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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926560/hiv-and-hcv-in-u-s-prisons-and-jails-the-correctional-facility-as-a-bellwether-over-time-for-the-community-s-infections
#1
Anne C Spaulding, Emeli J Anderson, Mohammed A Khan, Cesar A Taborda-Vidarte, Jennifer A Phillips
Screening and treating correctional populations for HIV and HCV infections is essential to successfully addressing both epidemics in the USA. The prevalence of HIV and HCV infection is high in prisons and jails due to increased rates of incarceration among disproportionately affected groups such as injection drug users. Through a search of the published and grey literature and surveying persons overseeing health programs in prisons, we collected data on efforts to determine prevalence first for HIV and then for HCV...
September 19, 2017: AIDS Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919592/the-study-on-the-lives-and-health-conditions-of-internees-in-santo-thomas-camp-of-philippines-based-on-mcanlis-s-the-war-in-manila-1941-1945
#2
Jueyeon Lee, Youngsoo Cho
When Japan invaded the Philippines, two missionary dentists (Dr. McAnlis and Dr. Boots) who were forced to leave Korea were captured and interned in the Santo Thomas camp in Manila. Japan continued to bombard and plunder the Philippines in the wake of the Pacific War following the Great East Asia policy, leading to serious inflation and material deficiency. More than 4,000 Allied citizens held in Santo Thomas camp without basic food and shelter. Santo Thomas Camp was equipped with the systems of the Japanese military medical officers and Western doctors of captivity based on the Geneva Conventions(1929)...
August 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914521/health-care-in-and-out-of-prison
#3
Samantha Scotti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: State Legislatures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914122/improving-health-in-prisons-from-evidence-to-policy-to-implementation-experiences-from-the-uk
#4
Jane Leaman, Anna Amelia Richards, Lynn Emslie, Eamonn Joseph O'Moore
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to understand the components of a high-quality prison healthcare system and the impact, ten-years on, of the transfer of accountability in England, from a justice ministry to a health ministry. Design/methodology/approach A rapid the evidence review was undertaken, which included a review of 82 papers and qualitative interviews with key informants. The concepts and themes identified were summarised and analysed through a framework analysis, designed to improve population outcomes and address health inequalities...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914118/universal-opt-out-screening-for-hepatitis-c-virus-hcv-within-correctional-facilities-is-an-effective-intervention-to-improve-public-health
#5
Meghan D Morris, Brandon Brown, Scott A Allen
Purpose Worldwide efforts to identify individuals infected with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) focus almost exclusively on community healthcare systems, thereby failing to reach high-risk populations and those with poor access to primary care. In the USA, community-based HCV testing policies and guidelines overlook correctional facilities, where HCV rates are believed to be as high as 40 percent. This is a missed opportunity: more than ten million Americans move through correctional facilities each year. Herein, the purpose of this paper is to examine HCV testing practices in the US correctional system, California and describe how universal opt-out HCV testing could expand early HCV detection, improve public health in correctional facilities and communities, and prove cost-effective over time...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905731/what-does-health-justice-look-like-for-people-returning-from-incarceration
#6
Lisa Puglisi, Joseph P Calderon, Emily A Wang
Access to health care is a constitutional right in the United States correctional system, and many incarcerated adults are newly diagnosed with chronic diseases in prison. Despite this right, the quality of correctional health care is variable, largely unmeasured and unregulated, and characterized by patients' widespread distrust of a health system that is intimately tied to a punitive criminal justice system. Upon release, discontinuity of care is the norm, and when continuity is established, it is often hindered by distrust, discrimination, poor communication, and racism in the health system...
September 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899394/a-two-state-comparative-implementation-of-peer-support-intervention-to-link-veterans-to-health-related-services-after-incarceration-a-study-protocol
#7
Molly M Simmons, Benjamin G Fincke, Mari-Lynn Drainoni, Bo Kim, Tom Byrne, David Smelson, Kevin Casey, Marsha L Ellison, Christy Visher, Jessica Blue-Howells, D Keith McInnes
BACKGROUND: Approximately 600,000 persons are released from prison annually in the United States. Relatively few receive sufficient re-entry services and are at risk for unemployment, homelessness, poverty, substance abuse relapse and recidivism. Persons leaving prison who have a mental illness and/or a substance use disorder are particularly challenged. This project aims to create a peer mentor program to extend the reach and effectiveness of reentry services provided by the Department of Veterans' Affairs (VA)...
