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Neelum D Jeste, Luisanna M Sánchez, Gabriela S Urcuyo, Melissa E Bergés, Judy P Luden, Susan E Stuber, Teresa S Latham, Rafael Mena, Rosa M Nieves, Russell E Ware
BACKGROUND: In the Dominican Republic, where the burden of sickle cell anemia (SCA) is high, many children lack access to routine screening and preventative care. Children with SCA are at risk for stroke, an event that leads to significant morbidity and mortality. In the United States, screening via transcranial Doppler (TCD) identifies children with SCA at highest stroke risk, allowing early intervention with blood transfusions. The need for indefinite transfusions for primary stroke prevention limits their practicality in limited-resource countries...
June 2, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
Mariano Bacchi, Michelle F Mottola, Maria Perales, Ignacio Refoyo, Ruben Barakat
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to examine the influence of a supervised and regular program of aquatic activities throughout gestation on maternal weight gain and birth weight. DESIGN: A randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Instituto de Obstetricia, Ginecología y Fertilidad Ghisoni (Buenos Aires, Argentina). PARTICIPANTS: One hundred eleven pregnant women were analyzed (31.6 ± 3.8 years). All women had uncomplicated and singleton pregnancies; 49 were allocated to the exercise group (EG) and 62 to the control group (CG)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Carla Ferreira Kikuchi Fernandes, José Maria Cordeiro Ruano, Lea Mina Kati, Alberto Sinhiti Noguti, Manoel João Batista Castello Girão, Marair Gracio Ferreira Sartori
Objective: To evaluate laparoscopic skills of third-year Gynecology and Obstetrics residents after training at a training and surgical experimentation center. Methods: Use of a prospective questionnaire analyzing demographic data, medical residency, skills, competences, and training in a box trainer and in pigs. Results: After the training, there was significant improvement in laparoscopic skills according to the residents (before 1.3/after 2...
October 2016: Einstein
Claudia Bonan, Luiz Antonio Teixeira, Andreza Rodrigues Nakano
The article analyses knowledge assimilation and the development of clinical and research practices relating to sex hormones among Brazilian gynaecologists. It discusses the paths taken by medical thought from the reception of the hormones to their transformation into contraceptives. Our objective is to comprehend styles of introducing and disseminating medical technologies in the area of reproductive health in Brazil. It uses methods of historical analysis and takes as its source the Anais Brasileiros de Ginecologia, a journal published between 1936 and 1970...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Vanessa Lana
Instituto de Ginecologia (Institute of Gynecology), in Rio de Janeiro, headed by Dr. Arnaldo de Moraes, was the first institution in Brazil to introduce and divulge medical techniques for the control of cervical cancer in the mid-1900s. It became a benchmark for actions geared towards the disease at the time, organizing a specific diagnostic procedure that set Brazilian medicine apart in the field, in which it remained a leader until the 1970s. The aim of this text is to discuss the organization and running of the institution from two perspectives: its role in enhancing the position of gynecology as a medical specialty, and its role in spreading a standard practice for the control of cervical cancer...
July 2016: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
Rosa B Gutarra-Vilchez, Hector Pardo-Hernandez, Ingrid Arévalo-Rodríguez, Diana Buitrago, Xavier Bonfill
OBJECTIVES: To identify and describe controlled clinical trials (CCTs) published in Spanish Gynaecology and Obstetrics journals. In addition, to assess the quality of the CCTs on Assisted Reproduction Techniques (ART) identified in this project. STUDY DESIGN: In order to identify eligible CCTs, all Spanish Gynaecology and Obstetrics journals were handsearched. Handsearching was conducted following the guidelines provided by the Cochrane Collaboration, which state that each journal article must be carefully reviewed, including original articles and other types of studies, letters to the editor, abstracts, and conference presentations...
August 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Antonella Agnello, Luciano Bevilacqua, Rosa Ariviello, Gaetano Bandieramonte, Mario Peroni, Ettore Simoncini, Piero Verdi, Claudio Zanardi
The aim of this observational study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a dietary integrator containing methionine, zinc, Echinacea angustifolia and E. purpurea, probiotics, and antioxidant factors (Immuno Gin) in the treatment of mild cervical dysplasia associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. The study sample was 95 women (age range, 31-55 years) resident in various cities in Italy. Initial Pap test results showed abnormal changes in cervical cells described as atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASC-US) and HPV infection in 23/95 women, 3 of which received the study product...
June 2016: Minerva Ginecologica
Ricardo Simões, Wanderley M Bernardo, Antônio J Salomão, Edmund C Baracat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
Lizzete Verónica Aguilera-Maldonado, Carlos Ramón Jiménez-Vieyra, Tania Kristal Solís-Moreno
BACKGROUND: There have been numerous surgical procedures and modi fied in the hope of obtaining a lasting cure for pelvic organ prolapse These surgeries were performed using the traditionally native tissues of the patient. In an effort to reduce morbidity, improve surgical outcomes and reduce the complexity of these operations, we used a growing number of synthetic mesh repairs and biomaterials used tissue from cadaver or animal. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency of complications associated with the use of polypropylene mesh in women undergoing colposacropexy...
