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Anomalous origin of the left pulmonary artery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091021/presence-of-reduced-regional-left-ventricular-function-even-in-the-absence-of-left-ventricular-wall-scar-tissue-in-the-long-term-after-repair-of-an-anomalous-left-coronary-artery-from-the-pulmonary-artery
#1
Sarah Nordmeyer, Boris Schmitt, Boris Nasseri, Vladimir Alexi-Meskishvili, Titus Kuehne, Felix Berger, Johannes Nordmeyer
BACKGROUND: We sought to assess left ventricular regional function in patients with and without left ventricular wall scar tissue in the long term after repair of an anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery. METHODS: A total of 20 patients aged 12.8±7.4 years were assessed 10 (0.5-17) years after the repair of an anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery; of them, 10 (50%) patients showed left ventricular wall scar tissue on current cardiac MRI...
November 1, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062380/anomalous-left-coronary-artery-from-the-pulmonary-artery-presenting-with-atypical-chest-pain-in-an-adult-a-case-report
#2
Reza Jafarzadeh Esfehani, Sara Hosseini, Mahmood Ebrahimi, Majid Jalalyazdi, Azadeh Mahmoudi Gharaee
The anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) is a rare congenital anomaly. The usual clinical course is severe left-sided heart failure and mitral valve insufficiency presenting during the first months of life. However, in some cases, the collateral blood supply from the right coronary artery is sufficient and symptoms may be subtle or even absent. We describe a 49-year-old woman presenting with atypical chest pain during physical exertion. The exercise tolerance test and then coronary angiography by indication revealed an anomalous origin of the left coronary artery...
July 2017: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056679/coronary-artery-anomalies-in-animals
#3
REVIEW
Brian A Scansen
Coronary artery anomalies represent a disease spectrum from incidental to life-threatening. Anomalies of coronary artery origin and course are well-recognized in human medicine, but have received limited attention in veterinary medicine. Coronary artery anomalies are best described in the dog, hamster, and cow though reports also exist in the horse and pig. The most well-known anomaly in veterinary medicine is anomalous coronary artery origin with a prepulmonary course in dogs, which limits treatment of pulmonary valve stenosis...
April 12, 2017: Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050847/anomalous-origin-of-the-left-coronary-artery-from-the-pulmonary-artery-presenting-in-adulthood-a-french-nationwide-retrospective-study
#4
Laura Le Berre, Alban-Elouen Baruteau, Alain Fraisse, Dominique Boulmier, Maria Jimenez, Bruno Gallet, Karine Warin Fresse, Jacques Mansourati, Patrice Guerin
Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) is a rare congenital heart disease usually diagnosed during the first months of life. Without surgical treatment, ALCAPA carries a high mortality risk, and disease presentation in adulthood is rare. We describe the diagnosis and management of patients presenting with ALCAPA in adulthood. This multicenter French nationwide retrospective study included adult patients diagnosed from 1980 to 2014. Eleven adult patients (mean age: 38 ± 17 years) were analyzed...
August 25, 2017: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033517/alcapa-syndrome-and-atrial-septal-defect-in-a-68-year-old-woman-an-extremely-rare-congenital-association
#5
Tayyar Cankurt, Burak Acar, Selahattin Aydın, Orhan Maden
Anomalous left coronary artery arising from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) has been generally reported as an isolated lesion that is also called Bland-White-Garland syndrome. Herein we report a case of ALCAPA syndrome with an atrial septal defect in a 68-year-old woman. She had been asymptomatic until the age of 68. Echocardiographic examination revealed atrial septal defect, and coronary angiography showed that the left main coronary artery originated from the pulmonary artery and intensive collateral connections between the right and left coronary artery...
July 2017: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937040/surgical-outcomes-of-anomalous-origin-of-the-left-coronary-artery-from-the-pulmonary-artery-in-children-an-echocardiography-follow-up
#6
Yan Gao, Jing Zhang, Guo-Ying Huang, Xue-Cun Liang, Bing Jia, Xiao-Jing Ma
BACKGROUND: Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) is a rare but potentially life-threatening congenital heart defect. A retrospective analysis was carried out to elucidate the surgical outcomes of ALCAPA in infants and children using follow-up echocardiography. METHODS: From September 2008 to March 2017, 26 children diagnosed with ALCAPA underwent left coronary re-implantation. All surviving patients received echocardiography during follow-up...
October 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901224/coronary-revascularization-in-children-at-a-mexican-cardiac-center-thirteen-year-outcomes
#7
Samuel E Ramírez-Marroquín, Alejandra Iturriaga-Hernández, Juan Calderón-Colmenero, Antonio Benita-Bordes, Jorge L Cervantes-Salazar
BACKGROUND: The indications for pediatric coronary revascularization are diverse. There are a large proportion of patients with sequelae of severe inflammatory diseases such as Kawasaki disease, and other less common causes. METHODS: Retrospective review of ten pediatric patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery from January 2004 to December 2016. RESULTS: Ten children and adolescents ranging in age from 2 to 17 (median, 6) years at operation were followed up for as long as 13 years with a median follow-up of 2 years...
