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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130493/trajectories-of-resting-frontal-brain-activity-and-psychopathology-in-female-adolescents-exposed-to-child-maltreatment
#1
Alva Tang, Vladimir Miskovic, Ayelet Lahat, Masako Tanaka, Harriet MacMillan, Ryan J Van Lieshout, Louis A Schmidt
Resting frontal electroencephalogram (EEG) alpha asymmetry patterns reflecting different affective and motivational tendencies have been proposed as a putative mechanism underlying resilience among maltreated youth. This 2-year prospective study examined whether developmental stability of resting frontal alpha asymmetry moderated the relation between child maltreatment severity and psychopathology in female adolescents (n = 43; ages 12-16) recruited from child protection agencies. Results identified two trajectories of resting frontal asymmetry: 60...
November 12, 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111113/understanding-the-relationship-between-brain-and-upper-limb-function-in-children-with-unilateral-motor-impairments-a-multimodal-approach
#2
Maya Weinstein, Dido Green, Julian Rudisch, Ingar M Zielinski, Marta Benthem-Muñiz, Marijtje L A Jongsma, Verity McClelland, Bert Steenbergen, Shelly Shiran, Dafna Ben Bashat, Gareth J Barker
Atypical brain development and early brain injury have profound and long lasting impact on the development, skill acquisition, and subsequent independence of a child. Heterogeneity is present at the brain level and at the motor level; particularly with respect to phenomena of bilateral activation and mirrored movements (MMs). In this multiple case study we consider the feasibility of using several modalities to explore the relationship between brain structure and/or activity and hand function: Electroencephalography (EEG), both structural and functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (sMRI, fMRI), diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), Electromyography (EMG) and hand function assessments...
October 12, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099542/chloral-hydrate-as-a-sedating-agent-for-neurodiagnostic-procedures-in-children
#3
REVIEW
Choong Yi Fong, Chee Geap Tay, Lai Choo Ong, Nai Ming Lai
BACKGROUND: Paediatric neurodiagnostic investigations, including brain neuroimaging and electroencephalography (EEG), play an important role in the assessment of neurodevelopmental disorders. The use of an appropriate sedative agent is important to ensure the successful completion of the neurodiagnostic procedures, particularly in children, who are usually unable to remain still throughout the procedure. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and adverse effects of chloral hydrate as a sedative agent for non-invasive neurodiagnostic procedures in children...
November 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070031/17q23-2q23-3-de-novo-duplication-in-association-with-speech-and-language-disorder-learning-difficulties-incoordination-motor-skill-impairment-and-behavioral-disturbances-a-case-report
#4
Karen Wessel, Jehan Suleiman, Tamam E Khalaf, Shivendra Kishore, Arndt Rolfs, Ayman W El-Hattab
BACKGROUND: Chromosomal rearrangements involving 17q23 have been described rarely. Deletions at 17q23.1q23.2 have been reported in individuals with developmental delay and growth retardation, whereas duplications at 17q23.1q23.2 appear to segregate with clubfoot. Dosage alterations in the TBX2 and TBX4 genes, located in 17q23.2, have been proposed to be responsible for the phenotypes observed in individuals with 17q23.1q23.2 deletions and duplications. In this report, we present the clinical phenotype of a child with a previously unreported de novo duplication at 17q23...
October 25, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986982/eeg-for-children-with-complex-febrile-seizures
#5
REVIEW
Pankaj B Shah, Saji James, S Elayaraja
BACKGROUND: Febrile seizures can be classified as simple or complex. Complex febrile seizures are associated with fever that lasts longer than 15 minutes, occur more than once within 24 hours, and are confined to one side of the child's body. It is common in some countries for doctors to recommend an electroencephalograph (EEG) for children with complex febrile seizures. A limited evidence base is available to support the use of EEG and its timing after complex febrile seizures among children...
October 7, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982711/sudden-death-after-febrile-seizure-case-report-cerebral-suppression-precedes-severe-bradycardia
#6
Kenneth A Myers, Robyn E McPherson, Robin Clegg, Jeffrey Buchhalter
A 20-month-old girl with a complex chromosomal disorder had first presentation of febrile status epilepticus and was admitted to the hospital. Two days after her initial seizure, she died suddenly and unexpectedly during a video EEG monitoring study. An advanced analysis of the physiologic changes in the hours and minutes leading up to death was undertaken. The electrocardiography over the last 19 minutes of life was reviewed, and the R-R intervals were manually measured. Heart rate variability was assessed through calculation of the SD of the R-R intervals and the root mean square of successive differences over successive 100 beat periods...
