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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665518/early-intervention-for-adolescents-at-risk-for-bipolar-disorder-a-pilot-randomized-trial-of-interpersonal-and-social-rhythm-therapy-ipsrt
#1
Tina R Goldstein, John Merranko, Megan Krantz, Matthew Garcia, Peter Franzen, Jessica Levenson, David Axelson, Boris Birmaher, Ellen Frank
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a pilot randomized trial of Interpersonal and Social Rhythm Therapy plus Data-Informed Referral (IPSRT + DIR) versus DIR-alone for adolescents at-risk for bipolar disorder (BP). METHOD: Eligible participants included youth (12-18) with a BP parent; youth with BP were excluded. Participants (n = 42) were randomized to receive IPSRT + DIR to treat any psychiatric disorders present at baseline, or DIR-alone. A blind evaluator assessed outcomes at baseline, 3- and 6-months...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664932/obesity-and-unhealthy-lifestyle-associated-with-poor-executive-function-among-malaysian-adolescents
#2
Joyce Ying Hui Tee, Wan Ying Gan, Kit-Aun Tan, Yit Siew Chin
The understanding on the roles of obesity and lifestyle behaviors in predicting executive function of adolescents has been limited. Low executive function proficiency may have adverse effects on adolescents' school academic performance. This cross-sectional study aimed to examine the relationship between BMI-for-age and multiple lifestyle behaviors (operationalized as meal consumption, physical activity, and sleep quality) with executive function (operationalized as inhibition, working memory, and cognitive flexibility) on a sample of Malaysian adolescents aged between 12 and 16 years (N = 513)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663484/association-between-psychotropic-medications-and-presence-of-sleep-bruxism-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Gilberto Melo, Kamile Leonardi Dutra, Rubens Rodrigues Filho, Adriana de Oliveira Lira Ortega, André Luís Porporatti, Bruce Dick, Carlos Flores-Mir, Graziela De Luca Canto
The purpose of this study was to systematically review the literature for studies that investigated the association between use of psychotropic medications and presence of sleep bruxism (SB). Observational studies were selected in a two-phase process. Searches were performed on six electronic databases and a grey literature search was conducted on three databases. SB diagnosis was based on questionnaires or clinical examinations; no polysomnography exams were performed. Risk of bias was assessed using the Joanna Briggs Institute Critical Appraisal Checklist for Analytical Cross-Sectional Studies...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663257/validation-of-the-promis-sleep-disturbance-and-sleep-related-impairment-item-banks-in-dutch-adolescents
#4
Jojanneke A M C van Kooten, Raphaёle R L van Litsenburg, Whitney R Yoder, Gertjan J L Kaspers, Caroline B Terwee
PURPOSE: Sleep problems are common in adolescents and have a negative impact on daytime functioning. However, there is a lack of well-validated adolescent sleep questionnaires. The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Sleep Disturbance and Sleep-Related Impairment item banks are well-validated instruments developed for and tested in adults. The aim of this study was to evaluate their structural validity in adolescents. METHODS: Test and retest data were collected for the Dutch-Flemish V1...
April 16, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662440/electrophysiological-properties-of-melanin-concentrating-hormone-and-orexin-neurons-in-adolescent-rats
#5
Victoria Linehan, Michiru Hirasawa
Orexin and melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) neurons have complementary roles in various physiological functions including energy balance and the sleep/wake cycle. in vitro electrophysiological studies investigating these cells typically use post-weaning rodents, corresponding to adolescence. However, it is unclear whether these neurons are functionally mature at this period and whether these studies can be generalized to adult cells. Therefore, we examined the electrophysiological properties of orexin and MCH neurons in brain slices from post-weaning rats and found that MCH neurons undergo an age-dependent reduction in excitability, but not orexin neurons...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650509/cardiovascular-disease-risk-factor-clustering-in-children-and-adolescents-a-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Young-Gyun Seo, Min-Kyu Choi, Jae-Heon Kang, Hye-Ja Lee, Han Byul Jang, Sang Ick Park, Young Soo Ju, Kyung Hee Park
OBJECTIVE: The early identification of predictors related to cardiovascular disease risk factor clustering (CVD-RFC) can help prevent chronic disease. We aimed to identify the risk factors for CVD-RFC in adolescents. METHODS: A prospective longitudinal cohort study design was used to obtain data included in these analyses from school-aged children who participated in the Korean Child-Adolescent Study 2008-2014. A total of 1309 children aged 6-15 years were enrolled...
April 12, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648616/sustained-benefits-of-delaying-school-start-time-on-adolescent-sleep-and-well-being
#7
June C Lo, Su Mei Lee, Xuan Kai Lee, Karen Sasmita, Nicholas I Y N Chee, Jesisca Tandi, Wei Shan Cher, Joshua J Gooley, Michael W L Chee
Study Objectives: To investigate the short- and longer-term impact of a 45-min delay in school start time on sleep and well-being of adolescents. Methods: The sample consisted of 375 students in grades 7-10 (mean age ± SD: 14.6 ± 1.15 years) from an all-girls' secondary school in Singapore that delayed its start time from 07:30 to 08:15. Self-reports of sleep timing, sleepiness, and well-being (depressive symptoms and mood) were obtained at baseline prior to the delay, and at approximately 1 and 9 months after the delay...
