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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219991/impacts-on-global-health-from-nursing-research
#1
Kimberly Baltzell, Monica McLemore, Mona Shattell, Sally Rankin
Infectious disease continues to adversely affect populations in low- and middle-income countries. Investments in solutions often focus on technology, yet health-care workers remain in short supply. Nurses are the largest cadre of health-care workers and are largely responsible for patient care around the world. In fact, it is estimated that nurses care for nine out of every 10 patients seen. Importantly, sound nursing science contributes to solutions that directly impact patient care, especially, those that pertain to infectious disease...
February 20, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219412/moving-from-control-to-elimination-of-schistosomiasis-in-sub-saharan-africa-time-to-change-and-adapt-strategies
#2
REVIEW
Louis-Albert Tchuem Tchuenté, David Rollinson, J Russell Stothard, David Molyneux
Schistosomiasis is a water borne parasitic disease of global importance and with ongoing control the disease endemic landscape is changing. In sub-Saharan Africa, for example, the landscape is becoming ever more heterogeneous as there are several species of Schistosoma that respond in different ways to ongoing preventive chemotherapy and the inter-sectoral interventions currently applied. The major focus of preventive chemotherapy is delivery of praziquantel by mass drug administration to those shown to be, or presumed to be, at-risk of infection and disease...
February 20, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217938/impact-of-provider-competition-under-global-budgeting-on-the-use-of-cesarean-delivery
#3
Bradley Chen, Chin-Shyan Chen, Tsai-Ching Liu
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of provider competition under global budgeting on the use of cesarean delivery in Taiwan. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: (1) Quarterly inpatient claims data of all clinics and hospitals with birth-related expenses from 2000 to 2008; (2) file of health facilities' basic characteristics; and (3) regional quarterly point values (price conversion index) for clinics and hospitals, respectively, from the fourth quarter in 1999 to the third quarter in 2008, from the Statistics of the National Health Insurance Administration...
February 19, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217574/india-in-search-of-right-universal-health-coverage-uhc-model-the-risks-of-implementing-uhc-in-the-absence-of-political-demand-by-the-citizen
#4
EDITORIAL
Raman Kumar, Pritam Roy
Amid the global push for Universal Health Coverage (UHC), the agenda is being set for India's health care. In the absence of a constitutional mandate, a national policy and citizen-led political demand for UHC, there exist specific risks in rushing toward its implementation in India. As the debate of UHC continues, the health-care delivery system in India is at cross roads. UHC in India could take two different trajectories. The first one takes India toward becoming "Global Bazaar" of morbidity and ill health, founded on the pillars of a vibrant rapidly multiplying healthcare industry...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187841/what-does-it-mean-to-be-a-global-citizen
#5
Sandra K Cesario
Becoming aware of global trends and issues is the first step in understanding one's position and role within a larger global context, thereby aiding in the development of an individual's global identity. Gaining an understanding and appreciation of the interconnectedness of our world as well as respecting and valuing existing diversity provide a foundation that enables us to challenge injustice and take action in personally meaningful ways. Nursing is a profession that is found in every country and has the inherent ability to bridge cultures through the delivery of universally accessible health care...
February 2017: Nursing for Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185268/interventions-for-raising-breast-cancer-awareness-in-women
#6
REVIEW
Máirín O'Mahony, Harry Comber, Tony Fitzgerald, Mark A Corrigan, Eileen Fitzgerald, Elizabeth A Grunfeld, Maura G Flynn, Josephine Hegarty
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer continues to be the most commonly diagnosed cancer in women globally. Early detection, diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer are key to better outcomes. Since many women will discover a breast cancer symptom themselves, it is important that they are breast cancer aware i.e. have the knowledge, skills and confidence to detect breast changes and present promptly to a healthcare professional. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of interventions for raising breast cancer awareness in women...
