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McKenzie Method

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643102/research-priority-setting-in-childhood-chronic-disease-a-systematic-review
#1
Harrison Lindsay Odgers, Allison Tong, Pamela Lopez-Vargas, Andrew Davidson, Adam Jaffe, Anne McKenzie, Ross Pinkerton, Melissa Wake, Peter Richmond, Sally Crowe, Patrina Ha Yuen Caldwell, Sophie Hill, Jennifer Couper, Suzy Haddad, Behrouz Kassai, Jonathan C Craig
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate research priority setting approaches in childhood chronic diseases and to describe the priorities of stakeholders including patients, caregivers/families and health professionals. DESIGN: We conducted a systematic review of MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO and CINAHL from inception to 16 October 2016. Studies that elicited stakeholder priorities for paediatric chronic disease research were eligible for inclusion. Data on the prioritisation process were extracted using an appraisal checklist...
April 11, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602304/effectiveness-of-the-mckenzie-method-mechanical-diagnosis-and-therapy-for-treating-low-back-pain-literature-review-with-meta-analysis
#2
Olivier T Lam, David M Strenger, Matthew Chan-Fee, Paul Thuong Pham, Richard A Preuss, Shawn M Robbins
Study Design Literature review with meta-analysis. Background Mechanical Diagnosis and Therapy (MDT), a classification-based system, aims to classify patients into homogenous subgroups to direct treatment. Objectives To examine MDT's effectiveness for improving pain and disability in patients with either acute (<12 weeks duration) or chronic (>12 weeks duration) low back pain (LBP). Methods Randomized controlled trials examining MDT in patients with LBP were identified from 6 databases. Independent investigators assessed the studies for exclusion, extracted data, and assessed risk of bias...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594677/monitoring-of-gentamicin-serum-concentrations-in-obstetrics-and-gynaecology-patients-in-namibia
#3
Bonifasius S Singu, Mwangana Mubita, Moses M Thikukutu, Josef K Mufenda, Shonag B McKenzie, Roger K Verbeeck
Background Therapeutic drug monitoring is frequently used to optimize the gentamicin dose. Objective The study investigated whether a 240 mg once daily standard dose achieves the recommended target serum gentamicin concentrations. Setting The prospective, observational study took place in the 2 major public hospitals in Namibia. Method Twenty-nine female patients receiving a standard dose (240 mg gentamicin once daily) participated in the study. Two blood samples were withdrawn to estimate gentamicin pharmacokinetic parameters...
March 28, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536595/directional-preference-and-functional-outcomes-among-subjects-classified-at-high-psychosocial-risk-using-start
#4
Mark W Werneke, Susan Edmond, Michelle Young, David Grigsby, Brian McClenahan, Troy McGill
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Physiotherapy has an important role in managing patients with non-specific low back pain who experience elevated psychosocial distress or risk for chronic disability. In terms of evidence-based physiotherapy practice, cognitive-behavioural approaches for patients at high psychosocial risk are the recommended management to improve patient treatment outcomes. Evidence also suggests that directional preference (DP) is an important treatment effect modifier for prescribing specific exercises for patients to improve outcomes...
