keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

upper respiratory infection

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905672/oral-astragalus-huang-qi-for-preventing-frequent-episodes-of-acute-respiratory-tract-infection-in-children
#1
REVIEW
Guobin Su, Xiankun Chen, Zhuangzhu Liu, Lihong Yang, La Zhang, Cecilia Stålsby Lundborg, Zehuai Wen, Xinfeng Guo, Xindong Qin, Jueyao Liang, Xusheng Liu
BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs) are common in children and can involve both upper and lower airways. Many children experience frequent ARTI episodes or recurrent respiratory tract infections (RRTIs) in early life, which creates challenges for paediatricians, primary care physicians, parents and carers of children.In China, Astragalus (Huang qi), alone or in combination with other herbs, is used by Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) practitioners in the form of a water extract, to reduce the risk of ARTIs; it is believed to stimulate the immune system...
December 1, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905295/desensitization-of-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-fibroblasts-to-alternaria-alternata-extract-mediated-necrotic-cell-death
#2
Jintaek Im, Kyutae Kim, Ji Young Yhee, Scott M O'Grady, Richard S Nho
Alternaria alternata is an allergenic fungus and known to cause an upper respiratory tract infection and asthma in humans with compromised immunity. Although A. alternata's effect on airway epithelial cells has previously been examined, the potential role of A. alternata on lung fibroblast viability is not understood. Since lung fibroblasts derived from patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) display a distinct phenotype that is resistant to stress and cell death inducing conditions, the investigation of the role of Alternaria on pathological IPF fibroblasts provides a better understanding of the fibrotic process induced by an allergenic fungus...
November 2016: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903788/treatment-of-adenoviral-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-using-cidofovir-with-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-case-series-and-literature-review
#3
Minhyeok Lee, Seulgi Kim, Oh Jung Kwon, Ji Hye Kim, Inbeom Jeong, Ji Woong Son, Moon Jun Na, Yoo Sang Yoon, Hyun Woong Park, Sun Jung Kwon
Adenovirus infections are associated with respiratory (especially upper respiratory) infection and gastrointestinal disease and occur primarily in infants and children. Although rare in adults, severe lower respiratory adenovirus infections including pneumonia are reported in specific populations, such as military recruits and immunocompromised patients. Antiviral treatment is challenging due to limited clinical experience and lack of well-controlled randomized trials. Several previously reported cases of adenoviral pneumonia showed promising efficacy of cidofovir...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902903/characterization-of-thai-mycoplasma-synoviae-isolates-by-sequence-analysis-of-partial-vlha-gene
#4
Kriengwich Limpavithayakul, Jiroj Sasipreeyajan, Somsak Pakpinyo
Mycoplasma synoviae (MS), a remarkable pathogen in poultry, causes subclinical infection of the upper respiratory tract and an infectious synovitis, especially in the tendon sheaths and synovial membranes of joints. Because the specific detection of MS 16S rRNA gene-based PCR was unsuitable for strain differentiation, vlhA gene-based PCR was designed to differentiate the MS strains. The vlhA gene of MS encodes for hemagglutinin and other immunodominant membrane proteins involved in colonization, antigenic variations, and virulence...
December 2016: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902901/virulence-of-serovar-c-1-strains-of-avibacterium-paragallinarum
#5
H H Trujillo-Ruíz, H L Shivaprasad, V Morales-Erasto, M Talavera-Rojas, C Salgado-Miranda, F Salazar-García, P J Blackall, E Soriano-Vargas
The bacterium Avibacterium paragallinarum is the etiologic agent of infectious coryza of chickens. There are nine serovars of A. paragallinarum , and serovar C-1 has emerged in outbreaks of infectious coryza in layer hens in the Americas, with all isolates having been obtained from infectious coryza-vaccinated chickens. In the current study, the clinical and histopathologic outcomes of experimental infections in chickens with A. paragallinarum of serovar C-1 were investigated. The Japanese serovar reference strain, H-18, and a Mexican isolate, ESV-135, were included in the study...
