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peritonitis in peritoneal dialysis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667907/direct-peritoneal-resuscitation-reduces-leukocyte-infiltration-in-the-kidney-after-acute-brain-death
#1
Jessica Lee Weaver, Paul J Matheson, Amy Matheson, Victoria S Graham, Cynthia Downard, Richard Neal Garrison, Jason W Smith
Brain death is associated with significant inflammation within the kidneys, which may contribute to reduced graft survival. Direct peritoneal resuscitation (DPR) has been shown to reduce systemic inflammation after brain death. To determine its effects, brain dead rats were resuscitated with normal saline (targeted intravenous fluid, TIVF) to maintain a mean arterial pressure of 80 mmHg and DPR animals also received 30cc of intraperitoneal peritoneal dialysis solution. Rats were euthanized at zero, two, four, and six hours after brain death...
April 18, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667173/efficacy-of-corticosteroids-in-prevention-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-neonates-undergoing-cardiac-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
T Jahnukainen, J Keski-Nisula, J Tainio, H Valkonen, T Pätilä, H Jalanko, P Suominen
BACKGROUND: Heart surgery requiring cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) causes an inflammatory response which may further induce acute kidney injury (AKI). In the present randomized controlled study we evaluated whether corticosteroids can prevent CPB related AKI in neonates undergoing heart surgery. METHODS: Forty neonates were randomized to receive 2 mg/kg methylprednisolone followed by hydrocortisone infusion 0.2 mg/kg/h perioperatively with tapering doses for 5 days, or placebo administered in a similar fashion...
April 17, 2018: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666088/transection-versus-infection-acute-appendicitis-in-a-peritoneal-dialysis-patient-presenting-as-catheter-dysfunction-and-discontinuity-on-x-ray
#3
Tatiana Thom, Deanne Leonard, Peter Fitzpatrick, Nabeel Aslam
Acute appendicitis in peritoneal dialysis patients generally presents as abdominal pain and cloudy dialysate. We report a case of acute appendicitis in a peritoneal dialysis patient that presented as poor dialysate fluid drainage and an abnormal abdominal X-ray showing breakage in the continuity of the catheter. Catheter dysfunction in this case was caused by acute appendicitis leading to the formation of adhesions with peritoneal dialysis catheter trapped in it. This resulted in radiological appearance of catheter breakage, although catheter itself was intact...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664506/continuous-venovenous-hemofiltration-in-neonates-with-hyperammonemia-a-case-series
#4
Felipe Cavagnaro Santa María, Jorge Roque Espinosa, Pamela Guerra Hernández
INTRODUCTION: Neonatal hyperammonemia secondary due to inborn errors of metabolism is a rare condition with a high rate of neurological sequelae and mortality. Initial medical management is often insufficient to stop the progressive increase of ammonia, with the consequent deterioration of the patient. For this reason, depurative techniques have been implemented, including peritoneal dialysis, intermittent hemodialysis and continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). OBJECTIVE: To describe our experience with continuous extracorporeal dialysis in severely ill neonates with hyperammonemia...
February 2018: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664189/hydration-and-nutritional-status-in-patients-on-home-dialysis-a-single-centre-study
#5
Janet S C Li, John Y H Chan, Mandy M Y Tai, So M Wong, S M Pang, Fanny Y F Lam, Carmen H M Chu, Chris S Y Ching, Joseph H S Wong, W L Chak
BACKGROUND: Over-hydration (OH) and malnutrition are prevalent among patients on dialysis therapy. The prevalence of OH and malnutrition as well as the risk factors associated with OH and malnutrition in our patients on home peritoneal dialysis (PD) and home haemodialysis (HD) are examined. DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. The hydration and nutritional status of the study groups were assessed by a Body Composition Monitor. Patients who were stable on home dialysis therapy for over one year were invited to participate...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Renal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664179/developing-and-pilot-testing-a-shared-decision-making-intervention-for-dialysis-choice
#6
Jeanette Finderup, Jens K D Jensen, Kirsten Lomborg
BACKGROUND: Evidence is inconclusive on how best to guide the patient in decision-making around haemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis choice. International guidelines recommend involvement of the patient in the decision to choose the dialysis modality most suitable for the individual patient. Nevertheless, studies have shown lack of involvement of the patient in decision-making. OBJECTIVES: To develop and pilot test an intervention for shared decision-making targeting the choice of dialysis modality...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Renal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663590/use-of-deferasirox-exjade-for-iron-overload-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#7
Erwin Yii, James Cg Doery, Zane Kaplan, Peter G Kerr
BACKGROUND: A 54 year old male with β-Thalassemia major developed ESRD and was managed with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. Although not able to be transfused due to high titre red cell antibodies he did require management of iron overload. Deferasirox (Exjade) was administered orally. There was concern that excretion of iron via the peritoneal dialysate may raise the risk of iron-dependent infections (Yersinia and Rhizopus). METHODS: Whilst receiving Exjade 1000mg /day, a total collection of 12...
