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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930286/molecular-and-cellular-signatures-underlying-superior-immunity-against-bordetella-pertussis-upon-pulmonary-vaccination
#1
R Hm Raeven, J Brummelman, J LA Pennings, L van der Maas, K Helm, W Tilstra, A van der Ark, A Sloots, P van der Ley, W van Eden, W Jiskoot, E van Riet, C Acm van Els, G Fa Kersten, W Gh Han, B Metz
Mucosal immunity is often required for protection against respiratory pathogens but the underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms of induction remain poorly understood. Here, systems vaccinology was used to identify immune signatures after pulmonary or subcutaneous immunization of mice with pertussis outer membrane vesicles. Pulmonary immunization led to improved protection, exclusively induced mucosal immunoglobulin A (IgA) and T helper type 17 (Th17) responses, and in addition evoked elevated systemic immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody levels, IgG-producing plasma cells, memory B cells, and Th17 cells...
September 20, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928960/the-relationship-between-mucosal-immunity-nasopharyngeal-carriage-asymptomatic-transmission-and-the-resurgence-of-bordetella-pertussis
#2
REVIEW
Christopher Gill, Pejman Rohani, Donald M Thea
The incidence of whooping cough in the US has been rising slowly since the 1970s, but the pace of this has accelerated sharply since acellular pertussis vaccines replaced the earlier whole cell vaccines in the late 1990s. A similar trend occurred in many other countries, including the UK, Canada, Australia, Ireland, and Spain, following the switch to acellular vaccines. The key question is why. Two leading theories (short duration of protective immunologic persistence and evolutionary shifts in the pathogen to evade the vaccine) explain some but not all of these shifts, suggesting that other factors may also be important...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926974/block-v-rtx-domain-of-adenylate-cyclase-from-bordetella-pertussis-a-conformationally-dynamic-scaffold-for-protein-engineering-applications
#3
REVIEW
Beyza Bulutoglu, Scott Banta
The isolated Block V repeats-in-toxin (RTX) peptide domain of adenylate cyclase (CyaA) from Bordetella pertussis reversibly folds into a β-roll secondary structure upon calcium binding. In this review, we discuss how the conformationally dynamic nature of the peptide is being engineered and employed as a switching mechanism to mediate different protein functions and protein-protein interactions. The peptide has been used as a scaffold for diverse applications including: a precipitation tag for bioseparations, a cross-linking domain for protein hydrogel formation and as an alternative scaffold for biomolecular recognition applications...
September 17, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912323/complete-genome-sequences-of-bordetella-pertussis-isolates-with-novel-pertactin-deficient-deletions
#4
Michael R Weigand, Yanhui Peng, Pamela K Cassiday, Vladimir N Loparev, Taccara Johnson, Phalasy Juieng, Elizabeth J Nazarian, Keeley Weening, M Lucia Tondella, Margaret M Williams
Clinical isolates of the respiratory pathogen Bordetella pertussis in the United States have become predominantly deficient for the acellular vaccine immunogen pertactin through various independent mutations. Here, we report the complete genome sequences for four B. pertussis isolates that harbor novel deletions responsible for pertactin deficiency.
September 14, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906022/identification-and-characterization-of-a-brilliant-yellow-pigment-produced-by-bordetella-pertussis
#5
Keita Odanaka, Masato Iwatsuki, Tomomitsu Satho, Mineo Watanabe
Culture supernatant of Bordetella pertussis has a brilliant yellow color; however, the structure and biological role of the pigment have not been investigated. We extracted the brilliant yellow-colored fraction from the culture supernatant of B. pertussis and analyzed it by HPLC. UV-visible spectral analysis and mass spectrometry identified the brilliant yellow pigment as riboflavin. Riboflavin production was high in lag and early log phases and riboflavin enhanced the growth of B. pertussis in low-density cultures...
