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Z-M Wang, C-Y Zhong, G-J Zhao
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to study the protective effect of polyphenol epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) on high glucose-induced oxidative damage of H9C2 cells and to investigate the relationship between this effect and phosphatidyl inositol 3 kinase-serine/threonine kinase (P13K/Akt) signal transduction pathway. MATERIALS AND METHODS: H9C2 cells were used as objects of study, 350 mM glucose serum-free medium was used as the high glucose molding condition, and LY294002 (10 μM) was used as the PI3K/Akt inhibitor...
September 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Guodong Liang, Xuedong Fang, Yubo Yang, Yan Song
Cell migration inducing hyaluronan binding protein (CEMIP) has been suggested as a contributor in the carcinogenesis of colorectal cancer (CRC). Cancer cells can adapt to endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress by initiating unfolded protein response (UPR). This study aimed at investigating whether CEMIP affected the UPR of CRC cells, with a focus on 78 kDa glucose-regulated protein (GRP78, a major ER chaperone). We found that knockdown of CEMIP inhibited cell proliferation and induced a G1 arrest in SW480 CRC cells...
October 12, 2017: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Biochimie et Biologie Cellulaire
Tanaporn Khamphaya, Natsasi Chukijrungroat, Vitoon Saengsirisuwan, Kisha A Mitchell-Richards, Marie E Robert, Albert Mennone, Michael H Nathanson, Jittima Weerachayaphorn
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most prevalent liver disease worldwide. It may result in several types of liver problems including impaired liver regeneration, but the mechanism for this is unknown. Because liver regeneration depends on calcium signaling, we examined the effects of NAFLD on expression of the type II inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (ITPR2), the principle calcium release channel in hepatocytes. ITPR2 promoter activity was measured in Huh7 and HepG2 cells. ITPR2 and c-Jun protein levels were evaluated in Huh7 cells, in liver tissue from a rat model of NAFLD and in liver biopsy specimens of patients with simple steatosis and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)...
October 10, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
Laxmansingh T Padiyar, Medel Manuel L Zulueta, Narayana Murthy Sabbavarapu, Shang-Cheng Hung
A variety of inositol phosphates including myo-inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate, which is a secondary messenger in transmembrane signaling, were selectively synthesized via Yb(OTf)3-catalyzed desymmetrization of myo-inositol-1,3,5-orthoformate using a proline-based chiral anhydride as an acylation precursor. The investigated catalytic system could regioselectively differentiate the enantiotopic hydroxy groups of myo-inositol-1,3,5-orthoformate in the presence of a chiral auxiliary. This key step to generate a suitably protected chiral myo-inositol derivatives is described here as a unified approach to access inositol phosphates...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Ana P Pinto, Alisson L da Rocha, Luciana da C Oliveira, Gustavo P Morais, Larissa G de Vicente, Dennys E Cintra, José R Pauli, Leandro P Moura, Eduardo R Ropelle, Adelino S R da Silva
Recently, we demonstrated that different running overtraining (OT) protocols with the same external load, but performed downhill (OTR/down), uphill (OTR/up), and without inclination (OTR), led to hepatic fat accumulation. As the disruption of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) homeostasis is linked to animal models of fatty liver disease, we investigated the effects of these OT models on the proteins related to ER stress (i.e., BiP, inositol-requiring enzyme 1, protein kinase RNA-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase, eIF2alpha, ATF6beta, and glucose-regulated protein 94) and apoptosis (C/EBP-homologous protein, Caspase-3, 4, and 12, Bax, and tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 2) in livers of C57BL/6 mice...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
Matthew Gumbleton, Raki Sudan, Sandra Fernandes, Robert W Engelman, Christopher M Russo, John D Chisholm, William G Kerr
The success of immunotherapy in some cancer patients has revealed the profound capacity for cytotoxic lymphocytes to eradicate malignancies. Various immunotherapies work by blocking key checkpoint proteins that suppress immune cell activity. The phosphatase SHIP1 (SH2-containing inositol polyphosphate 5-phosphatase) limits signaling from receptors that activate natural killer (NK) cells and T cells. However, unexpectedly, genetic ablation studies have shown that the effector functions of SHIP1-deficient NK and T cells are compromised in vivo...
October 10, 2017: Science Signaling
Alexandre Foito, Christine Anne Hackett, Derek Stewart, Janaki Velmurugan, Dan Milbourne, Stephen L Byrne, Susanne Barth
BACKGROUND: Recent advances in the mapping of biochemical traits have been reported in Lolium perenne. Although the mapped traits, including individual sugars and fatty acids, contribute greatly towards ruminant productivity, organic acids and amino acids have been largely understudied despite their influence on the ruminal microbiome. RESULTS: In this study, we used a targeted gas-chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) approach to profile the levels of 25 polar metabolites from different classes (sugars, amino acids, phenolic acids, organic acids and other nitrogen-containing compounds) present in a L...