February 10, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178918/global-health-training-among-u-s-residency-specialties-a-systematic-literature-review
#7
Duncan K Hau, Luke R Smart, Jennifer I DiPace, Robert N Peck
BACKGROUND: Interest in global health training during residency is increasing. Global health knowledge is also becoming essential for health-care delivery today. Many U.S. residency programs have been incorporating global health training opportunities for their residents. We performed a systematic literature review to evaluate global health training opportunities and challenges among U.S. residency specialties. METHODS: We searched PubMed from its earliest dates until October 2015...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178858/technology-based-tools-and-services-for-people-with-dementia-and-carers-mapping-technology-onto-the-dementia-care-pathway
#8
Klara Lorenz, Paul P Freddolino, Adelina Comas-Herrera, Martin Knapp, Jacqueline Damant
The extent to which technology may be able to support people with dementia and their carers along the care pathway and in different care settings is of interest to policy makers and governments. In this paper we provide an overview of the role of technology in dementia care, treatment and support by mapping existing technologies - by function, target user and disease progression. Technologies identified are classified into seven functions: memory support, treatment, safety and security, training, care delivery, social interaction and other...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178401/comprehensive-care-model-for-sex-trafficking-survivors
#9
Naomi M Twigg
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify aftercare services for domestic minor of sex trafficking (DMST) survivors provided by U.S. residential treatment centers. DESIGN: A qualitative research study was conducted with aftercare program personnel from five U.S. residential treatment centers for DMST survivors. METHODS: Interviews were conducted with staff from five different residential treatment centers providing services exclusively to domestic minor sex trafficking survivors...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176250/hot-topic-global-burden-of-treating-hypertension-what-is-the-role-of-the-emergency-department
#10
REVIEW
Aaron M Brody, Vijaya A Kumar, Phillip D Levy
Hypertension (HTN) is the most common modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality worldwide. Lower- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are projected to bear the vast majority of this disease burden, but local and regional health care delivery systems in these countries are ill equipped to meet this need. Emergency care is receiving increased recognition as a crucial component of public and community health. The rapid evolution of emergency care in LMICs provides a unique opportunity to develop innovative strategies, incorporating existing strengths of emergency departments, to address this paradigm shift in the disease burden associated with HTN on a global scale...
January 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175979/mind-the-treatment-gap-a-global-perspective-on-current-and-future-strategies-for-prevention-of-fragility-fractures
#11
REVIEW
N C W Harvey, E V McCloskey, P J Mitchell, B Dawson-Hughes, D D Pierroz, J-Y Reginster, R Rizzoli, C Cooper, J A Kanis
This narrative review considers the key challenges facing healthcare professionals and policymakers responsible for providing care to populations in relation to bone health. These challenges broadly fall into four distinct themes: (1) case finding and management of individuals at high risk of fracture, (2) public awareness of osteoporosis and fragility fractures, (3) reimbursement and health system policy and (4) epidemiology of fracture in the developing world. Findings from cohort studies, randomised controlled trials, systematic reviews and meta-analyses, in addition to current clinical guidelines, position papers and national and international audits, are summarised, with the intention of providing a prioritised approach to delivery of optimal bone health for all...
February 7, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174181/cardiovascular-benefits-associated-with-higher-dietary-k-versus-lower-dietary-na-evidence-from-population-and-mechanistic-studies
#12
Alicia A McDonough, Luciana C Veiras, Claire A Guevara, Donna L Ralph
The WHO ranks hypertension the leading global risk factor for disease, specifically, cardiovascular disease. Blood pressure is higher in westernized populations consuming sodium-rich processed foods compared to isolated societies consuming potassium-rich natural foods. Evidence suggests that lowering dietary Na(+) is particularly beneficial in hypertensives who consume a high Na(+) diet. Nonetheless, numerous population studies demonstrate a relationship between higher dietary K(+), estimated from urinary excretion or dietary recall, and lower blood pressure regardless of sodium intake...
February 7, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169546/colloidal-vesicular-system-of-inositol-hexaphosphate-to-counteract-dmba-induced-dysregulation-of-markers-pertaining-to-cellular-proliferation-differentiation-and-inflammation-of-epidermal-layer-in-mouse-model
#13
Malti Arya, Prakash Tiwari, Chandra Bhushan Tripathi, Poonam Parashar, Mahendra Singh, Priyam Sinha, Narayan P Yadav, Gaurav Kaithwas, Krishna P Gupta, Shubhini A Saraf
Cancer is a global health problem and chemoprevention is a promising approach for reducing cancer burden. Inositol hexaphosphate (IP6), a natural bioactive constituent of cereals, legumes etc., has momentous potential as an antiangiogenic agent, that specifically affects malignant cells. The shortcoming is its quick absorption on oral/ topical administration. Niosomes are flexible carriers for topical drug delivery. The central venture of current research was to optimize and characterize niosomal delivery system of IP6 for treatment of skin cancer...
February 7, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163504/main-neurosurgical-pathologies-in-benin-republic
#14
Hugues Jean Thierry Gandaho, Madougou Soumaila, Isaac Hoinsou-Hans, Gautier M M Djrolo, Audrey A S Zevounou, Amos O Adeleye
BACKGROUND: Benin republic is a very low-income French-speaking country in West Africa The development of Neurosurgery in the Republic of Benin took off with the arrival of the first Beninese neurosurgeons in the year 2003. AIMS: This study aims to evaluate patients' attendance in a public neurosurgical center, and appreciate populations' affordability to a new specialty. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: In the year 2004, the Benin Armed Forces established the first Department of Neurosurgery in the Nation's Military Teaching Hospital...