September 14, 2017: Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905714/cross-foster-rederivation-compared-with-antibiotic-administration-in-the-drinking-water-to-eradicate-bordetella-pseudohinzii
#6
Sarah E Clark, Jeanette E Purcell, Xuan Bi, Jeffrey D Fortman
Bordetella pseudohinzii is a microbial agent of potential importance in mice and has confounded pulmonary research at our institution. The purpose of this study was to evaluate cross-foster rederivation and antibiotic administration in the drinking water as methods to eradicate B. pseudohinzii. To evaluate the efficacy of cross-foster rederivation, 29 litters representing 16 strains of mice were cross-fostered from cages positive for B. pseudohinzii to B. pseudohinzii-negative Crl:CD1-Elite surrogate dams. To evaluate antibiotic administration, sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim (TMS; 0...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893915/hyperbiofilm-formation-by-bordetella-pertussis-strains-correlates-with-enhanced-virulence-traits
#7
Natalia Cattelan, Jamie Jennings-Gee, Purnima Dubey, Osvaldo M Yantorno, Rajendar Deora
Pertussis or whooping cough caused by the obligate human pathogen Bordetella pertussis is undergoing a world-wide resurgence. Majority of studies with this pathogen are conducted with laboratory-adapted strains which may not be representative of the species as a whole. Biofilm formation by B. pertussis plays an important role in its pathogenesis. We conducted a side-by side comparison of the biofilm forming ability of the prototype laboratory strains with currently circulating isolates from two countries with different vaccination programs...
September 11, 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892012/bordetella-adenylate-cyclase-hemolysin-toxins
#8
REVIEW
Nicole Guiso
Adenylate cyclase-hemolysin toxin is secreted and produced by three classical species of the genus Bordetella: Bordetella pertussis, B. parapertussis and B. bronchiseptica. This toxin has several properties such as: (i) adenylate cyclase activity, enhanced after interaction with the eukaryotic protein, calmodulin; (ii) a pore-forming activity; (iii) an invasive activity. It plays an important role in the pathogenesis of these Bordetella species responsible for whooping cough in humans or persistent respiratory infections in mammals, by modulating host immune responses...
September 11, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875161/crystal-structures-of-a-zip-zinc-transporter-reveal-a-binuclear-metal-center-in-the-transport-pathway
#9
Tuo Zhang, Jian Liu, Matthias Fellner, Chi Zhang, Dexin Sui, Jian Hu
Zrt/Irt-like proteins (ZIPs) play fundamental roles in metal metabolism/homeostasis and are broadly involved in numerous physiological and pathological processes. The lack of high-resolution structure of the ZIPs hinders understanding of the metal transport mechanism. We report two crystal structures of a prokaryotic ZIP in lipidic cubic phase with bound metal substrates (Cd(2+) at 2.7 Å and Zn(2+) at 2.4 Å). The structures revealed a novel 3+2+3TM architecture and an inward-open conformation occluded at the extracellular side...
August 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874446/characterization-of-two-novel-lipopolysaccharide-phosphoethanolamine-transferases-in-pasteurella-multocida-and-their-role-in-resistance-to-cathelicidin-2
#10
Marina Harper, Amy Wright, Frank St Michael, Jianjun Li, Deanna Deveson Lucas, Mark Ford, Ben Adler, Andrew D Cox, John D Boyce
The lipopolysaccharide (LPS) produced by the Gram-negative bacterial pathogen Pasteurella multocida has phosphoethanolamine (PEtn) residues attached to lipid A, 3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonic acid (Kdo), heptose and galactose. In this study, we show that PEtn is transferred to lipid A by the P. multocida EptA homologue, PetL, and is transferred to galactose by a novel PEtn transferase that is unique to P. multocida called PetG. Transcriptomic analyses indicated that petL expression was positively regulated by the global regulator Fis and negatively regulated by an Hfq-dependent small RNA...
