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Early childhood caries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473392/-objective-over-recent-years-therapeutic-patient-education-has-become-part-of-dental-medicine-management-of-early-childhood-caries-known-to-be-a-very-common-chronic-disease-has-evolved-to-include-an-educational-dimension-the-objective-of-this-study-was-to-identify
#1
Thomas Marquillier, Thomas Trentesaux, Rémi Gagnayre
OBJECTIVE: Over recent years, therapeutic patient education has become part of dental medicine. Management of early childhood caries, known to be a very common chronic disease, has evolved to include an educational dimension. The objective of this study was to identify the levers and barriers to the development of formalized therapeutic education programmes and alternatives. METHODS: A comprehensive exploratory qualitative study was conducted between November 2015 and June 2016 on a targeted sample of 15 people aware of the problem of TPE in dentistry...
January 30, 2018: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472649/are-there-good-reasons-for-fluoride-labelling-of-food-and-drink
#2
F V Zohoori, A Maguire
This opinion piece highlights the importance of controlling systemic fluoride intake from food and drink in early childhood to minimise risk of dental fluorosis whilst maximising caries prevention; the wide range of fluoride contents found in a study of commercially-available food and drinks; and the need for comprehensive fluoride labelling on food and drink products in the UK, particularly those used by infants and young children.
February 23, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461622/fidelity-of-motivational-interviewing-in-an-american-indian-oral-health-intervention
#3
Anne R Wilson, Karen A Fehringer, William G Henderson, Kamilla Venner, Jacob Thomas, Maya M Harper, Terrence S Batliner, Judith Albino
OBJECTIVES: Assess fidelity of a motivational interviewing (MI) intervention focused on preventing early childhood caries in a cohort of American Indian mothers with newborns. METHODS: Four interventionists were trained to administer an oral health MI intervention. The MI sessions were audio recorded to enable scoring as part of fidelity studies to assess the interventionist's degree of competence in using MI principles. Evaluation of the interventionists was completed using the Motivational Interviewing Treatment Integrity (MITI) 3...
February 20, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459908/trends-in-early-childhood-caries-an-italian-perspective
#4
Alessandro Ugolini, Simona Salamone, Paola Agostino, Enrica Sardi, Armando Silvestrini-Biavati
PURPOSE: To evaluate the prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC) and severe ECC (S-ECC) among Italian preschool children and its predictors regarding children's lifestyle. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out involving 563 preschool children. A questionnaire for children's parents and clinical examinations were conducted by calibrated, blinded examiners. The odds ratios (OR) for ECC or S-ECC and co-presence of risk factors were calculated using univariate and multivariate models...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419880/inequalities-in-dental-caries-experience-among-4-year-old-new-zealand-children
#5
Nichola Shackleton, Jonathan M Broadbent, Simon Thornley, Barry J Milne, Sue Crengle, Daniel J Exeter
OBJECTIVES: To investigate ethnic-specific deprivation gradients in early childhood dental caries experience considering different domains of deprivation. METHODS: We used cross-sectional near whole population-level data on 318 321 four-year-olds attending the "B4 School check," a national health and development check in New Zealand, across 6 fiscal years (2010/2011 to 2015/2016). The "lift the lip" screening tool was used to estimate experience of any caries and severe caries...
February 8, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416899/genotypic-characterization-and-comparison-of-streptococcus-mutans-in-american-indian-and-southeast-iowa-children
#6
Alissa L Villhauer, David J Lynch, John J Warren, Deborah V Dawson, Derek R Blanchette, David R Drake
Early childhood caries is a complex health care issue that has a multifactorial etiology. One aspect of this etiology is the colonization and propagation of acidogenic bacteria at an early age. There have been several bacterial species associated with caries but 1 common species is Streptococcus mutans. Here, we describe genotypic diversity and commonality of Streptococcus mutans recovered from children representing 2 groups with similar socioeconomic demographics: a Northern Plains American Indian Tribe and a Southeast Iowa population...
December 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412407/oral-health-outcomes-the-association-of-clinical-and-socio-dental-indicators-to-evaluate-dental-caries-in-preschool-children
#7
Lívia Azeredo Alves Antunes, Giulia Ornellas, Renato Silva Fraga, Leonardo Santos Antunes
Dental caries is a public health problem that impacts oral health related to quality of life (OHRQoL). This study aimed to evaluate the outcome of dental caries in children by associating clinical and socio-dental indicators. A cross-sectional study was carried out with 2 to 6-year-old children who attended public day care centers in a city in the Southeast Region of Brazil. After sample calculation, 446 children were randomly selected by eligibility criteria. Two professionals evaluated dental caries using WHO (2013) criteria and classified subjects according to early childhood caries (ECC) severity...