October 10, 2017: BMC Genetics
Xianwang Wang, Xiaochun Peng, Xueqing Zhang, Hanyi Xu, Chengbiao Lu, Lian Liu, Jiaxing Song, Yingjie Zhang
Calcium and integrin-binding protein 1 (CIB1) is an EF-hand calcium binding protein, which is involved in many cellular processes, including calcium signaling, cell survival and proliferation, cell migration, cell adhesion and apoptosis. A number of studies have found that CIB1 is ubiquitously expressed and is related to various human diseases, such as cancer, Alzheimer's disease (AD), cardiac hypertrophy and male infertility. The mechanism of CIB1 in human diseases is still not clear, although multiple functions of CIB1 are modulated by interacting with numerous interacting partners...
October 11, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Yao Chen, Qiaofeng Yang, Sihong Sang, Zhaoyun Wei, Peng Wang
The plant hormone auxin controls many aspects of plant growth and development by promoting the degradation of Auxin/Indole-3-acetic acid (Aux/IAA) proteins. The domain II (DII) of Aux/IAA proteins is sufficient for eliciting the degradation by direct interacting with the auxin receptor F-box protein TIR1 to form a TIR1/AFBs-Aux/IAA complex in an auxin-dependent manner. However, the underlying mechanism of fine-tuning Aux/IAA degradation by auxin stimuli has remained to be elucidated. Here, we show that OsIPK2, a rice (Oryza sativa) inositol polyphosphate kinase, directly interacts with an Aux/IAA protein OsIAA11 to repress its degradation...
August 30, 2017: Plant & Cell Physiology
Stefan Hintze, Maike Engelhardt, Laura van Diepen, Eric Witt, Hans-Joachim Schüller
Expression of phospholipid biosynthetic genes in yeast requires activator protein Ino2 which can bind to the UAS element ICRE (inositol/choline-responsive element) and trigger activation of target genes, using two separate transcriptional activation domains, TAD1 and TAD2. However, it is still unknown which cofactors mediate activation by TADs of Ino2. Here we show that multiple subunits of basal transcription factor TFIID (TBP-associated factors Taf1, Taf4, Taf6, Taf10 and Taf12) are able to interact in vitro with activation domains of Ino2...
October 10, 2017: Molecular Microbiology
Cora Schefft, Laura L Kilarski, Tom Bschor, Stephan Köhler
In this article, we aimed to assess the efficacy of adjunctive administration of nutritional supplements to antidepressants by means of a systematic review and meta-analysis. The supplements included were inositol, vitamin D, folic acid, vitamin B12, S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAMe), omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) and zinc. A structured database search (MEDLINE, EBSCO, CENTRAL, Web of Science) was performed using terms for the respective substances in conjunction with terms for depression and the mode of treatment ("add-on" OR "adjunctive" OR "augmentation")...
October 5, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Piotr Latocha
The kiwiberry (Actinidia arguta) is a new product on the market that is enjoying growing consumer acceptance around the world. This widespread interest has created increased demand for identification of the kiwiberry's nutritional health benefits. Containing over 20 essential nutrients and a range of vitamins, the kiwiberry comes near the top of fruits classed as superfoods. It is one of the richest sources of vitamin C with up to 430 mg/100 g fresh weight (FW) and is considered the richest dietary source of myo-inositol (up to 982 mg/100 g FW)...
October 7, 2017: Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
Ji-Youn Sung, Kiyong Na, Hyun-Soo Kim
BACKGROUND/AIM: Aberrant expression of survival signaling pathways causes deregulation of cellular proliferation and resistance to apoptosis, and plays a crucial role in the development, progression and metastasis of cancer. Inositol polyphosphate 4-phosphatase type II (INPP4B) negatively regulates phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase signaling and has a tumor-suppressive role in several human malignancies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed the expression levels of INPP4B mRNA and protein in colorectal carcinoma (CRC) cell lines and tissue samples using western blot, quantitative real-time reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, and immunohistochemical staining...