April 10, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643054/wearable-activity-tracker-use-among-australian-adolescents-usability-and-acceptability-study
#8
Nicola D Ridgers, Anna Timperio, Helen Brown, Kylie Ball, Susie Macfarlane, Samuel K Lai, Kara Richards, Kelly A Mackintosh, Melitta A McNarry, Megan Foster, Jo Salmon
BACKGROUND: Wearable activity trackers have the potential to be integrated into physical activity interventions, yet little is known about how adolescents use these devices or perceive their acceptability. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the usability and acceptability of a wearable activity tracker among adolescents. A secondary aim was to determine adolescents' awareness and use of the different functions and features in the wearable activity tracker and accompanying app...
April 11, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642883/associations-between-ideational-variables-and-bed-net-use-in-madagascar-mali-and-nigeria
#9
J Douglas Storey, Stella O Babalola, Emily E Ricotta, Kathleen A Fox, Michael Toso, Nan Lewicky, Hannah Koenker
BACKGROUND: The use of insecticide-treated bed nets (ITNs) is crucial to the prevention, control, and elimination of malaria. Using household surveys conducted in 2014-2015 by the Health Communication Capacity Collaborative project in Madagascar, Mali, and Nigeria, we compared a model of psychosocial influence, called Ideation, to examine how malaria-related variables influence individual and household bed net use in each of these countries. Evaluations of non-malaria programs have confirmed the value of the ideational approach, but it is infrequently used to guide malaria interventions...
April 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628432/cognitive-and-psychological-issues-in-postural-tachycardia-syndrome
#10
REVIEW
Vidya Raj, Morwenna Opie, Amy C Arnold
Postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is one of the most common forms of chronic orthostatic intolerance. In addition to orthostatic symptoms, many POTS patients report incapacitating cognitive dysfunction or "brain fog" even while lying down or seated. Consistent with these subjective reports, there is accruing objective evidence of specific cognitive difficulties in POTS, with studies showing mild to moderate cognitive impairment using standardized neuropsychological assessment batteries. The precise profile of cognitive dysfunction in POTS patients has been shown to vary among these studies potentially due to the neuropsychological tests used, postural position, comorbidities and length of illness, inclusion of adolescent versus adult patients, and sites of recruitment...
March 27, 2018: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626629/the-burden-of-allergic-rhinitis-and-allergic-rhinoconjunctivitis-on-adolescents-a-literature-review
#11
REVIEW
Michael S Blaiss, Eva Hammerby, Susan Robinson, Tessa Kennedy-Martin, Sarah Buchs
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the literature regarding the burden of allergic rhinitis (AR) and allergic rhinoconjunctivitis (ARC) in adolescents (10-19 years). DATA SOURCES: Searches were performed in MEDLINE, Embase, Health Technology Assessment Database, and National Health Service Economic Evaluation Database for studies evaluating concepts of symptoms, quality of life (QOL), daily activities, sleep, examination performance, school absenteeism and presenteeism, and treatment burden in adolescents with AR or ARC...
April 4, 2018: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626363/smartphone-addiction-risk-and-daytime-sleepiness-in-korean-adolescents
#12
Jee Eun Chung, Soo An Choi, Ki Tai Kim, Jeong Yee, Joo Hee Kim, Jin Won Seong, Jong Mi Seong, Ju Young Kim, Kyung Eun Lee, Hye Sun Gwak
AIM: Smartphone overuse can cause not only mobility problems in the wrists, fingers and neck but also interference with sleep habits. However, research on smartphone addiction and sleep disturbances is scarce. Therefore, we aimed to investigate daytime sleepiness in association with smartphone addiction risk in Korean adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey method was used in this study. The Pediatric Daytime Sleepiness Scale was used to assess daytime sleepiness, and the Korean Smartphone Addiction Proneness Scale index was used to evaluate the degree of risk for smartphone addiction...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616151/narcolepsy-in-adolescence-a-missed-diagnosis-a-case-report
#13
Anoop K Gupta, Swapnajeet Sahoo, Sandeep Grover
<b/> Narcolepsy is an uncommon sleep cycle disorder with a usual onset in adolescence, but it is often misdiagnosed and underdiagnosed. Rarely is the tetrad of excessive daytime sleepiness, cataplexy, hypnagogic hallucinations, and sleep paralysis seen in patients. The clinical characteristics of narcolepsy are often confused with many psychiatric and neurologic disorders. Lack of clinical awareness about narcolepsy leads to frequent prescriptions of antiepileptics and psychotropics, which can adversely affect the quality of life of children and adolescents...
