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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031177/giant-gastric-lipoma-presenting-as-gi-bleed-enucleation-or-resection
#1
Salah Termos, Ossama Reslan, Omar Alqabandi, Abdullah AlDuwaisan, Saud Al-Subaie, Khalifa Alyatama, Mohammad Alali, Ahmad AlSaleh
INTRODUCTION: Gastric lipomas are unusual benign lesions and account for less than 1% of all tumours of the stomach and 5% of all gastrointestinal lipomas (Thompson et al.2003; Fernandez et al. 1983 [1,2]). Although predominantly asymptomatic and indolent; they may present with gastric outlet obstruction and upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding owing to size and ulceration. Only a few cases have been reported, presenting large in size with massive GI bleeding (Alcalde Escribano et al...
October 6, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031108/accessibility-of-fast-food-outlets-is-associated-with-fast-food-intake-a-study-in-the-capital-region-of-denmark
#2
Kamille Almer Bernsdorf, Cathrine Juel Lau, Anne Helms Andreasen, Ulla Toft, Maja Lykke, Charlotte Glümer
Literature suggests that people living in areas with a wealth of unhealthy fast food options may show higher levels of fast food intake. Multilevel logistic regression analyses were applied to examine the association between GIS-located fast food outlets (FFOs) and self-reported fast food intake among adults (+ 16 years) in the Capital Region of Denmark (N = 48,305). Accessibility of FFOs was measured both as proximity (distance to nearest FFO) and density (number of FFOs within a 1km network buffer around home)...
October 11, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028512/the-ectopic-accessory-parotid-system-a-new-patient-studied-through-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#3
Mainak Dutta, Indranil Chatterjee, Soham Roy
The ectopic accessory parotid system (EAPS) connotes an extra parotid tissue with its ductal outlet that is morphologically distinct from the main parotid gland and its drainage system. Clinically presenting as a saliva-draining cheek fistula near the oral commissure, this rare congenital anomaly is almost always associated with ipsilateral preauricular appendages and occasional mandibular hypoplasia, and is considered a variant of the oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum. This report discusses the embryology, clinical details, and management aspects in a new patient, highlighting the role of magnetic resonance imaging in, for the first time, tracking the ectopic salivary system, and establishing its independent existence...
September 21, 2017: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028449/geometric-characteristics-of-the-knee-are-associated-with-a-noncontact-acl-injury-to-the-contralateral-knee-after-unilateral-acl-injury-in-young-female-athletes
#4
James G Levins, Erin C Argentieri, Daniel R Sturnick, Mack Gardner-Morse, Pamela M Vacek, Timothy W Tourville, Robert J Johnson, James R Slauterbeck, Bruce D Beynnon
BACKGROUND: Contralateral anterior cruciate ligament (CACL) injury after recovery from a first-time ACL rupture occurs at a high rate in young females; however, little is known about the risk factors associated with bilateral ACL trauma. HYPOTHESIS: The geometric characteristics of the contralateral knee at the time of the initial ACL injury are associated with risk of suffering a CACL injury in these female athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026865/rare-gastric-cardia-polyp-causing-complete-esophageal-obstruction
#5
Kyley Leroy, Brian Moy, Houman Rezaizadeh
A 67-year-old man presented with food impaction and was found to have a gastric polyp obstructing the esophageal outlet. Due to the polyp's location and size, no immediate endoscopic intervention was performed, and the patient returned for intraoperative endoscopy and polypectomy. Cases of gastric polyps causing esophageal obstruction have not been identified in the literature. This case is unique for the location and size of the polyp, necessitating concomitant surgical management.
2017: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025500/the-influence-of-self-efficacy-in-medical-drama-television-programming-on-behaviors-and-emotions-that-promote-cervical-cancer-prevention
#6
Sungsu Kim, Jay D Hmielowski
OBJECTIVES: We explored the influences of medical drama viewing on health behaviors and emotions, and examined the role of self-efficacy in medical drama programming. METHODS: A single-factor, 2-condition experimental design that manipulated self-efficacy levels was adopted. A total of 131 female undergraduate students who were likely involved with the issues of HPV vaccination and cervical cancer participated in this experiment. RESULTS: In line with social cognitive theory, the results indicated that participants in the high self-efficacy condition showed greater behavioral intention to receive a Pap smear (F (1, 126) = 4...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022167/stochastic-evaluation-of-annual-micropollutant-loads-and-their-uncertainties-in-separate-storm-sewers
#7
Ali Hannouche, Ghassan Chebbo, Claude Joannis, Johnny Gasperi, Marie-Christine Gromaire, Régis Moilleron, Sylvie Barraud, Véronique Ruban
This article describes a stochastic method to calculate the annual pollutant loads and its application over several years at the outlet of three catchments drained by separate storm sewers. A stochastic methodology using Monte Carlo simulations is proposed for assessing annual pollutant load, as well as the associated uncertainties, from a few event sampling campaigns and/or continuous turbidity measurements (representative of the total suspended solids concentration (TSS)). Indeed, in the latter case, the proposed method takes into account the correlation between pollutants and TSS...
