Read by QxMD icon Read

Cell research

Shahid Khan, Jonathan M Scholey
Cells from all three domains of life on Earth utilize motile macromolecular devices that protrude from the cell surface to generate forces that allow them to swim through fluid media. Research carried out on archaea during the past decade or so has led to the recognition that, despite their common function, the motility devices of the three domains display fundamental differences in their properties and ancestry, reflecting a striking example of convergent evolution. Thus, the flagella of bacteria and the archaella of archaea employ rotary filaments that assemble from distinct subunits that do not share a common ancestor and generate torque using energy derived from distinct fuel sources, namely chemiosmotic ion gradients and FlaI motor-catalyzed ATP hydrolysis, respectively...
March 19, 2018: Current Biology: CB
Jing Jie, Yixin Zhang, Hongyue Zhou, Xiaoyu Zhai, Nannan Zhang, Hongyan Yuan, Weihua Ni, Guixiang Tai
Mucin 1 ( MUC1 ), being an oncogene, is an attractive target in tumor immunotherapy. Maltose binding protein (MBP) is a potent built-in adjuvant to enhance protein immunogenicity. Thus, a recombinant MUC1 and MBP antitumor vaccine (M-M) was constructed in our laboratory. To enhance the antitumor immune activity of M-M, CpG oligodeoxynucleotides 1826 (CpG 1826), a toll-like receptor-9 agonist, was examined in this study as an adjuvant. The combination of M-M and CpG 1826 significantly inhibited MUC1 -expressing B16 cell growth and prolonged the survival of tumor-bearing mice...
March 20, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Hee Kyoung Kang, Moon-Chang Choi, Chang Ho Seo, Yoonkyung Park
Various organisms exist in the oceanic environment. These marine organisms provide an abundant source of potential medicines. Many marine peptides possess anticancer properties, some of which have been evaluated for treatment of human cancer in clinical trials. Marine anticancer peptides kill cancer cells through different mechanisms, such as apoptosis, disruption of the tubulin-microtubule balance, and inhibition of angiogenesis. Traditional chemotherapeutic agents have side effects and depress immune responses...
March 20, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Ahasan Habib, Venkatachalem Sathish, Sanku Mallik, Bashir Khoda
Three-dimensional (3D) bio-printing is a revolutionary technology to reproduce a 3D functional living tissue scaffold in-vitro through controlled layer-by-layer deposition of biomaterials along with high precision positioning of cells. Due to its bio-compatibility, natural hydrogels are commonly considered as the scaffold material. However, the mechanical integrity of a hydrogel material, especially in 3D scaffold architecture, is an issue. In this research, a novel hybrid hydrogel, that is, sodium alginate with carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) is developed and systematic quantitative characterization tests are conducted to validate its printability, shape fidelity and cell viability...
March 20, 2018: Materials
Jin Liu, Yu Chen, Jing-Ya Li, Cheng Luo, Jia Li, Kai-Xian Chen, Xu-Wen Li, Yue-Wei Guo
Phidianidines A and B are two novel marine indole alkaloids bearing an uncommon 1,2,4-oxadiazole ring and exhibiting various biological activities. Our previous research showed that the synthesized phidianidine analogs had the potential to inhibit the activity of protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B), a validated target for Type II diabetes, which indicates that these analogs are worth further structural modification. Therefore, in this paper, a series of phidianidine derivatives were designed and rapidly synthesized with a function-oriented synthesis (FOS) strategy...
March 20, 2018: Marine Drugs
Sarah Landis, Robert Suruki, Joe Maskell, Kerina Bonar, Emma Hilton, Chris Compton
Blood eosinophil count may be a useful biomarker for predicting response to inhaled corticosteroids and exacerbation risk in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. The optimal cut point for categorizing blood eosinophil counts in these contexts remains unclear. We aimed to determine the distribution of blood eosinophil count in COPD patients and matched non-COPD controls, and to describe demographic and clinical characteristics at different cut points. We identified COPD patients within the UK Clinical Practice Research Database aged ≥40 years with a FEV1 /FVC <0...
