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Nutritional supplements for pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328869/inflammatory-bowel-diseases-and-fermentable-oligosaccharides-disaccharides-monosaccharides-and-polyols-an-overview
#1
Sandra Maria Barbalho, Ricardo de Alvares Goulart, Ana Luíza de Carvalho Aranão, Pamela Grazielle Correa de Oliveira
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) are mainly represented by ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, and the increase in the incidence tends to follow the rapid industrialization and lifestyle of modern societies. FODMAP (fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols) consist of molecules that are poorly absorbed in the small intestine and are fermented by bacteria in the colon leading to symptoms such as bloating, flatulence, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. Reduction of the ingestion of FODMAP could reduce the symptoms and improve the quality of life...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260510/interventions-for-managing-taste-disturbances
#2
REVIEW
Sumanth Kumbargere Nagraj, Renjith P George, Naresh Shetty, David Levenson, Debra M Ferraiolo, Ashish Shrestha
BACKGROUND: The sense of taste is very much essential to the overall health of an individual. It is a necessary component to enjoy one's food, which in turn provides nutrition to an individual. Any disturbance in taste perception can hamper quality of life in such patients by influencing their appetite, body weight and psychological well-being. Taste disorders have been treated using different modalities of treatment and there is no consensus for the best intervention. Hence this Cochrane Review was undertaken...
December 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214616/a-randomized-controlled-trial-evaluating-methylsulfonylmethane-versus-placebo-to-prevent-knee-pain-in-military-initial-entry-trainees
#3
David J Tennent, Christina M Hylden, Benjamin K Kocher, James K Aden, Anthony E Johnson
BACKGROUND: Methylsulfonylmethane (MSM) is a naturally occurring sulfur containing substance that has been shown to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidative properties. Previous studies using MSM as an oral supplement to improve pain in those patients with knee osteoarthritis have shown superiority compared to placebo. However, these studies are not translatable to active individuals performing high impact activities and have not evaluated MSM as a preventative measure. METHODS: A total of 180 subjects ranging in age from 18 to 40 years were enrolled...
October 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189365/using-integrative-medicine-in-pain-management-an-evaluation-of-current-evidence
#4
REVIEW
Yuan-Chi Lin, Limeng Wan, Robert N Jamison
Complementary medicine therapies are frequently used to treat pain conditions such as headaches and neck, back, and joint pain. Chronic pain, described as pain lasting longer than 3-6 months, can be a debilitating condition that has a significant socioeconomic impact. Pharmacologic approaches are often used for alleviating chronic pain, but recently there has been a reluctance to prescribe opioids for chronic noncancer pain because of concerns about tolerance, dependence, and addiction. As a result, there has been increased interest in integrative medicine strategies to help manage pain and to reduce reliance on prescription opioids to manage pain...
December 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181845/interventions-for-preventing-oral-mucositis-in-patients-with-cancer-receiving-treatment-cytokines-and-growth-factors
#5
REVIEW
Philip Riley, Anne-Marie Glenny, Helen V Worthington, Anne Littlewood, Luisa M Fernandez Mauleffinch, Jan E Clarkson, Martin G McCabe
BACKGROUND: Oral mucositis is a side effect of chemotherapy, head and neck radiotherapy, and targeted therapy, affecting over 75% of high-risk patients. Ulceration can lead to severe pain and difficulty with eating and drinking, which may necessitate opioid analgesics, hospitalisation and supplemental nutrition. These complications may disrupt cancer therapy, which may reduce survival. There is also a risk of death from sepsis if pathogens enter the ulcers of immunocompromised patients...
November 28, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152248/nutritional-management-of-search-and-rescue-dogs
#6
G Vassalotti, N Musco, P Lombardi, S Calabrò, R Tudisco, V Mastellone, R Grazioli, S Bianchi, M I Cutrignelli
Dogs used for search and rescue (SAR) may experience continuous micro-traumas that predispose them to skeletal disorders. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of diet on osteo-articular apparatus in healthy SAR dogs. A total of sixteen SAR dogs were divided into two groups (low supplementation (LS) and high supplementation (HS)) and were fed for 3 months with two experimental diets, characterised by the same protein and energy density, but different in n-3 PUFA (6·2 v. 8·4 % of metabolisable energy), chondroitin sulfate (219·8 v...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122501/psychoneuroimmunological-approach-to-gastrointestinal-related-pain
#7
REVIEW
Karlo Toljan, Bruce Vrooman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE (AIMS): Psychoneuroimmunology is both a theoretical and practical field of medicine in which human biology and psychology are considered an interconnected unity. Through such a framework it is possible to elucidate complex syndromes in gastrointestinal related pain, particularly chronic non-malignant. The aim is to provide insight into pathophysiological mechanisms and suggest treatment modalities according to a comprehensive paradigm. The article also presents novel findings that may guide clinicians to recognize new targets or scientists to find new research topics...
