, Paul S Lavery, Paul G Thomson, Flavia Tarquinio, Peter D Steinberg, Bonnie Laverock
The transfer of organic material from one coastal environment to another can increase production in recipient habitats in a process known as spatial subsidy. Microorganisms drive the generation, transformation, and uptake of organic material in shallow coastal environments, but their significance in connecting coastal habitats through spatial subsidies has received limited attention. We address this by presenting a conceptual model of coastal connectivity that focuses on the flow of microbially mediated organic material in key coastal habitats...
September 2016: Ecology and Evolution
Jasmine S Berg, Dolma Michellod, Petra Pjevac, Clara Martinez-Perez, Caroline R T Buckner, Philipp F Hach, Carsten J Schubert, Jana Milucka, Marcel M M Kuypers
Iron redox reactions play an important role in carbon remineralization, supporting large microbial communities in iron-rich terrestrial and aquatic sediments. Stratified water columns with comparably low iron concentrations are globally widespread, but microbial iron cycling in these systems has largely been ignored. We found evidence for unexpectedly high iron turnover rates in the low (1-2 µmol·l(-1) ) iron waters of Lake Cadagno. Light-dependent, biological iron oxidation rates (1.4-13.8 µmol·l(-1) ·d(-1) ) were even higher than in ferruginous lakes with well-studied microbial iron cycles...
October 21, 2016: Environmental Microbiology
Piyaphong Panpisut, Saad Liaqat, Eleni Zacharaki, Wendy Xia, Haralampos Petridis, Anne Margaret Young
PURPOSE: This study developed light cured dental composites with added monocalcium phosphate monohydrate (MCPM), tristrontium phosphate (TSrP) and antimicrobial polylysine (PLS). The aim was to produce composites that have enhanced water sorption induced expansion, can promote apatite precipitation and release polylysine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Experimental composite formulations consisted of light activated dimethacrylate monomers combined with 80 wt% powder. The powder phase contained a dental glass with and without PLS (2...
2016: PloS One
Patricia M Valdespino-Castillo, Rocío J Alcántara-Hernández, Martín Merino-Ibarra, Javier Alcocer, Miroslav Macek, Octavio A Moreno-Guillén, Luisa I Falcón
Microbes can modulate ecosystem function since they harbor a vast genetic potential for biogeochemical cycling. The spatial and temporal dynamics of this genetic diversity should be acknowledged to establish a link between ecosystem function and community structure. In this study, we analyzed the genetic diversity of bacterial phosphorus utilization genes in two microbial assemblages, microbialites and bacterioplankton of Lake Alchichica, a semiclosed (i.e., endorheic) system with marked seasonality that varies in nutrient conditions, temperature, dissolved oxygen, and water column stability...
October 10, 2016: Microbial Ecology
Xiaowen Wu, Suntharavathanan Mahalingam, Sarah Kay VanOosten, Cate Wisdom, Candan Tamerler, Mohan Edirisinghe
Aligned poly(l-lactide)/poly(methyl methacrylate) binary blend fibers and mats loaded with a chimeric green fluorescence protein having a bioactive peptide with hydroxyapatite binding and mineralization property are prepared by pressurized gyration. The effect of processing parameters on the product morphologies, and the shape memory properties of these samples are investigated. Integration of hydroxyapatite nanoparticles into the fiber assembly is self-directed using the hydroxyapatite-binding property of the peptide genetically engineered to green fluorescence protein...
September 26, 2016: Macromolecular Bioscience
Angelos K Hannides, Robert C Aller
Mucous gels are produced by benthic animals rapidly and in copious amounts, and consequently they are a possible priming substrate whose addition in modest amounts may affect sedimentary organic matter (SOM) remineralization. The priming effect of benthic infaunal mucus was tested using mucus of the common gastropod Neverita duplicata as model substrate. Its composition is typical of marine molluscan mucus, consisting primarily of water (>96% by weight). Salt-free dry weight constitutes 0.7% of total mucus...
September 2016: Limnology and Oceanography
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