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Early childhood caries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547864/sociodemographic-determinants-of-spatial-disparities-in-early-childhood-caries-an-ecological-analysis-in-braunschweig-germany
#1
Frederic Meyer, André Karch, Kristin Maria Schlinkmann, Johannes Dreesman, Johannes Horn, Nicole Rübsamen, Henny Sudradjat, Rainer Schubert, Rafael Mikolajczyk
OBJECTIVES: To identify spatial disparities in dental caries experience (measured by dmft (decayed missing filled teeth) index) of children in the city of Braunschweig and to evaluate whether these disparities can be explained by sociodemographic characteristics. METHODS: We examined the dental health of children aged 3-6 years visiting a daycare centre (DCC) in the metropolitan area of Braunschweig between 2009 and 2014 by combining data on dental health from the annual visits of the local health service with aggregated data on sociodemographic factors for Braunschweig's city districts...
May 26, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540394/clinical-efficacy-of-a-two-year-oral-health-programme-for-infants-and-toddlers-in-singapore
#2
Bien Lai, Wee Kiat Tan, Qing Shu Lu
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries, which is prevalent in Singapore preschoolers, is a disease that has a major impact on children's health and places a high cost on the society and health services. Oral health programmes for young children implemented in several parts of the world have been shown to be effective in the prevention of dental caries. We aimed to examine the clinical efficacy of an oral health programme for infants and toddlers in Singapore. METHODS: 90 children and their caregivers participated in the programme while 64 children who were 24 months older than the intervention group at initial visit were recruited as controls in a quasi-experimental study design...
May 25, 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538220/identification-of-caries-risk-determinants-in-toddlers-results-of-the-gusto-birth-cohort-study
#3
C Un Lam, L W Khin, A C Kalhan, R Yee, Y S Lee, M F-F Chong, K Kwek, S M Saw, K Godfrey, Y S Chong, C-Y Hsu
The aim of this study was to identify risk determinants leading to early childhood caries (ECC) and visible plaque (VP) in toddlers. Data for mother-child pairs participating in the Growing Up in Singapore towards Healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) birth cohort were collected from pregnancy to toddlerhood. Oral examinations were performed in 543 children during their clinic visit at 24 months to detect ECC and VP. Following logistic regression, ECC and VP were jointly regressed as primary and secondary outcomes, respectively, using the bivariate probit model...
May 25, 2017: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531148/early-childhood-dental-caries-mouth-pain-and-malnutrition-in-the-ecuadorian-amazon-region
#4
Marvin So, Yianni A Ellenikiotis, Hannah M Husby, Cecilia Leonor Paz, Brittany Seymour, Karen Sokal-Gutierrez
Malnutrition and dental caries in early childhood remain persistent and intertwined global health challenges, particularly for indigenous and geographically-remote populations. To examine the prevalence and associations between early childhood dental caries, parent-reported mouth pain and malnutrition in the Amazonian region of Ecuador, we conducted a cross-sectional study of the oral health and nutrition status of 1407 children from birth through age 6 in the "Alli Kiru" program (2011-2013). We used multivariate regression analysis to examine relationships between severe caries, parent-reported mouth pain measures, and nutritional status...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526003/the-basic-research-factors-questionnaire-for-studying-early-childhood-caries
#5
Judith Albino, Tamanna Tiwari, Stuart A Gansky, Michelle M Henshaw, Judith C Barker, Angela G Brega, Steven E Gregorich, Brenda Heaton, Terrence S Batliner, Belinda Borrelli, Paul Geltman, Nancy R Kressin, Jane A Weintraub, Tracy L Finlayson, Raul I Garcia
BACKGROUND: We describe development of the Early Childhood Caries (ECC) Basic Research Factors Questionnaire (BRFQ), a battery of measures assessing common potential predictors, mediators, and moderators of ECC. Individual-, family-, and community-level factors that are linked to oral health outcomes across at-risk populations are included. Developing standard measures of factors implicated in ECC has the potential to enhance our ability to understand mechanisms underlying successful prevention and to develop more effective interventions...