December 2016: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162042/the-syrian-public-health-and-humanitarian-crisis-a-displacement-in-global-governance
#15
Sumaira Akbarzada, Tim K Mackey
Ongoing failure by the international community to resolve the Syrian conflict has led to destruction of critical infrastructure. This includes the collapse of the Syrian health system, leaving millions of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in urgent need of healthcare services. As the conflict intensifies, IDP populations are suffering from infectious and non-communicable disease risks, poor maternal and child health outcomes, trauma, and mental health issues, while healthcare workers continually exit the country...
February 4, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154759/diarrhea-no-more-does-zinc-help-the-poor-evidence-on-the-effectiveness-of-programmatic-efforts-to-reach-poorest-in-delivering-zinc-and-ors-at-scale-in-up-and-gujarat-india
#16
Amnesty E LeFevre, Diwakar Mohan, Sarmila Mazumder, Laura L Lamberti, Sunita Taneja, Robert E Black, Christa L Fischer-Walker
BACKGROUND: India has the greatest burden of diarrhea in children under 5 years globally. The Diarrhea Alleviation through zinc and oral rehydration salts (ORS) Therapy program (2010-2014) sought to improve access to and utilization of zinc and ORS among children 2-59 months in Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh (UP), India, through public and private sector delivery channels. In this analysis, we present findings on program's effect in reducing child-health inequities. METHODS: Data from cross-sectional baseline and endline surveys were used to assess disparities in key outcomes across six dimensions: socioeconomic strata, gender, caregiver education, ethnicity and geography...
December 2016: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153513/first-estimates-of-the-global-and-regional-incidence-of-neonatal-herpes-infection
#17
Katharine J Looker, Amalia S Magaret, Margaret T May, Katherine M E Turner, Peter Vickerman, Lori M Newman, Sami L Gottlieb
BACKGROUND: Neonatal herpes is a rare but potentially devastating condition with an estimated 60% fatality rate without treatment. Transmission usually occurs during delivery from mothers with herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) or type 2 (HSV-2) genital infection. However, the global burden has never been quantified to our knowledge. We developed a novel methodology for burden estimation and present first WHO global and regional estimates of the annual number of neonatal herpes cases during 2010-15...
January 30, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153027/a-call-for-collaboration-on-respectful-person-centered-health-care-in-family-planning-and-maternal-health
#18
Kelsey Holt, Jacquelyn M Caglia, Emily Peca, James M Sherry, Ana Langer
BACKGROUND: Striking tales of people judged, disrespected, or abused in reproductive, maternal, newborn, child, and adolescent health (RMNCAH) services are commonly exchanged among friends and families throughout the world while remaining sorely under-addressed in global health. Disrespect and abuse of individuals and providers in health services across the RMNCAH continuum must be stopped through collaborative, multi-tiered efforts. CALL FOR COLLABORATION: A new focus on health care quality in the Sustainable Development Goals offers an opportunity to seriously reexamine user experiences and their impact on health care utilization...
February 2, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148258/health-facility-and-skilled-birth-deliveries-among-poor-women-with-jamkesmas-health-insurance-in-indonesia-a-mixed-methods-study
#19
Mohamad I Brooks, Hasbullah Thabrany, Matthew P Fox, Veronika J Wirtz, Frank G Feeley, Lora L Sabin
BACKGROUND: The growing momentum for quality and affordable health care for all has given rise to the recent global universal health coverage (UHC) movement. As part of Indonesia's strategy to achieve the goal of UHC, large investments have been made to increase health access for the poor, resulting in the implementation of various health insurance schemes targeted towards the poor and near-poor, including the Jamkesmas program. In the backdrop of Indonesia's aspiration to reach UHC is the high rate of maternal mortality that disproportionally affects poor women...
February 2, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145032/national-treatment-programme-of-hepatitis-c-in-egypt-hepatitis-c-virus-model-of-care
#20
REVIEW
W El-Akel, M H El-Sayed, M El Kassas, M El-Serafy, M Khairy, K Elsaeed, K Kabil, M Hassany, A Shawky, A Yosry, M K Shaker, Y ElShazly, I Waked, G Esmat, W Doss
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major health problem in Egypt as the nation bears the highest prevalence rate worldwide. This necessitated establishing a novel model of care (MOC) to contain the epidemic, deliver patient care and ensure global treatment access. In this review, we describe the process of development of the Egyptian model and future strategies for sustainability. Although the magnitude of the HCV problem was known for many years, the HCV MOC only came into being in 2006 with the establishment of the National Committee for Control of Viral Hepatitis (NCCVH) to set up and implement a national control strategy for the disease and other causes of viral hepatitis...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
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