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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777601/-informed-consent-something-unresolved-in-the-penitentiary-setting
#1
Julio García Guerrero
INTRODUCTION: The exercise of Informed Consent within the penitentiary environment contradicts the ordinary exercise of the same towards the rest of the population. METHODOLOGY: review of legal regulations and constitutional doctrine on IC. Review of the judicial outcomes when a prisoner refuses medical treatment. RESULTS: Normative on IC (Ley 41/2002 y Convenio de Oviedo, Spanish legal framework): with the exception of cases in which IC cannot be taken or under the risk of causong damage to third parties, competent and capable persons can decide over their life and health, and such decisions need to be respected...
May 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767436/police-interactions-and-interventions-with-suspects-flagged-as-experiencing-mental-health-problems
#2
Eddie Kane, Emily Evans, Jurgen Mitsch, Tahseen Jilani, Philip Quinlan, Jack Cattell, Najat Khalifa
BACKGROUND: Interactions between individuals experiencing mental health (MH) problems and the police are complex, and effectiveness of innovative support and diversion models in England and Wales not yet fully evaluated. AIMS/HYPOTHESES: Our aims were to examine police interactions with suspects and to measure the immediate effectiveness of police/NHS MH interventions, including liaison and diversion and embedded staff in police contact and control rooms. We hypothesised that those with an MH flag would have significantly greater benefit from such interventions than those without in terms of how far they are taken down the criminal justice pathway and how long they spend in police custody...
May 16, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764321/the-patient-to-prisoner-pipeline-the-imd-exclusion-s-adverse-impact-on-mass-incarceration-in-united-states
#3
Michael E Onah
A component of the 1965 Medicaid Act, the Institutions for Mental Diseases ("IMD") Exclusion was supposed to be a remedy for the brutal, dysfunctional mental healthcare system run through state hospitals. In the years since Medicaid was created, the IMD Exclusion has instead barred thousands of those in need of intensive, inpatient treatment from receiving it. As a result, many severely mentally ill individuals are left without adequate care and without a home. They struggle in the street where they are otherized by those in their community and are susceptible to confrontational episodes with law enforcement...
March 2018: American Journal of Law & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751987/unmet-mental-health-and-social-service-needs-of-formerly-incarcerated-women-living-with-hiv-in-the-deep-south
#4
David W Pantalone, Michael L Scanlon, Shelley M Brown, Bharathi Radhakrishnan, Courtenay Sprague
Due to the disproportionate burden of HIV among incarcerated women in the United States, jails and prisons have been identified as key sites for health service delivery. Recidivism remains high, potentially reflecting unmet mental health and social service needs of incarcerated women, especially during the postrelease adjustment period. However, little published research has investigated this possibility directly. We conducted semi-structured, in-depth interviews with previously incarcerated women living with HIV, and other key informants, and completed service-availability mapping in two Alabama cities...
April 18, 2018: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751763/harm-reduction-and-viral-hepatitis-c-in-european-prisons-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-25-countries
#5
Rob Bielen, Samya R Stumo, Rachel Halford, Klára Werling, Tatjana Reic, Heino Stöver, Geert Robaeys, Jeffrey V Lazarus
BACKGROUND: Current estimates suggest that 15% of all prisoners worldwide are chronically infected with the hepatitis C virus (HCV), and this number is even higher in regions with high rates of injecting drug use. Although harm reduction services such as opioid substitution therapy (OST) and needle and syringe programs (NSPs) are effective in preventing the further spread of HCV and HIV, the extent to which these are available in prisons varies significantly across countries. METHODS: The Hep-CORE study surveyed liver patient groups from 25 European countries in 2016 and mid-2017 on national policies related to harm reduction, testing/screening, and treatment for HCV in prison settings...
May 11, 2018: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746635/smoking-in-correctional-settings-worldwide-prevalence-bans-and-interventions
#6
Anne C Spaulding, Gloria D Eldridge, Cynthia E Chico, Nancy Morisseau, Ana Drobeniuc, Rebecca Fils-Aime, Carolyn Day, Robyn Hopkins, Xingzhong Jin, Junyu Chen, Kate A Dolan
Smoking tobacco contributes to 11.5% of deaths worldwide and, in some countries, more hospitalizations than alcohol and drugs combined. Globally in 2015, 25% of men and 5% of women smoked. In the United States, a higher proportion of people in prison smoke than do community-dwelling individuals. To determine smoking prevalence in prisons worldwide, we systematically reviewed the literature using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines; we also examined whether prisons banned smoking or treated smokers...
