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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924286/submental-intubation-in-patients-with-complex-maxillofacial-injuries
#1
Yuseon Cheong, Seong Sik Kang, Minsoo Kim, Hee Jeong Son, Jaewoo Park, Jeong-Mo Kim
Airway management in patients with complex maxillofacial injuries is a challenge to anesthesiologists. Submental intubation is a useful technique that is less invasive than tracheostomy in securing the airways where orotracheal and nasotracheal intubation cannot be performed. This procedure avoids the use of tracheostomy and bypasses its associated morbidities. A flexible and kink-resistant reinforced endotracheal tube with detachable universal connector is commonly used for submental intubation. Herein, we report cases involving submental intubation using a reinforced endotracheal tube with a non-detachable universal connector in patients with complex maxillofacial injuries...
September 2016: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902612/intubation-without-use-of-stylet-for-mcgrath-videolaryngoscopy-in-patients-with-expected-normal-airway-a-randomized-noninferiority-trial
#2
Hyun Jeong Kwak, Sook Young Lee, Su Youn Lee, Yong Beom Kim, Jong Yeop Kim
BACKGROUND: During McGrath videolaryngoscope (VL) intubation, a styletted endotracheal tube maintaining an upward distal tip angle is recommended by some manufacturers. However, a styletted endotracheal tube can elicit rare but potentially serious complications. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate that a nonstyletted tube with exaggerated curvature would be noninferior to a styletted tube for orotracheal intubation using McGrath VL in patients with expected normal airway, by comparing the time to intubation and ease of intubation...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887662/the-effects-of-water-lubrication-of-tracheal-tubes-on-post-intubation-airway-complications-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Eugene Kim, Seong Mi Yang, So Jeong Yoon, Jae-Hyon Bahk, Jeong-Hwa Seo
BACKGROUND: Water is known to have lubricating properties, thus it is used for lubrication of tracheal tubes to reduce airway injuries caused by intubation. However, there is no definite evidence to substantiate the beneficial effects of lubricating tracheal tubes using water for attenuating airway injuries. Moreover, the lubrication pretreatment may cause contamination of the tube, leading to respiratory infections. Therefore, this trial aims to assess whether no pretreatment of tracheal tubes does not increase post-intubation airway complications as compared with water lubrication of tubes...
November 25, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886977/can-submandibular-tracheal-intubation-be-an-alternative-to-tracheotomy-during-surgery-for-major-maxillofacial-fractures
#4
Ahmed Gaber Hassanein, Ahmed M A Abdel Mabood
PURPOSE: During surgery for major maxillofacial fractures, orotracheal intubation can interfere with some surgical procedures and nasal intubation can be contraindicated or impossible. That is why tracheotomy is presented as a solution, although it carries a relatively high incidence of complications. In this study, the use of submandibular tracheal intubation is basically evaluated as an alternative to tracheotomy in such circumstances. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study was performed in patients undergoing surgery for major maxillofacial fractures in which oral intubation and/or nasal intubation have been unsuitable, impossible, or contraindicated...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882535/evaluation-of-three-unchannelled-videolaryngoscopes-and-the-macintosh-laryngoscope-in-patients-with-a-simulated-difficult-airway-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
M Kleine-Brueggeney, M Buttenberg, R Greif, S Nabecker, L Theiler
This prospective randomised, controlled trial compares the performance of three unchannelled videolaryngoscopes (KingVision(™) , Airtraq(™) , A.P. Advance(™) MAC) and the standard Macintosh laryngoscope. With ethics committee approval and written informed consent, 480 patients were included. A difficult airway was created with a cervical collar, limiting mouth opening and neck movement. Primary outcome was first-attempt orotracheal intubation success. Overall success, laryngeal view, intubation difficulty scale, handling, intubation times and side-effects were secondary outcomes...
November 24, 2016: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876327/endotracheal-intubation-with-the-king-laryngeal-tube%C3%A2-in-situ-using-video-laryngoscopy-and-a-bougie-a-retrospective-case-series-and-cadaveric-crossover-study
#6
Kenneth W Dodd, Rebecca L Kornas, Matthew E Prekker, Lauren R Klein, Robert F Reardon, Brian E Driver
BACKGROUND: Removal of a functioning King laryngeal tube (LT) prior to establishing a definitive airway increases the risk of a "can't intubate, can't oxygenate" scenario. We previously described a technique utilizing video laryngoscopy (VL) and a bougie to intubate around a well-seated King LT with the balloons deflated; if necessary, the balloons can be rapidly re-inflated and ventilation resumed. OBJECTIVE: Our objective is to provide preliminary validation of this technique...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871545/fiberoptic-guided-intubation-after-insertion-of-the-i-gel-airway-device-in-spontaneously-breathing-patients-with-difficult-airway-predicted-a-prospective-observational-study
#7
Julian Arévalo-Ludeña, Jose Juan Arcas-Bellas, Rafael Alvarez-Rementería, Luis Enrique Muñoz Alameda
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the viability of performing fiberoptic-guided orotracheal intubation through the i-gel airway device previously inserted in spontaneously breathing patients with predicted difficult airway to achieve a patent airway. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Operating room in a tertiary care hospital. PATIENTS: Eighty-five adult patients with at least 3 difficult airway predictors or difficult airway management history were included...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650719/tracheal-malplacement-of-the-king-lt-airway-may-be-an-important-cause-of-prehospital-device-failure
#8
Brian E Driver, David Plummer, William Heegaard, Robert F Reardon
BACKGROUND: The King LT airway (King Systems, Noblesville, IN) is a popular extraglottic device that is widely used in the prehospital setting. We report a case of tracheal malplacement of the King airway with a severe kink in the distal tube. CASE REPORT: A 51-year-old unhelmeted motorcyclist collided with a freeway median and was obtunded when paramedics arrived. After bag mask ventilation, a King airway was placed uneventfully and the patient was transported to the emergency department...
