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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926559/preoperative-immunonutrition-and-elective-colorectal-resection-outcomes
#1
Lucas W Thornblade, Thomas K Varghese, Xu Shi, Eric K Johnson, Amir Bastawrous, Richard P Billingham, Richard Thirlby, Alessandro Fichera, David R Flum
BACKGROUND: Randomized controlled trials demonstrate the efficacy of arginine-enriched nutritional supplements (immunonutrition) in reducing complications after surgery. The effectiveness of preoperative immunonutrition has not been evaluated in a community setting. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine whether immunonutrition before elective colorectal surgery improves outcomes in the community at large. DESIGN: This is a prospective cohort study with a propensity score-matched comparative effectiveness evaluation...
January 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918334/challenges-of-anesthesia-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-access-to-safe-obstetric-anesthesia-in-east-africa
#2
Isabella Epiu, Jossy Verel Bahe Tindimwebwa, Cephas Mijumbi, Thomas M Chokwe, Edwin Lugazia, Francois Ndarugirire, Theogene Twagirumugabe, Gerald Dubowitz
BACKGROUND: The United Nations 2015 Millennium Development Goals targeted a 75% reduction in maternal mortality. However, in spite of this goal, the number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births remains unacceptably high across Sub-Saharan Africa. Because many of these deaths could likely be averted with access to safe surgery, including cesarean delivery, we set out to assess the capacity to provide safe anesthetic care for mothers in the main referral hospitals in East Africa. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted at 5 main referral hospitals in East Africa: Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, and Burundi...
December 1, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913082/efficacy-and-feasibility-of-objective-structured-clinical-examination-in-the-internal-assessment-for-surgery-postgraduates
#3
Anitha Muthusami, Subair Mohsina, Sathasivam Sureshkumar, Amaranathan Anandhi, Thirthar Palanivelu Elamurugan, Krishnamachari Srinivasan, Thulasingam Mahalakshmy, Vikram Kate
INTRODUCTION: Traditionally assessment in medical training programs has been through subjective faculty evaluations or multiple choice questions. Conventional examinations provide assessment of the global performance rather than individual competencies thus making the final feedback less meaningful. The objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) is a relatively new multidimensional tool for evaluating training. This study was carried out to determine the efficacy and feasibility of OSCE as a tool for the internal assessment of surgery residents...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886969/a-pilot-study-to-gauge-effectiveness-of-standardized-patient-scenarios-in-assessing-general-surgery-milestones
#4
REVIEW
Denise W Gee, Roy Phitayakorn, Avni Khatri, Kathryn Butler, John T Mullen, Emil R Petrusa
PURPOSE: Some General Surgery Milestones can be difficult to assess in traditional clinical settings and especially difficult to assess in junior residents. The purpose of this pilot study was to METHODS: A total of 9 categorical interns participated in a comprehensive, 4-module, SP scenario designed to evaluate and manage right upper quadrant pain. SP checklist scores (SP%) were converted to Milestone-equivalent scores for direct comparison (SP-C). Milestone scores were analyzed from 3 different sources: SP, faculty (FAC), and CCC...
November 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882413/double-bundle-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-is-superior-to-single-bundle-reconstruction-in-terms-of-revision-frequency-a-study-of-22-460-patients-from-the-swedish-national-knee-ligament-register
#5
Eleonor Svantesson, David Sundemo, Eric Hamrin Senorski, Eduard Alentorn-Geli, Volker Musahl, Freddie H Fu, Neel Desai, Anders Stålman, Kristian Samuelsson
PURPOSE: Studies comparing single- and double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructions often include a combined analysis of anatomic and non-anatomic techniques. The purpose of this study was to compare the revision rates between single- and double-bundle ACL reconstructions in the Swedish National Knee Ligament Register with regard to surgical variables as determined by the anatomic ACL reconstruction scoring checklist (AARSC). METHODS: Patients from the Swedish National Knee Ligament Register who underwent either single- or double-bundle ACL reconstruction with hamstring tendon autograft during the period 2007-2014 were included...
November 23, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879522/a-systematic-review-of-completeness-of-reporting-in-randomized-controlled-trials-in-dermatologic-surgery-adherence-to-consort-2010-recommendations
#6
Murad Alam, Mutahir Rauf, Sana Ali, Parth Patel, Daniel I Schlessinger, Matthew R Schaeffer, Simon S Yoo, Kira Minkis, Shang I Brian Jiang, Ian A Maher, Joseph F Sobanko, Todd V Cartee, Emily Poon
BACKGROUND: Randomized controlled trials are the gold standard for comparing safety and effectiveness of surgical interventions. Reporting guidelines are available for conveying the results of such trials. OBJECTIVE: To assess adherence to standard reporting guidelines among randomized controlled trials in dermatologic surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Systematic review. Data source was randomized controlled trials in the journal Dermatologic Surgery, per PubMed search, 1995 to 2014...