November 6, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080699/therapeutic-potential-of-omega-3-fatty-acid-derived-epoxyeicosanoids-in-cardiovascular-and-inflammatory-diseases
#8
REVIEW
Wolf-Hagen Schunck, Anne Konkel, Robert Fischer, Karsten-Henrich Weylandt
Numerous benefits have been attributed to dietary long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LC-PUFAs), including protection against cardiac arrhythmia, triglyceride-lowering, amelioration of inflammatory, and neurodegenerative disorders. This review covers recent findings indicating that a variety of these beneficial effects are mediated by "omega-3 epoxyeicosanoids", a class of novel n-3 LC-PUFA-derived lipid mediators, which are generated via the cytochrome P450 (CYP) epoxygenase pathway. CYP enzymes, previously identified as arachidonic acid (20:4n-6; AA) epoxygenases, accept eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5n-3; EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n-3; DHA), the major fish oil n-3 LC-PUFAs, as efficient alternative substrates...
November 7, 2017: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019951/chemotherapy-related-toxicity-nutritional-status-and-quality-of-life-in-precachectic-oncologic-patients-with-or-without-high-protein-nutritional-support-a-prospective-randomized-study
#9
Monika Ziętarska, Joanna Krawczyk-Lipiec, Leszek Kraj, Renata Zaucha, Sylwia Małgorzewicz
BACKGROUND: Cancer disease is usually associated with impaired nutritional status, which is one of the factors contributing to deterioration of the results of surgery, chemotherapy or radiotherapy. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to determine whether nutritional support with high protein (ONS) in adult oncologic patients in the first step of cancer cachexia-asymptomatic precachexia, has an influence on the toxicity of systemic therapy. However, secondary endpoints were established: to determine whether high protein ONS influences the nutritional status, the quality of life, and the performance status...
October 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912191/high-versus-low-energy-administration-in-the-early-phase-of-acute-pancreatitis-goulash-trial-protocol-of-a-multicentre-randomised-double-blind-clinical-trial
#10
Katalin Márta, Anikó N Szabó, Dániel Pécsi, Péter Varjú, Judit Bajor, Szilárd Gódi, Patrícia Sarlós, Alexandra Mikó, Kata Szemes, Mária Papp, Tamás Tornai, Áron Vincze, Zsolt Márton, Patrícia A Vincze, Erzsébet Lankó, Andrea Szentesi, Tímea Molnár, Roland Hágendorn, Nándor Faluhelyi, István Battyáni, Dezső Kelemen, Róbert Papp, Attila Miseta, Zsófia Verzár, Markus M Lerch, John P Neoptolemos, Miklós Sahin-Tóth, Ole H Petersen, Péter Hegyi
INTRODUCTION: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is an inflammatory disease with no specific treatment. Mitochondrial injury followed by ATP depletion in both acinar and ductal cells is a recently discovered early event in its pathogenesis. Importantly, preclinical research has shown that intracellular ATP delivery restores the physiological function of the cells and protects from cell injury, suggesting that restoration of energy levels in the pancreas is therapeutically beneficial. Despite several high quality experimental observations in this area, no randomised trials have been conducted to date to address the requirements for energy intake in the early phase of AP...
September 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860415/t2-relaxation-time-increases-in-lumbar-intervertebral-discs-after-21d-head-down-tilt-bed-rest
#11
T Koy, B Ganse, J Zange, J Rittweger, R Pohle-Fröhlich, P Fings-Meuthen, B Johannes, D Felsenberg, P Eysel, P M Bansmann, D L Belavý
OBJECTIVES: Spaceflight back pain and intervertebral disc (IVD) herniations cause problems in astronauts. Purpose of this study was to assess changes in T2-relaxation-time through MRI measurements before and after head-down tilt bed-rest, a spaceflight analog. METHODS: 8 men participated in the bed-rest study. Subjects remained in 6° head down tilt bed-rest in two campaigns of 21 days, and received a nutritional intervention (potassium bicarbonate 90 mmol/d) in a cross-over design...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Musculoskeletal & Neuronal Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859364/impact-of-supplemental-home-enteral-feeding-postesophagectomy-on-nutrition-body-composition-quality-of-life-and-patient-satisfaction
#12
C L Donohoe, L A Healy, M Fanning, S L Doyle, A Mc Hugh, J Moore, N Ravi, J V Reynolds
The aim of this prospective cohort study is to analyze the impact of supplemental home enteral nutrition (HEN) post-esophageal cancer surgery on nutritional parameters, quality of life (QL), and patient satisfaction. A systematic review reported that over 60% of patients lose >10% of both body weight and BMI by 6 months after esophagectomy. Enteral feeding (EF) is increasingly a modern standard postoperatively; however, the impact of extended HEN postdischarge has not been systematically studied. One hundred forty-nine consecutive patients [mean age 62 ± 9, 80% male,76% adenocarcinoma, 66% on multimodal protocols, and 69% with BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2] were studied...
