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Irene Defrancesco, Luca Arcaini
Extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphomas (EMZLs) of the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) are indolent lymphomas which can present at any extranodal site. The most frequent localizations (other than stomach) are ocular adnexa, salivary gland, skin, lung and thyroid. Chronic inflammation and antigenic stimulation are a potential risk for the development of MALT lymphomas. While Helicobacter Pylori (HP) is known to be associated with gastric MALT lymphoma and antibiotic therapy is effective in the setting of HP-positive, other microorganisms (such as Chlamydophila Psittaci, Campylobacter Jejiuni, Borrelia Burgdoferi) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of non-gastric MALT lymphomas...
March 2018: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Haematology
Raimond Lugert, Uwe Groß, Wycliffe O Masanta, Gunter Linsel, Astrid Heutelbeck, Andreas E Zautner
Psittacosis is a zoonotic infectious disease that is caused by Chlamydophila psittaci. To determine the occupational risk of getting the infection, we investigated the seroprevalence of C. psittaci among employees of two German duck farms and two slaughterhouses according to their level of exposure to the pathogen during the years 2010, 2007, and 2004. In summary, we found low seroprevalence (≈ 8%) throughout the study population almost irrespective of the duty of a given worker. Surprisingly, in 2010, the anti-C...
December 18, 2017: European Journal of Microbiology & Immunology
S Messous, M H Grissa, K Beltaief, R Boukef, S Nouira, M Mastouri
INTRODUCTION: The role of bacteria, including atypical organisms, in acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) has been assessed in various ways in Tunisia. METHODS: This was a descriptive and analytical study of patients with a mean age of 68.3±10.5 years hospitalized for AECOPD. Bacteriological examination included a cytological sputum exam and serology for atypical organisms including Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Coxiella burnetii, Chlamydophila pneumoniae and Legionella pneumophila using standard techniques...
January 29, 2018: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
S Heidari, Abdollah Derakhshandeh, R Firouzi, M Ansari-Lari, M Masoudian, V Eraghi
Abortion in sheep and goats has become increasingly important worldwide because of the significant economic losses and potential zoonotic implication of commonly involved pathogens. Therefore, this cross-sectional study was conducted in southern Iran to detect the Chlamydophila abortus and Coxiella burnetii, as zoonotic pathogens, and Mycoplasma agalactiae, as a neglected abortifacient agent in small ruminants' aborted fetuses, by using polymerase chain reaction (PCR). From a total of 300 aborted fetuses (183 sheep and 117 goats), 46 samples (15...
December 19, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
Ana María Torres-Mejía, César Rodríguez, Francisco Duarte, Mauricio Jiménez-Soto, Fernando Esperón, Kinndle Blanco-Peña
Most studies on zoonotic agents in pigeons have been conducted in the Palearctic region, but the scarcity of data is notorious in the Neotropical region, where these birds can breed all year around and are in close contact with humans. In this study, we used a combination of culture-dependent and culture-independent methods to identify infectious agents in 141 fecal samples from pigeons collected at four urban parks from Costa Rica. Of these we identified 34 positive samples for Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Braenderup (24...
December 15, 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
Shingo Noguchi, Kazuhiro Yatera, Toshinori Kawanami, Kazumasa Fukuda, Kei Yamasaki, Keisuke Naito, Kentaro Akata, Hiroshi Ishimoto, Hiroshi Mukae
BACKGROUND: Chlamydophila pneumoniae is a causative pathogen of lower respiratory tract infection, which generally infects healthy, young people. However, it is often difficult to evaluate acute C. pneumoniae infection using upper respiratory tract specimens and/or sputum samples due to its persistent infection or colonization. The interpretation of frequency of detection of C. pneumoniae seems to be insufficient in community-onset pneumonia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of C...
November 2017: Respiratory Investigation
Laurel Teoh, Ian M Mackay, Peter P Van Asperen, Jason P Acworth, Mark Hurwitz, John W Upham, Weng Hou Siew, Claire Y T Wang, Theo P Sloots, Teresa Neeman, Anne B Chang
OBJECTIVES: To describe the point prevalence of respiratory viruses/atypical bacteria using PCR and evaluate the impact of respiratory viruses/atypical bacteria and atopy on acute severity and clinical recovery in children with hospitalised and non-hospitalised asthma exacerbations. DESIGN: This was a prospective study performed during 2009-2011. SETTING: The study was performed in the emergency departments of two hospitals. PATIENTS: 244 children aged 2-16 years presenting with acute asthma to the emergency departments were recruited...
