keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pediatric spine

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921731/inter-observer-agreement-in-pediatric-cervical-spine-injury-assessment-between-prehospital-and-emergency-department-providers
#1
Lorin R Browne, Hamilton Schwartz, Fahd A Ahmad, Michael Wallendorf, Nathan Kuppermann, E Brooke Lerner, Julie C Leonard
BACKGROUND: Investigators have derived cervical spine injury (CSI) decision support tools from physician observations. There is a need to demonstrate that prehospital emergency medical services (EMS) providers can use these tools to appropriately determine the need for spinal motion restrictions and make field disposition decisions. OBJECTIVE: To determine the inter-observer agreement between EMS and emergency department (ED) providers for CSI risk assessment variables and overall gestalt for CSI in children after blunt trauma...
September 18, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906338/a-pharmacokinetics-efficacy-and-safety-study-of-gadoterate-meglumine-in-pediatric-subjects-aged-younger-than-2-years
#2
Mario Scala, Meriam Koob, Sophie de Buttet, Philippe Bourrinet, Mathieu Felices, Elzbieta Jurkiewicz
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to investigate the pharmacokinetic profile of gadoterate meglumine in pediatric patients younger than 2 years; the secondary objectives were to document its efficacy and safety. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a Phase IV open-label, prospective study conducted in 9 centers (4 countries). Forty-five patients younger than 2 years with normal estimated glomerular filtration rate and scheduled to undergo routine gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of any organ were included and received a single intravenous injection of gadoterate meglumine (0...
September 12, 2017: Investigative Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904574/multicentric-chordoma-in-a-child
#3
Shighakolli Ramesh, Raju Subodh, Srinadh Boppana, Erukkambattu Jayashankar
Chordomas are primary malignant bone tumors that arise in the axial skeleton, believed to originate from remnants of embryologic notochordal cell rests. Multicentric origin of chordoma is extremely rare. To our literature search, we found only three cases of multicentric chordoma in adults. We report a first case of multicentric chordoma in pediatric age group. A 14-month-old child presented with torticolis and left upper limb monoparesis, imaging showed expansile bony destructive lesion in clivus and dorsal spine simultaneously...
April 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899547/linear-dimensions-of-normal-upper-airway-structure-by-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-chinese-han-infants-and-preschool-children
#4
Xiaoli Yi, Linyin Yao, Xinyu Yuan, Yongxiang Wei, Zhenchang Wang
OBJECTIVES: To establish normative data of upper airway structure in Chinese Han infants and preschool children. METHODS: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of 521 Chinese Han infants and preschool children (225 girls, 296 boys) aged from 1 day to 72 months were selected from the children who underwent head MRI at the Capital Institute of Pediatrics Affiliated Children Hospital, Beijing, China. No subjects had sleep-disordered breathing or associated conditions that may have affected the upper airway anatomy...
September 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887681/pediatric-spine-imaging-post-scoliosis-surgery
#5
Alaa N Alsharief, Ron El-Hawary, Pierre Schmit
Many orthopedic articles describe advances in surgical techniques and implants used in pediatric scoliosis surgery. However, even though postoperative spine imaging constitutes a large portion of outpatient musculoskeletal pediatric radiology, few, if any, radiology articles discuss this topic. There has been interval advancement over the last decades of the orthopedic procedures used in the treatment of spinal scoliosis in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis. The goal of treatment in these patients is to stop the progression of the curve by blocking the spinal growth and correcting the deformity as much as possible...
September 8, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882353/neurophysiological-monitoring-in-radiofrequency-ablation-of-spinal-osteoid-osteoma-with-a-progressive-time-and-temperature-protocol-in-children
#6
Mariano A Nöel, Martin J Segura, Sergio Sierre, Ida A Francheri Wilson, Carlos A Tello, Eduardo Galaretto, Rodrigo G Remondino, María E Talarico, Ernesto S Bersusky, Lucas Piantoni
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective. Level IV Evidence. OBJECTIVE: To assess the utility of intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IONM) to detect and eventually prevent impending neurovascular damage during computed tomography (CT)-guided radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of spinal osteoid osteoma (OO) in children. SUMMARY AND BACKGROUND DATA: To our knowledge, this is the first case series of spinal OO in pediatric patients treated at a single center employing IONM during RFA...
September 2017: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882350/preoperative-norepinephrine-levels-in-cerebrospinal-fluid-and-plasma-correlate-with-pain-intensity-after-pediatric-spine-surgery
#7
Catherine E Ferland, Alexandre J Parent, Neil Saran, Pablo M Ingelmo, Anaïs Lacasse, Serge Marchand, Philippe Sarret, Jean A Ouellet
PURPOSE: Catecholamines were found to be involved in descending pain modulation and associated with perioperative pain. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between preoperative concentrations of catecholamines and postoperative pain intensity of pediatric patients. METHODS: Fifty adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis scheduled for elective spinal fusion surgery were enrolled in this prospective cohort study. Preoperative plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples were collected and analyzed by mass spectrometry...
