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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102484/the-role-played-by-gender-and-age-on-poor-sleep-quality-among-institutionalized-adolescents
#1
Ladyodeyse da Cunha Silva Santiago, Rafael Marinho Falcão Batista, Maria Julia Lyra, Breno Quintella Farah, Rodrigo Pinto Pedrosa, Ana Patrícia Siqueira Tavares Falcão, Rodrigo Cappato de Araújo, Marcos André Moura Dos Santos
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze the prevalence and association between sleep quality with gender and age and to examine the relation between age and the components of the PSQI in institutionalized adolescents. METHODS: High school internal students of both genders, aged between 14 and 19 years old, were analyzed. After a full clinical evaluation, the Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index Score was obtained from all participants. RESULTS: We studied 210 participants [male: 15...
January 19, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093685/sleep-duration-obesity-and-asthma-in-florida-adolescents-analysis-of-data-from-the-florida-youth-risk-behavior-survey-2009-2013
#2
Chighaf Bakour, Kathleen O'Rourke, Skai Schwartz, Wei Wang, William Sappenfield, Marisa Couluris
PURPOSE: To examine the association between sleep duration and asthma among Florida high school students and whether body mass index (BMI) modifies this association. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis included 16,728 participants in the Florida Youth Risk Behavior Survey (2009-2013). Using logistic regression, we examined the association between sleep duration and asthma, and, after controlling for potential confounders, analyzed the interaction between sleep duration and BMI...
January 16, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093374/predictors-of-pharmacological-intervention-in-adolescents-with-protracted-symptoms-after-sports-related-concussion
#3
Shanti M Pinto, Maria F Twichell, Luke C Henry
BACKGROUND: Though recovery after concussion is spontaneous and typically occurs within two to three weeks, a subset of adolescents develop persistent symptoms after a sports-related concussion. Medications are frequently prescribed as part of a comprehensive treatment approach to alleviate these symptoms; however, there are no guidelines for prescription of pharmacologic therapy after concussion. OBJECTIVE: To investigate common factors that are associated with the use of medications (anti-epileptic, anti-depressant, neurostimulant, or sleeping medication) during recovery from a sports-related concussion...
January 13, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088873/developmental-changes-in-ultradian-sleep-cycles-across-early-childhood
#4
Sean Lopp, William Navidi, Peter Achermann, Monique LeBourgeois, Cecilia Diniz Behn
Nocturnal human sleep is composed of cycles between rapid eye movement (REM) sleep and non-REM (NREM) sleep. In adults, the structure of ultradian cycles between NREM and REM sleep is well characterized; however, less is known about the developmental trajectories of ultradian sleep cycles across early childhood. Cross-sectional studies indicate that the rapid ultradian cycling of active-quiet sleep in infancy shifts to a more adult-like pattern of NREM-REM sleep cycling by the school-age years, yet longitudinal studies elucidating the details of this transition are scarce...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Biological Rhythms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087550/trends-and-changes-in-paediatric-tonsil-surgery-in-sweden-1987-2013-a-population-based-cohort-study
#5
Anna Borgström, Pia Nerfeldt, Danielle Friberg, Ola Sunnergren, Joacim Stalfors
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to longitudinally describe the history of tonsil surgery in Swedish children and adolescents regarding incidence, indications for surgery, surgical methods and the age and gender distributions. SETTING: A retrospective longitudinal population-based cohort study based on register data from the Swedish National Patient Register (NPR) and population data from Statistics Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: All Swedish children 1-<18 years registered in the NPR with a tonsil surgery procedure 1987-2013...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072641/sensory-hypersensitivity-predicts-reduced-sleeping-quality-in-patients-with-major-affective-disorders
#6
Batya Engel-Yeger, Xenia Gonda, Muffy Walker, Zoltan Rihmer, Maurizio Pompili, Mario Amore, Gianluca Serafini
The goal of this study was to examine the sensory profile (expressed as hypersensitivity or hyposensitivity) of patients with major affective disorders and its relative contribution to the prediction of sleep quality while considering affective temperaments and depression, which may impact sleep quality. We recruited 176 participants (mean age, 47.3 y), of whom 56.8% had a diagnosis of unipolar major depressive disorder and 43.2% a diagnosis of bipolar disorder. Reduced sleep quality was evaluated using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index...
January 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070780/laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-in-adolescents-with-or-without-syndromic-obesity-two-years-follow-up
#7
Angelo Iossa, Francesco De Peppo, Romina Caccamo, Brad Michael Watkins, Francesca Abbatini, Emanuela Ceriati, Gianfranco Silecchia
INTRODUCTION: Childhood obesity is an emerging health problem. Surgical treatment of obese adolescents, particularly those affected by congenital syndrome, represents a controversial issue. The aim of this multicenter study was to retrospectively assess the results of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) in a cohort of adolescents affected by morbid obesity, with or without congenital syndromes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-one obese (BMI 49 ± 6 kg/m(2)) adolescents with mean age of 16 ± 3 years (58...
