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Obstetrics gynecology oncology

Regina Wierzejska, Mirosław Jarosz, Magdalena Klemińska-Nowak, Marta Tomaszewska, Włodzimierz Sawicki, Michał Bachanek, Magdalena Siuba-Strzelińska
Introduction: Vitamin D deficiency in pregnant women may result in reduced neonatal development due to the fact that systemic vitamin D status during fetal life depends on maternal concentrations. Some authors reported significant differences in neonatal anthropometric measurements depending on maternal vitamin D concentrations. Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship between maternal and cord blood concentrations of vitamin D and neonatal anthropometric measurements at birth...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
P Lavaud, B Fedida, G Canlorbe, S Bendifallah, E Darai, I Thomassin-Naggara
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively investigate whether magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings could contribute to predict histologic type, tumor grade and lymphovascular space invasion (LVSI) to improve preoperative assessment of endometrial cancer using the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) European Society for Radiotherapy & Oncology (ESTRO) and European Society of Gynecological Oncology (ESGO) classification. METHODS: Between January 2008 and August 2014, 104 women (mean age, 65±11 [SD] years; range, 32-84 years) with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage I endometrial cancer underwent preoperative MRI of the pelvis...
February 19, 2018: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
Sebastien Gouy, Marine Saidani, Amandine Maulard, Slim Bach-Hamba, Enrica Bentivegna, Alexandra Leary, Patricia Pautier, Mojgan Devouassoux-Shisheboran, Catherine Genestie, Philippe Morice
BACKGROUND: The present study retrospectively determined the outcomes and prognoses in stage I mucinous ovarian carcinoma according to histological type (ie, expansile or infiltrative). METHODS: A centralized pathologic review of tumors in patients treated from 1976 to 2016 for ovarian mucinous carcinoma was performed by 2 expert pathologists according to the 2014 World Health Organization classification. Only patients with stage I disease were analyzed. Tumors were typed as expansile or infiltrative and oncological issues analyzed...
March 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Yue Wang, Xiaolong Ma, Yuxiang Wang, Yan Liu, Congrong Liu
The objective of this article is to compare the effectiveness of various estrogen receptor (ER) scoring systems for predicting prognosis in endometrial cancer (EC). We retrospectively analyzed 195 cases of primary EC with complete follow-up information. Three different methods-the American Society of Clinical Oncology/College of American Pathologists (ASCO/CAP) criterion, histochemistry score (H-score), and Allred scoring system-were used to assess the degree of staining, and comparisons were made to determine which method correlated best with clinical outcomes...
February 5, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
Mikio Mikami, Masako Shida, Takeo Shibata, Hidetaka Katabuchi, Junzo Kigawa, Daisuke Aoki, Nobuo Yaegashi
OBJECTIVE: The Japan Society of Gynecologic Oncology (JSGO) initiated a nation-wide training system for the education and certification for gynecologic oncologists in 2005. To assess the impact of the quality of the JSGO-accredited institutions, JSGO undertook an analysis of the Uterine Cervical Cancer Registry of the Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology (JSOG) to determine the effectiveness of the JSGO-accredited institutions on the treatment and survival of women with cervical cancer...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
Adamu Abdullahi, Muhammad Inuwa Mustapha, Dawotola Ayorinde David, Olasinde Tajudeen Ayodeji
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the commonest gynecological malignancy in our environment and is an Acquired Immuno-Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)-associated malignancy. Documented data on the Human Immune-deficiency Virus (HIV) seroprevalence among patients with cervical cancer in our environment are scarce. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of HIV infection in women with cancer of the cervix. STUDY DESIGN: The work is a descriptive survey by design, concentrating in frequency of occurrences of prevalence of the dissease in either cases for a number of years retrospectively carried out at the Radiotherapy and Oncology Centre of Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital (ABUTH) Zaria...
January 2018: Annals of African Medicine
Bernadette M Boac, Yin Xiong, Sachin M Apte, Robert M Wenham, Mian M Shahzad, Donald G Munroe, Johnathan M Lancaster, Hye Sook Chon
BACKGROUND: Patients with ovarian cancer tend to receive the highest quality of care at high-volume cancer centers with gynecologic oncologists. However, the care that they receive prior to gynecologic oncology consult has not been examined. We investigated the quantity and quality of care given to patients with ovarian cancer before being seen by a gynecologic oncologist. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the variability, quantity, and quality of diagnostic testing and physician-referral patterns prior to consultation with a gynecologic oncologist, in women with suspicious pelvic masses seen on imaging...
