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Apical leakage

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298973/effect-of-different-mixing-and-placement-methods-on-the-quality-of-mta-apical-plug-in-simulated-apexification-model
#1
Negin Ghasemi, Maryam Janani, Tahmineh Razi, Faezeh Atharmoghaddam
BACKGROUND: It is necessary apical plug material to exhibit proper adaptation with the root canal walls. Presence of voids at the interface between the root canal wall and this material result in micro leakage, which might have a relationship with post treatment disease. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of different mixing (manual and ultrasonic) and placement (manual and manual in association with indirect ultrasonic) method of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) on the void count and dimension in the apical plug in natural teeth with simulated open apices...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274050/effect-of-calcium-hydroxide-based-intracanal-medicaments-on-the-apical-sealing-ability-of-resin-based-sealer-and-guttapercha-obturated-root-canals
#2
Rithima R Sokhi, M V Sumanthini, Vanitha U Shenoy, Mohit A Bodhwani
INTRODUCTION: Calcium Hydroxide (CH) is one of the most commonly used intracanal medicaments which can be used with various vehicles. AIM: The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of three CH based intracanal medicaments on the apical sealing ability of AH Plus - guttapercha obturation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Crowns of 100 extracted single rooted human teeth were sectioned at the Cemento-Enamel Junction (CEJ) to a standardized length...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194361/post-space-preparation-timing-of-root-canals-sealed-with-ah-plus-sealer
#3
Hae-Ri Kim, Young Kyung Kim, Tae-Yub Kwon
OBJECTIVES: To determine the optimal timing for post space preparation of root canals sealed with epoxy resin-based AH Plus sealer in terms of its polymerization and influence on apical leakage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The epoxy polymerization of AH Plus (Dentsply DeTrey) as a function of time after mixing (8, 24, and 72 hours, and 1 week) was evaluated using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and microhardness measurements. The change in the glass transition temperature (Tg ) of the material with time was also investigated using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC)...
February 2017: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174365/assessment-of-coronal-leakage-of-temporary-restorations-in-root-canal-treated-teeth-an-in-vitro-study
#4
Pankaj K Srivastava, Ajay Nagpal, Gaurav Setya, Sunil Kumar, Alankrita Chaudhary, Kuldeep Dhanker
INTRODUCTION: Coronal leakage is one of the constant concerns in routine dental practice. It is one of the factors responsible for the failure of root canal therapy. Permanent restorations should be given as soon as possible after the completion of root canal therapy. If unavoidable, provisional restoration should be given in such a way that it maximally reduced the leakage of microorganisms and fluids from the external environment into the canal space. Hence, we evaluated the effect of saliva on the coronal leakage of temporary restorations...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149464/sealing-efficacy-of-system-b-versus-thermafil-and-guttacore-obturation-techniques-evidenced-by-scintigraphic-analysis
#5
Manuel Marques-Ferreira, Margarida Abrantes, Hugo-Diogo Ferreira, Francisco Caramelo, Maria-Filomena Botelho, Eunice-Virgínia Carrilho
BACKGROUND: This study compared root canal sealing ability, filled by Continuous Wave compaction and two carrier-based obturation systems, using the nuclear medicine approach. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty-five single-rooted extracted teeth were selected. The crowns were sectioned and each tooth was instrumented using rotary Protaper® Universal system. The roots were divided into 3 experimental groups and two control groups. Forty-five root canals were filled, using Continuous Wave, GuttaCore or Thermafil system and TopSeal sealer...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149459/sealing-efficacy-of-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-with-and-without-nanosilver-for-root-end-filling-an-in-vitro-bacterial-leakage-study
#6
Mahsa Eskandarinezhad, Naiemeh Shahveghar-Asl, Reza Sharghi, Sajjad Shirazi, Sahar Shakouie, Amin-Salem Milani, Esrafil Balaei
BACKGROUND: Various materials have been added to mineral trioxide aggregate to enhance its properties. This study was aimed to compare the sealing efficacy of MTA with and without nanosilver using bacterial leakage approach. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seventy canine teeth were prepared and obturated. Then, after apical resection, the root-end cavities were prepared by ultrasonic retrotips. Teeth were randomly divided into 4 groups containing two experimental groups (n=30) and two negative and positive controls (n=5)...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116427/-study-of-dental-apex-sealing-effects-after-post-space
#7
Zhen-Zhen Qu, Xiao-Guang Li, Qing Wang
PURPOSE: To evaluate the sealing ability of three different lengths of root canal fillings after post space and two different obturation techniques by using a glucose leakage test, and provide theoretical basis for clinical selection of best collocation of root canal filling methods and residual root canal filling materials. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-two extracted single-root teeth were randomly divided into 6 experimental groups(n=20 each), positive(n=6)and negative controls(n=6)...
