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Nutritional supplements for pain

Gregory Plotnikoff, Melissa Barber
INTRODUCTION: Single-disorder or single-organ-system clinical practice guidelines are often of limited usefulness in guiding effective management of patients with chronic multidimensional signs and symptoms. The presence of multiple long-standing medical problems in a given patient despite intensive medical effort suggests that addressing systemic core imbalances could complement more narrowly focused approaches. CASE PRESENTATION: A 72-year-old man experiencing longstanding depression, fatigue, irritable bowel syndrome, and chronic pain in the context of additional refractory illnesses was assessed and treated, guided by a system-oriented approach to underlying core imbalances termed functional medicine...
October 14, 2016: Permanente Journal
Silje E Reme, Torill H Tveito, Anette Harris, Stein Atle Lie, Astrid Grasdal, Aage Indahl, Jens Ivar Brox, Tone Tangen, Eli Molde Hagen, Sigmund Gismervik, Arit Ødegård, Livar Fryland, Egil A Fors, Trudie Chalder, Hege R Eriksen
STUDY DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether a tailored and manualized cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) or nutritional supplements of seal oil and soy oil had any additional benefits over a brief cognitive intervention (BI) on return to work (RTW). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Brief intervention programs are clinically beneficial and cost-effective for patients with low back pain (LBP)...
October 15, 2016: Spine
Xiaoming Yuan, Guangrong Zhou, Yan He, Aiwen Feng
BACKGROUND: Epithelial dysplasia and adenomatous polyps of colorectum are precancerous lesions. Surgical removal is still one of the important treatment approaches for colorectal polyps. CASE PRESENTATION: A male patient over 78 years was admitted due to bloody stool and abdominal pain. Colonoscopic biopsy showed a high-grade epithelial dysplasia in an adenomatous polyp of sigmoid colon. Anemia, COPD, ischemic heart disease (IHD), arrhythmias, and hypoproteinemia were comorbidities...
September 26, 2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
Ramesh Devkota, G M Khan, Kadir Alam, Amisha Regmi, Binaya Sapkota
BACKGROUND: Drugs used during pregnancy can adversely affect the health and life of the mother and unborn child. However, the fact that drugs are needed to mitigate complications during pregnancy cannot be avoided. The present study was designed to identify the common complications during pregnancy and assess the medications that have been used to mitigate those complications in an attempt to improve drug prescribing during pregnancy. METHODS: A hospital based cross sectional study was conducted at Manipal Teaching Hospital, Nepal in 275 pregnant women presenting with at least one complication and the drugs prescribed for the management of those complications were analyzed...
2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Benjamin Kligler, Raymond Teets, Melissa Quick
Significant evidence supports the effectiveness and safety of several complementary or integrative treatment approaches to common primary care problems. Acupuncture is effective in the management of chronic low back pain. Mind-body interventions such as cognitive behavior therapy, yoga, tai chi, qi gong, and music therapy may be helpful for treating insomnia. Exercise can reduce anxiety symptoms. Herbal preparations and nutritional supplements can be useful as first-line therapy for certain conditions, such as fish oil for hypertriglyceridemia, St...
September 1, 2016: American Family Physician
M Ghavipour, G Sotoudeh, E Tavakoli, K Mowla, J Hasanzadeh, Z Mazloom
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Since the main characteristics of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) are joint dysfunction caused by inflammation and serious pain, anti-inflammatory agents may alleviate the clinical symptoms in RA. Pomegranate juice is rich in polyphenolic compounds that possess antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. This study aimed to determine the beneficial effects of pomegranate extract (POMx) in RA patients. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 55 RA patients were enrolled and randomly allocated to an intervention group (n=30) or a control group (n=25)...
August 31, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Jessica Drummond, Deborah Ford, Stephanie Daniel, Tara Meyerink
BACKGROUND: A 28-y-old athletic woman was diagnosed with vulvodynia and long-term irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and was treated successfully with an elimination diet. CASE/INTERVENTION: In the course of 6 mo of nutrition therapy utilizing an elimination diet, specific foods triggering abdominal bloating and pain, and vulvovaginal pain were identified. In the course of treatment, the nutrition and supplement program instituted for this patient allowed her to return to her prior functional level without pain (including sexual activity) and resolution of her IBS...
