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Nutritional supplements for pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912939/dietary-supplementation-is-more-prevalent-among-adults-with-arthritis-in-the-united-states-population
#1
Patrick B Wilson
OBJECTIVES: Sparse data are available to describe the prevalence of dietary supplementation among individuals with arthritis. Using a nationally representative sample, this investigation assessed the prevalence of dietary supplement use among Americans self-reporting arthritis. SETTING AND DESIGN: Data from 4606 participants of the 2011-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed, including from 1170 participants self-reporting arthritis...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878805/pancreatic-enzyme-replacement-therapy-for-people-with-cystic-fibrosis
#2
REVIEW
Usha Rani Somaraju, Arturo Solis-Moya
BACKGROUND: Most people with cystic fibrosis (80% to 90%) need pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy to prevent malnutrition. Enzyme preparations need to be taken whenever food is taken, and the dose needs to be adjusted according to the food consumed. A systematic review on the efficacy and safety of pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy is needed to guide clinical practice, as there is variability between centres with respect to assessment of pancreatic function, time of commencing treatment, dose and choice of supplements...
November 23, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855684/do-expectancies-of-return-to-work-and-job-satisfaction-predict-actual-return-to-work-in-workers-with-long-lasting-lbp
#3
Jon Opsahl, Hege R Eriksen, Torill H Tveito
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders including low back pain have major individual and socioeconomic consequences as it often leads to disability and long-term sick leave and exclusion from working life. Predictors of disability and return to work often differ, and the dominant knowledge is on predictors for prolonged sick leave and disability. Therefore it is also important to identify key predictors for return to work. The aim of the study was to assess if overall job satisfaction and expectancies of return to work predicts actual return to work after 12 months, among employees with long lasting low back pain, and to assess if there were gender differences in the predictors...
November 17, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813341/pharmacological-and-biological-therapeutic-strategies-for-osteogenesis-imperfecta
#4
Ronit Marom, Yi-Chien Lee, Ingo Grafe, Brendan Lee
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a connective tissue disorder characterized by bone fragility, low bone mass, and bone deformities. The majority of cases are caused by autosomal dominant pathogenic variants in the COL1A1 and COL1A2 genes that encode type I collagen, the major component of the bone matrix. The remaining cases are caused by autosomal recessively or dominantly inherited mutations in genes that are involved in the post-translational modification of type I collagen, act as type I collagen chaperones, or are members of the signaling pathways that regulate bone homeostasis...
November 3, 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part C, Seminars in Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768569/refractory-depression-fatigue-irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-chronic-pain-a-functional-medicine-case-report
#5
Gregory Plotnikoff, Melissa Barber
INTRODUCTION: Single-disorder or single-organ-system clinical practice guidelines are often of limited usefulness in guiding effective management of patients with chronic multidimensional signs and symptoms. The presence of multiple long-standing medical problems in a given patient despite intensive medical effort suggests that addressing systemic core imbalances could complement more narrowly focused approaches. CASE PRESENTATION: A 72-year-old man experiencing longstanding depression, fatigue, irritable bowel syndrome, and chronic pain in the context of additional refractory illnesses was assessed and treated, guided by a system-oriented approach to underlying core imbalances termed functional medicine...
2016: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760062/cognitive-interventions-and-nutritional-supplements-the-cins-trial-a-randomized-controlled-multicenter-trial-comparing-a-brief-intervention-with-additional-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-seal-oil-and-soy-oil-for-sick-listed-low-back-pain-patients
#6
Silje E Reme, Torill H Tveito, Anette Harris, Stein Atle Lie, Astrid Grasdal, Aage Indahl, Jens Ivar Brox, Tone Tangen, Eli Molde Hagen, Sigmund Gismervik, Arit Ødegård, Livar Fryland, Egil A Fors, Trudie Chalder, Hege R Eriksen
STUDY DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether a tailored and manualized cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) or nutritional supplements of seal oil and soy oil had any additional benefits over a brief cognitive intervention (BI) on return to work (RTW). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Brief intervention programs are clinically beneficial and cost-effective for patients with low back pain (LBP)...
October 15, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669818/a-minor-but-deadly-surgery-of-colonic-polypectomy-in-an-elderly-and-fragile-patient-a-case-report-and-the-review-of-literature
#7
Xiaoming Yuan, Guangrong Zhou, Yan He, Aiwen Feng
BACKGROUND: Epithelial dysplasia and adenomatous polyps of colorectum are precancerous lesions. Surgical removal is still one of the important treatment approaches for colorectal polyps. CASE PRESENTATION: A male patient over 78 years was admitted due to bloody stool and abdominal pain. Colonoscopic biopsy showed a high-grade epithelial dysplasia in an adenomatous polyp of sigmoid colon. Anemia, COPD, ischemic heart disease (IHD), arrhythmias, and hypoproteinemia were comorbidities...