October 2016: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052208/microleakage-evaluation-of-composite-restorations-following-papain-based-chemo-mechanical-caries-removal-in-primary-teeth
#8
Marwa Abdel Hafez, Mona Elkateb, Sonia El Shabrawy, Amel Mahmoud, Omar El Meligy
AIM: To evaluate the microleakage of composite restorations following Papain-based chemo-mechanical caries removal compared to the conventional drilling method. The characteristic of the hybrid layer was also studied using scanning electron microscopy. STUDY DESIGN: The sample included thirty freshly extracted and exfoliated primary molars with open proximal carious dentin lesions. Teeth were divided into two equal groups, according to method of caries removal. Following caries removal, cavity preparations were restored with composite resin...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032041/in-vitro-and-ex-vivo-microbial-leakage-assessment-in-endodontics-a-literature-review
#9
REVIEW
Sohrab Tour Savadkouhi, Hengameh Bakhtiar, Safoura Emami Ardestani
The aim of this study was to perform a literature review of published in-vitro and ex-vivo studies, which evaluated microbial leakage in endodontics in the past 10 years. A comprehensive electronic literature search was carried out in PubMed database for English articles published from 2005 to 2016 using the keywords "endodontics," "in vitro," "ex vivo," "microbial leakage," "microbial penetration," "saliva," "Enterococcus faecalis," "E. faecalis," "endodontic sealers," "temporary filling material," "apical plug," "mineral trioxide aggregate," and "MTA...
November 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999588/divergent-regulation-of-cbf-regulon-on-cold-tolerance-and-plant-phenotype-in-cassava-overexpressing-arabidopsis-cbf3-gene
#10
Dong An, Qiuxiang Ma, Wei Yan, Wenzhi Zhou, Guanghua Liu, Peng Zhang
Cassava is a tropical origin plant that is sensitive to chilling stress. In order to understand the CBF cold response pathway, a well-recognized regulatory mechanism in temperate plants, in cassava, overexpression of an Arabidopsis CBF3 gene is studied. This gene renders cassava increasingly tolerant to cold and drought stresses but is associated with retarded plant growth, leaf curling, reduced storage root yield, and reduced anthocyanin accumulation in a transcript abundance-dependent manner. Physiological analysis revealed that the transgenic cassava increased proline accumulation, reduced malondialdehyde production, and electrolyte leakage under cold stress...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891134/cucumber-cucumis-sativus-l-nitric-oxide-synthase-associated-gene1-csnoa1-plays-a-role-in-chilling-stress
#11
Xingwang Liu, Bin Liu, Shudan Xue, Yanlinq Cai, Wenzhu Qi, Chen Jian, Shuo Xu, Ting Wang, Huazhong Ren
Nitric oxide (NO) is a gaseous signaling molecule in plants, transducing information as a result of exposure to low temperatures. However, the underlying molecular mechanism linking NO with chilling stress is not well understood. Here, we functionally characterized the cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) nitric oxide synthase-associated gene, NITRIC OXIDE ASSOCIATED 1 (CsNOA1). Expression analysis of CsNOA1, using quantitative real-time PCR, in situ hybridization, and a promoter::β-glucuronidase (GUS) reporter assay, revealed that it is expressed mainly in the root and shoot apical meristem (SAM), and that expression is up-regulated by low temperatures...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881899/the-comparatively-proteomic-analysis-in-response-to-cold-stress-in-cassava-plantlets
#12
Feifei An, Genghu Li, Qing X Li, Kaimian Li, Luiz J C B Carvalho, Wenjun Ou, Songbi Chen
Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) is a tropical root crop and sensitive to low temperature. However, it is poorly to know how cassava can modify its metabolism and growth to adapt to cold stress. An investigation aimed at a better understanding of cold-tolerant mechanism of cassava plantlets was carried out with the approaches of physiology and proteomics in the present study. The principal component analysis of seven physiological characteristics showed that electrolyte leakage (EL), chlorophyll content, and malondialdehyde (MDA) may be the most important physiological indexes for determining cold-resistant abilities of cassava...
2016: Plant Molecular Biology Reporter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856205/differential-expression-of-renal-outer-medullary-k-channel-and-voltage-gated-k-channel-7-1-in-bladder-urothelium-of-patients-with-interstitial-cystitis-painful-bladder-syndrome
#13
Jane-Dar Lee, Ming-Huei Lee, Wen-Kai Yang, Kuan-Lin Wang, Tsung-Han Lee
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the changes including expression and localization of 2 potassium channels, renal outer medullary K(+) channel (ROMK) and voltage-gated K(+) channel 7.1 (KCNQ1), after increased urinary potassium leakage in patients with interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome (IC/PBS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group included 24 patients with IC/PBS and a control group consisting of 12 volunteers without any IC/PBS symptoms. Bladder biopsies were taken from both groups...