September 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894060/-redo-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-for-postoperative-vein-graft-stenosis-of-anomalous-origin-of-the-left-coronary-artery-from-the-pulmonary-artery-report-of-a-case
#8
Taro Minamida, Takashi Sugiki, Masamichi Itou, Yasuhiro Kamikubo, Makoto Takahira
Bland-White-Garland (BWG) syndrome (anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery) is a rare disease which may result in myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure or sometimes death during the early infantile period. We present a 57-year-old female with BWG syndrome. At the age of 20, she was diagnosed with BWG syndrome and underwent coronary artery bypass grafting of a saphenous vein to the proximal portion of the anterior descending branch of the left coronary artery and ligation of the anomalous artery...
September 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890565/anaesthetic-management-of-infants-posted-for-repair-of-anomalous-origin-of-left-coronary-artery-from-pulmonary-artery
#9
Chitralekha Patra, Naveen G Singh, N Manjunatha, Anand Bhatt
First described in 1908, anomalous origin of left coronary artery from pulmonary artery is a very rare congenital anomaly. Here, the right coronary artery is usually enlarged and has a normal origin from aorta. Numerous collaterals connect the two coronary arteries over right ventricular outflow tract or interventricular septum. It is one of the most common causes of myocardial ischaemia and infarction in children.
August 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701611/the-utility-of-targeted-perioperative-transthoracic-echocardiography-in-managing-an-adult-patient-with-anomalous-origin-of-the-left-coronary-artery-pulmonary-artery-for-noncardiac-surgery
#10
Anudeep Jafra, Suman Arora, Aveek Jayant
Congenital coronary artery anomalies as a whole are uncommon. Abnormal origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) is probably the most common congenital coronary defect. An overwhelming majority of the patients with untreated ALCAPA do not survive to adulthood. As yet, there is no consensus on the management of adults with ALCAPA. We describe a patient with breast malignancy and incidentally detected ALCAPA; primacy was given to treatment of the oncologic condition as a first step...
July 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664539/imaging-the-elusive-anomalous-origin-of-left-coronary-artery-from-pulmonary-artery
#11
Deepa Sasikumar, Bijulal Sasidharan, Baiju S Dharan, Sivasubramanian Sivasankaran, Kavasseri M Krishnamoorthy
A 7-year-old girl with severe mitral regurgitation and pulmonary artery hypertension with good ventricular function was planned for mitral valve repair, but was subsequently diagnosed to have anomalous left coronary artery from pulmonary artery. We describe the pitfalls in the diagnosis of this rare anomaly, particularly in the presence of severe pulmonary artery hypertension and absence of circumstantial evidence of coronary steal and ventricular dysfunction.
June 29, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652677/anomalous-origin-of-circumflex-coronary-artery-from-right-pulmonary-artery-associated-with-atrial-septal-defect
#12
Mustafa A Al-Muhaya, Aitizaz Syed, Abdul Hameed A Najjar, Mohammad Mofeed, Mansour Al-Mutairi
We describe a 4-year-old girl with anomalous origin of the left circumflex coronary artery from the right pulmonary artery and large atrial septal defect. This is the first reported case of such association. Surgical reimplantation of the anomalous left circumflex coronary artery to the aorta and atrial septal defect surgical closure was performed, with no postoperative complications.
July 2017: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651802/echocardiographic-diagnosis-surgical-treatment-and-outcomes-of-anomalous-left-coronary-artery-from-the-pulmonary-artery
#13
Shivani G Patel, Michele A Frommelt, Peter C Frommelt, Shelby Kutty, Jonathan W Cramer
BACKGROUND: Anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) is a rare condition that can be difficult to diagnose by echocardiography alone. The purpose of this study was to describe the clinical and echocardiographic presentation of ALCAPA, create a set of critical echocardiographic diagnostic criteria, and report outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of all patients diagnosed with isolated ALCAPA at two major cardiac centers between 1990 and 2015...
September 2017: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651676/anomalous-origin-of-the-left-coronary-artery-from-the-right-pulmonary-artery-in-a-univentricular-heart
#14
Ziyad M Binsalamah, Diego A Lara, Emmett D McKenzie
Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the right pulmonary artery in single ventricles is a very rare congenital anomaly. Failure to recognise it preoperatively may lead to adverse outcomes, including death. We report the case of a neonate with a univentricular heart in the form of a double-outlet right ventricle, mitral atresia with discrete coarctation of the aorta, and an incidental intraoperative finding of an anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the right pulmonary artery. The patient underwent a successful repair with an uneventful postoperative course...