March 14, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502151/implementation-of-a-practice-development-model-to-reduce-the-wait-for-autism-spectrum-diagnosis-in-adults
#5
Marion Rutherford, Kirsty Forsyth, Karen McKenzie, Iain McClure, Aja Murray, Deborah McCartney, Linda Irvine, Anne O'Hare
This study examined waiting times for diagnostic assessment of Autism Spectrum Disorder in 11 adult services, prior to and following the implementation of a 12 month change program. Methods to support change are reported and a multi-level modelling approach determined the effect of the change program on overall wait times. Results were statistically significant (b = - 0.25, t(136) = - 2.88, p = 0.005). The average time individuals waited for diagnosis across all services reduced from 149.4 days prior to the change program and 119...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465999/an-efficient-method-for-calculating-effective-core-potential-integrals
#6
Simon C McKenzie, Evgeny Epifanovsky, Giuseppe M J Barca, Andrew T B Gilbert, Peter M W Gill
Effective core potential (ECP) integrals are amongst the most difficult one-electron integrals to calculate due to the projection operators. The radial part of these operators may include r0 , r-1 and r-2 terms. For the r0 terms, we exploit a simple analytic expression for the fundamental projected integral to derive new recurrence relations and upper bounds for ECP integrals. For the r-1 and r-2 terms, we present a reconstruction method that replaces these terms by a sum of r0 terms and show that the resulting errors are chemically insignificant for a range of molecular properties...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456161/the-effect-of-lrrk2-mutations-on-the-cholinergic-system-in-manifest-and-premanifest-stages-of-parkinson-s-disease-a-cross-sectional-pet-study
#7
Shu-Ying Liu, Daryl J Wile, Jessie Fanglu Fu, Jason Valerio, Elham Shahinfard, Siobhan McCormick, Rostom Mabrouk, Nasim Vafai, Jess McKenzie, Nicole Neilson, Alexandra Perez-Soriano, Julieta E Arena, Mariya Cherkasova, Piu Chan, Jing Zhang, Cyrus P Zabetian, Jan O Aasly, Zbigniew K Wszolek, Martin J McKeown, Michael J Adam, Thomas J Ruth, Michael Schulzer, Vesna Sossi, A Jon Stoessl
BACKGROUND: Markers of neuroinflammation are increased in some patients with LRRK2 Parkinson's disease compared with individuals with idiopathic Parkinson's disease, suggesting possible differences in disease pathogenesis. Previous PET studies have suggested amplified dopamine turnover and preserved serotonergic innervation in LRRK2 mutation carriers. We postulated that patients with LRRK2 mutations might show abnormalities of central cholinergic activity, even before the diagnosis of Parkinson's disease...
April 2018: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442277/exploring-lactation-consultant-views-on-infant-safe-sleep
#8
Nichole L Hodges, Lara B McKenzie, Sarah E Anderson, Mira L Katz
Objectives The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the infant safe sleep beliefs and occupational practices of lactation consultants and to determine if lactation consultants give advice to clients that is consistent with the American Academy of Pediatrics' recommendations on this topic. Methods Focus groups were conducted with certified lactation consultants in two cities in Ohio. Participants discussed the role of lactation consultants, the infant sleep advice they provide to women, their views on the American Academy of Pediatrics' infant safe sleep recommendations and related policies, and perceived benefits and barriers associated with providing infant safe sleep education as part of their work...
February 13, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392175/correlated-heterospectral-lipidomics-for-biomolecular-profiling-of-remyelination-in-multiple-sclerosis
#9
Mads S Bergholt, Andrea Serio, James S McKenzie, Amanda Boyd, Renata F Soares, Jocelyn Tillner, Ciro Chiappini, Vincen Wu, Andreas Dannhorn, Zoltan Takats, Anna Williams, Molly M Stevens
Analyzing lipid composition and distribution within the brain is important to study white matter pathologies that present focal demyelination lesions, such as multiple sclerosis. Some lesions can endogenously re-form myelin sheaths. Therapies aim to enhance this repair process in order to reduce neurodegeneration and disability progression in patients. In this context, a lipidomic analysis providing both precise molecular classification and well-defined localization is crucial to detect changes in myelin lipid content...
January 24, 2018: ACS Central Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381649/video-recorded-validation-of-wearable-step-counters-under-free-living-conditions
#10
Lindsay P Toth, Susan Park, Cary M Springer, McKenzie D Feyerabend, Jeremy A Steeves, David R Bassett
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the accuracy of 14 step counting methods under free-living conditions. MethodsTwelve adults (mean±SD, age: 35±13 yr) wore a chest harness that held a GoPro camera pointed down at the feet during all waking hours for one day. The GoPro continuously recorded video of all steps taken throughout the day. Simultaneously, participants wore two StepWatch [SW] devices on each ankle (all programmed with different settings), one activPAL [AP] on each thigh, four devices at the waist (Fitbit Zip [FZ], Yamax Digi-Walker SW-200 [DW], New Lifestyles NL-2000 [NL], and ActiGraph GT9X [AG]), and two devices on the dominant and non-dominant wrists (Fitbit Charge [FC] and AG)...
