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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046049/treatment-of-diabetic-foot-ulcers-with-therapeutic-magnetic-resonance-tmr%C3%A2-improves-the-quality-of-granulation-tissue
#1
Letizia Ferroni, Chiara Gardin, Andrea De Pieri, Maria Sambataro, Elena Seganfreddo, Chiara Goretti, Elisabetta Iacopi, Barbara Zavan, Alberto Piaggesi
Diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) often result in severely adverse outcomes, such as serious infections, hospitalization, and lower extremity amputations. In last few years, to improve the outcome of DFUs, clinicians and researchers put their attention on the application of low intensity pulsating electro-magnetic fields through Therapeutic Magnetic Resonance (TMR®). In our study, patients with DFUs have been divided into two groups: The Sham Group treated with non-functioning TMR® device, and the Active Group treated with a functioning device...
August 7, 2017: European Journal of Histochemistry: EJH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043094/mid-foot-retinaculum-an-unrecognized-entity
#2
Swathi, Geetha Gangadaran Nellithala, Sunita Arvind Athavale
Retinacula are thickenings of deep fascia in the region of joints that hold down the tendons preventing them from bowing out of position. In the region of ankle, number of such retinacula have been described. Retinacula like superior and inferior extensor retinacula have been described which hold down the tendons of leg muscles passing to the foot beneath them. As the extensor tendons of the leg have more distal attachment to the toes, the present study was conducted to ascertain the presence of any additional retinaculum in the mid-foot region, which would tie down the tendons for their effective action at the distal joints...
September 2017: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042507/selection-of-functional-2a-sequences-within-foot-and-mouth-disease-virus-requirements-for-the-npgp-motif-with-a-distinct-codon-bias
#3
Jonas Kjær, Graham J Belsham
Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) has a positive-sense ssRNA genome including a single, large, open reading frame. Splitting of the encoded polyprotein at the 2A/2B junction is mediated by the 2A peptide (18 residues long) which induces a non-proteolytic, co-translational, "cleavage" at its own C-terminus. A conserved feature among variants of 2A is the C-terminal motif N16P17G18/P19 where P19 is the first residue of 2B. It has been shown previously that certain amino acid substitutions can be tolerated at residues E14, S15 and N16 within the 2A sequence of infectious FMDVs but no variants at residues P17, G18 or P19 have been identified...
October 17, 2017: RNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041945/double-calcaneal-osteotomy-for-severe-adolescent-flexible-flatfoot-reconstruction
#4
Yang Xu, Yong-Xing Cao, Xing-Chen Li, Yuan Zhu, Xiang-Yang Xu
BACKGROUND: The timing and strategy of treatment for flatfoot still remain controversial. It is a difficult problem when facing severe adolescent flexible flatfoot because a single procedure cannot realign flatfoot deformity effectively. METHODS: We reviewed 13 adolescent flexible flatfoot patients who underwent double calcaneal osteotomy during May 2012 to June 2015. The mean age of patients was 15.2 ± 1.8 (range, 10-18) years. The American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Ankle-Hindfoot (AOFAS-AH) scores and SF-36 score were adopted to evaluate the preoperative and postoperative functions of the foot...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040330/the-association-between-toe-grip-strength-and-osteoarthritis-of-the-knee-in-japanese-women-a-multicenter-cross-sectional-study
#5
Daisuke Uritani, Takahiko Fukumoto, Tomoki Myodo, Kazuhito Fujikawa, Miyuki Usui, Daisuke Tatara
We evaluated the relationship between altered foot function and knee osteoarthritis through a specific comparison of toe grip strength in older women with and without knee osteoarthritis. Participants were 120 women with knee osteoarthritis (OA group) and 108 healthy community-dwelling women with no history of knee pain and lower limb surgery (control group). The following factors and outcome variables were included in our analysis: measured toe grip strength, isometric knee extension strength, the timed Up-and-Go, and the WOMAC scale...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038743/mature-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-human-podocytes-reconstitute-kidney-glomerular-capillary-wall-function-on-a-chip
#6
Samira Musah, Akiko Mammoto, Thomas C Ferrante, Sauveur S F Jeanty, Mariko Hirano-Kobayashi, Tadanori Mammoto, Kristen Roberts, Seyoon Chung, Richard Novak, Miles Ingram, Tohid Fatanat-Didar, Sandeep Koshy, James C Weaver, George M Church, Donald E Ingber
An in vitro model of the human kidney glomerulus - the major site of blood filtration - could facilitate drug discovery and illuminate kidney-disease mechanisms. Microfluidic organ-on-a-chip technology has been used to model the human proximal tubule, yet a kidney-glomerulus-on-a-chip has not been possible because of the lack of functional human podocytes - the cells that regulate selective permeability in the glomerulus. Here, we demonstrate an efficient (> 90%) and chemically defined method for directing the differentiation of human induced pluripotent stem (hiPS) cells into podocytes that express markers of the mature phenotype (nephrin+, WT1+, podocin+, Pax2-) and that exhibit primary and secondary foot processes...