June 27, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597744/noninvasive-techniques-for-the-diagnosis-of-anomalous-origin-of-the-left-coronary-artery-from-the-pulmonary-artery-in-adult-patients
#15
Natalia DłużNiewska, Magdalena Kostkiewicz, Lidia Tomkiewicz-Pająk, Maciej Krupiński, Jakub Podolec, Maria Olszowska, Piotr Podolec
Background Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) is a rare congenital cardiac anomaly which requires surgical treatment, which improves left ventricular function and clinical outcomes. The definitive diagnosis of ALCAPA is based on coronary angiography, however, noninvasive visualization of the origin of the coronary artery is often helpful in the diagnosis of ALCAPA. Objectives The purpose of this study was to evaluate noninvasive techniques for the diagnosis of ALCAPA, and present the clinical outcomes in adults after surgical correction of ALCAPA...
February 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566821/mid-term-outcomes-of-surgical-repair-for-anomalous-origin-of-the-left-coronary-artery-from-the-pulmonary-artery-in-infants-children-and-adults
#16
Maziar Gholampour Dehaki, Alwaleed Al-Dairy, Yousef Rezaei, Alireza Alizadeh Ghavidel, Gholamreza Omrani, Nader Givtaj, Reza Sadat Afjehi, Hassan Tatari, Amir Hossein Jalali, Mohammad Mahdavi
BACKGROUND: Anomalous origin of left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) is a rare congenital malformation. We sought to evaluate in-hospital and mid-term outcomes of patients with a diagnosis of ALCAPA who underwent surgical repair. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to evaluate the mid-term outcomes of surgical repair of ALCAPA at our center and to analyze the surgical techniques used. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective study, we analyzed early and mid-term clinical and echocardiographic data to determine the outcomes of patients who underwent surgical repair of ALCAPA in our institution between 2005 and 2015...
May 2017: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533990/anomalous-origin-of-right-coronary-artery-originating-from-the-pulmonary-trunk-arcapa-an-incidental-finding-in-a-patient-presenting-with-chest-pain
#17
Pragathi Balakrishna, Michael Illovsky, Youssef M Al-Saghir, Abdul M Minhas
Anomalous origin of the right coronary artery originating from the pulmonary trunk (ARCAPA) is a rare congenital coronary anomaly with an estimated prevalence of 0.002%. Most patients are asymptomatic and the anomaly is detected incidentally during evaluation for other problems. Occasionally, ARCAPA may lead to myocardial ischemia and/or sudden cardiac arrest. We present a case of a 55-year-old female with a history of hypertension who presented to the emergency department with intermittent chest discomfort for three days...
April 17, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520537/anomalous-origin-of-right-coronary-artery-from-left-coronary-sinus-13-cases-treated-with-the-reimplantation-technique
#18
Alain Cubero, Alejandro Crespo, Gadah Hamzeh, Andrés Cortes, Daniel Rivas, José Ignacio Aramendi
OBJECTIVES: Anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery is uncommon but potentially clinically significant. Manifestations vary from asymptomatic patients to those who present with angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, heart failure, syncope, arrhythmias, and sudden death. We describe our experience with surgical reimplantation and results at midterm follow-up. METHODS: Between February 2003 and July 2016, a total of 13 patients with anomalous origin of the right coronary artery (RCA) from the left sinus underwent surgical reimplantation...
May 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518124/direct-re-implantation-of-left-coronary-artery-into-the-aorta-in-adults-with-anomalous-origin-of-left-coronary-artery-from-the-pulmonary-artery-alcapa
#19
Reza Tavakoli, Peiman Jamshidi, Nassrin Yamani, Max Gassmann
Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) is a rare congenital anomaly which is one of leading causes of myocardial ischemia and infarction in children. If left untreated, it results in a 90% mortality rate in the first year of life. In patients who survive to the adulthood, the coronary steal phenomenon and retrograde left-sided coronary flow provide a substrate for chronic subendocardial ischemia, which may lead to left ventricular dysfunction, ischemic mitral regurgitation, malignant ventricular arrhythmias, and sudden cardiac death...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515755/common-origin-of-all-three-coronary-arteries-from-the-right-sinus-of-valsalva-first-case-study-accompanied-by-mitral-valve-prolapse-and-vein-anomaly-second-case-study-followed-by-successful-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-of-right-coronary-artery-stenosis
#20
Brygida Przywara-Chowaniec, Agata Puzio, Łukasz Czarnecki, Damian Kawecki, Jan Głowacki, Ewa Nowalany-Kozielska, Aleksandra Czarnecka
Congenital anomalies of the coronary arteries can be divided into two broad categories: those that alter myocardial perfusion and those that do not. In coronary anomalies not altering myocardial perfusion, the coronary arteries originate from the aorta, but their origins are in unusual positions. Although myocardial perfusion is normal, the angiographer may have trouble locating them. Patients with an anomalous left main coronary artery arising from the right sinus of Valsalva are presented. The diagnosis was made by coronary angiography, transesophageal echocardiography and multislice computed tomography (MSCT)...
March 2017: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
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