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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223670/cystourethroscopy-versus-contrast-studies-in-urogenital-sinus-and-cloacal-anomalies-in-children
#1
Khaled Ashour, Sameh Shehata, Ahmed Osheba
BACKGROUND: Cloacal malformation is a spectrum of diseases affecting females, resulting in abnormal confluence of the urinary system, genital system, and/or gastrointestinal system. Proper reconstruction depends mainly on accurate preoperative illustration of the abnormal anatomy. Among the various modalities to delineate the urogenital sinus and the distances to confluence, lies the radiological contrast study, as well as the preoperative diagnostic cystourethroscopy. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of the contrast study and diagnostic cystourethroscopy in the demonstration of the exact changes in anatomy resulting from urogenital sinus / cloacal abnormalities...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223612/predictive-value-of-focused-assessment-with-sonography-for-trauma-fast-for-laparotomy-in-unstable-polytrauma-egyptians-patients
#2
Adel Hamed Elbaih, Sameh T Abu-Elela
PURPOSE: The emergency physicians face significant clinical uncertainty when multiple trauma patients arrive in the emergency department (ED). The priorities for assessment and treatment of polytrauma patients are established in the primary survey. Focused assessment with sonography for trauma (FAST) is very essential clinical skill during trauma resuscitation. Use of point of care ultrasound among the trauma team working in the primary survey in emergency care settings is lacking in Suez Canal University Hospitals even ultrasound machine not available in ED...
November 23, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223440/outcomes-of-cardiac-pacing-in-adult-patients-after-a-fontan-operation
#3
Alexander C Egbe, Geoffery D Huntley, Heidi M Connolly, Naser M Ammash, Abhishek J Deshmukh, Arooj R Khan, Sameh M Said, Emmanuel Akintoye, Carole A Warnes, Suraj Kapa
BACKGROUND: Cardiac pacing can be challenging after a Fontan operation, and limited data exist regarding pacing in adult Fontan patients. The objectives of our study were to determine risk factors for pacing and occurrence of device-related complications (DRCs) and pacemaker reinterventions. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of Fontan patients from 1994 through 2014. We defined DRCs as lead failure, lead recall, cardiac perforation, lead thrombus/vegetation, or device-related infection, and cardiovascular adverse events (CAEs) as venous thrombosis, stroke, death, or heart transplant...
December 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217909/predictive-factors-for-small-intestinal-and-colonic-anastomotic-leak-a-multivariate-analysis
#4
Ahmad Sakr, Sameh Hany Emile, Emad Abdallah, Waleed Thabet, Wael Khafagy
Anastomotic leak (AL) is a serious complication of intestinal surgery with various predisposing factors. This study aims to assess several risk factors associated with AL after small intestinal and colonic anastomoses through a multivariate analysis. Two hundred twenty-four patients (126 males) with intestinal anastomosis of a median age of 44 years were reviewed. Independent factors associated with AL were male gender (OR = 2.59, P = 0.02), chronic liver disease (CLD) (OR = 8.03, P < 0.0001), more than one associated comorbidity (OR = 5...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217234/outcomes-following-three-factor-inactive-prothrombin-complex-concentrate-versus-recombinant-activated-factor-vii-administration-during-cardiac-surgery
#5
Patrick C Harper, Mark M Smith, Nathan J Brinkman, Melissa A Passe, Darrell R Schroeder, Sameh M Said, Gregory A Nuttall, William C Oliver, David W Barbara
OBJECTIVE: To compare outcomes following inactive prothrombin complex concentrate (PCC) or recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) administration during cardiac surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective propensity-matched analysis. SETTING: Academic tertiary-care center. PARTICIPANTS: Patients undergoing cardiac surgery requiring cardiopulmonary bypass who received either rFVIIa or the inactive 3-factor PCC. INTERVENTIONS: Outcomes following intraoperative administration of rFVIIa (263) or factor IX complex (72) as rescue therapy to treat bleeding...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214348/effect-of-laser-assisted-zona-thinning-during-assisted-reproduction-on-pregnancy-outcome-in-women-with-endometriosis-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Adel Mohamed Nada, Amr El-Noury, Hesham Al-Inany, Mamdouh Bibars, Tamer Taha, Sameh Salama, Fatma Hassan, Eman Zein
OBJECTIVE: To compare the ICSI-ET outcomes in patients with endometriosis with or without laser-assisted zona pellucida thinning. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: The study was conducted in the Obstetrics & Gynecology Department, Cairo University hospital, and two private IVF centers in Cairo & Beni-Suif from July 2015 to January 2017 upon infertile and known endometriosis patients who planned to do ICSI-ET. INTERVENTIONS: Before randomization, all patients received the same ovarian stimulation preparation, oocyte retrieval procedures, and the same intracytoplasmic sperm injection procedures...