December 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27519921/new-method-of-preoxygenation-for-orotracheal-intubation-in-patients-with-hypoxaemic-acute-respiratory-failure-in-the-intensive-care-unit-non-invasive-ventilation-combined-with-apnoeic-oxygenation-by-high-flow-nasal-oxygen-the-randomised-optiniv-study-protocol
#9
Samir Jaber, Nicolas Molinari, Audrey De Jong
INTRODUCTION: Tracheal intubation in the intensive care unit (ICU) is associated with severe life-threatening complications including severe hypoxaemia. Preoxygenation before intubation has been recommended in order to decrease such complications. Non-invasive ventilation (NIV)-assisted preoxygenation allows increased oxygen saturation during the intubation procedure, by applying a positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) to prevent alveolar derecruitment. However, the NIV mask has to be taken off after preoxygenation to allow the passage of the tube through the mouth...
August 12, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512169/a-novel-method-of-airway-management-in-a-case-of-penetrating-neck-injury
#10
Malavika Kulkarni, Manjunath Prabhu, Sagar Maddineni
Direct injury to airway is a rare event and also a challenge to anaesthesiologist and surgeon. We present a case report of open tracheal injury with right pneumothorax in a young male following assault with a sharp weapon. In spite of a chest tube in situ, the patient came with collapse of one lung and tachypnoea which required surgical exploration. Lower airway was evaluated by fibre-optic bronchoscopy through the open tracheal wound while he was awake and tracheal tube was passed over the bronchoscope. There was no vascular or oesophageal injury detected...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27468733/a-novel-mouthpiece-prevents-bite-injuries-caused-by-intraoperative-transcranial-electric-motor-evoked-potential-monitoring
#11
Kyoko Oshita, Noboru Saeki, Takayasu Kubo, Hitoshi Abekura, Nobuhiro Tanaka, Masashi Kawamoto
PURPOSE: Intraoperative transcranial motor-evoked potential monitoring causes contraction of the masseter muscles, which may cause injuries to the oral cavity and damage to the orotracheal tube. We developed a mouthpiece made from vinyl-silicone impression material to prevent these injuries. The purpose of this study was to examine its efficacy and safety. METHODS: Twenty-two patients undergoing spinal surgery under transcranial motor-evoked potential monitoring were fitted with bespoke vinyl-silicone mouthpieces by dentists before surgery...
October 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27185696/a-comparison-of-the-i-gel-supraglottic-device-with-endotracheal-intubation-for-bronchoscopic-lung-volume-reduction-coil-treatment
#12
Julian Arevalo-Ludeña, Jose Juan Arcas-Bellas, Rafael Alvarez-Rementería, Javier Flandes, Laura Morís, Luis E Muñoz Alameda
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the use of the I-gel airway with orotracheal intubation (OTI) for bronchoscopic lung volume reduction (BLVR) coil treatment in patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with heterogeneous emphysema, since it has been proved that supraglottic airways have lower incidence of postoperative respiratory complaints compared to OTI. DESIGN: A comparative, prospective observational study was designed to assess the use of the I-gel airway compared with the OTI...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27185684/the-comparison-of-insertion-depth-for-orotracheal-intubation-between-standard-polyvinyl-chloride-tracheal-tubes-and-straight-reinforced-tracheal-tubes
#13
Jung-Eun Kim, Sung-Wook Park, Jong-Man Kang
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether these properties of reinforced tubes cause difference in insertion depth compared to standard polyvinyl chloride tracheal tubes. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Operation room. MATERIALS: Standard polyvinyl chloride tracheal tubes, reinforced tubes. INTERVENTIONS: Seventy-six adult patients undergoing surgery under general anesthesia were randomly allocated with standard tube (n=38) or reinforced tube (n=38) intubation...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27163890/simple-and-fast-orotracheal-intubation-procedure-in-rats
#14
Giovanni Tomasello, Francesco Damiani, Giovanni Cassata, Vincenzo Davide Palumbo, Emanuele Sinagra, Provvidenza Damiani, Antonino Bruno, Luca Cicero, Francesco Cupido, Francesco Carini, Attilio Ignazio Lo Monte
INTRODUCTION: Endotracheal intubation in the rat is difficult because of the extremely small size of anatomical structures (oral cavity, epiglottis and vocal cords), small inlet for an endotracheal tube and the lack of proper technical instruments. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this study we used seventy rats weighting 400-500 g. The equipment needed for the intubation was an operating table, a longish of cotton, a cotton tip, orotracheal tube, neonatal laryngoscope blades, KTR4 small animal ventilator and isoflurane for inhalation anaesthesia...