January 15, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Ümran Muslu
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to make a bibliometric analysis of the studies on breast reduction (BR) between the years 1980 and 2016 and identify important studies through trend topics as well as active authors, countries, universities, scientific journals, and citation and co-citation analyses about BR. BACKGROUND: Although BR looks like one of the cosmetic surgeries performed in order to restore the woman's appearance, in fact it is a reconstructive surgery that eliminates back pain, stance disorder, headache, shoulder pain, back and cervical disk hernia, difficulty in breathing, hollowness caused by bra straps, hygiene problems under breasts (e...
January 19, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Hubert Fornalik, Nicole Fornalik
OBJECTIVE: To study the safety and feasibility of robotic dissection of deep pelvic vessels as applied to the robotic harvesting of a uterus from live transplant donor. DESIGN: Surgical video. SETTING: Gynecologic oncology practice of a tertiary community cancer center. PATIENT(S): Two patients undergoing robotic nerve-sparing radical hysterectomy for International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage Ib1 cervical cancer...
February 2018: Fertility and Sterility
Yvonne Nartey, Philip C Hill, Kwabena Amo-Antwi, Kofi M Nyarko, Joel Yarney, Brian Cox
Purpose Cervical cancer is a common cancer among women worldwide. An estimated 528,000 new cases and 266,000 deaths occurred in 2012. More than 85% of invasive cervical cancer cases occur in low- and middle-income countries. Cervical cancer ranks as the most common cancer among women in Ghana. We conducted a retrospective study to assess the descriptive epidemiology of cervical cancer in Ghana. We describe cervical cancer incidence and mortality rates for the regions served by two large hospitals in Ghana. Patients and Methods Information for women diagnosed with invasive cervical cancer between 2010 and 2013 was collected from the Komfo Anokye and Korle Bu Teaching Hospitals through review of medical, computer, and pathology records at the oncology units and the obstetrics and gynecology departments...
December 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
Sebastien Gouy, Marine Saidani, Amandine Maulard, Slim Bach-Hamba, Enrica Bentivegna, Alexandra Leary, Patricia Pautier, Mojgan Devouassoux-Shisheboran, Catherine Genestie, Philippe Morice
BACKGROUND: No series had been reported focusing on the results of fertility-sparing surgery in stage I mucinous ovarian cancers according to histotype (infiltrative vs. expansile). Investigating such outcomes was the aim of the present study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was a retrospective analysis of patients treated conservatively with preservation of the uterus and contralateral ovary from 1976 to 2016. The pathology of the tumors was reviewed by two expert pathologists according to the 2014 World Health Organization (WHO) classification criteria...
December 14, 2017: Oncologist
Gry Assam Taarnhøj, Ib Jarle Christensen, Henrik Lajer, Katrine Fuglsang, Mette Moustgaard Jeppesen, Henriette Strøm Kahr, Claus Høgdall
BACKGROUND: In developed countries, women attend follow-up after treatment for cervical cancer to detect recurrence. The aim of this study was to describe the Danish population of women with early-stage cervical cancer at risk for recurrence and death due to recurrence. METHODS: Data were extracted from 3 nationwide databases to find women diagnosed with stage 1A1 to 1B1 cervical cancer in 2005-2013. Recurrences were determined from data on oncological or surgical treatment more than 3 months after the initial diagnosis and were cross-checked with patient journals...
March 1, 2018: Cancer
A Barnadas, M Algara, O Cordoba, A Casas, M Gonzalez, M Marzo, A Montero, M Muñoz, A Ruiz, F Santolaya, T Fernandez
The increased incidence and decreased mortality of breast cancer have produced an increased number of breast cancer survivors. The type of sequelae and comorbidities that these patients present call for a collaborative follow-up by hospital-based specialized care and primary care. In this document, we present a guideline drafted and agreed among scientific societies whose members care for breast cancer survivors. The purpose of this guideline is to achieve the shared and coordinated follow-up of these patients by specialized care and primary care professionals...
November 14, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
Sang Chul Kim, Young Sun Ro, Sang Do Shin, Dae Han Wi, Joongsik Jeong, Ju Ok Park, Kyong Min Sun, Kwangsoo Bae
Development of a competence-based curriculum is important. This study aimed to develop competence assessment tools in emergency medicine and use it to assess competence of Cameroonian healthcare professionals. This was a cross-sectional, descriptive study. Through literature review, expert survey, and discrimination tests, we developed a self-survey questionnaire and a scenario-based competence assessment tool for assessing clinical knowledge and self-confidence to perform clinical practices or procedures. The self-survey consisted of 23 domains and 94 questionnaires on a 5-point Likert scale...
