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Primary renal lymphoma

Jimena Soutelo, Sofía Moldes, Cielo Frisone, Laura Salvá, Cecilia Agostinis, Gabriel Faraj
Paraneoplastic syndromes are a heterogeneous group of malignant diseases caused by events which involve endocrine, immune and metabolic aspects and whose symptoms vary according to the substance produced and the primary tumor. Hypercalcemia is a frequent complication in cancer patients. Prognosis of cancer patients with hypercalcemia is usually poor. A factor called parathyroid hormone related peptide, whose actions are similar to those of the parathyroid hormone, is thought to be the most common cause of malignancy associated hypercalcemia...
October 10, 2016: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
John Cogswell, H David Inzunza, Qiuyan Wu, John N Feder, Gabe Mintier, James Novotny, Diana M Cardona
AIM: Nivolumab, a fully human immunoglobulin G4 programmed death-1 (PD-1) immune checkpoint inhibitor antibody, has activity in melanoma, non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), renal cell carcinoma (RCC), and Hodgkin lymphoma. Nivolumab is approved in the USA and EU for advanced melanoma, NSCLC, and RCC, and relapsed Hodgkin lymphoma in the USA. Programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1), a PD-1 ligand, is expressed on mononuclear leukocytes, myeloid cells, and tumor cells. PD-L1 is being investigated as a potential biomarker to predict the association of tumor PD-L1 expression with nivolumab efficacy...
September 26, 2016: Molecular Diagnosis & Therapy
Chenthuran Deivaraju, H Thomas Temple, Norman Block, Philip Robinson, Andrew V Schally
AIM: Luteinizing hormone releasing hormone (LHRH) is a neurohormone, secreted by the hypothalamus, which regulates the secretion of gonadotropins, luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) from the pituitary. LHRH acts by binding to receptors located in the pituitary gland. These receptors (LHRH receptors) have also been found in the cytoplasm of many tumor cells that involve both the reproductive and non-reproductive organs. These receptors have been demonstrated in prostate and breast cancers, endometrial carcinomas, renal cell carcinoma, lymphoma, carcinoma of liver, pancreas and skin...
August 17, 2016: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
Susan O'Brien, Jeffrey A Jones, Steven E Coutre, Anthony R Mato, Peter Hillmen, Constantine Tam, Anders Österborg, Tanya Siddiqi, Michael J Thirman, Richard R Furman, Osman Ilhan, Michael J Keating, Timothy G Call, Jennifer R Brown, Michelle Stevens-Brogan, Yunfeng Li, Fong Clow, Danelle F James, Alvina D Chu, Michael Hallek, Stephan Stilgenbauer
BACKGROUND: The TP53 gene, encoding tumour suppressor protein p53, is located on the short arm of chromosome 17 (17p). Patients with 17p deletion (del17p) chronic lymphocytic leukaemia have poor responses and survival after chemoimmunotherapy. We assessed the activity and safety of ibrutinib, an oral covalent inhibitor of Bruton's tyrosine kinase, in relapsed or refractory patients with del17p chronic lymphocytic leukaemia or small lymphocytic lymphoma. METHODS: We did a multicentre, international, open-label, single-arm study at 40 sites in the USA, Canada, Europe, Australia, and New Zealand...
October 2016: Lancet Oncology
Qing-Qing Cai, Li-Yang Hu, Qi-Rong Geng, Jie Chen, Zhen-Hai Lu, Hui-Lan Rao, Qing Liu, Wen-Qi Jiang, Hui-Qiang Huang, Tong-Yu Lin, Zhong-Jun Xia
BACKGROUND: In patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), central nervous system (CNS) relapse is uncommon but is nearly always fatal. This study aimed to determine the risk factors for CNS relapse in DLBCL patients and to evaluate the efficacy of rituximab and intrathecal chemotherapy prophylaxis for CNS relapse reduction. METHODS: A total of 511 patients with newly diagnosed DLBCL treated at the Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between January 2003 and December 2012 were included in the study...
September 13, 2016: Chinese Journal of Cancer
Peter J Tebben, Ravinder J Singh, Rajiv Kumar
Hypercalcemia occurs in up to 4% of the population in association with malignancy, primary hyperparathyroidism, ingestion of excessive calcium and/or vitamin D, ectopic production of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH)2D], and impaired degradation of 1,25(OH)2D. The ingestion of excessive amounts of vitamin D3 (or vitamin D2) results in hypercalcemia and hypercalciuria due to the formation of supraphysiological amounts of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] that bind to the vitamin D receptor, albeit with lower affinity than the active form of the vitamin, 1,25(OH)2D, and the formation of 5,6-trans 25(OH)D, which binds to the vitamin D receptor more tightly than 25(OH)D...
October 2016: Endocrine Reviews
Jacob Jipp, Daniel Sadowski, Paul Kay, Bradley Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Although renal involvement is often present in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), primary renal NHL is a rare diagnosis. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case report of a 72-year-old asymptomatic male who underwent a robot-assisted laparoscopic radical nephroureterectomy on an atrophic left kidney with evidence of an infiltrating mass. Pathology report demonstrated a grade 1 follicular lymphoma. CONCLUSION: Lymphoma is a differential that should be considered when evaluating a renal mass...