September 26, 2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644958/medication-utilization-pattern-for-management-of-pregnancy-complications-a-study-in-western-nepal
#8
Ramesh Devkota, G M Khan, Kadir Alam, Amisha Regmi, Binaya Sapkota
BACKGROUND: Drugs used during pregnancy can adversely affect the health and life of the mother and unborn child. However, the fact that drugs are needed to mitigate complications during pregnancy cannot be avoided. The present study was designed to identify the common complications during pregnancy and assess the medications that have been used to mitigate those complications in an attempt to improve drug prescribing during pregnancy. METHODS: A hospital based cross sectional study was conducted at Manipal Teaching Hospital, Nepal in 275 pregnant women presenting with at least one complication and the drugs prescribed for the management of those complications were analyzed...
2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583423/complementary-integrative-therapies-that-work-a-review-of-the-evidence
#9
Benjamin Kligler, Raymond Teets, Melissa Quick
Significant evidence supports the effectiveness and safety of several complementary or integrative treatment approaches to common primary care problems. Acupuncture is effective in the management of chronic low back pain. Mind-body interventions such as cognitive behavior therapy, yoga, tai chi, qi gong, and music therapy may be helpful for treating insomnia. Exercise can reduce anxiety symptoms. Herbal preparations and nutritional supplements can be useful as first-line therapy for certain conditions, such as fish oil for hypertriglyceridemia, St...
September 1, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577177/pomegranate-extract-alleviates-disease-activity-and-some-blood-biomarkers-of-inflammation-and-oxidative-stress-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients
#10
M Ghavipour, G Sotoudeh, E Tavakoli, K Mowla, J Hasanzadeh, Z Mazloom
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Since the main characteristics of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) are joint dysfunction caused by inflammation and serious pain, anti-inflammatory agents may alleviate the clinical symptoms in RA. Pomegranate juice is rich in polyphenolic compounds that possess antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. This study aimed to determine the beneficial effects of pomegranate extract (POMx) in RA patients. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 55 RA patients were enrolled and randomly allocated to an intervention group (n=30) or a control group (n=25)...
August 31, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574494/vulvodynia-and-irritable-bowel-syndrome-treated-with-an-elimination-diet-a-case-report
#11
Jessica Drummond, Deborah Ford, Stephanie Daniel, Tara Meyerink
BACKGROUND: A 28-y-old athletic woman was diagnosed with vulvodynia and long-term irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and was treated successfully with an elimination diet. CASE/INTERVENTION: In the course of 6 mo of nutrition therapy utilizing an elimination diet, specific foods triggering abdominal bloating and pain, and vulvovaginal pain were identified. In the course of treatment, the nutrition and supplement program instituted for this patient allowed her to return to her prior functional level without pain (including sexual activity) and resolution of her IBS...
August 2016: Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552058/vitamin-a-supplementation-to-prevent-mortality-and-short-and-long-term-morbidity-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#12
REVIEW
Brian A Darlow, P J Graham, Maria Ximena Rojas-Reyes
BACKGROUND: Vitamin A is necessary for normal lung growth and the integrity of respiratory tract epithelial cells. Preterm infants have low vitamin A status at birth and this has been associated with an increased risk of developing chronic lung disease. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate supplementation with vitamin A on the incidence of death or neonatal chronic lung disease and long-term neurodevelopmental disability in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants compared with a control (placebo or no supplementation), and to consider the effect of the supplementation route, dose, and timing...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27508000/precipitating-factors-and-targeted-therapies-in-combating-the-perils-of-sickle-cell-disease-a-special-nutritional-consideration
#13
REVIEW
Shahida A Khan, Ghazi Damanhouri, Ashraf Ali, Sarah A Khan, Aziz Khan, Ahmed Bakillah, Samy Marouf, Ghazi Al Harbi, Saeed H Halawani, Ahmad Makki
Nutritional research in sickle cell disease has been the focus in recent times owing to not only specific nutritional deficiencies, but also the improvements associated with less painful episodes. Though hydroxyurea remains the drug of choice, certain adverse health effects on long term supplementation makes room for researches of different compounds. Macro and micro nutrient deficiencies, along with vitamins, play an important role in not only meeting the calorific needs, but also reducing clinical complications and growth abnormalities...
