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Early childhood caries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327259/prevalence-of-enamel-developmental-defects-and-relationship-with-early-childhood-caries-in-trinidad
#1
Rahul S Naidu, June H Nunn
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe the prevalence of developmental defects of enamel (DDE) and their relationship with early childhood caries (ECC) among preschool children in Trinidad. METHODS: A cross-sectional oral health survey of 251 three- to five-year-old preschool children was undertaken in central Trinidad. The decayed, missing, and filled primary teeth (dmft) index and the DDE index were used to measure visible caries experience and enamel developmental defects, respectively...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322356/efficacy-of-motivational-interviewing-in-conjunction-with-caries-risk-assessment-micra-programmes-in-improving-the-dental-health-status-of-preschool-children-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Saruta Saengtipbovorn
PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy of motivational interviewing in conjuction with a caries risk assessment (MICRA) programme to improve the dental health status of preschool children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomised controlled trial was conducted among 214 parents or caregivers and their children at Health Centre 54, Bangkok, Thailand, from September 2015 to February 2016. The participants were randomised to the intervention and the control groups (107 participants per group)...
March 20, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274038/comparative-assessment-of-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-of-children-before-and-after-full-mouth-rehabilitation-under-general-anaesthesia-and-local-anaesthesia
#3
Jaai Vinod Rane, Jasmin Winnier, Rupinder Bhatia
INTRODUCTION: Early Childhood Caries (ECC) is an aggressive form of caries in a child who is 71 months of age or younger. If the child is cooperative, the treatment may be completed under Local Anaesthesia (LA). General Anaesthesia (GA) is considered if the child is uncooperative, medically compromised or if the parents are unable to return for regular visits and requests treatment under GA. Improved Oral health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) has been reported after dental treatment under GA...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266115/socio-behavioural-aspects-in-the-prevention-and-control-of-dental-caries-and-periodontal-diseases-at-an-individual-and-population-level
#4
Sonja Sälzer, Mohammad Alkilzy, Dagmar E Slot, Christof E Dörfer, Julian Schmoeckel, Christian H Splieth
AIM: Aim was to systematically review behavioural aspects in the prevention and control of dental caries and periodontal diseases at individual and population level. MATERIAL & METHODS: With regard to caries, MEDLINE/PubMed was searched on three subheadings focusing on early childhood, proximal and root caries. For periodontal diseases, a meta-review on systematic reviews was performed; thus, the search strategy included specific interventions to change behaviour in order to perform a meta-review on systematic reviews...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253584/-comparison-of-long-term-dental-treatment-effects-of-children-treated-under-general-anesthesia-and-passive-restraint
#5
F Zhou, B Xia, S Zhang, W L Ma, Y M Xiao, L H Ge
Objective: To compare the long-term dental treatment effects, oral health habits and oral-health-related qualities of life of children treated under general anesthesia (GA) and passive restraint (PR), respectively. Methods: Twenty seven 2 to 4-year-old children treated under GA and thirty four children treated under PR were recruited in the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology. Up to 2 years after the treatment, a follow up assessment was conducted. The data of general information, dental plaque level and the unplanned treatments were recorded and analyzed...
February 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243836/early-childhood-caries-and-associated-risk-factors-among-preschool-children-in-ras-al-khaimah-united-arab-emirates
#6
M B Kowash, J O Alkhabuli, S A Dafaalla, A Shah, A H Khamis
AIM: To investigate the prevalence and contributing factors of early childhood caries (ECC) in preschool children of Ras Al-Khaimah (RAK), United Arab Emirates (UAE). STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: The sample consisted of 540 healthy preschool children between four and six years of age attending 10 nursery schools in RAK, UAE. A structured questionnaire was distributed to the mothers of children who gave consent for their children to be included in the study...
February 27, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229541/psychological-and-neural-contributions-to-appetite-self-regulation
#7
Luke E Stoeckel, Leann L Birch, Todd Heatherton, Traci Mann, Christine Hunter, Susan Czajkowski, Lisa Onken, Paige K Berger, Cary R Savage
OBJECTIVE: This paper reviews the state of the science on psychological and neural contributions to appetite self-regulation in the context of obesity. METHODS: Three content areas (neural systems and cognitive functions; parenting and early childhood development; and goal setting and goal striving) served to illustrate different perspectives on the psychological and neural factors that contribute to appetite dysregulation in the context of obesity. Talks were initially delivered at an NIH workshop consisting of experts in these three content areas, and then content areas were further developed through a review of the literature...
