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Early childhood caries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076495/antimicrobial-activity-of-ozone-and-naf-chlorhexidine-on-early-childhood-caries
#1
Marcos Ximenes, Mariane Cardoso, Fernando Astorga, Roland Arnold, Luiz André Pimenta, Ricardo de Sousa Viera
An early childhood carie (ECC) is an extremely destructive form of tooth decay. The aim of this study was to investigate the action of ozone (O3), and the association of sodium fluoride (NaF) with chlorhexidine (CHX) on bacteria related to ECC. Overnight culture of the bacteria was performed. On exponential phase the suspension was adjusted (101-108 CFU/mL). A drop (10μL) of each concentration of bacteria was applied on sheep blood agar plates and treated with O3 (2, 20, 200, and 2,000 ppm); after 18 hours, recovery analysis of CFU verified the reduction of bacterial activity...
January 5, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997996/oral-health-interventions-in-australian-aboriginal-communities-a-review-of-the-literature
#2
REVIEW
J Patel, A Durey, L Hearn, L M Slack-Smith
BACKGROUND: Aboriginal Australians experience significant disparities in oral health with even poorer outcomes reported in rural and remote areas. The high rates of preventable dental disease in Aboriginal communities are a serious concern from a social standpoint and in terms of service provision and healthcare expenditure. METHODS: Primary research literature was comprehensively reviewed. Papers were selected if they reported designing or implementing an intervention or oral health program specific to the needs of Aboriginal communities...
December 20, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941252/antenatal-health-care-and-postnatal-dental-check-ups-prevent-early-childhood-caries
#3
Yukie Nakai, Yukako Mori, Izumi Tamaoka
The first stage of early childhood caries (ECC) is infection by mutans streptococci, of which the primary infection source is the child's mother. Early intervention programs including antenatal and postnatal phases are effective for reducing ECC. This study was conducted to assess the respective effects of antenatal health care and postnatal care such as regular dental check-ups on reducing ECC among 3-year-old Japanese children. This nested case-control study of 155 three-year-old children (49.0% boys) was conducted at a dental clinic that provides collaborative health services with the Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinic, Okayama...
2016: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936203/early-respiratory-infections-and-dental-caries-in-the-first-27-years-of-life-a-population-based-cohort-study
#4
Aino K Rantala, Ilkka T Mehtonen, Maritta S Jaakkola, Simo Näyhä, Timo T Hugg, Jouni J K Jaakkola
Early-life respiratory tract infections (RTIs) and dental caries are among the most common infectious diseases worldwide. The relations between early RTIs and development of caries in permanent teeth have not been studied earlier. We assessed childhood RTIs as potential predictors of caries in young adulthood in a 20-year prospective population-based cohort study (The Espoo Cohort Study). Information on lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) that had required hospitalization was retrieved from the National Hospital Discharge Registry (n = 1623)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931421/policy-on-early-childhood-caries-ecc-unique-challenges-and-treatment-options
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931420/policy-on-early-childhood-caries-ecc-classifications-consequences-and-preventive-strategies
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923355/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-and-early-childhood-caries-among-preschool-children-in-trinidad
#7
Rahul Naidu, June Nunn, Erica Donnelly-Swift
BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries (ECC) is a public health problem in developed and developing countries. The purpose of this study was to describe the relationship between oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and ECC among preschool children in a Caribbean population. METHOD: Parents/primary caregivers of children attending nine, randomly selected preschools in central Trinidad were invited to complete an oral health questionnaire and have their child undertake an oral examination...
December 7, 2016: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901203/case-control-study-examining-the-impact-of-oral-health-problems-on-the-quality-of-life-of-the-families-of-preschoolers
#8
Ramon Targino Firmino, Monalisa Cesarino Gomes, Raquel Gonçalves Vieira-Andrade, Carolina Castro Martins, Saul Martins Paiva, Ana Flávia Granville-Garcia
The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of dental caries, traumatic dental injuries (TDI), toothaches, and malocclusion on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of the families of Brazilian preschool children. A population-based, matched case-control study involving 415 pre-schoolers aged 3-5 years was conducted. The case (impact on OHRQoL) and control groups (no impact on OHRQoL) were matched for age, gender, and family income at an 1:4 ratio. Impact on the OHRQoL of a family was assessed using the Brazilian version of the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (B-ECOHIS)...
