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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444140/getting-to-fp2020-harnessing-the-private-sector-to-increase-modern-contraceptive-access-and-choice-in-ethiopia-nigeria-and-drc
#1
Christina Riley, Danielle Garfinkel, Katherine Thanel, Keith Esch, Endale Workalemahu, Jennifer Anyanti, Godéfroid Mpanya, Arsène Binanga, Jen Pope, Kim Longfield, Jane Bertrand, Bryan Shaw
BACKGROUND: An estimated 214 million women have unmet need for family planning in developing regions. Improved utilization of the private sector is key to achieving universal access to a range of safe and effective modern contraceptive methods stipulated by FP2020 and SDG commitments. Until now, a lack of market data has limited understanding of the private sector's role in increasing contraceptive coverage and choice. METHODS: In 2015, the FPwatch Project conducted representative outlet surveys in Ethiopia, Nigeria, and DRC using a full census approach in selected administrative areas...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442406/supporting-youth-wellbeing-with-a-focus-on-eating-well-and-being-active-views-from-an-aboriginal-community-deliberative-forum
#2
Jackie Street, Heather Cox, Edilene Lopes, Jessie Motlik, Lisa Hanson
OBJECTIVE: Including and prioritising community voice in policy development means policy is more likely to reflect community values and priorities. This project trialled and evaluated a storyboard approach in a deliberative community forum to engage Australian Aboriginal people in health policy priority setting. METHODS: The forum was co-constructed with two Aboriginal community-controlled organisations. A circle storyboard was used to centre Aboriginal community knowledge and values and encourage the group to engage with broader perspectives and evidence...
February 14, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441752/bilateral-obstructive-uropathy-caused-by-congenital-bladder-diverticulum-presenting-as-hypertensive-retinopathy
#3
San Kim, Sang Hoo Park, Dong Yoon Kim, Seok Joong Yun, Ok Jun Lee, Heon Seok Han
A congenital bladder diverticulum (CBD) is caused by inherent muscular weakness instead of obstruction of the bladder outlet. The major clinical conditions are recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI) and voiding dysfunction. This report describes a 15-year-old male adolescent who developed sudden visual disturbance resulting from hypertensive retinopathy. The cause of hypertension was bilateral obstructive uropathy caused by enlarged paraureteral bladder diverticula. After the non-functioning right kidney and ureter and the bilateral diverticula were removed, the left ureter was reimplanted in the bladder...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440837/transcatheter-closure-of-postsurgical-ruptured-sinus-of-valsalva-with-amplatzer-duct-occluder-ii-as%C3%A2-device
#4
Cristina Capogrosso, Giuseppe Santoro, Mario Giordano, Maria Giovanna Russo
Sinus of Valsalva (SV) rupture is a rare, cardiac complication after surgical repair of complex congenital heart disease. This paper reports a 4-year-old male child with double outlet right ventricle (RV) and pulmonary stenosis with superior-inferior arrangement of the ventricles, who was submitted to surgical repair using the "reparation a l'etage ventriculaire" procedure. A few months after an uneventful surgical repair, his clinical condition abruptly worsened because of the rupture of the right SV into the RV outflow tract resulting in large left-to-right shunt and RV functional impairment...
January 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436410/gastric-outlet-obstruction-due-to-pyloric-mass-in-a-12-year-old-girl
#5
Bradley MacDonald, Sarah Rumore, Ajay Sharma, Zubin Grover
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434131/the-palliative-effect-of-endoscopic-uncovered-self-expandable-metallic-stent-placement-versus-gastrojejunostomy-on-malignant-gastric-outlet-obstruction-a-pilot-study-with-a-retrospective-chart-review-in-saga-japan
#6
Takahiro Yukimoto, Tomohito Morisaki, Sho Komukai, Hisako Yoshida, Daisuke Yamaguchi, Nanae Tsuruoka, Koichi Miyahara, Yasuhisa Sakata, Shinichi Shibasaki, Seiji Tsunada, Takahiro Noda, Seiji Yunotani, Kazuma Fujimoto
Objective Endoscopic self-expandable metallic stent (SEMS) placement and gastrojejunostomy (GJY) are palliative treatments for malignant gastric outlet obstruction (GOO). The aim of the present study was to compare the palliative effects of these treatments and identify predictors of a poor oral intake after treatment. Methods and Patients In total, 65 patients with GOO at multiple centers in Saga, Japan, were evaluated. Thirty-eight patients underwent SEMS placement, and 27 underwent GJY from January 2010 to December 2016...
