keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

ventilation pediatric

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918201/clinical-management-of-pressure-control-ventilation-an-algorithmic-method-of-patient-ventilatory-management-to-address-forgotten-but-important-variables
#1
Lonny Ashworth, Yasuhiro Norisue, Megan Koster, Jeff Anderson, Junko Takada, Hatsuyo Ebisu
Pressure controlled ventilation is a common mode of ventilation used to manage both adult and pediatric populations. However, there is very little evidence that distinguishes the efficacy of pressure controlled ventilation over that of volume controlled ventilation in the adult population. This gap in the literature may be due to the absence of a consistent and systematic algorithm for managing pressure controlled ventilation. This article provides a brief overview of the applications of both pressure controlled ventilation and volume controlled ventilation and proposes an algorithmic approach to the management of patients receiving pressure controlled ventilation...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914722/factors-associated-with-pediatric-ventilator-associated-conditions-in-six-u-s-hospitals-a-nested-case-control-study
#2
Noelle M Cocoros, Gregory Priebe, James E Gray, Philip Toltzis, Gitte Y Larsen, Latania K Logan, Susan Coffin, Julia S Sammons, Kathleen Deakins, Kelly Horan, Matthew Lakoma, Jessica Young, Michael Burton, Michael Klompas, Grace M Lee
OBJECTIVES: A newly proposed surveillance definition for ventilator-associated conditions among neonatal and pediatric patients has been associated with increased morbidity and mortality among ventilated patients in cardiac ICU, neonatal ICU, and PICU. This study aimed to identify potential risk factors associated with pediatric ventilator-associated conditions. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. SETTING: Six U.S. hospitals PATIENTS:: Children less than or equal to 18 years old ventilated for greater than or equal to 1 day...
September 13, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912041/postoperative-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-monitoring-for-the-assessment-of-the-magnitude-of-shunting-through-blalock-taussig-anastomoses
#3
Cristian Mirabile, Alessandra Mazzola, Liana Valeanu, Vanessa Lopez-Lopez, Claudio Barbanti, Camilla Biselli, Carole Hennequin, Sophie Malekzadeh-Milani, Mirela Bojan
BACKGROUND: The Modified Blalock-Taussig shunt (MBTS) is the most common palliative operation performed in patients with complex cardiac defects. Postoperative morbidity and mortality rates are high, mainly due to shunt thrombosis and over-shunting. Over-shunting may be difficult to identify postoperatively based on conventional criteria. Since plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) concentrations correlate with the magnitude of shunting in various left-to-right shunt cardiac defects, we investigated its ability to identify postoperative MBTS over-shunting...
September 6, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910904/-noninvasive-ventilation-in-pediatric-respiratory-failure-use-at-the-right-time
#4
J S Zeng, S Y Qian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895691/implementation-of-a-checklist-to-increase-adherence-to-evidence-based-practices-in-a-single-pediatric-intensive-care-unit
#5
Pablo Eulmesekian, Augusto Pérez, Silvia Díaz, Mateo Ferrero
INTRODUCTION: The use of checklists to increase adherence to evidence-based practices is not yet widespread in pediatric intensive care units. The objective of this study was to achieve 90% compliance with studied practices using an ad hoc checklist. POPULATION AND METHDOS: Time series quasiexperimental study conducted in ventilated children hospitalized in the pediatric intensive care unit. Studied practices included sedation breaks, plateau pressure ≤ 30 cm H 2O, fraction of inspired oxygen ≤ 60%, maintenance of headboard at > 30°, chlorhexidine mouthwash, weekly ventilator circuit changes, preference for enteral feeding, reduction in the threshold for blood transfusions (hemoglobin: 7 g/dL), daily consideration of spontaneous breathing trials and central venous catheter removal...
October 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886960/-indoor-air-quality-and-parents-of-asthmatic-children-practices
#6
S Larramendy Magnin, B Desssome, L Moret
BACKGROUND: Indoor air pollution can worsen asthma in children. Better knowledge of factors determining parents' reception of recommendations to limit pollution of indoor air in the homes of asthmatic children would be helpful to improve implementation. METHOD: A descriptive study evaluating practices known to have an impact on the quality of air in homes was conducted among parents of asthmatic children aged 3 to 16 years. From May to September 2013, parents answered anonymous self-administered questionnaires in waiting rooms of generalist practitioners, in the Nantes University pneumology pediatric outpatient clinic, and as part of therapeutic education sessions conducted by the Asthma-44 Network...
September 5, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885488/complement-c1q-binding-de-novo-donor-specific-antibodies-and-cardiac-allograft-vasculopathy-in-pediatric-heart-transplant-recipients
#7
Bibhuti B Das, Chantale Lacelle, Song Zhang, Ang Gao, David Fixler
BACKGROUND: We hypothesized C1q binding de novo donor specific antibody (DSA) after heart transplant (HT) is a higher risk for development of coronary artery vasculopathy (CAV) in children. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 127 pediatric heart transplant (HT) recipients transplanted between January 2005 and December 2014 was used to determine complement (C1q)-binding de novo DSA on the outcomes of HT and the ability of the C1q assay to predict CAV development...