December 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Silvina Arrossi, Sarah Temin, Suzanne Garland, Linda O'Neal Eckert, Neerja Bhatla, Xavier Castellsagué, Sharifa Ezat Alkaff, Tamika Felder, Doudja Hammouda, Ryo Konno, Gilberto Lopes, Emmanuel Mugisha, Rául Murillo, Isabel C Scarinci, Margaret Stanley, Vivien Tsu, Cosette M Wheeler, Isaac Folorunso Adewole, Silvia de Sanjosé
Purpose: To provide resource-stratified (four tiers), evidence-based recommendations on the primary prevention of cervical cancer globally. Methods: The American Society of Clinical Oncology convened a multidisciplinary, multinational panel of oncology, obstetrics/gynecology, public health, cancer control, epidemiology/biostatistics, health economics, behavioral/implementation science, and patient advocacy experts. The Expert Panel reviewed existing guidelines and conducted a modified ADAPTE process and a formal consensus-based process with additional experts (consensus ratings group) for one round of formal ratings...
October 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
Antonio Pellegrino, Gianluca Raffaello Damiani, Matteo Loverro, Cecilia Pirovano, Giorgio Fachechi, Silvia Corso, Giuseppe Trojano
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical and oncologic outcomes of Robotic radical hysterectomy (RRH) vs Laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (TLRH) in patients with cervical carcinoma. DESIGN: Long term follow-up in a prospective study between March 2010 to March 2016. SETTING: Oncological referral center, department of gynecology and obstetrics of Alessandro Manzoni Hospital, department of gynecology, University of San Gerardo Monza, Milan...
October 23, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Alice Bergamini, Micaela Petrone, Emanuela Rabaiotti, Francesca Pella, Raffaella Cioffi, Elena Giulia Rossi, Valentina Di Mattei, Massimo Candiani, Giorgia Mangili
About 2.7% of patients epithelial ovarian cancers (EOC) are younger than 40 and present with stage I disease. For this subset of women, the issue of fertility sparing surgery (FSS) has become critical. The aim of this survey was to investigate the management of EOC patients desiring to preserve fertility in Italy. A questionnaire consisting of 30 items was developed to evaluate: patient-selection criteria, rate of FSS, patient's counseling- and pregnancy-timing, fertility preservation, obstetrics, and oncologic outcomes...
October 26, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
Shogo Shigeta, Satoru Nagase, Mikio Mikami, Masae Ikeda, Masako Shida, Isao Sakaguchi, Norichika Ushioda, Fumiaki Takahashi, Wataru Yamagami, Nobuo Yaegashi, Yasuhiro Udagawa, Hidetaka Katabuchi
OBJECTIVE: The Japan Society of Gynecologic Oncology (JSGO) published the first practice guideline for endometrial cancer in 2006. The JSGO guideline evaluation committee assessed the effect of this guideline introduction on clinical practice and patient outcome using data provided by the Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology (JSOG) cancer registration system. METHODS: Data of patients with endometrial cancer registered between 2000 and 2012 were analyzed, and epidemiological and clinical trends were assessed...
November 2017: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
Jun Sakata, Hiroaki Kajiyama, Shiro Suzuki, Fumi Utsumi, Kaoru Niimi, Ryuichiro Sekiya, Kiyosumi Shibata, Takeshi Senga, Fumitaka Kikkawa
Several previous studies have revealed that the expression of zinc finger E-box binding homeobox 1 (ZEB1) in solid malignancies has an important significance on the clinical outcome of patients. However, the association between ZEB1 expression and survival in patients with epithelial ovarian carcinoma (EOC) remains unclear. The objective of the present study was to examine the extent of ZEB1 expression in EOC using immunohistochemical staining and investigate its association with patient outcome. A total of 40 patients with EOC initially treated with cytoreductive surgery and systematic chemotherapy were enrolled...
October 2017: Oncology Letters
Joseph M Letourneau, Nikita Sinha, Kaitlyn Wald, Eve Harris, Molly Quinn, Tal Imbar, Evelyn Mok-Lin, A Jo Chien, Mitchell Rosen
STUDY QUESTION: Is random start ovarian stimulation associated with delays in initiation of neoadjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer? SUMMARY ANSWER: Among women who complete fertility preservation (FP) consultation, random start ovarian stimulation is unlikely to delay time to initiation of neoadjuvant chemotherapy start. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy is now a widely accepted treatment modality for operable breast cancer and random start ovarian stimulation is an increasingly-utilized modality for FP...
October 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
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