September 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846948/biopsy-proven-progressive-fatty-liver-disease-nine-months-post-mini-gastric-bypass-surgery-a-case-study
#13
Mohammad Ali Kalantar Motamedi, Nasser Rakhshani, Alireza Khalaj, Maryam Barzin
INTRODUCTION: Mini-gastric bypass (MGB) is a popular bariatric procedure. Its effect on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), however, has not yet been comprehensively studied. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 57 year-old non-alcoholic female with a body mass index of 42.8kg/m(2) underwent MGB without any incident. A concurrent liver biopsy showed an NAFLD activity score (NAS) of 2/8 without fibrosis. She presented at postoperative month eight with edema, vague abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting and was hospitalized...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736511/effects-of-methylsulfonylmethane-msm-on-exercise-induced-oxidative-stress-muscle-damage-and-pain-following-a-half-marathon-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#14
Eric D Withee, Kimberly M Tippens, Regina Dehen, Deanne Tibbitts, Douglas Hanes, Heather Zwickey
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress and muscle damage occur during exhaustive bouts of exercise, and many runners report pain and soreness as major influences on changes or breaks in training regimens, creating a barrier to training persistence. Methylsulfonylmethane (MSM) is a sulfur-based nutritional supplement that is purported to have pain and inflammation-reducing effects. To investigate the effects of MSM in attenuating damage associated with physical exertion, this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study evaluated the effects of MSM supplementation on exercise-induced pain, oxidative stress and muscle damage...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664809/importance-of-nutrition-in-preventing-and-treating-pressure-ulcers
#15
Carolyn Taylor
Pressure ulcers are painful, and affect patients' health, mobility and well-being. They also cost the NHS between £1.4-2.1 billion a year. Although a large proportion of pressure ulcers are avoidable, many still occur and, because pressure ulcer incidence is an indicator of care quality, it can put carers under scrutiny. The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence states that adequate risk assessment of pressure ulcer development, including the role of malnutrition, improves care. Adequate nutrition is vital for the prevention of pressure ulcers and malnutrition can hinder healing when pressure ulcers have developed...
June 30, 2017: Nursing Older People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631809/anabolic-steroids-for-treating-pressure-ulcers
#16
REVIEW
Cho Naing, Maxine A Whittaker
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers, also known as bed sores, pressure sores or decubitus ulcers develop as a result of a localised injury to the skin or underlying tissue, or both. The ulcers usually arise over a bony prominence, and are recognised as a common medical problem affecting people confined to a bed or wheelchair for long periods of time. Anabolic steroids are used as off-label drugs (drugs which are used without regulatory approval) and have been used as adjuvants to usual treatment with dressings, debridement, nutritional supplements, systemic antibiotics and antiseptics, which are considered to be supportive in healing of pressure ulcers...
June 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586603/evaluating-the-risk-of-osteoporosis-through-bone-mass-density
#17
Sayeeda Amber Sayed, Asif Khaliq, Ashar Mahmood
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is a bone disorder, characterized by loss of bone mass density. Osteoporosis affects more than 30% of post-menopausal women. Osteoporosis is often associated with restricted body movement, pain and joint deformities. Early identification and early intervention can help in reducing these complications. The primary objective of this study was to estimate the burden of Osteoporosis in Urban setting of Sindh among women of different age groups and to access the effect of different protective measures that can reduce the risk of Osteoporosis...
October 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511517/holistic-healing-through-herbs-effectiveness-of-aloe-vera-on-post-extraction-socket-healing
#18
Vijaya Lakshmi Nimma, Harsha Vardhan Talla, Jaya Krishna Bairi, Madhulatha Gopaldas, Haritha Bathula, Sandeep Vangdoth
INTRODUCTION: Advances in the field of alternative medicine has encouraged the use of various natural products for multiple uses in the field of dentistry for treatment of various oral diseases. A natural herbal product is Aloe vera, which has number of benefits with no reported side effects and gaining considerable importance in clinical research. AIM: The aim of this cross-sectional randomized interventional study was to evaluate the effectiveness of Aloe vera in the healing of post extraction sockets...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469510/a-study-of-use-of-port-catheter-in-patients-with-cancer-a-single-center-experience
#19
Irappa Madabhavi, Apurva Patel, Malay Sarkar, Asha Anand, Harsha Panchal, Sonia Parikh
BACKGROUND: Effective and reliable venous access is one of the cornerstones of modern medical therapy in oncology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective observational study, which collected data of patients who require "PORT" catheter insertion for any cancer, at a tertiary care oncology hospital in Ahmadabad, Gujarat, India, during a 2-year period. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The main objective of this study was to study the various complications and outcomes related to "PORT" catheters...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265543/herbs-and-natural-supplements-in-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-delayed-onset-muscle-soreness
#20
REVIEW
Abbas Meamarbashi
OBJECTIVE: Unaccustomed and intense eccentric exercise is a common cause of delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS). There are multiple remedies for the treatment of DOMS, but its clinical and laboratory pieces of evidence are scarce. Currently, the treatments proposed for DOMS are numerous and include pharmaceuticals, herbal remedies, stretching, massage, nutritional supplements, and other alternatives. To find a holistic treatment with effective pain relief and minimum side effects, complementary and alternative medicine, including herbal therapies, plays a main role...
January 2017: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
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