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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230575/global-curriculum-in-research-literacy-for-the-surgical-oncologist
#1
C Are, U Yanala, G Malhotra, B Hall, L Smith, L Wyld, C Cummings, C Lecoq, R A Audisio, R S Berman
BACKGROUND: The ability to provide optimal care to cancer patients depends on awareness of current evidence-based practices emanating from research or involvement in research where circumstances permit. The significant global variations in cancer-related research activity and its correlation to cancer-specific outcomes may have an influence on the care provided to cancer patients and their outcomes. The aim of this project is to develop a global curriculum in research literacy for the surgical oncologist...
December 11, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226448/better-measurement-for-performance-improvement-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-the-primary-health-care-performance-initiative-phcpi-experience-of-conceptual-framework-development-and-indicator-selection
#2
Jeremy Veillard, Krycia Cowling, Asaf Bitton, Hannah Ratcliffe, Meredith Kimball, Shannon Barkley, Laure Mercereau, Ethan Wong, Chelsea Taylor, Lisa R Hirschhorn, Hong Wang
Policy Points: Strengthening accountability through better measurement and reporting is vital to ensure progress in improving quality primary health care (PHC) systems and achieving universal health coverage (UHC). The Primary Health Care Performance Initiative (PHCPI) provides national decision makers and global stakeholders with opportunities to benchmark and accelerate performance improvement through better performance measurement. Results from the initial PHC performance assessments in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are helping guide PHC reforms and investments and improve the PHCPI's instruments and indicators...
December 2017: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225948/collecting-data-for-global-surgical-indicators-a-collaborative-approach-in-the-pacific-region
#3
REVIEW
Glenn Douglas Guest, Elizabeth McLeod, William R G Perry, Vilami Tangi, Joao Pedro, Ponifasio Ponifasio, Johnny Hedson, Jemesa Tudravu, Douglas Pikacha, Eric Vreede, Basil Leodoro, Noah Tapaua, James Kong, Bwabwa Oten, Deacon Teapa, Stephanie Korin, Leona Wilson, Samson Mesol, Kabiri Tuneti, John G Meara, David A Watters
In 2015, the Lancet Commission on Global Surgery (LCoGS) recommended six surgical metrics to enable countries to measure their surgical and anaesthesia care delivery. These indicators have subsequently been accepted by the World Bank for inclusion in the World Development Indicators. With support from the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons and the Pacific Islands Surgical Association, 14 South Pacific countries collaborated to collect the first four of six LCoGS indicators. Thirteen countries collected all four indicators over a 6-month period from October 2015 to April 2016...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225932/potential-applications-of-telenephrology-to-enhance-global-kidney-care
#4
REVIEW
Mohamed A Osman, Julius Okel, Ikechi G Okpechi, Kailash Jindal, Aminu K Bello
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an important public health issue that increasingly affects more patients globally and is associated with adverse clinical consequences with huge economic impact. Effective management of patients with CKD requires delivery of kidney care in a primary care setting where possible and at a higher level with a nephrologist when necessary to improve outcomes. In many instances and for various reasons, it is not possible to follow this pathway of care delivery. With improving telecommunication technologies worldwide, it is hoped that increasing utilisation of electronic communication devices can be used to facilitate kidney care to improve the quality of care delivered to patients, especially those who live in remote regions...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223966/advancing-point-of-care-diagnostics-for-the-control-and-prevention-of-stis-the-way-forward
#5
Igor Toskin, Karel Blondeel, Rosanna W Peeling, Carolyn Deal, James Kiarie
WHO recognises the global impact of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) on global public health and individual sexual and reproductive health and well-being. As a component of the WHO Global Health Sector Strategy for the control and prevention of STIs, there has been a growing recognition of the importance of integrating point-of-care tests (POCTs) into overall strategic planning. The process of integrating STI POCTs, in addition to providing a definitive diagnosis and appropriate treatment in a single visit, also includes innovative delivery options, such as on-site delivery, community-based testing (including screening), as well as self-testing at home after purchase of a test online or over-the-counter...