September 12, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898963/job-demands-resources-and-mental-health-in-uk-prison-officers
#8
G Kinman, A J Clements, J Hart
Background: Research findings indicate that working as a prison officer can be highly stressful, but the aspects of work that predict their mental health status are largely unknown. Aims: To examine, using elements of the demands-resources model, the extent to which work pressure and several potential resources (i.e. control, support from managers and co-workers, role clarity, effective working relationships and positive change management) predict mental health in a sample of UK prison officers...
August 1, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893844/accuracy-and-predictive-value-of-incarcerated-adults-accounts-of-their-self-harm-histories-findings-froman-australian-prospective-data-linkage-study
#9
Rohan Borschmann, Jesse T Young, Paul Moran, Matthew J Spittal, Kathryn Snow, Katherine Mok, Stuart A Kinner
BACKGROUND: Self-harm is prevalent in prison populations and is a well-established risk factor for suicide. Researchers typically rely on self-report to measure self-harm, yet the accuracy and predictive value of self-report in prison populations is unclear. Using a large, representative sample of incarcerated men and women, we aimed to examine the level of agreement between self-reported self-harm history and historical medical records, and investigate the association between self-harm history and medically verified self-harm after release from prison...
September 11, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886958/use-of-psychoactive-substances-in-prison-results-of-a-study-in-the-lyon-corbas-prison-france
#10
F Sahajian, A Berger-Vergiat, E Pot
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In prison, in 2012, according to various sources, from 4 to 56% of the European inmate population used psychoactive substances (PAS). The aim of our study was to describe PAS consumption during incarceration in the prison of Lyon-Corbas, France. METHOD: A transversal descriptive study was conducted between September 23rd and September 27th 2013 among all inmates of this prison. We used an anonymous self-administered questionnaire, distributed at lunchtime and collected, the same day, at dinnertime, by the mental health service personnel...
September 5, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871838/availability-of-health-related-programs-in-private-and-public-prisons
#11
Valerio Baćak, Greg Ridgeway
Little is known about the resources available to protect inmates' health in private prisons compared to their public counterparts. This is the first national-level study that exclusively examined the availability of health-related programs in private and public prisons in the United States. We applied propensity score weighting and doubly robust estimation to compare private prisons to comparable public prisons. Data were self-reported by prison administrators as part of the 2005 Census of State and Federal Adult Correctional Facilities...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866723/resilience-as-a-predicator-of-mental-health-of-incarcerated-women
#12
Ewa Sygit-Kowalkowska, Justyna Szrajda, Magdalena Weber-Rajek, Krzysztof Porażyński, Marcin Ziółkowski
OBJECTIVES: Serving a prison sentence is an experience that bears the hallmarks of a trauma. Scientific findings on how people handle traumatic The aim of the following research was to analyze the way in which psychological resilience differentiates mental states of incarcerated women and to identify the predicator of mental well-being in this group.experiences show that there are numerous personal and social resources that allow for better adaptation. One of the concepts used to describe the process reflecting relatively good adaptation is psychological resilience...
June 18, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857326/mental-disorder-and-victimisation-in-prison-examining-the-role-of-mental-health-treatment
#13
Jane C Daquin, Leah E Daigle
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that people with mental disorders are at increased risk of victimisation in prison. It is unclear whether this risk of victimisation varies across types of disorders or symptoms and what role mental health treatment has on victimisation risk in this context. AIMS: To examine the relationship between specific mental disorders, psychiatric symptoms, and victimisation in prison and the effect of treatment for the disorders on victimisation risk...
