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Perinatal nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807190/socioeconomic-differences-in-mortality-in-the-antiretroviral-therapy-era-in-agincourt-rural-south-africa-2001-13-a-population-surveillance-analysis
#1
Chodziwadziwa W Kabudula, Brian Houle, Mark A Collinson, Kathleen Kahn, Francesc Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Stephen Tollman, Samuel J Clark
BACKGROUND: Understanding the effects of socioeconomic disparities in health outcomes is important to implement specific preventive actions. We assessed socioeconomic disparities in mortality indicators in a rural South African population over the period 2001-13. METHODS: We used data from 21 villages of the Agincourt Health and socio-Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS). We calculated the probabilities of death from birth to age 5 years and from age 15 to 60 years, life expectancy at birth, and cause-specific and age-specific mortality by sex (not in children <5 years), time period, and socioeconomic status (household wealth) quintile for HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis, other communicable diseases (excluding HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis) and maternal, perinatal, and nutritional causes, non-communicable diseases, and injury...
September 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780682/assessing-the-risk-of-having-small-for-gestational-age-newborns-among-lebanese-underweight-and-normal-pre-pregnancy-weight-women
#2
Rym El Rafei, Hussein A Abbas, Hind Alameddine, Ayah Al Bizri, Imad Melki, Khalid A Yunis
Introduction It has been established that underweight women with low gestational weight gain (GWG) are at a higher risk of having Small for Gestational Age (SGA) newborns. However, the association remains poorly studied in Middle Eastern societies exhibiting different ethnic groups, genetic predisposing factors along with differences in nutritional food intake during pregnancy. The aim of this study is to assess the risk of having a SGA newborn among underweight and normal weight BMI women while studying the role of GWG in this association...
August 5, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761500/predicting-factors-of-depression-antidepressant-use-and-positive-response-to-antidepressants-in-perinatal-and-postpartum-women
#3
Huyen Vu, Fadia T Shaya
BACKGROUND: In the United States, there is a disparity in knowledge of nationwide depression prevalence, the antidepressant use and the antidepressant responses during perinatal/postpartum periods. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the predicting factors of depression, antidepressant use and positive antidepressant response during the perinatal/postpartum periods. METHOD: The 2007-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) were combined to identify adult pregnant women, those within the 18-month postpartum period (n=492) and their depression statuses via demographics, health care accessibility, antidepressant use and illicit drug use information...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715482/impact-of-maternal-body-mass-index-and-gestational-weight-gain-on-neonatal-outcomes-among-healthy-middle-eastern-females
#4
Tatiana Papazian, Georges Abi Tayeh, Darine Sibai, Hala Hout, Imad Melki, Lydia Rabbaa Khabbaz
BACKGROUND: Studies on the relative impact of body mass index in women in childbearing age and gestational weight gain on neonatal outcomes are scarce in the Middle East. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this research was to assess the impact of maternal body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) on neonatal outcomes. The effect of maternal age and folic acid supplementation before and during pregnancy was also examined. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective cross sectional observational study of 1000 full term deliveries of women enrolled thru the National Collaborative Perinatal Neonatal Network, in Lebanon...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715436/use-of-water-turnover-method-to-measure-mother-s-milk-flow-in-a-rat-model-application-to-dams-receiving-a-low-protein-diet-during-gestation-and-lactation
#5
Thomas Sevrin, Marie-Cécile Alexandre-Gouabau, Dominique Darmaun, Antoine Palvadeau, Agnès André, Patrick Nguyen, Khadija Ouguerram, Clair-Yves Boquien
Assessment of milk production is of utmost relevance for pediatricians and scientists interested in early life nutrition. The weight-suckle-weight (WSW) method, which consists of weighing babies before and after they suckle their mother, uses the difference in body weight as an estimate of milk intake. However, this is prone to many sources of error. In the current study, we used for the first time the water turnover method and compartmental analysis with deuterated water (D2O) as a non-toxic tracer to quantify in vivo milk production in a rat model...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707502/appraisal-of-the-psychiatric-diagnostic-screening-questionnaire-in-a-perinatal-cohort-the-apron-study
#6
Brenda Leung, Nicole Letourneau, Katherine Bright, Gerald F Giesbrecht, Henry Ntanda, Lisa Gagnon
