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Allergic rhinitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806766/sublingual-immunotherapy-slit-for-house-dust-mites-does-not-prevent-new-allergen-sensitization-and-bronchial-hyper-responsiveness-in-allergic-rhinitis-children
#1
Jae Hyun Lim, Jin Youp Kim, Doo Hee Han, Chul Hee Lee, Seung-No Hong, Jee Hye Wee, Sue K Park, Chae-Seo Rhee
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to identify the effects of sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) on immunologic parameters and bronchial-hyper-responsiveness in children with allergic rhinitis to house-dust mite (HDM), through long-term follow-up cohort. METHODS: Among the Allergic Rhinitis Cohort Study for Kids, pediatric patients who visited the hospital for rhinitis symptoms and proven allergy to HDM through skin prick test were studied. In this cohort, 37 patients received SLIT more than 3-years (SLIT group), and 184 patients received only pharmacologic therapy (non-SLIT group) were included in this study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804700/abridged-version-of-the-awmf-guideline-for-the-medical-clinical-diagnostics-of-indoor-mould-exposure-s2k-guideline-of-the-german-society-of-hygiene-environmental-medicine-and-preventive-medicine-ghup-in-collaboration-with-the-german-association-of-allergists
#2
Gerhard A Wiesmüller, Birger Heinzow, Ute Aurbach, Karl-Christian Bergmann, Albrecht Bufe, Walter Buzina, Oliver A Cornely, Steffen Engelhart, Guido Fischer, Thomas Gabrio, Werner Heinz, Caroline E W Herr, Jörg Kleine-Tebbe, Ludger Klimek, Martin Köberle, Herbert Lichtnecker, Thomas Lob-Corzilius, Rolf Merget, Norbert Mülleneisen, Dennis Nowak, Uta Rabe, Monika Raulf, Hans Peter Seidl, Jens-Oliver Steiß, Regine Szewszyk, Peter Thomas, Kerttu Valtanen, Julia Hurraß
This article is an abridged version of the AWMF mould guideline "Medical clinical diagnostics of indoor mould exposure" presented in April 2016 by the German Society of Hygiene, Environmental Medicine and Preventive Medicine (Gesellschaft für Hygiene, Umweltmedizin und Präventivmedizin, GHUP), in collaboration with the above-mentioned scientific medical societies, German and Austrian societies, medical associations and experts. Indoor mould growth is a potential health risk, even if a quantitative and/or causal relationship between the occurrence of individual mould species and health problems has yet to be established...
2017: Allergo Journal International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803150/residential-greenness-and-allergic-respiratory-diseases-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
K A Lambert, G Bowatte, R Tham, C Lodge, L Prendergast, J Heinrich, M J Abramson, S C Dharmage, B Erbas
BACKGROUND: The aetiology of allergic respiratory disease in children is not yet fully understood. Environmental factors are believed to play a major part. The amount of green vegetation surrounding the home (residential greenness) has been recently identified as a potentially important exposure OBJECTIVES: Our goal was to provide a systematic review and quantitative summary of the evidence regarding the relationship between residential greenness and allergic respiratory diseases in children...
August 10, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802371/how-can-we-improve-medical-adherence-to-intranasal-corticosteroids-in-children
#4
Emre Ocak, Deniz Kocaoz, Baran Acar
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the factors which may be related to nonadherence to intranasal corticosteroids (ICS) in the treatment of allergic rhinitis (AR) in children. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted on children with AR diagnosis in a tertiary referral hospital. All participants were provided with mometasone furoate nasal sprays for 30 days after the diagnosis. Caregivers were called back when the therapy was over and completed a questionnaire about the factors that may influence the adherence to the treatment...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802126/derp1-modified-dendritic-cells-attenuate-allergic-inflammation-by-regulating-the-development-of-t-helper-type1-th1-th2-cells-and-regulatory-t-cells-in-a-murine-model-of-allergic-rhinitis
#5
Shaoqing Yu, Bing Han, Shuangxi Liu, Hong Wang, Wenjie Zhuang, Yu Huang, Ruxin Zhang
The CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs) are known to regulate Th2-induced allergic rhinitis (AR). In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of Derp1-modified dendritic cells (DCs) in AR immunotherapy. Derp1 was synthesized and transfected into DCs to generate Derp1-modified DCs. Phenotypes of Derp1-modified DCs were analyzed with flow cytometry using antibodies against DC markers CD11c, CD11b, CD59, CD103 and Toll-like receptor 1(TLR1). Four groups of subject mice were formed; the controls were treated with immature DCs, while the AR mice models were sensitized with Derp1(AR) and treated with DCs(DC-AR) or Derp1-modified DCs (Derp1DC-AR)...