2017: Nature biomedical engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037924/-all-inside-arthroscopic-treatment-of-tillaux-chaput-fractures-clinical-experience-and-outcomes-analysis
#7
Shi-Ming Feng, Qing-Qing Sun, Ai-Guo Wang, Cheng-Kun Li
We investigated all-inside ankle arthroscopy for Tillaux-Chaput fractures. We retrospectively evaluated 19 patients (12 males [63.2%] and 7 [36.8%] females; 11 right [57.9%] and 8 left [42.1%] ankles) treated from May 2013 to January 2016. Their mean age was 28.1 (range 10 to 55) years. Sixteen (84.2%) had single Tillaux-Chaput fractures and 3 (15.8%) had combined proximal fibular fractures; 17 (89.5%) were diagnosed radiographically and 2 (10.5%) by computed tomography. Anterolateral and anteromedial ankle arthroscopy was used for closed reduction and internal fixation with 1 or 2 Herbert screws...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037441/impact-of-ankle-foot-orthosis-stiffness-on-achilles-tendon-and-gastrocnemius-function-during-unimpaired-gait
#8
Hwan Choi, Keshia M Peters, Michael B MacConnell, Katie K Ly, Eric S Eckert, Katherine M Steele
Ankle foot orthoses (AFOs) are designed to improve gait for individuals with neuromuscular conditions and have also been used to reduce energy costs of walking for unimpaired individuals. AFOs influence joint motion and metabolic cost, but how they impact muscle function remains unclear. This study investigated the impact of different stiffness AFOs on medial gastrocnemius muscle (MG) and Achilles tendon (AT) function during two walking speeds. We performed gait analyses for eight unimpaired individuals. Each individual walked at slow and very slow speeds with a 3D printed AFO with no resistance (free hinge condition) and four levels of ankle dorsiflexion stiffness: 0...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034799/measurement-properties-of-a-test-battery-to-assess-postural-orientation-during-functional-tasks-in-patients-undergoing-acl-injury-rehabilitation
#9
Jenny Nae, Mark W Creaby, Gustav Nilsson, Kay M Crossley, Eva Ageberg
Study Design Cross-sectional study. Background Visual rating of postural orientation (PO) during functional tasks may be a valuable tool to track rehabilitation progress following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. A valid test battery assessing PO as a separate construct is lacking. Objectives To evaluate measurement properties of a test battery to assess PO in patients with ACL injury. Methods Content validity of functional tasks was assessed by expert focus group discussions. 51 patients (45% women) with ACL injury performed nine functional tasks of varying difficulty...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033898/functional-characterization-of-paralogous-gonadotropin-releasing-hormone-type-and-corazonin-type-neuropeptides-in-an-echinoderm
#10
Shi Tian, Michaela Egertová, Maurice R Elphick
Homologs of the vertebrate neuropeptide gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) have been identified in invertebrates, including the insect neuropeptide corazonin (CRZ). Recently, we reported the discovery of GnRH-type and CRZ-type signaling systems in an echinoderm, the starfish Asterias rubens, demonstrating that the evolutionary origin of paralogous GnRH-type and CRZ-type neuropeptides can be traced back to the common ancestor of protostomes and deuterostomes. Here, we have investigated the physiological roles of the GnRH-type (ArGnRH) and the CRZ-type (ArCRZ) neuropeptides in A...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032913/extracorporeal-shockwave-therapy-plus-rehabilitation-for-patients-with-chronic-plantar-fasciitis-might-reduce-pain-and-improve-function-but-still-not-lead-to-increased-activity-a-case-series-study-with-multiple-outcome-measures