May 19, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514517/early-childhood-caries-and-psychological-perceptions-on-child-s-oral-health-increase-the-feeling-of-guilt-in-parents-an-epidemiological-survey
#6
Thiago Saads Carvalho, Jenny Abanto, Elayne Cristina Morais Pinheiro, Adrian Lussi, Marcelo Bönecker
AIM: To assess whether parents feel guilty for their children's oral problems, associating this feeling with socio-economic, demographic, and psychological factors. DESIGN: We included 1313 parent-and-child pairs in this study. The children were 2-4 years old. Parents answered questionnaires on socio-economic and demographic data, and on psychological variables. Sixteen trained dentists (κ > 0.8) examined the children for oral hygiene (the presence and absence of plaque), early childhood caries (ECC; no caries, low and high severity), malocclusion (the presence and absence), and traumatic dental injuries (TDI; the presence and absence)...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492756/a-longitudinal-study-of-early-childhood-caries-and-associated-factors-in-brazilian-children
#7
Fabiane Piva, Joanna Tatith Pereira, Patrícia Blaya Luz, Lina Naomi Hashizume, Fernando Neves Hugo, Fernando Borba de Araujo
Early childhood caries (ECC) affects children all over the world and has high prevalence and severity in preschool children. Different social, biological and behavioral factors compose a network of causal factors for ECC. The aim was to evaluate the association between socioeconomic variables and caries at baseline, and the presence of Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus spp. microorganisms with the progression of caries lesions after two years of follow-up in a group of children. At baseline, 163 children (3-4 years old) living in the areas of 12 primary care services of the Hospital Group Conceição (GHC, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil) were evaluated...
March 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492198/comparison-of-efficacy-of-three-chemotherapeutic-agents-on-streptococcus-mutans-count-in-plaque-and-saliva-a-randomized-controlled-triple-blind-study
#8
Ajay Narayan, Savitha Satyaprasad, S Anandraj, S R Ananda, P Ananth Kamath, S Nandan
BACKGROUND: There is a need for exploration of the role of chemotherapeutic agents and its role in the prevention of early childhood caries (ECC) and its recurrence. AIM: The aim of this study was two-fold: (1) To compare the antimicrobial efficacy of three commonly used chemotherapeutic agents in the prevention of ECC in comparison with a control and (2) To ascertain the role of chemotherapeutic agents in the prevention of ECC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty children with ECC in the age group 3-6 years were randomly allocated into four groups...
April 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492188/assessment-of-maternal-risk-indicators-for-the-development-of-caries-in-their-children-a-comparative-cross-sectional-study
#9
H R Priyadarshini, Bennete Aloysius Fernandes, S S Hiremath, Avita Rath, Vanishree Shivakumar, Anand Siddappa Tegginamani
INTRODUCTION: Certain factors in mothers could be risk indicators for certain diseases in their children. Hence, this study was undertaken to assess maternal risk indicators for the development of early childhood caries in their children. METHODOLOGY: A comparative, cross-sectional study was designed among 180 mother-child pairs attending various Anganwadi centers. Demographic, dietary, oral hygiene practices and other necessary information were collected from mothers using a structured questionnaire...
April 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475081/effectiveness-of-silver-diamine-fluoride-in-caries-prevention-and-arrest-a-systematic-literature-review
#10
Violeta Contreras, Milagros J Toro, Augusto R Elías-Boneta, Angeliz Encarnación-Burgos
This study aimed to evaluate the scientific evidence regarding the effectiveness of silver diamine fluoride (SDF) in preventing and arresting caries in the primary dentition and permanent first molars. A systematic review (SR) was performed by 2 independent reviewers using 3 electronic databases (PubMed, ScienceDirect, and Scopus). The database search employed the following key words: "topical fluorides" AND "children" AND "clinical trials"; "topical fluorides" OR "silver diamine fluoride" AND "randomized controlled trial"; "silver diamine fluoride" AND "children" OR "primary dentition" AND "tooth decay"; "silver diamine fluoride" OR "sodium fluoride varnish" AND "early childhood caries"; and "silver diamine fluoride" AND "children"...
May 2017: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449292/oral-health-beliefs-knowledge-and-behaviors-in-northern-california-american-indian-and-alaska-native-mothers-regarding-early-childhood-caries
#11
Brenda Heaton, Andrew Crawford, Raul I Garcia, Michelle Henshaw, Christine A Riedy, Judith C Barker, Maureen A Wimsatt
OBJECTIVES: To assess the oral health beliefs, knowledge, and behaviors related to early childhood caries (ECC) risk in a convenience sample of American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) mothers residing in rural Northern California communities. METHODS: Fifty-three mothers of young children were recruited from three tribal communities in Northern California with the assistance of the California Rural Indian Health Board, Inc. and its California Tribal Epidemiology Center and Dental Support Center...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438560/longitudinal-investigation-of-salivary-proteomic-profiles-in-the-development-of-early-childhood-caries
#12
Shuang Ao, Xiangyu Sun, Xiangru Shi, Xin Huang, Feng Chen, Shuguo Zheng
OBJECTIVES: To investigate differentially expressed salivary peptides in the development of early childhood caries (ECC) in 3-4 year-old children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-two caries-free children at baseline were followed-up for 1year, during which period 15 of them had developed ECC (Group C), whilst another 15 cases out of the 31 individuals who remained healthy were marked as Group H. Stimulated whole saliva samples were collected at 0, 6 and 12 months, and analyzed using weak cation exchange magnetic beads combined with matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417515/do-maternal-depression-and-anxiety-influence-children-s-oral-health-related-quality-of-life
#13
Francine Dos Santos Costa, Marina Sousa Azevedo, Thiago Machado Ardenghi, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flávio Fernando Demarco, Marília Leão Goettems
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the influence of depressive and anxiety symptoms in young mothers on their perception in relation to their children's oral health-related quality of life (COHRQoL). METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out in Pelotas, Southern Brazil, and it was nested in a cohort of adolescent mothers having their prenatal care in public health service, starting in 2008. When the children were aged 24-36 months, they and their mothers were interviewed and submitted to clinical examination by a trained team...