April 16, 2018: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661345/dass21-a-useful-tool-in-the-psychological-profile-evaluation-of-dialysis-patients
#8
Wen Jiun Liu, Ramli Musa, Thian Fook Chew, Christopher Thiam Seong Lim, Zaki Morad, Mohamad Adam Bin Bujang
BACKGROUND: The effect of dialysis treatment is complex, with both clinical and socio-psychological effects. In this study, we aimed to assess the psychological status of this growing population of end-stage renal disease. METHODS: Using the Short Form of Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS21) questionnaire, we aimed (1) to measure the psychological states of hemodialysis (HD) or peritoneal dialysis (PD) subjects from 15 sites, (2) to compare DASS21 scores between HD and PD, and (3) to identify the associated demographic and medical factors of better psychological states...
April 2018: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657222/management-of-salmonella-peritonitis-in-a-patient-on-peritoneal-dialysis-without-catheter-removal
#9
Firas Fahad Al-Zahrani, Hussain Al-Shahrani, Ashwaq Al-Mohawes, Abdullah Al-Hwiesh, Abdusalam Noor, Ibrahiem Saeed Abdulrahmn
Peritoneal dialysis (PD)-associated peritonitis is an important contributor to morbidity and mortality; Gram-positive bacteria constitute the most frequent associated pathogens (45%-60%) followed by Gram-negative bacteria (25%-40%) and fungal infection (3%-6%). Salmonella peritonitis is an extremely rare cause of peritonitis (0.15%). Peritonitis attributed to Salmonella has been reported only in four cases. Herewith, we report a 68-year-old Sudanese female who presented to our PD unit with abdominal pain and diarrhea and was diagnosed to have Salmonella peritonitis...
March 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657206/comparison-of-intradermal-route-and-dose-of-hepatitis-b-vaccine-administration-in-chronic-dialysis-patients-a-pilot-study
#10
Rajesh Jhorawat, Paras Shah, Pankaj Beniwal, Dhananjay Agarwal, Sandeep Nijhawan, Vinay Malhotra
We aimed to study the seroconversion rate in two arms of intradermal (ID) route: low dose with high-frequency and high dose with low-frequency hepatitis B (HB) vaccination in dialysis patients. A total of 56 patients, on either hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis, were included. Patients were enrolled and randomized into two groups. The first group was immunized through the ID route and received weekly 10 μg of vaccine at 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7 weeks (low-dose with high frequency). The second group was immunized through the ID route and received two doses of 40 μg at one-month interval (high dose with low frequency)...
March 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655573/-the-reality-on-peritoneal-dialysis-in-france-40years-after
#11
Jacques Rottembourg, Guy Rostoker
The share of peritoneal dialysis (PD) in the spectrum of chronic dialysis has decreased in France over the last ten years. Despite various facilities offered by the health authorities, PD remains confidential in many private units and some public hospitals. The enthusiasm present at the beginning of this technology, forty years ago, is declining, despite a real improvement in new developments, a real increase in patient survival, today at least similar to that on hemodialysis. Then, the aim of this review is first to give a summary of the principles and practice of patient and staff education and to describe the role of the medical contribution in decision-making...
April 11, 2018: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651032/author-correction-development-and-validation-of-risk-prediction-models-for-cardiovascular-mortality-in-chinese-people-initialising-peritoneal-dialysis-a-cohort-study
#12
Dahai Yu, Yamei Cai, Ying Chen, Tao Chen, Rui Qin, Zhanzheng Zhao, David Simmons
A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML and PDF versions of this paper. The error has been fixed in the paper.
April 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650971/hydrogen-sulfide-inhibits-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-peritoneal-mesothelial-cells
#13
Shengnan Cheng, Ying Lu, Yuanyuan Li, Luyan Gao, Huaying Shen, Kai Song
Peritoneal fibrosis (PS) determines the long-term outcome of peritoneal dialysis (PD). We previous confirmed that hydrogen sulfide (H2 S) inhibited PS, but its cellular mechanism was not fully elucidated. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of mesothelial cells (MCs) is an important cellular event of PS, we therefore investigated whether EMT can be affected by H2 S in MCs. Rats were treated with 4.25% -glucose PD fluids plus lipopolysaccharide for 28 days to produce PS, and NaHS (56 μg/kg.d) was given simultaneously...
