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Adipose stem cells

Y Song, X F Wang, Y G Wang, F Dong, P J Lv
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of nano hydroxyapatite on human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells(hASCs) mixture 3D bio-printing for cells' proliferation and osteogenesis. METHODS: P5 hASCs were used as seed cells, 10 g/L nano hydroxyapatite was added into the cell-sodium alginate-gelatin mixture (concentration: 20 g/L sodium alginate, 80 g/L gelatin; cell density: 1×10(6)/mL), then the mixture was printed by 3D bio-printer as the experimental group. And the cell-sodium alginate-gelatin mixture without nano hydroxyapatite was printed as the control group...
October 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Yuguang Wang, Ying-Ying Huang, Yong Wang, Peijun Lyu, Michael R Hamblin
Photobiomodulation (PBM) using red or near-infrared (NIR) light has been used to stimulate the proliferation and differentiation of adipose-derived stem cells. The use of NIR wavelengths such as 810nm is reasonably well accepted to stimulate mitochondrial activity and ATP production via absorption of photons by cytochrome c oxidase. However, the mechanism of action of 980nm is less well understood. Here we study the effects of both wavelengths (810nm and 980nm) on adipose-derived stem cells in vitro. Both wavelengths showed a biphasic dose response, but 810nm had a peak dose response at 3J/cm(2) for stimulation of proliferation at 24h, while the peak dose for 980nm was 10-100 times lower at 0...
October 14, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Allen D Seftel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Urology
I Louveau, M-H Perruchot, M Bonnet, F Gondret
Both white and brown adipose tissues are recognized to be differently involved in energy metabolism and are also able to secrete a variety of factors called adipokines that are involved in a wide range of physiological and metabolic functions. Brown adipose tissue is predominant around birth, except in pigs. Irrespective of species, white adipose tissue has a large capacity to expand postnatally and is able to adapt to a variety of factors. The aim of this review is to update the cellular and molecular mechanisms associated with pre- and postnatal adipose tissue development with a special focus on pigs and ruminants...
November 2016: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
Hyoung Sook Park, Ji Hye Kim, Bo Kyung Sun, Sun U Song, Wonhee Suh, Jong-Hyuk Sung
It has previously been demonstrated that hypoxia has diverse stimulatory effects on adipose‑derived stem cells (ASCs), however, metabolic responses under hypoxia remain to be elucidated. Thus, the present study aimed to investigate the glucose uptake and metabolism of ASCs under hypoxic conditions, and to identify the underlying molecular mechanisms. ASCs were cultured in 1% oxygen, and experiments were conducted in vitro. As determined by proteomic analysis and western blotting, GAPDH and enolase 1 (ENO1) expression were upregulated under hypoxia...
October 5, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Chang Hoon Seo, Mi Hee Kwack, Soo-Hong Lee, Moon Kyu Kim, Jung Chul Kim, Young Kwan Sung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Annals of Dermatology
Giulia Cantini, Alessandra Di Franco, Edoardo Mannucci, Michaela Luconi
Glucagon-like peptide 1(9-36) [GLP-1(9-36)] is generated by dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP4) cleavage of the gut incretin hormone, GLP-1(7-36). Since GLP-1(9-36) has a very low affinity for the GLP-1 receptor (GLP-1R), it has so far been considered an inactive form of GLP-1. Here we show GLP-1(9-36) activity in human adipose stem cells (ASC) in vitro. GLP-1(9-36) inhibits human ASC proliferation, glucose uptake and adipogenesis, as well as induces cell apoptosis, to a similar extent as GLP-1(7-36) and liraglutide...
October 13, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Guillermo C Rivera-Gonzalez, Brett A Shook, Johanna Andrae, Brandon Holtrup, Katherine Bollag, Christer Betsholtz, Matthew S Rodeheffer, Valerie Horsley
Tissue growth and maintenance requires stem cell populations that self-renew, proliferate, and differentiate. Maintenance of white adipose tissue (WAT) requires the proliferation and differentiation of adipocyte stem cells (ASCs) to form postmitotic, lipid-filled mature adipocytes. Here we use the dynamic adipogenic program that occurs during hair growth to uncover an unrecognized regulator of ASC self-renewal and proliferation, PDGFA, which activates AKT signaling to drive and maintain the adipogenic program in the skin...
