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Early childhood caries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417515/do-maternal-depression-and-anxiety-influence-children-s-oral-health-related-quality-of-life
#1
Francine Dos Santos Costa, Marina Sousa Azevedo, Thiago Machado Ardenghi, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flávio Fernando Demarco, Marília Leão Goettems
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the influence of depressive and anxiety symptoms in young mothers on their perception in relation to their children's oral health-related quality of life (COHRQoL). METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out in Pelotas, Southern Brazil, and it was nested in a cohort of adolescent mothers having their prenatal care in public health service, starting in 2008. When the children were aged 24-36 months, they and their mothers were interviewed and submitted to clinical examination by a trained team...
April 17, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393814/exploring-the-multitude-of-risk-factors-associated-with-early-childhood-caries
#2
Madhu Kakanur, Mihir Nayak, Sandyadevi S Patil, Rachna Thakur, Santhosh T Paul, Nisha Tewathia
CONTEXT: Despite efforts in restorative therapy, children who experience Early Childhood Caries (ECC) continue to be at a higher risk for new lesions in both the primary and the permanent dentition. Early interventions which disrupt the pathobiology of caries need identification of all the causative or risk factors. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study dealt with the prevalence and associated risk factors of ECC among preschool children aged 3 to 5 years in Bengaluru city...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390463/association-between-early-childhood-caries-and-colonization-with-streptococcus-mutans-genotypes-from-mothers
#3
Noel K Childers, Stephanie S Momeni, Jennifer Whiddon, Kyounga Cheon, Gary R Cutter, Howard W Wiener, Tariq S Ghazal, John D Ruby, Stephen A Moser
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate Streptococcus mutans genotypes (GT) between mother and child (M-C) in a high caries risk cohort to explore the association with early childhood caries (ECC). METHODS: Sixty-nine infants (each approximately one year old) had periodic oral examinations (dmfs) and microbial samples collected from dental plaque, saliva, and other oral surfaces. Their mothers had an examination and plaque collected. S mutans isolates were genotyped using repetitive extragenic palindromic-PCR (rep-PCR)...
March 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390461/severity-of-dental-caries-and-quality-of-life-for-toddlers-and-their-families
#4
Izabella Barbosa Fernandes, Túlio Silva Pereira, Débora Souto Souza, Joana Ramos-Jorge, Leandro Silva Marques, Maria Letícia Ramos-Jorge
PURPOSE: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the impact of untreated caries in different stages on the oral healthrelated quality of life (OHRQoL) of one- to three-year-olds and their families. METHODS: The mothers of 308 children answered the Brazilian version of the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale to determine their perceptions of the OHRQoL of their children. The mothers also answered a questionnaire addressing demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of their families...
March 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390125/impact-of-early-childhood-caries-and-its-treatment-under-general-anesthesia-on-orofacial-function-and-quality-of-life-a-prospective-comparative-study
#5
V Collado, H Pichot, C Delfosse, C Eschevins, E Nicolas, M Hennequin
BACKGROUND: Early Childhood Caries (ECC) has become a major public health concern worldwide, mostly affecting children from disadvantaged families in increasingly severe forms. This condition has been frequently reported to alter children's nutrition, growth and general development. It negatively impacts their quality of life, through painful episodes and severe eating difficulties. While this period is crucial for oral praxes development, the impact of dental state on oro-facial functions is poorly documented...
April 8, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380088/dental-caries-and-quality-of-life-of-preschool-children-discriminant-validity-of-the-ecohis
#6
Meire Coelho Ferreira, Maria Letícia Ramos-Jorge, Leandro Silva Marques, Fernanda de Oliveira Ferreira
The aim of the present study was to confirm the discriminant validity (obtained using traditional statistical methods) of the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) between preschool children with and without caries (mean score) through an evaluation of the effect size. A systematic search of electronic databases and a manual search were performed for studies published up to December 2015 involving the use of the ECOHIS for the evaluation of the impact of dental caries on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among preschool children...