December 6, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203983/role-of-hepatic-resection-for-hcc-in-the-era-of-transplantation-an-experience-of-two-tertiary-egyptian-centers
#7
Ahhmed Senbel, Youssef Elmahdy, Sameh Roshdy, Ashraf Khater, Fayez Shehatoo, Omar Farouk, Adel Fathi, Emad Hamed, Sherif Kotb, Adel Denwer
The surgical treatments of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in a cirrhotic liver include both hepatic resection and liver transplant. While the liver transplant is considered as a golden therapy, it has some obstacles including shortage of organs especially living donors, economic circumstances, and the progression of a tumor while waiting for the transplant so the second choice which is resection should have a role. In this study, 84 patients with HCC (who were legible for transplant according to Milan and extended selection criteria) were enrolled for hepatic resection...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203217/facile-conversion-from-biologic-to-mechanical-prosthesis-a-bailout-for-a-hostile-aortic-root
#8
Phillip G Rowse, Alexander C Egbe, Sameh M Said
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201787/probiotic-therapy-in-patients-with-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis-in-zagazig-university-hospitals
#9
Sameh M Abdel Monem
Aim: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is probably the most common liver disorder in the world. A subgroup of NAFLD patients is characterized by injury to the hepatocytes and inflammation in addition to excessive fat (steatohepatitis), the latter condition is nominated nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). This work aimed to evaluate the role of probiotics on the outcome of NASH in patients admitted to the Tropical Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University (inpatients and outpatients)...
January 2017: Euroasian Journal of Hepato-Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201326/a-challenging-entity-multiple-sclerosis-or-collagen-tissue-disorders-a-case-series-of-6-patients
#10
Raida Ben Salah, Yosra Cherif, Faten Frikha, Dammak Chifaa, Mouna Snoussi, Moez Jallouli, Sameh Marzouk, Mhiri Chokri, Zouhir Bahloul
Background: Multiple sclerosis and other demyelinating processes are sometimes difficult to differentiate from the neurological involvement in autoimmune diseases. Distinguishing multiple sclerosis from other lesions due to autoimmune diseases is crucial to avoid unsuitable or delayed treatments. Methods: Charts of 6 patients diagnosed with mimicking multiple sclerosis between 1996 and 2014 were retrospectively assessed. Results: The mean age at diagnosis was 35±7 years...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200820/the-effect-of-flap-thickness-on-corneal-biomechanics-after-myopic-laser-in-situ-keratomileusis-using-the-m-2-microkeratome
#11
Iyad A Goussous, Mohamed-Sameh El-Agha, Ahmed Awadein, Mohamed H Hosny, Alaa A Ghaith, Ahmed L Khattab
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of flap thickness on corneal biomechanics after myopic laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). Methods: This is a prospective controlled non-randomized, institutional study. Patients underwent either epi-LASIK with mitomycin (advanced surface ablation [ASA]), thin-flap LASIK (90 µm head), or thick-flap LASIK (130 µm head). In ASA, the Moria Epi-K hydroseparator was used. LASIK flaps were created using the Moria M-2 mechanical microkeratome...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189543/acute-angle-closure-glaucoma-associated-with-aripiprazole-in-the-setting-of-plateau-iris-configuration
#12
Elizabeth Shen, Sarah Farukhi, Mason Schmutz, Sameh Mosaed