November 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972396/intranasal-nerve-growth-factor-administration-improves-cerebral-functions-in-a-child-with-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-a-case-report
#7
Antonio Chiaretti, Giorgio Conti, Benedetto Falsini, Danilo Buonsenso, Matteo Crasti, Luigi Manni, Marzia Soligo, Claudia Fantacci, Orazio Genovese, Maria Lucia Calcagni, Daniela Di Giuda, Maria Vittoria Mattoli, Fabrizio Cocciolillo, Pietro Ferrara, Antonio Ruggiero, Susanna Staccioli, Giovanna Stefania Colafati, Riccardo Riccardi
BACKGROUND: Nerve growth factor (NGF) promotes neural recovery after experimental traumatic brain injury (TBI) supporting neuronal growth, differentiation and survival of brain cells and up-regulating the neurogenesis-associated protein Doublecortin (DCX). Only a few studies reported NGF administration in paediatric patients with severe TBI. METHODS: A four-year-old boy in a persistent unresponsive wakefulness syndrome (UWS) was treated with intranasal murine NGF administration 6 months after severe TBI...
2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950152/frontal-eeg-asymmetry-and-later-behavior-vulnerability-in-infants-with-congenital-visual-impairment
#8
Michelle A O'Reilly, Joe Bathelt, Elena Sakkalou, Hanna Sakki, Alison Salt, Naomi J Dale, Michelle de Haan
OBJECTIVE: Young children with congenital visual impairment (VI) are at increased risk of behavioral vulnerabilities. Studies on 'at risk' populations suggest that frontal EEG asymmetry may be associated with behavioral risk. We investigated frontal asymmetry at 1year (Time 1), behavior at 2years (Time 2) and their longitudinal associations within a sample of infants with VI. Frontal asymmetry in the VI sample at 1year was also compared cross-sectionally to an age-matched typically sighted (TS) group...
September 8, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875555/midazolam-vs-diazepam-in-prolonged-seizures-in-children-a-pharmacoeconomic-approach
#9
E Beghi, G Capovilla, E Franzoni, F Minicucci, A Romeo, A Verrotti, F Vigevano, E Perucca
OBJECTIVE: A previous European cost-utility study reported that use of buccal midazolam in the community setting for the treatment of prolonged seizures (ie, seizures lasting ≥5 minutes) in children was associated with an overall €12 507 399 reduction in annual costs charged to the Italian national health service compared with rectal diazepam. We re-evaluated these findings by applying a more conservative approach. METHODS: The Italian Delphi panel reconvened to apply a more conservative assessment of available reports...
September 6, 2017: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853621/does-power-mobility-training-impact-a-child-s-mastery-motivation-and-spectrum-of-eeg-activity-an-exploratory-project
#10
Lisa K Kenyon, John P Farris, Naomi J Aldrich, Samhita Rhodes
PURPOSE: The purposes of this exploratory project were: (1) to evaluate the impact of power mobility training with a child who has multiple, severe impairments and (2) to determine if the child's spectrum of electroencephalography (EEG) activity changed during power mobility training. STUDY DESIGN: A single-subject A-B-A-B research design was conducted with a four-week duration for each phase. Two target behaviours were explored: (1) mastery motivation assessed via the dimensions of mastery questionnaire (DMQ) and (2) EEG data collected under various conditions...
August 30, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800038/subclinical-rhythmic-eeg-discharge-of-adult-sreda-in-a-child-with-generalized-epilepsy-and-literature-review-of-sreda-in-children
#11
Marcie Goeden, Lalit R Bansal
Subclinical rhythmic discharges of adult (SREDA) is a rare benign EEG variant in adults and is of unknown clinical significance. Its occurrence in children is extremely rare. In review of the literature, it has been described in only four children. We present a case of a 10-year-old female with generalized idiopathic childhood absence epilepsy who is noted to have SREDA in three subsequent EEGs performed across a 25-month span. She had no clinical change with these discharges and it was believed to be a benign variant...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777180/sleep-wake-disorders-of-childhood
#12
Suresh Kotagal
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Sleep-wake disorders occur in 10% to 28% of children and differ somewhat in pathophysiology and management from sleep-wake disorders in adults. This article discusses the diagnosis and management of key childhood sleep disorders. RECENT FINDINGS: The role of sleep in memory consolidation and in the facilitation of learning has been increasingly recognized, even at the toddler stage. Cataplexy, a key feature of narcolepsy type 1, may be subtle in childhood and characterized by transient muscle weakness isolated to the face...
