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Early childhood caries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228383/oral-fungal-bacterial-biofilm-models-in-vitro-a-review
#1
Marlene Chevalier, Stephane Ranque, Isabelle Prêcheur
Inclusion of fungi as commensals in oral biofilm is an important innovation in oral biology, and this work aimed to review the literature on the available biofilm and related disease in vitro models. Actually, thousands of bacterial and around one hundred of fungal phylotypes can colonize the oral cavity. Taxonomic profiling combined with functional expression analysis has revealed that Candida albicans, Streptococcus mutans and prominent periodontopathogens are not always present or numerically important in candidiasis, caries, or periodontitis lesions...
December 8, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211203/risk-factors-for-caries-free-time-longitudinal-study-in-early-childhood
#2
Maria Beatriz Barreto de Sousa Cabral, Eduardo Luiz Andrade Mota, Maria Cristina Teixeira Cangussu, Maria Isabel Pereira Vianna, Fabiana Raynal Floriano
OBJECTIVE: To estimate time in days from the beginning of follow-up up to the development of dental caries in children under 30 months and to assess risk factors potentially affecting the development of the disease. METHODS: The study population of the cohort study were children attending public, private, and charitable day care centers in Salvador, Northeastern Brazil, followed up for fourteen months. We used the multivariate Cox regression to estimate risk and Kaplan-Meier method to estimate the caries-free time...
December 4, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200371/comparison-of-anesthesia-for-dental-oral-surgery-by-office-based-dentist-anesthesiologists-versus-operating-room-based-physician-anesthesiologists
#3
Mark A Saxen, Richard D Urman, Juan F Yepes, Rodney A Gabriel, James E Jones
Few studies have examined the practice characteristics of dentist anesthesiologists and compared them to other anesthesia providers. Using outcomes from the National Anesthesia Clinical Outcomes Registry and the Society for Ambulatory Anesthesia Clinical Outcomes Registry for dental/oral surgery procedures, we compared 7133 predominantly office-based anesthetics by dentist anesthesiologists to 106,420 predominantly operating room anesthetics performed by physician anesthesia providers. These encounters were contrasted with 34,191 previously published encounters from the practices of oral and maxillofacial surgeons...
2017: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197365/prevalence-of-severe-early-childhood-caries-and-associated-socioeconomic-and-behavioral-factors-in-xinjiang-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Yan Li, Jibieke Wulaerhan, Yuan Liu, Ayinuer Abudureyimu, Jin Zhao
BACKGROUND: This study assessed the prevalence and severity of early childhood caries (ECC) and identified socioeconomic and behavioral correlates of the disease in preschool children living in Xinjiang. METHODS: For this cross-sectional survey, 1727 children aged 3-5 years in Xinjiang were randomly recruited using a three-stage cluster sampling procedure. The "dmft" index according to the WHO 1997 criteria was used to assess ECC and severe ECC (S-ECC). A questionnaire was completed by caregivers...
December 2, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187843/profiling-of-oral-microbiota-in-early-childhood-caries-using-single-molecule-real-time-sequencing
#5
Yuan Wang, Jie Zhang, Xi Chen, Wen Jiang, Sa Wang, Lei Xu, Yan Tu, Pei Zheng, Ying Wang, Xiaolong Lin, Hui Chen
Background: Alterations of oral microbiota are the main cause of the progression of caries. The goal of this study was to characterize the oral microbiota in childhood caries based on single-molecule real-time sequencing. Methods: A total of 21 preschoolers, aged 3-5 years old with severe early childhood caries, and 20 age-matched, caries-free children as controls were recruited. Saliva samples were collected, followed by DNA extraction, Pacbio sequencing, and phylogenetic analyses of the oral microbial communities...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185146/lack-of-association-between-enam-gene-polymorphism-and-dental-caries-in-primary-and-permanent-teeth-in-czech-children
#6
Petra Borilova Linhartova, Tereza Deissova, Kristina Musilova, Lenka Zackova, Martina Kukletova, Lubomir Kukla, Lydie Izakovicova Holla
OBJECTIVES: The enamelin gene (ENAM) polymorphism (rs12640848) was recently associated with dental caries in primary teeth in Polish children. The aims of the present study were to prove this association in primary dentition and to find a possible effect of this variant on caries development in permanent dentition in Czech children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study comprised 905 Czech children. Totally, 187 children aged 2-6 years with primary dentition [78 healthy subjects (with decayed/missing/filled teeth, dmft = 0) and 109 patients with early childhood caries (ECC; dmft ≥ 1)] were included in this case-control study...
