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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103495/emotion-socialization-and-internalizing-behavior-problems-in-diverse-youth-a-bidirectional-relationship-across-childhood
#1
Naomi V Rodas, Denise A Chavira, Bruce L Baker
Mothers' and fathers' emotion socialization (ES) practices have been widely associated with child socioemotional outcomes. To extend this research, we examined the bidirectional relationship between parent ES practices (supportive and non-supportive parenting) and internalizing behavior problems in children of Anglo and Latino parents. Participants were 182 mothers and 162 fathers and their children with or without intellectual disability (ID). We compared the stability of mother and father ES practices across child ages 4-8...
January 16, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103492/a-novel-type-of-gene-interaction-in-d-melanogaster
#2
B F Chadov, E V Chadova, N B Fedorova
The genes interact according to classical mechanisms, namely, complementation, modification, polymery, and epistasis, in the cells and organisms carrying these genes. Here we describe a novel type of gene interaction when the interacting genes reside in parents, whereas the interaction event takes place in their progenies lacking these genes. The conditional mutations in the D. melanogaster male X chromosome caused the "prohibition on producing daughters" in its offspring. The chromosomal rearrangements in chromosomes 2 and 3 of its female partner removed the prohibition...
January 11, 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103443/effects-of-childhood-asthma-on-the-development-of-obesity-among-school-aged-children
#3
Zhanghua Chen, Muhammad T Salam, Tanya L Alderete, Rima Habre, Theresa M Bastain, Kiros Berhane, Frank D Gilliland
RATIONALE: Asthma and obesity often occur together in children. It is unknown whether asthma contributes to the childhood obesity epidemic. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the effects of asthma and asthma medication use on the development of childhood obesity. METHODS: The primary analysis was conducted among 2,171 non-obese children who were 5-8 years of age at study enrollment in the Southern California Children's Health Study (CHS) and were followed for up to 10 years...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103413/parental-orders-and-the-rights-of-surrogate-mothers
#4
Nathan Hodson, Susan Bewley
Obstetricians need to be aware of potential legal changes which may impact the doctor-patient relationship in surrogacy cases. Presently, English law recognises the surrogate as the mother. After giving birth, she may hand over the baby. The commissioning couple then apply for Parental Orders and become legal parents if the conditions in the Surrogacy Arrangements Act 1985 are met. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
January 19, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103294/community-based-entomological-surveillance-reveals-urban-foci-of-chagas-disease-vectors-in-sobral-state-of-cear%C3%A3-northeastern-brazil
#5
Cynara Carvalho Parente, Fernando S M Bezerra, Plutarco I Parente, Raimundo V Dias-Neto, Samanta C C Xavier, Alberto N Ramos, Filipe A Carvalho-Costa, Marli M Lima
BACKGROUND: The aim of this work was to explore the potential risk of vector-borne Chagas disease in urban districts in northeastern Brazil, by analyzing the spatiotemporal distributions and natural infection rates with Trypanosoma cruzi of triatomine species captured in recent years. The main motivation of this work was an acute human case of Chagas disease reported in 2008 in the municipality of Sobral. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We analyzed data from community-based entomological surveillance carried out from 2010 to 2014...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103276/comparison-of-the-effect-of-two-kinds-of-iranian-honey-and-diphenhydramine-on-nocturnal-cough-and-the-sleep-quality-in-coughing-children-and-their-parents
#6
Parviz Ayazi, Abolfazl Mahyar, Mahdieh Yousef-Zanjani, Abbas Allami, Neda Esmailzadehha, Taraneh Beyhaghi
Coughing in a child induced by upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) can be a problem, both for the child and its parents. Current studies show a lack of proven efficacy for over-the counter (OTC) medications, but promising data support the use of honey for children. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of two kinds of Iranian honey with diphenhydramine (DPH) on nocturnal pediatric coughs and the sleep quality of children and their parents. This was a clinical trial (registered in IRCT; No...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103266/adherence-to-prophylaxis-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-severe-haemophilia-a-quantitative-study-with-patients
#7
Sandra B van Os, Nick A Troop, Keith R Sullivan, Daniel P Hart
INTRODUCTION: haemophilia is an inherited bleeding disorder caused by a deficiency in one of the blood coagulation factors. For people affected by severe haemophilia, the deficiency can cause spontaneous internal bleeding. Most young people with severe haemophilia in the UK follow a preventative treatment regimen (prophylaxis) consisting of several intravenous injections of factor concentrate each week. There is good evidence that prophylaxis reduces bleeds whilst also improving quality of life...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103183/association-between-parent-television-viewing-practices-and-setting-rules-to-limit-the-television-viewing-time-of-their-8-to-12-year-old-children-minnesota-2011-2015
#8
Martha Y Kubik, Olga V Gurvich, Jayne A Fulkerson
INTRODUCTION: Television (TV) viewing is popular among adults and children, and child TV-viewing time is positively associated with parent TV-viewing time. Efforts to limit the TV-viewing time of children typically target parent rule-setting. However, little is known about the association between parent TV-viewing practices and rule-setting. METHODS: We used baseline height and weight data and survey data collected from 2011 through 2015 on parents and their 8- to 12-year-old children (N = 212 parent/child dyads) who were participants in 2 community-based obesity prevention intervention trials conducted in metropolitan Minnesota...
