keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

pediatric epilepsy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322489/measurement-in-pediatric-epilepsy-self-management-a-critical-review
#1
REVIEW
Gigi Smith, Avani C Modi, Erica K Johnson, Ross Shegog, Joan K Austin, Janelle L Wagner
Given the paucity of information available regarding self-management, the aims of this paper are to synthesize the literature on factors associated with and measures to assess self-management in pediatric epilepsy. INCLUSION CRITERIA: youth birth to 18 years with a seizure disorder or an epilepsy diagnosis and/or their caregivers, published 1985-2014 in English, and conducted in countries with a very high human development index. The review was conducted in 6 phases: (1) identification of bibliographical search criteria and databases; (2) abstract assessment; (3) full article review; (4) organization of final citations into categories; (5) identification of predictors, potential mediators/moderators, and outcomes associated with self-management factors and categorization of factors as influences, processes, or behaviors across individual, family, community, and health care domains; and (6) critique of self-management instrument studies...
January 11, 2018: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309954/impaired-theory-of-mind-in-chinese-children-and-adolescents-with-idiopathic-generalized-epilepsy-association-with-behavioral-manifestations-of-executive-dysfunction
#2
Ting Zhang, Lingyan Chen, Yu Wang, Mengmeng Zhang, Lanlan Wang, Xiangjun Xu, Gairong Xiao, Jing Chen, Yeru Shen, Nong Zhou
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is a common neurological disorder with a core feature of cognitive impairments. Previous studies showed that patients with focal epilepsy have deficits in both theory of mind (ToM) and executive function (EF). However, there are few studies of ToM in patients with idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE), especially in populations with pediatric epilepsy. The aim of this study was to examine the characteristics of ToM and EF, including some of their subcomponents, and explore the relationship between them in Chinese children with IGE...
January 5, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305185/predictors-of-outcome-after-surgery-in-134-children-with-drug-resistant-tle
#3
Ashalatha Radhakrishnan, Ramshekhar Menon, Mathew Abraham, George Vilanilam, Suvasini Sharma, Bejoy Thomas, Chandrashekharan Kesavadas, Ajith Cherian, Raviprasad Varma, Sanjeev V Thomas
PURPOSE: To determine the factors predicting seizure outcome in children who underwent anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) for drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). METHODS: Among the 664 patients who underwent ATL for TLE from 1995 to 2008, there were 134 children. "Excellent" outcome in them was defined as seizure freedom during the entire follow-up (Engel class I a); "good outcome", if in remission last 2 years, and the rest as "unfavorable outcome". To identify the potential predictors of seizure recurrence, the attributes of recurred and non-recurred groups was compared by univariate and multivariate analysis...
January 2, 2018: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288902/diagnostic-evaluation-and-surgical-management-of-pediatric-insular-epilepsy-utilizing-magnetoencephalography-and-invasive-eeg-monitoring
#4
Raheel Ahmed, Hiroshi Otsubo, Carter Snead, Elizabeth Donner, Elysa Widjaja, Ayako Ochi, James M Drake, James T Rutka
INTRODUCTION: The diagnosis and surgical management of pediatric patients with insular epilepsy is challenging due to variable and indistinct seizure semiology arising within the insular cortex. In addition, surgical approaches are associated with potential morbidity given the regional neurosurgical and vascular anatomy. Our institutional experience in evaluation and surgical management of insular epilepsy patients is presented. Diagnostic evaluation, surgical treatment and seizures outcomes are highlighted...
December 20, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288854/lesional-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-beware-the-deceitful-panic-attack
#5
Kay O Kulason, Julia R Schneider, Ralph Rahme, Bidyut Pramanik, Derek Chong, John A Boockvar
BACKGROUND: Ganglioglioma is a rare, benign, intraaxial glioneuronal tumor, but a relatively common cause of pharmacoresistant temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). Given its often nonspecific neuropsychiatric manifestations and frequently negative electroencephalographic workup, TLE can be easily misdiagnosed as a psychiatric disorder, particularly panic attacks. CASE DESCRIPTION: We present a case of a 17-year old boy who was found to have lesional TLE secondary to a left temporal ganglioglioma, 5 years after having been misdiagnosed with panic disorder and undergone ineffective and unnecessary psychotherapy...
December 27, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287216/the-effectiveness-and-safety-of-lacosamide-in-children-with-epilepsy-in-a-clinical-practice-setting
#6
Francesc Sanmartí-Vilaplana, Asunción Díaz-Gómez
BACKGROUND: Seizures in up to 30% of children with epilepsy become refractory to treatment, decreasing their quality of life. Studies suggest that lacosamide may be effective in pediatric patients with refractory epilepsy. AIMS: To assess the effectiveness and safety of lacosamide in a population of children with mostly focal refractory epilepsy. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of children aged <18years presenting to a single hospital in Spain...