October 11, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Guijun Ning, Xuxia Wang, Dan Wu, Zundong Yin, Yixing Li, Huaqing Wang, Weizhong Yang
BACKGROUND: The aim of this systematic review was to examine the etiology of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) among Chinese children younger than 5 y and provide evidence for further cost-effectiveness analyses for vaccine development, diagnostic strategies and empirical treatments. METHODS: The literature review followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement. Data were obtained by searching PubMed, Embase, Web-of Science, and the Chinese databases Wanfang Data and China National Knowledge Infrastructure...
November 2, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
V Beena, R V S Pawaiya, K Gururaj, D D Singh, A K Mishra, N K Gangwar, V K Gupta, R Singh, A K Sharma, M Karikalan, Ashok Kumar
AIM: The aim of the present study was to investigate the molecular etiopathology of occurrence of reproductive diseases in female goats. Reproductive diseases in goats account for major economic losses to goat farmers in terms of valuable loss of offspring and animal productivity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 660 female genitalia were examined for pathological conditions (macroscopic and microscopic lesions). The etiopathological study was carried out for the presence of pathogenic organisms such as Brucella, Chlamydia, and Campylobacter in the uterus and ovary...
August 2017: Veterinary World
Abdullah Almamy, Christian Schwerk, Horst Schroten, Hiroshi Ishikawa, Abdul Rahman Asif, Bernhard Reuss
Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and the Chlamydophila species (CS) Chlamydophila pneumoniae (CPn), and Chlamydophila psittaci (CPs) are suggested to induce autoantibodies causative of several human autoimmune disorders like rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The aim of the present study was therefore to identify cellular protein interaction partners with antisera to CT (α-CT) or CS (α-CS) and to identify functional consequences of such interaction in vitro. As detected with a commercial first trimester human prenatal brain multiprotein array (hEXselect, Engine, Germany), the most frequent interaction partner with both α-CT and α-CS was the ribosomal small subunit protein RPS27a...
December 2017: Immunologic Research
Gary Balsamo, Angela M Maxted, Joanne W Midla, Julia M Murphy, Ron Wohrle, Thomas M Edling, Pilar H Fish, Keven Flammer, Denise Hyde, Preeta K Kutty, Miwako Kobayashi, Bettina Helm, Brit Oiulfstad, Branson W Ritchie, Mary Grace Stobierski, Karen Ehnert, Thomas N Tully
Psittacosis, also known as parrot fever and ornithosis, is a bacterial infection that can cause severe pneumonia and other serious health problems in humans. It is caused by Chlamydia psittaci. Reclassification of the order Chlamydiales in 1999 into 2 genera (Chlamydia and Chlamydophila) was not wholly accepted or adopted. This resulted in a reversion to the single, original genus Chlamydia, which now encompasses all 9 species including Chlamydia psittaci. During 2003-2014, 112 human cases of psittacosis were reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention through the Nationally Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System...
September 2017: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
M Halaji, T Hashempour, G R Pouladfar, F Ghasabi, R Khashei
Acute respiratory infections (ARIs) in children younger than 5 years of age are one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality, particularly in developing countries. Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Chlamydophila pneumoniae are prevalent causative agents of ARIs, worldwide. We sought M. pneumoniae and C. pneumoniae in respiratory samples from Iranian children with ARIs.  From November 2014 to April 2015, respiratory samples of 150 children aged 1 month to 15 years old were screened for presence of M. pneumoniae and C...
August 30, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Breanne M Head, Adriana Trajtman, Zulma V Rueda, Lázaro Vélez, Yoav Keynan
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals are more susceptible to respiratory tract infections by other infectious agents (viruses, bacteria, parasites, and fungi) as their disease progresses to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Despite effective antiretroviral therapy, bacterial pneumonia (the most frequently occurring HIV-associated pulmonary illness) remains a common cause of morbidity and mortality in the HIV-infected population. Over the last few decades, studies have looked at the role of atypical bacterial pneumonia (i...
