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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535475/relationships-between-parental-attitudes-family-functioning-and-internet-gaming-disorder-in-adolescents-attending-school
#1
Céline Bonnaire, Olivier Phan
While recent data suggest a high prevalence of adolescent with Internet gaming disorder, little is known about interpersonal factors that contributes or protect to this disorder. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine the relationships between parental attitudes, adolescent perception of family functioning and Internet gaming disorder (IGD) and explore gender differences. From a sample of 434 adolescents attending school (n =434; age 13.2 years), 383 non-problematic gamers (NPG, 196 males; 187 females) were compared with 37 problematic gamers (PG, 29 males; 8 females)...
May 17, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535364/dental-decay-phenotype-in-nonsyndromic-orofacial-clefting
#2
B J Howe, M E Cooper, G L Wehby, J M Resick, N L Nidey, L C Valencia-Ramirez, A M Lopez-Palacio, D Rivera, A R Vieira, S M Weinberg, M L Marazita, L M Moreno Uribe
Although children with oral clefts have a higher risk for dental anomalies when compared with the general population, prior studies have shown conflicting results regarding their dental decay risk. Also, few studies have assessed dental decay risk in unaffected relatives of children with clefts. Thus, the question of increased risk of dental decay in individuals with oral clefts or their unaffected relatives is still open for empirical investigation. This study characterizes dental decay in the largest international cohort to date of children with nonsyndromic clefts and their relatives, as compared with controls, and it addresses whether families with oral clefts have a significantly increased risk for dental decay versus the general population...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535301/life-events-and-black-white-differences-in-adult-children-s-financial-assistance-to-mothers
#3
Sung S Park
Background and Objectives: Parents who experience life events with negative economic consequences may rely on adult children for financial assistance. This study provided national estimates of Black and White mothers' financial help from adult children. It also examined whether the Black-White difference in the likelihood of a mother's receipt of financial assistance persisted after accounting for life events reflecting parental need and children's ability to provide help. Research Design and Methods: The Health and Retirement Study was used to examine late middle aged (51-70) Black and White mothers' financial help from adult children...
May 23, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535257/correlates-of-picky-eating-and-food-neophobia-in-young-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Natasha Chong Cole, Ruopeng An, Soo-Yeun Lee, Sharon M Donovan
Picky eating behavior is prevalent among toddlers and may negatively impact their growth and development. This article summarizes the correlates of picky eating and food neophobia in young children, which were identified using a socio-ecological framework. A literature search was conducted in 4 electronic databases. Inclusion criteria were English-language peer-reviewed publications that investigated correlate(s) of picky eating or food neophobia in children aged ≤30 months. Correlates were categorized into 4 levels: cell, child, clan (family), and community/country...
May 23, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535175/parental-age-and-risk-of-pediatric-cancer-in-the-offspring-a-population-based-record-linkage-study-in-california
#5
Rong Wang, Catherine Metayer, Libby Morimoto, Joseph L Wiemels, Andrew T DeWan, Alice Kang, Xiaomei Ma
By linking birth records and cancer registry data from California, we conducted a population-based study with 23,419 cases and 87,593 matched controls born in 1978-2009 to investigate the relation of parental age to risk of pediatric cancer. Compared to children born to mothers aged 20-24 years, those born to mothers in older age groups had a 13% to 36% increased risk of pediatric cancer, the odds ratio (OR) for each 5-year maternal age increase was 1.06 (95% confidence interval[CI]: 1.04,1.09). For cancer diagnosed at 0-14 and 15-19 years, the OR for each 5-year increase in maternal age was1...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535174/probabilistic-multiple-bias-modelling-applied-to-the-canadian-data-from-the-interphone-study-of-mobile-phone-use-and-risk-of-glioma-meningioma-acoustic-neuroma-and-parotid-gland-tumors
#6
F Momoli, J Siemiatycki, M L McBride, M-É Parent, L Richardson, D Bedard, R Platt, M Vrijheid, E Cardis, D Krewski
We undertook a re-analysis of the Canadian data from the thirteen-country INTERPHONE case-control study (2001-2004), which evaluated the association between mobile phone use and risk of brain, acoustic neuroma, and parotid gland tumors. The main publication of the multinational INTERPHONE study concluded that "biases and errors prevent a causal interpretation". We applied a probabilistic multiple-bias model to address possible biases simultaneously, using validation data from billing records and non-participant questionnaires as information on recall error and selective participation...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535165/parental-body-mass-index-and-behavioral-problems-in-their-offspring-a-danish-national-birth-cohort-study
#7
Susanne Hvolgaard Mikkelsen, Lena Hohwü, Jørn Olsen, Bodil Hammer Bech, Zeyan Liew, Carsten Obel
Maternal obesity has been associated with increased risk of offspring behavioral problems. We examined whether this association could be explained by familial factors by comparing associations for maternal body mass index (BMI) with associations for paternal BMI. We studied 38,314 children born to mothers enrolled in the Danish National Birth Cohort during 1996-2002. Data on maternal BMI was collected at 15 weeks of gestation, and paternal BMI was assessed when the child was 18 months old. When the child was 7 years old, the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire was completed by the parents...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534864/study-on-the-alkylation-reactions-of-n-7-unsubstituted-1-3-diazaoxindoles
#8
Eszter Kókai, Judit Halász, András Dancsó, József Nagy, Gyula Simig, Balázs Volk
The chemistry of the 5,7-dihydro-6H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-6-one (1,3-diazaoxindole) compound family, possessing a drug-like scaffold, is unexplored. In this study, the alkylation reactions of N(7)-unsubstituted 5-isopropyl-1,3-diazaoxindoles bearing various substituents at the C(2) position have been investigated. The starting compounds were synthesized from the C(5)-unsubstituted parent compounds by condensation with acetone and subsequent catalytic reduction of the 5-isopropylidene moiety. Alkylation of the thus obtained 5-isopropyl derivatives with methyl iodide or benzyl bromide in the presence of a large excess of sodium hydroxide led to 5,7-disubstituted derivatives...