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To report a novel case of drug-induced angle-closure from aripiprazole (Abilify), an atypical antipsychotic, and propose a mechanism for this association. METHODS/RESULTS: We report a case of a 45 year-old Caucasian woman who presented in subacute angle closure two months after initiating aripiprazole 5 mg daily for depression. This patient reported no prior ocular history and had been on longstanding duloxetine (Cymbalta) 60 mg daily for over ten years prior to starting aripiprazole...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174783/improving-results-of-surgery-for-ebstein-anomaly-where-are-we-after-235-cone-repairs
#13
Kimberly A Holst, Joseph A Dearani, Sameh Said, Roxann B Pike, Heidi M Connolly, Bryan C Cannon, Kristen L Sessions, Megan M O'Byrne, Patrick W O'Leary
BACKGROUND: Ebstein anomaly has heterogeneous anatomy and numerous operative techniques are described. Cone repair provides a near anatomic tricuspid valve repair. The purpose of this study was to examine our experience with cone repair. METHODS: Cone repair was performed in 235 consecutive patients with Ebstein anomaly, 134 children (57%) and 101 adults (43%), from June 2007 to October 2015. Median age was 15.6 years (range, 6 months to 73 years). Cone repair was the first operation in 192 patients (82%), the second in 41 (17%), and the third in 2 (1%)...
November 23, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159435/determination-of-selected-elements-in-canned-food-sold-in-jordan-markets
#14
Adnan M Massadeh, Ayat Allah T Al-Massaedh, Sameh Kharibeh
In this study, the concentrations of seven heavy metals including As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn in imported canned food samples of different brands including tuna, beef, sardines, and mushroom were determined. Samples were collected from popular Jordanian market, Irbid city, Northern Jordan (44 samples of each type). The metal concentrations in canned food samples were found to be in the range of 1.85-4.50 μg/g for As, 0.42-0.58 μg/g for Cd, 0.47-1.67 μg/g for Cr, 0.73-0.90 μg/g for Cu, 1.08-2.77 μg/g for Ni, 2...
November 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158731/routine-drainage-of-colorectal-anastomoses-an-evidence-based-review-of-the-current-literature
#15
REVIEW
Sameh Hany Emile, Tito M Abd El-Hamed
Background: The use of prophylactic drainage after colorectal anastomoses has been long debated. This report aimed to review the current literature discussing routine drainage of colorectal anastomoses highlighting two opposite perspectives (prodrainage and antidrainage) to demonstrate the clinical utility of prophylactic drainage and its proper indications. Methods: An organized literature search was conducted querying electronic databases and Google Scholar. Articles evaluating the role of routine prophylactic drainage after colorectal anastomosis were included and divided into two categories: articles supporting the use of drains (prodrainage) and articles disputing routine drainage (antidrainage)...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157277/a-validated-antibody-panel-for-the-characterization-of-tau-post-translational-modifications
#16
Ebru Ercan, Sameh Eid, Christian Weber, Alexandra Kowalski, Maria Bichmann, Annika Behrendt, Frank Matthes, Sybille Krauss, Peter Reinhardt, Simone Fulle, Dagmar E Ehrnhoefer
BACKGROUND: Tau is a microtubule-binding protein, which is subject to various post-translational modifications (PTMs) including phosphorylation, methylation, acetylation, glycosylation, nitration, sumoylation and truncation. Aberrant PTMs such as hyperphosphorylation result in tau aggregation and the formation of neurofibrillary tangles, which are a hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In order to study the importance of PTMs on tau function, antibodies raised against specific modification sites are widely used...
