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Early childhood caries

Joanie Jean, Sara Goldberg, Ritu Khare, L Charles Bailey, Christopher B Forrest, Evlambia Hajishengallis, Hyun Koo
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess whether there is an association between oral thrush or other Candida-related conditions in infancy and early childhood caries (ECC) diagnosed by pediatricians. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using electronic health records from six national children's hospitals that participate in the PEDSnet research network. There were 1,012,668 children with a visit at ages one to 12 months and another visit at ages 13 to 71 months...
March 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
Beau D Meyer, Jessica Y Lee, S Thikkurissy, Paul S Casamassimo, William F Vann
Pharmacologic behavior management for dental treatment is an approach to provide invasive yet compassionate care for young children; it can facilitate the treatment of children who otherwise may not cooperate for traditional in-office care. Some recent highly publicized procedural sedation-related tragedies have drawn attention to risks associated with pharmacologic management. However, it remains widely accepted that, by adhering to proper guidelines, procedural sedation can assist in the provision of high-quality dental care while minimizing morbidity and mortality from the procedure...
March 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
Divya Subramanyam, Deepa Gurunathan, R Gaayathri, V Vishnu Priya
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between lipid peroxidation and dental caries in children with ECC by estimating the levels of MDA in saliva of children. Materials and Methods: A total of 150 children were selected; 75 children with ECC and 75 children without caries (non-ECC). Saliva samples were collected and centrifuged at 12,000 rpm for 24 min at 4°C to obtain a supernatant. MDA levels were estimated by Buege and Aust method by using thiobarbituric acid...
January 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
Nayanjot Kaur Rai, Tamanna Tiwari
Background: Early childhood caries (ECC) is one of the most prevalent and chronic conditions of childhood. Various factors including biological and dietary factors along with an overlay of parental social factors have been found to be associated with the progression of ECC. The objective of this systematic review is to synthesize available literature and to identify parent-level proximal and distal risk factors associated with the development of ECC in developing nations. Methods: Studies conducted in developing nations, published between 2005 and 2017 in English, that included children younger than 6 years and examined ECC were included...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Manu Batra, Aasim Farooq Shah, Jorma I Virtanen
Introduction: Early childhood caries (ECC) continues to affect children worldwide. In India, primary health centers (PHCs) comprises the primary tier where Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA) provide integrated curative and preventive health care. The aim of the study was to pilot test the integration of oral health in primary health care through motivational interviewing (MI) for mothers of young children provided by ASHAs. Subjects and Methods: The pilot study was conducted in Kashipur, Uttarakhand...
January 2018: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Danielle S Molnar, Douglas A Granger, Shannon Shisler, Rina D Eiden
AIMS: Secretory Immunoglobulin A (SIgA) plays a critical role in immune functioning by preventing pathogens from adhering to epithelial mucosa. Most infectious agents enter the body via mucosal surfaces, thus SIgA serves in the defense against respiratory, intestinal, and urinogenitary infections, as well as periodontal disease and caries. This study examined the possibility that pre- and postnatal exposure to cigarette and cannabis is associated with individual differences in Secretory Immunoglobulin A (SIgA) levels in early childhood...
March 26, 2018: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
Julia Winter, Birgit Bartsch, Claudia Schütz, Anahita Jablonski-Momeni, Klaus Pieper
OBJECTIVES: Since early childhood caries (ECC) is a major disease in the public health sector, an interdisciplinary prevention concept to avert this disease was developed, launched in a project region, and evaluated. It was examined whether the emergence of ECC could be prevented or curbed with the newly developed program. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The program encompasses seven pulses of information from an interdisciplinary team (gynecologists, midwives, pediatricians, dentists, municipal social services, and the public health office)...
March 26, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Chan Yang, Jessica Scoffield, Ren Wu, Champion Deivanayagam, Jing Zou, Hui Wu
Streptococcus mutans and Candida albicans are frequently co-isolated from dental plaque of children with early childhood caries (ECC), and only rarely found in non-ECC children, suggesting that these species interact in a manner that contribute to the pathogenesis of ECC. Previous studies have demonstrated that glucans produced by S. mutans are crucial for promoting biofilm formation and cariogenicity with C. albicans; however, it is unclear how non-glucan S. mutans biofilm factors contribute to increased biofilm formation in the presence of C...
March 23, 2018: Molecular Oral Microbiology
S Caruso, R Gatto, B Cinque, M G Cifone, A Mattei
AIM: The present study aimed to evaluate the association between caries and oral health status, age, salivary cortisol levels, and parental education in children with and without prior dental caries experience. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An observational case-control study was performed including 122 children aged between 3 and 6 years who were clinically examined for caries experience using the sum of decayed, missing, and filled teeth in the primary (dmft index) and permanent (DMFT index) dentition...
March 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
D V Dawson, D R Blanchette, J M Douglass, N Tinanoff, K W O Kramer, J J Warren, K R Phipps, D E Starr, T A Marshall, T R Mabry, K Pagan-Rivera, J A Banas, D R Drake
The purposes of this study were to describe primary tooth emergence in an American Indian (AI) population during the first 36 mo of life to compare 1) patterns of emergence between male and female children and 2) tooth emergence between these AI children and other U.S. ethnic groups. Data were derived from a birth cohort of 239 AI children from a Northern Plains tribe participating in a longitudinal study of early childhood caries, with examination data at target ages of 8, 12, 16, 22, 28, and 36 mo of age (±1 mo)...