March 20, 2018: COPD
Guoqing Chen, Yong Li, Wei Wang, Liping Deng
Introduction Mangosteen as a rare and precious fruit looks like a queen crown, known as "Queen of Fruit". α-Mangostin (α-MG) is the most representative xanthone isolated from the pericarp of mangosteen, possessing extensive biological activities and pharmacological properties, which can be considered as an antineoplastic agent, antioxidant, anti-proliferation and induces apoptosis in various types of human cancer cells, and has protective effect on induced apoptotic damage. Areas covered The bioactivity and pharmacological Properties of α-MG are being actively investigated by various industrial and academic institutions...
March 20, 2018: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents
Zewdu Hora, Solomon Zewdu Altaye, Abebe Jenberie Wubie, Jianke Li
The honeybee is one of the most valuable insect pollinators, which plays a key role in pollinating wild vegetation and agricultural crops, with significant contribution to world food production. Although honeybees have long been studied as model for social evolution, the molecular level of honeybee biology remained poorly understood until the year 2006. With the available honeybee genome sequence, technological advancements in protein separation, mass spectrometry, and bioinformatics, wide ranges of honeybee biology such as developmental biology, physiology, behavior, neurobiology, and immunology are explored to a new depth at molecular and biochemical levels...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Mijanur R Molla, Alexander Böser, Akshita Rana, Karina Schwarz, Pavel A Levkin
Efficient delivery of nucleic acids into cells is of great interest in the field of cell biology and gene therapy. Despite a lot of research, transfection efficiency and structural diversity of gene-delivery vectors are still limited. A better understanding of the structure-function relationship of gene delivery vectors is also essential for the design of novel and intelligent delivery vectors, efficient in "difficult-to-transfect" cells and in vivo clinical applications. Most of the existing strategies for the synthesis of gene-delivery vectors require multiple steps and lengthy procedures...
March 20, 2018: Bioconjugate Chemistry
Oğuz Ahmet Hasdemir, Serhat Tokgöz, Fulya Köybaşıoğlu, Harun Karabacak, Cüneyt Yücesoy, Gökşen İnanç İmamoğlu
BACKGROUND: Metaplastic carcinoma of the breast (MpBC) is defined as a group of heterogeneous malignant neoplasms that contain glandular and non-glandular components with mixed epithelial and mesenchymal differentiations. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to research the clinical and pathological characteristics of MpBC determining its rank among all breast cancers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Metaplastic carcinoma of the breast was found in 7 out of 1,164 patients who had been diagnosed with breast cancer within the period of 12 years in our hospital...
March 19, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Yoon Hee Park, Soyeon Cho, Jeong Yee, Jae Youn Kim, Sandy Jeong Rhie, Hye Sun Gwak
Gefitinib is an oral tyrosine kinase inhibitor targeting the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) for non-small-cell lung cancer with EGFR mutations. Although a few studies have analyzed the causes of gefitinib-induced hepatotoxicity, research focusing on the time intervals before and after hepatotoxicity has yet to be reported. Therefore, this study investigated two types of factors: the time to reach gefitinib-induced hepatotoxicity and the time for recovery. From January 2013 to December 2014, a retrospective study was carried out on 473 non-small-cell lung cancer patients who were treated with gefitinib...
March 19, 2018: Anti-cancer Drugs
Francesco Carubbi, Alessia Alunno, Paola Cipriani, Onelia Bistoni, Rosa Scipioni, Vasiliki Liakouli, Piero Ruscitti, Onorina Berardicurti, Salvatore Di Bartolomeo, Roberto Gerli, Roberto Giacomelli
Current patient care in rheumatology relies primarily on a combination of traditional clinical assessment and standard laboratory tests. Investigators seek to discover new biomarkers and novel technologies such as the 'omics' boosted the research in this field. Mechanistic biomarkers such as cytokines, cell types, antibodies, signaling molecules, are rooted in the mechanism underlying the disease and can guide the clinical management of the disease. Conversely, descriptive biomarkers are byproducts of the disease process, depict the state of a disease but are not involved in its pathogenesis...
March 19, 2018: Current Rheumatology Reviews
Udesh Dhawan, Ming-Wen Sue, Kuan Chun Lan, Waradee Buddhakosai, Pao Hui Huang, Yi Cheng Chen, Po-Chun Chen, Wen-Liang Chen
Epithelial to Mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a highly orchestrated process motivated by the nature of physical, chemical composition of Tumor Microenvironment (TME). The role of physical framework of the tumor microenvironment in guiding cells towards EMT is poorly understood. To investigate this, breast cancer MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 cells were cultured on nanochips comprising of Tantalum oxide nanodots ranging in diameter from 10 to 200nm, fabricated through electrochemical approach and collectively referred to as artificial microenvironments...