September 6, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881451/validation-of-a-pediatric-early-warning-system-for-hospitalized-pediatric-oncology-patients-in-a-resource-limited-setting
#8
Asya Agulnik, Alejandra Méndez Aceituno, Lupe Nataly Mora Robles, Peter W Forbes, Dora Judith Soberanis Vasquez, Ricardo Mack, Federico Antillon-Klussmann, Monica Kleinman, Carlos Rodriguez-Galindo
BACKGROUND: Pediatric oncology patients are at high risk of clinical deterioration, particularly in hospitals with resource limitations. The performance of pediatric early warning systems (PEWS) to identify deterioration has not been assessed in these settings. This study evaluates the validity of PEWS to predict the need for unplanned transfer to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) among pediatric oncology patients in a resource-limited hospital. METHODS: A retrospective case-control study comparing the highest documented and corrected PEWS score before unplanned PICU transfer in pediatric oncology patients (129 cases) with matched controls (those not requiring PICU care) was performed...
September 7, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879321/perioperative-airway-management-of-a-patient-with-beckwith-wiedemann-syndrome
#9
Masanori Tsukamoto, Takashi Hitosugi, Takeshi Yokoyama
Airway obstruction in pediatric patients always poses a challenge for anesthesiologists. Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome causes various abnormalities such as macroglossia and omphalocele. Patients with these abnormalities often need corrective surgeries. Management of difficult airway caused by conditions such as macroglossia in patients with this syndrome could be challenging. We encountered a case of difficult airway in an infant with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome. It was predicted that macroglossia might cause difficult ventilation, intubation, and extubation...
December 2016: J Dent Anesth Pain Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872714/microbial-epidemiology-of-candidemia-in-neonatal-and-pediatric-intensive-care-units-at-children-s-medical-center-tehran
#10
Arezu Charsizadeh, Hossein Mirhendi, Bahram Nikmanesh, Hamid Eshaghi, Koichi Makimura
Invasive candidiasis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in children. However, limited data is available on the epidemiology of this infection in pediatric settings in Iran. The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence, microbial epidemiology, risk factors, and clinical outcomes associated with candidemia in intensive care units at Children's Medical Center, Tehran, Iran. All blood and other normally sterile specimen cultures positive for Candida species, were included. Isolates were identified by morphological and molecular methods...
September 5, 2017: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870776/consensus-report-by-palisi-and-pbmtc-joint-working-committees-supportive-care-guidelines-for-management-of-vod-in-children-and-adolescents-part-3-focus-on-cardio-respiratory-dysfunction-infections-liver-dysfunction-and-delirium
#11
Nadia Ovchinsky, Warren Frazier, Jeffery J Auletta, Christopher C Dvorak, Monica Ardura, Enkyung Song, Jennifer McArthur, Asumthia Jeyapalan, Robert Tamburro, Kris M Mahadeo, Chani Traube, Christine N Duncan, Rajinder P S Bajwa
Some patients with veno-occlusive disease (VOD) have multi-organ dysfunction (MOD) and multiple teams are involved in their daily care in the pediatric intensive care units (PICU). Cardio-respiratory dysfunction is critical in these patients as it needs immediate action. Whether to use non-invasive or invasive ventilation strategy may be a difficult decision in the setting of mucositis or other comorbidities in patients with VOD. Similarly monitoring of their organ functions could be very challenging; they may have fulminant hepatic failure with or without hepatic encephalopathy complicated by delirium and/or infections...
September 1, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866754/opioid-associated-iatrogenic-withdrawal-in-critically-ill-adult-patients-a-multicenter-prospective-observational-study
#12
Pan Pan Wang, Elaine Huang, Xue Feng, Charles-André Bray, Marc M Perreault, Philippe Rico, Patrick Bellemare, Paul Murgoi, Céline Gélinas, Annie Lecavalier, Dev Jayaraman, Anne Julie Frenette, David Williamson
BACKGROUND: Opioids and benzodiazepines are frequently used in the intensive care unit (ICU). Regular use and prolonged exposure to opioids in ICU patients followed by abrupt tapering or cessation may lead to iatrogenic withdrawal syndrome (IWS). IWS is well described in pediatrics, but no prospective study has evaluated this syndrome in adult ICU patients. The objective of this study was to determine the incidence of IWS caused by opioids in a critically ill adult population. This multicenter prospective cohort study was conducted at two level-1 trauma ICUs between February 2015 and September 2015 and included 54 critically ill patients...
September 2, 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865448/pediatric-supraglottic-airway-devices-in-clinical-practice-a-prospective-observational-study
#13
Maren Kleine-Brueggeney, Anne Gottfried, Sabine Nabecker, Robert Greif, Malte Book, Lorenz Theiler
BACKGROUND: Supraglottic airway devices (SGA) are commonly used in pediatric anesthesia and serve as primary or back-up devices for difficult airway management. Most SGA are marketed without proper clinical evaluation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance of the pediatric LMA Supreme™, Air-Q® and Ambu® Aura-i™. METHODS: This prospective observational study was performed at Bern University Hospital, Switzerland. With ethics committee approval and a waiver for written informed consent 240 children undergoing elective surgery with an ASA class I-III and a weight of 5-30 kg were included...