September 5, 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865149/bordetella-bronchiseptica-bloodstream-infection-in-a-renal-transplant-patient
#11
Harry R Powers, Kairav Shah
Bordetella bronchiseptica is a gram-negative coccobacillus that infects animals, but rarely affects humans. B. bronchiseptica has been reported to cause disease in immunocompromised hosts. We present a case of a 61-year-old man with a renal transplant who developed B. bronchiseptica bacteremia likely as a result of close contact between dogs and his skin cancer biopsy sites. The patient was successfully treated with 2 weeks of oral levofloxacin. This case alerts physicians to B. bronchiseptica as a cause of bacteremia in solid organ transplant patients with exposure to animals...
September 2, 2017: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857652/safety-testing-of-acellular-pertussis-vaccines-use-of-animals-and-3rs-alternatives
#12
Marieke Hoonakker, Juan Arciniega, Coenraad Hendriksen
The current test of acellular Bordetella pertussis (aP) vaccines for residual pertussis toxin (PTx) is the Histamine Sensitization test (HIST), based on the empirical finding that PTx sensitizes mice to histamine. Although HIST has ensured the safety of aP vaccines for years, it is criticized for the limited understanding of how it works, its technical difficulty, and for animal welfare reasons. To estimate the number of mice used worldwide for HIST, we surveyed major aP manufacturers and organizations performing, requiring, or recommending the test...
August 31, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857261/a-recombinant-iron-transport-protein-from-bordetella-pertussis-confers-protection-against-bordetella-parapertussis
#13
Jimena Alvarez Hayes, Juan Marcos Oviedo, Hugo Valdez, Juan Martín Laborde, Fabricio Maschi, Miguel Ayala, Rohan Shah, Marcelo Fernandez Lahore, Maria Eugenia Rodriguez
Whooping cough is a reemerging disease caused by Bordetella parapertussis and B. parapertussis. New protective antigens are needed to improve the efficacy of current vaccines against both species. Using proteomic tools we here found that B. parapertussis expresses a homolog of AfuA, a previously reported new vaccine candidate against B. pertussis. We found that this homolog, named as AfuABpp , is expressed during B. parapertussis infection, exposed on the surface of the bacteria and recognized by specific antibodies induced by the recombinant AfuA cloned from B...
August 31, 2017: Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842544/probing-the-genome-scale-metabolic-landscape-of-bordetella-pertussis-the-causative-agent-of-whooping-cough
#14
Filipe Branco Dos Santos, Brett G Olivier, Joost Boele, Vincent Smessaert, Philippe De Rop, Petra Krumpochova, Gunnar W Klau, Martin Giera, Philippe Dehottay, Bas Teusink, Philippe Goffin
Whooping cough is a highly-contagious respiratory disease caused by Bordetella pertussis. Despite vaccination, its incidence has been rising alarmingly, and yet, the physiology of B. pertussis remains poorly understood. We combined genome-scale metabolic reconstruction, a novel optimization algorithm and experimental data to probe the full metabolic potential of this pathogen, using strain Tohama I as a reference. Experimental validation showed that B. pertussis secretes a significant proportion of nitrogen as arginine and purine nucleosides, which may contribute to modulation of the host response...
August 25, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839199/the-conserved-tyrosine-residue-940-plays-a-key-structural-role-in-membrane-interaction-of-bordetella-adenylate-cyclase-toxin
#15
Jiri Masin, Jana Roderova, Adriana Osickova, Petr Novak, Ladislav Bumba, Radovan Fiser, Peter Sebo, Radim Osicka
The adenylate cyclase toxin-hemolysin (CyaA, ACT or AC-Hly) translocates its adenylate cyclase (AC) enzyme domain into target cells in a step that depends on membrane cholesterol content. We thus examined what role in toxin activities is played by the five putative cholesterol recognition amino acid consensus (CRAC) motifs predicted in CyaA hemolysin moiety. CRAC-disrupting phenylalanine substitutions had no impact on toxin activities and these were not inhibited by free cholesterol, showing that the putative CRAC motifs are not involved in cholesterol binding...