January 19, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103181/positive-schemas-psychopathology-and-quality-of-life-in-children-with-pediatric-cancer-a-pilot-study
#9
Brae Anne McArthur, Douglas Strother, Fiona Schulte
PURPOSE: Research in the area of pediatric oncology has shown that although some children and youth diagnosed with this disease cope adaptively after their diagnosis, others continue to have long-term psychosocial difficulties. The potential mechanisms that may protect against the experience of psychopathology and poor quality of life within this population are not well known. The purpose of this pilot study was to utilize a new comprehensive measure of positive schemas to better understand the relationship between positive schemas, quality of life, and psychopathology, for children on active treatment for cancer...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103110/engaging-fathers-in-effective-parenting-for-preschool-children-using-shared-book-reading-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Anil Chacko, Gregory A Fabiano, Greta L Doctoroff, Beverly Fortson
Engaging fathers and improving their parenting and, in turn, outcomes for their children in preventive/promotion-focused parenting interventions has been a notable, but understudied, challenge in the field. This study evaluated the effects of a novel intervention, Fathers Supporting Success in Preschoolers: A Community Parent Education Program, which focuses on integrating behavioral parent training with shared book reading (i.e., Dialogic Reading) using key conceptual models (i.e., common elements, deployment model, task shifting) to engage and improve father (i...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103064/divergent-trends-in-us-maternity-and-paternity-leave-1994-2015
#11
Jay L Zagorsky
OBJECTIVES: To determine the number and type of US workers taking maternity or paternity leave. METHODS: We created a publicly available ecological long-term series for measuring parental leave from 1994 to 2015 by using the Current Population Survey, which interviews about 60 000 randomly selected households monthly. RESULTS: The average month from 1994 to 2015 saw 273 000 women and 13 000 men on maternity or paternity leave. Maternity leave rates per 10 000 births showed no trend over 22 years (mean = 677...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103015/antimicrobial-activity-ame-resistance-and-translation-inhibition-studies-of-anthraquinone-neomycin-conjugates
#12
Natalya N Degtyareva, Changjun Gong, Sandra Story, Nathanael Levinson, Adegboyega K Oyelere, Keith D Green, Sylvie Garneau-Tsodikova, Dev Priya Arya
The antibacterial effects of aminoglycosides are based on their association with the A-site of bacterial ribosomal RNA and interference with the translational process in the bacterial cell, causing cell death. The clinical use of aminoglycosides is complicated by resistance and side effects, some of which arise from their interactions with the human mitochondrial 12S rRNA and its deafness-associated mutations, C1494U and A1555G. We report a rapid assay that allows screening of aminoglycoside compounds to these classes of rRNAs...
January 19, 2017: ACS Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102992/environmental-factors-associated-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-scoping-review-for-the-years-2003-2013
#13
M Ng, J G de Montigny, M Ofner, M T Do
INTRODUCTION: The number of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been rapidly rising in the past decade. The etiology of this disorder, however, is largely unknown, although the environmental relative to the genetic contribution is substantial. We conducted a scoping review to comprehensively assess the current state of knowledge of the environmental factors present from preconception to early life associated with ASD, and to identify research gaps. METHODS: We searched electronic databases MEDLINE, PsycINFO and ERIC for articles on potential risk factors or protective factors from the physical and social environments associated with ASD and its subclassifications published between 1 January, 2003, and 12 July, 2013...