December 2016: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902648/incidence-and-burden-of-pertussis-among-infants-less-than-1-year-of-age
#6
Cristina Masseria, Carolyn K Martin, Girishanthy Krishnarajah, Laura K Becker, Ami Buikema, Tina Q Tan
BACKGROUND: Infant-specific pertussis data, especially among neonates, are limited and variable. This study (NCT01890850) provides overall and age-specific pertussis incidence and associated healthcare utilization and costs among commercially insured infants in the United States. METHODS: Nearly 1.2 million infants born from 2005-2010 with commercial health plan coverage were followed during their first 12 months of life. Pertussis cases were identified from medical claims (ICD-9-CM 033...
November 28, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902402/pathogenic-properties-of-a-corynebacterium-diphtheriae-strain-isolated-from-a-case-of-osteomyelitis
#7
Renata Stavracakis Peixoto, Elena Hacker, Camila Azevedo Antunes, Dulanthi Weerasekera, Alexandre Alves de Souza de Oliveira Dias, Carlos Alberto Martins, Raphael Hirata, Kátia Regina Netto Dos Santos, Andreas Burkovski, Ana Luíza Mattos-Guaraldi
Corynebacterium diphtheriae is typically recognized as a colonizer of the upper respiratory tract (respiratory diphtheria) and the skin (cutaneous diphtheria). However, different strains of Corynebacteriumdiphtheriae can also cause invasive infections. In this study, the characterization of a non-toxigenic Corynebacteriumdiphtheriae strain (designated BR-INCA5015) isolated from osteomyelitis in the frontal bone of a patient with adenoid cystic carcinoma was performed. Pathogenic properties of the strain BR-INCA5015 were tested in a Caenorhabditis elegans survival assay showing strong colonization and killing by this strain...
November 2016: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902356/luciferase-tagged-wild-type-and-tropism-deficient-mouse-cytomegaloviruses-reveal-early-dynamics-of-host-colonization-following-peripheral-challenge
#8
Helen Farrell, Martha Oliveira, Kate Macdonald, Joseph Yunis, Michael Mach, Kimberley Bruce, Philip Stevenson, Rhonda Cardin, Nicholas Davis-Poynter
Cytomegaloviruses (CMVs) establish persistent, systemic infections and cause disease by maternal-fetal transfer, suggesting that their dissemination is a key target for anti-viral intervention. Late clinical presentation has meant that human CMV dissemination is not well understood. Murine CMV provides a tractable model. Whole mouse imaging of virus-expressed luciferase has proved a useful way to track systemic infections. MCMV, in which the abundant lytic gene M78 was luciferase tagged via a self-cleaving peptide (M78-LUC), allowed serial, unbiased imaging of systemic and peripheral infection without significant virus attenuation...
October 26, 2016: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901465/livestock-susceptibility-to-infection-with-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus
#9
Júlia Vergara-Alert, Judith M A van den Brand, W Widagdo, Marta Muñoz, Stalin Raj, Debby Schipper, David Solanes, Ivan Cordón, Albert Bensaid, Bart L Haagmans, Joaquim Segalés
Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) cases continue to be reported, predominantly in Saudi Arabia and occasionally other countries. Although dromedaries are the main reservoir, other animal species might be susceptible to MERS coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection and potentially serve as reservoirs. To determine whether other animals are potential reservoirs, we inoculated MERS-CoV into llamas, pigs, sheep, and horses and collected nasal and rectal swab samples at various times. The presence of MERS-CoV in the nose of pigs and llamas was confirmed by PCR, titration of infectious virus, immunohistochemistry, and in situ hybridization; seroconversion was detected in animals of both species...
February 15, 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897246/rapid-control-of-pandemic-h1n1-influenza-by-targeting-nkt-cells
#10
Bianca L Artiaga, Guan Yang, Tarun E Hutchinson, Julia C Loeb, Jürgen A Richt, John A Lednicky, Shahram Salek-Ardakani, John P Driver
Swine influenza A viruses (IAV) are a major cause of respiratory disease in pigs and humans. Currently approved anti-influenza therapies directly target the virus, but these approaches are losing effectiveness as new viral strains quickly develop drug resistance. To over come this challenge, there is an urgent need for more effective antiviral drugs. Here we tested the anti-influenza efficacy of the invariant natural killer T (NKT) cell superagonist, α-galactosylceramide (α-GalCer), which stimulates a wide array of anti-viral immune responses...