October 1, 2016: Cell Stem Cell
Dae Young Yoo, Dae Won Kim, Jin Young Chung, Hyo Young Jung, Jong Whi Kim, Yeo Sung Yoon, In Koo Hwang, Jung Hoon Choi, Goang-Min Choi, Soo Young Choi, Seung Myung Moon
In the present study, we investigated the ability of Cu, Zn-superoxide dismutase (SOD1) to improve the therapeutic potential of adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (Ad-MSCs) against ischemic damage in the spinal cord. Animals were divided into four groups: the control group, vehicle (PEP-1 peptide and artificial cerebrospinal fluid)-treated group, Ad-MSC alone group, and Ad-MSC-treated group with PEP-1-SOD1. The abdominal aorta of the rabbit was occluded for 30 min in the subrenal region to induce ischemic damage, and immediately after reperfusion, artificial cerebrospinal fluid or Ad-MSCs (2 × 10(5)) were administered intrathecally...
October 14, 2016: Neurochemical Research
A A Shumilova, M P Myltygashev, A K Kirichenko, E D Nikolaeva, T G Volova, E I Shishatskaya
The study describes preparation and testing of porous 3D implants of natural degradable polymer of 3-hydroxybutyric acid P(3HB) for regeneration of bone tissue defects. The ability of the P(3HB) implants to favor attachment and facilitate proliferation and directed differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) was studied in the culture of MSCs isolated from bone marrow and adipose tissue. Tissue-engineered hybrid systems (grafts) constructed by using P(3HB) and P(3HB) in combination with osteoblasts were used in experiments on laboratory animals (n=48) with bone defect model...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
Renpeng Zhou, Lei Zhu, Shibo Fu, Yunliang Qian, Danru Wang, Chen Wang
Bioengineering of small-diameter blood vessels offers a promising approach to reduce the morbidity associated with coronary artery and peripheral vascular disease. The aim of this study was to construct a two-layered small-diameter blood vessel using smooth muscle cells (SMCs) and endothelial cells (ECs) differentiated from human adipose-derived stem cells (hASCs). The outer layer was constructed with biodegradable polycaprolactone (PCL)-gelatin mesh seeded with SMCs, and this complex was then rolled around a silicone tube under pulsatile stimulation...
October 14, 2016: Scientific Reports
Stefania Pagani, Veronica Borsari, Francesca Veronesi, Andrea Ferrari, Simona Cepollaro, Paola Torricelli, Giuseppe Filardo, Milena Fini
OBJECTIVES: Primarily, to compare the behavior of human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) derived from bone marrow (hBMSCs) and adipose tissue (hADSCs) in an osteoarthritic (OA) microenvironment; secondly, to investigate the reaction of these cell types in two alternative in vitro culture systems, obtained by using TNFα and/or IL1β as inflammation mediators, or by using synovial fluid harvested by OA patients (OSF) to simulate the complex inflamed knee microenvironment. METHODS: 3D micromass cultures of hBMSCs or hADSCs were grown in chondrogenic medium (CTR), in the presence of TNFα and/or IL1β, or synovial fluid from OA patients...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Thangavelu Soundara Rajan, Sabrina Giacoppo, Oriana Trubiani, Francesca Diomede, Adriano Piattelli, Placido Bramanti, Emanuela Mazzon
Conditioned medium derived from mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) shows immunomodulatory and neuroprotective effects in preclinical models. Given the difficulty to harvest MSCs from bone marrow and adipose tissues, research has been focused to find alternative resources for MSCs, such as oral-derived tissues. Recently, we have demonstrated the protective effects of MSCs obtained from healthy human periodontal ligament tissue (hPDLSCs) in murine experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis model. In the present in vitro study, we have investigated the immunomodulatory and neuroprotective effects of conditioned medium obtained from hPDLSCs of Relapsing Remitting- Multiple sclerosis (RR-MS) patients on NSC34 mouse motoneurons stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS)...