January 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102915/transgenerational-effects-alter-plant-defense-and-resistance-in-nature
#14
Jack Colicchio
Trichomes, or leaf hairs, are epidermal extensions that take a variety of forms and perform many functions in plants, including herbivore defense. In this study, I document genetically determined variation, within-generation plasticity, and a direct role of trichomes in herbivore defense for Mimulus guttatus. After establishing the relationship between trichomes and herbivory, I test for transgenerational effects of wounding on trichome density and herbivore resistance. Patterns of inter-annual variation in herbivore density and the high cost of plant defense makes plant-herbivore interactions a system in which transgenerational phenotypic plasticity (TPP) is apt to evolve...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102853/skin-to-skin-contact-after-birth-and-the-natural-course-of-neurosteroid-levels-in-healthy-term-newborns
#15
K R McCallie, N W Gaikwad, M E Castillo Cuadrado, M Aleman, J E Madigan, D K Stevenson, V K Bhutani
OBJECTIVE: To determine the postnatal course of neurosteroid levels in relation to gender, mode of delivery and the extent of skin-to-skin (STS) contact during the first days of life in healthy term newborns. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational study of 39 neonates in which parents recorded total duration of STS in the first 2 days and nine neurosteroids (dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate, progesterone, pregnenolone, pregnenolone-sulfate, allopregnanolone, isopregnanolone, epipregnanolone, pregnanolone and pregnanolone-sulfate) were assayed from blood samples at birth and at 1-2 days of age...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102676/novel-antitumor-platinum-ii-conjugates-containing-the-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-agent-diclofenac-synthesis-and-dual-mechanisms-of-antiproliferative-effects
#16
Francesco Paolo Intini, Juraj Zajac, Vojtech Novohradsky, Teresa Saltarella, Concetta Pacifico, Viktor Brabec, Giovanni Natile, Jana Kasparkova
One concept how to improve anticancer effects of conventional metallodrugs consists in conjugation of these compounds with other biologically (antitumor) active agents, acting by a different mechanism. Here, we present synthesis, biological effects, and mechanisms of action of new Pt(II) derivatives containing one or two nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory diclofenac (DCF) ligands also known for their antitumor effects. The antiproliferative properties of these metallic conjugates show that these compounds are potent and cancer cell selective cytotoxic agents exhibiting activity in cisplatin resistant and the COX-2 positive tumor cell lines...
January 19, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102652/changing-rural-and-urban-enrollment-in-state-medicaid-programs
#17
Abigail R Barker, Kelsey Huntzberry, Timothy D McBride, Keith J Mueller
Purpose. From October 2013—before implementation of the Affordable Care Act (ACA)—to November 2016, Medicaid enrollment grew by 27 percent. However, very little attention has been paid to date to how changes in Medicaid enrollment vary within states across the rural-urban continuum. This brief reports and analyzes changes in enrollment in metropolitan, micropolitan, and rural (noncore) areas in both expansion states (those that used ACA funding to expand Medicaid coverage) and nonexpansion states (those that did not use ACA funding to expand Medicaid coverage)...
2017: Rural Policy Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102619/editorial-making-clinical-trials-smarter-and-more-interesting
#18
EDITORIAL
R M Pasco Fearon
At its heart, the field of child psychology and psychiatry is geared towards using science to develop interventions that promote children's healthy development and treat behavioural and emotional difficulties when they arise. While there have been some successes (e.g. stimulant medication for ADHD, parent training for child conduct problems, Fonagy et al., ) serious challenges lie ahead if we are to achieve reliable and lasting improvements for a larger number of children, and for a broader spectrum of problems...
February 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102595/-they-can-t-find-anything-wrong-with-him-yet-mothers-experiences-of-parenting-an-infant-with-a-prenatally-diagnosed-copy-number-variant-cnv
#19
Allison Werner-Lin, Sarah Walser, Frances K Barg, Barbara A Bernhardt
Chromosome microarray (CMA) testing is used widely in prenatal settings. Some copy number variants (CNVs) detected using CMA are associated with variable or uncertain phenotype and/or possible neurocognitive involvement. Little is known about parenting an infant following such findings. Researchers conducted interviews with 23 mothers of infants diagnosed prenatally with a potentially pathogenic CNV to elicit perspectives on the child's development and disclosure of results to others. Interviews were audiotaped and analyzed for common themes...
February 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102549/enhancing-capillary-blood-collection-the-influence-of-nicotinic-acid-and-nonivamide
#20
Christian Moro, Jessica Bass, Anna Mae Scott, Elisa F D Canetti
BACKGROUND: Nicotinic acid and nonivamide are often applied topically during capillary blood collection to induce vasodilation. These molecules may have an influence on immune effector cell activity in nearby tissues. This study investigates whether the induction of flushing by nicotinic acid and nonivamide causes an inflammatory response that influences the composition of immune cells present in a capillary blood sample. METHODS: Females aged between 18 and 30 years old provided capillary blood samples...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
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