November 29, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893998/influenza-and-rhinovirus-viral-load-and-disease-severity-in-upper-respiratory-tract-infections
#11
Andrea Granados, Adriana Peci, Allison McGeer, Jonathan B Gubbay
BACKGROUND: The role of viral load in respiratory viral infection is unclear. It is proposed that the viral load of some, but not all respiratory viruses correlate with disease severity. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine if an association exists between viral loads among patients in ambulatory settings, compared to those requiring hospitalization/intensive care unit (ICU) admission with influenza A/H3N2, influenza B, or human rhinovirus (HRV); we also explored the impact of age, gender and co-detection of Streptococcus pneumoniae on patient setting...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889997/acute-cystitis-caused-by-commensal-neisseria-oralis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
Yassar Alamri, Aaron Keene, Alan Pithie
Neisseria are usually harmless inhabitants of otherwise asymptomatic persons' upper respiratory mucosal surfaces. It is, therefore, expected that a disturbance in the physiology leads to non-gonococcal, non-meningococcal Neisseria becoming pathogenic. We report the case of a diabetic man who initially presented with non-specific symptoms and was later found to have cystitis caused by N. oralis. We also review the pertinent literature and discuss available evidence on pathophysiological mechanisms of infection with such commensal bacteria...
November 23, 2016: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889092/current-quality-measurement-tools-are-insufficient-to-assess-complications-in-orthopedic-surgery
#13
Arjun S Sebastian, Stephanie F Polites, Amy E Glasgow, Elizabeth B Habermann, Robert R Cima, Sanjeev Kakar
PURPOSE: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Project (ACS-NSQIP) is a clinically-derived, validated tool to track outcomes in surgery. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Patient Safety Indicators (AHRQ-PSI) are a set of computer algorithms run on administrative data to identify adverse events. The purpose of this study is to compare complications following orthopedic surgery identified by ACS-NSQIP and AHRQ-PSI. METHODS: Patients between 2010 and 2012 who underwent orthopedic procedures (arthroplasty, spine, trauma, foot and ankle, hand, and upper extremity) at our tertiary-care, academic institution were identified (n = 3,374)...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888562/parainfluenza-3-infections-early-after-kidney-or-simultaneous-pancreas-kidney-transplantation
#14
Ilkka Helanterä, Veli-Jukka Anttila, Raisa Loginov, Marko Lempinen
Parainfluenza (PIV) can cause serious infections after hematopoietic stem cell or lung transplantation. Limited data exist about PIV infections after kidney transplantation. We describe an outbreak of PIV-3 in a transplant unit. During the outbreak 45 patients were treated on the ward for postoperative care after kidney or simultaneous pancreas-kidney (SPK) transplantation. Altogether 29 patients were tested for respiratory viruses (12 patients with respiratory symptoms, 17 asymptomatic exposed patients) from nasopharyngeal swabs with PCR...
November 26, 2016: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887644/copenhagen-comorbidity-in-hiv-infection-cocomo-study-a-study-protocol-for-a-longitudinal-non-interventional-assessment-of-non-aids-comorbidity-in-hiv-infection-in-denmark
#15
Andreas Ronit, Judith Haissman, Ditte Marie Kirkegaard-Klitbo, Thomas Skårup Kristensen, Anne-Mette Lebech, Thomas Benfield, Jan Gerstoft, Henrik Ullum, Lars Køber, Andreas Kjær, Klaus Kofoed, Jørgen Vestbo, Børge Nordestgaard, Jens Lundgren, Susanne Dam Nielsen
BACKGROUND: Modern combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) has improved survival for people living with HIV (PLWHIV). Non-AIDS comorbidities have replaced opportunistic infections as leading causes of mortality and morbidity, and are becoming a key health concern as this population continues to age. The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence and incidence of non-AIDS comorbidity among PLWHIV in Denmark in the cART era and to determine risk factors contributing to the pathogenesis...
