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Congenital cardiac surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237697/heart-transplantation-in-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease
#1
REVIEW
Lucile Houyel, Ngoc-Tram To-Dumortier, Yannick Lepers, Jérôme Petit, Régine Roussin, Mohamed Ly, Emmanuel Lebret, Elie Fadel, Jürgen Hörer, Sébastien Hascoët
With the advances in congenital cardiac surgery and postoperative care, an increasing number of children with complex congenital heart disease now reach adulthood. There are already more adults than children living with a congenital heart defect, including patients with complex congenital heart defects. Among these adults with congenital heart disease, a significant number will develop ventricular dysfunction over time. Heart failure accounts for 26-42% of deaths in adults with congenital heart defects. Heart transplantation, or heart-lung transplantation in Eisenmenger syndrome, then becomes the ultimate therapeutic possibility for these patients...
February 22, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237272/parents-perceptions-of-healthcare-providers-caring-nothing-is-too-small-for-parents-and-children-with-congenital-heart-disease-hospitalized-for-heart-surgery
#2
Holly Wei, Cecelia I Roscigno, Kristen M Swanson
BACKGROUND: Parents of children with congenial heart disease (CHD) face frequent healthcare encounters due to their child's care trajectory. With an emphasis on assuring caring in healthcare, it is necessary to understand parents' perceptions of healthcare providers' actions when their child undergoes heart surgery. OBJECTIVES: To describe parents' perceptions of healthcare providers' actions when their child is diagnosed with CHD and undergoes heart surgery. METHODS: This is a qualitative study with in-depth interviews...
February 22, 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230264/isolated-aneurysms-of-the-membranous-ventricular-septum-without-residual-shunts-systematic-review-and-description-of-3-cases-in-adults
#3
REVIEW
Ali Abdul Jabbar, Omar Mufti, Wojciech Mazur, Muhammad Bilal Quraishi, Bal K Srivastava, Vijay Tivakaran
A ventricular septal defect is the most common congenital cardiac abnormality encountered in infants and children. Many of them survive through adulthood before diagnosis. Two-thirds of the cases involve the membranous part of the septum. In the absence of an interventricular shunt or concomitant cardiac surgery, guidelines for surgical intervention or resection of isolated aneurysms of the membranous septum are not well established. In this report, we discuss a multi-imaging modality approach for the diagnosis and assessment of membranous ventricular septal aneurysms and review the experts' consensuses for follow-up and treatment strategies...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229912/mid-diastolic-left-ventricular-volume-and-mass-normal-values-for-coronary-computed-tomography-angiography
#4
Daniel Juneau, Fernanda Erthal, Owen Clarkin, Atif Alzahrani, Ali Alenazy, Alomgir Hossain, Joao R Inacio, Girish Dwivedi, Alexander J Dick, Frank J Rybicki, Benjamin J W Chow
BACKGROUND: The adoption of prospectively ECG-triggered acquisition coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) has resulted in the inability to measure left ventricle (LV) end-diastolic volume and LV ejection fraction. However other prognostic measures such as LV mass and LV mid-diastolic volume (LVMDV) can still be assessed. The objective of this study is to establish normal reference values for LVMDV and LV mass. METHODS: Left ventricular mid-diastolic volumes and LV mass were prospectively measured in 2647 consecutive 'normal' patients undergoing prospectively ECG-triggered coronary CTA...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221263/use-of-model-based-iterative-reconstruction-to-improve-detection-of-congenital-cardiovascular-anomalies-in-infants-undergoing-free-breathing-computed-tomographic-angiography
#5
Seth Kligerman, Ferdia Bolster, Jason Mitchell, Travis Henry, Jean Jeudy, Charles S White
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to assess the detection of congenital cardiovascular anomalies (congenital heart disease) in neonates and infants using model-based iterative reconstruction (MBIR) algorithm compared with hybrid iterative reconstruction (HIR) and filtered back projection (FBP) reconstructions on axial computed tomography (CT) performed at minimum scanner dose. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over 1 year, all CT angiographies performed in infants below 3 months of age with congenital heart disease were assessed retrospectively...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219544/the-society-of-thoracic-surgeons-congenital-heart-surgery-database-2017-update-on-outcomes-and-quality
#6
Jeffrey P Jacobs, John E Mayer, Constantine Mavroudis, Sean M O'Brien, Erle H Austin, Sara K Pasquali, Kevin D Hill, David M Overman, James D St Louis, Tara Karamlou, Christian Pizarro, Jennifer C Hirsch-Romano, Donna McDonald, Jane M Han, Susan Becker, Christo I Tchervenkov, Francois Lacour-Gayet, Carl L Backer, Charles D Fraser, James S Tweddell, Martin J Elliott, Hal Walters, Richard A Jonas, Richard L Prager, David M Shahian, Marshall L Jacobs
The Society of Thoracic Surgeons Congenital Heart Surgery Database is the largest congenital and pediatric cardiac surgical clinical data registry in the world. It is the platform for all activities of The Society of Thoracic Surgeons related to the analysis of outcomes and the improvement of quality in this subspecialty. This report summarizes current aggregate national outcomes in congenital and pediatric cardiac surgery and reviews related activities in the areas of quality measurement, performance improvement, and transparency...