December 2016: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864253/macquarie-surgical-innovation-identification-tool-msiit-a-study-protocol-for-a-usability-and-pilot-test
#7
Brette Blakely, Amanda Selwood, Wendy A Rogers, Robyn Clay-Williams
INTRODUCTION: Medicine relies on innovation to continually improve. However, innovation is potentially risky, and not all innovations are successful. Therefore, it is important to identify innovations prospectively and provide support, to make innovation as safe and effective as possible. The Macquarie Surgical Innovation Identification Tool (MSIIT) is a simple checklist designed as a practical tool for hospitals to identify planned surgical innovations. This project aims to test the usability and pilot the use of the MSIIT in a surgical setting...
November 18, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829730/are-we-all-guilty-of-under-estimating-intra-operative-blood-loss-during-hip-fracture-surgery
#8
Basil Budair, Usman Ahmed, James Hodson, Michael David, Mujeeb Ashraf, Tim McBride
AIM: To assess how accurately orthopaedic surgeons and anaesthesiologists estimate intraoperative blood loss during hip fracture surgery as part of the Surgical Safety Checklist (SCC). METHODS: A prospective study of 55 operations over 9 months. Pre- and post-operative estimations of blood loss were documented. Actual blood loss was determined by subtracting total amount of lavage fluid used from overall volumes in the suction bag and by weighing used swabs. RESULTS: Both, surgeons and anaesthesiologists, significantly underestimated intraoperative blood loss (p < 0...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800588/identification-of-risk-factors-in-minimally-invasive-surgery-a-prospective-multicenter-study
#9
Sara R C Driessen, Evelien M Sandberg, Sharon P Rodrigues, Erik W van Zwet, Frank Willem Jansen
BACKGROUND: Since the introduction of minimally invasive surgery (MIS), concerns for patient safety are more often brought to the attention. Knowledge about and awareness of patient safety risk factors are crucial in order to improve and enhance the surgical team, the environment, and finally surgical performance. The aim of this study was to identify and quantify patient safety risk factors in laparoscopic hysterectomy and to determine their influence on surgical outcomes. METHODS: A prospective multicenter study was conducted from April 2014 to January 2016, participating gynecologists registered their performed laparoscopic hysterectomies (LHs)...
October 31, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792792/economic-analysis-of-children-s-surgical-care-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review-and-analysis
#10
Anthony T Saxton, Dan Poenaru, Doruk Ozgediz, Emmanuel A Ameh, Diana Farmer, Emily R Smith, Henry E Rice
BACKGROUND: Understanding the economic value of health interventions is essential for policy makers to make informed resource allocation decisions. The objective of this systematic review was to summarize available information on the economic impact of children's surgical care in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). METHODS: We searched MEDLINE (Pubmed), Embase, and Web of Science for relevant articles published between Jan. 1996 and Jan. 2015. We summarized reported cost information for individual interventions by country, including all costs, disability weights, health outcome measurements (most commonly disability-adjusted life years [DALYs] averted) and cost-effectiveness ratios (CERs)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779998/examining-the-quality-of-rectal-cancer-operative-reports-in-teaching-institutions-is-there-an-opportunity-for-resident-education
#11
Aaron B Parrish, Yas Sanaiha, Beverley A Petrie, Marcia M Russell, Formosa Chen
The American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons rectal cancer checklist describes a set of best practices for rectal cancer surgery. The objective of this study was to assess the quality of operative reports for rectal cancer surgery based on the intraoperative American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons checklist items. Patients undergoing rectal cancer surgery at two public teaching hospitals from 2009 to 2015 were included. A total of 12 intraoperative checklist items were assessed. One hundred and fifty-eight operative reports were reviewed...
October 2016: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779917/impact-of-checklist-use-on-wellness-and-post-elective-surgery-appointments-in-a-veterinary-teaching-hospital
#12
Rebecca Ruch-Gallie, Heather Weir, Lori R Kogan
Cognitive functioning is often compromised with increasing levels of stress and fatigue, both of which are often experienced by veterinarians. Many high-stress fields have implemented checklists to reduce human error. The use of these checklists has been shown to improve the quality of medical care, including adherence to evidence-based best practices and improvement of patient safety. Although it has been recognized that veterinary medicine would likely demonstrate similar benefits, there have been no published studies to date evaluating the use of checklists for improving quality of care in veterinary medicine...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770639/preferred-reporting-of-case-series-in-surgery-the-process-guidelines
#13
Riaz A Agha, Alexander J Fowler, Shivanchan Rajmohan, Ishani Barai, Dennis P Orgill
INTRODUCTION: Case series have been a long held tradition within the surgical literature and are still frequently published. Reporting guidelines can improve transparency and reporting quality. No guideline exists for reporting case series, and our recent systematic review highlights the fact that key data are being missed from such reports. Our objective was to develop reporting guidelines for surgical case series. METHODS: A Delphi consensus exercise was conducted to determine items to include in the reporting guideline...