January 30, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319918/comparison-of-modified-two-point-dixon-and-chemical-shift-encoded-mri-water-fat-separation-methods-for-fetal-fat-quantification
#11
Stephanie A Giza, Michael R Miller, Prasiddha Parthasarathy, Barbra de Vrijer, Charles A McKenzie
BACKGROUND: Fetal fat is indicative of the energy balance within the fetus, which may be disrupted in pregnancy complications such as fetal growth restriction, macrosomia, and gestational diabetes. Water-fat separated MRI is a technique sensitive to tissue lipid content, measured as fat fraction (FF), and can be used to accurately measure fat volumes. Modified two-point Dixon and chemical shift encoded MRI (CSE-MRI) are water-fat separated MRI techniques that could be applied to imaging of fetal fat...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203419/flaws-in-the-application-and-interpretation-of-statistical-analyses-in-systematic-reviews-of-therapeutic-interventions-were-common-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#12
Matthew J Page, Douglas G Altman, Joanne E McKenzie, Larissa Shamseer, Nadera Ahmadzai, Dianna Wolfe, Fatemeh Yazdi, Ferrán Catalá-López, Andrea C Tricco, David Moher
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to investigate the application and interpretation of statistical analyses in a cross-section of systematic reviews (SRs) of therapeutic interventions, without restriction by journal, clinical condition, or specialty. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: We evaluated a random sample of SRs assembled previously, which were indexed in MEDLINE® during February 2014, focused on a treatment or prevention question, and reported at least one meta-analysis...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199820/multimodal-probes-superresolution-and-transmission-electron-microscopy-imaging-of-mitochondria-and-oxygen-mapping-of-cells-using-small-molecule-ir-iii-luminescent-complexes
#13
Jonathan R Shewring, Ahmet J Cankut, Luke K McKenzie, Bethany J Crowston, Stanley W Botchway, Julia A Weinstein, Elizabeth Edwards, Michael D Ward
We describe an Ir(III)-based small-molecule, multimodal probe for use in both light and electron microscopy. The direct correlation of data between light- and electron-microscopy-based imaging to investigate cellular processes at the ultrastructure level is a current challenge, requiring both dyes that must be brightly emissive for luminescence imaging and scatter electrons to give contrast for electron microscopy, at a single working concentration suitable for both methods. Here we describe the use of Ir(III) complexes as probes that provide excellent image contrast and quality for both luminescence and electron microscopy imaging, at the same working concentration...
December 18, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184298/changes-in-rounded-shoulder-posture-and-forward-head-posture-according-to-exercise-methods
#14
Do Youn Lee, Chan Woo Nam, Youn Bum Sung, Kyoung Kim, Hae Yong Lee
[Purpose] This study aimed to determine the effect of forward head posture-improving exercises on rounded shoulder posture when employing the self-stretch exercise, the McKenzie exercise, and the Kendall exercise as intervention methods based on previous studies that reported negative effects of unbalanced posture and musculoskeletal problems on forward head posture and rounded shoulder posture. [Subjects and Methods] The selected 28 subjects were randomly assigned into the McKenzie exercise group (n=9), the self-stretch exercise group (n=10), and the Kendall exercise group (n=9)...
October 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178008/trace-metal-contamination-in-the-glacierized-rio-santa-watershed-peru
#15
Alexandre Guittard, Michel Baraer, Jeffrey M McKenzie, Bryan G Mark, Oliver Wigmore, Alfonso Fernandez, Alejo C Rapre, Elizabeth Walsh, Jeffrey Bury, Mark Carey, Adam French, Kenneth R Young
The objective of this research is to characterize the variability of trace metals in the Rio Santa watershed based on synoptic sampling applied at a large scale. To that end, we propose a combination of methods based on the collection of water, suspended sediments, and riverbed sediments at different points of the watershed within a very limited period. Forty points within the Rio Santa watershed were sampled between June 21 and July 8, 2013. Forty water samples, 36 suspended sediments, and 34 riverbed sediments were analyzed for seven trace metals...