March 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218213/surgical-treatment-of-double-outlet-right-ventricle-complicated-by-pulmonary-hypertension
#7
Qing-Yu Wu, Dong-Hai Li, Hong-Yin Li, Ming-Kui Zhang, Zhong-Hua Xu, Hui Xue
BACKGROUND: Double outlet right ventricle (DORV) is a group of complex congenital heart abnormalities. Preoperative pulmonary hypertension (PH) is considered an important risk factor for early death during the surgical treatment of DORV. The aim of this study was to report our experience on surgical treatment of DORV complicated by PH. METHODS: From June 2004 to November 2016, 61 patients (36 males and 25 females) aged 2 weeks to 26 years (median: 0.67 years and interquartile range: 0...
2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217850/correlates-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease
#8
Bahareh Eslami
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to compare the level of posttraumatic stress disorder between adults with and without congenital heart disease, and to examine the correlates of posttraumatic stress disorder (e.g., sociodemographics). DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Two university-affiliated heart hospitals in Tehran, Iran. PATIENTS: A sample of 347 adults with congenital heart disease aged 18-64 years (52% women), and 353 adults without congenital heart disease matched by sex and age (±2 years) was recruited...
February 20, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214967/increased-atrial-%C3%AE-adrenergic-receptors-and-grk-2-gene-expression-can-play-a-fundamental-role-in-heart-failure-after-repair-of-congenital-heart-disease-with-cardiopulmonary-bypass
#9
Marcela Silva Oliveira, Fabio Carmona, Walter V A Vicente, Paulo H Manso, Karina M Mata, Mara Rúbia Celes, Erica C Campos, Simone G Ramos
Surgeries to correct congenital heart diseases are increasing in Brazil and worldwide. However, even with the advances in surgical techniques and perfusion, some cases, especially the more complex ones, can develop heart failure and death. A retrospective study of patients who underwent surgery for correction of congenital heart diseases with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in a university tertiary-care hospital that died, showed infarction in different stages of evolution and scattered microcalcifications in the myocardium, even without coronary obstruction...
February 18, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205344/utility-of-a-standardized-postcardiopulmonary-bypass-epicardial-echocardiography-protocol-for-stage-i-norwood-palliation
#10
Kenan W D Stern, Kimberlee Gauvreau, Sitaram Emani, Tal Geva
OBJECTIVE: Stage 1 Norwood palliation is one of the highest risk procedures in congenital cardiac surgery. Patients with superior technical performance scores have more favorable outcomes. Intraoperative epicardial echocardiography may allow the surgeon to address residual lesions prior to leaving the operating room, resulting in improved technical performance. The ability of intraoperative epicardial echocardiography to visualize the relevant anatomy and its association with outcomes is not known...
February 16, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197291/postoperative-right-ventricular-failure-in-cardiac-surgery
#11
REVIEW
Victor H Nieto Estrada, Daniel L Molano Franco, Albert A Valencia Moreno, Jose A Rojas Gambasica, Cristian C Cortes Nunez
Two cases of patients that developed right ventricular failure (RVF) after cardiac valve surgery are presented with a narrative revision of the literature. RVF involves a great challenge due to the severity of this condition; it has a low incidence among non-congenital cardiac surgery patients, is more likely associated with cardiovascular and pulmonary complications related to cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), and is a cause of acute graft failure and of a higher early mortality in cardiac transplant. The morphologic and hemodynamic characteristics of the right ventricle and some specific factors that breed pulmonary hypertension after cardiac surgery are in favor of the onset of RVF...
December 2016: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197280/predictors-of-permanent-pacemaker-implantation-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-and-valve-surgery-in-adult-patients-in-current-surgical-era
#12
Bandar Al-Ghamdi, Yaseen Mallawi, Azam Shafquat, Alexandra Ledesma, Nadiah AlRuwaili, Mohamed Shoukri, Shahid Khan, Aly Al Sanei
BACKGROUND: Permanent pacemaker (PPM) implantation after cardiac surgery is required in 0.4-6% of patients depending on cardiac surgery type. PPM implantation in the early postoperative period may reduce morbidity and postoperative hospital stay. We performed a retrospective review of electronic medical records of adult patients with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), valve surgery, or both, over a 3-year period. Our aim was to identify predictors of PPM requirements and PPM dependency on follow-up in the current surgical era...
August 2016: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196823/cor-triatriatum-sinistrum-presentation-of-syncope-and-atrial-tachycardia
#13
Malcolm Avari, Sunil Nair, Zofia Kozlowska, Samer Nashef
We present a rather unusual cause for syncope associated with atrial tachycardia. A man aged 39 years presented with an episode of syncope and narrow complex tachycardia. Further investigations, including transoesophageal echocardiography, identified cor triatriatum sinistrum (CTS), a rare congenital abnormality characterised by the atrium being divided by a fibrous membrane. Although it is rare, there has been an increase in diagnosis due to developments in diagnostic imaging techniques. Symptoms are related to the size of fenestrations within the fibrous membrane...