February 9, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433218/application-of-high-throughput-pyrosequencing-in-the-analysis-of-microbiota-of-food-commodities-procured-from-small-and-large-retail-outlets-in-a-u-s-metropolitan-area-a-pilot-study
#7
Daleniece Higgins, Chandan Pal, Irshad M Sulaiman, Chunrong Jia, Tyler Zerwekh, Scot E Dowd, Pratik Banerjee
With the advent of high-throughput sequencing technologies, it is possible to comprehensively analyze the microbial community of foods without culturing them in the laboratory. The estimation of all microbes inhabiting a food commodity (food microbiota) therefore may shed light on the microbial quality and safety of foods. In this study, we utilized high-throughput pyrosequencing of 16S rRNA genes as well as traditional microbiological methods to evaluate the bacterial diversity and the predicted metabolic pathways associated with the bacterial communities of selected foods (romaine lettuce, cabbage, deli meat, and chicken legs, total 200 samples) procured from small and large retail outlets located in Memphis-Shelby County, Tennessee, USA...
March 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431058/three-decades-of-cognition-emotion-a-brief-review-of-past-highlights-and-future-prospects
#8
Klaus Rothermund, Sander L Koole
Over the past three decades, Cognition & Emotion has been one of the world's leading outlets for emotion research. In this article, we review past highlights of and future prospects for the journal. Our tour of history covers three periods: The first period, from 1987 to 1999, was a pioneering era in which cognitive theories began to be applied to the scientific analysis of emotion. The second period, from 2000 to 2007, was characterised by a sharp increase in the number of empirical research papers, a lot of which were concerned with automatic processing biases and their implications for clinical psychology...
February 2018: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430223/successful-emergency-endoscopic-treatment-of-gastric-outlet-obstruction-due-to-gastric-bezoar-with-gastric-pneumatosis
#9
Hirokazu Honda, Takashi Ikeya, Erika Kashiwagi, Shuichi Okada, Katsuyuki Fukuda
Gastric bezoars are rare and are usually found incidentally. They can sometimes cause severe complications, including gastric outlet obstruction (GOO) or gastric pneumatosis (GP). In cases of bezoars with GP, the optimal treatment strategy has not yet been defined. We report the case of an 89-year-old man with a history of type 2 diabetes mellitus and hypertension who presented to our emergency room with a 2-day history of upper abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. Physical examination revealed no rebound tenderness or guarding, and laboratory values revealed no elevation of the serum lactate level...
September 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429678/novel-cavitation-fluid-jet-polishing-process-based-on-negative-pressure-effects
#10
Fengjun Chen, Hui Wang, Yu Tang, Shaohui Yin, Shuai Huang, Guanghua Zhang
Traditional abrasive fluid jet polishing (FJP) is limited by its high-pressure equipment, unstable material removal rate, and applicability to ultra-smooth surfaces because of the evident air turbulence, fluid expansion, and a large polishing spot in high-pressure FJP. This paper presents a novel cavitation fluid jet polishing (CFJP) method and process based on FJP technology. It can implement high-efficiency polishing on small-scale surfaces in a low-pressure environment. CFJP uses the purposely designed polishing equipment with a sealed chamber, which can generate a cavitation effect in negative pressure environment...
