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Early childhood caries

Herenia P Lawrence, Jaime Cidro, Sonia Isaac-Mann, Sabrina Peressini, Marion Maar, Robert J Schroth, Janet N Gordon, Laurie Hoffman-Goetz, John R Broughton, Lisa Jamieson
This study assessed links between racism and oral health outcomes among pregnant Canadian Aboriginal women. Baseline data were analyzed for 541 First Nations (94.6%) and Métis (5.4%) women in an early childhood caries preventive trial conducted in urban and on-reserve communities in Ontario and Manitoba. One-third of participants experienced racism in the past year determined by the Measure of Indigenous Racism Experience. In logistic regressions, outcomes significantly associated with incidents of racism included: wearing dentures, off-reserve dental care, asked to pay for dental services, perceived need for preventive care, flossing more than once daily, having fewer than 21 natural teeth, fear of going to dentist, never received orthodontic treatment and perceived impact of oral conditions on quality of life...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Lisa Jamieson, Julia Bradshaw, Herenia Lawrence, John Broughton, Kamilla Venner
OBJECTIVES: This paper assessed the fidelity of an early childhood caries MI intervention among Aboriginal mothers in South Australia. METHODS: Four MI-trained staff delivered the intervention and all interviews were recorded. A randomly selected subset (n = 164, 41.2%) were tested for MI fidelity using the Motivational Interviewing Treatment Integrity (MITI) code 3.1.1. A further randomly selected 20 taped sessions were additionally scored by an external expert to assess external reliability...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
John R Broughton, Herenia P Lawrence, Lisa Jamieson
: Early childhood caries is a global health issue for Indigenous populations. The study, "Reducing disease burden and health inequalities arising from chronic dental disease among Indigenous children: an early childhood caries intervention," is being conducted in Australia, Canada, and Aotearoa/New Zealand. OBJECTIVE: To conduct the research in New Zealand using a kaupapa Māori (Māori philosophy) approach. METHODS: This is a mixed-method study incorporating quantitative and qualitative data whilst acknowledging Māori cultural practices by the utilization of Te Whare Tapa Whā, a model for Māori health and well-being...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
L Paglia
Despite the general advances in dental care, dental caries is still a global health problem affecting many children. Occlusal surfaces of first permanent molars are the most susceptible sites in the developing permanent dentition. Dentists should use sealants or fluoride varnish - as well as other means - to limit the onset of tooth decay. Application of sealants is a recommended procedure to prevent or control caries. Sealing occlusal surfaces of newly erupted permanent molars in children and teenagers delays caries onset up to 48 months compared with unsealed teeth...
September 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Raul I Garcia, Tamanna Tiwari, Francisco Ramos-Gomez, Brenda Heaton, Mario Orozco, Margaret Rasmussen, Patricia Braun, Michelle Henshaw, Belinda Borrelli, Judith Albino, Courtney Diamond, Christina Gebel, Terrence S Batliner, Judith C Barker, Steven Gregorich, Stuart A Gansky
OBJECTIVES: To identify successful strategies for retention of participants in multiyear, community-based randomized controlled trials (RCTs) aiming to reduce early childhood caries in health disparities populations from diverse racial/ethnic backgrounds and across diverse geographic settings. METHODS: Four RCTs conducted by the Early Childhood Caries Collaborating Centers (EC4), an initiative of the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, systematically collected information on the success of various strategies implemented to promote participant retention in each RCT...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Duangporn Duangthip, Sherry Shiqian Gao, Edward Chin Man Lo, Chun Hung Chu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence and experience of early childhood caries among 5- to 6-year-old children in Southeast Asia. METHODS: A literature search was conducted of three electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE and ISI Web of Science) to identify publications from the years 2006 to 2015. Additional hand searches of government reports and national studies were performed. Both primary and secondary data sources were included in the study...