November 28, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882621/youtube-as-a-source-for-parents-education-on-early-childhood-caries
#9
Rawan ElKarmi, Yazan Hassona, Dina Taimeh, Crispian Scully
BACKGROUND: Patients can and do search the Internet for information on various health-related topics. YouTube™ is one popular website they may consult. AIM: To examine the quality of information offered by YouTube™ for patients seeking information on early childhood caries (ECC). DESIGN: YouTube™ was searched for videos on ECC. The usefulness of selected videos in providing adequate information about ECC was evaluated using a 13-point usefulness score...
November 24, 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878824/minimal-intervention-dentistry-for-early-childhood-caries-and-child-dental-anxiety-a-randomised-control-trial
#10
Peter Arrow, Elizabeth Klobas
BACKGROUND: To compare changes in child dental anxiety after treatment for Early Childhood Caries (ECC) using two treatment approaches. METHODS: Children with ECC were randomised to Test (Atraumatic Restorative Treatment, ART-based approach) or Control (standard care approach). Children 3 years or older completed a dental anxiety scale at baseline and follow-up. Changes in child dental anxiety from baseline to follow-up were tested using chi-squared statistic, Wilcoxon's rank-sum test, McNemar's test and multinomial logistic regression...
November 23, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876586/fluoride-supplementation-adherence-and-barriers-in-a-community-without-water-fluoridation
#11
Shannon Flood, Karin Asplund, Benjamin Hoffman, Allison Nye, Katharine Zuckerman
BACKGROUND: To prevent early childhood caries, the American Dental Association recommends oral fluoride supplementation for children in communities lacking water fluoridation who are at high caries risk. However, patient adherence to oral fluoride supplementation has not been studied in this population. This study assessed adherence to oral fluoride and barriers to adherence in a community lacking water fluoridation. METHODS: A self-administered survey was completed in a systematic sample of 209 parents of children ages 6 months to 4 years, during a primary care visit in an urban academic medical center...
November 19, 2016: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859533/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-the-atraumatic-restorative-treatment-based-approach-to-managing-early-childhood-caries
#12
Utsana Tonmukayakul, Peter Arrow
OBJECTIVE: Paediatric dental care under general anaesthesia among preschool children in Western Australia is increasing and costly. This study assessed cost-effectiveness of the atraumatic restorative treatment-based (ART-based) approach against the standard care (SC) approach to managing early childhood caries in a primary care setting based on a 1-year pragmatic randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Cost-effectiveness analysis, from the service provider perspective, was conducted...
November 14, 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855843/further-investigations-are-needed-for-the-use-of-the-early-childhood-oral-health-impact-scale-in-primary-care-settings
#13
Gillian H M Lee
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: Responsiveness and sensitivity of the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale to primary dental care for early childhood caries. Arrow P. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2016; 44(1):1-10. SOURCE OF FUNDING: Government: Western Australia Health Department Targeted Research Grant Fund TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Cohort study.
September 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843829/knowledge-attitude-and-practices-of-oral-health-care-in-prevention-of-early-childhood-caries-among-parents-of-children-in-belagavi-city-a-questionnaire-study
#14
H P Suma Sogi, Shivayogi M Hugar, Triveni Mohan Nalawade, Anjali Sinha, Shweta Hugar, Rachappa M Mallikarjuna
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the existing knowledge, attitude, and practices of "oral health care" in the prevention of early childhood caries (ECCs) among parents of children in Belagavi city. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the outpatient Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, KLE VK Institute of Dental Sciences, Belagavi, Karnataka. Institutional Ethical Clearance was obtained. The study was conducted during the month of April 2014 to October 2014 after taking prior informed consent from the 218 parents...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843258/prevalence-of-early-childhood-caries-in-children-of-west-godavari-district-andhra-pradesh-south-india-an-epidemiological-study
#15
Srikanth Koya, K S Ravichandra, Vasa A Arunkumar, Suzan Sahana, H M Pushpalatha
AIM: To determine the prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC) and its risk factors in children of West Godavari district, Andhra Pradesh. STUDY DESIGN: A sample of 1,897 children between 24 and 71 months of age based on stratified cluster random sampling were clinically examined for dental caries using mouth mirror under day light. The parents/caregivers of each child were interviewed with a structured questionnaire. Data was analyzed using independent sample Student's t-test and chi-square test...