September 2017: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875929/pediatric-cervical-spine-injuries-with-neurological-deficits-treatment-options-and-potential-for-recovery
#8
Belal Elnady, Essam El-Morshidy, Mohamed El-Meshtawi, Ahmed Shawky
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to highlight the challenges in managing cervical spine injuries in children with neurological deficits. INTRODUCTION: Cervical spine injuries in children are relatively rare. Pattern, severity, and level of these injuries are age dependent. Neurological deficits in young children are uncommon and usually have a good potential for recovery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This report includes four cases with pediatric cervical spine injuries with variable degrees of spinal cord injuries and neurological deficits...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875607/the-role-of-overweight-and-obesity-on-bone-health-in-korean-adolescents-with-a-focus-on-lean-and-fat-mass
#9
Hwa Young Kim, Hae Woon Jung, Hyunsook Hong, Jae Hyun Kim, Choong Ho Shin, Sei Won Yang, Young Ah Lee
As the associations between pediatric overweight/obesity and bone health remain controversial, we investigated the effects of overweight/obesity as well as lean mass (LM) and fat mass (FM) on bone parameters in adolescents. Bone parameters were evaluated using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) data of 982 adolescents (aged 12-19 years) from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2009-2010). Z-scores for LM, FM, bone mass, bone mineral density (BMD), and bone mineral apparent density (BMAD) using Korean pediatric reference values were used for analysis...
October 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874928/magnetic-resonance-imaging-utilization-in-an-emergency-department-observation-unit
#10
Yadiel Sánchez, Brian J Yun, Anand M Prabhakar, McKinley Glover, Benjamin A White, Theodore I Benzer, Ali S Raja
INTRODUCTION: Emergency department observation units (EDOUs) are a valuable alternative to inpatient admissions for ED patients needing extended care. However, while the use of advanced imaging is becoming more common in the ED, there are no studies characterizing the use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations in the EDOU. METHODS: This institutional review board-approved, retrospective study was performed at a 999-bed quaternary care academic Level I adult and pediatric trauma center, with approximately 114,000 ED visits annually and a 32-bed adult EDOU...
August 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874278/characterization-of-the-age-dependent-shape-of-the-pediatric-thoracic-spine-and-vertebrae-using-generalized-procrustes-analysis
#11
James R Peters, Robert M Campbell, Sriram Balasubramanian
Generalized Procrustes Analysis (GPA) is a superimposition method used to generate size-invariant distributions of homologous landmark points. Several studies have used GPA to assess the three-dimensional (3D) shapes of or to evaluate sex-related differences in the human brain, skull, rib cage, pelvis and lower limbs. Previous studies of the pediatric thoracic vertebrae suggest that they may undergo changes in shape asa result of normative growth. This study uses GPA and second order polynomial equations to model growth and age- and sex-related changes in shape of the pediatric thoracic spine...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870307/perioperative-pain-management-in-pediatric-spine-surgery
#12
REVIEW
Benjamin W Sheffer, Derek M Kelly, Leslie N Rhodes, Jeffrey R Sawyer
Pain management after spinal deformity correction surgery for scoliosis in the pediatric population can be difficult. Deformity correction with posterior spinal fusion causes significant tissue trauma. Historically, pain control has been achieved with intravenous opiates. Opiates provide excellent analgesic effect; however, they have serious consequences when used alone. In adult total joint arthroplasty, multimodal pain control has become an increasingly common method to achieve pain control without these sequelae...
