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Early childhood caries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994739/managing-early-childhood-caries-with-atraumatic-restorative-treatment-and-topical-silver-and-fluoride-agents
#1
REVIEW
Duangporn Duangthip, Kitty Jieyi Chen, Sherry Shiqian Gao, Edward Chin Man Lo, Chun Hung Chu
Early childhood caries (ECC) is a significant global health problem affecting millions of preschool children worldwide. In general, preschool children from families with 20% of the lowest family incomes suffered about 80% of the ECC. Most, if not all, surveys indicated that the great majority of ECC was left untreated. Untreated caries progresses into the dental pulp, causing pain and infection. It can spread systemically, affecting a child's growth, development and general health. Fundamental caries management is based on the conventional restorative approach...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993822/survey-of-caries-experience-in-3-to-5-year-old-children-in-northeast-italy-in-2011-and-its-trend-1984-2011
#2
Roberto Ferro, Alberto Besostri, Armando Olivieri
PURPOSE: To describe dental caries experience by age and gender among preschool children in a health district in northeast Italy and to plot a trend of primary-dentition dental caries prevalence and severity over a 27-year time span (1984-2011). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a cross-sectional survey, 27 out of 88 kindergartens were randomly selected with a sample of 2603 preschoolers drawn from a population of 8328 3-, 4- and 5-year-old children. Dental caries (d3 t) experience according to the criteria of the British Association for the Study of Community Dentistry was evaluated by two calibrated examiners at schools in 1960 (75...
2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969655/four-level-evaluation-of-health-promotion-intervention-for-preventing-early-childhood-caries-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Leila Basir, Bita Rasteh, Ali Montazeri, Marzieh Araban
BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries (ECC) is the most common dental disease among children, which can affect children's primary teeth during their teething. This study evaluates an intervention for preventing early childhood caries in a pediatric population in Ahvaz, Iran. METHOD: The population of this study (IRCT2017070210804N10) consists of 104 women with 12 to 36 months of age without dental caries referred to a health care center in Ahvaz, Iran. The children were randomly assigned to either an experimental or control group in equal numbers...
October 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959766/changes-in-the-concentration-of-ions-in-saliva-and-dental-plaque-after-application-of-cpp-acp-with-and-without-fluoride-among-6-9-year-old-children
#4
H Poureslami, Ra Hoseinifar, P Khazaeli, Re Hoseinifar, H Sharifi, P Poureslami
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The casein phospho peptide-amorphous calcium phosphate with or without fluoride (CPP-ACPF and CPP-ACP respectively) are of considerably new materials which are highly recommended for prevention of dental caries. However, there is a shortage in literature on how they affect the ion concentration of saliva or dental plaque. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the concentration of calcium, phosphate and fluoride in the plaque and saliva of children with Early Childhood Caries (ECC) after applying the CPP-ACP paste in comparison with the use of CPP-ACPF paste...
March 2017: J Dent Biomater
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945720/preventive-dental-care-an-educational-program-to-integrate-oral-care-into-pediatric-oncology%C3%A2
#5
Erin Hartnett, Barbara Krainovich-Miller
BACKGROUND: Early childhood dental caries (dental cavities) is an infectious process. The development of oral problems during cancer care results in pain, fever, and delay in treatment. 
. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this project was to integrate preventive oral care into pediatric oncology care. 
. METHODS: This project consisted of an educational program for pediatric oncology providers who completed pre- and postprogram surveys assessing oral health knowledge, attitudes, and practice; attended an oral health education session; and performed oral assessment and fluoride varnish application on children during cancer treatment...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944293/preventing-caries-in-american-indian-children-lost-battle-or-new-hope
#6
J Albino, T S Batliner, T Tiwari
Knowledge Transfer Statement: Preventing early childhood caries in American Indian children has proved to be an unexpectedly challenging goal. Biological and behavioral variables, as well as parental psychosocial characteristics and experiences, suggest new routes for understanding and mitigating the progress of disease. We provide our reflections after a decade of studying these issues in collaboration with tribal communities.