October 2017: Anticancer Research
Marco Scioscia
Preeclampsia results from a complex interaction between immunological alterations, endothelial dysfunction, and insulin resistance. Inositol second messengers are known to be involved in metabolic signaling and are highly expressed during preeclampsia. In the past two decades, several studies were published on different aspects where these molecules are involved. It appears that maternal increase of IPG-P content in all tissues and fluids reflects an increased production of inositol mediators on the fetal side in preeclampsia...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
Jonathan La Mantia, Faride Unda, Carl J Douglas, Shawn D Mansfield, Richard Hamelin
Plants respond to pathogens through an orchestration of signaling events that coordinate modifications to transcriptional profiles and physiological processes. Resistance to necrotrophic pathogens often requires jasmonic acid, which antagonizes the salicylic acid dependent biotrophic defense response. Recently, myo-inositol has been shown to negatively impact salicylic acid (SA) levels and signaling, while galactinol enhances jasmonic acid (JA)-dependent induced systemic resistance to necrotrophic pathogens...
August 30, 2017: Tree Physiology
Neire M de Gouveia, Wellington F Rodrigues, Raquel M F de Sousa, Luciana K Calábria, Antonio V Mundim, Camila B Miguel, Carlo J F Oliveira, Javier E Lazo-Chica, Alberto de Oliveira, João H G Lago, Vagner B Dos Santos, Claudimir L do Lago, Foued S Espindola
Aqueous extract of macerated Vochysia rufa stem bark has been commonly used in the treatment of diabetes. Therefore, we evaluated the antihyperglycemic and antioxidant effects of an extract of V. rufa on the pancreata of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Animals received one of the following treatments daily by oral gavage: water (diabetic-control), V. rufa extract (diabetic-V. rufa), or glibenclamide (diabetic-GBD). Total antioxidant capacity; levels of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, reduced glutathione, and sulfhydryls; and superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activities were measured in the pancreas...
2017: PloS One
Sebastian C Holst, Alexandra Sousek, Katharina Hefti, Sohrab Saberi-Moghadam, Alfred Buck, Simon M Ametamey, Milan Scheidegger, Paul Franken, Anke Henning, Erich Seifritz, Mehdi Tafti, Hans-Peter Landolt
Increased sleep time and intensity quantified as low-frequency brain electrical activity after sleep loss demonstrate that sleep need is homeostatically regulated, yet the underlying molecular mechanisms remain elusive. We here demonstrate that metabotropic glutamate receptors of subtype 5 (mGluR5) contribute to the molecular machinery governing sleep-wake homeostasis. Using positron emission tomography, magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and electroencephalography in humans, we find that increased mGluR5 availability after sleep loss tightly correlates with behavioral and electroencephalographic biomarkers of elevated sleep need...
October 5, 2017: ELife
Hamidreza Jamilian, Mehri Jamilian, Fatemeh Foroozanfard, Faraneh Afshar Ebrahimi, Fereshteh Bahmani, Zatollah Asemi
INTRODUCTION: Data on comparison of myo-inositol and metformin on mental health parameters and biomarkers of oxidative stress in subjects with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are scarce. This purpose of this study was to compare of myo-inositol and metformin on mental health parameters and biomarkers of oxidative stress in subjects with PCOS. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial was conducted among 60 subjects diagnosed with PCOS according to the Rotterdam criteria...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Cecilia Li, Sophie Lev, Desmarini Desmarini, Keren Kaufman-Francis, Adolfo Saiardi, Ana P G Silva, Joel P Mackay, Philip E Thompson, Tania C Sorrell, Julianne T Djordjevic
We previously identified a series of inositol polyphosphate kinases (IPKs), Arg1, Ipk1, Kcs1 and Asp1, in the opportunistic fungal pathogen Cryptococcus neoformans. Using gene deletion analysis, we characterized Arg1, Ipk1 and Kcs1 and showed that they act sequentially to convert IP3 to PP-IP5 (IP7), a key metabolite promoting stress tolerance, metabolic adaptation and fungal dissemination to the brain. We have now directly characterized the enzymatic activity of Arg1, demonstrating that it is a dual specificity (IP3/IP4) kinase producing IP5...
October 4, 2017: Virulence
Małgorzata Kapral, Joanna Wawszczyk, Katarzyna Jesse, Monika Paul-Samojedny, Dariusz Kuśmierz, Ludmiła Węglarz
Abstract: AKT, a serine/threonine protein kinase and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) plays a critical role in the proliferation and resistance to apoptosis that are essential to the development and progression of colon cancer. Therefore, AKT/mTOR signaling pathway has been recognized as an attractive target for anticancer therapy. Inositol hexaphosphate (InsP6), a natural occurring phytochemical, has been shown to have both preventive and therapeutic effects against various cancers, however, its exact molecular mechanisms of action are not fully understood...
October 3, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
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