April 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649586/nephrotoxicity-of-piperacillin-tazobactam-combined-with-vancomycin-should-it-be-a-concern
#14
Cafer Balcı, Ömrüm Uzun, Mustafa Arıcı, Sibel Aşçıoğlu Hayran, Deniz Yüce, Serhat Ünal
The combination of piperacillin-tazobactam (pip-tazo) and vancomycin provides a wide spectrum of activity against many pathogens acquired in the health-care setting. However, there have been reports of increased potential for nephrotoxicity with this combination. The aim of this study was to evaluate the nephrotoxic effect of pip-tazo plus vancomycin and compare it with that of pip-tazo and vancomycin alone, and meropenem plus vancomycin, another broad-spectrum combination. A total of 402 patients receiving either antimicrobial regimen for more than 48 hours were evaluated retrospectively in a two-year period...
April 9, 2018: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644071/clinical-management-of-patients-on-peritoneal-dialysis-in-italy-results-from-the-atena-study
#15
Carlo Crepaldi, Alessandro Possidoni, Flavia Caputo, Roberto Dell'Aquila, Emilio Giulio Galli, Anna Maria Costanzo, Giuliana Gualberti, Umberto di Luzio Paparatti, Roberto Russo
Background: In Italy, few studies have examined the clinical management of peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients, resulting in a lack of information and awareness. Methods: A total of 378 PD patients (64.7 ± 14.3 years, 58.9% males) were enrolled across 15 centres in a 12-month retrospective and 6-month prospective study. The primary objective was to evaluate the achievement of Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative and Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes guidelines on recommended target values for anaemia, high blood pressure and mineral metabolism...
April 2018: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644070/intravenous-drug-users-who-require-dialysis-causes-of-renal-failure-and-outcomes
#16
Jemima K Scott, Dominic M Taylor, Chris R K Dudley
Background: Intravenous drug use is associated with progressive kidney disease of several aetiologies. It is associated with behavioural and lifestyle characteristics that make the provision of renal replacement therapies (RRTs) challenging. We observed that patients who use intravenous drugs [people who inject drugs (PWID)] present late to renal services and struggle to engage with treatment. We describe the experience of a UK centre providing renal services to a mixed city and rural population...
April 2018: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629282/effects-of-12-months-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-therapy-on-cognitive-function-sleep-mood-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-a-peritoneal-dialysis-patient-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#17
Kyoung Sook Park, Jung Hyun Chang, Ea Wha Kang
This report describes the case of a hypertensive 51-year-old male with a 3-year history of peritoneal dialysis. We followed the patient through his diagnosis of severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). Therapeutic use of CPAP led to the improvement of not only sleep-related problems, but also cognitive function and quality of life. To our knowledge, this is the first paper describing the benefits of long-term CPAP treatment in an OSA patient undergoing dialysis...
March 2018: Kidney Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627842/high-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-is-a-significant-predictor-of-cardiovascular-and-all-cause-mortality-in-patients-undergoing-peritoneal-dialysis
#18
Xiangxue Lu, Shixiang Wang, Guizhi Zhang, Ruifang Xiong, Han Li
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Chronic inflammation is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular death in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Although elevated neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), a novel inflammatory marker, has been shown to predict cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in the general population, limited evidence is available for its role in ESRD. METHODS: We enrolled 86 patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD) for a 36-month follow-up to investigate the association between the NLR and arterial stiffness markers, namely, carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) and carotid augmentation index (AIx), and mortality in PD patients...
March 29, 2018: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623617/health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-treated-with-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-and-automated-peritoneal-dialysis-in-singapore
#19
F Yang, N Luo, T Lau, Z L Yu, M W Y Foo, K Griva
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) treated with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) and automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) in Singapore. METHODS: The data used in this study were from two cross-sectional surveys of ESRD patients. HRQOL was assessed using the Kidney Disease Quality of Life (KDQOL) instrument. Socio-demographic characteristics and clinical data were collected...
July 14, 2017: PharmacoEconomics Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620706/furosemide-response-predicts-acute-kidney-injury-after-cardiac-surgery-in-infants-and-neonates
#20
Santiago Borasino, Kevin M Wall, Jack H Crawford, Kristal M Hock, David C Cleveland, Fazlur Rahman, Kimberly D Martin, Jeffrey A Alten
OBJECTIVE: Cardiac surgery-induced acute kidney injury occurs frequently in neonates and infants and is associated with postoperative morbidity/mortality; early identification of cardiac surgery-induced acute kidney injury may be crucial to mitigate postoperative morbidity. We sought to determine if hourly or 6-hour cumulative urine output after furosemide in the first 24 hours after cardiopulmonary bypass could predict development of cardiac surgery-induced acute kidney injury and other deleterious outcomes...
April 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
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