#11
Patrick C Wheeler, Chloe Tattersall
Plantar fasciitis is a common cause of plantar-aspect heel pain. Although many patients will improve, a proportion will have ongoing and sometimes debilitating symptoms. Evidence from randomized controlled trials has shown that extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) results in benefits in treating pain. However, uncertainties remain whether these benefits translate to improvements in overall function. The present prospective case series examined the results from 35 patients with chronic plantar fasciitis who had undergone a course of ESWT in addition to a graded rehabilitation program...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032706/quality-and-predictors-of-diabetes-care-among-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-danish-nationwide-study
#12
Mette Jørgensen, Jan Mainz, Fabrizio Carinci, Reimar W Thomsen, Søren Paaske Johnsen
OBJECTIVE: Patients with schizophrenia have a high prevalence of diabetes, but data on diabetes care quality for these patients are limited. This nationwide study compared the quality of diabetes care among individuals with and without schizophrenia and identified predictors of care quality. METHODS: In a population-based cohort study, 83,813 individuals with diabetes seen at hospital outpatient clinics between 2005 and 2013, including 669 with comorbid schizophrenia, were identified from Danish registries...
October 16, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031139/biomechanics-of-the-infant-foot-during-the-transition-to-independent-walking-a-narrative-review
#13
REVIEW
Carina Price, Stewart C Morrison, Farina Hashmi, Jill Phethean, Christopher Nester
Recognising structural and functional development of the paediatric foot is fundamental to ensuring a strong theoretical framework for health professionals and scientists. The transition of an infant from sitting to walking takes approximately 9 months and is when the structures and function of the foot must respond to the challenges of bearing load; becoming increasingly more essential for locomotion. Literature pertaining to the phase of development was searched. A narrative approach synthesised the information from papers written in English, with non-symptomatic infant participants up to the development stage of independent walking or two years of age...
September 6, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030345/runx1-deficiency-protects-against-adverse-cardiac-remodeling-following-myocardial-infarction
#14
Charlotte S McCarroll, Weihong He, Kirsty Foote, Ashley Bradley, Karen McGlynn, Francesca Vidler, Colin Nixon, Katrin Nather, Caroline Fattah, Alexandra H Riddell, Peter Bowman, Elspeth B Elliott, Margaret Bell, Catherine Hawksby, Scott M MacKenzie, Liam J Morrison, Anne Terry, Karen Blyth, Godfrey L Smith, Martin W McBride, Thomas Kubin, Thomas Braun, Stuart A Nicklin, Ewan R Cameron, Christopher M Loughrey
Background -Myocardial infarction (MI) is a leading cause of heart failure and death worldwide. Preservation of contractile function and protection against adverse changes in ventricular architecture (cardiac remodeling) are key factors to limiting progression of this condition to heart failure. Consequently, new therapeutic targets are urgently required to achieve this aim. Expression of the Runx1 transcription factor is increased in adult cardiomyocytes following MI; however, the functional role of Runx1 in the heart is unknown...
