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Apical leakage

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638561/importance-and-methodologies-of-endodontic-microleakage-studies-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Farnaz Jafari, Sanaz Jafari
INTRODUCTION: It is very important to obtain a tight seal in obturated root canal, making it necessary to conduct clinical or laboratory studies on the sealability of endodontic materials. Different methodologies have been historically used to assess microleakage of different endodontic materials. The aim of the present study was to comprehensively review different material testing methods used in microleakage studies, their interpretation and importance in endodontic literature. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in Medline, Cochrane, and Web of Science databases...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638547/push-out-bond-strength-of-different-endodontic-obturation-material-at-three-different-sites-in-vitro-study
#2
Pankaj Mishra, Anjna Sharma, Sunil Mishra, Manas Gupta
BACKGROUND: The key to success of any root canal therapy is adequate obturation of the prepared root canal space. Root canal sealers are not dimensionally stable and might dissolve partially over a period of time. The objective of this in vitro study is to evaluate the push-out bond strength to intraradicular dentin of two endodontic obturation materials. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty extracted single rooted permanent teeth were used. Canals orifice was explored, teeth were instrumented...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631551/apical-microleakage-in-root-canals-obturated-with-2-different-endodontic-sealer-systems-in-canine-teeth-of-dogs
#3
Chad W Lothamer, Ashley Anderson, Scott J Hetzel, Alex I Adrian, Christopher Snyder, Stephanie Goldschmidt, Jason W Soukup
An apical dye leakage test was utilized to compare 2 endodontic sealer systems commonly used in veterinary endodontic treatment. Rotary instrumentation followed by injection of 2 different sealers (GuttaFlow 2 and AH Plus) and a single master cone obturation technique were compared. Following obturation and restoration, specimens were immersed in India ink for 48 hours. A tooth mineral clearing technique was utilized to render the tooth samples transparent. Subsequently, the apices were evaluated for prevalence and magnitude of apical dye penetration under magnification...
June 2017: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576466/are-additive-effects-of-dietary-surfactants-on-intestinal-tight-junction-integrity-an-overlooked-human-health-risk-a-mixture-study-on-caco-2-monolayers
#4
Anders Glynn, Annachiara Malin Igra, Salomon Sand, Nils Gunnar Ilbäck, Karl Erik Hellenäs, Johan Rosén, Bitte Aspenström-Fagerlund
Surfactants may cause dysfunction of intestinal tight junctions (TJs), which is a common feature of intestinal autoimmune diseases. Effects of dietary surfactants on TJ integrity, measured as trans-epithelial resistance (TEER), were studied in Caco-2 cell monolayers. Cytotoxicity was assessed as apical LDH leakage. Monolayers were apically exposed for 60 min to the dietary surfactants solanine and chaconine (SC, potato glycoalkaloids, 0-0.25 mM), perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS, industrial contaminant, 0-0...
May 30, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490377/cochlear-implant-electrode-sealing-techniques-and-related-intracochlear-pressure-changes
#5
Ingo Todt, Julica Utca, Dania Karimi, Arne Ernst, Philipp Mittmann
BACKGROUND: The inserted cochlear implanted electrode is covered at the site of the round window or cochleostomy to prevent infections and leakage. In a surgically hearing preservational concept, low intracochlear pressure changes are of high importance. The aim of this study was to observe intracochlear pressure changes due to different sealing techniques in a cochlear model. METHODS: Cochlear implant electrode insertions were performed in an artifical cochlear model and the intracochlear pressure changes were recorded in parallel with a micro-pressure sensor positioned in the apical region of the cochlea model to follow the maximum amplitude of intracochlear pressure...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427121/-efficacy-and-safety-of-vertebrae-pedicle-subtraction-osteotomy-by-posterior-trans-apical-for-correction-of-severe-and-rigid-idiopathic-scoiiosis
#6
T Xu, Maimaiti Maierdan, H L Guo, Maimaiti Pulati, J Sheng, Q Deng, W B Sheng
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of pedicle subtraction osteotomy for correction of severe rigid idiopathic scoliosis. Methods: From January 2003 to December 2014, eighteen patients with severe rigid idiopathic scoliosis were treated by posterior wedge osteotomy in department of spinal surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University. There were 5 males and 13 females, and the average age at was (16.9±9.1)years, and the average follow-up was 47.6 months. The coronal and sagittal Cobb's angles, sagittal trunk shifts, apical vertebral translation, height change and fusion segments were measured on standing AP and lateral radiographs before, after surgery and the final follow-up...
