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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107694/evaluation-in-the-field-of-social-services-for-minors-measuring-the-efficacy-of-interventions-in-the-italian-service-for-health-protection-and-promotion
#1
Antonio Iudici, Agnese Gagliardo Corsi
This article presents the availment of a new Methodology for the efficacy evaluation of interventions in the field of social science: the Method of Computerized Textual Data Analysis (M.A.D.I.T.). In the beginning, we present some elements of the international and Italian legislation referred to the efficacy evaluation and about the child protection. Subsequently this work describes the process of efficacy evaluation of an intervention of minor protection delivered by a public Italian Service, the Minor and Family Service, MiFa...
November 30, 2016: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107541/recent-themes-in-social-networking-service-research
#2
John S Liu, Mei Hsiu-Ching Ho, Louis Y Y Lu
The body of literature addressing the phenomenon related to social networking services (SNSs) has grown rather fast recently. Through a systematic and quantitative approach, this study identifies the recent SNS research themes, which are the issues discussed by a coherent and growing subset of this literature. A set of academic articles retrieved from the Web of Science database is used as the basis for uncovering the recent themes. We begin the analysis by constructing a citation network which is further separated into groups after applying a widely used clustering method...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107489/retweets-as-a-predictor-of-relationships-among-users-on-social-media
#3
Sho Tsugawa, Kosuke Kito
Link prediction is the problem of detecting missing links or predicting future link formation in a network. Application of link prediction to social media, such as Twitter and Facebook, is useful both for developing novel services and for sociological analyses. While most existing research on link prediction uses only the social network topology for the prediction, in social media, records of user activities such as posting, replying, and reposting are available. These records are expected to reflect user interest, and so incorporating them should improve link prediction...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107428/effects-of-socioeconomic-status-and-social-support-on-violence-against-pregnant-women-a-structural-equation-modeling-analysis
#4
Marizélia Rodrigues Costa Ribeiro, Antônio Augusto Moura da Silva, Maria Teresa Seabra Soares de Britto E Alves, Rosângela Fernandes Lucena Batista, Cecília Cláudia Costa Ribeiro, Lilia Blima Schraiber, Heloisa Bettiol, Marco Antônio Barbieri
Few studies have used structural equation modeling to analyze the effects of variables on violence against women. The present study analyzed the effects of socioeconomic status and social support on violence against pregnant women who used prenatal services. This was a cross-sectional study based on data from the Brazilian Ribeirão Preto and São Luís birth cohort studies (BRISA). The sample of the municipality of São Luís (Maranhão/Brazil) consisted of 1,446 pregnant women interviewed in 2010 and 2011...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107295/healthcare-transformation-and-changing-roles-for-nursing
#5
Susan W Salmond, Mercedes Echevarria
Factors driving healthcare transformation include fragmentation, access problems, unsustainable costs, suboptimal outcomes, and disparities. Cost and quality concerns along with changing social and disease-type demographics created the greatest urgency for the need for change. Caring for and paying for medical treatments for patients suffering from chronic health conditions are a significant concern. The Affordable Care Act includes programs now led by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services aiming to improve quality and control cost...
January 2017: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107156/mandatory-reporting-of-human-trafficking-potential-benefits-and-risks-of-harm
#6
Abigail English
Human trafficking, including both sex and labor trafficking, has profound consequences for the safety, health, and well-being of victims and survivors. Efforts to address human trafficking through prevention, protection, and prosecution are growing but remain insufficient. Mandatory reporting has the potential to bring victims and survivors to the attention of social service and law enforcement agencies but may discourage trafficked persons from seeking help, thereby limiting the ability of health care professionals to establish trust and provide needed care...
January 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106360/federal-policy-for-the-protection-of-human-subjects-final-rule
#7
(no author information available yet)
The departments and agencies listed in this document announce revisions to modernize, strengthen, and make more effective the Federal Policy for the Protection of Human Subjects that was originally promulgated as a Common Rule in 1991. This final rule is intended to better protect human subjects involved in research, while facilitating valuable research and reducing burden, delay, and ambiguity for investigators. These revisions are an effort to modernize, simplify, and enhance the current system of oversight...