July 2017: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615084/the-association-between-self-rated-health-and-social-environments-health-behaviors-and-health-outcomes-a-structural-equation-analysis
#14
Bevan Adrian Craig, Darren Peter Morton, Peter John Morey, Lillian Marton Kent, Alva Barry Gane, Terry Leslie Butler, Paul Meredith Rankin, Kevin Ross Price
BACKGROUND: The factors shaping the health of the current generation of adolescents are multi-dimensional and complex. The purpose of this study was to explore the determinants of self-rated health (SRH) of adolescents attending a faith-based school system in Australia. METHODS: A total of 788 students attending 21 Seventh-day Adventist schools in Australia responded to a health and lifestyle survey that assessed SRH as well as potential determinants of SRH including the health outcomes mental health, vitality, body mass index (BMI), select health behaviors, social factors and personal demographics...
April 3, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609841/the-safety-and-risk-factors-of-revision-adenoidectomy-in-children-and-adolescents-a-nationwide-retrospective-population-based-cohort-study
#15
Dai-Lou Lin, Chuan-Song Wu, Chao-Hsiun Tang, Ting-Yu Kuo, Tzong-Yang Tu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the safety of adenoidectomy and risk factors of re-adenoidectomy, and intend to provide evidence-based information to clinicians for further consideration. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This study was based on data obtained from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database from the period 2002-2011. We utilized that data from the hospitalization group and collected information regarding those individuals who accepted adenoidectomy with or without tonsillectomy and post-adenoidectomy bleeding...
March 30, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609722/the-validity-of-a-new-consumer-targeted-wrist-device-in-sleep-measurement-an-overnight-comparison-against-polysomnography-in-children-and-adolescents
#16
Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Liisa Kuula
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The validity of consumer-targeted wrist-worn sleep measurement systems has been little studied in children and adolescents. We examined the validity of a new fitness tracker (PFT) manufactured by Polar Electro Oy and the previously validated Actiwatch 2 (AW2) from Philips Respironics against polysomnography (PSG) in children and adolescents. METHODS: Seventeen children (age 11.0 ± 0.8 years) and 17 adolescents (age 17.8 ± 1.8 years) wore the PFT and AW2 concurrently with an ambulatory PSG in their own home for 1 night...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609710/associations-between-neuropsychological-neurobehavioral-and-emotional-functioning-and-either-narcolepsy-or-idiopathic-hypersomnia-in-children-and-adolescents
#17
Beris Ludwig, Simon Smith, Helen Heussler
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Narcolepsy and idiopathic hypersomnia are chronic neurological sleep disorders characterized by hypersomnolence or excessive daytime sleepiness. This review aims to systematically examine the scientific literature on the associations between narcolepsy and idiopathic hypersomnia and their effect on intellectual functioning, academic achievement, behavior, and emotion. METHODS: Published studies that examined those associations in children and adolescents were included...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609217/later-start-longer-sleep-implications-of-middle-school-start-times
#18
Deborah A Temkin, Daniel Princiotta, Renee Ryberg, Daniel S Lewin
BACKGROUND: Although adolescents generally get less than the recommended 9 hours of sleep per night, research and effort to delay school start times have generally focused on high schools. This study assesses the relation between school start times and sleep in middle school students while accounting for potentially confounding demographic variables. METHODS: Seventh and eighth grade students attending 8 late starting schools (∼8:00 am, n = 630) and 3 early starting schools (∼7:23 am, n = 343) from a diverse suburban school district completed online surveys about their sleep behaviors...
May 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608755/factor-structure-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-pittsburgh-sleep-quality-index-in-community-based-adolescents
#19
Monika B Raniti, Joanna M Waloszek, Orli Schwartz, Nicholas B Allen, John Trinder
Study Objectives: The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) is a widely-used self-report questionnaire that assesses general sleep quality. This study aimed to validate the single-factor scoring structure and related psychometric properties in the English language version of the PSQI in community-based adolescents. Methods: Participants were 889 (352 male, 39.6%) students (age M=15.71±1.57; 12.08-18.92 years) recruited from 14 Australian secondary schools. Participants completed the PSQI, Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression (CES-D) scale, and Spence Children's Anxiety Scale (SCAS)...
March 28, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606318/kleine-levin-syndrome-a-neuropsychiatric-disorder
#20
REVIEW
I Arnulf, E Groos, P Dodet
Kleine-Levin syndrome (KLS) is a rare, relapsing-remitting disease that affects mostly adolescents. It is characterized by episodes lasting from 1 to several weeks, and comprises neurological (hypersomnia, confusion, slowness, amnesia) and neuropsychiatric symptoms (derealization and apathy). Some psychiatric symptoms (megaphagia, hypersexuality, anxiety, depressed mood, hallucinations, delusions) arise during episodes, albeit less frequently, while patients are normal between episodes. However, sudden severe (>18h/day of sleep) and recurrent hypersomnia helps to differentiate KLS from other psychiatric mimics...
March 30, 2018: Revue Neurologique
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