January 9, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067547/barriers-and-enablers-to-modifying-sleep-behavior-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-a-qualitative-investigation
#8
Jessica L Paterson, Amy C Reynolds, Mitch Duncan, Corneel Vandelanotte, Sally A Ferguson
OBJECTIVE: Many young adults obtain less than the recommended sleep duration for healthy and safe functioning. Behavior change interventions have had only moderate success in increasing sleep duration for this cohort. This may be because the way young adults think about sleep, including their willingness and ability to change sleep behavior, is unknown. The purpose of the present study was to determine what changes, if any, young adults are willing to make to their sleep behavior, and to identify factors that may enable or prevent these changes...
January 9, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065514/review-of-childhood-obesity-from-epidemiology-etiology-and-comorbidities-to-clinical-assessment-and-treatment
#9
REVIEW
Seema Kumar, Aaron S Kelly
Childhood obesity has emerged as an important public health problem in the United States and other countries in the world. Currently 1 in 3 children in the United States is afflicted with overweight or obesity. The increasing prevalence of childhood obesity is associated with emergence of comorbidities previously considered to be "adult" diseases including type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, obstructive sleep apnea, and dyslipidemia. The most common cause of obesity in children is a positive energy balance due to caloric intake in excess of caloric expenditure combined with a genetic predisposition for weight gain...
January 5, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065388/a-systematic-review-of-cognitive-function-and-psychosocial-well-being-in-school-age-children-with-narcolepsy
#10
REVIEW
Jane E Blackwell, Hetaf A Alammar, Anna R Weighall, Ian Kellar, Hannah M Nash
In August 2010, concerns were raised about an increase in the incidence rate of narcolepsy diagnosis in children and adolescents. Narcolepsy is a chronic neurological sleep disorder characterised by excessive daytime sleepiness and attacks of muscle weakness which are often precipitated by strong emotions, known as cataplexy. We systematically examined and updated the scientific literature on the consequences of narcolepsy on cognitive function and psychosocial well-being in school-age children. Eight studies published between 2005 and 2015 were eligible for inclusion in this review...
July 18, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055288/eveningness-as-a-risk-for-behavioral-problems-in-late-adolescence
#11
Ilona Merikanto, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Liisa Kuula, Jari Lahti, Kati Heinonen, Eero Kajantie, Katri Räikkönen
Circadian preference toward eveningness has been associated with increased risk for mental health problems both in early adolescence and in adulthood. However, in late adolescence, when circadian rhythm naturally shifts to later, its significance for mental health is not clear. Accordingly, we studied how circadian rhythm estimated both by self-reported chronotype and by actigraph-defined midpoint of sleep was associated with self-reported psychiatric problems based on Youth Self Report (YSR). The study builds on a community cohort born in 1998, Helsinki, Finland...
January 5, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051218/parental-satisfaction-of-an-assessment-unit-for-autistic-spectrum-disorders
#12
Arwa Ben Amor, Soumeyya Halayem, Maissa Touati, Ahlem Belhadj, Riadh Gouider, Ridha Mrad, Asma Bouden
Background - Based on the recognized principles of assessment of autistic disorders, the child and adolescent psychiatry department in Razi Hospital developed an assessment unit with diagnostic as well as therapeutic roles. The aim of this work was to examine its functioning and to analyze the parents' perceptions about the unit services. Methods - We gathered the parental satisfaction about the unit by the means of a hetero-questionnaire. Results - Fifty-two parents of children evaluated within the unit were included...
June 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041986/insomnia-symptoms-with-objective-short-sleep-duration-are-associated-with-systemic-inflammation-in-adolescents
#13
Julio Fernandez-Mendoza, Joshua H Baker, Alexandros N Vgontzas, Jordan Gaines, Duanping Liao, Edward O Bixler
Inflammation has been suggested as a potential pathway by which insomnia and short sleep can affect risk of morbidity in adults. However, few studies have examined the association of insomnia with inflammation in adolescents, despite accumulating evidence that pathophysiologic changes may already occur during this critical developmental period. The present study sought to examine the association of insomnia symptoms with systemic inflammation and the role of objective sleep duration in this association. Participants were 378 adolescents (16...