19, 2017: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105790/a-qualitative-study-of-patients-knowledge-and-views-of-about-oral-health-and-acceptability-of-related-intervention-in-an-australian-inpatient-alcohol-and-drug-treatment-facility
#8
Alison Li Sun Cheah, Ram Pandey, Mark Daglish, Pauline J Ford, Sue Patterson
Social factors, health behaviours and the direct effects of substances contribute to the poor oral health and restricted access to dental services experienced by people who are dependent on drugs and/or alcohol. Admission for inpatient withdrawal management provides an opportunity for intervention to promote oral health but to be effective it must be acceptable to patients. To support intervention design, we examined patients' views about oral health, practices and treatment access, and appropriateness of health-promoting intervention in this context...
January 20, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105778/psychosocial-screening-and-management-of-young-people-aged-18-25-years-with-diabetes
#9
Helen d'Emden, Brett McDermott, Neisha D'Silva, Tom Dover, Tatjana Ewais, Kristen Gibbons, Trisha O'Moore-Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Routine psychosocial screening and management of people with diabetes is recommended. AIMS: To profile demographic, medical and psychosocial characteristics of young people with diabetes, and to develop a screening tool and care pathway for routine use. METHODS: Indices of diabetes control and recorded diabetes complications were complimented by psychosocial screening tools assessing psychological, diabetes specific, and perceived stress (K10, PAID, PSS), well-being (WHO-5), disordered eating ((EDI-3RC), compensatory behaviour questionnaire, social support (MSPSS), resilience (CD-2) and financial concerns...
January 20, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105585/how-feasible-is-multiple-time-point-web-based-data-collection-with-individuals-experiencing-street-homelessness
#10
Karin M Eyrich-Garg, Shadiya L Moss
Three barriers investigators often encounter when conducting longitudinal work with homeless or other marginalized populations are difficulty tracking participants, high rates of no-shows for follow-up interviews, and high rates of loss to follow-up. Recent research has shown that homeless populations have substantial access to information technologies, including mobile devices and computers. These technologies have the potential both to make longitudinal data collection with homeless populations easier and to minimize some of these methodological challenges...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104599/telephone-follow-up-calls-for-older-patients-after-hospital-discharge
#11
Ebony Lewis, Sarah Samperi, Christopher Boyd-Skinner
Population ageing poses many challenges. Recurrent readmission to hospital by frail older people places a strain on health systems and the individual. Registered nurses with experience in emergency department, ICU and aged care conducted telephone follow-up calls to patients or bereaved family members after an acute hospital admission. During follow-up calls, many patients reported feelings of loneliness and social isolation post-discharge. It was also found that patients may not be aware of support services available in the community...
January 18, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104547/residential-eviction-and-exposure-to-violence-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-vancouver-canada
#12
Mary Clare Kennedy, Ryan McNeil, M-J Milloy, Huiru Dong, Thomas Kerr, Kanna Hayashi
BACKGROUND: People who inject drugs (PWID) experience markedly elevated rates of physical and sexual violence, as well as housing instability. While previous studies have demonstrated an association between homelessness and increased exposure to violence among PWID, the relationship between residential eviction and violence is unknown. We therefore sought to examine the association between residential eviction and experiencing violence among PWID in Vancouver, Canada. METHODS: Data were derived from two open prospective cohort studies of PWID: the Vancouver Injection Drug Users Study (VIDUS) and the AIDS Care Cohort to evaluate Exposure to Survival Services (ACCESS)...
January 16, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104041/what-is-the-role-of-health-systems-in-responding-to-domestic-violence-an-evidence-review
#13
Jo Spangaro
Objective The aim of the present study was to review and analyse academic literature and program evaluations to identify promising evidence for health system responses to domestic violence in Australia and internationally.Methods English-language literature published between January 2005 and March 2016 was retrieved from search results using the terms 'domestic violence' or 'intimate partner violence' in different combinations with other relevant terms, resulting in 1671 documents, of which 59 were systematic reviews...
