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Michelle P Black, Christopher H Skinner, Bethany E Forbes, Merilee McCurdy, Mari Beth Coleman, Kristie Davis, Maripat Gettelfinger
Adapted alternating treatments designs were used to evaluate three computer-based flashcard reading interventions (1-s, 3-s, or 5-s response intervals) across two students with disabilities. When learning was plotted with cumulative instructional sessions on the horizontal axis, the session-series graphs suggest that the interventions were similarly effective. When the same data were plotted as a function of cumulative instructional seconds, time-series graphs suggest that the 1-s intervention caused the most rapid learning for one student...
March 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
David L Lamar, Michael L Richardson, Blake Carlson
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The process of education involves a variety of repetitious tasks. We believe that appropriate computer tools can automate many of these chores, and allow both educators and their students to devote a lot more of their time to actual teaching and learning. This paper details tools that we have used to automate a broad range of academic radiology-specific tasks on Mac OS X, iOS, and Windows platforms. Some of the tools we describe here require little expertise or time to use; others require some basic knowledge of computer programming...
July 2016: Academic Radiology
Sha Huang, Aadya Deshpande, Sing-Chen Yeo, June C Lo, Michael W L Chee, Joshua J Gooley
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The ability to recall facts is improved when learning takes place at spaced intervals, or when sleep follows shortly after learning. However, many students cram for exams and trade sleep for other activities. The aim of this study was to examine the interaction of study spacing and time in bed (TIB) for sleep on vocabulary learning in adolescents. METHODS: In the Need for Sleep Study, which used a parallel-group design, 56 adolescents aged 15-19 years were randomly assigned to a week of either 5 h or 9 h of TIB for sleep each night as part of a 14-day protocol conducted at a boarding school...
2016: Sleep
Maureen McAndrew, Christina S Morrow, Lindsey Atiyeh, Gaëlle C Pierre
Self-testing, a strategy wherein a student actively engages in creating questions and answers from study materials to assist with studying, has been found to be especially advantageous because it enhances future retrieval of information. Studies have found correlations among students' grade point averages (GPAs), self-testing, and rereading study strategies, as well as the spacing of study sessions over time. The aim of this study was to assess relationships among dental students' study strategies, scheduling of study time, and academic achievement...
May 2016: Journal of Dental Education
Mirta Menegatti, Mario Pirisi, Mattia Bellan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: European Journal of Internal Medicine
Anna Ashworth, Catherine M Hill, Annette Karmiloff-Smith, Dagmara Dimitriou
Sleep plays an active role in memory consolidation. Because children with Down syndrome (DS) and Williams syndrome (WS) experience significant problems with sleep and also with learning, we predicted that sleep-dependent memory consolidation would be impaired in these children when compared to typically developing (TD) children. This is the first study to provide a cross-syndrome comparison of sleep-dependent learning in school-aged children. Children with DS (n = 20) and WS (n = 22) and TD children (n = 33) were trained on the novel Animal Names task where they were taught pseudo-words as the personal names of ten farm and domestic animals, e...
December 22, 2015: Developmental Science
Laura Turner, Bridget Kelly, Emma Boyland, Adrian E Bauman
BACKGROUND: Children's exposure to food marketing is one environmental determinant of childhood obesity. Measuring the extent to which children are aware of food brands may be one way to estimate relative prior exposures to food marketing. This study aimed to develop and validate an Australian Brand Awareness Instrument (ABAI) to estimate children's food brand awareness. METHODS: The ABAI incorporated 30 flashcards depicting food/drink logos and their corresponding products...
2015: PloS One
Mari Beth Coleman, Rebecca A Cherry, Tara C Moore, Yujeong Park, David F Cihak
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of teacher-directed simultaneous prompting to computer-assisted simultaneous prompting for teaching sight words to 3 elementary school students with intellectual disability. Activities in the computer-assisted condition were designed with Intellitools Classroom Suite software whereas traditional materials (i.e., flashcards) were used in the teacher-directed condition. Treatment conditions were compared using an adapted alternating treatments design. Acquisition of sight words occurred in both conditions for all 3 participants; however, each participant either clearly responded better in the teacher-directed condition or reported a preference for the teacher-directed condition when performance was similar with computer-assisted instruction being more efficient...
June 2015: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
Georgina O'Reilly-Foley
When I walked into my first placement at Southend Hospital, Essex, last March, I was overwhelmed at how many patients were on a single ward and how many tasks had to be done.