August 9, 2017: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802026/reversible-immune-abnormality-and-regulatory-t-cells-in-offspring-of-der-p-1-exposed-female-mice
#6
Lu Tan, Zezhang Tao, Yonggang Kong, Yu Xu
BACKGROUND: Maternal allergic diseases have an important influence on the origin of allergic rhinitis (AR) in offspring, but the mechanism and the duration of the maternal effect are unknown. Previous researches prompted the important roles of Tregs and Foxp3 DNA methylation in the development of allergic diseases. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the immune state and Tregs in the offspring of Der p 1-exposed female mice. METHOD: BALB/c female mice were exposed to Der p1 to construct the mouse AR model, then mated with normal male mice...
August 8, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801431/socioeconomic-and-geographical-variation-in-general-practitioner-consultations-for-allergic-rhinitis-in-england-2003-2014-an-observational-study
#7
Daniel Todkill, Paul Loveridge, Alex James Elliot, Roger Morbey, Simon de Lusignan, Obaghe Edeghere, Gillian Smith
OBJECTIVE: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a global health problem, potentially impacting individuals' sleep, work and social life. We aimed to use a surveillance network of general practitioners (GPs) to describe the epidemiology of AR consultations in England. SETTING: A large GP surveillance network covering approximately 53% of the English population. METHODS: GP consultations for AR across England between 30 December 2002 and 31 December 2014 were analysed...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799731/rhinology-specific-priority-setting-for-quality-improvement-a-modified-delphi-study-from-the-quality-improvement-committee-of-the-american-rhinologic-society
#8
Luke Rudmik, Jose L Mattos, Janalee K Stokken, Zachary M Soler, R Peter Manes, Thomas S Higgins, Michael Setzen, Jivianne Lee, John Schneider
BACKGROUND: Improving the quality of healthcare is a complex and resource intensive process. To optimize the allocation of scarce resources, quality improvement (QI) should focus on high-value diseases that will produce the largest improvement in health system performance. Given the breadth and multidisciplinary nature of sinonasal disease management, the purpose of this study was to transparently develop a prioritized list of sinonasal diseases for QI from the perspective of the specialty of rhinology and the American Rhinologic Society (ARS)...
August 11, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799727/cryosurgical-posterior-nasal-tissue-ablation-for-the-treatment-of-rhinitis
#9
Peter H Hwang, Bryant Lin, Raymond Weiss, James Atkins, Jacob Johnson
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic posterior nasal nerve (PNN) resection has been described as an efficacious surgical treatment of allergic and nonallergic rhinitis, but the requirement for surgery under general anesthesia has limited its acceptance. We report the first series of patients treated for chronic rhinitis using a novel device designed for office-based cryosurgical ablation of the PNN. METHODS: Twenty-seven patients with chronic rhinorrhea and/or nasal congestion for >3 months were recruited (allergic or nonallergic rhinitis), with minimum rhinorrhea and/or congestion subscores of 2 as part of the Total Nasal Symptom Score [TNSS])...
