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Remineralization

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333778/-remineralization-effect-of-casein-phosphopeptide-amorphous-calcium-phosphate-for-enamel-demineralization-a-system-review
#1
Wang Xiaotong, Rao Nanquan, Xie Jing, Zhao Yuming, Ge Lihong
OBJECTIVE: This study  aims  to  assess  the  remineralization effect of casein phosphopeptide (CPP)-amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP) on enamel demineralization by  performing  system review of  randomized  controlled  trials (RCT)  involving  the  treatment of enamel demineralization with  CPP-ACP. METHODS: The  study  was  developed  based  on  the 
Cochrane handbook  for  systematic  reviews of  interventions (Version 5...
December 1, 2017: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329672/there-are-probably-no-differences-in-arrest-of-white-spot-lesions-and-plaque-composition-between-remineralizing-and-nonfluoridated-toothpastes
#2
Romina Brignardello-Petersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 4, 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323776/remineralization-of-natural-human-carious-dentin-lesions-with-an-experimental-whisker-reinforced-atraumatic-restorative-treatment-composite
#3
Chao Zhang, Stephen D Campbell, Sabine H Dickens, Bin Yang
PURPOSE: To evaluate the remineralization of natural human dentin caries with an experimental whisker-reinforced Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART) composite. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Teeth with moderate active dentin caries were prepared with caries-disclosing dye and hand instruments, restored with ART or resin-modified glass ionomer cement (RM-GIC), and then wet sliced into 120-μm sections with 15 sections in each group. After taking transverse microradiographs and implementing digital image analysis to determine the "mineral-loss-before," each section was incubated in artificial saliva solution (pH = 7...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303123/comparative-evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-tricalcium-phosphate-calcium-sodium-phosphosilicate-and-casein-phosphopeptide-amorphous-calcium-phosphate-in-reducing-streptococcus-mutans-levels-in-saliva
#4
V Samuel, M Ramakrishnan, H S Halawany, N B Abraham, V Jacob, S Anil
BACKGROUND: There are only limited studies that have determined the antibacterial effects of various remineralizing agents that can be beneficial to children. AIM: The aim of this study is to compare the efficacy of tricalcium phosphate (TCP), calcium sodium phosphosilicate (CSP), and casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) enhanced with fluoride in reducing the Streptococcus mutans (SM) levels in saliva of children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Out of 245 children, 120 of them with SM colony forming units (CFU)/ml in the range of 104-106/ml of saliva were assigned to four groups: (I) TCP; (II) CSP; (III) CPP-ACP enhanced with fluoride; and (IV) control...
November 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301123/a-randomized-in-situ-clinical-study-of-fluoride-dentifrices-on-enamel-remineralization-and-resistance-to-demineralization-effects-of-zinc
#5
Jonathan E Creeth, Ritu Karwal, Anderson T Hara, Domenick T Zero
This study aimed to determine the effect of zinc ions and F concentration in a dentifrice on remineralization of early caries lesions in situ and on resistance to subsequent demineralization. This was a single-center, 6-period, 6-product, blinded (examiner, subject, analyst), randomized (n = 62), crossover study. Products (all NaF) were: 0, 250, 1,150 and 1,426 ppm F (dose-response controls), "Zn-A" (0.3% ZnCl2, 1,426 ppm F), and "Zn-B" (as Zn-A, with high-foaming surfactants) in a conventional silica base...
January 5, 2018: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299732/mi-varnish-and-mi-paste-plus-in-a-caries-prevention-and-remineralization-study-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Peter Rechmann, Sona Bekmezian, Beate M T Rechmann, Benjamin W Chaffee, John D B Featherstone
OBJECTIVES: White spot lesions (WSLs) are a complication of orthodontic therapy. This study investigated the effect of MI (minimally invasive) Paste Plus (MIPP) and MI Varnish (MIV) on WSLs in orthodontic patients during a 12-month, randomized, single-blind, prospective, standard-of-care controlled clinical trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty subjects, recruited from the UCSF School of Dentistry Orthodontics Clinic, were randomly assigned to the experimental (twice-daily 1100 ppm fluoride toothpaste, daily MIPP, quarterly MIV application) or control group (twice-daily 1100 ppm fluoride toothpaste, fluoride rinse recommendation)...
January 4, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285031/efficacy-of-modified-bioactive-glass-for-dentin-remineralization-and-obstruction-of-dentinal-tubules
#7
Mahshid Saffarpour, Maryam Mohammadi, Mohammadreza Tahriri, Azadeh Zakerzadeh
Objectives: This study assessed the efficacy of modified bioactive glass (MBG) for dentin remineralization and obstruction of dentinal tubules. Materials and Methods: Thirty-six dentin discs were made from 20 third molars and were stored in 12% lactic acid solution for two weeks to induce demineralization. The samples were divided into three groups (n=12): 1- BG, 2- BG modified with 5% strontium (Sr) and 3- BG modified with 10% Sr. After applying the BG, the samples were stored in artificial saliva for 7, 14 and 21 days...