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are routinely screened as part of perinatal care. However, other Axis 1 disorders and specific anxiety disorders are less likely to be screened or assessed as part of obstetric care. The objective of this study was to determine whether the Psychiatric Diagnostic Screening Questionnaire (PDSQ) is a potentially useful tool to screen for psychiatric conditions in pregnant and postpartum women in a community setting. METHODS: We compared the prevalence of DSM Axis I disorders obtained on the PDSQ with: (1) the prevalence of these disorders reported in previous studies of pregnant and postpartum women, and (2) scores obtained on the Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale (EPDS) and the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90R) anxiety scale...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690183/perinatal-protein-deprivation-facilitates-morphine-cross-sensitization-to-cocaine-and-enhances-%C3%AE-fosb-expression-in-adult-rats
#7
María Cecilia Perondi, María Cecilia Gutiérrez, Analía Valdomero, Gabriel Ricardo Cuadra
Previous studies have indicated that neural changes induced by early nutritional insult cause an altered response to pharmacological treatments, including addictive drugs. This study evaluates the influence of perinatal protein malnutrition in developing cross-sensitization to cocaine-induced rewarding effects in animals pre-exposed to morphine. Different groups of well-nourished (C-rats) and protein-deprived animals (D-rats) were treated twice a day for three days with increasing doses of morphine or with saline...
July 6, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687307/altered-neurobiological-function-of-brainstem-hypoglossal-neurons-in-digeorge-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome
#8
Xin Wang, Corey Bryan, Anthony-Samuel LaMantia, David Mendelowitz
DiGeorge/22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome (22q11DS) is a common genetic microdeletion syndrome that underlies several neurodevelopmental disorders including autism, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and schizophrenia. In addition to cognitive impairments, those with 22q11DS have disrupted feeding and swallowing from birth onward. This perinatal dysphagia significantly compromises nutritional status, impairs appropriate weight gain, and can lead to life threatening aspiration-based infections. Appropriately timed excitation and inhibition of brainstem hypoglossal motor neurons, which innervate tongue muscles, is essential for proper feeding and swallowing...
July 4, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662095/population-growth-is-limited-by-nutritional-impacts-on-pregnancy-success-in-endangered-southern-resident-killer-whales-orcinus-orca
#9
Samuel K Wasser, Jessica I Lundin, Katherine Ayres, Elizabeth Seely, Deborah Giles, Kenneth Balcomb, Jennifer Hempelmann, Kim Parsons, Rebecca Booth
The Southern Resident killer whale population (Orcinus orca) was listed as endangered in 2005 and shows little sign of recovery. These fish eating whales feed primarily on endangered Chinook salmon. Population growth is constrained by low offspring production for the number of reproductive females in the population. Lack of prey, increased toxins and vessel disturbance have been listed as potential causes of the whale's decline, but partitioning these pressures has been difficult. We validated and applied temporal measures of progesterone and testosterone metabolites to assess occurrence, stage and health of pregnancy from genotyped killer whale feces collected using detection dogs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653126/impact-of-metabolic-hormones-secreted-in-human-breast-milk-on-nutritional-programming-in-childhood-obesity
#10
REVIEW
Pilar Amellali Badillo-Suárez, Maricela Rodríguez-Cruz, Xóchitl Nieves-Morales
Obesity is the most common metabolic disease whose prevalence is increasing worldwide. This condition is considered a serious public health problem due to associated comorbidities such as diabetes mellitus and hypertension. Perinatal morbidity related to obesity does not end with birth; this continues affecting the mother/infant binomial and could negatively impact on metabolism during early infant nutrition. Nutrition in early stages of growth may be essential in the development of obesity in adulthood, supporting the concept of "nutritional programming"...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Mammary Gland Biology and Neoplasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651107/how-seasonality-and-weather-affect-perinatal-health-comparing-the-experiences-of-indigenous-and-non-indigenous-mothers-in-kanungu-district-uganda
#11
Sarah MacVicar, Lea Berrang-Ford, Sherilee Harper, Vivienne Steele, Shuaib Lwasa, Didacus Namanya Bambaiha, Sabastien Twesigomwe, Grace Asaasira, Nancy Ross
Maternal and newborn health disparities and the health impacts of climate change present grand challenges for global health equity, and there remain knowledge gaps in our understanding of how these challenges intersect. This study examines the pathways through which mothers are affected by seasonal and meteorological factors in sub-Saharan Africa in general, and Kanungu District (Uganda), in particular. We conducted a community-based study consisting of focus group discussions with mothers and interviews with health care workers in Kanungu District...