August 11, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797732/more-than-a-decade-follow-up-in-severe-or-difficult-to-treat-asthma-tenor-ii
#10
Bradley E Chipps, Tmirah Haselkorn, Brandee Paknis, Benjamin Ortiz, Eugene R Bleecker, Farid Kianifard, Aimee J Foreman, Stanley J Szefler, Robert S Zeiger
BACKGROUND: The Epidemiology and Natural History of Asthma: Outcomes and Treatment Regimens (TENOR I) study demonstrated high morbidity in patients with severe/difficult-to-treat asthma, despite standard-of-care treatment. OBJECTIVE: To determine the long-term natural history of disease and outcomes in patients in TENOR I, after more than a decade. METHODS: TENOR I was a multicenter, observational study (2001-2004) of 4756 patients with severe/difficult-to-treat asthma...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797520/symptoms-of-allergic-rhinitis-in-parakou-benin-prevalence-severity-and-associated-factors
#11
M-C Flatin, S Ade, S-H-R Hounkpatin, B Ametonou, U-B Vodouhe, W Adjibabi
AIMS: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is an extremely common disease. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and severity of AR symptoms and potential associated factors, in Parakou, a city in Benin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted between April and July 2016, involving inhabitants of the city aged between 6 and 65 years. Cluster sampling was carried out. AR symptoms were defined as the simultaneous presence of rhinorrhea, nasal obstruction and sneezing without evidence of respiratory infection...
August 7, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795430/occupational-contact-urticaria-and-protein-contact-dermatitis-causes-and-concomitant-airway-diseases
#12
Eva Helaskoski, Hille Suojalehto, Outi Kuuliala, Kristiina Aalto-Korte
BACKGROUND: Contact urticaria (CU) and protein contact dermatitis (PCD) are mainly induced by an immediate, IgE-mediated immunological mechanism. Immediate sensitization is also linked to asthma and/or allergic rhinitis. OBJECTIVES: To report causes of work-induced CU and PCD, and to evaluate the occurrence of concomitant airway diseases. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the patient files of cases diagnosed with CU or PCD at the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health during 1995-2011...
August 10, 2017: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792152/prevalence-and-clinical-characteristics-of-local-allergic-rhinitis-to-house-dust-mites
#13
Chang Gyu Jung, Ji Ho Lee, Ga Young Ban, Hae Sim Park, Yoo Seob Shin
Local allergic rhinitis (LAR) is a localized nasal allergic response in the absence of systemic atopy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and clinical characteristics of LAR in Korean rhinitis patients compared to allergic rhinitis (AR) and non-allergic rhinitis (NAR). A total of 304 rhinitis patients were enrolled from November 2014 to March 2016. A skin prick test, serum total and specific immunoglobulin E, and a nasal provocation test (NPT) with house dust mite (HDM) were performed on all patients...
September 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792151/physical-activity-sedentary-habits-sleep-and-obesity-are-associated-with-asthma-allergic-rhinitis-and-atopic-dermatitis-in-korean-adolescents
#14
Man Sup Lim, Chang Hee Lee, Songyong Sim, Sung Kwang Hong, Hyo Geun Choi
PURPOSE: Since pathophysiologic evidence has been raised to suggest that obesity could facilitate an allergic reaction, obesity has been known as an independent risk factor for allergic disease such as asthma. However, the relationship between sedentary behavior and lifestyle which could lead to obesity, and those allergic diseases remains unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed the relations between physical activity, including sitting time for study, sitting time for leisure and sleep time, and obesity, asthma, allergic rhinitis, and atopic dermatitis using the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey, which was conducted in 2013...
September 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775219/assessment-of-dietary-food-and-nutrient-intake-and-bone-density-in-children-with-eczema
#15
T F Leung, S S Wang, F Y Kwok, L W Leung, C M Chow, E K Hon
INTRODUCTION: Dietary restrictions are common among patients with eczema, and such practice may lead to diminished bone mineral density. This study investigated dietary intake and bone mineral density in Hong Kong Chinese children with eczema. METHODS: This cross-sectional and observational study was conducted in a university-affiliated teaching hospital in Hong Kong. Chinese children aged below 18 years with physician-diagnosed eczema were recruited from our paediatric allergy and dermatology clinics over a 6-month period in 2012...