February 14, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193800/cardiovascular-and-ventilatory-consequences-of-laparoscopic-surgery
#14
Tamara M Atkinson, George D Giraud, Brandon M Togioka, Daniel B Jones, Joaquin E Cigarroa
Although laparoscopic surgery accounts for >2 million surgical procedures every year, the current preoperative risk scores and guidelines do not adequately assess the risks of laparoscopy. In general, laparoscopic procedures have a lower risk of morbidity and mortality compared with operations requiring a midline laparotomy. During laparoscopic surgery, carbon dioxide insufflation may produce significant hemodynamic and ventilatory consequences such as increased intraabdominal pressure and hypercarbia. Hemodynamic insults secondary to increased intraabdominal pressure include increased afterload and preload and decreased cardiac output, whereas ventilatory consequences include increased airway pressures, hypercarbia, and decreased pulmonary compliance...
February 14, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190549/comparing-del-nido-and-conventional-cardioplegia-in-infants-and-neonates-in-congenital-heart-surgery
#15
Kamal K Pourmoghadam, Mark Ruzmetov, Michael C O'Brien, Kurt D Piggott, Gary Plancher, Sukumar Suguna Narasimhulu, Tavya Benjamin, William M Decampli
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate outcome measures after the use of del Nido (dN) cardioplegia compared with conventional multidose high-potassium (non-dN) cardioplegia in neonates and infants. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data in patients, aged younger than 1 year, undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) from January 2012 to August 2015. We changed our cardioplegia protocol from non-dN to dN administered in a single or infrequently dosed strategy in September 2013...
February 9, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186248/trends-and-outcomes-in-neonatal-cardiac-surgery-for-congenital-heart-disease-in-japan-from-1996-to-2010
#16
Tomomi Hasegawa, Munetaka Masuda, Meinoshin Okumura, Hirokuni Arai, Junjiro Kobayashi, Yoshikatsu Saiki, Kazuo Tanemoto, Hiroshi Nishida, Noboru Motomura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178121/a-case-report-of-congenital-umbilical-arteriovenous-malformation-complicated-with-liver-failure-after-surgical-excision
#17
Ji-Won Han, Hyun-Young Kim, Sung-Eun Jung
RATIONALE: Few case reports of umbilical arteriovenous malformation (AVM) have been reported. Herein, we report a neonatal case of umbilical AVM who underwent liver failure after surgical excision. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient was a girl delivered at a gestational age of 39+5 weeks showing cyanosis and heart murmur. DIAGNOSES: Cardiac echography, abdominal ultrasonography (USG), and computed tomography revealed suspecting the umbilical AVM...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169262/presence-of-aggregatibacter-actinomycetemcomitans-in-saliva-and-cardiac-tissue-samples-of-children-with-congenital-heart-disease
#18
Elif Bozdogan, Nursen Topcuoglu, Gurkan Cetin, Ismail Haberal, Guven Kulekci, Oya Aktoren
AIM: The purpose of this study was to analyze the presence of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans in saliva and cardiac tissue samples of children requiring cardiac surgery in Istanbul, Turkey. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Twenty-five patients (mean age: 6.24 ± 2.93) undergoing surgery for congenital heart defects (CHDs) and an age/gender-matched control group of 25 healthy children were enrolled in the study. Saliva samples were collected from all children; plaque index (PI) and gingival index (GI) were also determined...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163425/elective-nasal-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-to-support-respiration-after-prolonged-ventilation-in-infants-after-congenital-cardiac-surgery
#19
Hemang Gandhi, Amit Mishra, Rajesh Thosani, Himanshu Acharya, Ritesh Shah, Jigar Surti, Alpesh Sarvaia
BACKGROUND: We sought to compare the effectiveness of oxygen (O2) treatment administered by an O2 mask and nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) in infants after congenital cardiac surgery. METHODS: In this retrospective observational study, 54 infants undergoing corrective cardiac surgery were enrolled. According to the anesthesiologist's preference, the patients ventilated for more than 48 h were either put on NCPAP or O2 mask immediately after extubation...
January 2017: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162139/clinical-application-of-three-dimensional-printing-to-the-management-of-complex-univentricular-hearts-with-abnormal-systemic-or-pulmonary-venous-drainage
#20
Eimear McGovern, Eoin Kelleher, Aisling Snow, Kevin Walsh, Bassem Gadallah, Shelby Kutty, John M Redmond, Colin J McMahon
In recent years, three-dimensional printing has demonstrated reliable reproducibility of several organs including hearts with complex congenital cardiac anomalies. This represents the next step in advanced image processing and can be used to plan surgical repair. In this study, we describe three children with complex univentricular hearts and abnormal systemic or pulmonary venous drainage, in whom three-dimensional printed models based on CT data assisted with preoperative planning. For two children, after group discussion and examination of the models, a decision was made not to proceed with surgery...
February 6, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
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