June 19, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630250/amplification-of-mglu5-endocannabinoid-signaling-rescues-behavioral-and-synaptic-deficits-in-a-mouse-model-of-adolescent-and-adult-dietary-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-imbalance
#12
Antonia Manduca, Anissa Bara, Thomas Larrieu, Olivier Lassalle, Corinne Joffre, Sophie Layé, Olivier J Manzoni
Energy-dense, yet nutritionally poor food is a high-risk factor for mental health disorders. This is of particular concern during adolescence, a period often associated with increased consumption of low nutritional content food and higher prevalence of mental health disorders. Indeed, there is an urgent need to understand the mechanisms linking unhealthy diet and mental disorders. Deficiency in n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) is a hallmark of poor nutrition and mood disorders. Here, we developed a mouse model of n-3 PUFA deficiency lasting from adolescence into adulthood...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625218/the-response-of-male-and-female-rats-to-a-high-fructose-diet-during-adolescence-following-early-administration-of-hibiscus-sabdariffa-aqueous-calyx-extracts
#13
K G Ibrahim, E Chivandi, F B O Mojiminiyi, K H Erlwanger
Metabolic syndrome is linked to the consumption of fructose-rich diets. Nutritional and pharmacological interventions perinatally can cause epigenetic changes that programme an individual to predispose or protect them from the development of metabolic diseases later. Hibiscus sabdariffa (HS) reportedly has anti-obesity and hypocholesterolaemic properties in adults. We investigated the impact of neonatal intake of HS on the programming of metabolism by fructose. A total of 85 4-day-old Sprague Dawley rats were divided randomly into three groups...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620423/vitamin-d-in-pregnancy-current-perspectives-and-future-directions
#14
REVIEW
Mairead Kiely, Andrea Hemmingway, Karen M O'Callaghan
As neonatal vitamin D status is determined by circulating maternal 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations, prevention of maternal vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy is essential for the avoidance of neonatal deficiency. However, a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency has been extensively reported among gravidae and neonates from ethnic minorities and white populations resident at high latitude. Currently, regulatory authorities recommend vitamin D intakes for pregnant women that are similar to non-pregnant adults of the same age, at 10-15 µg/day (400-600 IU), to meet 25(OH)D thresholds of 25-50 nmol/liter...
June 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617414/obesity
#15
REVIEW
Pedro González-Muniesa, Miguel-Angel Mártinez-González, Frank B Hu, Jean-Pierre Després, Yuji Matsuzawa, Ruth J F Loos, Luis A Moreno, George A Bray, J Alfredo Martinez
Excessive fat deposition in obesity has a multifactorial aetiology, but is widely considered the result of disequilibrium between energy intake and expenditure. Despite specific public health policies and individual treatment efforts to combat the obesity epidemic, >2 billion people worldwide are overweight or obese. The central nervous system circuitry, fuel turnover and metabolism as well as adipose tissue homeostasis are important to comprehend excessive weight gain and associated comorbidities. Obesity has a profound impact on quality of life, even in seemingly healthy individuals...