November 28, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179322/policy-on-early-childhood-caries-ecc-unique-challenges-and-treatment-options
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179321/policy-on-early-childhood-caries-ecc-classifications-consequences-and-preventive-strategies
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173722/open-up-and-let-us-in-an-interprofessional-approach-to-oral-health
#9
REVIEW
Mona M Sedrak, Laura M Doss
Dental caries is the single most common chronic disease of childhood in the United States. Access to dental care is one of the barriers to improved oral health for children. Primary care providers who routinely treat children have an established role in prevention and early identification of health problems; thus, they are ideal front-line providers who can detect oral health discrepancies and begin the process of care and prevention.
February 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167713/the-effect-of-social-geographic-factors-on-the-untreated-tooth-decay-among-head-start-children
#10
Masahiro Heima, Margaret Ferretti, Mehveen Qureshi, Gerald Ferretti
Background: Disparities among untreated dental caries exist for children from low-income families in the United States. Understanding of the mechanism of the disparities is required to reduce it and social geographic factors are one of the important influences. Although the effect of fluoridated water has been well reported, studies of other sociogeograpic factors, such as the density of available dentists, are still very limited. The objective of this study is to explore the effect of sociogeographic factors on the number of primary teeth with untreated dental caries among children from low-income families who are enrolled in Head Start programs throughout Northeast Ohio of the United States...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166484/assessing-the-role-of-appropriate-primary-health-care-on-the-use-of-dental-services-by-brazilian-low-income-preschool-children
#11
Márcia Helena Baldani, Juliana Schaia Rocha, Cristina Berger Fadel, Antonio Carlos Nascimento, José Leopoldo Ferreira Antunes, Samuel Jorge Moysés
This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the association between the quality of primary health care (PHC) and the use of dental services by preschoolers served by the Family Health Strategy (FHS), controlling for socio-demographic determinants and perceived need. The sample encompassed 438 children aged 3-5 years, enrolled in 19 FHS facilities in Ponta Grossa, Paraná State, Brazil. Individual level variables were collected by interviewing parents or caregivers at home. They answered a questionnaire on socioeconomic conditions, oral hygiene habits and use of dental services...
November 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135948/effect-of-a-lactobacillus-salivarius-probiotic-on-a-double-species-streptococcus-mutans-and-candida-albicans-caries-biofilm
#12
Wirginia Krzyściak, Dorota Kościelniak, Monika Papież, Palina Vyhouskaya, Katarzyna Zagórska-Świeży, Iwona Kołodziej, Beata Bystrowska, Anna Jurczak
The aim of the study was to evaluate the anti-cariogenic effects of Lactobacillus salivarius by reducing pathogenic species and biofilm mass in a double-species biofilm model. Coexistence of S. mutans with C. albicans can cause dental caries progression or recurrence of the disease in the future. Fifty-nine children with diagnosed early childhood caries (ECC) were recruited onto the study. The condition of the children's dentition was defined according to the World Health Organization guidelines. The participants were divided into children with initial enamel demineralization and children showing dentin damage...
November 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125139/salivary-proteins-and-microbiota-as-biomarkers-for-early-childhood-caries-risk-assessment
#13
REVIEW
Abdullah S Hemadi, Ruijie Huang, Yuan Zhou, Jing Zou
Early childhood caries (ECC) is a term used to describe dental caries in children aged 6 years or younger. Oral streptococci, such as Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sorbrinus, are considered to be the main etiological agents of tooth decay in children. Other bacteria, such as Prevotella spp. and Lactobacillus spp., and fungus, that is, Candida albicans, are related to the development and progression of ECC. Biomolecules in saliva, mainly proteins, affect the survival of oral microorganisms by multiple innate defensive mechanisms, thus modulating the oral microflora...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119741/supervised-toothbrushing-programs-in-primary-schools-and-early-childhood-settings-a-scoping-review
#14
V Dickson-Swift, A Kenny, M Gussy, A M de Silva, J Farmer, S Bracksley-O'Grady
OBJECTIVE: In this article we report the findings of a scoping review that aimed to identify and summarise the range of programs and guidelines available for toothbrushing programs in schools and early childhood settings. Dental caries is one of the most common preventable diseases affecting children worldwide. Untreated caries can impact on child health and wellbeing, development, socialisation and school attendance. Supervised toothbrushing programs in schools and other early childhood settings can be effective in improving the oral health of young children...