July 2017: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284982/erosion-infiltration-technique-a-novel-alternative-for-masking-enamel-white-spot-lesion
#8
Praveen Muthuvel, Aarthi Ganapathy, Mohan Kumar Subramaniam, Vanita D Revankar
Enamel White spot lesions are early signs of demineralization under the intact enamel, which may or may not lead to the development of caries. An inactive white spot lesion might act as an arrested dental caries and impair the esthetic appearance by displaying a milky white color from its interior opacity. The first choice of treatment is remineralization with various remineralizing agents such as fluoride and ACP-CCP. Caries infiltration is a less invasive and effective method for arresting the white spot lesions...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284958/evaluation-of-microhardness-of-residual-dentin-in-primary-molars-following-caries-removal-with-conventional-and-chemomechanical-techniques-an-in-vitro-study
#9
A Shihab Anwar, R Krishna Kumar, V Arun Prasad Rao, N Venugopal Reddy, V J Reshma
Background: Many patients consider removal of caries to be a very unpleasant experience. Removal of caries with conventional drill is considered traumatic mainly due to fear and anxiety of children and their parents. Minimally invasive dentistry adopts a philosophy that integrates prevention, remineralization, and minimal intervention for the placement and replacement of restorations, thus reaching the treatment objective using the least invasive surgical approach, with the removal of the minimal amount of healthy tissues...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248941/evaluation-of-an-experimental-remineralizing-agent-for-repairing-enamel-surfaces
#10
Margarita V Úsuga Vacca, Carolina Torres-Rodríguez, Edgar Delgado-Mejía
The best material for repairing enamel surface defects is one very similar to the original enamel and which interacts with natural remineralization mechanisms. It does not repair extensive damage, so in order to fill large defects, external help is required using phosphocalcic ceramic composites that activate salivary remineralization efficiently though on smaller in scale. Effective adhesion of the repair may depend on the amount of aqueous fluids present in the enamel, which apparently enable nucleation and growth of new minerals to ensure adhesion and stability...
August 2017: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238413/remineralization-strategies-in-oral-hygiene-a-position-paper-of-italian-society-of-oral-hygiene-sciences-s-i-s-i-o-working-group
#11
Consuelo Sanavia, Marco Tatullo, Jessica Bassignani, Silvia Cotellessa, Giulia Fantozzi, Giovanna Acito, Alessia Iommiello, Lorella Chiavistelli, Alessia Iommiello, Silvia Sabatini, Gianna Maria Nardi
Background/Objective: The clinical conditions that lead to an alteration of the enamel structure are numerous. The diet high in sugars and acidifying substances, psychological stress that triggers parafunctional behaviors, the reduced intake of fiber-rich foods or alkalizing substances, together with other factors, contribute to demineralization of the tooth enamel. Dental mineralizing products on the current market are distinguished according to the dosage form, the active ingredient, the release technology, clinical indications and patient choice...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233539/effect-of-tetracalcium-phosphate-monetite-toothpaste-on-dentin-remineralization-and-tubule-occlusion-in-vitro
#12
L Medvecky, R Stulajterova, M Giretova, J Mincik, M Vojtko, J Balko, J Briancin
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the tubule occlusion and remineralization potential of a novel toothpaste with active tetracalcium phosphate/monetite mixtures under de/remineralization cycling. METHODS: Dentin de/remineralization cycling protocol consisted of demineralization in 1% citric acid at pH 4.6 with following remineralization with toothpastes and soaking in artificial saliva. Effectiveness of toothpastes to promote remineralization was evaluated by measurement of microhardness recovery, analysis of surface roughness, thickness of coating and scanning electron microscopy...
December 9, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225592/bacterial-succession-on-sinking-particles-in-the-ocean-s-interior
#13
Erik A Pelve, Kristina M Fontanez, Edward F DeLong
Sinking particles formed in the photic zone and moving vertically through the water column are a main mechanism for nutrient transport to the deep ocean, and a key component of the biological carbon pump. The particles appear to be processed by a microbial community substantially different from the surrounding waters. Single cell genomics and metagenomics were employed to describe the succession of dominant bacterial groups during particle processing. Sinking particles were extracted from sediment traps at Station Aloha in the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre (NPSG) during two different trap deployments conducted in July and August 2012...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211951/a-double-blinded-randomized-study-evaluating-the-in-vivo-effects-of-a-novel-dental-gel-on-enamel-surface-microstructure-and-microhardness
#14
Afarin Golabgir Anbarani, Jessica Ho, Thinh Hung Vu, Ali Forghany, Tracie Lam, Erisa Khashai, Karan Sahni, Thair Takesh, Petra Wilder-Smith