October 2017: JDR Clinical and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937896/evaluation-of-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-to-assess-dental-treatment-in-preschool-children-with-early-childhood-caries-a-preliminary-study
#7
Ana Lúcia Vollú, Maria da Encarnação Perez Requejo da Costa, Lucianne Cople Maia, Andréa Fonseca-Gonçalves
PURPOSE: The oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of preschool children with Early Childhood Caries (ECC) was used to assess the outcome of dental treatment. STUDY DESIGN: Children (3.56±1.31years) affected by ECC were selected. Anamnesis, clinical and radiographic exams were performed. Data about sociodemographic aspects, OHRQoL and dmf-t index were collected. The Brazilian version of Early Childhood Oral health Impact Scale (B-ECOHIS) was applied in two time intervals: before and after 30 days of treatment...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914250/a-comparative-evaluation-of-retention-of-pit-and-fissure-sealant-bonded-using-sixth-seventh-and-eighth-generation-adhesives-an-in-vivo-study
#8
Mitakshra Nirwan, Anant Gopal Nigam, Nikhil Marwah, Ullal Anand Nayak, Aayushi Bansal, Manvendra Singh Gahlot
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries is one of the most common preventable childhood infections. a number of measures are available to prevent occlusal caries; pit and fissure sealants are one of the various methods currently available to cost effectively reduce dental caries. AIM: To evaluate the retention of pit and fissure sealant bonded using sixth (Adper promt), seventh (Optibond) and eighth (Futurabond Dual Cure) generations of adhesives. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A total of 37 healthy children who fulfilled the inclusion were randomly selected...
October 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914240/comparison-of-candida-species-isolated-from-children-with-and-without-early-childhood-caries-a-descriptive-cross-sectional-study
#9
M S Beena, Faizal C Peedikayil, M B GufranAfmed, T P Chandru, K Soni, N Dhanesh
BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries (ECC) is characterized by the presence of one or more decayed, missing (due to caries), or filled teeth surfaces in any primary tooth, in a child below 6 years of age. Although ECC is primarily associated with high levels of maternal Streptococcus mutans, there has been an increased interest in finding the relationship between oral fungal flora and dental caries. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to identify and characterize the Candida species and to compare the candidal isolates in children with ECC and without ECC...
October 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914239/road-blocks-perceived-by-the-dentists-toward-the-treatment-of-early-childhood-caries-in-chennai-city-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Habibkhan Faizunisa, Preetha Elizabeth Chaly, Mohammed Junaid, Selvaperumal Vaishnavi, J E Nijesh, Mohammed Musthafa
BACKGROUND: The problem of early childhood caries remains a worldwide public concern, as most of the caries remains untreated. Despite advances in dental care, most children fail to benefit from oral health-care services not only due to differences in attitudes in parents but also in oral health-care providers. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study is to determine the road blocks perceived by the dentist in Chennai, toward the treatment of early childhood caries...
October 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894733/the-impact-of-maternal-self-efficacy-and-oral-health-beliefs-on-early-childhood-caries-in-latino-children
#11
Anne R Wilson, Matthew J Mulvahill, Tamanna Tiwari
OBJECTIVES: Latino children experience one of the highest rates of early childhood caries requiring interventions based on valid conceptual frameworks. The Health Belief Model has relevance as a predictor of compliance with health recommendations based on perceptions of a health condition and behaviors to avoid the condition. The model encompasses four perceptual constructs (susceptibility, severity, benefits, barriers) and, for complex conditions, includes self-efficacy as an extended model...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893046/the-association-between-cariogenic-factors-and-the-occurrence-of-early-childhood-caries-in-children-from-salem-district-of-india
#12
Arokiaraj Stephen, Ramesh Krishnan, Paul Chalakkal
INTRODUCTION: Various aetiological factors for Early Childhood Caries (ECC) have been suggested in literature, but the role of each factor has been disputed in various studies. AIM: To evaluate the association between ECC and its related factors in children between three to six years of age, from rural, semi-urban and urban schools in the district of Salem (India). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study consisted of children between three to six years of age, selected randomly from schools in semi-urban, urban and rural schools at Salem...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890620/prevalence-and-associated-risk-factors-of-severe-early-childhood-caries-in-12-to-36-month-old-children-of-sirmaur-district-himachal-pradesh-india
#13
Ritu G Mangla, Raman Kapur, Abhishek Dhindsa, Manish Madan
AIM: To assess the prevalence, distribution, and associated risk factors of severe early childhood caries (S-ECC) among 12- to 36-month-old children of district Sirmaur, Himachal Pradesh, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was conducted on a random sample of 510 children, both boys and girls, between 12 and 36 months of age randomly selected from various government-sponsored day-care centers, private day-care centers, and vaccination centers. Caries was recorded using World Health Organization criteria...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890610/evaluation-of-novel-glass-fiber-reinforced-composite-technique-for-primary-anterior-teeth-with-deep-carious-lesions-a-12-month-clinical-study