August 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747870/neural-entrainment-and-sensorimotor-synchronization-to-the-beat-in-children-with-developmental-dyslexia-an-eeg-study
#13
Lincoln J Colling, Hannah L Noble, Usha Goswami
Tapping in time to a metronome beat (hereafter beat synchronization) shows considerable variability in child populations, and individual differences in beat synchronization are reliably related to reading development. Children with developmental dyslexia show impairments in beat synchronization. These impairments may reflect deficiencies in auditory perception of the beat which in turn affect auditory-motor mapping, or may reflect an independent motor deficit. Here, we used a new methodology in EEG based on measuring beat-related steady-state evoked potentials (SS-EPs, Nozaradan et al...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724747/interleukin-1-receptor-in-seizure-susceptibility-after-traumatic-injury-to-the-pediatric-brain
#14
Bridgette D Semple, Terence J O'Brien, Kayleen Gimlin, David K Wright, Shi Eun Kim, Pablo M Casillas-Espinosa, Kyria M Webster, Steven Petrou, Linda J Noble-Haeusslein
Epilepsy after pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with poor quality of life. This study aimed to characterize post-traumatic epilepsy in a mouse model of pediatric brain injury, and to evaluate the role of interleukin-1 (IL-1) signaling as a target for pharmacological intervention. Male mice received a controlled cortical impact or sham surgery at postnatal day 21, approximating a toddler-aged child. Mice were treated acutely with an IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra; 100 mg/kg, s.c.) or vehicle...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721930/pharmacoresistant-epileptic-eyelid-twitching-in-a-child-with-a-mutation-in-syngap1
#15
Tetsuya Okazaki, Yoshiaki Saito, Rika Hiraiwa, Shinji Saitoh, Masachika Kai, Kaori Adachi, Yoko Nishimura, Eiji Nanba, Yoshihiro Maegaki
SYNGAP1 gene mutation has been associated with epilepsy which is often drug resistant, with seizure types including eyelid myoclonia. However, detailed descriptions, including ictal video-EEG, have not been reported. We report the case of a 4-year-old boy who developed recurrent epileptic eyelid twitching at 1 year and 5 months of age. Seizures gradually increased in frequency to more than 50 times per day and manifested with upward eye deviation, motion arrest, loss of consciousness, and eyelid twitching lasting for five seconds...
July 19, 2017: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709121/spatiotemporal-propagation-patterns-of-generalized-ictal-spikes-in-childhood-absence-epilepsy
#16
Vasileios Kokkinos, Andreas M Koupparis, Michalis Koutroumanidis, George K Kostopoulos
OBJECTIVE: This work investigates the spatial distribution in time of generalized ictal spikes in the typical absences of childhood absence epilepsy (CAE). METHODS: We studied twelve children with CAE, who had more than two typical absences during their routine video-EEG. Seizures were identified, and ictal spikes were marked over the maximum electronegative peak, clustered, waveform-averaged and spatiotemporaly analyzed in 2D electrode space. RESULTS: Consistency of spatiotemporal patterns of ictal spikes was high between the absences of the same child, but low between children...
September 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702506/prenatal-depression-risk-factors-developmental-effects-and-interventions-a-review
#17
Tiffany Field
This narrative review based on a literature search in PubMed and PsycInfo on the two terms prenatal and antenatal depression includes empirical studies, reviews and meta-analyses that have been published during the last 5 years on risk factors, developmental effects and interventions for prenatal depression. Risk factor studies that met criteria feature demographic measures (lower socioeconomic status, less education, non-marital status, non-employment, less social support and health locus of control, unintended pregnancy, partner violence and history of child abuse) and physiological variables (cortisol, amylase, and pro-inflammatory cytokines and intrauterine artery resistance)...
February 2017: Journal of Pregnancy and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637637/alternating-hemiplegia-of-childhood-and-a-pathogenic-variant-of-atp1a3-a-case-report-and-pathophysiological-considerations
#18
Elena Pavlidis, Peter Uldall, Camilla Gøbel Madsen, Marina Nikanorova, Martin Fabricius, Hans Høgenhaven, Francesco Pisani, Rikke S Møller, Elena Gardella, Guido Rubboli
We describe a case of a child suffering from alternating hemiplegia with a heterozygous p. E815K pathogenic variant of ATP1A3. The patient started to present abnormal eye movements in the first days of life, followed by the appearance at 2 months of dystonic episodes, and later on, by recurrent episodes of alternating hemiplegia more often on the right side. A severe epilepsy started at the age of 2 years with episodes of status epilepticus since the onset which frequently recurred, requiring admission to the intensive care unit...
June 1, 2017: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632327/photosensitivity-is-an-early-marker-of-neuronal-ceroid-lipofuscinosis-type-2-disease
#19
Nicola Specchio, Marcello Bellusci, Nicola Pietrafusa, Marina Trivisano, Luca de Palma, Federico Vigevano
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify early clinical, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and electroencephalographic (EEG) characteristics of neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis type 2 (CLN2) disease to enable early diagnosis, thus providing the key to early treatment, and optimized care and outcomes. METHODS: Retrospective clinical chart review of a series of patients diagnosed with CLN2 disease from 2005 to 2015 at a single center in Italy. Clinical, MRI, and EEG findings were reviewed...
August 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600632/dynamic-complexity-measures-and-entropy-paths-for-modelling-and-comparison-of-evolution-of-patients-with-drug-resistant-epileptic-encephalopathy-syndromes-drees
#20
Ricardo Zavala-Yoe, Ricardo A Ramirez-Mendoza
Epileptic encephalopathies (EE) is a term coined by the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) to refer to a group of epilepsies in which the ictal and interictal abnormalities may contribute to progressive cerebral dysfunction. Among them, two affect mainly children and are very difficult to deal with, Doose and Lennox-Gastaut syndromes, (DS and LGS, respectively). So far (Zavala-Yoe et al., J Integr Neurosci 15(2):205-223, 2015a and works of ours there), quantitative analysis of single case studies of EE have been performed...
June 9, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
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