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peritonitis in capd

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623899/renin-angiotensin-system-blockers-and-residual-kidney-function-loss-in-patients-initiating-peritoneal-dialysis-an-observational-cohort-study
#1
Jenny I Shen, Anjali B Saxena, Sitaram Vangala, Satvinder K Dhaliwal, Wolfgang C Winkelmayer
BACKGROUND: Although angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) and angiotensin-II receptor blockers (ARB) have been shown to preserve residual kidney function in a select group of Asian patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (PD) in two small randomized clinical trials, the effectiveness of these drugs has yet to be demonstrated in a more diverse population of patients with multiple comorbid conditions. We investigated the association between ACEI/ARB use and development of recorded anuria in a cohort of patients initiating PD in the U...
June 17, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617545/fluid-status-of-patients-during-the-early-stages-of-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis
#2
L Wang, W Yu, T Wang
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the fluid status of patients in the early stages of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 36 patients (13 males and 23 females), hospitalized in the Nephrology CAPD Center, Peking University Third Hospital, and undergoing intubation and CAPD treatment, were recruited in this study. By utilize a bioelectrical impedance analyzer, changes in extracellular fluid and intracellular fluid within the patients' cells, and overall fluid changes were monitored throughout six months following CAPD treatment...
May 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573387/the-impact-of-change-of-renal-replacement-therapy-modality-on-sleep-quality-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
C Kennedy, S A Ryan, T Kane, R W Costello, P J Conlon
BACKGROUND: Sleep disorders are common and multi-factorial in patients with advanced chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Sleep disorders and disturbance have a negative impact on wellbeing and quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of a change in renal replacement therapy (RRT) modality on sleep quality and sleep disturbance in patients with ESRD. DATA SOURCES: Multiple electronic databases were searched without publication type/period restrictions...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531904/routine-monitoring-of-sodium-and-phosphorus-removal-in-peritoneal-dialysis-pd-patients-treated-with-continuous-ambulatory-pd-capd-automated-pd-apd-or-combined-capd-apd
#4
Veronika Moor, Robert Wagner, Michael Sayer, Marlies Petsch, Sandra Rueb, Hans-Ulrich Häring, Nils Heyne, Ferruh Artunc
BACKGROUND: Adequate removal of sodium (Na) and phosphorus (P) is of paramount importance for patients with dialysis-dependent kidney disease can easily quantified in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Some studies suggest that automated PD (APD) results in lower Na and P removal. METHODS: In this study we retrospectively analysed our data on Na and P removal in PD patients after implementation of a routine monitoring in 2011. Patients were stratified in those treated with continuous ambulatory PD (CAPD, n=24), automated PD (APD, n=23) and APD with one bag change (CAPD+APD, n=10)...
2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509142/erosion-of-a-tenckhoff-catheter-to-the-sigmoid-colon-an-uncommon-delayed-complication
#5
Jorge Quinto Ruiz, Carlos Eduardo Durón Gutiérrez, Antonio Hiram Romero Moreno, Stephanie González Rosas, Alfonsina Daniela Castañeda Gutiérrez
Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis is one of the most commonly used therapies for patients with impaired renal function. Most frequent complications directly related to the catheter usually present within the first weeks, and range from catheter dysfunction to dialysis-associated peritonitis; bowel perforation while placing the catheter is uncommon, and it is usually assessed in the same surgical event. There are, however, delayed complications, and one of the least frequently described is erosion of the catheter into the bowel...
April 26, 2017: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500518/incremental-start-to-pd-as-experienced-in-italy-results-of-censuses-carried-out-from-2005-to-2014
#6
Loris Neri, Giusto Viglino, Giancarlo Marinangeli, Anna Rachele Rocca, Alessandro Laudon, Antonino Ragusa, Gianfranca Cabiddu
BACKGROUND: It is not known how widely used in Italy an incremental start to in peritoneal dialysis (Incr-PD) is. METHODS: By analyzing the peritoneal dialysis (PD) censuses conducted by the PD Study Group (GSDP-SIN) for the years 2005, 2008, 2010, 2012 and 2014 in all the Centers performing PD in Italy, the use of Incr-PD, i.e. continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) with 1 or 2 exchanges/day or automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) with 3-4 sessions/week, was examined among incident PD patients...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455658/hemodialysis-is-associated-with-higher-serum-fgf23-level-when-compared-with-peritoneal-dialysis
#7
Shuhong Bi, Yaoxian Liang, Litao Cheng, Yue Wang, Tao Wang, Qinfeng Han, Aihua Zhang
BACKGROUND: Considering the growing relevance of fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF23) and increased cardiovascular mortality in dialysis population, an analysis was performed to assess the influence of dialysis modality (peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis) on level of FGF23. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in 80 continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) and 65 hemodialysis (HD) patients without residual renal function. Levels of calcium, phosphate, parathyroid hormone and FGF23 were measured, and their correlations were analyzed...