October 11, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
Serban San-Marina, Ayushman Sharma, Stephen G Voss, Jeffrey R Janus, Grant S Hamilton
Importance: Nasal reconstruction in patients who are missing a significant amount of structural nasal support remains a difficult challenge. One challenge is the deficiency of cartilage left within the nose as a consequence of rhinectomy or a midline destructive disease. Historically, the standard donor source for large quantities of native cartilage has been costal cartilage. Objective: To enable the development of protocols for new mesenchymal stem cell technologies as alternative procedures with reduced donor site morbidity, risk of infection and extrusion...
October 13, 2016: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
Hasan Bakır, Erdal Uysal, Akif Hakan Kurt, Türkay Kirdak
PURPOSE: Seroma is the most frequently seen complication after the mastectomy and axillary dissection. The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of locally applied bovine collagen sponge and adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells on seroma development in rats that undergone mastectomy and axillary dissection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Wistar albino rats, were randomly divided into 3 groups (n = 10 per group). For the rats in Group 1, 1 ml 0.09% NaCl was implemented...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
HanBang Chen, YunZhu Qian, Yang Xia, Gang Chen, Yun Dai, Na Li, FeiMin Zhang, Ning Gu
The topographical features and material composition of nanoscaffolds have a powerful influence on cell behaviors such as proliferation and differentiation. Here, scaffolds consisting of aligned nanofibers with incorporated bioactive collagen I were tested for their ability to enhance osteogenesis in vitro. Rat adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs) were seeded on the scaffolds and their morphology, proliferation and osteogenic differentiation were examined. Aligned scaffolds with collagen I showed the best osteogenic properties...
October 13, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Tracy N Clevenger, Gabriel Luna, Daniel Boctor, Steven K Fisher, Dennis O Clegg
One of the most common regenerative therapies is autologous fat grafting, which frequently suffers from unexpected volume loss. One approach is to deliver adipose stem cells encapsulated in the engineered hydrogels supportive of cell survival, differentiation, and integration after transplant. We describe an encapsulating, biomimetic poly(ethylene)-glycol hydrogel, with embedded peptides for attachment and biodegradation. Poly(ethylene)-glycol hydrogels containing an Arg-Gly-Asp attachment sequence and a matrix metalloprotease 3/10 cleavage site supported adipose stem cell survival and showed remodeling initiated by adipogenic differentiation...
January 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering
Shuang Zhang, Chunyu Bai, Dong Zheng, Yuhua Gao, Yanan Fan, Lu Li, Weijun Guan, Yuehui Ma
Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) are multipotent, and can be differentiated into many cell types in vitro. In this study, tissues from pigs were chosen to identify and characterize ADSCs. Primary ADSCs were sub-cultured to passage 28. The surface markers of ADSCs: CD29, CD71, CD73, CD90, and CD166 were detected by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction assays and the markers CD29, CD44, CD105, and vimentin were detected by immunofluorescence. Growth curves and the capacity of clone-forming were performed to test the proliferation of ADSCs...
October 2016: Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche Vétérinaire
Garrett L Metcalf, Scott R McClure, Jesse M Hostetter, Rudy F Martinez, Chong Wang
Use of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) found in the stromal vascular fraction (SVF) of equine adipose tissue has promising applications for regenerative therapies. The most commonly used source of equine adipose tissue is the subcutaneous tailhead. The objective of this study was to compare 3 adipose depot sites in horses and determine the viability and cellular yield, capillary density, gene expression for selected markers, and colony-forming unit fibroblasts (CFU-Fs) in adipose tissue taken from these sites...
October 2016: Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche Vétérinaire
Suriyan Ponnusamy, Quynh T Tran, Innocence Harvey, Heather S Smallwood, Thirumagal Thiyagarajan, Souvik Banerjee, Daniel L Johnson, James T Dalton, Ryan D Sullivan, Duane D Miller, Dave Bridges, Ramesh Narayanan
Most satiety-inducing obesity therapeutics, despite modest efficacy, have safety concerns that underscore the need for effective peripherally acting drugs. An attractive therapeutic approach for obesity is to optimize/maximize energy expenditure by increasing energy-utilizing thermogenic brown adipose tissue. We used in vivo and in vitro models to determine the role of estrogen receptor β (ER-β) and its ligands on adipose biology. RNA sequencing and metabolomics were used to determine the mechanism of action of ER-β and its ligands...
October 12, 2016: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
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