2016: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27054871/video-laryngoscope-a-boon-for-airway-management-in-severe-facial-trauma
#15
Shailendra Kumar, Sweta Singh, Nilesh Kumar, Surya Kumar Dube
We report the use of video laryngoscope for the exchange of orotracheal tube to nasotracheal tube needed for mandibular repair in a case of oromaxillofacial injury.
January 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27015201/identifying-and-managing-a-malpositioned-endotracheal-tube-bite-block-in-an-orotracheally-intubated-patient-a-case-report
#16
Hui-Ling Chou, Sheng-Yuan Ruan, Huey-Dong Wu
The universal bite block is increasingly used in orotracheally intubated patients. Here, we report a case of pilot tube dysfunction caused by a malpositioned universal bite block in an orotracheally intubated patient. We summarize the key points on identifying and managing a malpositioned universal bite block from this case and literature review.A 74-year-old woman was emergently intubated during an episode of hyperkalemia-related cardiac arrest. A universal bite block was used for fixing the endotracheal tube...
March 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26957708/a-modified-submental-orotracheal-intubation
#17
Keelara Shivalingaiah Savitha, Abha Rani Kujur, M S Vikram, Shirley Joseph
In patients with concomitant occurrence of maxillofacial and basilar skull fractures, open reduction and internal fixation is the treatment. It requires intermittent intra operative dental occlusion which precludes oral or nasal intubation. In such cases submental intubation (SMI) is a recognized technique in practice. We describe a modified technique for smooth exteriorization of the endotracheal tube (ETT) during SMI. As the SMI technique is unusual for the performer, emphasis is laid on the applied aspects to minimize probable complications during the procedure...
January 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26776367/efficacious-and-safe-orotracheal-intubation-for-laboratory-mice-using-slim-torqueable-guidewire-based-technique-comparisons-between-a-modified-and-a-conventional-method
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Chieh-Shou Su, Hui-Chin Lai, Chih-Yen Wang, Wen-Lieng Lee, Kuo-Yang Wang, Ya-Ling Yang, Li-Chun Wang, Chia-Ning Liu, Tsun-Jui Liu
BACKGROUND: Tracheal intubation of laboratory mice remains essential yet challenging for most researchers. The aim of this study was to investigate whether this procedure can be more efficiently and safely accomplished by a novel method using slim and torqueable guidewires to guide access to the trachea. METHODS: This study was carried out in an animal laboratory affiliated to a tertiary medical center. Mice weighing 22 to 28 g were subjected to various open-chest experiments after being anesthetized with intraperitoneal ketamine (100 mg/kg) and lidocaine hydrochloride (10 mg/kg)...
January 18, 2016: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26595709/use-of-endotracheal-tubes-with-subglottic-secretion-drainage-reduces-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-in-trauma-patients
#19
Jennifer L Hubbard, Wade L Veneman, Rachel C Dirks, James W Davis, Krista L Kaups
BACKGROUND: Patients sustaining traumatic injuries have a higher incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) compared with other critically ill patient populations. Previous studies of patients with predominantly medical diagnoses and use of endotracheal tubes allowing subglottic secretion drainage (ETT-SSD) have shown significant reduction in VAP rates. We hypothesized that the use of ETT-SSD would reduce VAP in trauma patients. METHODS: A retrospective review from 2010 to 2014 of adult trauma patients orotracheally intubated for more than 48 hours was performed at a Level 1 trauma center...
February 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26553090/impending-complete-airway-obstruction-from-a-reinforced-orotracheal-tube-a-case-report
#20
Nima Hosseinzadeh, Shahram Samadi, Mihan Jafari Javid, Alireza Takzare
Reinforced tubes are commonly used to minimize the opportunity of upper airway obstruction in patients at risk. There are a few reports of the airway obstruction resulted from kinked reinforced tubes. This report describes the obstruction of a reinforced tube in an adult patient who underwent tonsillectomy. Under general anesthesia; an armoured endotracheal tube was inserted into the trachea uneventfully. A few minutes after starting the surgery, the anesthesia machine detected a high airway pressure and an increased ETCO2 (end-tidal CO2) up to 50 mmHg...
2015: Acta Medica Iranica
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