October 18, 2016: International Dental Journal
Veerasamy Yengopal, Soraya Yasin Harnekar, Naren Patel, Nandi Siegfried
BACKGROUND: Childhood caries (tooth decay) consists of a form of tooth decay that affects the milk teeth (also known as baby or primary teeth) of children. This may range from tooth decay in a single tooth to rampant caries affecting all the teeth in the mouth. Primary teeth in young children are vital to their development and every effort should be made to retain these teeth for as long as is possible. Dental fillings or restorations have been used as an intervention to repair these damaged teeth...
October 17, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Jin Xiao, Yonghwi Moon, Lihua Li, Elena Rustchenko, Hironao Wakabayashi, Xiaoyi Zhao, Changyong Feng, Steven R Gill, Sean McLaren, Hans Malmstrom, Yanfang Ren, Robert Quivey, Hyun Koo, Dorota T Kopycka-Kedzierawski
INTRODUCTION: Candida albicans has been detected together with Streptococcus mutans in high numbers in plaque-biofilm from children with early childhood caries (ECC). The goal of this study was to examine the C. albicans carriage in children with severe early childhood caries (S-ECC) and the maternal relatedness. METHODS: Subjects in this pilot cross-sectional study were recruited based on a convenient sample. DMFT(S)/dmft(s) caries and plaque scores were assessed during a comprehensive oral exam...
2016: PloS One
Fawad Javed, Changyong Feng, Dorota T Kopycka-Kedzierawski
The aim was to systemically review the incidence of early childhood caries (ECC). The addressed focused question was "What is the reported incidence of ECC?" Indexed databases were searched using various key words. Five studies were included and processed for data extraction. All studies were prospective and two studies were randomized clinical trials. The number of participants ranged between 96 and 1275 children. Two studies reported the mean age of children, that ranged between 1.8 and 2.5 years (range 0...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
Bruno Mello de Matos, Fernanda Lourenção Brighenti, Thuy Do, David Beighton, Cristiane Yumi Koga-Ito
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the acidogenicity of dual-species biofilms of bifidobacteria and Streptococcus mutans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The following strains were tested: Bifidobacterium dentium DSM20436, Parascardovia denticolens DSM10105, and Scardovia inopinata DSM10107. Streptococcus mutans UA159 and Lactobacillus acidophilus ATCC4356 were used as control. Bifidobacteria were studied planktonically as they were not able to form monospecies biofilm, they were grown in biofilms associated with S...
September 23, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
Cancan Fan, Wenhui Wang, Tao Xu, Shuguo Zheng
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC) among children in Beijing, China, has been increasing continuously though slowly. However, there is limited information about ECC in Beijing. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors of dental caries among preschool children in Beijing. METHODS: For this case-control study, using a convenience sampling method, 787 children aged 3 and 4 years old were recruited; 386 children with caries constituted the early childhood caries (ECC) group and 401children without caries formed the caries-free (CF) group...
2016: BMC Oral Health
Ann Ingemansson Hultquist, Mats Bågesund
BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries (ECC) risk factors are suspected to vary between regions with different caries prevalence. AIM: Identify ECC risk factors for 1-year-olds predicting dentin caries at 3 years of age in a region with low caries prevalence. DESIGN: Caries risk was assessed by dental hygienist or dental assistant in 779 one-year-olds. The oral mutans streptococci (MS) score was performed from a tooth surface or (in pre-dentate children) from oral mucosa...
September 14, 2016: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Kelebogile A Mothupi, Cathrine B Nqcobo, Veerasamy Yengopal
PURPOSES: (1) To determine the prevalence of dental caries among preschool children in the metropolitan area of Johannesburg; (2) to determine the dental caries status and unmet treatment needs of four- to six-year-old children; (3) to compare their dmft/DMFT scores with the significant caries index (SiC) for similar age cohorts; and (4) to compare their dental caries prevalence with those of similar age cohorts, as reported in the National Children's Oral Health Survey (NCOHS). METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 10 preschools...