April 18, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397460/is-there-a-genotoxic-potential-of-endodontic-root-materials
#7
Andreas Taubmann, Brita Willershausen, Christina Erbe, Bernd Kaina, Ines Willershausen
BACKGROUND: Leakage of components from endodontic materials (EM) can occur in case of apical extrusion into the periapical tissue. Therefore, an important prerequisite, besides the mechanical properties of the EM, is a high biocompatibility. In the present study, we elucidated the genotoxic potential of EMs of different base composition by utilizing the -H2AX assay. METHODS: For investigation of the genotoxic potential of EM, supernatants of commercially available EM were prepared and dilutions were applied to human gingival fibroblasts...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387992/influence-of-post-space-preparation-on-the-apical-leakage-of-calamus-single-cone-and-cold-lateral-condensation-obturation-techniques-a-computerized-fluid-filtration-study
#8
Zeynep Özkurt-Kayahan, Güher Barut, Zuhal Ulusoy, Hasan Oruçoğlu, Mehmet Baybora Kayahan, Ender Kazazoğlu, Faruk Haznedaroğlu
PURPOSE: Apical microleakage between the root canal and periapical tissues is considered a common cause of endodontic failure. The aim of this study was to evaluate the apical microleakage of various obturation techniques after immediate post space preparations with different drills. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred twenty human single-rooted teeth were selected for this study. The coronal portions were removed to achieve a uniform length of 15 mm. All root canals were instrumented with ProTaper Next rotary files using crown-down technique...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384974/a-comparative-study-of-the-quality-of-apical-seal-in-resilon-epiphany-se-following-intra-canal-irrigation-with-17-edta-10-citric-acid-and-mtad-as-final-irrigants-a-dye-leakage-study-under-vacuum
#9
Saravana Karthikeyan Balasubramanian, Vidya Saraswathi, Nidambur Vasudev Ballal, Shashi Rashmi Acharya, J Sivakumar Sampath, Sandeep Singh
INTRODUCTION: Adequate apical sealing ability of the root canal filling material is an essential requisite for a successful endodontic therapy. Various endodontic irrigants are used for the removal of smear layer before obturating with a solid core material, thereby, reducing microleakage and improving apical seal. Resilon, a synthetic material was developed as an alternative to replace the conventional gutta-percha (standard root canal filling material) and traditional sealers for the obturation of endodontically treated teeth...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349913/establishing-apical-patency-to-be-or-not-to-be
#10
Zahed Mohammadi, Hamid Jafarzadeh, Sousan Shalavi, Jun-Ichiro Kinoshita
INTRODUCTION: The apical portion of the root canal is very complex and challenging during endodontic treatment. Root canal preparation and obturation to the apical constriction may provide the best prognosis. Incomplete debridement, foramen transportation, and inadequate seal in the apical portion are considered to be responsible for treatment failure. The technique "apical patency" is considered as a way for maintaining the apical part the free of the debris by recapitulation, using a small K-file through the area of the apical foramen...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298973/effect-of-different-mixing-and-placement-methods-on-the-quality-of-mta-apical-plug-in-simulated-apexification-model
#11
Negin Ghasemi, Maryam Janani, Tahmineh Razi, Faezeh Atharmoghaddam
BACKGROUND: It is necessary apical plug material to exhibit proper adaptation with the root canal walls. Presence of voids at the interface between the root canal wall and this material result in micro leakage, which might have a relationship with post treatment disease. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of different mixing (manual and ultrasonic) and placement (manual and manual in association with indirect ultrasonic) method of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) on the void count and dimension in the apical plug in natural teeth with simulated open apices...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274050/effect-of-calcium-hydroxide-based-intracanal-medicaments-on-the-apical-sealing-ability-of-resin-based-sealer-and-guttapercha-obturated-root-canals
#12
Rithima R Sokhi, M V Sumanthini, Vanitha U Shenoy, Mohit A Bodhwani
INTRODUCTION: Calcium Hydroxide (CH) is one of the most commonly used intracanal medicaments which can be used with various vehicles. AIM: The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of three CH based intracanal medicaments on the apical sealing ability of AH Plus - guttapercha obturation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Crowns of 100 extracted single rooted human teeth were sectioned at the Cemento-Enamel Junction (CEJ) to a standardized length...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194361/post-space-preparation-timing-of-root-canals-sealed-with-ah-plus-sealer
#13
Hae-Ri Kim, Young Kyung Kim, Tae-Yub Kwon
OBJECTIVES: To determine the optimal timing for post space preparation of root canals sealed with epoxy resin-based AH Plus sealer in terms of its polymerization and influence on apical leakage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The epoxy polymerization of AH Plus (Dentsply DeTrey) as a function of time after mixing (8, 24, and 72 hours, and 1 week) was evaluated using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and microhardness measurements. The change in the glass transition temperature (Tg ) of the material with time was also investigated using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC)...