April 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429598/does-the-site-of-the-orthotopic-neobladder-outlet-matter-a-prospective-randomized-comparative-study
#11
Ahmed M Moeen, Ahmed S Safwat, Mohamed M Gadelmoula, Seham M Moeen, Hosny M Behnsawy, Ahmed A Shahat, Rabea A Gadelkareem, Diaa A Hameed, Hisham M Hammouda
BACKGROUND: To compare the results of urethral anastomosis to a button hole and to the lowest part of the anterior suture line during orthotopic neobladder substitution. METHODS: From January 2012 to December 2015, 87 consecutive male patients with invasive bladder cancer underwent radical cystectomy and Hautmann ileal neobladder. Patients were randomly divided into two groups; group I (44 patients), the outlet was created as a button-hole at the most dependent part of the pouch, group II (43 patients), the lowest 1 cm of the anterior suture line of the pouch was left open as an outlet...
January 31, 2018: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429318/perineal-tears-a-review
#12
Ryan Goh, Daryl Goh, Hasthika Ellepola
BACKGROUND: The female perineum is the diamond-shaped inferior outlet of the pelvis. This structure is at risk of trauma during labour because of spontaneous perineal tears of varying degrees or iatrogenic episiotomies. These injuries can result in disabling immediate and long-term complications in the woman. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to provide general practitioners (GPs) with a good understanding of perineal tears by discussing the different classifications, immediate and long-term management, and recommendations for future deliveries...
January 2018: Aust J Gen Pract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428578/treatment-practices-of-households-and-antibiotic-dispensing-in-medicine-outlets-in-developing-countries-the-case-of-ghana
#13
Mary-Anne Ahiabu, Pascal Magnussen, Ib Christian Bygbjerg, Britt Pinkowski Tersbøl
INTRODUCTION: Antibiotic resistance, associated with inappropriate drug use, is a global public health threat. The pharmaceutical sectors in developing countries are poorly regulated leading to antibiotic sales and use without a prescription. The study documents the treatment of acute illnesses in households and the antibiotic dispensing practices of medicine sales outlets in Eastern region, Ghana. METHOD: Twice-weekly illness recall visits were made to 12 households in three rural communities over eight consecutive weeks...
February 7, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427340/influence-of-the-feed-pipe-position-of-an-industrial-scale-two-phase-decanter-on-extraction-efficiency-and-chemical-sensory-characteristics-of-virgin-olive-oil
#14
Francesco Caponio, Giacomo Squeo, Lucio Brunetti, Antonella Pasqualone, Carmine Summo, Vito M Paradiso, Pasquale Catalano, Biagio Bianchi
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, olive oil extraction is basically made by means of two-phase decanters, which allow to reduce water consumption and leaching of phenolic compounds. Despite this, most of the working settings derive from studies carried out on three-phase decanters. Hence, aim of the present study has been assessing the influence of two-phase decanter feed pipe position (FP) on the extraction efficiency and chemical-sensory characteristics of virgin olive oil. Three different positions have been considered, at 825 mm (FP1), 610 mm (FP2), and 520 mm (FP3) from the outlet of the oily phase...
February 10, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425948/a-model-assessment-of-the-potential-of-river-water-to-induce-the-photochemical-attenuation-of-pharmaceuticals-downstream-of-a-wastewater-treatment-plant-guadiana-river-badajoz-spain
#15
Davide Vione, Angel Encinas, Debora Fabbri, Paola Calza
We predicted the possible direct and indirect phototransformation kinetics of carbamazepine (CBZ), ibuprofen (IBU) and diclofenac (DIC) in river water, based on data of water chemistry obtained for the Guadiana River near Badajoz (Southwestern Spain) during a year-round sampling campaign. The three compounds were chosen, (i) because they occurred at the outlet of the wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) in Badajoz, as well as in river water sampled 1 km downstream of the WWTP, and (ii) because their photochemical fate in surface waters is known well enough to be modelled...