2016: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445632/finding-ways-to-lift-barriers-to-care-for-chronic-pain-patients-outcomes-of-using-internet-based-self-management-activities-to-reduce-pain-and-improve-quality-of-life
#14
Kevin Rod
Background. Chronic pain is prevalent, disabling, costly, and undertreated. There is clearly a need to improve patient understanding of ways to manage their pain. Internet-based programs are continually being developed to facilitate mental health improvement, providing tailored content for patients to manage their pain, anxiety, and depression. Objective. To evaluate the impact of Internet-based patient self-management education and activities on patients' pain, anxiety, and quality of life in patients who could not access multidisciplinary pain management...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27413564/scoliosis-surgery-in-cystic-fibrosis-surgical-considerations-and-the-multidisciplinary-approach-of-a-rare-case
#15
George I Mataliotakis, Athanasios I Tsirikos, Karen Pearson, Don S Urquhart, Carolyn Smith, Andrew Fall
Spinal deformity in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) is usually mild requiring no treatment. These patients are rarely considered as surgical candidates for scoliosis correction, as the pulmonary condition and other comorbidities increase the risk of general anaesthesia and recovery. This paper reviews all the literature up to date with regard to scoliosis in patients with CF and reports this unique case of a 14-year-old Caucasian girl with progressive scoliosis, who was treated surgically at the age of 17...
2016: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27389999/reasons-for-infant-feeding-decisions-in-low-income-families-in-washington-dc
#16
Onize Oniwon, Jennifer A F Tender, Jianping He, Elyshe Voorhees, Rachel Y Moon
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding rates for low-income, African American infants remain low. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the barriers, support, and influences for infant feeding decisions among women enrolled in the Washington, DC, Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) after revisions in the WIC package to include more food vouchers for breastfeeding mothers and their infants and improvement of in-hospital breastfeeding support...
July 7, 2016: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27333128/interventions-for-the-treatment-of-aromatase-inhibitor-associated-arthralgia-in-breast-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Gee Su Yang, Hee Jun Kim, Kathleen A Griffith, Shijun Zhu, Susan G Dorsey, Cynthia L Renn
BACKGROUND: Aromatase inhibitors (AIs) have been established as successful adjuvant therapy for breast cancer survivors. Unfortunately, nearly half of women taking AIs report joint pain, AI-associated arthralgia (AIA). Aromatase inhibitor-associated arthralgia often results in noncompliance, which could lead to cancer recurrence. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify current pain management of AIA and to evaluate the study quality and effects of interventions...
June 21, 2016: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27301412/dietary-scores-at-midlife-and-healthy-ageing-in-a-french-prospective-cohort
#18
Karen E Assmann, Valentina A Andreeva, Géraldine M Camilleri, Eric O Verger, Claude Jeandel, Serge Hercberg, Pilar Galan, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot
Although nutrition has been advocated as a major determinant of healthy ageing (HA), studies investigating the link between dietary quality and HA are scarce. We investigated the association between adherence to French food-based and nutrient-based guidelines at midlife, as assessed by three dietary scores, and HA. HA was assessed in 2007-2009, among 2329 participants of the SUpplémentation en Vitamines et Minéraux AntioXydants study aged 45-60 years at baseline (1994-1995) and initially free of diabetes, CVD and cancer...
August 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27185060/a-critical-review-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use-by-women-with-cyclic-perimenstrual-pain-and-discomfort-a-focus-upon-prevalence-patterns-and-applications-of-use-and-users-motivations-information-seeking-and-self-perceived-efficacy
#19
REVIEW
Carole Fisher, David Sibbritt, Louise Hickman, Jon Adams
INTRODUCTION: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is used for treating cyclic perimenstrual pain and discomfort. This critical review examines women's reported CAM use, its perceived effectiveness and information relating to women's attitudes, behaviors, motivations and patterns of CAM use in its treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An extensive search of the main medical databases EBSCO, CINAHL, Medline, AMED and SCOPUS, as well as additional hand searches, was conducted...
August 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27178770/quality-of-life-after-hip-fracture-in-the-elderly-a-systematic-literature-review
#20
REVIEW
Charles M M Peeters, Eva Visser, Cornelis L P Van de Ree, Taco Gosens, Brenda L Den Oudsten, Jolanda De Vries
BACKGROUND: With an increasing ageing population, hip fractures have become a major public health issue in the elderly. It is important to examine the health status (HS) and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of the elderly faced with the epidemic of hip fractures. OBJECTIVE: To provide an overview of reported HS and HRQOL in elderly patients with a hip fracture. DESIGN: A systematic literature search was performed in Embase, Medline, Web of Science, Scopus, CINAHL, Cochrane, PsycINFO, Pubmed, and Google Scholar in July 2014...
July 2016: Injury
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