October 11, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020137/residential-socioeconomic-food-and-built-environments-and-glycemic-control-in-individuals-with-diabetes-in-new-york-city-2007-2013
#8
Bahman P Tabaei, Andrew G Rundle, Winfred Y Wu, Carol R Horowitz, Victoria Mayer, Daniel M Sheehan, Shadi Chamany
This study examined the longitudinal associations between residential environment factors and glycemic control in 182,756 adults with diabetes in New York City (2007-2013). Glycemic control was defined as hemoglobin A1c (A1C) <7%. We constructed residential-level measures and performed principle component analysis to formulate a residential composite score. Based on this score, we divided residential areas into quintiles, with the lowest and highest quintiles reflecting the least advantaged and most advantaged residential environments...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017737/laparoscopic-adenomectomy-10-years-of-experience
#9
J Carpio Villanueva, A Rosales Bordes, J Ponce de León Roca, M Montlleó González, J Caparrós Sariol, H Villavicencio Mavrich
INTRODUCTION: Lower urinary tract symptoms secondary to increased prostate volume are associated with ageing and are becoming more prevalent due to increased life expectancy. We present our experience with transperitoneal laparoscopic adenomectomy for the management of bladder outlet obstruction caused by benign prostatic enlargement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of patients who underwent laparoscopic adenomectomy between 2005 and 2015...
October 7, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016713/heavy-drinkers-and-the-potential-impact-of-minimum-unit-pricing-no-single-or-simple-effect
#10
J Gill, H Black, R Rush, F O'May, J Chick
Aims: To explore the potential impact of a minimum unit price (MUP: 50 pence per UK unit) on the alcohol consumption of ill Scottish heavy drinkers. Methods: Participants were 639 patients attending alcohol treatment services or admitted to hospital with an alcohol-related condition. From their reported expenditure on alcohol in their index week, and assuming this remained unchanged, we estimated the impact of a MUP (50 ppu) on future consumption. (Around 15% purchased from both the more expensive on-sale outlets (hotels, pubs, bars) and from off-sales (shops and supermarkets)...
September 7, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016161/the-jingle-jangle-of-work-nonwork-balance-a-comprehensive-and-meta-analytic-review-of-its-meaning-and-measurement
#11
Wendy J Casper, Hoda Vaziri, Julie Holliday Wayne, Sara DeHauw, Jeffrey Greenhaus
We review research on work-nonwork balance to examine the presence of the jingle fallacy-attributing different meanings to a single construct label-and the jangle fallacy-using different labels for a single construct. In 290 papers, we found 233 conceptual definitions that clustered into 5 distinct, interpretable types, suggesting evidence of the jingle fallacy. We calculated Euclidean distances to quantify the extent of the jingle fallacy and found high divergence in definitions across time and publication outlet...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994817/a-simple-robust-and-high-throughput-single-molecule-flow-stretching-assay-implementation-for-studying-transport-of-molecules-along-dna
#12
Kan Xiong, Paul C Blainey
We describe a simple, robust and high throughput single molecule flow-stretching assay for studying 1D diffusion of molecules along DNA. In this assay, glass coverslips are functionalized in a one-step reaction with silane-PEG-biotin. Flow cells are constructed by sandwiching an adhesive tape with pre-cut channels between a functionalized coverslip and a PDMS slab containing inlet and outlet holes. Multiple channels are integrated into one flow cell and the flow of reagents into each channel can be fully automated, which significantly increases the assay throughput and reduces hands-on time per assay...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992540/kids-in-space-measuring-children-s-residential-neighborhoods-and-other-destinations-using-activity-space-gps-and-wearable-camera-data
#13
T Chambers, A L Pearson, I Kawachi, Z Rzotkiewicz, J Stanley, M Smith, M Barr, C Ni Mhurchu, L Signal
INTRODUCTION: Defining the boundary of children's 'neighborhoods' has important implications for understanding the contextual influences on child health. Additionally, insight into activities that occur outside people's neighborhoods may indicate exposures that place-based studies cannot detect. This study aimed to 1) extend current neighborhood research, using data from wearable cameras and GPS devices that were worn over several days in an urban setting; 2) define the boundary of children's neighborhoods by using leisure time activity space data; and 3) determine the destinations visited by children in their leisure time, outside their neighborhoods...
September 28, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992502/tomography-of-anthropogenic-nitrate-contribution-along-a-mesoscale-river
#14
Christin Müller, Andreas Musolff, Ulrike Strachauer, Mario Brauns, Larisa Tarasova, Ralf Merz, Kay Knöller
Elevated nitrate concentrations are a thread for water supply and ecological integrity in surface water. Nitrate fluxes obtained by standard monitoring protocols at the catchment outlet strongly integrate spatially and temporally variable processes such as mobilization and turnover. Consequently, inference of dominant nitrate sources is often problematic and challenging in terms of effective river management and prioritization of measures. Here, we combine a spatially highly resolved assessment of nitrate concentration and fluxes along a mesoscale catchment with four years of monitoring data at two representative sites...