February 3, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425886/ercp-performed-through-previously-placed-duodenal-stents-a-multicenter-retrospective-study-of-outcomes-and-adverse-events
#16
Judith Staub, Ali Siddiqui, Linda Jo Taylor, David Loren, Tom Kowalski, Douglas G Adler
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: ERCP (endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography) performed through previously placed enteral stents is an uncommon procedure without a significant amount of supporting literature, and with a wide reported range of technical success. The purpose of this study was to evaluate and better define the technical feasibility and safety of performing ERCP through enteral stents in patients with combined malignant biliary and gastric outlet obstruction (GOO). METHODS: We conducted a multicenter, retrospective study on 71 patients with combined gastric outlet and biliary obstruction who underwent ERCP through a previously placed enteral stent at 2 tertiary care centers...
February 6, 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425214/analyzing-ecological-restoration-strategies-for-water-and-soil-conservation
#17
Sandra Isay Saad, Jonathan Mota da Silva, Marx Leandro Naves Silva, João Luis Bittencourt Guimarães, Wilson Cabral Sousa Júnior, Ricardo de Oliveira Figueiredo, Humberto Ribeiro da Rocha
The choice of areas for nature conservation involves the attempt to maximize the benefits, whether by carrying out an economic activity or by the provision of Ecosystem Services. Studies are needed to improve the understanding of the effect of the extent and position along the watershed of restored areas on soil and water conservation. This study aimed to understand how different restoration strategies might reflect in soil conservation and sediment retention. Using InVEST tool, sediment transport was simulated in a small 12 km2 watershed (Posses River, in Southeast Brazil), where one of first Brazilian Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES) projects is being carried out, comparing different hypothetical restoration strategies...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424651/novel-experimental-surgical-strategy-to-prevent-traumatic-neuroma-formation-by-combining-a-3d-printed-y-tube-with-an-autograft
#18
Anne Bolleboom, Godard C W de Ruiter, J Henk Coert, Bastiaan Tuk, Jan C Holstege, Johan W van Neck
OBJECTIVE Traumatic neuromas may develop after nerve injury at the proximal nerve stump, which can lead to neuropathic pain. These neuromas are often resistant to therapy, and excision of the neuroma frequently leads to recurrence. In this study, the authors present a novel surgical strategy to prevent neuroma formation based on the principle of centro-central anastomosis (CCA), but rather than directly connecting the nerve ends to an autograft, they created a loop using a 3D-printed polyethylene Y-shaped conduit with an autograft in the distal outlets...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423188/availability-of-brands-of-six-essential-medicines-in-124-pharmacies-in-maharashtra
#19
Colin Millard, Abhay B Kadam, Rushikesh Mahajan, Allyson M Pollock, Petra Brhlikova
Background: The aim of this study is to assess the availability and rational use of six essential medicines in private retail outlets in Maharashtra state. The study focuses on the range of brands for each medicine, and the availability of these brands in the pharmacies. The medicines were chosen because they are included in the World Health Organization's (WHO) essential medicines list (EML), the Indian national and Maharashtra state medicines list, and are all included in existing Indian public health initiatives and national disease control programmes...
June 2018: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423151/a-case-of-bouveret-s-syndrome-treated-with-gastrojejunal-anastomosis
#20
Ioannis D Kostakis, Zoe Garoufalia, Themistoklis Feretis, Stylianos Kykalos, Dimitrios Mantas
Bouveret's syndrome is a rare cause of proximal gallstone ileus with obstruction of duodenum or gastric outlet. We report a case of an 87-year-old female patient presented with 1 week history of vomiting whose plain radiograms showed ileus and pneumobilia. The abdominal computed tomography confirmed pneumobilia and revealed free air and leakage of oral contrast agent in the hepatic hilum and subhepatic space and an impacted gallstone in the third portion of the duodenum. The patient underwent exploratory laparotomy, which showed that the duodenal perforation was circumvallated, and a side-to-side retrocolic gastrojejunal anastomosis was performed in order to surpass the impacted gallstone...
October 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
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