June 15, 2017: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595087/maternal-high-fat-diet-leads-to-hippocampal-and-amygdala-dendritic-remodeling-in-adult-male-offspring
#16
Yoottana Janthakhin, Marion Rincel, Anna-Maria Costa, Muriel Darnaudéry, Guillaume Ferreira
Early-life exposure to calorie-dense food, rich in fat and sugar, contributes to the increasing prevalence of obesity and its associated adverse cognitive and emotional outcomes at adulthood. It is thus critical to determine the impact of such nutritional environment on neurobehavioral development. In animals, maternal high-fat diet (HFD) consumption impairs hippocampal function in adult offspring, but its impact on hippocampal neuronal morphology is unknown. Moreover, the consequences of perinatal HFD exposure on the amygdala, another important structure for emotional and cognitive processes, remain to be established...
September 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559916/maternal-sensitivity-and-social-support-protect-against-childhood-atopic-dermatitis
#17
Nicole L Letourneau, Anita L Kozyrskyj, Nela Cosic, Henry N Ntanda, Lubna Anis, Martha J Hart, Tavis S Campbell, Gerald F Giesbrecht
BACKGROUND: Many studies have identified associations between qualities of maternal-child relationships and childhood asthma, but few have examined associations with childhood atopic dermatitis (AD), a common precursor to asthma. Moreover, maternal psychological distress, including prenatal and postnatal depression, anxiety and stress, may increase risk, while social support from partners may reduce risk for childhood AD. We sought to uncover the association between maternal-infant relationship qualities (maternal sensitivity towards infant behavioral signals, controlling behavior, and unresponsiveness) and child AD after accounting for risk (i...
2017: Allergy, Asthma, and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555324/low-maternal-circulating-levels-of-vitamin-d-as-potential-determinant-in-the-development-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#18
REVIEW
S Triunfo, A Lanzone, P G Lindqvist
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), defined as any glucose intolerance with the onset or first recognition during pregnancy, is characterized by rising incidence, fostered by the worldwide increase of pathological nutritional status from young age. Clinical research has intended to identify potential risk factors, suggested improvements in screening strategies, and recommended the combination between promotion of an appropriate lifestyle before and during pregnancy and selected therapeutic approaches. Preventing pathological hyperglycemia could have several benefits, ranging from clinical side (reduction in the risk of adverse perinatal and long-term sequelae) to financial side (cost reduction to healthcare systems)...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542302/influence-of-catch-up-growth-on-spatial-learning-and-memory-in-a-mouse-model-of-intrauterine-growth-restriction
#19
Cristina Duran Fernandez-Feijoo, Cristina Carrasco Carrasco, Núria Villalmazo Francisco, Judit Cebrià Romero, Jose Ramon Fernández Lorenzo, J C Jiménez-Chillaron, Marta Camprubí Camprubí
BACKGROUND: Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and rapid postnatal weight gain or catch up growth (CUG) increase the susceptibility to metabolic syndrome during adult life. Longitudinal studies have also revealed a high incidence of learning difficulties in children with IUGR. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of nutrition and CUG on learning memory in an IUGR animal model. We hypothesized that synaptic protein expression and transcription, an essential mechanism for memory consolidation, might be affected by intrauterine undernutrition...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486543/preterm-brain-injury-on-term-equivalent-age-mri-in-relation-to-perinatal-factors-and-neurodevelopmental-outcome-at-two-years
#20
Margaretha J Brouwer, Karina J Kersbergen, Britt J M van Kooij, Manon J N L Benders, Ingrid C van Haastert, Corine Koopman-Esseboom, Jeffrey J Neil, Linda S de Vries, Hiroyuki Kidokoro, Terrie E Inder, Floris Groenendaal
OBJECTIVES: First, to apply a recently extended scoring system for preterm brain injury at term-equivalent age (TEA-)MRI in a regional extremely preterm cohort; second, to identify independent perinatal factors associated with this score; and third, to assess the prognostic value of this TEA-MRI score with respect to early neurodevelopmental outcome. STUDY DESIGN: 239 extremely preterm infants (median gestational age [range] in weeks: 26.6 [24.3-27.9]), admitted to the Wilhelmina Children's Hospital between 2006 and 2012 were included...
2017: PloS One
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