August 4, 2017: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771810/increased-risk-of-cholesteatoma-among-patients-with-allergic-rhinitis-a-nationwide-investigation
#16
Chin-Lung Kuo, An-Suey Shiao, Hsyien-Chia Wen, Wei-Pin Chang
OBJECTIVES: No large population-based studies have reported on the risk of cholesteatoma developing after allergic rhinitis (AR). This study used a nationwide population-based claims database to investigate the hypothesis that AR may increase the risk of cholesteatoma. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: Data from Taiwan's Longitudinal Health Insurance Database were analyzed to compile the following: 1) 15,953 patients newly diagnosed with AR between 1997 and 2000, and 2) a comparison cohort of 63,812 matched non-AR enrollees (with a ratio of 1 to 4)...
August 3, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768771/activation-of-mas-related-g-protein-coupled-receptors-by-the-house-dust-mite-cysteine-protease-der-p1-provides-a-new-mechanism-linking-allergy-and-inflammation
#17
Vemuri B Reddy, Ethan A Lerner
Cysteine and serine proteases function via protease-activated (PARs) and mas-related G-protein coupled receptors (Mrgprs) to contribute to allergy and inflammation. Der p1 is a cysteine protease and major allergen from the house dust mite and is associated with allergic rhinitis and allergic asthma. Der p1 activates PAR2 and induces the release of the pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-6 from cells. However, the possibility that Der p1 acts on Mrgprs has not been considered. We report here that ratiometric calcium imaging reveals that Der p1 activates the human receptor MRGPRX1 and the mouse homolog MrgprC11, implicated previously in itch...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765818/characteristics-of-airborne-pollen-in-incheon-and-seoul-2015-2016
#18
Hye Ju So, Soon Jeong Moon, Seon Yeong Hwang, Jeong Hee Kim, Hae Ji Jang, Jung Heum Jo, Tae Jung Sung, Dae Hyun Lim
BACKGROUND: Pollen allergens are one of the main contributors to the development and/or aggravation of allergic rhinitis, allergic conjunctivitis, and asthma. OBJECTIVE: An examination of the airborne pollen in residential areas should be conducted to aid the diagnosis and treatment of allergic diseases. METHODS: Airborne pollen samples were collected from 2 sites in Incheon and 2 in Seoul from 2015 to 2016. RESULTS: The highest monthly concentration of airborne pollen was observed in May and September each year...
July 2017: Asia Pacific Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763131/the-effect-of-allergen-induced-bronchoconstriction-on-concentration-of-5-oxo-ete-in-exhaled-breath-condensate-of-house-dust-mite-allergic-patients
#19
Krzysztof Kowal, Anna Gielicz, Marek Sanak
BACKGROUND: Arachidonic acid metabolites regulate several aspects of airway function including inflammation, muscle contraction and mucous secretion. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate concentration of selected 5-lipoxygenase (LOX) and cyclooxygenase (COX)-derived eicosanoids in exhaled breath condensate (EBC) during allergen induced bronchoconstriction. METHODS: The study was performed on 24 allergic rhinitis/asthma patients sensitized to a house dust mite (HDM) Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Dp) and 13 healthy controls (HCs)...
August 1, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763046/increased-frequency-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-allergic-rhinitis-among-pesticide-sprayers-and-associations-with-pesticide-use
#20
Michalis Koureas, George Rachiotis, Andreas Tsakalof, Christos Hadjichristodoulou
Objective: The aim of this study was to identify diseases linked with the pesticide sprayer occupation and explore possible associations with exposure history data. Methods: Α cross sectional study was conducted among pesticide sprayers (n = 80) and the general population (n = 90) in Thessaly (Greece). Medical history, demographic characteristics and detailed exposure history were recorded by conducting personal interviews. Lifetime exposure indicators were calculated for several pesticide chemical subclasses...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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