November 14, 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821822/-tension-pneumothorax-developing-hemothorax-after-chest-tube-drainage
#14
Takehiro Sakai, Masahiro Sawada, Yutaka Sato, Futoshi Kimura, Nobuo Yagihashi, Tadashi Iwabuchi, Daisuke Kimura, Takao Tsushima, Ryo Hatanaka
A 61-year-old man visited a physician complaining of progressive chest pain and dyspnea. The chest radiography showed complete collapse of the right lung suggesting tension pneumothorax. The patient was transferred to our hospital. A small amount of the right pleural effusion was also seen in addition to pulmonary collapse on the chest radiography. Chest drainage was performed, and continuous air leakage was seen. At 2 hours later, air leakage was disappeared but the bloody effusion was noted. The chest radiography revealed massive effusion and the enhanced computed tomography showed active bleeding...
November 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790267/apical-sealing-ability-of-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-intermediate-restorative-material-and-calcium-enriched-mixture-cement-a-bacterial-leakage-study
#15
Shahriar Shahriari, Farhad Faramarzi, Mohammad-Yousef Alikhani, Maryam Farhadian, Seyedeh Sareh Hendi
INTRODUCTION: This in vitro study compared the apical sealing ability of three common root end filling materials namely mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), intermediate restorative material (IRM) and calcium-enriched mixture (CEM) cement using a bacterial leakage model. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The study was conducted on 83 single-rooted human teeth. Tooth crowns were cut and root canals were prepared using the step-back technique. Apical 3 mm of the roots were cut and a three-mm-deep cavity was prepared using an ultrasonic instrument...
2016: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729057/takotsubo-like-syndrome-triggered-by-fludrocortisone-overdose-for-addison-s-disease-a-case-report
#16
Radu Campean, Matthias Hasun, Claudia Stöllberger, Johannes Bucher, Josef Finsterer, Christoph Schnack, Franz Weidinger
BACKGROUND: Reversible left ventricular dysfunction, also termed Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, is rarely reported in Addison's disease after initiation of hormone replacement therapy. The pathogenesis of this cardiomyopathy is unknown. CASE PRESENTATION: A 41-year-old white woman with a history of autoimmune Hashimoto thyroiditis diagnosed 3 years earlier and acute adrenal insufficiency diagnosed 3 weeks earlier presented with new onset of heart failure New York Heart Association class IV, which had started shortly after initiation of hormone replacement therapy with hydrocortisone 20 mg/day and fludrocortisone 0...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676407/percutaneous-transcatheter-interventions-for-aortic-insufficiency-in-continuous-flow-left-ventricular-assist-device-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Kevin Phan, Joshua M Haswell, Joshua Xu, Yusuf Assem, Stephanie L Mick, Samir R Kapadia, Anson Cheung, Frederick S Ling, Tristan D Yan, Vakhtang Tchantchaleishvili
De novo progressive aortic insufficiency (AI) is a side effect frequently related to prolonged support with continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices (CF-LVAD). Its progression can result in recurrent clinical heart failure symptoms and significantly increased mortality. Recently, percutaneous intervention methods, such as transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) and percutaneous occluder devices, have emerged. However, given the very scarce global experience with these approaches, evidence in the literature is lacking...
March 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583228/a-comparison-of-apical-sealing-ability-between-guttaflow-and-ah-plus-an-in-vitro-study
#18
Prajakta Patil, Vishnu P S Rathore, Chetan Hotkar, Snehal S Savgave, K Raghavendra, Priya Ingale
AIMS: The present study aimed to compare apical sealing ability between GuttaFlow and AH Plus. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Eighty extracted human maxillary anterior teeth with fully formed apex and straight root were collected for this study. The root canals were cleaned and shaped using a standard step back preparation to size 60# master apical file at the established working length and divided into four groups: Group 1, GuttaFlow sealer with gutta-percha; Group 2, AH Plus sealer with gutta-percha; Group 3, positive control group (Teeth were instrumented and left without obturation); Group 4, negative control group (Teeth were totally coated with nail varnish) Dye leakage was carried out...
July 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583220/an-in-vitro-comparative-study-for-assessment-of-apical-sealing-ability-of-epiphany-ah-plus-sealer-with-resilon-gutta-percha-root-canal-filling-materials
#19
Meraj Sultana, Mohammad A Musani, Iffat M Ahmed
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Endodontic treatment is directed to eliminate microbial challenges from the root canal system and to create a complete seal. The aim of this study was to assess the apical sealing ability of resin-based Epiphany-Resilon root canal filling system and to compare it with the sealing abilities of different combinations of AH Plus, gutta-percha, Epiphany, and Resilon. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred extracted human maxillary incisor roots were treated endodontically...
July 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27507995/comparison-of-apical-sealing-ability-of-two-phases-of-gutta-percha-a-bacterial-leakage-model
#20
Raheleh Emami, Sedigheh Khedmat, Salma Pirmoazen, Kiamars Honardar
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare apical sealing ability of alpha and beta phases of gutta-percha by means of bacterial leakage model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty single-rooted human premolars were selected. The root canals were prepared with Mtwo rotary instruments up to apical #35.04. Forty teeth were randomly divided into two groups (n= 20). The root canals were obturated by alpha phase (G1) and beta phase (G2) of gutta-percha and AH26 sealer, respectively, with warm vertical compaction technique...
November 2015: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
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