August 2016: Integrative Medicine
Brian A Darlow, P J Graham, Maria Ximena Rojas-Reyes
BACKGROUND: Vitamin A is necessary for normal lung growth and the integrity of respiratory tract epithelial cells. Preterm infants have low vitamin A status at birth and this has been associated with an increased risk of developing chronic lung disease. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate supplementation with vitamin A on the incidence of death or neonatal chronic lung disease and long-term neurodevelopmental disability in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants compared with a control (placebo or no supplementation), and to consider the effect of the supplementation route, dose, and timing...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Shahida A Khan, Ghazi Damanhouri, Ashraf Ali, Sarah A Khan, Aziz Khan, Ahmed Bakillah, Samy Marouf, Ghazi Al Harbi, Saeed H Halawani, Ahmad Makki
Nutritional research in sickle cell disease has been the focus in recent times owing to not only specific nutritional deficiencies, but also the improvements associated with less painful episodes. Though hydroxyurea remains the drug of choice, certain adverse health effects on long term supplementation makes room for researches of different compounds. Macro and micro nutrient deficiencies, along with vitamins, play an important role in not only meeting the calorific needs, but also reducing clinical complications and growth abnormalities...
2016: Nutrition & Metabolism
Kevin Rod
Background. Chronic pain is prevalent, disabling, costly, and undertreated. There is clearly a need to improve patient understanding of ways to manage their pain. Internet-based programs are continually being developed to facilitate mental health improvement, providing tailored content for patients to manage their pain, anxiety, and depression. Objective. To evaluate the impact of Internet-based patient self-management education and activities on patients' pain, anxiety, and quality of life in patients who could not access multidisciplinary pain management...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
George I Mataliotakis, Athanasios I Tsirikos, Karen Pearson, Don S Urquhart, Carolyn Smith, Andrew Fall
Spinal deformity in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) is usually mild requiring no treatment. These patients are rarely considered as surgical candidates for scoliosis correction, as the pulmonary condition and other comorbidities increase the risk of general anaesthesia and recovery. This paper reviews all the literature up to date with regard to scoliosis in patients with CF and reports this unique case of a 14-year-old Caucasian girl with progressive scoliosis, who was treated surgically at the age of 17...
2016: Case Reports in Orthopedics
Onize Oniwon, Jennifer A F Tender, Jianping He, Elyshe Voorhees, Rachel Y Moon
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding rates for low-income, African American infants remain low. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the barriers, support, and influences for infant feeding decisions among women enrolled in the Washington, DC, Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) after revisions in the WIC package to include more food vouchers for breastfeeding mothers and their infants and improvement of in-hospital breastfeeding support...
July 7, 2016: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
Gee Su Yang, Hee Jun Kim, Kathleen A Griffith, Shijun Zhu, Susan G Dorsey, Cynthia L Renn
BACKGROUND: Aromatase inhibitors (AIs) have been established as successful adjuvant therapy for breast cancer survivors. Unfortunately, nearly half of women taking AIs report joint pain, AI-associated arthralgia (AIA). Aromatase inhibitor-associated arthralgia often results in noncompliance, which could lead to cancer recurrence. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify current pain management of AIA and to evaluate the study quality and effects of interventions...
June 21, 2016: Cancer Nursing
Karen E Assmann, Valentina A Andreeva, Géraldine M Camilleri, Eric O Verger, Claude Jeandel, Serge Hercberg, Pilar Galan, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot
Although nutrition has been advocated as a major determinant of healthy ageing (HA), studies investigating the link between dietary quality and HA are scarce. We investigated the association between adherence to French food-based and nutrient-based guidelines at midlife, as assessed by three dietary scores, and HA. HA was assessed in 2007-2009, among 2329 participants of the SUpplémentation en Vitamines et Minéraux AntioXydants study aged 45-60 years at baseline (1994-1995) and initially free of diabetes, CVD and cancer...