April 28, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451644/robot-assisted-laparoscopic-prostatectomy-in-a-prostate-cancer-patient-undergoing-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis
#8
Sohei Kuribayashi, Kentaro Takezawa, Yohei Okuda, Masataka Kawamura, Nozomu Kishimoto, Go Tanigawa, Koichi Tsutahara, Tetsuya Takao, Seiji Yamaguchi
Background: Robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) has become the gold standard treatment for organ-confined prostate cancer. However, no proper surgical approach or appropriate postsurgical management of RALP has been established for a patient undergoing peritoneal dialysis. Here, we present a case of a peritoneal dialysis patient who underwent RALP and reinstated peritoneal dialysis with no trouble associated with peritoneal dialysis. Case Presentation: The patient was a 61-year-old man with organ-confined prostate cancer...
2017: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444939/continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-ascitic-and-pleural-body-fluids-evaluation-with-the-mindray-bc-6800-hematology-analyzer
#9
Oscar Fuster, Belinda Andino, Amparo Pardo, Begoña Laiz
BACKGROUND: Accurate evaluation of hematology analyzers is recommended before these devices can be broadly introduced for the routine testing of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), ascitic, and pleural fluids. METHODS: We evaluated the performance of Mindray BC-6800 for white blood cell (WBC) and differential cell count in 50 CAPD, 60 ascitic and 40 pleural compared with manual microscopy. Within-run precision, limit of blank (LoB), limit of detection (LoD), limit of quantitation (LoQ), and carryover were assessed...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389481/relationship-between-uric-acid-and-technique-failure-in-patients-on-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-a-long-term-observational-cohort-study
#10
Yao-Peng Hsieh, Chia-Chu Chang, Chew-Teng Kor, Yu Yang, Yao-Ko Wen, Ping-Fang Chiu, Chi-Chen Lin
OBJECTIVES: Uric acid (UA) is the product of purine or nucleotide metabolism via the pathway of xanthine oxidase or xanthine dehydrogenase. Although epidemiological studies assessing the role of UA in cardiovascular disease or mortality have produced inconsistent results, the correlation between UA and technique failure in patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) remains to be assessed. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Patients starting CAPD between 2001 and 2009 in a single centre in Taiwan...
April 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367961/association-between-red-cell-distribution-width-and-mortality-in-patients-undergoing-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis
#11
Yao-Peng Hsieh, Shr-Mei Tsai, Chia-Chu Chang, Chew-Teng Kor, Chi-Chen Lin
Although red cell distribution width (RDW) has emerged as a biomarker of clinical prognostic value across a variety of clinical settings in the last two decades, limited evidence is available for its role in end-stage renal disease. We enrolled 313 incident patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) in this retrospective observational study from 2006 to 2015. In the fully adjusted model of Cox regression analysis, the adjusted hazard ratios for the high RDW group versus the low RDW group were 2...
April 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363816/paecilomyces-variotii-peritonitis-in-a-patient-on-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis
#12
E Uzunoglu, A M Sahin
Paecilomyces variotii (P. variotii) is an extremely rare cause of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) peritonitis. When diagnosed, it usually portends poor prognosis. Patient's survival depends on early laboratory diagnosis and proper treatment. We herein report a P. variotii peritonitis in a patient on CAPD which is a quite rare clinical entity. Laboratory diagnosis was confirmed via both morphological analysis and DNA sequencing. Antifungal susceptibility tests were performed and interpreted according to the Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute M38-A2 guidelines...
March 28, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360371/capd-catheter-exit-site-and-tunnel-infection-with-fungal-etiology-treatment-and-catheter-reinsertion-for-an-extremely-rare-complication
#13
Manmeet Singh Jhawar, Jasmin Das, Pratish George, Anil Luther
Fungal infection is an extremely rare etiology of exit-site and tunnel infection in patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). There are few data available regarding its management-especially choice of antifungals, duration of therapy, and removal of catheter. There are no guidelines pertaining to reinsertion of the CAPD catheter following fungal exit-site and tunnel infection. This case report highlights Candida albicans as a rare cause of exit-site and tunnel infection of the CAPD catheter...