2016: J Endourol Case Rep
Hikmet G Tanyildiz, Handan Dincaslan, Gulsan Yavuz, Emel Unal, Aydan Ikinciogulları, Figen Dogu, Nurdan Tacyildiz
The prevalence of lymphoma in primary immunodeficiency cases and autoimmune diseases, as well as on a background of immunodeficiency following organ transplants, is increasing. The lymphoma treatment success rate is known to be a low prognosis. Our study aimed to emphasize the low survival rates in immunodeficient vs. immunocompetent lymphoma patients and also to investigate the effect of rituximab in patients with ataxia telangiectasia and other immunodeficiencies. We summarized the clinical characteristics and treatment results of 17 cases with primary immunodeficiency that developed non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) and Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) retrospectively...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Immunology
Anupriya Bansal, Suchi Mittal, Jasmita Dass, Nitin Gupta, P K Agarwal, Jyoti Kotwal
De novo CD5+ Diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is a rare and aggressive subtype of DLBCL. It is a distinct clinicopathologic entity with complex molecular profile and poor prognosis. A 59 year old female presented with pyrexia of unknown origin since 1 month. On examination, there was severe pallor, hepatosplenomegaly and no palpable lymphadenopathy. Complete blood count revealed bicytopenia with normal total leucocyte count. Liver and renal function tests were normal. Ultrasonography abdomen revealed splenic enlargement with two focal lesions attributed to either splenic abscess or infarcts...
June 2016: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
Koji Inaba, Hiroyuki Okamoto, Akihisa Wakita, Keisuke Tsuchida, Tairo Kashihara, Kazuma Kobayashi, Ken Harada, Mayuka Kitaguchi, Shuhei Sekii, Rei Umezawa, Kana Takahashi, Naoya Murakami, Yoshinori Ito, Hiroshi Igaki, Takashi Uno, Jun Itami
PURPOSE: The kidney is a dose-limiting organ for upper abdominal radiotherapy. In this study, radiation-induced kidney injury represented by changes of creatinine clearance (Ccr) and renal parenchymal volume measured by computed tomography (CT) were evaluated by analysing dose-volume histograms (DVHs) in patients with primary gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (PGDLBCL) treated with chemoradiotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-eight PGDLBCL patients (seventy-six kidneys) treated with chemoradiotherapy were included in this study...
July 2016: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
Yun-Wei Guo, Hua-Ying Gu, Kodjo-Kunale Abassa, Xian-Yi Lin, Xiu-Qing Wei
Although gastroduodenal ulcers are common in solid organ transplant patients, there are few reports on multiple giant ulcers in the distal ileum and ileocecal valve caused by immunosuppressants Herein, we report on a liver transplant recipient and a renal transplant recipient with multiple large ulcers in the distal ileum and ileocecal valve who rapidly achieved ulcer healing upon withdrawal of sirolimus or tacrolimus and administration of thalidomide. In case 1, a 56-year-old man with primary hepatocellular carcinoma had received a liver transplantation...
June 28, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Olivier Hermine, Eva Hoster, Jan Walewski, André Bosly, Stephan Stilgenbauer, Catherine Thieblemont, Michal Szymczyk, Reda Bouabdallah, Michael Kneba, Michael Hallek, Gilles Salles, Pierre Feugier, Vincent Ribrag, Josef Birkmann, Roswitha Forstpointner, Corinne Haioun, Mathias Hänel, René Olivier Casasnovas, Jürgen Finke, Norma Peter, Kamal Bouabdallah, Catherine Sebban, Thomas Fischer, Ulrich Dührsen, Bernd Metzner, Georg Maschmeyer, Lothar Kanz, Christian Schmidt, Richard Delarue, Nicole Brousse, Wolfram Klapper, Elizabeth Macintyre, Marie-Hélène Delfau-Larue, Christiane Pott, Wolfgang Hiddemann, Michael Unterhalt, Martin Dreyling
BACKGROUND: Mantle cell lymphoma is characterised by a poor long-term prognosis. The European Mantle Cell Lymphoma Network aimed to investigate whether the introduction of high-dose cytarabine to immunochemotherapy before autologous stem-cell transplantation (ASCT) improves outcome. METHODS: This randomised, open-label, parallel-group, phase 3 trial was done in 128 haemato-oncological hospital departments or private practices in Germany, France, Belgium, and Poland...
August 6, 2016: Lancet
W A Heggermont, G Verhoef, P Evenepoel, B Sprangers, E Lerut, T Tousseyn, K Claes
A patient was admitted to the medical emergency department by his family physician. His complaints were weakness and fatigue for more than one week. Four days before admission, he went to his general practitioner for these complaints and also for painful elbows. His physician prescribed diclofenac and esomeprazole. Upon presentation, he had high systolic/diastolic blood pressure (>180/>90 mm Hg, measured repeatedly), and otherwise normal parameters. He had gained 6.5 kg in body weight. Clinical examination was normal, except for very mild bilateral malleolar edema...