2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Easter Joury, May Khairallah, Wael Sabbah, Kanaan Elias, Raman Bedi
BACKGROUND: High frequency of free sugars intake, during the first year of life is probably the greatest risk factor for early childhood caries. The latter is a global public health challenge. Very little is known about the social determinants of infant's frequency of free sugars intake, particularly in low-income countries. Thus, the present study aimed to assess the association between the frequency of free sugars intake among 1-year-old Syrian infants and each of parents' socioeconomic position (SEP), maternal frequency of free sugars intake and knowledge of infant's oral health behaviour...
September 8, 2016: BMC Oral Health
Carla Cohn
Traditionally, many clinicians tend to forego esthetic considerations when full-coverage restorations are indicated for pediatric patients with primary dentitions. However, the availability of new zirconia pediatric crowns and reliable techniques for cementation makes esthetic outcomes practical and consistent when restoring primary dentition. Two cases are described: a 3-year-old boy who presented with severe early childhood caries affecting both anterior and posterior teeth, and a 6-year-old boy who presented with extensive caries of his primary posterior dentition, including a molar requiring full coverage...
September 2016: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
A R Senthil Eagappan, V Arun Prasad Rao, S Sujatha, D Senthil, J Sathiyajeeva, G Rajaraman
BACKGROUND: Nitric oxide (NO), a highly reactive radical, participates in the nonspecific natural defense mechanism of the oral cavity. The present study was attempted to evaluate the salivary NO levels in 4-5 year-old children with early childhood caries (ECC). The objective of the present study was to assess the salivary NO concentration in children with different caries activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 120 healthy 4.5 year-old children and they were equally divided into three groups based on decayed, missing, filled surfaces (dmfs) score; forty caries-free children (control group), forty children with dmfs 1...
July 2016: Dental Research Journal
Lea Kragt, Justin T van der Tas, Henriëtte A Moll, Marlies E C Elfrink, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Eppo B Wolvius, Edwin M Ongkosuwito
Oral health-related quality of life (OHRQOL) is the perceived impact of one's own oral health on daily life. Oral diseases influence children's OHRQOL directly, but OHRQOL might also be related to oral health experiences from the past. We investigate the relation between dental caries at the age of 6 with OHRQOL assessed at the age of 10. This study was conducted within the Generation R Study, a population-based prospective cohort study. Caries experience was assessed with the decayed, missing, and filled teeth index (dmft) at a median age of 6...
2016: Caries Research
Nancy Birungi, Lars Thore Fadnes, Victoria Nankabirwa, James Kashugyera Tumwine, Anne Nordrehaug Åstrøm
OBJECTIVES: The first objective of this study is to examine the association between caretakers' caries experience and caries experience of their children. Second, to investigate whether children's and caretaker's caries experience is associated with oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of children and their families. METHODS: This study is based on the prenatal recruitment interviews and the 5-year follow-up of 417 caretaker-children pairs from the Ugandan site of the PROMISE-EBF trial conducted in Mbale, Eastern Uganda...
August 30, 2016: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Maryam Amin, M-Reza Nouri, Sarah Hulland, Mohamed ElSalhy, Amir Azarpazhooh
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the success rate of various treatments provided under general anesthesia for early childhood caries (ECC) over three-year follow-up period. METHODS: ECC children no older than 72 months at the time of dental surgery, who had completed a three-year follow-up, were included. The success rate of every treatment was evaluated. The longevity of each treatment and significant factors associated with failures were assessed...
2016: Pediatric Dentistry
Chimere C Collins, Laura Villa-Torres, Lattice D Sams, Leslie P Zeldin, Kimon Divaris
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Despite the widespread acknowledgement of the importance of childhood oral health, little progress has been made in preventing early childhood caries. Limited information exists regarding specific daily-life and community-related factors that impede optimal oral hygiene, diet, care, and ultimately oral health for children. We sought to understand what parents of young children consider important and potentially modifiable factors and resources influencing their children's oral health, within the contexts of the family and the community...
2016: PloS One
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