#14
Ajinkya Sawant, Yusuf Chunawalla, Abdul Morawala, Nupur S Kanchan, Kapil Jain, Rohan Talathi
BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries discloses a distinct clinical pattern, and the teeth most often involved are the maxillary central incisors, lateral incisors, and the maxillary and man-dibular first molars. The maxillary incisors are most severely affected, with deep carious lesions usually involving the pulp. Teeth that have been endodontically treated often have little coronal tooth tissue remaining and as such require a post to retain the core and restoration .This study evaluated and compared the efficacy of EverStick glass fiber-reinforced composite post with ParaPost Taper Lux in primary maxillary anterior teeth...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890609/association-of-feeding-methods-and-streptococcus-mutans-count-with-early-childhood-caries-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Deepa Bullappa, Manjunath P Puranik, K R Sowmya, T Nagarathnamma
INTRODUCTION: Early childhood caries (ECC) is a virulent form of dental caries that can destroy the primary dentition of toddlers and preschool children. The aim was to determine the relationship of feeding methods and oral Streptococcus mutans count in 3- to 5-year-old children with ECC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in children aged 3 to 5 years. Participating mothers were interviewed regarding child's demographic profile, educational level and socioeconomic status of parents, past medical and dental history of the mother and child, child's feeding habits, and dietary habits and oral hygiene practices of mother and child...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877343/transition-to-agriculture-in-south-eastern-arabia-insights-from-oral-conditions
#16
Olivia Munoz
OBJECTIVES: In Southeast (SE) Arabia, agriculture is supposed to expand around 3000 BC, but its tempo and its actual role in populations' subsistence is still debated by archaeologists. Here, we compare dental health conditions of 11 skeletal samples from coastal and inland sites, dated from the Late Neolithic (ca. 4500-3100 BC) to the Early Bronze Age (EBA), conventionally divided into Hafit (ca. 3100-2700 BC) and Umm an-Nar period (ca. 2700-2000 BC). The goal is to assess long-term trends in subsistence patterns and regional variability during the local transition to agriculture...
September 6, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875089/use-of-a-teledentistry-based-program-for-screening-of-early-childhood-caries-in-a-school-setting
#17
Subbalekshmi T, Vasanthakumari Anandan, Renugalekshmi Apathsakayan
Aim The aim of this study was to assess the reliability and feasibility of using teledentistry for the screening and diagnosis of dental caries in children between the age groups of three to six years. Design This study included a total of 318 school-going children whose caries scores were calculated by visual method and using digital photographs generated by an intraoral camera by two examiners: examiner 1 and examiner 2 (E1 and E2). Intra-examiner and inter-examiner variability were determined. Reliability was compared across the three groups...
July 1, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872992/caries-progression-rate-in-primary-teeth-a-retrospective-study
#18
Nili Tickotsky, Roy Petel, Rabi Araki, Moti Moskovitz
OBJECTIVES: The rate of caries progression in primary teeth has rarely been studied, with most studies on early childhood caries reporting the percentage of lesions that remain at a certain stage of disease over a period of time. The aim of the present study was to examine the prevalence and behavior of proximal and occlusal carious lesions in primary teeth among children from low socio-economic status. STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective study was based on bite-wing radiographs of 95 children aged 5-12 taken at 6-12 months intervals, with a follow-up period of at least three years...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868798/feeding-frequency-in-infancy-and-dental-caries-in-childhood-a-prospective-cohort-study
#19
Carlos Alberto Feldens, Priscila Humbert Rodrigues, Gislaine de Anastácio, Márcia Regina Vítolo, Benjamin W Chaffee
OBJECTIVES: Feeding patterns in infancy are plausible contributors to dental caries later in childhood, yet relatively few cohort studies have examined potential dietary risk factors at this age. This study aimed to investigate the associations between feeding frequency at age 12 months and caries prevalence at age 3 years. METHODS: In this prospective birth cohort of 345 Brazilian children, all foods and drinks consumed at age 12 months, including bottle-use and breastfeeding, were recorded using two 24-hour infant dietary recalls with mothers...
September 3, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858630/quantitative-assessment-of-salivary-oral-bacteria-according-to-the-severity-of-dental-caries-in-childhood
#20
Natália H Colombo, Paula F Kreling, Laís F F Ribas, Jesse A Pereira, Christine A Kressirer, Marlise I Klein, Anne C R Tanner, Cristiane Duque
This study aimed to assess differences in selected oral bacteria in children according to the severity of dental caries. One hundred and thirty-six children, 36-60 months old were divided into three groups according to caries status: caries-free (CF) (n=47), early childhood caries (ECC) (n=40) and severe-early childhood caries (S-ECC) (n=49). Saliva was collected for detection and quantification of selected oral streptococci, Actinomyces naeslundii, Lactobacillus spp., Bifidobacterium spp., and Scardovia wiggsiae by quantitative-polymerase chain reaction...
November 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
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