October 13, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028076/intestinal-probiotics-in-relieving-clinical-symptoms-of-severe-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease-and-potential-mechanism-analysis
#15
F Zhu, Z Jiang, H-W Li
OBJECTIVE: In this prospective cohort study, the efficacy and action mechanism of an intestinal probiotic formulation, Golden Bifid, in severe hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) were determined in 63 consecutively admitted patients successfully treated in the Pediatrics Emergency Department of our hospital. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients had a persistent fever; 43 patients had rashes on hands, feet, crissum, and hips; and 45 patients had neurological signs and symptoms...
September 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026933/measurement-properties-of-the-most-commonly-used-foot-and-ankle-specific-questionnaires-the-ffi-faos-and-faam-a%C3%A2-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
I N Sierevelt, R Zwiers, W Schats, D Haverkamp, C B Terwee, P A Nolte, G M M J Kerkhoffs
PURPOSE: In the foot and ankle literature, a wide range of patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) is used, however, consensus as to which PROMs are preferred is lacking. Selection of a PROM is among other reasons, often based on measurement properties without considering the methodological quality of the studies that evaluate these measurement properties. The aim of current study was first to identify the most frequently used foot and ankle-specific PROMs in recent orthopaedic foot and ankle literature, and second to conduct a systematic review to synthesize and critically appraise the measurement properties of these PROMS...
October 12, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026929/the-outcome-of-proximal-fifth-metatarsal-fractures-redefining-treatment-strategies
#17
P Monteban, J van den Berg, J van Hees, S Nijs, H Hoekstra
BACKGROUND: To optimize the treatment strategy and reduce treatment costs of proximal fifth metatarsal fractures, clinical and patient-reported outcome, and its determinants were addressed. METHODS: A retrospective adult cohort study including 152 proximal fifth metatarsal fractures: 121 nonoperatively and 31 operatively treated. In the operative group, 21 were zone 1 and 10 zone 2 fractures. Median follow-up was 37.5 (IQR 20.8-52.3) months with a minimal follow-up of 6 months...
October 12, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024511/the-relationship-between-linear-osteological-and-radiographic-measurements-of-the-human-calcaneus-and-talus
#18
David Agoada
Plain radiographs of the foot are a common form of examination in individuals when medical evaluation is indicated. Their availability makes them useful for studying human variation where large sample sizes are crucial. Calcaneal and talar morphology are critical in the understanding of human foot form and function, but few studies have examined the accuracy of linear measurements of these bones taken from radiographs. If linear measurements are to be used in quantitative analysis, their accuracy must first be demonstrated...
October 10, 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023846/locomotor-and-skeletal-muscle-abnormalities-in-trembler-j-neuropathic-mice
#19
Darin J Falk, Tori Galatas, Adrian G Todd, Elliott P Soto, Andrew B Harris, Lucia Notterpek
INTRODUCTION: Patients with hereditary peripheral neuropathies exhibit characteristic deformities of the hands and feet and have difficulty ambulating. To examine to what extent neuropathic animals recapitulate these deficits, we studied Trembler J mice, which model early-onset demyelinating neuropathy. METHODS: A cohort of 4-month old female wild type and neuropathic mice were evaluated for locomotor measurements, neuromuscular function and skeletal muscle proteolysis and morphometry...
October 12, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023680/first-direct-evidence-of-involvement-of-a-homozygous-loss-of-function-variant-in-the-eps15l1-gene-underlying-split-hand-split-foot-malformation
#20
Muhammad Umair, Asmat Ullah, Safdar Abbas, Farooq Ahmad, Sulman Basit, Wasim Ahmad
Split-hand/split-foot malformation (SHFM) is a severe form of congenital limb deformity characterized by the absence of one or more digits and/or variable degree of median clefts of hands and feet. The present study describes an investigation of a consanguineous family of Pakistani origin segregating SHFM in an autosomal recessive manner. Human genome scan using SNP markers followed by whole exome sequencing revealed a frameshift deletion (c.409delA, p.Ser137Alafs*19) in the EPS15L1 gene located on chromosome 19p13...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Genetics
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