September 2, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861270/phosphate-disturbance-in-critically-ill-children-incidence-associated-risk-factors-and-clinical-outcomes
#14
Ahmed Nabih El Shazly, Doaa Refaey Soliman, Effat Hussien Assar, Eman Gamal Behiry, Ibrahim Abd El Naby Gad Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Hypophosphatemia is one of the common disorders that develop in critically ill patients. It has potential complications and is often unrecognized in those patients. OBJECTIVE: Determining the incidence of hypophosphatemia in critically ill children, its association with clinical outcomes and the possible risk factors. METHODS: 50 patients were enrolled in the study. Levels of serum phosphate were measured on day 1 and day 7 of PICU (Pediatric intensive care unit) stay...
September 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860332/negative-pressure-ventilation-in-pediatric-acute-respiratory-failure
#15
Amanda B Hassinger, Ryan K Breuer, Kirsten Nutty, Chang-Xing Ma, Omar S Al Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: The objective of this work was to describe the use of negative-pressure ventilation (NPV) in a heterogeneous critically ill, pediatric population. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted of all patients admitted to a pediatric ICU with acute respiratory failure supported with NPV from January 1, 2012 to May 15, 2015. RESULTS: Two hundred thirty-three subjects at a median age of 15.5 months were supported with NPV for various etiologies, most commonly bronchiolitis (70%)...
August 31, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843663/risk-factors-and-outcomes-of-critically-ill-patients-with-acute-brain-failure-a-novel-end-point
#16
Tarun D Singh, John C O'Horo, Ognjen Gajic, Amra Sakusic, Courtney N Day, Jay Mandrekar, Rahul Kashyap, Dereddi Raja Shekar Reddy, Alejandro A Rabinstein
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence, risk factors and outcomes of acute brain failure (ABF) in a mixed medical and surgical cohort of critically ill patients and its effect on ICU & hospital mortality. DESIGN: Observational electronic medical record (EMR) based retrospective cohort study of critically ill patients admitted to the ICU between 2006 and 2013. SETTING: Tertiary academic medical center. PATIENTS: Consecutive adult (>18years) critically ill patients admitted to medical and surgical ICUs...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842971/the-impact-of-pediatric-obesity-on-hospitalized-children-with-lower-respiratory-tract-infections-in-the-united-states
#17
Yusuke Okubo, Kotaro Nochioka, Marcia A Testa
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is the most common public health problem and is a clinically complicating risk factor among hospitalized children. The impact of pediatric obesity on the severity and morbidity of lower respiratory tract infections remains unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of bronchitis and pneumonia among children aged 2-20 years using hospital discharge records. The data were obtained from the Kid's Inpatient Database in 2003, 2006, 2009, and 2012, and were weighted to estimate the number of hospitalizations in the United States...
August 26, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840012/extracorporeal-support-in-airway-surgery
#18
REVIEW
Konrad Hoetzenecker, Walter Klepetko, Shaf Keshavjee, Marcelo Cypel
Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) is increasingly used for major airway surgery. It facilitates complex reconstructions and maintains gas exchange during endoscopic procedures in patients with critical airway obstruction. ECLS offers the advantage of an uncluttered surgical field and eliminates the need for crossing ventilation tubes, thus, making precise surgical dissection easier. ECLS is currently used for hemodynamic and respiratory support in lung transplantation as well as extended tumor resections with an acceptable risk profile...
July 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839496/use-of-nasal-non-invasive-ventilation-with-a-ram-cannula-in-the-outpatient-home-setting
#19
Wilfredo De Jesus Rojas, Cheryl L Samuels, Traci R Gonzales, Katrina E McBeth, Aravind Yadav, James M Stark, Cindy Jon, Ricardo A Mosquera
BACKGROUND: Nasal non-invasive-ventilation (Nasal NIV) is a mode of ventilatory support providing positive pressure to patients via a nasal interface. The RAM Cannula is an oxygen delivery device that can be used as an alternative approach to deliver positive pressure. Together they have been successfully used to provide respiratory support in neonatal in-patient settings. OBJECTIVE: To describe the outpatient use of Nasal NIV/RAM Cannula as a feasible alternative for home respiratory support in children with chronic respiratory failure...
2017: Open Respiratory Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838781/a-comparison-of-pediatric-airway-management-techniques-during-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-using-the-cares-database
#20
Matthew L Hansen, Amber Lin, Carl Eriksson, Mohamud Daya, Bryan McNally, Rongwei Fu, David Yanez, Dana Zive, Craig Newgard
OBJECTIVE: To compare odds of survival to hospital discharge among pediatric out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients receiving either bag-valve-mask ventilation (BVM), supraglottic airway (SGA) or endotracheal intubation (ETI), after adjusting for the propensity to receive a given airway intervention. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study using the Cardiac Arrest Registry to Enhance Survival (CARES) database from January 1 201-December 31, 2015. The CARES registry includes data on cardiac arrests from 17 statewide registries and approximately 55 additional US cities...
August 22, 2017: Resuscitation
keyword
keyword
29517
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"