December 26, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280496/silent-aspiration-who-is-at-risk
#7
Priatharisiny Velayutham, Alexandria L Irace, Kosuke Kawai, Pamela Dodrill, Jennifer Perez, Monica Londahl, Lauren Mundy, Natasha D Dombrowski, Reza Rahbar
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of silent aspiration in pediatric patients and identify which diagnoses may be associated with this finding. METHODS: An institutional review board-approved retrospective review was conducted for all patients under the age of 18 who underwent modified barium swallow (MBS) studies at a tertiary children's hospital in 2015. Speech-language pathologists reviewed MBS studies to identify aspiration/silent aspiration on each fluid consistency tested...
December 27, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278548/the-current-place-of-epilepsy-surgery
#8
Jerome Engel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Three randomized controlled trials demonstrate that surgical treatment is safe and effective for drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE), yet fewer than 1% of patients are referred for surgery. This is a review of recent trends in surgical referral for DRE, and advances in the field. Reasons for continued underutilization are discussed. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent series indicate no increase in surgical referral for DRE over the past two decades. One study suggests that decreased referrals to major epilepsy centers can be accounted for by increased referrals to low-volume nonacademic hospitals where results are poorer, and complication rates higher...
December 22, 2017: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276875/drug-reaction-with-eosinophilia-and-systemic-symptoms-in-a-child-on-multiple-antiepileptics
#9
Jyotindra Narayan Goswami, Pankaj C Vaidya, Arushi Gahlot Saini, Dipankar De, Bishan Dass Radotra, Pratibha D Singhi
Goswami JN, Vaidya PC, Saini AG, De D, Radotra BD, Singhi PD. Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms in a child on multiple antiepileptics. Turk J Pediatr 2017; 59: 197-199. Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) is an adverse drug-reaction that may mimic systemic illnesses and have a fulminant presentation. We describe an 8-year-old girl with epilepsy and exposure to multiple anti-epileptics who presented with fever, extensive maculopapular rash, cervical lymphadenopathy, hepatomegaly, progressive anemia and transaminitis...
2017: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249552/pretreatment-cognition-in-patients-diagnosed-with-pediatric-brain-tumors
#10
Elin Irestorm, Sean Perrin, Ingrid Tonning Olsson
BACKGROUND: There is a large body of literature identifying risk factors for the long-term cognitive alterations found in survivors of pediatric brain tumors. Less is known about baseline cognitive functioning in this population, but studies suggest that cognitive dysfunctions are often present at the time of diagnosis. This study aimed to identify potential risk factors for lower cognitive function at the time of pediatric brain tumor diagnosis. METHODS: Participants were children and adolescents (n = 101) diagnosed with a pediatric brain tumor between 2006 and 2015, who underwent a pretreatment neuropsychologic assessment...
November 22, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249512/cognitive-and-behavioral-comorbidities-an-unwanted-effect-of-antiepileptic-drugs-in-children
#11
Adriana Ulate-Campos, Ivan Sánchez Fernández
Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological disorders and, despite optimally chosen and dosed antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), approximately 20%-30% of patients will continue to have seizures. Behavior and cognition are negatively impacted by seizures, but AEDs are also a major contributor to behavioral and cognitive deficits. However, the cognitive and behavioral effect of AEDs in children is insufficiently emphasized in the literature. This review summarizes the cognitive and behavioral effects of AEDs in the pediatric population with the objective of helping pediatricians and pediatric neurologists to select the AEDs with the best profile for their individual patient's needs...
November 2017: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249510/bone-health-and-endocrine-comorbidities-in-pediatric-epilepsy
#12
Nancy A McNamara, Erin Marie Fedak Romanowski, David P Olson, Renee A Shellhaas
Antiseizure medications and dietary therapies have associated effects on the endocrine system. We provided an overview of the relationship between epilepsy treatment and bone health in children with epilepsy. Additionally, we discussed the effects of epilepsy treatment on other endocrine systems including thyroid function, growth, reproduction, and weight. The effect of epilepsy on bone health is multifactorial; there are direct and indirect effects of medication and dietary treatments as well as a decrease in physical activity, decreased sunlight exposure, decreased vitamin D levels, and additional comorbidities...
November 2017: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249508/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-associated-cognitive-dysfunction-in-pediatric-epilepsy
#13
Jorge Vidaurre, Jaime Dawn E Twanow
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most common neuropsychiatric comorbidity associated with childhood epilepsy, affecting about a third of children with epilepsy. In contrast, ADHD in the general population occurs in 4%-12% of school-aged children. The cause of this association remains unclear. It is likely that common mechanisms underlie the vulnerability for both executive deficits and epileptogenesis. There are characteristics unique to children with ADHD and epilepsy. The inattentive type of ADHD is more prevalent than the combined presentation in children with epilepsy, while the combined type is more common in the general population...