August 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830538/pertussis-outbreak-investigation-of-mekdela-district-south-wollo-zone-amhara-region-north-west-ethiopia
#16
Sefi Derib Alamaw, Addisu Workineh Kassa, Yalemzewod Assefa Gelaw
BACKGROUND: Pertussis is a highly contagious respiratory illness caused by Bordetella pertussis. It is one of the most common vaccine-preventable bacterial infections that affects all susceptible individuals, regardless of age. Investigation was done to verify the existence of an outbreak and to identify associated risk factors contributed for the occurrence of an outbreak in Tork and Warkaye villages of Mekdela district. METHODS: Unmatched community based case control and descriptive cross sectional investigation were conducted with one to two ratios...
August 22, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827216/activation-of-bvg-repressed-genes-in-bordetella-pertussis-by-risa-requires-cross-talk-from-a-non-co-operonic-histidine-kinase-risk
#17
Qing Chen, Victoria Ng, Jason M Warfel, Tod J Merkel, Scott Stibitz
The two-component response regulator RisA, encoded by BP3554 in the Bordetella pertussis Tohama I genomic sequence, is a known activator of vrgs, a set of genes whose expression is increased under the same environmental conditions (known as modulation) that result in repression of the bvgAS virulence regulon. Here we demonstrate that RisA is phosphorylated in vivo and that RisA phosphorylation is required for activation of vrgs. An adjacent histidine kinase gene, risS, is truncated by frameshift mutation in B...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822432/-clinical-analysis-of-children-with-pertussis-and-significance-of-respiratory-virus-detection-in-the-combined-diagnosis
#18
H Huang, L Deng, F Xiao, J Fu, J Deng, F Wang, J Yang
Objective: To analyze the clinical data of children with pertussis and explore the necessity of respiratory virus detection in the combined diagnosis so as to improve the clinician's understanding and standardize the diagnosis and treatment of pertussis in children. Method: Clinical data and laboratory examination of 195 suspected pertussis children between Jan. 2015 and Dec. 2016 in Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatric were analyzed retrospectively. Result: The nasopharyngeal secretions were collected from 195 suspected pertussis children, PCR was employed to detect the nucleic acid of Bordetella pertussis...
August 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814229/cell-mediated-and-humoral-immune-responses-to-bordetella-pertussis-inactivated-whole-cells-encapsulated-alginate-microspheres-as-a-new-vaccine-candidate
#19
Naser Mohammadpour Dounighi, Fereshteh Shahcheraghi, Mehdi Razzaghi-Abyaneh, Mojtaba Nofeli, Hossein Zolfagharian
BACKGROUND: Effectiveness of the whole-cell pertussis vaccine is apparent, but improvement in the quality of the vaccine is necessary to achieve strong immunogenicity with a low bacterial number content. METHODS: The inactivated Bordetella pertussis (B. pertussis) cells entrapped microspheres were prepared via an emulsification method and analyzed for morphology, size, size distribution, loading efficiency, loading capacity, release kinetic, in vivo cytokines and antigen specific antibody subclasses...
August 15, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809156/the-length-of-poly-c-stretch-in-the-bordetella-pertussis-pfim3-promoter-determines-the-vag-or-vrg-function-of-the-fim3-gene
#20
Nao Otsuka, Nicole Guiso, Valérie Bouchez
Bordetella pertussis, a human pathogenic bacterium, produces either one or two types of serologically distinct fimbriae, Fim2 and Fim3, as virulence factors. The expression of fim2 and fim3 is regulated by the BvgAS two-component system and the length of poly(C) stretches in Pfim promoters. In the Bvg+ phase, B. pertussis virulence-activated genes (vags) are up-regulated and virulence-repressed genes (vrgs) are down-regulated. Previous studies have shown that fim2 is a vag, but there is no consensus on fim3 regulation...
August 15, 2017: Microbiology
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