keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Early childhood caries

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816199/early-childhood-caries-a-review
#1
Abdulfatah Alazmah
AIM: To review and update the current knowledge about early childhood caries (ECC) and its etiology, prevalence, risk factors, management, and preventive strategies. BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries is a disease affecting significantly both well-developed and industrial nations. The ECC can significantly affect the child's quality of life, as it may lead to infection, swelling, pain, and other symptoms. The ECC affects children after eruption of primary teeth until age of around 5 years...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809925/salivary-peptidome-profiling-analysis-for-occurrence-of-new-carious-lesions-in-patients-with-severe-early-childhood-caries
#2
Chang Tian, Xiangyu Sun, Xiaochen Liu, Xin Huang, Feng Chen, Shuguo Zheng
This study aimed to identify differences of peptide profiles in stimulated whole saliva among children with and without occurrence of new carious lesions, and to provide a simple way for early diagnosis and prevention of the relapse of severe early childhood caries (s-ECC). Overall, 26 children aged 3-4 years were selected out from all the children in the kindergarten to be involved in the present study, among them 13 were diagnosed as s-ECC and underwent dental treatment, whilst the other 13 were matched by age and sex as control...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802297/breastfeeding-and-early-childhood-caries-a-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#3
Lingling Cui, Xing Li, Yalan Tian, Juntao Bao, Ling Wang, Dongmei Xu, Bing Zhao, Wenjie Li
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The associations of breastfeeding and early childhood caries (ECC) risk have been evaluated in several epidemiological studies with conflicting results. We performed an update meta-analysis to estimate the association of feeding patterns, breastfeeding durations and ECC risk. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Studies were identified through searching Pubmed, Web of Science, and Embase from January 1990 to December 2015. RESULTS: Thirty-five studies involving 73,401 participants aged 0-71 months were included...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800116/maintaining-traditions-a-qualitative-study-of-early-childhood-caries-risk-and-protective-factors-in-an-indigenous-community
#4
Ana Levin, Karen Sokal-Gutierrez, Anita Hargrave, Elizabeth Funsch, Kristin S Hoeft
In lower middle-income economies (LMIE), the nutrition transition from traditional diets to sugary foods and beverages has contributed to widespread early childhood dental caries. This qualitative study explores perceived risk and protective factors, and overall experiences of early childhood nutrition and oral health in indigenous Ecuadorian families participating in a community-based oral health and nutrition intervention. Dental exams of 698 children age 6 months through 6 years determined each child's caries burden...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783550/characterization-of-the-clustered-regularly-interspaced-short-palindromic-repeats-sites-in-streptococcus-mutans-isolated-from-early-childhood-caries-patients
#5
Jing Chen, Tiancheng Li, Xuedong Zhou, Lei Cheng, Yuanyuan Huo, Jing Zou, Yuqing Li
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the characteristics of the clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) sites in 45 clinical Streptococcus mutans strains and their relationship to the clinical manifestations of early childhood caries (ECC). METHODS: Forty-five S. mutans strains were isolated from the plaque samples taken from sixty-three children. CRISPR sites were sequenced and BLAST was used to compare these sites to those in the CRISPRTarget database...
July 29, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770188/early-childhood-caries-prevalence-risk-factors-and-prevention
#6
REVIEW
Sukumaran Anil, Pradeep S Anand
Early childhood caries (ECC) is major oral health problem, mainly in socially disadvantaged populations. ECC affects infants and preschool children worldwide. The prevalence of ECC differs according to the group examined, and a prevalence of up to 85% has been reported for disadvantaged groups. ECC is the presence of one or more decayed, missing, or filled primary teeth in children aged 71 months (5 years) or younger. It begins with white-spot lesions in the upper primary incisors along the margin of the gingiva...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768526/early-occurrence-of-childhood-dental-caries-among-low-literate-families
#7
Fatemeh Khani-Varzegani, Leila Erfanparast, Mohammad Asghari-Jafarabadi, Marziyeh Shokravi, Fariba Azabdaftari, Marziyeh Parto, Behjat Shokrvash
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to identify the oral health status and influencing factors in preschool children in Tabriz, Iran. A total of 756 children from 20% of the total district preschools were selected using a two-step random sampling procedure. Questionnaires were used to collect demographic and socio-economic data. Oral exams were conducted by a single pediatric dentist to assess the children's oral health, and to determine the number of decayed, missing, and filled teeth (dmft) according to the World Health Organization's (WHO) definition of caries...