November 10, 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118256/survey-of-knowledge-beliefs-and-behaviors-of-migrant-vietnamese-parents-regarding-young-children-s-oral-health
#15
Uyen N Nguyen, Dorothy J Rowe, Judith C Barker
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the oral health knowledge, beliefs, and behaviors of migrant Vietnamese parents of 1-5 year-olds in San Jose, California.Method: A verbally-administered survey was conducted with a convenience sample of 45 Vietnamese parents recruited at San Jose public libraries. Following preliminary screening, written informed consent was obtained from eligible individuals. A pre-tested, structured 94-item questionnaire was used to collect information regarding parent demographics, and the parent's knowledge, beliefs, and behaviors about children's oral health...
April 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118081/perceptions-of-dental-hygienists-and-dentists-about-preventing-early-childhood-caries-a-qualitative-study
#16
Alice M Horowitz, Dushanka V Kleinman, Wendy Child, Sarah D Radice, Catherine Maybury
Purpose: The objective of this qualitative pilot study was to gain an in-depth understanding of dental hygienists and dentists perspectives regarding children's oral health and what needs to be done to prevent early childhood caries (ECC), the most frequent chronic disease of childhood.Methods: A skilled facilitator conducted four focus groups and four phone interviews with 20 dental hygienists and 17 dentists practicing in a variety of locations within the state of Maryland. The interview guide was based on results from previous state-wide surveys of dental hygienists and dentists...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117133/development-and-relative-validity-of-a-food-frequency-questionnaire-to-assess-intakes-of-total-and-free-sugars-in-australian-toddlers
#17
Gemma Devenish, Aqif Mukhtar, Andrea Begley, Loc Do, Jane Scott
Background: Dental research into early childhood caries is hindered by a lack of suitable dietary assessment tools that have been developed and validated for the population and outcomes of interest. The aim of this study was to develop and investigate the relative validity and reproducibility of the Study of Mothers' and Infants' Life Events Food Frequency Questionnaire (SMILE-FFQ), to assess the total and free sugars intakes of Australian toddlers. Methods: The SMILE-FFQ was designed to capture the leading dietary contributors to dental caries risk in toddlers aged 18-30 months via a proxy report...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114060/ethics-rounds-death-after-pediatric-dental-anesthesia-an-avoidable-tragedy
#18
Helen Lee, Peter Milgrom, Colleen E Huebner, Philip Weinstein, Wylie Burke, Erika Blacksher, John D Lantos
Early childhood caries (ECC) is the single most common chronic childhood disease. In the treatment of ECC, children are often given moderate sedation or general anesthesia. An estimated 100 000 to 250 000 pediatric dental sedations are performed annually in the United States. The most common medications are benzodiazepines, opioids, local anesthetics, and nitrous oxide. All are associated with serious adverse events, including hypoxemia, respiratory depression, airway obstruction, and death. There is no mandated reporting of adverse events or deaths, so we don't know how often these occur...
December 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108651/targeting-couple-and-parent-child-coercion-to-improve-health-behaviors
#19
Amy M Smith Slep, Richard E Heyman, Danielle M Mitnick, Michael F Lorber, Theodore P Beauchaine
This phase of the NIH Science of Behavior Change program emphasizes an "experimental medicine approach to behavior change," that seeks to identify targets related to stress reactivity, self-regulation, and social processes for maximal effects on multiple health outcomes. Within this framework, our project focuses on interpersonal processes associated with health: coercive couple and parent-child conflict. Diabetes and poor oral health portend pain, distress, expense, loss of productivity, and even mortality...
October 19, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106352/the-oral-health-of-preschool-children-of-refugee-and-immigrant-families-in-manitoba
#20
Mohamed El Azrak, Alice Huang, Khalida Hai-Santiago, Mary F Bertone, Daniella DeMaré, Robert J Schroth
INTRODUCTION: Children of newcomers to Canada have been identified as at moderately high risk for developing early childhood caries (ECC). The purpose of this study was to investigate the oral health of preschool children of refugee and immigrant families in Winnipeg. METHODS: Children < 72 months of age and their parent or primary caregiver were recruited through several newcomer settlement agencies, dental clinics and community programs. Parents and caregivers completed a short questionnaire with the assistance of a research team member...
January 2017: Journal—Canadian Dental Association, Journal de L'Association Dentaire Canadienne
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