October 2015: Ginecología y Obstetricia de México
Ricardo Simões, Wanderley M Bernardo, Antônio J Salomão, Edmund C Baracat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2015: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
Stefano Lello, Roberto Sorge, Nicola Surico
Osteoporosis (OP) and related fractures are well-known severe conditions affecting quality of life and life expectancy of postmenopausal women, with high economic costs in Europe. On behalf of The Italian Society of Gynecology and Obstetrics (Società Italiana di Ginecologia ed Ostetricia, SIGO), the Osteoporosis's Menopausal Epidemiological Risk Observation (O.M.E.R.O.) study, a national multicenter study on clinical risk factors of OP was organized, using FRAX® tool as a reference. Here, data from this study are presented, showing an important portion of Italian postmenopausal women affected by osteopenia/OP at high risk of fracture and the need to do prevention and/or treatment...
2015: Gynecological Endocrinology
Rosa Polo Rodríguez, Eloy Muñoz Galligo, José Antonio Iribarren, Pere Domingo Pedrol, María Leyes García, Vicente Maiques Montesinos, Pilar Miralles Martín, Antoni Noguera Julian, Antonio Ocampo Hernández, María Lourdes Péres Bares, Marta López Rojano, Anna Suy Franch, María Carmen Viñuela Beneitez, María Isabel González Tomé
OBJECTIVE: The main objective in the management of HIV-infected pregnant women is prevention of mother-to-child transmission; therefore, it is essential to provide universal antiretroviral treatment, regardless of CD4 count. All pregnant women must receive adequate information and undergo HIV serology testing at the first visit. METHODS: We assembled a panel of experts appointed by the Secretariat of the National AIDS Plan (SPNS) and the other participating Scientific Societies, which included internal medicine physicians with expertise in the field of HIV infection, gynecologists, pediatricians and psychologists...
May 2014: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
Manuel Urrutia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2013: Ginecología y Obstetricia de México
Carlos Fernández del Castillo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2013: Ginecología y Obstetricia de México
Federação Brasileira das Associações de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2013: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
Raúl Eduardo Piña-Aguilar, María del Carmen Chima-Galán, María de la Concepción A Yerena-de-vega, Miguel Angel Regalado-Hernández, Cecilia Sánchez-Guerrero, Liliana García-Ortiz, Yuritzi Santillán-Hernández, Jesús Daniel Moreno-García
Recently Mexican Federation of Obstetrics and Gynecology Colleges (Federación Mexicana de Colegios de Obstetricia y Ginecologia, FEMECOG) published the Mexican guideline forthe management of male infertility, which suggests performing genetic laboratory tests as part of diagnosis and management of infertile patients and states that these should receive genetic counseling. This paper reviews the genetic approach proposed by Mexican guideline. A systematic review of medical literature was performed in Pubmed and Web of Knowledge from 1980 to 2012 in order to find reports of genetic variants associated to male infertility in Mexican patients...
May 2013: Ginecología y Obstetricia de México
M Solé, J Santaló, M Boada, E Clua, I Rodríguez, F Martínez, B Coroleu, P N Barri, A Veiga
STUDY QUESTION: How does vitrification affect oocyte viability? SUMMARY ANSWER: Vitrification does not affect oocyte viability in oocyte donation cycles. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Oocyte vitrification is performed routinely and successfully in IVF and oocyte donation programs. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: This is a prospective study performed between June 2009 and February 2012 to compare ongoing pregnancy rates and other indices of viability between fresh and vitrified oocytes...
August 2013: Human Reproduction
Jose de Jesús Montoya Romero, Ernesto Castelazo Morales, Emilio Valerio Castro, Gerardo Velázquez Cornejo, David Antonio Nava Muñoz, Jaime Arturo Escárcega Preciado, Javier Montoya Cossío, Guadalupe Mireya Pichardo Villalón, Aristeo Maldonado Aragón, Héctor Rogelio Santana García, Sergio Fajardo Dueñas, César Germán Mondragón Galindo, Teresa García Lee, Angel García, Marcela Hernández de Morán, Luis Eduardo Chávez Güitrón, Carlos Jiménez Gutiérrez
BACKGROUND: According to data from the World Health Organization and UNICEF from year 2009, iron deficiency is the most widespread nutritional deficiency worldwide. This deficiency causes an imbalance between needs and iron supply, which consequently results in anemia. Around the world, two million people suffer from anemia, half of which is due to iron deficiency. The most impacted groups are children and teenagers, due to their highest requirements derived from the growing process, and women in their reproductive age, due to their loss of iron derived from menstruating or to their highest iron needs during pregnancy...
September 2012: Ginecología y Obstetricia de México
Samuel Weingerz Mehl, Javier Haghenbeck Altamirano, Héctor Godoy Morales, José Antonio Ruiz Moreno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2012: Ginecología y Obstetricia de México
Núria-Laia Rodríguez-Mias, Javier Cortés, Jordi Xercavins, Josep M Lailla
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the impact of an educational intervention in lower genital tract pathology (LGTP) on the knowledge and skills acquired by the Spanish specialist residents. This didactic change was carried out under the auspices of the Asociación Española de Patología Cervical y Colposcopia and the Sociedad Española Ginecología y Obstetricia and its Resident Section. STUDY DESIGN: This is an observational, descriptive, and cross-sectional study...
January 2013: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
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