February 2017: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174365/assessment-of-coronal-leakage-of-temporary-restorations-in-root-canal-treated-teeth-an-in-vitro-study
#14
Pankaj K Srivastava, Ajay Nagpal, Gaurav Setya, Sunil Kumar, Alankrita Chaudhary, Kuldeep Dhanker
INTRODUCTION: Coronal leakage is one of the constant concerns in routine dental practice. It is one of the factors responsible for the failure of root canal therapy. Permanent restorations should be given as soon as possible after the completion of root canal therapy. If unavoidable, provisional restoration should be given in such a way that it maximally reduced the leakage of microorganisms and fluids from the external environment into the canal space. Hence, we evaluated the effect of saliva on the coronal leakage of temporary restorations...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149464/sealing-efficacy-of-system-b-versus-thermafil-and-guttacore-obturation-techniques-evidenced-by-scintigraphic-analysis
#15
Manuel Marques-Ferreira, Margarida Abrantes, Hugo-Diogo Ferreira, Francisco Caramelo, Maria-Filomena Botelho, Eunice-Virgínia Carrilho
BACKGROUND: This study compared root canal sealing ability, filled by Continuous Wave compaction and two carrier-based obturation systems, using the nuclear medicine approach. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty-five single-rooted extracted teeth were selected. The crowns were sectioned and each tooth was instrumented using rotary Protaper® Universal system. The roots were divided into 3 experimental groups and two control groups. Forty-five root canals were filled, using Continuous Wave, GuttaCore or Thermafil system and TopSeal sealer...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149459/sealing-efficacy-of-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-with-and-without-nanosilver-for-root-end-filling-an-in-vitro-bacterial-leakage-study
#16
Mahsa Eskandarinezhad, Naiemeh Shahveghar-Asl, Reza Sharghi, Sajjad Shirazi, Sahar Shakouie, Amin-Salem Milani, Esrafil Balaei
BACKGROUND: Various materials have been added to mineral trioxide aggregate to enhance its properties. This study was aimed to compare the sealing efficacy of MTA with and without nanosilver using bacterial leakage approach. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seventy canine teeth were prepared and obturated. Then, after apical resection, the root-end cavities were prepared by ultrasonic retrotips. Teeth were randomly divided into 4 groups containing two experimental groups (n=30) and two negative and positive controls (n=5)...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116427/-study-of-dental-apex-sealing-effects-after-post-space
#17
Zhen-Zhen Qu, Xiao-Guang Li, Qing Wang
PURPOSE: To evaluate the sealing ability of three different lengths of root canal fillings after post space and two different obturation techniques by using a glucose leakage test, and provide theoretical basis for clinical selection of best collocation of root canal filling methods and residual root canal filling materials. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-two extracted single-root teeth were randomly divided into 6 experimental groups(n=20 each), positive(n=6)and negative controls(n=6)...
October 2016: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052208/microleakage-evaluation-of-composite-restorations-following-papain-based-chemo-mechanical-caries-removal-in-primary-teeth
#18
Marwa Abdel Hafez, Mona Elkateb, Sonia El Shabrawy, Amel Mahmoud, Omar El Meligy
AIM: To evaluate the microleakage of composite restorations following Papain-based chemo-mechanical caries removal compared to the conventional drilling method. The characteristic of the hybrid layer was also studied using scanning electron microscopy. STUDY DESIGN: The sample included thirty freshly extracted and exfoliated primary molars with open proximal carious dentin lesions. Teeth were divided into two equal groups, according to method of caries removal. Following caries removal, cavity preparations were restored with composite resin...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032041/in-vitro-and-ex-vivo-microbial-leakage-assessment-in-endodontics-a-literature-review
#19
REVIEW
Sohrab Tour Savadkouhi, Hengameh Bakhtiar, Safoura Emami Ardestani
The aim of this study was to perform a literature review of published in-vitro and ex-vivo studies, which evaluated microbial leakage in endodontics in the past 10 years. A comprehensive electronic literature search was carried out in PubMed database for English articles published from 2005 to 2016 using the keywords "endodontics," "in vitro," "ex vivo," "microbial leakage," "microbial penetration," "saliva," "Enterococcus faecalis," "E. faecalis," "endodontic sealers," "temporary filling material," "apical plug," "mineral trioxide aggregate," and "MTA...
November 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999588/divergent-regulation-of-cbf-regulon-on-cold-tolerance-and-plant-phenotype-in-cassava-overexpressing-arabidopsis-cbf3-gene
#20
Dong An, Qiuxiang Ma, Wei Yan, Wenzhi Zhou, Guanghua Liu, Peng Zhang
Cassava is a tropical origin plant that is sensitive to chilling stress. In order to understand the CBF cold response pathway, a well-recognized regulatory mechanism in temperate plants, in cassava, overexpression of an Arabidopsis CBF3 gene is studied. This gene renders cassava increasingly tolerant to cold and drought stresses but is associated with retarded plant growth, leaf curling, reduced storage root yield, and reduced anthocyanin accumulation in a transcript abundance-dependent manner. Physiological analysis revealed that the transgenic cassava increased proline accumulation, reduced malondialdehyde production, and electrolyte leakage under cold stress...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
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