July 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837345/molecular-detection-of-bacteria-associated-to-caries-activity-in-dentinal-lesions
#16
Beatriz Gonçalves Neves, Rafael Nóbrega Stipp, Daniela da Silva Bezerra, Sarah Florindo de Figueiredo Guedes, Lidiany Karla Azevedo Rodrigues
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at identifying and quantifying Actinomyces naeslundii, Bifidobacterium spp., Streptococcus mitis group, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus casei group, Streptococcus gordonii, and Streptococcus mutans in active and inactive carious dentine lesions of children with early childhood caries by using quantitative polymerase chain reaction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty-six dentin lesion samples, classified as active (n = 39) or inactive (n = 17), were collected from children aged from 2 to 5 years old...
November 12, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834298/birth-weight-breastfeeding-maternal-smoking-and-caries-trajectories
#17
E Bernabé, H MacRitchie, C Longbottom, N B Pitts, W Sabbah
Evidence for the effects of low birth weight, breastfeeding and maternal smoking on childhood caries is mainly cross-sectional. We examined the association of these 3 putative early life factors with caries increment over a 4-y period among young children. We used data from a 4-y longitudinal caries-risk assessment study carried out among Scottish children. Early life factors were measured when children were aged 1 y (baseline). Caries assessment was repeated annually from ages 1 to 4, and the number of decayed, missing and filled primary tooth surfaces (dmfs) were used as a repeated outcome measure...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833512/impact-of-sociodemographic-attributes-and-dental-caries-on-quality-of-life-of-intellectual-disabled-children-using-ecohis
#18
Vikram Pal Aggarwal, Anmol Mathur, C L Dileep, Manu Batra, Diljot Kaur Makkar
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of oral health outcomes on Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) among intellectual disabled children and their families. METHODOLOGY: OHRQoL based study was conducted among 150 intellectual disabled children students in the North West part of the country, Rajasthan, India. Guardians were asked to complete questionnaire on socioeconomic status and the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) on their perception of the children's OHRQoL...
October 2016: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805891/the-role-of-feeding-practices-as-a-determinant-of-the-pufa-index-in-children-with-early-childhood-caries
#19
K Gandeeban, M Ramakrishnan, H S Halawany, N B Abraham, V Jacob, S Anil
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence and severity of untreated dental caries among young children (aged <6 years) with early childhood caries (ECC) using the pufa index and to examine the relationship between caries and feeding practices. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study of children with ECC was undertaken in two stages: a questionnaire survey based on interviews and an intraoral examination using the defs and pufa indices. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of untreated dental caries in our sample of 238 ECC-affected children was 72...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803205/the-impact-of-an-infant-oral-health-program-on-dental-students-knowledge-and-attitudes
#20
Marcelle M Nascimento, Leda Mugayar, Scott L Tomar, Cynthia W Garvan, Frank A Catalanotto, Linda S Behar-Horenstein
The high prevalence of early childhood caries and many general dentists' reluctance to treat young children and pregnant women demand new educational programs to foster delivery of oral health services. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of an Infant Oral Health Program (IOHP) at the University of Florida College of Dentistry on dental students' knowledge about and willingness to provide dental care for infants, children up to three years of age, and pregnant women. A total of 233 dental students in the first through fourth years and recent graduates completed a survey that assessed the educational outcomes of the IOHP; only the fourth-year students had received IOHP training...
November 2016: Journal of Dental Education
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