March 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222484/overweight-obese-underweight-and-frequency-of-sugar-consumption-as-risk-indicators-for-early-childhood-caries-in-brazilian-preschool-children
#8
Cecilia Claudia Costa Ribeiro, Mariana Carvalho Batista da Silva, Ana Margarida Melo Nunes, Erika Bárbara de Abreu Fonseca Thomaz, Cadidja Dayane Sousa Carmo, Marizélia Rodrigues Costa Ribeiro, Antônio Augusto Moura da Silva
BACKGROUND: A possible association between being overweight or obese and early childhood caries (ECC) remains controversial. AIM: To investigated this association in a developing country testing the confounding effects of socioeconomic factors and frequency of sugar consumption. METHODS: Historical cohort study, 388 children (aged 24-71 months) living in São Luís, Brazil. A theoretical model adjusted according to income, birthweight, and nutritional status at twelve months and frequency of sugar consumption was generated with directed acyclic graphs to analyze this association...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207379/absence-of-fluoride-varnish-related-adverse-events-in-caries-prevention-trials-in-young-children-united-states
#9
Raul I Garcia, Steven E Gregorich, Francisco Ramos-Gomez, Patricia A Braun, Anne Wilson, Judith Albino, Tamanna Tiwari, Maya Harper, Terrence S Batliner, Margaret Rasmussen, Nancy F Cheng, William Santo, Paul L Geltman, Michelle Henshaw, Stuart A Gansky
INTRODUCTION: Fluoride varnish is an effective prevention intervention for caries in young children. Its routine use in clinical care is supported by meta-analyses and recommended by clinical guidelines, including the US Preventive Services Task Force (B rating). This report is the first prospective systematic assessment of adverse events related to fluoride varnish treatment in young children. METHODS: We determined the incidence of adverse events related to fluoride varnish treatment in 3 clinical trials on the prevention of early childhood caries, conducted under the auspices of the Early Childhood Caries Collaborating Centers, an initiative sponsored by the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research...
February 16, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206900/caregiver-illness-perception-of-their-child-s-early-childhood-caries
#10
Mary Beth Slusar, Suchitra Nelson
PURPOSE: The purpose of this case-control study was to evaluate the association between parent/caregivers' illness perception and early childhood caries (ECC). METHODS: Parent/caregivers of children younger than six years old were recruited at the dental clinic of an urban children's hospital between June 2013 and September 2015. Cases were caregivers of ECC children; controls were caregivers of children without ECC. Caregivers completed the Illness Perception Questionnaire-Revised for Dental (IPQ-RD) assessing cognitive (identity, consequences, control, timeline, illness coherence, cause) and emotional representations of dental caries...
October 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134351/candida-albicans-stimulates-streptococcus-mutans-microcolony-development-via-cross-kingdom-biofilm-derived-metabolites
#11
Dongyeop Kim, Arjun Sengupta, Tagbo H R Niepa, Byung-Hoo Lee, Aalim Weljie, Veronica S Freitas-Blanco, Ramiro M Murata, Kathleen J Stebe, Daeyeon Lee, Hyun Koo
Candida albicans is frequently detected with heavy infection of Streptococcus mutans in plaque-biofilms from children affected with early-childhood caries, a prevalent and costly oral disease. The presence of C. albicans enhances S. mutans growth within biofilms, yet the chemical interactions associated with bacterial accumulation remain unclear. Thus, this study was conducted to investigate how microbial products from this cross-kingdom association modulate S. mutans build-up in biofilms. Our data revealed that bacterial-fungal derived conditioned medium (BF-CM) significantly increased the growth of S...
January 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122670/atopic-dermatitis-and-early-childhood-caries-results-of-the-gusto-study
#12
Tosha Ashish Kalhan, Evelyn Xiu Ling Loo, Ashish Chetan Kalhan, Michael S Kramer, Bindu Karunakaran, Carolina Un Lam, Hugo Van Bever, Lynette Pei-Chi Shek, Anne Goh, Yap Seng Chong, Bee Wah Lee, Peter Gluckman, Kenneth Kwek, Seang Mei Saw, Keith Godfrey, Chin-Ying Hsu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 13, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118645/a-polymorphism-in-the-mtrr-gene-is-associated-with-early-childhood-caries-and-underweight
#13
Lívia Azeredo Alves Antunes, Claudio Manoel Cabral Machado, Ana Carolina Kuntz Couto, Ludiana Barbosa Lopes, Fernanda Cunha Sena, Fernanda Volpe Abreu, Renato Silva Fraga, Erika Calvano Küchler, Leonardo Santos Antunes
Polymorphisms in genes encoding the enzymes involved in the metabolism of homocysteine, such as methionine synthase (MTR) and methionine synthase reductase (MTRR), play an important function in the metabolism of folic acid and vitamin B12. The present study aimed to evaluate the association of polymorphisms in genes MTR (rs1805087) and MTRR (rs1801394) with susceptibility of early childhood caries (ECC) and with body mass index alterations. A cross-sectional study was performed in 488 children aged from 2 to 6 years from 25 public day care centers in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil...