March 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356062/successful-multigravid-pregnancy-in-a-42-year-old-patient-on-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#14
Thiam Seong Christopher Lim, Malini Shanmuganathan, Irene Wong, Bak Leong Goh
BACKGROUND: For peritoneal dialysis patients, the likelihood of conception is low and the probability of getting through the pregnancy successfully is even lower. Almost 60 years after the first reported case of a successful pregnancy in a dialysis patient, many issues concerning pregnancy in dialysis patients remain unresolved. Our patient's pregnancy is considered high risk as she has end stage renal failure and falls in the category of advance maternal age for pregnancy. We describe here the course of her uneventful pregnancy which we hope will contribute to the overall knowledge and management of pregnancy in elderly patients receiving peritoneal dialysis...
March 29, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352028/eosinophilic-peritonitis-in-a-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-patient-inflammation-and-irritation-without-infection
#15
Muhammad Asim
A 52-year-old patient developed idiopathic eosinophilic peritonitis (EP) four weeks after starting continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis that resolved spontaneously without any clinical sequelae. This case is reported to emphasize the fact that EP can mimic infectious peritonitis in its mode of clinical presentation and that distinction between these two entities is important given their prognostic and therapeutic differences.
March 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348100/effects-of-conversion-to-a-bicarbonate-lactate-buffered-neutral-ph-low-gdp-pd-regimen-in-prevalent-pd-a-2-year-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Karima Farhat, Caroline E Douma, E Ferrantelli, Pieter M Ter Wee, Robert H J Beelen, Frans J van Ittersum
♦ BACKGROUND: The use of pH-neutral peritoneal dialysis (PD) fluids low in glucose degradation products (GDP) may better preserve the peritoneal membrane and have fewer systemic effects. The effects of conversion from conventional to neutral-pH, low-GDP PD fluids in prevalent patients are unclear. Few studies on the role of neutral-pH, low-GDP PD have studied residual renal function, ultrafiltration, peritonitis incidence and technique failure, transport characteristics, and local and systemic markers of inflammation in prevalent PD patients...
May 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339647/detection-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-1-ribonucleic-acid-in-the-peritoneal-effluent-of-renal-failure-patients-on-highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy
#17
Kwazi C Z Ndlovu, Wilbert Sibanda, Alain Assounga
Background.: We evaluated the shedding of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 particles into continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) effluents of HIV-positive patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Methods.: A total of 58 HIV-positive patients with ESRD on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) who had Tenckhoff catheters inserted between September 2012 and February 2015 were prospectively reviewed and followed for 18 months. Peritoneal dialysis (PD) effluent samples from functioning CAPD catheters and plasma samples were obtained at three points during regular clinic visits on days 45 ± 37, 200 ± 19 and 377 ± 13 after catheter insertion...
April 1, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325860/economic-costs-of-automated-and-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-in-taiwan-a-combined-survey-and-retrospective-cohort-analysis
#18
Chao-Hsiun Tang, Yu-Ting Wu, Siao-Yuan Huang, Hsi-Hsien Chen, Ming-Ju Wu, Bang-Gee Hsu, Jer-Chia Tsai, Tso-Hsiao Chen, Yuh-Mou Sue
OBJECTIVES: Taiwan succeeded in raising the proportion of peritoneal dialysis (PD) usage after the National Health Insurance (NHI) payment scheme introduced financial incentives in 2005. This study aims to compare the economic costs between automated PD (APD) and continuous ambulatory PD (CAPD) modalities from a societal perspective. DESIGN AND SETTING: A retrospective cohort of patients receiving PD from the NHI Research Database was identified during 2004-2011...
March 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322642/impact-of-volume-management-on-volume-overload-and-rehospitalization-in-capd-patients
#19
Yi Xu, Shen-Min Yang, Xiao-Hua Wang, Hai-Fang Wang, Mei-E Niu, Yi-Qun Yang, Guo-Yuan Lu, Jian-Hong Pang, Fei Wang, Lin Li
Heart failure due to volume overload is a major reason for rehospitalization in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis patients. Strict volume control provides better cardiac functions and blood pressure in this population. Volume management, which is a volume control strategy, may decrease volume overload and related complications. Using a quasi-experimental design, 66 continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis patients were randomly assigned to the intervention group ( n = 34) and control group ( n = 32)...
December 1, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315872/association-of-very-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-with-all-cause-and-cardiovascular-mortality-in-peritoneal-dialysis
#20
Xishao Xie, Xiaohui Zhang, Shilong Xiang, Xingqun Yan, Haojie Huang, Yuanshi Tian, Zhangfei Shou, Jianghua Chen
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in dialysis patients. Little is known about the relationship between very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL-C) and cardiovascular mortality in these patients. METHODS: A total of 1324 incident patients who began continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) therapy at our hospital between January 1, 2005, and September 30, 2014, with baseline serum VLDL-C values were investigated...
2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
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