December 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223665/guidelines-and-checklists-for-short-term-missions-in-global-pediatric-surgery-recommendations-from-the-american-academy-of-pediatrics-delivery-of-surgical-care-global-health-subcommittee-american-pediatric-surgical-association-global-pediatric-surgery-committee
#6
REVIEW
Marilyn Butler, Elizabeth Drum, Faye M Evans, Tamara Fitzgerald, Jason Fraser, Ai-Xuan Holterman, Howard Jen, J Matthew Kynes, Jenny Kreiss, Craig D McClain, Mark Newton, Benedict Nwomeh, James O'Neill, Doruk Ozgediz, George Politis, Henry Rice, David Rothstein, Julie Sanchez, Mark Singleton, Francine S Yudkowitz
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric surgeons, anesthesia providers, and nurses from North America and other high-income countries (HICs) are increasingly engaged in resource-limited areas, with short-term missions (STMs) as the most common form of involvement. However, consensus recommendations currently do not exist for STMs in pediatric general surgery and associated perioperative care. METHODS: The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Delivery of Surgical Care Subcommittee and American Pediatric Surgical Association (APSA) Global Pediatric Surgery Committee, with the American Pediatric Surgical Nurses Association, Inc...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219058/macrophage-targeted-cellular-carriers-for-effective-delivery-of-anti-tubercular-drugs
#7
S Beg, Jaya Agnihotri, Shibhna Singh, Mohammad Wais
Newly developed vaccine VPM1002 confers paradigm swing in the prophylactic treatment of tuberculosis (TB).Multi drug resistant and latent TB in adults as well as in underprivileged patients is instigating menace over world population if the host is immune-compromised. One third of the world's population is infected with TB. Recently it is estimated around 9.6 million people around the world became sick with TB disease. There were 1.5 million TB-related deaths worldwide. Therefore with the advent in biotechnology and Nano engineering, newly adapted survival molecular mechanism of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, new targets receptors on alveolar macrophages must be explored out for eradication of TB from the globe...
December 7, 2017: Recent Patents on Anti-infective Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216970/current-research-gaps-a-global-systematic-review-of-hiv-and-sexually-transmissible-infections-among-transgender-populations
#8
Sarah MacCarthy, Tonia Poteat, Zhiyu Xia, Nicolette L Roque, Ashley Hyun Jin Kim, Stefan Baral, Sari L Reisner
Transgender populations are heavily burdened by HIV and other sexually transmissible infections (STIs). However, data on co-infection with HIV and STIs among transgender people are limited. A systematic review was conducted of peer-reviewed articles and conference abstracts between January 2010 and November 2015 that focussed on HIV and STI infections among transgender populations globally. The literature was synthesised and opportunities for improving health research were commented on. Few studies reported HIV-STI co-infection (n=4), while the majority of studies reported HIV and STI infections separately (n=23)...
October 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202786/perfected-enhanced-recovery-perfect-er-care-versus-standard-acute-care-for-patients-admitted-to-acute-settings-with-hip-fracture-identified-as-experiencing-confusion-study-protocol-for-a-feasibility-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Simon P Hammond, Jane L Cross, Lee Shepstone, Tamara Backhouse, Catherine Henderson, Fiona Poland, Erika Sims, Alasdair MacLullich, Bridget Penhale, Robert Howard, Nigel Lambert, Anna Varley, Toby O Smith, Opinder Sahota, Simon Donell, Martyn Patel, Clive Ballard, John Young, Martin Knapp, Stephen Jackson, Justin Waring, Nick Leavey, Gregory Howard, Chris Fox
BACKGROUND: Health and social care provision for an ageing population is a global priority. Provision for those with dementia and hip fracture has specific and growing importance. Older people who break their hip are recognised as exceptionally vulnerable to experiencing confusion (including but not exclusively, dementia and/or delirium and/or cognitive impairment(s)) before, during or after acute admissions. Older people experiencing hip fracture and confusion risk serious complications, linked to delayed recovery and higher mortality post-operatively...
December 4, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194540/how-linked-are-national-hiv-and-srhr-strategies-a-review-of-srhr-and-hiv-strategies-in-60-countries
#10
Jonathan Hopkins, Lynn Collins
The connection between HIV and sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) is widely recognised along with the benefits of linking them at the legal/policy, health systems, and service delivery levels. However, despite increased rhetoric about the need for this three-tiered approach, integrated service delivery has not been fully addressed at the legal/policy level through national strategies. Thus a review of HIV and SRHR strategies was conducted for 60 countries, determining the extent to which they reflected the intersections between HIV and SRHR...