November 25, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162130/toward-a-comprehensive-evidence-map-of-overview-of-systematic-review-methods-paper-1-purpose-eligibility-search-and-data-extraction
#16
Carole Lunny, Sue E Brennan, Steve McDonald, Joanne E McKenzie
BACKGROUND: Overviews of systematic reviews attempt to systematically retrieve and summarise the results of multiple systematic reviews. Methods for conducting, interpreting and reporting overviews are in their infancy. To date, there has been no evidence map of the methods used in overviews, thus making it difficult to determine the gaps and priorities for methods research. Our objectives were to develop and populate a comprehensive framework of methods for conducting, interpreting and reporting overviews (stage I) and to create an evidence map by mapping studies that have evaluated overview methods to the framework (stage II)...
November 21, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154522/distribution-and-evaluation-of-a-carbon-monoxide-detector-intervention-in-two-settings-emergency-department-and-urban-community
#17
Lara B McKenzie, Kristin J Roberts, Wendy C Shields, Eileen McDonald, Elise Omaki, Mahmoud Abdel-Rasoul, Andrea C Gielen
The objective of this study was to describe changes in carbon monoxide (CO) safety knowledge and observed CO detector use following distribution of a CO detector use intervention in two environments, a pediatric emergency department (Ohio) and an urban community (Maryland). A total of 301 participants completed the 6-month follow up (Ohio: n = 125; Maryland: n = 176). The majority of participants was female, 25–34 years of age, and employed (full or part time). We found that CO safety knowledge did not differ between settings at enrollment, but significantly improved at the follow-up visits...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137812/crowdsourcing-conservation-the-role-of-citizen-science-in-securing-a-future-for-seagrass
#18
Benjamin L Jones, Richard K F Unsworth, Len J McKenzie, Rudi L Yoshida, Leanne C Cullen-Unsworth
Seagrass meadows are complex social-ecological systems. Understanding seagrass meadows demands a fresh approach integrating "the human dimension". Citizen science is widely acknowledged for providing significant contributions to science, education, society and policy. Although the take up of citizen science in the marine environment has been slow, the need for such methods to fill vast information gaps is arguably great. Seagrass meadows are easy to access and provide an example of where citizen science is expanding...
November 11, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063861/analysis-of-time-correlated-single-photon-counting-data-a-comparative-evaluation-of-deterministic-and-probabilistic-approaches
#19
Darren A Smith, Grant McKenzie, Anita C Jones, Trevor A Smith
We review various methods for analysing time-resolved fluorescence data acquired using the time-correlated single photon counting method in an attempt to evaluate their benefits and limitations. We have applied these methods to both experimental and simulated data. The relative merits of using deterministic approaches, such as the commonly used iterative reconvolution method, and probabilistic approaches, such as the smoothed exponential series method, the maximum entropy method and recently proposed basis pursuit denoising (compressed sensing) method, are outlined...
October 24, 2017: Methods and Applications in Fluorescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016701/modifying-alcohol-consumption-to-reduce-obesity-a-randomized-controlled-feasibility-study-of-a-complex-community-based-intervention-for-men
#20
Linda Irvine, Iain K Crombie, Kathryn B Cunningham, Brian Williams, Falko F Sniehotta, John Norrie, Ambrose J Melson, Claire Jones, Peter Rice, Peter W Slane, Marcus Achison, Andrew McKenzie, Elena D Dimova, Sheila Allan
Objectives: Being obese and drinking more than 14 units of alcohol per week places men at very high risk of developing liver disease. This study assessed the feasibility of a trial to reduce alcohol consumption. It tested the recruitment strategy, engagement with the intervention, retention and study acceptability. Methods: Men aged 35-64 years who drank >21 units of alcohol per week and had a BMI > 30 were recruited by two methods: from GP patient registers and by community outreach...
September 18, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
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