August 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
Carole Fisher, David Sibbritt, Louise Hickman, Jon Adams
INTRODUCTION: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is used for treating cyclic perimenstrual pain and discomfort. This critical review examines women's reported CAM use, its perceived effectiveness and information relating to women's attitudes, behaviors, motivations and patterns of CAM use in its treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An extensive search of the main medical databases EBSCO, CINAHL, Medline, AMED and SCOPUS, as well as additional hand searches, was conducted...
August 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Charles M M Peeters, Eva Visser, Cornelis L P Van de Ree, Taco Gosens, Brenda L Den Oudsten, Jolanda De Vries
BACKGROUND: With an increasing ageing population, hip fractures have become a major public health issue in the elderly. It is important to examine the health status (HS) and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of the elderly faced with the epidemic of hip fractures. OBJECTIVE: To provide an overview of reported HS and HRQOL in elderly patients with a hip fracture. DESIGN: A systematic literature search was performed in Embase, Medline, Web of Science, Scopus, CINAHL, Cochrane, PsycINFO, Pubmed, and Google Scholar in July 2014...
July 2016: Injury
C Willy, M Stichling, M Engelhardt, D Vogt, D A Back
The primary care of Gustilo-Anderson type IIIC extremity injuries with relevant vessel lacerations is decisive for the success of a limb salvage procedure. This article shall present substantial emergency procedures for the salvage of the nutritive perfusion of a mangled extremity, based on the current literature. After provisory control of a peripheral haemorrhage (e. g. by manual pressure or tourniquet), an immediate decision must be made about the kind of emergency revascularization to be implemented as the limb salvage procedure...
May 2016: Der Unfallchirurg
Thiago S Carvalho, Pierre Colon, Carolina Ganss, Marie-Charlotte Huysmans, Adrian Lussi, Nadine Schlueter, Gottfried Schmalz, Peter R Shellis, Anne Björg Tveit, Annette Wiegand
OBJECTIVE: Due to an increased focus on erosive tooth wear (ETW), the European Federation of Conservative Dentistry (EFCD) considered ETW as a relevant topic for generating this consensus report. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This report is based on a compilation of the scientific literature, an expert conference, and the approval by the General Assembly of EFCD. RESULTS: ETW is a chemical-mechanical process resulting in a cumulative loss of hard dental tissue not caused by bacteria, and it is characterized by loss of the natural surface morphology and contour of the teeth...
2016: Swiss Dental Journal
Shishira Bharadwaj, Krishna Meka, Parul Tandon, Abdullah Rathur, John M Rivas, Hiren Vallabh, Andrea Jevenn, John Guirguis, Imran Sunesara, Amy Nischnick, Andrew Ukleja
Gastroparesis (GP) is a chronic debilitating dysmotility characterized by unrelenting nausea, vomiting, bloating, early satiety, postprandial fullness and abdominal pain. Patients with GP experience other associated conditions, including gastroesophageal reflux disease, gastric bezoars and small bowel bacterial overgrowth. Furthermore, GP is associated with poor quality of life, increased emergency room visits, hospitalizations and subsequent increased healthcare costs. Currently, the managements of GP consist of glycemic control, antiemetics, prokinetics and the use of gastric electrical stimulation...
May 2016: Journal of Digestive Diseases
Darya Dabiri, Margherita Fontana, Yvonne Kapila, George Eckert, Karen Sokal-Gutierrez
OBJECTIVE: The objectives were to assess early childhood caries (ECC) in rural areas of El Salvador and to investigate the changes in caries and mouth pain in the presence of community-based interventions. METHODS: This study was a retrospective analysis of de-identified and anonymous data obtained from baseline and four annual follow-up visits that focused on the preventive oral health intervention and nutrition in a convenience sample of children 0-6 years of age...
August 2016: International Dental Journal
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