May 17, 2016: Acta Clinica Belgica
Lili Li, Chen Li, Haitao Mao, Zhenfang Du, Wai Yee Chan, Paul Murray, Bing Luo, Anthony Tc Chan, Tony Sk Mok, Francis Kl Chan, Richard F Ambinder, Qian Tao
Promoter CpG methylation is a fundamental regulatory process of gene expression. TET proteins are active CpG demethylases converting 5-methylcytosine to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine, with loss of 5 hmC as an epigenetic hallmark of cancers, indicating critical roles of TET proteins in epigenetic tumorigenesis. Through analysis of tumor methylomes, we discovered TET1 as a methylated target, and further confirmed its frequent downregulation/methylation in cell lines and primary tumors of multiple carcinomas and lymphomas, including nasopharyngeal, esophageal, gastric, colorectal, renal, breast and cervical carcinomas, as well as non-Hodgkin, Hodgkin and nasal natural killer/T-cell lymphomas, although all three TET family genes are ubiquitously expressed in normal tissues...
2016: Scientific Reports
Yuji Fujizuka, Tomomi Suzuki, Koichi Suzuki, Yutaka Kubota, Yasushige Matsuo
A 75-year-old male undergoing hemodialysis because of diabetic nephropathy was referred to our hospital complaining of high fever and swelling of the left kidney. Our initial clinical diagnosis was severe pyelonephritis. He was initially treated with intravenous antibiotics and his clinical symptoms subsequently improved but only temporarily. The high fever soon recurred, accompanied by progressive thrombocytopenia. His general condition deteriorated despite conservative treatment. He then underwent nephrectomy of the left kidney...
March 2016: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
Eva ter Haar, Veerle Labarque, Thomas Tousseyn, Djalila Mekahli
We discuss a case of acute kidney injury (AKI) at a very young age caused by primary lymphomatous renal infiltration due to Burkitt's lymphoma and analyse the literature on this rare condition. At presentation, clinical examination showed impressive bilateral nephromegaly and hypertension. Blood analysis indicated severe AKI, mild anaemia and normal serum electrolytes. There were no signs of tumour lysis syndrome. Urine sediment was normal, with neither haematuria nor proteinuria. Abdominal ultrasound demonstrated bilateral renal enlargement (+12 SD), with increased corticomedullar differentiation...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Katie S Murray, Emily C Zabor, Massimiliano Spaliviero, Paul Russo, Wassim M Bazzi, John E Musser, A Ari Hakimi, Melanie L Bernstein, Guido Dalbagni, Jonathan A Coleman, Helena Furberg
PURPOSE: To examine the incidence of secondary primary malignancies in patients with renal cortical neoplasms. METHODS: Between January 1989 and July 2010, 3647 patients underwent surgery at our institution for a renal cortical neoplasm and were followed through 2012. Occurrence of other malignancies was classified as antecedent, synchronous, or subsequent. All patients with antecedent malignancies (n = 498) and a randomly selected half of those with synchronous malignancies (n = 83) were excluded...
April 22, 2016: World Journal of Urology
Şiyar Erdoğmuş, Serkan Aktürk, Zeynep Kendi Çelebi, Saba Kiremitçi, Gülşah Kaygusuz, Namık Kemal Altınbaş, Evren Üstüner, Kenan Keven
Renal involvement is most often seen in conjunction with multisystemic, disseminated lymphoma either by direct extension from a retroperitoneal mass or via hematogenous spread. Primary lymphoma of the kidney is not a common entity and it is a controversial issue on account of the absence of lymphatic tissues in the normal kidney. In this case report, we describe a 19-year-old male with hematuria, acute kidney injury, and bilateral renal masses due to massive lymphomatous infiltration of the kidneys, which was diagnosed as diffuse large B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma by Tru-Cut biopsy...
June 5, 2016: Turkish Journal of Haematology: Official Journal of Turkish Society of Haematology
Yuanji Li, Wenjia Wang, Yufu Li, Jianwei Du, Lihua Dong, Xue Gao, Gangping Li, Xudong Wei, Yongping Song
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
Vincent Ribrag, Serge Koscielny, Jacques Bosq, Thibaut Leguay, Olivier Casasnovas, Luc-Mathieu Fornecker, Christian Recher, Hervé Ghesquieres, Franck Morschhauser, Stéphane Girault, Steven Le Gouill, Mario Ojeda-Uribe, Clara Mariette, Jerome Cornillon, Guillaume Cartron, Veronique Verge, Catherine Chassagne-Clément, Hervé Dombret, Bertrand Coiffier, Thierry Lamy, Hervé Tilly, Gilles Salles
BACKGROUND: Short intensive chemotherapy is the standard of care for adult patients with Burkitt's leukaemia or lymphoma. Findings from single-arm studies suggest that addition of rituximab to these regimens could improve patient outcomes. Our objective was to test this possibility in a randomised trial. METHODS: In this randomised, controlled, open-label, phase 3 trial, we recruited patients older than 18 years with untreated HIV-negative Burkitt's lymphoma (including Burkitt's leukaemia) from 45 haematological centres in France...
June 11, 2016: Lancet
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