August 2, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762343/assessment-of-maternal-risk-factors-and-its-relationship-with-early-childhood-caries-among-preschool-children-in-mangaluru-city
#8
Sham S Bhat, Sundeep Hegde, Vidya Bhat, K M Ramya, Praveen Jodalli
AIM: The aim of this study is to assess the maternal risk factors and its relationship with early childhood caries (ECC) among preschoolchildren in Mangaluru city. METHODS: Children aged 3-5 years attending preschool (Anganwadi) and their mothers were included in the study. A total of 120 child-mother pairs participated in the study. The maternal risk factors were assessed by a pretested questionnaire. After obtaining the consent, the mother and their children were clinically examined for dental caries using the WHO criteria (1997)...
July 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759394/impact-of-prolonged-breastfeeding-on-dental-caries-a-population-based-birth-cohort-study
#9
Karen Glazer Peres, Gustavo G Nascimento, Marco Aurelio Peres, Murthy N Mittinty, Flavio Fernando Demarco, Ina Silva Santos, Alicia Matijasevich, Aluisio J D Barros
BACKGROUND: Few studies have assessed the effect of breastfeeding, bottle feeding, and sugar consumption on children's dental caries. We investigated whether the duration of breastfeeding is a risk factor for dental caries in the primary dentition, independently of sugar consumption. METHODS: An oral health study (n = 1303) nested in a birth cohort study was carried out in southern Brazil. The average number of decayed, missing, and filled primary tooth surfaces (dmfs) and severe early childhood caries (S-ECC: dmfs ≥6) were investigated at age 5 years...
July 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747744/predicting-trend-of-early-childhood-caries-in-mainland-china-a-combined-meta-analytic-and-mathematical-modelling-approach-based-on-epidemiological-surveys
#10
Xiaonan Zhang, Lei Zhang, Yonghong Zhang, Zhaoying Liao, Jinlin Song
Early childhood caries (ECC) is the most common chronic disease in young children. A reliable predictive model for ECC prevalence is needed in China as a decision supportive tool for planning health resources. In this study, we first established the autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) model and grey predictive model (GM) based on the estimated national prevalence of ECC with meta-analysis from the published articles. The pooled data from 1988 to 2010 were used to establish the model, while the data from 2011 to 2013 were used to validate the models...
July 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747248/pathways-between-childhood-adolescent-adversity-adolescent-socioeconomic-status-and-long-term-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-young-adulthood
#11
Jenalee R Doom, Susan M Mason, Shakira F Suglia, Cari Jo Clark
OBJECTIVE: The current study investigated mediators between childhood/adolescent adversities (e.g., dating violence, maltreatment, homelessness, and parental death), low socioeconomic status (SES) during adolescence, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in young adulthood. The purpose of these analyses was to understand whether SES during adolescence and childhood/adolescent adversities affect CVD risk through similar pathways, including maternal relationship quality, health behaviors, financial stress, medical/dental care, educational attainment, sleep problems, and depressive symptoms...
September 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746260/perinatal-hiv-infection-and-exposure-and-their-association-with-dental-caries-in-nigerian-children
#12
Modupe Coker, Samer El-Kamary, Cyril Enwonwu, William Blattner, Patricia Langenberg, Emmanuel Mongodin, Paul Akhigbe, Ozo Obuekwe, Austin Omoigberale, Manhattan Charurat
BACKGROUND: Although HIV infection is associated with well-known oral pathologies, there remains a dearth of comparative studies aimed at determining the association between HIV infection/exposure and early childhood caries. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study using a convenience sample of 3 groups of children receiving care at a tertiary care hospital in Nigeria. The groups include HIV infected (HI); HIV exposed but uninfected (HEU); and HIV unexposed and uninfected (HUU) children aged 6 through 72 months...
July 19, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721668/quantitative-analysis-of-s-mutans-lactobacillus-and-bifidobacterium-found-in-initial-and-mature-plaques-in-thai-children-with-early-childhood-caries
#13
K Mitrakul, S Chanvitan, A Jeamset, K Vongsawan
AIMS: To quantify Streptococcus mutans, lactobacillus and bifidobacterium in initial and mature plaque collected from children with severe early childhood caries (S-ECC) and caries-free (CF) groups and to analyse the association between these bacteria and caries-related factors in each group. STUDY DESIGN: A collection of 120 initial and overnight supra-gingival plaques were collected from Thai children aged 2-5 years-old (S-ECC = 60, CF = 60). Plaque, gingival indices and decayed, missing, filled tooth (dmft) scores were recorded...