November 21, 2017: Molecular Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154867/monoamine-oxidases-inhibitors-from-colvillea-racemosa-isolation-biological-evaluation-and-computational-study
#17
Enas I Mohamed, Mohamed A Zaki, Narayan D Chaurasiya, Asmaa I Owis, Sameh AbouZid, Yan-Hong Wang, Bharathi Avula, Ahmed A Seida, Babu L Tekwani, Samir A Ross
Bioassay-guided fractionation and chemical investigation of Colvillea racemosa stems led to identification of two new α, β-dihydroxydihydrochalcones, colveol A (1) and colveol B (2) along with fifteen known compounds. The structures were elucidated via interpretation of spectroscopic data. The absolute configurations of the dihydrochalcones 1 and 2 were assigned by a combination of chemical modification and electronic circular dichroism data. The isolated compounds were evaluated for their inhibition activity toward recombinant human monoamine oxidases (rhMAO-A and -B)...
November 14, 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149270/aniseed-2017-extending-the-integrated-ascidian-database-to-the-exploration-and-evolutionary-comparison-of-genome-scale-datasets
#18
Matija Brozovic, Christelle Dantec, Justine Dardaillon, Delphine Dauga, Emmanuel Faure, Mathieu Gineste, Alexandra Louis, Magali Naville, Kazuhiro R Nitta, Jacques Piette, Wendy Reeves, Céline Scornavacca, Paul Simion, Renaud Vincentelli, Maelle Bellec, Sameh Ben Aicha, Marie Fagotto, Marion Guéroult-Bellone, Maximilian Haeussler, Edwin Jacox, Elijah K Lowe, Mickael Mendez, Alexis Roberge, Alberto Stolfi, Rui Yokomori, C Titus Brown, Christian Cambillau, Lionel Christiaen, Frédéric Delsuc, Emmanuel Douzery, Rémi Dumollard, Takehiro Kusakabe, Kenta Nakai, Hiroki Nishida, Yutaka Satou, Billie Swalla, Michael Veeman, Jean-Nicolas Volff, Patrick Lemaire
ANISEED (www.aniseed.cnrs.fr) is the main model organism database for tunicates, the sister-group of vertebrates. This release gives access to annotated genomes, gene expression patterns, and anatomical descriptions for nine ascidian species. It provides increased integration with external molecular and taxonomy databases, better support for epigenomics datasets, in particular RNA-seq, ChIP-seq and SELEX-seq, and features novel interactive interfaces for existing and novel datatypes. In particular, the cross-species navigation and comparison is enhanced through a novel taxonomy section describing each represented species and through the implementation of interactive phylogenetic gene trees for 60% of tunicate genes...
November 15, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142785/role-of-cord-blood-and-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-recent-deep-burn-a-case-control-prospective-study
#19
Wael Abo-Elkheir, Fawzy Hamza, Ahmed M Elmofty, Atef Emam, Magdy Abdl-Moktader, Sameh Elsherefy, Hala Gabr
RATIONALE: Burn injuries represent one of the major worldwide public health problems causing more severe physiological stress than other traumas. Effective treatment of burn injuries is mandatory to prevent the numerous life-threatening complications and possible disabilities. Stem cells, a population of multipotent cells retaining the properties of self-renewal and differentiation, are the main player in tissue regeneration after major trauma. Thus, they are thought to play a key role in wound healing inducing efficient and physiological skin regeneration...
2017: American Journal of Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142740/combined-empirical-mode-decomposition-and-texture-features-for-skin-lesion-classification-using-quadratic-support-vector-machine
#20
Maram A Wahba, Amira S Ashour, Sameh A Napoleon, Mustafa M Abd Elnaby, Yanhui Guo
Purpose: Basal cell carcinoma is one of the most common malignant skin lesions. Automated lesion identification and classification using image processing techniques is highly required to reduce the diagnosis errors. Methods: In this study, a novel technique is applied to classify skin lesion images into two classes, namely the malignant Basal cell carcinoma and the benign nevus. A hybrid combination of bi-dimensional empirical mode decomposition and gray-level difference method features is proposed after hair removal...
December 2017: Health Information Science and Systems
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