March 20, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Hsin-Hua Li, Chih-Li Lin, Chien-Ning Huang
A growing body of evidence suggests that disruption of the homeostasis of lipid metabolism affects the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In particular, dysregulation of cholesterol homeostasis in the brain has been reported to considerably increase the risk of developing AD. Thus, dysregulation of lipid homeostasis may increase the amyloid β (Aβ) levels by affecting amyloid precursor protein (APP) cleavage, which is the most important risk factor involved in the pathogenesis of AD. Previous research demonstrated that Aβ can trigger neuronal insulin resistance, which plays an important role in response to Aβ-induced neurotoxicity in AD...
February 2018: Neural Regeneration Research
Juan Pablo Acevedo, Ioannis Angelopoulos, Danny van Noort, Maroun Khoury
Microfabrication and microfluidics contribute to the research of cellular functions of cells and their interaction with their environment. Previously, it has been shown that microfluidics can contribute to the isolation, selection, characterization and migration of cells. This review aims to provide stem cell researchers with a toolkit of microtechnology (mT) instruments for elucidating complex stem cells functions which are challenging to decipher with traditional assays and animal models. These microdevices are able to investigate about the differentiation and niche interaction, stem cells transcriptomics, therapeutic functions and the capture of their secreted microvesicles...
March 20, 2018: Regenerative Medicine
Choung-Soo Kim, Hyunsu Choi, Ki Cheol Park, Sung Won Kim, Dong-Il Sun
Objective This study investigated the ability of implanted human nasal inferior turbinate-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hTMSCs) to repair injured vocal folds. To this end, we used quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to analyze the early phase of wound healing and histopathological analysis to explore the late phase of wound healing in xenograft animal models. Study Design Prospective animal study. Setting Research laboratory. Subjects and Methods The right-side lamina propria of the vocal fold was injured in 20 rabbits and 30 rats...
March 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Janka Palancsai Siftar, Monika Sobocan, Iztok Takac
The present study aimed to determine the amount of fluid medium passing through the Fallopian tubes into the peritoneal cavity during a hysteroscopy. This was done to understand the pathophysiology of complications related to the hysteroscopy. Conducted in a general hospital setting, the study examined the fluid inflow-outflow during a hysteroscopy both in pre- and post-menopausal women. A hysteroscopy was performed vaginoscopically for both diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. The study involved 117 patients...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Yaw Opoku-Damoah, Assogba G Assanhou, Mopa A Sooro, Cynthia A Baduweh, Chunmeng Sun, Yang Ding
The circulation of tumor cells in peripheral blood is mostly recognized as a prerequisite for cancer progression or systemic invasion, and it correlates with the pivotal hallmark of malignancies known as metastasis. Multiple detection schemes for CTCs have emerged as the most discerning criteria for monitoring the outcome of anticancer therapy. Therefore, there has been a tremendous increase in the use of robust nanostructured platforms for observation of these mobile tumor cells through various simultaneous diagnosis and treatment regimens developed from conventional techniques...
March 20, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Sinem Civriz Bozdağ, Meltem Kurt Yüksel, Taner Demirer
Stem cells can be either totipotent, pluripotent, multipotent or unipotent. Totipotent cells have the capability to produce all cell types of the developing organism, including both embryonic and extraembryonic tissues. The Hematopoietic Stem Cells (HSC) are the first defined adult stem cells (ASC) that give rise to all blood cells and immune system. Use of HSCs for treatment of hematologic malignancies, which is also called bone marrow (BM) transplantation or peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) transplantation is the pioneer of cellular therapy and translational research...
March 20, 2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Md Saiful Islam Roney, Song-Kyu Park
Cancer is one of the deadliest diseases in the world. Despite extensive studies, treating metastatic cancers remains challenging. Years of research have linked a rare set of cells known as cancer stem cells (CSCs) to drug resistance, leading to the suggestion that eradication of CSCs might be an effective therapeutic strategy. However, few drug candidates are active against CSCs. New drug discovery is often a lengthy process. Drug screening has been advantageous in identifying drug candidates. Current understanding of cancer biology has revealed various clues to target cancer from different points of view...
March 19, 2018: Archives of Pharmacal Research
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"