November 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194122/improving-postpartum-retention-in-care-for-women-living-with-hiv-in-the-united-states
#11
Florence M Momplaisir, Deborah Storm, Hervette Nkwihoreze, Olakunle Jayeola, John B Jemmott
: Research findings have consistently demonstrated that women living with HIV (WLWH) in the United States and globally experience declines in medication adherence and retention in care after giving birth. A number of studies have identified factors associated with postpartum retention in care, but the evidence base for interventions to address the problem and close this gap in the HIV care continuum is limited. Furthermore, the majority of studies have been conducted in low-or moderate resource countries and may be less applicable or require adaptation for use in high resource countries...
November 30, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190418/interventions-to-change-the-behaviour-of-health-professionals-and-the-organisation-of-care-to-promote-weight-reduction-in-children-and-adults-with-overweight-or-obesity
#12
REVIEW
Gerd Flodgren, Daniela C Gonçalves-Bradley, Carolyn D Summerbell
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of overweight and obesity is increasing globally, an increase which has major implications for both population health and costs to health services. This is an update of a Cochrane Review. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of strategies to change the behaviour of health professionals or the organisation of care compared to standard care, to promote weight reduction in children and adults with overweight or obesity. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following databases for primary studies up to September 2016: CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, DARE and PsycINFO...
November 30, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190289/malera-an-updated-research-agenda-for-health-systems-and-policy-research-in-malaria-elimination-and-eradication
#13
(no author information available yet)
Health systems underpin disease elimination and eradication programmes. In an elimination and eradication context, innovative research approaches are needed across health systems to assess readiness for programme reorientation, mitigate any decreases in effectiveness of interventions ('effectiveness decay'), and respond to dynamic and changing needs. The malaria eradication research agenda (malERA) Refresh consultative process for the Panel on Health Systems and Policy Research identifies opportunities to build health systems evidence and the tools needed to eliminate malaria from different zones, countries, and regions and to eradicate it globally...
November 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187210/state-of-newborn-care-in-south-sudan-s-displacement-camps-a-descriptive-study-of-facility-based-deliveries
#14
Samira Sami, Kate Kerber, Solomon Kenyi, Ribka Amsalu, Barbara Tomczyk, Debra Jackson, Alexander Dimiti, Elaine Scudder, Janet Meyers, Jean Paul De Charles Umurungi, Kemish Kenneth, Luke C Mullany
BACKGROUND: Approximately 2.7 million neonatal deaths occur annually, with highest rates of neonatal mortality in countries that have recently experienced conflict. Constant instability in South Sudan further strains a weakened health system and poses public health challenges during the neonatal period. We aimed to describe the state of newborn facility-level care in displaced person camps across Juba, Malakal, and Maban. METHODS: We conducted clinical observations of the labor and delivery period, exit interviews with recently delivered mothers, health facility assessments, and direct observations of midwife time-use...
November 29, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183291/optimization-of-the-hockey-fans-in-training-hockey-fit-weight-loss-and-healthy-lifestyle-program-for-male-hockey-fans
#15
Wendy Blunt, Dawn P Gill, Shannon L Sibbald, Brendan Riggin, Roseanne W Pulford, Ryan Scott, Karen Danylchuk, Cindy M Gray, Sally Wyke, Christopher Bunn, Robert J Petrella
BACKGROUND: The health outcomes of men continue to be poorer than women globally. Challenges in addressing this problem include difficulties engaging men in weight loss programs as they tend to view these programs as contrary to the masculine narrative of independence and self-reliance. Researchers have been turning towards sports fans to engage men in health promotion programs as sports fans are typically male, and tend to have poor health habits. METHODS: Developed from the highly successful gender-sensitized Football Fans in Training program, Hockey Fans in Training (Hockey FIT) recruited 80 male hockey fans of the London Knights and Sarnia Sting who were overweight or obese into a weekly, 90-minute classroom education and group exercise program held over 12 weeks; a 40-week minimally-supported phase followed...