October 2017: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864264/a-self-reported-needs-assessment-survey-of-pediatric-orthopaedic-education-in-haiti
#13
Rameez A Qudsi, Heather J Roberts, Abhiram R Bhashyam, Elena Losina, Donald S Bae, Francel Alexis, George S Dyer
OBJECTIVE: The burden of musculoskeletal disease remains high in low-income countries, with a high rate of pediatric disease. Efforts continue for orthopedic education, but there is little guidance on local needs and desires. Our aim was to determine the specific content and modalities that would be most useful for pediatric orthopedic educational programs abroad, and we demonstrate a practical method of identifying country-specific educational deficits through a self-reported needs survey in Haiti...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841111/spinal-drop-metastasis-from-a-benign-fourth-ventricular-choroid-plexus-papilloma-in-a-pediatric-patient-case-report
#14
Ramin A Morshed, Darryl Lau, Peter P Sun, Lauren R Ostling
Choroid plexus papillomas (CPPs) are typically benign tumors that can occur in any age group but are more commonly found in pediatric patients. Although these tumors are benign, there are several reports in adult patients of distant metastases present either at the time of diagnosis or occurring months to years after initial resection. Here, the authors report the case of a 14-year-old boy who presented with symptoms of elevated intracranial pressure due to obstructive hydrocephalus that was caused by a large fourth ventricular mass...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840291/augmented-pressure-distal-colostogram-the-most-important-diagnostic-tool-for-planning-definitive-surgical-repair-of-anorectal-malformations-in-boys
#15
Steven J Kraus, Marc A Levitt, Alberto Peña
There is little current literature on the augmented-pressure distal colostogram, the single most important diagnostic study performed in boys with imperforate anus prior to definitive repair. Accurate understanding of the anatomy of the anorectal malformation including an associated fistulous communication between the rectum and the urogenital tract is essential for optimal surgical management. Specifically, the position of the rectal pouch and recto-urinary fistula relative to posterior sagittal structures of the perineum, especially the sacral spine, dictates the operative approach...
August 24, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840149/bony-morphology-of-femoroacetabular-impingement-in-young-female-dancers-and-single-sport-athletes
#16
Joana L Fraser, Dai Sugimoto, Yi-Men Beng, Pierre D'Hemecourt, Andrea Stracciolini
BACKGROUND: Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is a painful and limiting condition of the hip that is often seen in young athletes. Previous studies have reported a higher prevalence of this disorder in male athletes, but data on the structural morphology of adolescent and young adult female athletes, specifically those involved in dance, are lacking. PURPOSE: (1) To investigate the radiographic morphology of FAI deformities in adolescent and young adult female single-sport dance and nondance athletes and (2) to examine the differences in the radiographic findings between these 2 groups...
August 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837459/the-crankshaft-phenomenon
#17
Robert F Murphy, James F Mooney
The crankshaft phenomenon, a progressive rotational and angular spinal deformity that can occur after posterior spinal surgery, has been reported in pediatric patients with idiopathic, congenital, and neuromuscular scoliosis. In the skeletally immature patient, the crankshaft phenomenon is thought to occur secondary to continued growth of the anterior elements of the spine after solid posterior spinal fusion. The condition has also been reported in the setting of newer, so-called growth-friendly posterior distraction-based spinal instrumentation...
September 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821935/age-related-t2-relaxation-times-at-3-tesla-as-a-biomarker-of-infratentorial-brain-maturation
#18
Eva Bültmann, Loukia M Spineli, Friederike Göhner, Hans Hartmann, Heinrich Lanfermann
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine age-related, infratentorial changes in T2 relaxation times during infancy and childhood using routine MRI data at 3 Tesla. METHODS: One hundred patients (0-199 months) without signal abnormalities on conventional MRI were retrospectively selected from our pool of pediatric MRI examinations. T2 maps based on our routinely acquired triple-echo turbo spin-echo (TSE) sequence were created. Based on their clinical symptoms, the children were divided into 43 controls and 57 diseased children with different clinical diseases...
August 18, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819600/extensively-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-of-the-lumbar-spine-in-a-six-year-old-child-a-case-report
#19
Siddharth Sanjay Shah, Aakanksha Arvind Goregaonkar, Arvind Balkrishna Goregaonkar
INTRODUCTION: The emergence of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) is a challenging paradigm shift faced by the TB control programs worldwide today. The treatment is further compounded with unique management difficulties faced in pediatric patients. Treatment of XDR-TB requires prolonged chemotherapy with second-line drugs which offer lesser potency and increased risk of drug-related side effects. We present a case of spinal XDR-TB in a child, managed with extended second-line antitubercular chemotherapy (ATT)...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817419/the-association-of-fat-and-lean-tissue-with-whole-body-and-spine-bone-mineral-density-is-modified-by-hiv-status-and-sex-in-children-and-youth
#20
Denise L Jacobson, Jane C Lindsey, Brent A Coull, Kathleen Mulligan, Priya Bhagwat, Grace M Aldrovandi
BACKGROUND: HIV-infected (HIV-pos) male children/youth showed lower bone mineral density at sexual maturity than HIV-uninfected (HIV-neg) females. It is not known whether complications of HIV disease, including abnormal body fat distribution, contribute to lower bone accrual in male HIV-pos adolescents. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, we evaluated the relationship between body composition (fat and lean mass) and bone mass in HIV-pos and HIV-neg children/youth and determined if it is modified by HIV status and sex...
August 16, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
keyword
keyword
29503
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"