May 19, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534822/violence-victimization-in-korean-adolescents-risk-factors-and-psychological-problems
#9
Subin Park, Yeeun Lee, Hyesue Jang, Minkyung Jo
We examined the risk factors for and psychological problems associated with violence victimization in a nationwide representative sample of Korean adolescents. Data from the 2016 Korean Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey was used. Participants were asked about their experience of being a victim of violence that required medical treatment during the past 12 months, as well as their perceived health, happiness, sleep satisfaction, stress, depressed mood, and suicidality. The 12-month prevalence of violence victimization requiring medical treatment was 2...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534715/knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviors-related-to-child-safety-restraint-in-citizens-of-shenzhen-municipality-china-and-the-associations-between-these-factors
#10
Shengyuan Liu, Haibin Zhou, Jianping Ma, Changyi Wang, Zhongwei Chen, Sihan Chen, Yingzhou Yang, Xiaoli Liu, Ji Peng, Leilei Duan, Xiao Deng
Objective-A child safety restraint (CSR) is an effective measure to reduce the risk of child injury from traffic collisions. This study aims to explore knowledge, attitudes and behaviors regarding CSR in a Chinese population. Methods-A cross-sectional survey regarding CSR use was conducted from April to May 2014 in Shenzhen Municipality. Respondents were parents who had at least one child 0 to 6 years of age and simultaneously owned a car. These parents provided a self-report of demographic characteristics as well as information about their knowledge, attitudes and behaviors toward CSR use...
May 23, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534693/exploring-the-icf-cy-as-a-framework-to-inform-transition-programs-from-pediatric-to-adult-healthcare
#11
Laura R Hartman, Amy C McPherson, Joanne Maxwell, Sally Lindsay
OBJECTIVE: To explore the utility of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health-Children and Youth Version (ICF-CY) for informing transition-related programs for youth with chronic conditions moving into adult healthcare settings, using an exemplar spina bifida program. METHODS: Semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with 53 participants (9 youth and 11 parents who participated in a spina bifida transition program, 12 young adults who did not, 12 clinicians, and 9 key informants involved in development/implementation)...
May 23, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534689/parent-experiences-of-variations-in-service-delivery-of-rapid-syllable-transition-rest-treatment-for-childhood-apraxia-of-speech
#12
Donna C Thomas, Patricia McCabe, Kirrie J Ballard, Geraldine Bricker-Katz
PURPOSE: To understand parents' perceptions of Rapid Syllable Transition (ReST) treatment and their experience of either telehealth or combined parent-clinician delivery of speech-language pathology. METHOD: Thematic analyses of semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 parents (5 telehealth, 5 parent-clinician) after their child completed 12 sessions of ReST treatment. RESULTS: Three themes were unique to telehealth: "telehealth was a million times easier," "technical problems weren't deal breakers," and "telehealth therapy has different boundaries...
May 23, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534656/early-development-in-rett-syndrome-the-benefits-and-difficulties-of-a-birth-cohort-approach
#13
Peter B Marschik, Sanne Lemcke, Christa Einspieler, Dajie Zhang, Sven Bölte, Gillian S Townend, Marlene B Lauritsen
PURPOSES: Typically, early (pre-diagnostic) development in individuals later diagnosed with Rett syndrome (RTT) has been investigated retrospectively using parent reports, medical records and analysis of home videos. In recent years, prospective research designs have been increasingly applied to the investigation of early development in individuals with late phenotypical onset disorders, for example, autism spectrum disorder. METHODS: In this study, data collected by the Danish National Birth Cohort lent itself to prospective exploration of the early development of RTT, in particular early motor-, speech-language, and socio-communicative behaviors, mood, and sleep...