November 26, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887621/pediatric-emergency-department-visits-and-ambient-air-pollution-in-the-u-s-state-of-georgia-a-case-crossover-study
#16
Qingyang Xiao, Yang Liu, James A Mulholland, Armistead G Russell, Lyndsey A Darrow, Paige E Tolbert, Matthew J Strickland
BACKGROUND: Estimating the health effects of ambient air pollutant mixtures is necessary to understand the risk of real-life air pollution exposures. METHODS: Pediatric Emergency Department (ED) visit records for asthma or wheeze (n = 148,256), bronchitis (n = 84,597), pneumonia (n = 90,063), otitis media (n = 422,268) and upper respiratory tract infection (URI) (n = 744,942) were obtained from Georgia hospitals during 2002-2008. Spatially-contiguous daily concentrations of 11 ambient air pollutants were estimated from CMAQ model simulations that were fused with ground-based measurements...
November 25, 2016: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886368/written-information-for-patients-or-parents-of-child-patients-to-reduce-the-use-of-antibiotics-for-acute-upper-respiratory-tract-infections-in-primary-care
#17
REVIEW
Jack W O'Sullivan, Robert T Harvey, Paul P Glasziou, Amanda McCullough
BACKGROUND: Acute upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) are frequently managed in primary care settings. Although many are viral, and there is an increasing problem with antibiotic resistance, antibiotics continue to be prescribed for URTIs. Written patient information may be a simple way to reduce antibiotic use for acute URTIs. OBJECTIVES: To assess if written information for patients (or parents of child patients) reduces the use of antibiotics for acute URTIs in primary care...
November 25, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886064/probiotic-supplements-beneficially-affect-tryptophan-kynurenine-metabolism-and-reduce-the-incidence-of-upper-respiratory-tract-infections-in-trained-athletes-a-randomized-double-blinded-placebo-controlled-trial
#18
Barbara Strasser, Daniela Geiger, Markus Schauer, Johanna M Gostner, Hannes Gatterer, Martin Burtscher, Dietmar Fuchs
BACKGROUND: Prolonged intense exercise has been associated with transient suppression of immune function and an increased risk of infections. In this context, the catabolism of amino acid tryptophan via kynurenine may play an important role. The present study examined the effect of a probiotic supplement on the incidence of upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) and the metabolism of aromatic amino acids after exhaustive aerobic exercise in trained athletes during three months of winter training...
November 23, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883373/clinical-impact-of-mixed-respiratory-viral-infection-in-children-with-adenoviral-infection
#19
Hyun Jun Lee, Young Eun Seo, Seung Beom Han, Dae Chul Jeong, Jin Han Kang
BACKGROUND: Although adenovirus (ADV) infection occurs steadily all year round in Korea and the identification of respiratory viral coinfections has been increasing following the introduction of multiplex real-time polymerase chain reaction tests, the clinical impact of viral coinfection in children with ADV infection has rarely been reported. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of children diagnosed with ADV infection were retrospectively reviewed. The enrolled children were divided into two groups based on the identified respiratory viruses: ADV group and coinfection group...
November 21, 2016: Infection & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882121/stress-induced-cardiomyopathy-following-infection-of-the-upper-respiratory-tract-in-an-elderly-female-patient-a-case-report
#20
Huaiyu Ding, Rongchong Huang, Xiaoli Shi, Baolin Wu
Stress-induced cardiomyopathy (SIC), also known as takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC), is a relatively newly-described condition, which has been increasingly reported in the literature. It is characterized by acute onset of symptoms and electrocardiogram changes mimicking myocardial infarction, with transient but completely reversible left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. SIC commonly occurs following physical or emotional stress. The present study discusses the case of a 68-year-old female patient who had suffered from infection of the upper respiratory tract for 10 days before admission to the hospital with symptoms of chest stuffiness and dyspnea that persisted for 2 days...
November 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
keyword
keyword
29408
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"