October 19, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767120/psychology-of-behaviour-change-is-key-to-effective-oral-health-promotion
#14
Richard D Holmes
Data sourcesAMED, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, Embase, Medline, PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, ScienceDirect, SocINDEX, ASSIA, Social Policy and Practice, HMIC (Health Management Information Consortium), The Knowledge Network, Intute, MedNar, Copac, EPPI-Centre, EThOS, OpenGrey and TRIP databases. Searches were limited to publications in the English language published after 1994.Study selectionStudies set in general practice that investigated promoting good oral health in adult or child patients were considered. Study quality was assessed using NICE public health guidance checklists...
September 2016: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765547/does-psychological-profile-influence-third-molar-extraction-and-postoperative-pain
#15
Raquel González-Martínez, María Del Mar Jovani-Sancho, Isidoro Cortell-Ballester
PURPOSE: Our purposes were to determine the influence of psychological profile on hemodynamic changes in patients who undergo surgical removal of the third molars under intravenous sedation and to evaluate the effect on patients' anxiety and postoperative recovery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a prospective study of 100 patients (American Society of Anesthesiologists classes I and II; aged ≥18 years) seen in the CIMIVClinic (Department of Oral Surgery, Casa de Salud University Hospital, Valencia, Spain) who underwent extractions of all third molars under intravenous sedation...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762195/electronic-multidimensional-health-assessment-questionnaire-emdhaq-past-present-and-future-of-a-proposed-single-data-management-system-for-clinical-care-research-quality-improvement-and-monitoring-of-long-term-outcomes
#16
Theodore Pincus
An MDHAQ/RAPID3 (multidimensional health assessment questionnaire/routine assessment of patient index data) was developed from the HAQ over 25 years, based on observations made from completion by every patient (with all diagnoses) at every routine rheumatology visit since 1980. Modification of the HAQ was viewed as similar to improving a laboratory test, with a primary focus on clinical value for diagnosis, prognosis, and/or management, as well as feasibility for minimal effect on clinical workflow. Rigorous attention, was also directed to validity, reliability, other methodologic and technological considerations, but after clinical value and feasibility were established...
September 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754613/otolaryngology-residency-education-a-scoping-review-on-the-shift-towards-competency-based-medical-education
#17
N Wagner, C Fahim, K Dunn, D Reid, R R Sonnadara
BACKGROUND: Residency training programmes worldwide are experiencing a shift from the traditional time-based curriculum to competency-based medical education (CBME), due to changes in the healthcare system that have impacted clinical learning opportunities. Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (OTL-HNS) programmes are one of the first North American surgical specialties to adopt the new CBME curriculum. OBJECTIVE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this scoping review is to examine the literature pertaining to CBME in OTL-HNS programmes worldwide, to identify the tools that have been developed and identify potential barriers to the implementation of CBME...
October 18, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735828/implementation-science-a-neglected-opportunity-to-accelerate-improvements-in-the-safety-and-quality-of-surgical-care
#18
Louise Hull, Thanos Athanasiou, Stephanie Russ
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to emphasize the importance of implementation science in understanding why efforts to integrate evidence-based interventions into surgical practice frequently fail to replicate the improvements reported in early research studies. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Over the past 2 decades, numerous patient safety initiatives have been developed to improve the quality and safety of surgical care. The surgical community is now faced with translating "promising" initiatives from the research environment into clinical practice-the World Health Organization (WHO) has described this task as one of the greatest challenges facing the global health community and has identified the importance of implementation science in scaling up evidence-based interventions...
October 4, 2016: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734110/greater-pre-operative-anxiety-pain-and-poorer-function-predict-a-worse-outcome-of-a-total-knee-arthroplasty
#19
Sharifah Adla Alattas, Toby Smith, Maria Bhatti, Daniel Wilson-Nunn, Simon Donell
PURPOSE: Around 10-30 % of patients are dissatisfied with the results of their total knee arthroplasty (TKA). This review aimed to identify and evaluate the predictors of outcome measured by the three domains of health-related quality of life (pain, stiffness and function). The focus was on pre-operative psychological factors as related to other patient-related variables. METHODS: A systematic search was performed using the following databases: MEDLINE, PubMed, AMED, CINAHL, PsychINFO, SciFinder, Scopus, EMBASE, Cochrane, Lilacs, Web of Science and ScienceDirect...
October 12, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717565/patient-safety-improvement-interventions-in-children-s-surgery-a-systematic-review
#20
Alexander L Macdonald, Nick Sevdalis
BACKGROUND: Adult surgical patient safety literature is plentiful; however, there is a disproportionate paucity of published safety work in the children's surgical literature. We sought to systematically evaluate the nature and quality of patient safety evidence pertaining to pediatric surgical practice. METHODS: Systematic search of MEDLINE and EMBASE databases and gray literature identified 1399 articles. Data pertaining to demographics, methodology, interventions, and outcomes were extracted...
September 24, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
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