November 28, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180254/reclaiming-hijacked-phagosomes-hybrid-nano-in-micro-encapsulated-miap-peptide-ensures-host-directed-therapy-by-specifically-augmenting-phagosome-maturation-and-apoptosis-in-tb-infected-macrophage-cells
#16
Ankur Sharma, Kalpesh Vaghasiya, Pushpa Gupta, Umesh Datta Gupta, Rahul Kumar Verma
TB-Superbugs have emerged as one of the most challenging global health threat due to the decrease in effectiveness of conventional antibiotics. Meanwhile, Host defense peptides (HDP) have evolved as an alternative to classical therapeutics with lesser susceptibility of resistance. We describe the potential of nano-encapsulated synthetic Magainin-I analog peptide (MIAP) as Host Directed Therapy against TB. Micron-sized inhalable platform "Porous Nanoparticle Aggregates Particles (PNAP)" with nano-scale physiognomies were developed to improve the delivery of MIAP-peptide to the lungs and enhance its stability...
November 24, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177366/glycaemic-blood-pressure-and-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-control-in-adult-patients-with-diabetes-in-singapore-a-review-of-singapore-literature-over-two-decades
#17
Zhongxian Poh, Kavita Venkataraman, Sue-Anne Es Toh, Lian Leng Low
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes mellitus is a burgeoning global health epidemic, with an estimated 422 million people living with diabetes in 2014. The number of adult diabetic patients in Singapore is expected to rise to 1 million in 2050. Despite advances made in the management of diabetes and improvements in healthcare accessibility and delivery, the rate and complications of diabetes (myocardial infarction, stroke, kidney failure and lower limb amputation) in Singapore have not decreased. Gaps between guidelines and practice have been reported in several parts of the world...
October 2017: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177101/from-blockchain-technology-to-global-health-equity-can-cryptocurrencies-finance-universal-health-coverage
#18
REVIEW
Brian M Till, Alexander W Peters, Salim Afshar, John Meara
Blockchain technology and cryptocurrencies could remake global health financing and usher in an era global health equity and universal health coverage. We outline and provide examples for at least four important ways in which this potential disruption of traditional global health funding mechanisms could occur: universal access to financing through direct transactions without third parties; novel new multilateral financing mechanisms; increased security and reduced fraud and corruption; and the opportunity for open markets for healthcare data that drive discovery and innovation...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174108/association-of-prior-hpv-vaccination-with-reduced-preterm-birth-a-population-based-study
#19
Beverley Lawton, Anna S Howe, Nikki Turner, Sara Filoche, Tania Slatter, Celia Devenish, Noelyn Anne Hung
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence suggests that HPV infection is associated with negative pregnancy outcomes such as preterm birth (PTB), and pre-eclampsia. We aimed to determine if prior HPV vaccination reduced adverse pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: A New Zealand population-based retrospective study linking first pregnancy outcome data (2008-2014 n = 35,646) with prior quadrivalent HPV vaccination status. Primary outcomes were likelihood (odds ratios, ORs) of PTB, pre-eclampsia, and stillbirth...
November 23, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173834/academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-revised-2017-scope-of-practice-for-the-registered-dietitian-nutritionist
#20
Denise Andersen, Shari Baird, Tracey Bates, Denise L Chapel, Alana D Cline, Shyamala N Ganesh, Margaret Garner, Barbara L Grant, Kathryn K Hamilton, Krista Jablonski, Sherri L Jones, Alexandra G Kazaks, Susan H Konek, Kelly K Leonard, Kimi G McAdam, Beth N Ogata, Egondu M Onuoha, Gretchen Y Robinson, Darrin W Schmidt, Nancy G Walters, Pauline Williams, Pamela Wu, Karen Hui, Carol Gilmore, Mujahed Khan, Dana Buelsing, Sharon M McCauley
The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (Academy) is the world's largest organization of food and nutrition professionals and the association that represents credentialed nutrition and dietetics practitioners-registered dietitian nutritionists (RDNs) and nutrition and dietetics technicians, registered (NDTRs). RDNs integrate research, professional development, and practice to stimulate innovation and discovery; collaborate to solve the greatest food and nutrition challenges now and in the future; focus on systemswide impact across the food, wellness, and health sectors; have a global impact in eliminating all forms of malnutrition; and amplify the contribution of nutrition and dietetics practitioners and expand workforce capacity and capability...
November 22, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
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