March 30, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377661/awareness-of-lebanese-pediatricians-regarding-children-s-oral-health
#7
Nahla Nassif, Balsam Noueiri, Riad Bacho, Kassem Kassak
Pediatricians have an important role in early identification and prevention of oral health, but they reported lack of knowledge in this field. AIM: the aim of the study is to evaluate the knowledge and attitudes of Lebanese pediatricians regarding children's oral health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross sectional study including 100 Lebanese pediatricians was performed. They answered 21 questions. Three variables were taken into consideration: The number of years in practice, the place and type of practice...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376271/the-editor-recommends-this-issue-s-article-to-the-reader-relationship-among-a-amylase-and-carbonic-anhydrase-vi-in-saliva-visible-biofilm-and-early-childhood-caries-a-longitudinal-study
#8
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360245/listening-to-paediatric-primary-care-nurses-a-qualitative-study-of-the-potential-for-interprofessional-oral-health-practice-in-six-federally-qualified-health-centres-in-massachusetts-and-maryland
#9
Judith Bernstein, Christina Gebel, Clemencia Vargas, Paul Geltman, Ashley Walter, Raul Garcia, Norman Tinanoff
OBJECTIVES: To explore the opportunities for interprofessional collaboration (IPC) to improve paediatric oral health in federally qualified health centres (FQHCs), to identify challenges to IPC-led integration of oral health prevention into the well-child visit and to suggest strategies to overcome barriers. SAMPLE: Nurse managers (NMs), nurse practitioners (NPs), paediatric clinical staff and administrators in six FQHCs in two states were interviewed using a semistructured format...
March 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359938/effect-of-antimicrobial-photodynamic-therapy-on-the-counts-of-salivary-streptococcus-mutans-in-children-with-severe-early-childhood-caries
#10
Reza Fekrazad, Bahman Seraj, Nasim Chiniforush, Mehrak Rokouei, Niloofar Mousavi, Sara Ghadimi
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) is a novel technique for reduction of pathogenic microorganisms in dentistry. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of aPDT on Streptococcus mutans reduction in children with severe early childhood caries. METHODS: Twenty-two children with severe early childhood caries aged 3 to 6 years were treated with toluoidine blue O (TBO) for 1 minute and irradiated by a Light Emitting Diode (LED; FotoSan, CMS Dental, Denmark) with the exposure time of 150seconds...
March 27, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353319/early-childhood-caries-a-review
#11
Jinfeng Liu, Hongwei Wu, Wei Wang
Early childhood tooth problems are associated with variations in intrauterine and postnatal growth. Both premature and delayed timing of this physiological process might be a manifestation of local and/or systemic alterations. Presently, most clinicians agree that teething does not serious cause life taking pathological state, however, they disagree about reasons responsible for tooth eruption. The distinctive clinical presentation of dental caries in infants and toddlers, which is often known as early childhood caries (ECC), and are influenced by the eruption sequence of the primary dentition...
March 27, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336985/the-hall-technique-10-years-on-its-effect-and-influence
#12
R R Welbury
Dental caries in early childhood can have a very significant effect not only on the oral health of young children but on their quality of life and that of their families. Added to this are the long-term infective risks to the host of untreated caries in primary teeth but also the risk of damage to successor permanent teeth. Traditional restoration of damaged primary teeth has been shown to have only moderate outcomes depending on the techniques and materials used and the ability of children to cooperate because of age or other factors...
March 24, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327259/prevalence-of-enamel-developmental-defects-and-relationship-with-early-childhood-caries-in-trinidad
#13
Rahul S Naidu, June H Nunn
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe the prevalence of developmental defects of enamel (DDE) and their relationship with early childhood caries (ECC) among preschool children in Trinidad. METHODS: A cross-sectional oral health survey of 251 three- to five-year-old preschool children was undertaken in central Trinidad. The decayed, missing, and filled primary teeth (dmft) index and the DDE index were used to measure visible caries experience and enamel developmental defects, respectively...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322356/efficacy-of-motivational-interviewing-in-conjunction-with-caries-risk-assessment-micra-programmes-in-improving-the-dental-health-status-of-preschool-children-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Saruta Saengtipbovorn
PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy of motivational interviewing in conjuction with a caries risk assessment (MICRA) programme to improve the dental health status of preschool children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomised controlled trial was conducted among 214 parents or caregivers and their children at Health Centre 54, Bangkok, Thailand, from September 2015 to February 2016. The participants were randomised to the intervention and the control groups (107 participants per group)...