July 18, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713800/strategies-for-meaningful-engagement-between-community-based-health-researchers-and-first-nations-participants
#14
Jaime Cidro, Marion Maar, Sabrina Peressini, Robert J Schroth, John Broughton, Lisa Jamieson, Herenia P Lawrence
The Baby Teeth Talk Study (BTT) is a partnership-based research project looking at interventions to prevent early childhood caries (ECC) in First Nations populations in Canada. Community-based researchers (CBRs) conducted preventive and behavioral interventions that targeted expectant mothers and their newborns, over a 3-year period. The work of the CBRs requires a great deal of training and skills to administer the interventions. It also requires a broad set of strategies to meaningfully engage participants to make health-promoting changes in their behavior to prevent ECC in their children...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709424/genotypic-diversity-and-phenotypic-traits-of-streptococcus-mutans-isolates-and-their-relation-to-severity-of-early-childhood-caries
#15
Remberto Marcelo Argandoña Valdez, Cristiane Duque, Karina Sampaio Caiaffa, Vanessa Rodrigues Dos Santos, Maria Luiza de Aguiar Loesch, Natalia Helena Colombo, Rodrigo Alex Arthur, Thais de Cássia Negrini, Marcelo Fabiano Gomes Boriollo, Alberto Carlos Botazzo Delbem
BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries (ECC) is an aggressive condition that can affect teeth of young children. This study aimed to evaluate genotypic diversity and phenotypic traits of S. mutans isolated from dental biofilms of children with different caries status in comparison with caries free (CF) children. METHODS: Streptococcus mutans strains were isolated from supragingival biofilm samples of CF, ECC and severe-ECC (S-ECC) children and genotyped by arbitrary-primer polymerase chain reaction - AP-PCR...
July 14, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709393/microbiome-associated-with-severe-caries-in-canadian-first-nations-children
#16
M Agnello, J Marques, L Cen, B Mittermuller, A Huang, N Chaichanasakul Tran, W Shi, X He, R J Schroth
Young Indigenous children in North America suffer from a higher degree of severe early childhood caries (S-ECC) than the general population, leading to speculation that the etiology and characteristics of the disease may be distinct in this population. To address this knowledge gap, we conducted the first microbiome analysis of an Indigenous population using modern molecular techniques. We investigated the caries-associated microbiome among Canadian First Nations children with S-ECC. Thirty First Nations children <72 mo of age with S-ECC and 20 caries-free children were recruited in Winnipeg, Canada...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705197/genetic-polymorphism-of-scra-gene-of-streptococcus-mutans-isolates-is-not-associated-with-biofilm-formation-in-severe-early-childhood-caries
#17
Yan Zhou, Lixia Yu, Ye Tao, Qinghui Zhi, Huancai Lin
BACKGROUND: To explore and analyse the association between biofilm and the genetic polymorphisms of scrA gene of EnzymeIIscr found in clinical isolates of Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) from severe early childhood caries (S-ECC) in 3 years old children. METHODS: Clinical strains of S. mutans were conserved from a previous study. Thirty strains of S. mutans from the S-ECC group and 30 strains of S. mutans from the caries free (CF) group were selected. Biomass and viability of biofilm formed by the strains were evaluated by crystal violet and alamar blue assay...
July 14, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702057/role-of-fluoride-varnish-in-preventing-early-childhood-caries-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Poulami Mishra, Nusrath Fareed, Hemant Battur, Sanjeev Khanagar, Manohar A Bhat, Jagan Palaniswamy
BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries is a public health problem that continues to affect babies and preschool children worldwide. This untreated caries process results in progressive destruction of the crowns of the teeth, often accompanied by severe pain and suffering, affecting the quality of life. Fluoride varnish which is one of the most important materials to prevent ECC is easy to apply and well tolerated by children. This study aimed to evaluate the scientific evidence regardingthe role of fluoride varnish in preventing early childhood caries...
May 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698734/methods-of-biotyping-of-streptococcus-mutans-species-with-the-routine-test-as-a-prognostic-value-in-early-childhood-caries
#19
Wirginia Krzyściak, Dorota Kościelniak, Monika Papież, Anna Jurczak, Palina Vyhouskaya
PURPOSE: In order to investigate the suitability of Streptococcus mutans species biotyping by measuring the activity of selected enzymes from a commercial test, criteria were established for biotyping clinical strains from children with dental caries. In addition, the relationships between the selected biotypes, sensitivity to commonly used antibiotics, and early childhood caries were determined. METHODS: A total of 142 S. mutans isolates from dental plaque of children with caries were divided into different biotypes...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676047/a-longitudinal-study-of-early-childhood-caries-incidence-in-wenzhou-preschool-children
#20
Xiping Wang, Zhiyuan Wei, Qiao Li, Liqin Mei
BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries (ECC) is a serious public health problem in China. Few studies, however, have described the incidence of ECC in China. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and incidence of ECC among preschool children in Wenzhou China. METHODS: Preschool children aged 3-4 years old were surveyed and followed up when they reached 5-6 years of age in the city of Wenzhou in southeast China. The rates of dental caries were determined with prevalence, and incidence density for risk of caries of a person (IDp) and of a tooth surface (IDs)...
July 4, 2017: BMC Oral Health
keyword
keyword
29492
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"