2017: Pneumonia
Xavier Fernández-Aguilar, Luca Rossi, Óscar Cabezón, Andrea Giorgino, Isis Victoriano Llopis, Joachim Frey, Jorge Ramón López-Olvera
Infectious keratoconjunctivitis (IKC) is a contagious eye disease primarily caused by Mycoplasma conjunctivae in domestic and wild Caprinae. Chlamydophila species have also been detected in ruminants with IKC. The objectives of this study are to investigate the ocular infection of M. conjunctivae and Chlamydiaceae and assess its interaction in relation to IKC in sheep and goats from remote communities around the Central Karakoram National Park in Pakistan, performing a combination of cross-sectional and case-control study design...
September 2, 2017: Veterinary Record
Valéria M Lara, Julia C Benassi, Shayne P Bisetto, Trícia M de Oliveira, Helena L Ferreira, João P Araújo Júnior, Adriano B Carregaro
Upper respiratory tract disease is a complex infectious disease process with multiple pathogens involved. Identification of infectious agents in wild animals is of great importance for wildlife conservation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the molecular detection of feline herpesvirus type 1, feline calicivirus (FCV), Bordetella bronchiseptica , Chlamydophila felis , and Mycoplasma felis using ocular and nasal swabs in three species of captive nondomestic felids. Mycoplasma felis was detected in two ocular samples of Puma concolor and in one nasal sample of one Panthera onca ...
June 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Diana Pisa, Ruth Alonso, Ana M Fernández-Fernández, Alberto Rábano, Luis Carrasco
Several studies have advanced the idea that the etiology of Alzheimer's disease (AD) could be microbial in origin. In the present study, we tested the possibility that polymicrobial infections exist in tissue from the entorhinal cortex/hippocampus region of patients with AD using immunohistochemistry (confocal laser scanning microscopy) and highly sensitive (nested) PCR. We found no evidence for expression of early (ICP0) or late (ICP5) proteins of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) in brain sections. A polyclonal antibody against Borrelia detected structures that appeared not related to spirochetes, but rather to fungi...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
Ana Filipovic, Ehsan Ghasemian, Aleksandra Inic-Kanada, Ivana Lukic, Elisabeth Stein, Emilija Marinkovic, Radmila Djokic, Dejana Kosanovic, Nadine Schuerer, Hadeel Chalabi, Sandra Belij-Rammerstorfer, Marijana Stojanovic, Talin Barisani-Asenbauer
Following infection, the balance between protective immunity and immunopathology often depends on the initial infectious load. Several studies have investigated the effect of infectious dose; however, the mechanism by which infectious dose affects disease outcomes and the development of a protective immune response is not known. The aim of this study was to investigate how the infectious dose modulates the local and systemic humoral and the cellular immune responses during primary ocular chlamydial infection in the guinea pig animal model...
2017: PloS One
Thomas M File, Paul B Eckburg, George H Talbot, Lily Llorens, H David Friedland
BACKGROUND: Therapy directed against atypical pathogens in patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is often recommended. This post-hoc analysis evaluated the effect of addition of a macrolide to ceftaroline fosamil or ceftriaxone treatment in atypical CAP. METHODS: Two phase 3, double-blind, comparative safety and efficacy studies of ceftaroline fosamil vs. ceftriaxone, FOCUS 1 and FOCUS 2, enrolled adults with CAP. Only FOCUS 1 included 24-h adjunctive clarithromycin therapy for all patients on day 1...
August 2017: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
Paul Thibault, John Attia, Chris Oldmeadow
Objective Chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) is a condition associated with multiple sclerosis (MS). One mechanism that has been proposed is that the venous obstructions found in MS are due to a chronic persistent venulitis caused by the intra-cellular bacterial parasite, Chlamydophila pneumoniae (Cpn). The objective of the current study is to determine the effect of a combined antibiotic protocol (CAP) on the venous flow in MS patients as measured by a quantitative duplex ultrasound examination (QDUS)...
January 1, 2017: Phlebology
Johan Elmberg, Charlotte Berg, Henrik Lerner, Jonas Waldenström, Rebecca Hessel
There are more herbivorous waterfowl (swans and geese) close to humans, livestock and poultry than ever before. This creates widespread conflict with agriculture and other human interests, but also debate about the role of swans and geese as potential vectors of disease of relevance for human and animal health. Using a One Health perspective, we provide the first comprehensive review of the scientific literature about the most relevant viral, bacterial, and unicellular pathogens occurring in wild geese and swans...
2017: Infection Ecology & Epidemiology
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