May 23, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534578/photolysis-and-cellular-toxicities-of-the-organic-ultraviolet-filter-chemical-octyl-methoxycinnamate-and-its-photoproducts
#14
Hannah V Stein, Courtney J Berg, Jessica N Maung, Lauren E O'Connor, Alexandra E Pagano, Laura A MacManus-Spencer, Margot G Paulick
Organic ultraviolet filter chemicals (UVFCs) are the active ingredients used in many sunscreens to protect the skin from UV light; these chemicals have been detected in numerous aquatic environments leading to concerns about how they might affect aquatic organisms and humans. One commonly used organic UVFC is octyl methoxycinnamate (OMC), better known by its commercial name, octinoxate. Upon exposure to UV light, OMC degrades rapidly, forming numerous photoproducts, some of which have been previously identified...
May 23, 2017: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534570/au38cu1-2-pet-24-nanocluster-synthesis-enantioseparation-and-luminescence
#15
Rania Kazan, Bei Zhang, Thomas Bürgi
A CuAu38 bimetallic nanocluster was synthesized by adding a single copper atom to the Au38(2-PET)24 nanocluster. The absence of CuxAu38-x(2-PET)24 doped species was demonstrated by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. A separation of bimetallic clusters was attained for the first time where isomers of the E2 enantiomer of the Au38Cu1(2-PET)24 adduct were successfully isolated from their parent cluster using chiral HPLC. The CD of the isolated isomers revealed a change in their electronic structure upon copper addition...
May 23, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534513/protein-disulfide-isomerase-a4-acts-as-a-novel-regulator-of-cancer-growth-through-the-procaspase-pathway
#16
T-F Kuo, T-Y Chen, S-T Jiang, K-W Chen, Y-M Chiang, Y-J Hsu, Y-J Liu, H-M Chen, K K Yokoyama, K-C Tsai, H-H Yeh, Y-R Chen, M-T Yang, C-Y Yang, W-C Yang
Protein disulfide isomerase a4 (PDIA4) is implicated in the growth and death of tumor cells; however, its molecular mechanism and therapeutic potential in cancer are unclear. Here, we found that PDIA4 expression was upregulated in a variety of tumor cell lines and human lung adenocarcinoma tissues. Knockdown and overexpression of PDIA4 in tumor cells showed that PDIA4 facilitated cell growth via the reduction of caspases 3 and 7 activity. Consistently, Lewis lung carcinoma cells overexpressing PDIA4 grew faster than did parental cells in tumor-bearing mice, as shown by a reduced survival rate, increased tumor size and metastasis, and decreased cell death and caspases 3 and 7 activity...
May 22, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534462/associations-between-alcohol-dehydrogenase-genes-and-alcohol-use-across-early-and-middle-adolescence-moderation-%C3%A3-preventive-intervention
#17
H Harrington Cleveland, Gabriel L Schlomer, David J Vandenbergh, Pedro S A Wolf, Mark E Feinberg, Mark T Greenberg, Richard L Spoth, Cleve Redmond
Data from the in-school sample of the PROSPER preventive intervention dissemination trial were used to investigate associations between alcohol dehydrogenase genes and alcohol use across adolescence, and whether substance misuse interventions in the 6th and 7th grades (targeting parenting, family functioning, social norms, youth decision making, and peer group affiliations) modified associations between these genes and adolescent use. Primary analyses were run on a sample of 1,885 individuals and included three steps...
May 23, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534453/serotonin-functioning-and-adolescents-alcohol-use-a-genetically-informed-study-examining-mechanisms-of-risk
#18
Frances L Wang, Laurie Chassin, John E Bates, Danielle Dick, Jennifer E Lansford, Gregory S Pettit, Kenneth A Dodge
The current study used data from two longitudinal samples to test whether self-regulation, depressive symptoms, and aggression/antisociality were mediators in the relation between a polygenic score indexing serotonin (5-HT) functioning and alcohol use in adolescence. The results from an independent genome-wide association study of 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid in the cerebrospinal fluid were used to create 5-HT polygenic risk scores. Adolescents and/or parents reported on adolescents' self-regulation (Time 1), depressive symptoms (Time 2), aggression/antisociality (Time 2), and alcohol use (Time 3)...
May 23, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534426/the-immunological-personality-of-close-relatives-of-sle-patients
#19
M R Salaman, D A Isenberg
Immunological abnormalities seen in relatives of patients with autoimmune disorders can be useful in understanding the pathogenesis of the disease since, unlike in patients, they cannot result from the disease process or drug treatment. In this article we present a brief overview of our studies of the basic immunological status of close relatives of SLE patients. We looked at blood levels of IgG, IgM and antibodies to double-stranded DNA, as well as at NK cell numbers and cytotoxic activity and the levels of NKT, B and T cells...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534308/impacts-of-terrain-attributes-and-human-activities-on-soil-texture-class-variations-in-hilly-areas-south-west-china
#20
Ai-Di Li, Peng-Tao Guo, Wei Wu, Hong-Bin Liu
Knowledge of soil texture variations is critical for agricultural and engineering applications because texture influences many other soil properties. This study used random forest method to evaluate the effects of human activities and topographic parameters on the spatial variability of soil texture in hilly areas where soil parent material was uniform. The study site covers 252 km(2) and is located in the Upper Yangtze River Basin of south-west China. A total of 3636 samples were collected from the cultivated soils at a depth of 20 cm of dryland (sloping field and terraced land) landscape...
June 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
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