January 20, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103861/the-saskatchewan-new-brunswick-healthy-start-d%C3%A3-part-sant%C3%A3-intervention-implementation-cost-estimates-of-a-physical-activity-and-healthy-eating-intervention-in-early-learning-centers
#14
Nazmi Sari, Nazeem Muhajarine, Amanda Froehlich Chow
BACKGROUND: Participation in daily physical activity and consuming a balanced diet high in fruits and vegetables and low in processed foods are behaviours associated with positive health outcomes during all stages of life. Previous literature suggests that the earlier these behaviours are established the greater the health benefits. As such, early learning settings have been shown to provide an effective avenue for exploring and influencing the physical activity and healthy eating behaviours of children before school entry...
January 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103706/disclosure-of-physical-emotional-and-sexual-child-abuse-help-seeking-and-access-to-abuse-response-services-in-two-south-african-provinces
#15
Franziska Meinck, Lucie Cluver, Heidi Loening-Voysey, Rachel Bray, Jenny Doubt, Marisa Casale, Lorraine Sherr
Physical, emotional and sexual child abuse are major problems in South Africa. This study investigates whether children know about post-abuse services, if they disclose and seek services, and what the outcomes of help-seeking behaviour are. It examines factors associated with request and receipt of services. Confidential self-report questionnaires were completed by adolescents aged 10-17 (n = 3515) in South Africa. Prevalence of frequent (>weekly) physical abuse was 7.4%, frequent emotional abuse 12.4%, and lifetime contact sexual abuse 9...
January 19, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103459/-cultural-competence-in-intervention-with-immigrants-a-comparative-analysis-between-health-professionals-social-workers-and-police-officers
#16
Mariana Gonçalves, Marlene Matos
INTRODUCTION: Cultural diversity places increased demands on services to multicultural populations, so the development of cultural competence by help professionals is currently a concern in institutional practices. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study evaluated the perception of cultural competence of help professional of three distinct areas: health services, social services and criminal police. Through an online questionnaire, we questioned the perception of cultural competence, at four dimensions: cultural awareness, cultural knowledge, technical skills, and organizational support...
October 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103125/opt-out-patient-navigation-to-improve-breast-and-cervical-cancer-screening-among-homeless-women
#17
Ramin Asgary, Ramesh Naderi, Juan Wisnivesky
BACKGROUND: A patient navigation model was implemented to improve breast and cervical cancer screening among women who were homeless in five shelters and shelter clinics in New York City in 2014. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Navigation consisted of opt-out screening to eligible women; cancer health and screening education; scheduling and following up for screening completion, obtaining, and communicating results to patients and providers; and care coordination with social services organizations...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102917/sexual-violence-in-the-college-population-a-systematic-review-of-disclosure-and-campus-resources-and-services
#18
REVIEW
Valerie Halstead, Jessica R Williams, Rosa Gonzalez-Guarda
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To synthesize research examining college student sexual violence disclosure and campus sexual violence resources and services. BACKGROUND: Recently, the issue of sexual violence within the college population has garnered attention worldwide. The prevalence of sexual violence within college students is alarmingly high. Survivors often experience negative outcomes (e.g., health-related consequences, impact on education). Efforts have been made to address this significant public health concern...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102790/an-adaptable-instrument-and-method-for-exploring-care-and-compassion
#19
Roger Newham, Louise Terry
Background Narratives, particularly when visual and auditory elements are added to words, reveal more about cultures and behaviours, including those present in professional and service settings. Discourse analysis (DA) enables researchers to explicate meanings and understandings linking culture and behaviour. Aim To explain the development of a DA instrument and method for a research study of caring and compassion as expressed in different media. Discussion The DA instrument assisted in systematic and multi-modal data analysis by several researchers from different countries and backgrounds...
January 23, 2017: Nurse Researcher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101878/bootstrapping-disaster-the-challenge-of-growing-and-maintaining-a-cross-sector-collaborative-network
#20
Aaron Wachhaus
This article examines the interaction of nonprofit and private actors with the traditional bureaucratic structures of government in central Pennsylvania&s recovery from hurricane Irene and tropical storm Lee. That effort relied heavily on private and nonprofit organizations as drivers of the response and recovery. The author maps the organizations involved in the recovery effort and explores the impact of the recovery effort on those organizations. A social network analysis was conducted and complemented with follow-up interviews with key actors...
November 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
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