May 8, 2018: Epidemiologic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739400/prevalence-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-among-prisoners-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Masoud Behzadifar, Hasan Abolghasem Gorji, Aziz Rezapour, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is one of the major public health problems both in developed and developing countries. Prison represents a high-risk environment for prisoners, in that it is characterized by high-risk behaviors such as injecting drug use (IDU), tattooing, unprotected sexual intercourses, or sharing syringes. The aim of this study was to quantitatively evaluate the prevalence of HCV among Iranian prisoners conducting a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: We searched different scholarly databases including Embase, PubMed/MEDLINE, ISI/Web of Sciences, the Cochrane library, Scopus, CINAHL, and PsycINFO as well as Iranian bibliographic thesauri (namely, Barakatns, MagIran, and SID) up to December 2017...
May 9, 2018: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738900/multimorbidity-patterns-and-associations-with-functional-limitations-among-an-aging-population-in-prison
#8
Madison L Gates, Elizabeth G Hunter, Vivian Dicks, Peace N Jessa, Veronica Walker, Wonsuk Yoo
OBJECTIVES: Co-occurring chronic diseases are associated with functional limitations, particularly for the aging population ≥50 years old. Aging offenders (individual who are imprisoned) tend to have greater prevalence of chronic, mental health, and substance use disorders compared to non-imprisoned populations. Our primary aim was to determine patterns of co-occurring conditions associated with functional limitations among aging offenders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included all male offenders from one correctional system who were ≥50 years old (n = 2270) and extracted diagnoses for chronic diseases, mental health, substance use disorders, and functional limitations from an electronic health record...
April 2, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737273/treatment-outcomes-of-brazilian-inmates-with-treponema-pallidum-and-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-a-prospective-cohort-study
#9
Graciela Mendonça Dos Santos Bet, Gleyce Hellen de Almeida de Souza, Júlio Croda, Maísa Estopa Correa, Romário Oliveira de Sales, Ruthe Aline da Silva Santos, Renata Viebrantz Enne Sgarbi, Renata Terumi Shiguematsu Yassuda, Ana Rita Castro Mota Coimbra, Maurício Antônio Pompílio, Simone Simionatto
A prospective cohort study was conducted to evaluate the incidence and treatment outcomes of syphilis and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in inmates from Central Brazil. In 2013, 3,363 inmates from 12 prisons in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul were recruited, and 1,614 remained incarcerated after 1 year. The inmates were interviewed, and blood samples were collected for serological testing for Treponema pallidum and HIV infections. Inmates infected with T. pallidum or HIV within the first year were assessed for treatment using prison medical record data, based on Venereal Disease Research Laboratory test results, HIV-1 viral load, and CD4 counts...
May 7, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733380/systematic-review-of-factors-influencing-smoking-following-release-from-smoke-free-prisons
#10
Cheneal Puljevic, Catherine J Segan
Introduction: Given the current proliferation of prison smoke-free policies internationally, and the multiple benefits of continued smoking abstinence for correctional populations, improved understanding of factors influencing post-release smoking abstinence is required to inform support strategies aimed at individuals exiting smoke-free prisons. Methods: We systematically searched health, social science, and criminal justice databases for studies relating to smoking behaviours among people released from smoke-free prisons...
May 4, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733373/substance-use-and-recidivism-outcomes-for-prison-based-drug-and-alcohol-interventions
#11
Dominique de Andrade, Jessica Ritchie, Michael Rowlands, Emily Mann, Leanne Hides
We conducted a systematic review to examine the substance use and recidivism outcomes of prison-based substance use interventions. We searched public health, criminology, and psychology databases, and conducted forward and backward snowballing methods to identify additional studies. Studies were included if they were published between January 1, 2000 and June 30, 2017; were published in English; and reported substance use and/or recidivism outcomes of prison-based substance use interventions. Studies were reviewed for methodological rigor using the Effective Public Health Practice Project's Quality Assessment Tool for Quantitative Studies...
May 4, 2018: Epidemiologic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732982/prevalence-of-tuberculosis-in-a-prison-in-tehran-by-active-case-finding
#12
Behnam Farhoudi, SeyedAhmad SeyedAlinaghi, Mostafa Hosseini, Fatemeh Golsoorat Pahlaviani, Mona Mohammadi Firouzeh, Mohammad Shahbazi, Minoo Mohraz
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis [TB] is one of the most contagious infection diseases among prisoners. TB Screening plays an important role in prevention among prisoners and their visitors, also better caring of the patients. Active case findings is one of screening methods that is relatively an easy one to find TB suspected prisoners. METHODS: This study was conducted among male prisoners in Great Prison of Tehran to screen and diagnose TB patients from October 2013 to May 2014...