November 2017: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249507/neurocognitive-comorbidities-in-pediatric-epilepsy-lessons-in-the-laboratory-and-clinical-profile
#14
Lily H Tran, Mary L Zupanc
Children with epilepsy are at risk for a variety of neurocognitive comorbidities. Animal models have increased our understanding about the neurobiological mechanisms underlying the association between seizures and these comorbidities. This article starts with an overview of the current data on animal model research, studying the influence of early-life seizures, followed by a summary of potential cellular and molecular mechanisms by which seizures can affect cognitive development. We then describe specific abnormal neuropsychological profiles that accompany specific pediatric epilepsy syndromes...
November 2017: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247964/intraindividual-variability-in-attentional-vigilance-in-children-with-epilepsy
#15
Kyle Srnka, Michael Seidenberg, Bruce Hermann, Jana Jones
Attentional vigilance, the ability to maintain focus over time, is frequently impaired in childhood epilepsy. Typically, indices of Omissions (failure to detect a target) and Commissions (responding to a nontarget) are considered primary indices of attentional vigilance. Recently, the concept of intraindividual variability (IIV) has been identified as an important measure of attentional vigilance in several pediatric and adult clinical populations, but has not yet been systematically examined in childhood epilepsy...
December 13, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244100/invasive-insular-sampling-in-pediatric-epilepsy-a-single-institution-experience
#16
Luke D Tomycz, Andrew T Hale, Ali S Haider, Dave F Clarke, Mark R Lee
BACKGROUND: It has been increasingly recognized that the insular cortex plays an important role in frontotemporal-parietal epilepsy in children. The insula, however, cannot be properly interrogated with conventional subdural grids, and its anatomy makes it difficult to implicate the insula with semiology or noninvasive modalities. Frame-based, stereotactic placement of insular depth electrodes for direct extraoperative monitoring is a relatively low-risk maneuver that allows for conclusive interrogation of this region, and, in select cases, can easily be replaced with a laser applicator for minimally invasive treatment via thermoablation...
December 13, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243976/stereotactic-eeg-via-multiple-single-path-omnidirectional-trajectories-within-a-single-platform-institutional-experience-with-a-novel-technique
#17
Michael C Dewan, Robert Shults, Andrew T Hale, Vishad Sukul, Dario J Englot, Peter Konrad, Hong Yu, Joseph S Neimat, William Rodriguez, Benoit M Dawant, Srivatsan Pallavaram, Robert P Naftel
OBJECTIVE Stereotactic electroencephalography (SEEG) is being used with increasing frequency to interrogate subcortical, cortical, and multifocal epileptic foci. The authors describe a novel technique for SEEG in patients with suspected epileptic foci refractory to medical management. METHODS In the authors' technique, standard epilepsy evaluation and neuroimaging are used to create a hypothesis-driven SEEG plan, which informs the 3D printing of a novel single-path, multiple-trajectory, omnidirectional platform...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241678/language-dysfunction-in-pediatric-epilepsy
#18
Fiona M Baumer, Aaron L Cardon, Brenda E Porter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229894/retrospective-review-of-pediatric-status-epilepticus-in-116-saudi-patients-predictors-of-outcome
#19
Raid Harb Hommady, Muhammad Talal Alrifai, Osama Khaled Mubayrik, Ruba Salem Alayed, Muhannad Abdulrahman Alsemari, Ahmed Arumayyan, Waleed Altuwaijri, Duaa Baarmah
BACKGROUND: Status epilepticus (SE) is a common, life-threatening condition. Multiple factors are used to predict its outcome and evaluate its risks, and there have been only a few studies in Saudi Arabia. OBJECTIVES: Investigate predictors of SE outcome. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review study. SETTING: Tertiary center, Riyadh. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed all pediatric cases (age 14 years or younger) of SE admitted between January 2005 and December 2015, collecting data on age, sex, date of birth, developmental status, pre-existing neurological diseases, SE etiology, Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) scores, and electroencephalogram (EEG) findings...
November 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229893/prognostic-factors-for-epilepsy-following-first-febrile-seizure-in-saudi-children
#20
Abdullah I Almojali, Anwar E Ahmed, Muhammed Y Bagha
BACKGROUND: Febrile seizure is the most common convulsive event during childhood, but it is generally considered benign. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the rate of epilepsy after first presentation of febrile seizure and to describe factors that can predispose children to have subsequent epilepsy after their first febrile seizure. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: A tertiary care center in Riyadh. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All children whose first febrile seizure developed between 2009-2012, and who were admitted to the pediatric wards...
November 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
keyword
keyword
2943
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"