February 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385684/managing-early-childhood-caries-for-young-children-in-china
#8
REVIEW
Kitty Jieyi Chen, Sherry Shiqian Gao, Duangporn Duangthip, Edward Chin Man Lo, Chun Hung Chu
The latest national survey found that 70% of 5-year-old children in China had dental caries. The prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC) may not only be attributed to poor oral hygiene and unhealthy diet, but also to limited access to and availability of dental care. The prevailing preventive measures adopted by industrialised countries for ECC management are neither practical nor affordable in China. Hence, an alternative approach to ECC management is necessary. Atraumatic restorative treatment (ART) has been advocated because the simple and short operative time renders ART affordable...
January 30, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381827/effects-of-nutrition-and-hygiene-education-on-oral-health-and-growth-among-toddlers-in-rural-uganda-follow-up-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Grace K M Muhoozi, Prudence Atukunda, Anne B Skaare, Tiril Willumsen, Lien My Diep, Ane C Westerberg, Per Ole Iversen
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of a nutrition and hygiene education intervention on oral health behavior and whether early onset of caries was related to child growth in rural Uganda. METHODS: Follow-up study of a cluster-randomized controlled trial conducted between October 2013 and January 2015. Data were available from 399 mother/child pairs (203 in the intervention and 198 in the control group) of the original trial (78%) when the children were 36 months. Oral health behavior was evaluated using questionnaires...
January 30, 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380620/parental-oral-health-literacy-of-children-with-severe-early-childhood-caries-in-hong-kong
#10
S Hiu Fong Lai, M Kok Wun Wong, H Ming Wong, C Kar Yung Yiu
AIM: To assess the parental oral health literacy of children with severe early childhood caries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 315 children diagnosed with severe early childhood caries, and their parents were recruited to participate in the study. A clinical examination was conducted to assess the children's oral health status. Their parents were asked to complete a Hong Kong Oral Health Literacy Assessment Task for Paediatric Dentistry (HKOHLAT-P) questionnaire...
December 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380407/who-global-consultation-on-public-health-intervention-against-early-childhood-caries
#11
Prathip Phantumvanit, Yuka Makino, Hiroshi Ogawa, Andrew Rugg-Gunn, Paula Moynihan, Poul Erik Petersen, Wendell Evans, Carlos Alberto Feldens, Edward Lo, Mohammad H Khoshnevisan, Ramon Baez, Benoit Varenne, Tippanart Vichayanrat, Yupin Songpaisan, Margaret Woodward, Siriruk Nakornchai, Chantana Ungchusak
Early Childhood Caries (ECC) is prevalent around the world, but in particular the disease is growing rapidly in low- and middle-income countries in parallel with changing diet and lifestyles. In many countries, ECC is often left untreated, a condition which leads to pain and adversely affects general health, growth and development, and quality of life of children, their families and their communities. Importantly, ECC is also a global public health burden, medically, socially and economically. In many countries, a substantial number of children require general anaesthesia for the treatment of caries in their primary teeth (usually extractions), and this has considerable cost and social implications...
January 30, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364253/oral-biofilm-sampling-for-microbiome-analysis-in-healthy-children
#12
Elisabeth Santigli, Martin Koller, Barbara Klug
Oral biofilm and its molecular analysis provide a basis for investigating various dental research and clinical questions. Knowledge of biofilm composition leads to a better understanding of cariogenic and periopathogenic mechanisms. Microbial changes taking place in the oral cavity during childhood are of interest for several reasons. The evolution of the child oral microbiota and shifts in its composition need to be analyzed further to understand and possibly prevent the onset of disease. At the same time, advanced knowledge of the natural composition of oral biofilm is needed...
December 31, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355418/rebalancing-the-caries-microbiome-dysbiosis-targeted-treatment-and-sugar-alcohols
#13
L Zhan
Dental caries is a disease that results from microbiome dysbiosis with the involvement of multiple cariogenic species, including mutans streptococci (MS), lactobacilli, Scardovia wiggsiae, and several Actinomyces species that have the cariogenic traits of acid production and acid tolerance. Sugar consumption also plays an important role interacting with microbiome dysbiosis, determining the fate of caries development. In addition, the MS transmission that encompasses multiple sources can have long-term impacts on the oral microbiome and caries development in children...
February 2018: Advances in Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335687/structure-of-the-bacterial-community-in-different-stages-of-early-childhood-caries
#14
Marcos Ximenes, Rafael Dutra de Armas, Thaisa Cezária Triches, Mariane Cardoso, Ricardo de Souza Vieira
PURPOSE: To characterise in vivo the structure of bacterial communities in decayed and sound primary teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Samples of biofilms were collected from three groups of patients with complete and exclusively primary dentition (n = 45): G1: sound teeth (n = 15); G2: enamel lesion (n = 15); G3: dentin lesion (n = 15). DNA was extracted (CTAB 2%) from the biofilm, the partial 16S rRNA gene was amplified with Bacteria Universal Primers (BA338fGC - UN518r) and subjected to DGGE (denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis)...