March 20, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274038/comparative-assessment-of-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-of-children-before-and-after-full-mouth-rehabilitation-under-general-anaesthesia-and-local-anaesthesia
#15
Jaai Vinod Rane, Jasmin Winnier, Rupinder Bhatia
INTRODUCTION: Early Childhood Caries (ECC) is an aggressive form of caries in a child who is 71 months of age or younger. If the child is cooperative, the treatment may be completed under Local Anaesthesia (LA). General Anaesthesia (GA) is considered if the child is uncooperative, medically compromised or if the parents are unable to return for regular visits and requests treatment under GA. Improved Oral health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) has been reported after dental treatment under GA...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266115/socio-behavioural-aspects-in-the-prevention-and-control-of-dental-caries-and-periodontal-diseases-at-an-individual-and-population-level
#16
Sonja Sälzer, Mohammad Alkilzy, Dagmar E Slot, Christof E Dörfer, Julian Schmoeckel, Christian H Splieth
AIM: Aim was to systematically review behavioural aspects in the prevention and control of dental caries and periodontal diseases at individual and population level. MATERIAL & METHODS: With regard to caries, MEDLINE/PubMed was searched on three subheadings focusing on early childhood, proximal and root caries. For periodontal diseases, a meta-review on systematic reviews was performed; thus, the search strategy included specific interventions to change behaviour in order to perform a meta-review on systematic reviews...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253584/-comparison-of-long-term-dental-treatment-effects-of-children-treated-under-general-anesthesia-and-passive-restraint
#17
F Zhou, B Xia, S Zhang, W L Ma, Y M Xiao, L H Ge
Objective: To compare the long-term dental treatment effects, oral health habits and oral-health-related qualities of life of children treated under general anesthesia (GA) and passive restraint (PR), respectively. Methods: Twenty seven 2 to 4-year-old children treated under GA and thirty four children treated under PR were recruited in the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology. Up to 2 years after the treatment, a follow up assessment was conducted. The data of general information, dental plaque level and the unplanned treatments were recorded and analyzed...
February 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243836/early-childhood-caries-and-associated-risk-factors-among-preschool-children-in-ras-al-khaimah-united-arab-emirates
#18
M B Kowash, J O Alkhabuli, S A Dafaalla, A Shah, A H Khamis
AIM: To investigate the prevalence and contributing factors of early childhood caries (ECC) in preschool children of Ras Al-Khaimah (RAK), United Arab Emirates (UAE). STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: The sample consisted of 540 healthy preschool children between four and six years of age attending 10 nursery schools in RAK, UAE. A structured questionnaire was distributed to the mothers of children who gave consent for their children to be included in the study...
February 27, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229541/psychological-and-neural-contributions-to-appetite-self-regulation
#19
Luke E Stoeckel, Leann L Birch, Todd Heatherton, Traci Mann, Christine Hunter, Susan Czajkowski, Lisa Onken, Paige K Berger, Cary R Savage
OBJECTIVE: This paper reviews the state of the science on psychological and neural contributions to appetite self-regulation in the context of obesity. METHODS: Three content areas (neural systems and cognitive functions; parenting and early childhood development; and goal setting and goal striving) served to illustrate different perspectives on the psychological and neural factors that contribute to appetite dysregulation in the context of obesity. Talks were initially delivered at an NIH workshop consisting of experts in these three content areas, and then content areas were further developed through a review of the literature...
March 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222484/overweight-obese-underweight-and-frequency-of-sugar-consumption-as-risk-indicators-for-early-childhood-caries-in-brazilian-preschool-children
#20
Cecilia Claudia Costa Ribeiro, Mariana Carvalho Batista da Silva, Ana Margarida Melo Nunes, Erika Bárbara de Abreu Fonseca Thomaz, Cadidja Dayane Sousa Carmo, Marizélia Rodrigues Costa Ribeiro, Antônio Augusto Moura da Silva
BACKGROUND: A possible association between being overweight or obese and early childhood caries (ECC) remains controversial. AIM: To investigated this association in a developing country testing the confounding effects of socioeconomic factors and frequency of sugar consumption. METHODS: Historical cohort study, 388 children (aged 24-71 months) living in São Luís, Brazil. A theoretical model adjusted according to income, birthweight, and nutritional status at twelve months and frequency of sugar consumption was generated with directed acyclic graphs to analyze this association...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
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