April 2018: JDR Clinical and Translational Research
Michael Crowe, Michael O' Sullivan, Oscar Cassetti, Aifric O' Sullivan
A poor quality diet may be a common risk factor for both obesity and dental problems such as caries. The aim of this paper is to use classification tree analysis (CTA) to identify predictors of dental problems in a nationally representative cohort of Irish pre-school children. CTA was used to classify variables and describe interactions between multiple variables including socio-demographics, dietary intake, health-related behaviour, body mass index (BMI) and a dental problem. Data were derived from the second (2010/2011) wave of the 'Growing Up in Ireland' study (GUI) infant cohort at 3 years, n = 9793...
August 31, 2017: Dentistry journal
Ariana C Villarosa, Amy R Villarosa, Yenna Salamonson, Lucie M Ramjan, Mariana S Sousa, Ravi Srinivas, Nathan Jones, Ajesh George
BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries is the most common chronic childhood disease worldwide. Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children are twice more likely to develop dental decay, and contributing factors include poor maternal oral health and underutilisation of dental services. Globally, Indigenous health workers are in a unique position to deliver culturally competent oral healthcare because they have a contextual understanding of the needs of the community. METHODS: This scoping review aimed to identify the role of Indigenous health workers in promoting maternal oral health globally...
March 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
Jing Zou, Mingmei Meng, Clarice S Law, Yale Rao, Xuedong Zhou
Malocclusion is a worldwide dental problem that influences the affected individuals to varying degrees. Many factors contribute to the anomaly in dentition, including hereditary and environmental aspects. Dental caries, pulpal and periapical lesions, dental trauma, abnormality of development, and oral habits are most common dental diseases in children that strongly relate to malocclusion. Management of oral health in the early childhood stage is carried out in clinic work of pediatric dentistry to minimize the unwanted effect of these diseases on dentition...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Oral Science
Olga Ratko Kokoceva-Ivanovska, Olivera Sarakinova, Efka Zabokova-Bilbilova, Aneta Nikola Mijoska, Natasha Stavreva
BACKGROUND: Circular caries occurs in the earliest age of the children (1 - 1.5 year), immediately after the eruption of the deciduous teeth. During this period, children are too young to be able to properly implement oral hygiene. Consequently, it is at a negligible level, with plenty of soft plaque on the deciduous tooth surfaces. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this clinical trial was to determine the correlation between oral hygiene shown with Oral Hygiene index, and the initial stages of circular caries (initial lesion and superficial form), before and after topical fluoride treatment...
February 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Pei Lin Zhuang, Li Xia Yu, Juan Kun Liao, Yan Zhou, Huan Cai Lin
BACKGROUND: The VicRK two-component signalling system regulates virulence and cariogenicity in Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans). The purpose of this study was to explore the genetic polymorphisms of the vicR and vicK genes, which are associated with dental caries in children with S. mutans. METHODS: In this study, 121 (from each group) clinical S. mutans strains were isolated from caries-free children and children with high-severity caries to sequence the vicR and vicK genes...
March 12, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Meng Zhang, Yuqiao Zheng, Yuhong Li, Han Jiang, Yuping Huang, Minquan Du
Acid resistance is one of key properties assisting the survival of cariogenic bacteria in a dental caries environment, but only a few genes conferring acid resistance have been identified to data. Functional metagenomics provides a systematic method for investigating commensal DNA to identify genes that encode target functions. Here, the host strain Escherichia coli DH10B and a constructed bidirectional transcription vector pSKII+ -lacZ contributed to the construction of a metagenomic library, and 46.6 Mb of metagenomic DNA was cloned from carious supragingival plaque of 8children along with screening for lethal functionality...
2018: Journal of Oral Microbiology
Brittany L Ko, John H Unkel
Moyamoya disease (MMD) is a rare cerebrovascular disorder involving progressive constriction of the internal carotid artery and its branches. The disease has a particularly aggressive course in very young patients, and early surgical intervention is often necessary to prevent permanent neurological damage. MMD patients have an increased risk of stroke development, which may be provoked by pain or anxiety. Currently, no reports of pediatric patients with MMD exist in the dental literature. The purpose of this paper was to discuss the dental management of a two-year-old with moyamoya disease who presented with early childhood caries and dental fear, offering recommendations for dental providers with emphasis on stroke prevention, collaboration with the medical team, anesthesia considerations for patients with increased stroke risk, and the challenges to maintain the oral health of a patient undergoing complex medical treatment...
January 1, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
Paul S Casamassimo, Kimberly Hammersmith, Erin L Gross, Homa Amini
Infant oral health (IOH) is a preventive service advocated by major medical and dental organizations. IOH aims to prevent early childhood caries (ECC) and impart health strategies to families for continued oral health and prevention of future caries. IOH reaches across disciplines, is low cost, and is covered by Medicaid and many private dental payers. Increasing evidence points to immediate and long-term positive oral health outcomes of reduced disease, reduction in costly care, and reduction in ECC-associated morbidities...
April 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
Thomas Marquillier, Thomas Trentesaux, Rémi Gagnayre
OBJECTIVE: Over recent years, therapeutic patient education has become part of dental medicine. Management of early childhood caries, known to be a very common chronic disease, has evolved to include an educational dimension. The objective of this study was to identify the levers and barriers to the development of formalized therapeutic education programmes and alternatives. METHODS: A comprehensive exploratory qualitative study was conducted between November 2015 and June 2016 on a targeted sample of 15 people aware of the problem of TPE in dentistry...
January 30, 2018: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
F V Zohoori, A Maguire
This opinion piece highlights the importance of controlling systemic fluoride intake from food and drink in early childhood to minimise risk of dental fluorosis whilst maximising caries prevention; the wide range of fluoride contents found in a study of commercially-available food and drinks; and the need for comprehensive fluoride labelling on food and drink products in the UK, particularly those used by infants and young children.
February 23, 2018: British Dental Journal
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