January 15, 2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335052/an-evaluation-of-bite-pattern-in-children-with-severe-early-childhood-caries-before-and-after-complete-dental-rehabilitation
#15
Abdullah Abdulrahman Alshareef, Abdulaziz Alkhuriaf, Sharat Chandra Pani
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the changes in bite characteristics of children before and after the placement of multiple stainless steel crowns (SSCs) under general anesthesia (GA). METHODS: Twenty children scheduled for treatment under general anesthesia who needed SSCs in three or more posterior quadrants were included in this study. The bite was digitally analyzed and recorded preoperatively and at one and four weeks postoperatively. The occlusion time, number of force outliers, and distribution of force at each visit was recorded and compared...
November 1, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335051/effectiveness-of-a-preventive-recall-strategy-for-children-after-dental-rehabilitation-with-general-anesthesia
#16
Elizabeth J Berry, Tegwyn H Brickhouse, Amanda K Kerns, Katherine A Nordeen, Al M Best
PURPOSE: To test a more frequent preventive recall strategy following full-mouth dental rehabilitation (FMDR) in children with early childhood caries (ECC). METHODS: Patients were randomized into two groups: controls, who were scheduled to return at six-month intervals (6-MR); and the intervention group, who were scheduled to return at three-month intervals (3-MR and 6-MR). At baseline and at each recall, a caries risk assessment (CRA) and dental exam were completed...
November 1, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326501/analysis-of-salivary-iga-amylase-lactoferrin-and-lysozyme-before-and-after-comprehensive-dental-treatment-in-children-a-prospective-study
#17
Akhilesh Sharma, Priya Subramaniam, Shebin Moiden
Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the levels of salivary IgA, amylase, lactoferrin, and lysozyme before and after comprehensive dental treatment in children with early childhood caries. Design: Thirty children aged 36-60 months, with a deft score ≥5, were selected for the study. Before dental treatment, paraffin-stimulated whole saliva was collected in a sterile graduated cup for a period of 5 min. The saliva samples were quantitatively analyzed for levels of IgA, amylase, lactoferrin, and lysozyme using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314344/caries-outcome-following-an-intensive-fluoride-varnish-treatment-regimen-for-children-at-high-risk-for-early-childhood-caries
#18
Agelina E Paek, Yihong Li, Zhemeng Wang, Patrick So, Malvin N Janal, Neal G Herman, Andrew Hopkins, Courtney Chinn
PURPOSE: To evaluate the caries relapse rate for a cohort of 2- to 4-year-old children at high risk of early childhood caries when treated with an intensive fluoride varnish (FV) regimen. METHODS: Eighty paediatric patients were recruited. Forty of these patients were high risk and received the FV treatment (three applications within 2 weeks and additional applications at 1 and 3 months) during 2009-2010. Mutans streptococci (MS) levels in the saliva were evaluated during the treatment period...
January 5, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297562/are-maternal-factors-predictors-for-early-childhood-caries-results-from-a-cohort-in-southern-brazil
#19
Gabriela Dos Santos Pinto, Marina Sousa Azevedo, Marília Leão Goettems, Marcos Britto Correa, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flávio Fernando Demarco
This study aimed to determine the influence of maternal factors on the early development of dental caries in Brazilian preschoolers. This cross-sectional study was nested in a cohort of adolescent mothers. The current wave was performed when the children were aged 24 to 42 months. The questionnaire-based survey targeted adolescent mothers and included demographic and socioeconomic variables as well as the maternal education level. In addition, clinical examinations were performed on the mothers and their children...
May 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288546/the-impact-of-dental-caries-and-its-treatment-by-conventional-or-biological-approaches-on-the-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-of-children-and-carers
#20
Alaa BaniHani, Chris Deery, Jack Toumba, Theresa Munyombwe, Monty Duggal
BACKGROUND: The effect of untreated dental caries and the approaches taken to its treatment have not been extensively elucidated in children. AIM: To investigate the impact of untreated dental caries on children aged 4-9 years and whether its treatment with either a conventional or a biological approach influenced the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of the children and their carers. DESIGN: Children (n = 110) and their carers attending two specialist centres for treatment of carious primary teeth completed the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale and the Self-reported Scale of Oral Health Outcomes for 5-year-old Children at baseline prior to dental treatment and at 3-6 months following completion of dental care...
December 30, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
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