May 7, 2018: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728898/perceptions-of-health-related-community-reentry-challenges-among-incarcerated-drug-users-in-azerbaijan-kyrgyzstan-and-ukraine
#13
Julia Rozanova, Olga Morozova, Lyuba Azbel, Chethan Bachireddy, Jacob M Izenberg, Tetiana Kiriazova, Sergiy Dvoryak, Frederick L Altice
Facing competing demands with limited resources following release from prison, people who inject drugs (PWID) may neglect health needs, with grave implications including relapse, overdose, and non-continuous care. We examined the relative importance of health-related tasks after release compared to tasks of everyday life among a total sample of 577 drug users incarcerated in Ukraine, Azerbaijan, and Kyrgyzstan. A proxy measure of whether participants identified a task as applicable (easy or hard) versus not applicable was used to determine the importance of each task...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727340/in-a-spirit-of-restoration-a-phenomenology-of-nursing-practice-and-the-criminal-justice-system
#14
Geraldine Gorman, Rebecca M Singer, Erin Christmas, Catherine Herbstritt, Layne Miller, Mary Murphy, Cailan Shannon, Katrina Wyss
Conditions within jails and prisons are a public health crisis, necessitating critical reform measures. An innovative collaboration between a Midwestern College of Nursing and Cook County Department of Corrections provides students with the opportunity to develop health education for both those detained in the jail and the corrections officers. A phenomenological approach, recognizing the importance of intuitive and cognitive understanding, is offered as a framework for practice in complex environments. Principles of restorative justice provide a bridge between primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention and the nursing practice possible within these institutions of incarceration and the communities to which people return...
April 2018: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724334/-overview-of-the-health-care-of-elderly-prisoners
#15
REVIEW
Catherine Martineau, Laurence Pineau, Jean-Pierre Bouchard, Sophie Gromb-Monnoyeur
The prison population is ageing. Caregivers are having to work in an environment which is unsuited to the care of elderly prisoners. The French law of 18 January 1994 relating to public health and social protection, radically changed the health care provision for people in prisons. The methodological guide relating to their care constitutes a valuable aid to its application. Since then, various laws have been modified by the Code of Criminal Procedure, improving the way the health status of prisoners in general and elderly prisoners in particular is taken into account...
May 2018: Soins. Gérontologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723782/a-grounded-theory-of-successful-aging-among-select-incarcerated-older-filipino-women
#16
Heizel Mae Lucas, Carl James Lozano, Les Paul Valdez, Rowena Manzarate, Fortuna Angelli Jolyn Lumawag
BACKGROUND: Across the literature, impairment and disability among the older people have been associated with a decline in meeting their special needs. Failure in meeting such needs may cause deterioration of function and threaten successful aging. Accordingly, successful aging studies were carried out among males, in health care institutions, and in communities. In spite of these, the process by which successful aging is experienced by incarcerated older women remains to be a blank spot in research...
April 20, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718088/editorial-synthesizing-the-evidence-on-prisoner-health-taking-stock-and-moving-forward
#17
Seena Fazel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701936/the-impact-of-captivity-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-on-cognitive-performance-among-former-prisoners-of-war-a-longitudinal-study
#18
Roy Aloni, Laura Crompton, Yafit Levin, Zahava Solomon
OBJECTIVE: War captivity is a potent pathogen for various aspects of mental health, including cognitive impairments. However, little is known about the long-term impact of war captivity and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on cognitive functioning among former prisoners of war (ex-POWs). This study assesses the effect of captivity, PTSD trajectories, and the accumulating differential effect in the prediction of cognitive performance. METHODS: This longitudinal research includes 4 assessments (1991 [T1], 2003 [T2], 2008 [T3], 2015 [T4]) of Israeli ex-POWs and comparable combatants from the 1973 Yom Kippur War...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697744/the-names-have-been-changed-to-protect-the-humanity-person-first-language-in-correctional-health-epidemiology
#19
Precious S Bedell, Anne C Spaulding, Marvin So, Jennifer C Sarrett
After objections surfaced following a call for papers on "Prisoner Health," the editors of Epidemiologic Reviews decided to rename this year's volume "Incarceration and Health." In this commentary, we trace the origins of person-first language and explain why using appropriate terms in correctional health, including correctional health epidemiology, matters. We discuss the potential consequences of person-first language for justice-involved individuals and how inclusive language might affect the social, emotional, and physical well-being of individuals, families, and communities...
April 25, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697522/living-with-dementia-in-correctional-settings-a-case-report
#20
Shelley Peacock, Alexandra Hodson, Rhoda MacRae, Cindy Peternelj-Taylor
The prison population is aging at an alarming rate and many older persons have the potential to develop dementia while in prison. This case report aims to explore the needs of older people living with dementia in prison and discusses the interventions that exist to address these needs. As the condition progresses, persons with dementia become increasingly reliant on the support of others for their health and well-being because of the increasing complexity of physical healthcare and psychosocial needs. Very few interventions are cited in the research literature regarding the use, acceptability, and/or effectiveness of programming for people living with dementia in prison...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
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