October 6, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990950/a-rare-complication-of-chronic-granulomatous-disease-in-a-child-constrictive-aspergillus-pericarditis
#15
Emrah Şişli, Yasemin Özdemir Şahan, Mehmet Fatih Ayık, Deniz Nart, Yüksel Atay
A 3-year-old girl with the diagnosis of chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) was hospitalized for bronchopneumonia and congestive heart failure. Her medical history included methylprednisolone medication for autoimmune gastric outlet obstruction. Computed tomography revealed pneumonic infiltrations and pericardial thickening. A pulsed-wave Doppler recording revealed E/A >1. During a pericardiectomy, multiple islands of thick, firm-walled, fibrinous exudate-containing, small abscess formations were observed...
October 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990728/female-bladder-outlet-obstruction-common-symptoms-masking-an-uncommon-cause
#16
Sachin Malde, Eskinder Solomon, Marco Spilotros, Bashir Mukhtar, Mahreen Pakzad, Rizwan Hamid, Jeremy Ockrim, Tamsin Greenwell
OBJECTIVE: Bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) in women remains an underdiagnosed condition. Although diagnosed rarely in general urologic practice, its incidence in specialist centers has been reported to be up to 29%. In the present study we evaluated the incidence of female BOO in adult women referred for evaluation of lower urinary tract symptoms or urinary incontinence, assessing its etiology and correlating this with its clinical presentation. METHODS: The present study consisted of a retrospective review of a prospectively acquired videourodynamic database of 1142 consecutive women referred for evaluation of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) or urinary incontinence from March 2007 to December 2012 and diagnosed with BOO...
October 9, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990332/the-expression-and-functional-activities-of-smooth-muscle-myosin-and-non-muscle-myosin-isoforms-in-rat-prostate
#17
Ping Chen, Jing Yin, Yu-Ming Guo, He Xiao, Xing-Huan Wang, Michael E DiSanto, Xin-Hua Zhang
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is mainly caused by increased prostatic smooth muscle (SM) tone and volume. SM myosin (SMM) and non-muscle myosin (NMM) play important roles in mediating SM tone and cell proliferation, but these molecules have been less studied in the prostate. Rat prostate and cultured primary human prostate SM and epithelial cells were utilized. In vitro organ bath studies were performed to explore contractility of rat prostate. SMM isoforms, including SM myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoforms (SM1/2 and SM-A/B) and myosin light chain 17 isoforms (LC17a/b ), and isoform ratios were determined via competitive RT-PCR...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989221/deformable-3d-2d-registration-for-guiding-k-wire-placement-in-pelvic-trauma-surgery
#18
J Goerres, M Jacobson, A Uneri, T De Silva, M Ketcha, S Reaungamornrat, S Vogt, G Kleinszig, J-P Wolinsky, G Osgood, J H Siewerdsen
Pelvic Kirschner wire (K-wire) insertion is a challenging surgical task requiring interpretation of complex 3D anatomical shape from 2D projections (fluoroscopy) and delivery of device trajectories within fairly narrow bone corridors in proximity to adjacent nerves and vessels. Over long trajectories (~10-25 cm), K-wires tend to curve (deform), making conventional rigid navigation inaccurate at the tip location. A system is presented that provides accurate 3D localization and guidance of rigid or deformable surgical devices ("components" - e...
March 2017: Proceedings of SPIE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988491/left-atrial-outflow-obstruction-in-double-outlet-right-atrium
#19
Arun Gopalakrishnan, Bijulal Sasidharan, Jaganmohan Tharakan, Ajitkumar Valaparambil
We describe an unusual case of partial atrioventricular septal defect with malalignment of the septum primum to the left atrium with respect to the ventricular septum, committing the tricuspid valve to both ventricles (double-outlet right atrium). Abnormal attachment of the septum primum to the lateral aspect of mitral annulus resulted in left atrial outflow obstruction. The patient underwent successful surgical correction.
January 1, 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988154/checking-the-detail-in-retail-occurrence-of-cryptosporidium-and-giardia-on-vegetables-sold-across-different-counters-in-chandigarh-india
#20
Kjersti Selstad Utaaker, Anil Kumar, Himanshu Joshi, Suman Chaudhary, Lucy J Robertson
Fresh produce has been recognized as a vehicle of infection for protozoan parasites, particularly Cryptosporidium, and, to a lesser extent, Giardia. For both parasites, outbreaks associated with fresh produce have been documented. Although documented outbreaks tend to be from industrialized countries, contamination of fresh produce with these parasites is a global issue. In developing countries, infections with these parasites are often endemic in the community, and basic infrastructure and hygiene measures may be inadequate, thus the likelihood of contamination of fresh produce with these parasites may be higher...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
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