May 13, 2015: Nursing Standard
Wisam Al-Rawi, Lauren Easterling, Paul C Edwards
Combining active recall testing with spaced repetition increases memory retention. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare students' perception and utilization of an electronic spaced repetition oral pathology-radiology system in dental hygiene education and predoctoral dental education. The study employed an open-source suite of applications to create electronic "flashcards" that can be individually adjusted for frequency of repetition, depending on a user's assessment of difficulty. Accessible across multiple platforms (iOS, Android, Linux, OSX, Windows) as well as via any web-based browser, this framework was used to develop an oral radiology-oral pathology database of case-based questions...
April 2015: Journal of Dental Education
Tiago Taveira-Gomes, Rui Prado-Costa, Milton Severo, Maria Amélia Ferreira
BACKGROUND: Spaced-repetition and test-enhanced learning are two methodologies that boost knowledge retention. ALERT STUDENT is a platform that allows creation and distribution of Learning Objects named flashcards, and provides insight into student judgments-of-learning through a metric called 'recall accuracy'. This study aims to understand how the spaced-repetition and test-enhanced learning features provided by the platform affect recall accuracy, and to characterize the effect that students, flashcards and repetitions exert on this measurement...
2015: BMC Medical Education
Stephanie Al Otaiba, Sandra Lewis, Kelly Whalon, Alison Dyrlund, Amy McKenzie
Early home literacy experiences, including parent-child book reading, account for a significant amount of childrens' later reading achievement. Yet, there is a very limited research base about the home literacy environments and experiences of children with cognitive disabilities. The purpose of this study is to describe findings from a web-based survey of home literacy environments of young children with Down syndrome. Respondents (n = 107) were mostly mothers; a majority were well-educated. Findings suggest that respondents gave literacy a higher priority than reported in prior research on children with disabilities...
March 2009: Remedial and Special Education: RASE
David Rutkowski, Ray Keelan, Lynne Warrander, Douglas Steinke
BACKGROUND: Reducing prescribing errors is key to ensuring patient safety. Foundation-year doctors (FYs) have been found to be major contributors to prescribing errors, and often feel poorly prepared for prescribing by their undergraduate education. Numerous studies have reported these findings; however, few studies have introduced meaningful interventions. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to FY2s (n = 20) to determine the 15 most commonly prescribed medications on call...
October 2014: Clinical Teacher
Or Kalchiem-Dekel, Sharon Davidesko, Nimrod Maimon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2015: European Journal of Internal Medicine
Tiago Taveira-Gomes, Areo Saffarzadeh, Milton Severo, M Jorge Guimarães, Maria Amélia Ferreira
BACKGROUND: The increasing complexity of medical curricula would benefit from adaptive computer supported collaborative learning systems that support study management using instructional design and learning object principles. However, to our knowledge, there are scarce reports regarding applications developed to meet this goal and encompass the complete medical curriculum. The aim of ths study was to develop and assess the usability of an adaptive computer supported collaborative learning system for medical students to manage study sessions...
2014: BMC Medical Education
Myutan Kulendran, Marcus Lim, Georgia Laws, Andre Chow, Jean Nehme, Ara Darzi, Sanjay Purkayastha
INTRODUCTION: There are a vast array of smartphone applications that could benefit both surgeons and their patients. To review and identify all relevant surgical smartphone applications available for the Apple iPhone iOS and Google Android platform based on their user group and subspecialty for which they were designed. METHOD: Both the literature using PubMed and Google Scholar were searched using the following terms: application$, smartphone$, app$, app*, surgery, surgical, surg*, general surgery, general surg*, bariatric$, urology and plastic surgery, ortho*, orthop(a)edic, cardiac surgery, cardiothoracic, neurosurgery, and ophthalmology...
August 2014: Surgical Innovation
Lorenzo Dagna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2013: European Journal of Internal Medicine
Gregory M Press, Sara K Miller, Iman A Hassan, Robert Blankenship, Deborah del Junco, Elizabeth Camp, John B Holcomb
BACKGROUND: In the United States, ultrasound has rarely been incorporated into prehospital care, and scant descriptions of the processes used to train prehospital providers are available. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of an extended focused assessment with sonography for trauma (EFAST) training curriculum that incorporated multiple educational modalities. We also aimed to determine if certain demographic factors predicted successful completion...
December 2013: Journal of Emergency Medicine
David S Senchina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2011: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
Hansen C Bow, Jonathan R Dattilo, Andrea M Jonas, Christoph U Lehmann
During their preclinical course work, medical students must memorize and recall substantial amounts of information. Recent trends in medical education emphasize collaboration through team-based learning. In the technology world, the trend toward collaboration has been characterized by the crowdsourcing movement. In 2011, the authors developed an innovative approach to team-based learning that combined students' use of flashcards to master large volumes of content with a crowdsourcing model, using a simple informatics system to enable those students to share in the effort of generating concise, high-yield study materials...
June 2013: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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