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the in vivo effects of a 2.6% edathamil gel (Livionex® Dental Gel) on surface microhardness and microstructure in 180 pre-eroded enamel chips. METHODS: This was a double-blind, randomized study. Two enamel chips each were cut from 90 healthy sterilized extracted teeth. One chip from each pair underwent microhardness testing and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) to establish baselines. The remaining 90 samples were demineralized, and then mounted onto intra-oral retainers worn by nine subjects, with five chips mounted on each retainer for each of the two study arms...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211949/fluoride-uptake-profiles-of-selected-european-toothpastes-into-hard-tissues-and-plaque
#15
Joel Moore, Eva Schneiderman, Teresa Farmer, Marianne Zsiska
OBJECTIVES: To compare the fluoridating potential of selected European toothpastes using a combination of enamel, dentin, and plaque in vitromodels. METHODS: Four in vitromodels were included: 1) Enamel Fluoride (F) Uptake (EFU); 2) Dentin F Uptake (DFU); 3) Enamel Solubility Reduction (ESR); and 4) Plaque F Uptake (PFU). A core set of marketed products was included in all studies, plus a standard toothpaste (1100 ppm F as NaF/silica) and placebo control (the PFU study did not include a placebo control)...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211281/effect-of-fluoride-dentifrice-and-casein-phosphopeptide-amorphous-calcium-phosphate-cream-with-and-without-fluoride-in-preventing-enamel-demineralization-in-a-ph-cyclic-study
#16
Priscila de Pinto Sinfiteli, Thereza Christina Lopes Coutinho, Patrícia Regina Almeida de Oliveira, Wesley Felisberto Vasques, Leandra Matos Azevedo, André Maues Brabo Pereira, Monica Almeida Tostes
OBJECTIVE: Casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) complexes are anticariogenic and capable of remineralizing the early stages of enamel lesions. The use of fluoride prevents dental decay and the association of CPP-ACP with fluoride can increase remineralization. To evaluate the effect of CPP-ACP and CPP-ACPF creams associated with a fluoride dentifrice to prevent enamel demineralization in a pH cyclic model. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Previously selected by surface microhardness (SH) analysis, human enamel blocks (n = 56) were submitted to daily treatment with dentifrice in a pH-cycling model...
November 2017: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211280/in-vitro-effect-of-amorphous-calcium-phosphate-paste-applied-for-extended-periods-of-time-on-enamel-remineralization
#17
Ana Elisa de Mello Vieira, Marcelle Danelon, Danielle Mendes da Camara, Eliana Rodrigues Rosselli, Stuart R Stock, Mark L Cannon, Xianghui Xiao, Francesco De Carlo, Alberto Carlos Botazzo Delbem
OBJECTIVES: Dental applications based on the unique characteristics of amorphous calcium phosphate stabilized by casein phosphopeptides (CPP-ACP) have been proposed, as well as the improvement of its properties. The objective of this study was to determine the ability of topically applied CPP-ACP from a commercial product to remineralize subsurface lesions when applied for extended periods of time (3 h and 8 h). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Artificially induced carious lesions were produced in 50 bovine enamel blocks previously selected by surface hardness...
November 2017: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211131/in-vitro-evaluation-of-the-remineralizing-potential-and-antimicrobial-activity-of-a-cariostatic-agent-with-silver-nanoparticles
#18
Beatriz Brandão Scarpelli, Marília Franco Punhagui, Márcio Grama Hoeppner, Ricardo Sergio Couto de Almeida, Felipe Augusto Juliani, Ricardo Danil Guiraldo, Sandrine Bittencourt Berger
Cariostatic treatment has been shown to successfully arrest caries. However, it blackens the carious tooth structure. This study evaluated the effects of an experimental cariostatic agent with silver nanoparticles (Ag-Nano) using microhardness (MH) and microbiological tests. The cariostatic agents tested were: Saforide®, Cariestop®, Ancarie® and Ag-Nano. Sixty-six samples from deciduous enamel were submitted to initial (after pH cycling to obtain initial caries-like lesion) and final (after cariostatic application) MH testing and %MH values were calculated...
November 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207844/impact-of-nano-hydroxyapatite-nano-silver-fluoride-and-sodium-fluoride-varnish-on-primary-teeth-enamel-remineralization-an-in-vitro-study
#19
Ali Nozari, Shabnam Ajami, Azade Rafiei, Elmira Niazi
Introduction: Dental caries is still prevailing worldwide, although different anti caries products have been introduced. Each remineralizing agent has its own shortcomings. Therefore, looking for new agents to have benefits of previous ones with lesser side effects is worthwhile. Aim: To determine the remineralization ability of NaF varnish, nano-Hydroxyapatite Serum (n-HAP) and Nano Silver Fluoride (NSF) on enamel of primary anterior teeth. Materials and Methods: Incipient caries were induced in primary sound anterior teeth by storing each specimen in demineralization solution for 72 hours...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202032/biomass-recycling-and-earth-s-early-phosphorus-cycle
#20
Michael A Kipp, Eva E Stüeken
Phosphorus sets the pace of marine biological productivity on geological time scales. Recent estimates of Precambrian phosphorus levels suggest a severe deficit of this macronutrient, with the depletion attributed to scavenging by iron minerals. We propose that the size of the marine phosphorus reservoir was instead constrained by muted liberation of phosphorus during the remineralization of biomass. In the modern ocean, most biomass-bound phosphorus gets aerobically recycled; but a dearth of oxidizing power in Earth's early oceans would have limited the stoichiometric capacity for remineralization, particularly during the Archean...
November 2017: Science Advances
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