August 31, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857283/learning-about-a-new-kind-of-cell-sexual-health-and-service-learning-in-prison
#14
Jennifer Desrosiers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 30, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852561/barred-from-better-medicine-reexamining-regulatory-barriers-to-the-inclusion-of-prisoners-in-research
#15
Elaine Huang, Jacqueline Cauley, Jennifer K Wagner
In 2015, President Obama announced plans for the Precision Medicine Initiative(®) (PMI), an ambitious longitudinal project aimed at revolutionizing medicine. Integral to this Initiative is the recruitment of over one million Americans into a volunteer research cohort, the All of Us(SM) Research Program. The announcement has generated much excitement but absent is a discussion of how the All of Us Research Program-to be implemented within the context of social realities of mass incarcerations and racial disparities in criminal justice and healthcare-might excaberate health disparities...
April 2017: Journal of Law and the Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844810/-respiratory-diseases-in-black-african-carceral-area
#16
Y Toloba, D Soumaré, K Ouattara, T Kanouté, O Boré, O Dolo, B Baya, G Berthé, S Diallo
INTRODUCTION: The measures for people in specific situations such as prisoners are part of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The objective of this study was to assess respiratory pathologies in a black African carceral center. METHODS: Retrospective study about the prevalence of respiratory pathologies in the arrest central house for men in Bamako (Mali), from May 2012 to April 2013. The admission records have served as data checking support on detainee's records...
August 24, 2017: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838893/impact-of-family-friendly-prison-policies-on-health-justice-and-child-protection-outcomes-for-incarcerated-mothers-and-their-dependent-children-a-cohort-study-protocol
#17
Helen Myers, Leonie Segal, Derrick Lopez, Ian W Li, David B Preen
INTRODUCTION: Female imprisonment has numerous health and social sequelae for both women prisoners and their children. Examples of comprehensive family-friendly prison policies that seek to improve the health and social functioning of women prisoners and their children exist but have not been evaluated. This study will determine the impact of exposure to a family-friendly prison environment on health, child protection and justice outcomes for incarcerated mothers and their dependent children...
August 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837558/the-prevalence-and-incidence-of-active-syphilis-in-women-in-morocco-1995-2016-model-based-estimation-and-implications-for-sti-surveillance
#18
Aziza Bennani, Amina El-Kettani, Amina Hançali, Houssine El-Rhilani, Kamal Alami, Mohamed Youbi, Jane Rowley, Laith Abu-Raddad, Alex Smolak, Melanie Taylor, Guy Mahiané, John Stover, Eline L Korenromp
BACKGROUND: Evolving health priorities and resource constraints mean that countries require data on trends in sexually transmitted infections (STI) burden, to inform program planning and resource allocation. We applied the Spectrum STI estimation tool to estimate the prevalence and incidence of active syphilis in adult women in Morocco over 1995 to 2016. The results from the analysis are being used to inform Morocco's national HIV/STI strategy, target setting and program evaluation. METHODS: Syphilis prevalence levels and trends were fitted through logistic regression to data from surveys in antenatal clinics, women attending family planning clinics and other general adult populations, as available post-1995...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837501/social-identity-and-the-prison-health-worker-implications-for-practitioner-satisfaction-and-turnover-intentions
#19
Amber L Stephenson, Nicolette Bell
BACKGROUND: Delivering health care within the prison walls poses distinct and arduous challenges to the practitioner. Correctional health workers regularly face issues of overcrowding, increased prevalence of infectious disease, advancing age, deteriorating conditions, and patients with an inclination for violence. Still, regardless of the sizeable workforce, costs, and impact on community well-being, correctional health is often overlooked in health services delivery research. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to better understand the unique nature of delivering services in the prison context through the lens of social identity theory and further explore practitioner satisfaction and retention...
August 23, 2017: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835980/can-routine-data-from-prisoners-files-be-used-to-estimate-prevalence-rates-of-illicit-drug-use-among-prisoners
#20
Beatrice Annaheim, Tenzin Wangmo, Wiebke Bretschneider, Marc Vogel, Bernice S Elger
OBJECTIVES: The paper examines whether routine data from prisoners' files is a useful basis to estimate prevalence rates of illicit drug use among prisoners. METHODS: Medico-legal files of 190 younger (20-49 years) and 190 older (50-75 years) male prisoners from 13 prisons in Switzerland were analysed. Indications of illicit drug use were extracted based on recorded legal measures, notes from health care professionals, diagnoses related to the use of illicit substances, prescribed medications, other treatment indicators, and results from mandatory drug tests in prison...
August 23, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
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