December 30, 2016: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012351/the-association-between-mental-health-problems-and-menstrual-cycle-irregularity-among-adolescent-korean-girls
#14
Mi Yu, Kyungdo Han, Ga Eun Nam
BACKGROUND: Menstrual cycle irregularity is common among adolescents and can induce mental health problems such as stress, depression, and suicidal ideation. We examined the association between mental health problems and menstrual cycle irregularity among adolescent Korean girls. METHODS: This population-based cross-sectional study was on 808 female adolescents (12-18 years of age) participating in the 2010-2012 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008004/adolescent-and-parent-treatment-goals-in-an-internet-delivered-chronic-pain-self-management-program-does-agreement-of-treatment-goals-matter
#15
Emma Fisher, Maggie H Bromberg, Gabrielle Tai, Tonya M Palermo
OBJECTIVE : To assess whether adolescent-parent agreement on treatment goals as part of an Internet-delivered cognitive-behavioral pain intervention was associated with adolescent outcomes. METHODS : 122 adolescent-parent dyads selected two treatment goals. Pain intensity and pain-related disability were assessed at pre-treatment, post-treatment, and 6- and 12-month follow-ups. We compared dyads who had goal agreement versus no agreement. RESULTS : 74 dyads (61%) agreed on one or more treatment goals, most commonly going to school, sports, and sleep...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007360/protective-and-risk-factors-associated-with-adolescent-sleep-findings-from-australia-canada-and-the-netherlands
#16
Kate Bartel, Paul Williamson, Annette van Maanen, Jamie Cassoff, Anne Marie Meijer, Frans Oort, Bärbel Knäuper, Reut Gruber, Michael Gradisar
BACKGROUND: Sleep is vital for adolescent functioning. Those with optimal sleep duration have shown improved capacity to learn and decreased rate of motor vehicle accidents. This study explored the influence of numerous protective and risk factors on adolescents' school night sleep (bedtime, sleep latency, total sleep time) simultaneously to assess the importance of each one and compare within three countries. METHOD: Online survey data were collected from Australia, Canada, and The Netherlands...
October 2016: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999786/sleep-disordered-breathing-and-autonomic-function-in-overweight-and-obese-children-and-adolescents
#17
Annelies Van Eyck, Kim Van Hoorenbeeck, Benedicte Y De Winter, Luc Van Gaal, Wilfried De Backer, Stijn L Verhulst
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), common in children with obesity, is associated with cardiovascular morbidity. Autonomic dysfunction has been suggested to be a key player in the development of these complications. We investigated the relationship between obesity, OSA and sympathetic activity in children. 191 children with obesity were included and distributed into two groups: 131 controls and 60 with OSA. Beat-to-beat RR interval data were extracted from polysomnography for heart rate variability analysis. Urinary free cortisol levels were determined...
October 2016: ERJ Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999017/efficacy-and-tolerance-of-dolutegravir-based-combined-art-in-perinatally-hiv-1-infected-adolescents-a-french-multicentre-retrospective-study
#18
Coralie Briand, Catherine Dollfus, Albert Faye, Elie Kantor, Véronique Avettand-Fenoel, Marion Caseris, Diane Descamps, Véronique Schneider, Marie-Dominique Tabone, Geneviève Vaudre, Florence Veber, Stéphane Blanche, Pierre Frange
OBJECTIVES: To assess the safety and efficacy of a dolutegravir-based regimen in perinatally HIV-1-infected adolescents. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective multicentre study of 50 adolescents beginning dolutegravir-based treatment regimens between January 2014 and December 2015. Clinical and biological data collected before and after dolutegravir initiation were analysed. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients achieving a plasma viral load (PVL) <50 copies/mL within 3 months of dolutegravir initiation (for patients with detectable viraemia at baseline) and maintaining virological suppression (PVL <50 copies/mL) until the last follow-up visit (for all patients)...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990129/developmental-trajectories-of-sleep-problems-from-childhood-to-adolescence-both-predict-and-are-predicted-by-emotional-and-behavioral-problems
#19
Biyao Wang, Corinna Isensee, Andreas Becker, Janice Wong, Peter R Eastwood, Rae-Chi Huang, Kevin C Runions, Richard M Stewart, Thomas Meyer, L G Brüni, Florian D Zepf, Aribert Rothenberger
Although the prevalence rates of sleep disorders at different stages of childhood and adolescence have been well established, little is known about the developmental course of general sleep problems. This also holds true for the bidirectional relationship between sleep problems and emotional as well as behavioral difficulties. This longitudinal study investigated the general pattern and the latent trajectory classes of general sleep problems from a large community sample aged 5-14 years. In addition, this study examined the predictive value of emotional/behavioral difficulties (i...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986636/sleep-duration-moderates-the-association-between-insula-activation-and-risky-decisions-under-stress-in-adolescents-and-adults
#20
Jessica Phuong Uy, Adriana Galván
Insufficient sleep has been associated with increased risk-taking and poor decision-making, enhanced physiological responses to stress, and attenuated anterior insula (AI) activity to risk. The AI has also been linked to risky decision-making under acute stress. However, it is yet unknown how naturalistic sleep habits affect risky decision-making and AI activity when individuals feel stressed. In the current study, a daily diary approach was used to document participants' daily stress. Adolescents and adults reported their recent sleep duration and completed two fMRI visits during which they performed a risky decision-making task: once each when they endorsed a high and low level of stress...
December 13, 2016: Neuropsychologia
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