2017: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105963/prevalence-and-heritability-of-early-childhood-caries-among-monozygotic-and-dizygotic-twins
#14
Anuradha Kuppan, Steven Rodrigues, Victor Samuel, Mahesh Ramakrishnan, Hassan S Halawany, Nimmi B Abraham, Vimal Jacob, Sukumaran Anil
Deciphering the relative importance of genetic and environmental factors, which play a major role in the prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC), can help clinicians with planning a long-term preventive treatment. The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence and heritability of ECC among monozygotic (MZ) and dizygotic (DZ) twins in Chennai, India, in the year 2013. A cross-sectional study was designed to estimate the prevalence of ECC among twins. Zygosity classification for the survey framework was adapted from a highly accurate parental report questionnaire pertaining to the physical similarity between twins...
February 2017: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076495/antimicrobial-activity-of-ozone-and-naf-chlorhexidine-on-early-childhood-caries
#15
Marcos Ximenes, Mariane Cardoso, Fernando Astorga, Roland Arnold, Luiz André Pimenta, Ricardo de Sousa Viera
An early childhood carie (ECC) is an extremely destructive form of tooth decay. The aim of this study was to investigate the action of ozone (O3), and the association of sodium fluoride (NaF) with chlorhexidine (CHX) on bacteria related to ECC. Overnight culture of the bacteria was performed. On exponential phase the suspension was adjusted (101-108 CFU/mL). A drop (10μL) of each concentration of bacteria was applied on sheep blood agar plates and treated with O3 (2, 20, 200, and 2,000 ppm); after 18 hours, recovery analysis of CFU verified the reduction of bacterial activity...
January 5, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997996/oral-health-interventions-in-australian-aboriginal-communities-a-review-of-the-literature
#16
REVIEW
J Patel, A Durey, L Hearn, L M Slack-Smith
BACKGROUND: Aboriginal Australians experience significant disparities in oral health with even poorer outcomes reported in rural and remote areas. The high rates of preventable dental disease in Aboriginal communities are a serious concern from a social standpoint and in terms of service provision and healthcare expenditure. METHODS: Primary research literature was comprehensively reviewed. Papers were selected if they reported designing or implementing an intervention or oral health program specific to the needs of Aboriginal communities...
December 20, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941252/antenatal-health-care-and-postnatal-dental-check-ups-prevent-early-childhood-caries
#17
Yukie Nakai, Yukako Mori, Izumi Tamaoka
The first stage of early childhood caries (ECC) is infection by mutans streptococci, of which the primary infection source is the child's mother. Early intervention programs including antenatal and postnatal phases are effective for reducing ECC. This study was conducted to assess the respective effects of antenatal health care and postnatal care such as regular dental check-ups on reducing ECC among 3-year-old Japanese children. This nested case-control study of 155 three-year-old children (49.0% boys) was conducted at a dental clinic that provides collaborative health services with the Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinic, Okayama...
2016: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936203/early-respiratory-infections-and-dental-caries-in-the-first-27-years-of-life-a-population-based-cohort-study
#18
Aino K Rantala, Ilkka T Mehtonen, Maritta S Jaakkola, Simo Näyhä, Timo T Hugg, Jouni J K Jaakkola
Early-life respiratory tract infections (RTIs) and dental caries are among the most common infectious diseases worldwide. The relations between early RTIs and development of caries in permanent teeth have not been studied earlier. We assessed childhood RTIs as potential predictors of caries in young adulthood in a 20-year prospective population-based cohort study (The Espoo Cohort Study). Information on lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) that had required hospitalization was retrieved from the National Hospital Discharge Registry (n = 1623)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931421/policy-on-early-childhood-caries-ecc-unique-challenges-and-treatment-options
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931420/policy-on-early-childhood-caries-ecc-classifications-consequences-and-preventive-strategies
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
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