April 17, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393814/exploring-the-multitude-of-risk-factors-associated-with-early-childhood-caries
#14
Madhu Kakanur, Mihir Nayak, Sandyadevi S Patil, Rachna Thakur, Santhosh T Paul, Nisha Tewathia
CONTEXT: Despite efforts in restorative therapy, children who experience Early Childhood Caries (ECC) continue to be at a higher risk for new lesions in both the primary and the permanent dentition. Early interventions which disrupt the pathobiology of caries need identification of all the causative or risk factors. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study dealt with the prevalence and associated risk factors of ECC among preschool children aged 3 to 5 years in Bengaluru city...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390463/association-between-early-childhood-caries-and-colonization-with-streptococcus-mutans-genotypes-from-mothers
#15
Noel K Childers, Stephanie S Momeni, Jennifer Whiddon, Kyounga Cheon, Gary R Cutter, Howard W Wiener, Tariq S Ghazal, John D Ruby, Stephen A Moser
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate Streptococcus mutans genotypes (GT) between mother and child (M-C) in a high caries risk cohort to explore the association with early childhood caries (ECC). METHODS: Sixty-nine infants (each approximately one year old) had periodic oral examinations (dmfs) and microbial samples collected from dental plaque, saliva, and other oral surfaces. Their mothers had an examination and plaque collected. S mutans isolates were genotyped using repetitive extragenic palindromic-PCR (rep-PCR)...
March 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390461/severity-of-dental-caries-and-quality-of-life-for-toddlers-and-their-families
#16
Izabella Barbosa Fernandes, Túlio Silva Pereira, Débora Souto Souza, Joana Ramos-Jorge, Leandro Silva Marques, Maria Letícia Ramos-Jorge
PURPOSE: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the impact of untreated caries in different stages on the oral healthrelated quality of life (OHRQoL) of one- to three-year-olds and their families. METHODS: The mothers of 308 children answered the Brazilian version of the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale to determine their perceptions of the OHRQoL of their children. The mothers also answered a questionnaire addressing demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of their families...
March 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390125/impact-of-early-childhood-caries-and-its-treatment-under-general-anesthesia-on-orofacial-function-and-quality-of-life-a-prospective-comparative-study
#17
V Collado, H Pichot, C Delfosse, C Eschevins, E Nicolas, M Hennequin
BACKGROUND: Early Childhood Caries (ECC) has become a major public health concern worldwide, mostly affecting children from disadvantaged families in increasingly severe forms. This condition has been frequently reported to alter children's nutrition, growth and general development. It negatively impacts their quality of life, through painful episodes and severe eating difficulties. While this period is crucial for oral praxes development, the impact of dental state on oro-facial functions is poorly documented...
May 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380088/dental-caries-and-quality-of-life-of-preschool-children-discriminant-validity-of-the-ecohis
#18
REVIEW
Meire Coelho Ferreira, Maria Letícia Ramos-Jorge, Leandro Silva Marques, Fernanda de Oliveira Ferreira
The aim of the present study was to confirm the discriminant validity (obtained using traditional statistical methods) of the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) between preschool children with and without caries (mean score) through an evaluation of the effect size. A systematic search of electronic databases and a manual search were performed for studies published up to December 2015 involving the use of the ECOHIS for the evaluation of the impact of dental caries on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among preschool children...
March 30, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377661/awareness-of-lebanese-pediatricians-regarding-children-s-oral-health
#19
Nahla Nassif, Balsam Noueiri, Riad Bacho, Kassem Kassak
Pediatricians have an important role in early identification and prevention of oral health, but they reported lack of knowledge in this field. AIM: the aim of the study is to evaluate the knowledge and attitudes of Lebanese pediatricians regarding children's oral health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross sectional study including 100 Lebanese pediatricians was performed. They answered 21 questions. Three variables were taken into consideration: The number of years in practice, the place and type of practice...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376271/the-editor-recommends-this-issue-s-article-to-the-reader-relationship-among-a-amylase-and-carbonic-anhydrase-vi-in-saliva-visible-biofilm-and-early-childhood-caries-a-longitudinal-study
#20
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
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